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Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125256/decoupling-of-active-and-passive-reasons-for-the-invasion-dynamics-of-aedes-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-comparisons-of-dispersal-history-in-the-apennine-and-florida-peninsulas
#1
Attila Trájer, Tamás Hammer, István Kacsala, Balázs Tánczos, Nárcisz Bagi, Judit Padisák
Aedes albopictus is an important vector of several diseases including dengue- and Chikungunya fever and is a potential vector of Zika-fever. The invasion dynamics of Aedes albopictus was reconsidered by comparing the temperature-related development of the mosquito with the observed real geographical distribution in Florida and in Italy. The potential number of generations and the annual dispersal distances of the mosquito were calculated for the estimates. The estimated total dispersals are 3.6-4.6 km/year/generation in Italy and 4...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125255/evaluation-of-sticky-traps-for-adult-aedes-mosquitoes-in-malaysia-a-potential-monitoring-and-surveillance-tool-for-the-efficacy-of-control-strategies
#2
Muhammad Aidil Roslan, Romano Ngui, Indra Vythilingam, Wan Yusoff Wan Sulaiman
The present study compared the performance of sticky traps in order to identify the most effective and practical trap for capturing Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Three phases were conducted in the study, with Phase 1 evaluating the five prototypes (Models A, B, C, D, and E) of sticky trap release-and-recapture using two groups of mosquito release numbers (five and 50) that were released in each replicate. Similarly, Phase 2 compared the performance between Model E and the classical ovitrap that had been modified (sticky ovitrap), using five and 50 mosquito release numbers...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125254/field-cage-insecticide-resistance-tests-against-culex-quinquefasciatus-say-diptera-culicidae-in-harris-county-texas-u-s-a
#3
Pamela M Stark, Chris L Fredregill, Melissa S Nolan, Mustapha Debboun
The ground adulticiding program in densely populated Harris County has been employed on the basis of virus-positive mosquitoes almost exclusively using the 'rotation of chemicals best practices' stratagem. To evaluate its effectiveness, 15 comparative field cage testing events were conducted from 2011-2015 using seven wild population samples from repeatedly collected locations of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and a laboratory susceptible Sebring strain colony reared to adults. A 3 × 3 plot design was employed for exposure to ultra-low volume applications of malathion and synergized permethrin...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125253/first-report-of-the-endobacteria-wolbachia-in-natural-populations-of-culex-pipiens-in-morocco
#4
F Z Tmimi, M Bkhache, K Mounaji, A B Failloux, M Sarih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125252/the-distribution-of-mosquitoes-across-an-altitudinal-gradient-in-the-galapagos-islands
#5
Samoa Asigau, Daniel A Hartman, Jenni M Higashiguchi, Patricia G Parker
An avian malaria parasite (genus Plasmodium) has been detected consistently in the Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) and less frequently in some passerines. We sampled three resident mosquito species (Aedes taeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Aedes aegypti) using CDC light and gravid traps on three islands in 2012, 2013, and 2014. We sampled along altitudinal gradients to ask whether there are mosquito-free refugia at higher elevations as there are in Hawaii. We captured both Ae. taeniorhynchus and Cx...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125251/morphological-and-morphometric-analysis-of-scutella-of-six-species-and-two-subspecies-of-triatoma-hemiptera-reduviidae-in-mexico
#6
Nancy Rivas, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero, Alejandro D Camacho, Alejandro Córdoba-Aguilar, Ricardo Alejandre-Aguilar
Morphological characters can be used to distinguish the vast majority of triatomine species, but the existence of high levels of phenotypic plasticity and recently diverged species can lead to erroneous determinations. To approach this problem, we analyzed the male and female morphologies of the scutella of Triatoma barberi, T. dimidiata, T. lecticularia, T. mexicana, T. recurva, T. rubida, and two sub-species, T. protracta protracta and T. protracta nahuatlae. Scutellum samples were observed by scanning electron microscopy and subjected to morphological analysis and morphometric investigation using a canonical discriminant analysis...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125250/ecological-characterization-of-aedes-aegypti-larval-habitats-diptera-culicidae-in-artificial-water-containers-in-girardot-colombia
#7
Diana C Garcia-Sánchez, Gabriel A Pinilla, Juliana Quintero
The establishment of habitats for immature Ae. aegypti is regulated by biotic and abiotic factors and interactions between these factors. This study aimed to determine the effects of physico-chemical variables and planktonic algae on immature Ae. aegypti habitats in 101 water tanks (50 of them containing Ae. aegypti pupae and/or larvae) in Girardot, Colombia. Physical data were collected from the water tanks (volume, capacity, material, detritus, and location), along with the physico-chemical variables (temperature, pH, conductivity, redox potential, dissolved oxygen, percentage of oxygen saturation, nitrates, nitrites, and orthophosphates)...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125249/first-record-of-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-in-thirteen-panhandle-region-counties-of-texas-u-s-a
#8
Steven T Peper, Alexander Wilson-Fallon, Katelyn Haydett, Hannah Greenberg, Steven M Presley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125248/effects-of-flash-flooding-on-mosquito-and-community-dynamics-in-experimental-pools
#9
C Duchet, G M Moraru, O Segev, M Spencer, A Gershberg Hayoon, L Blaustein
Pulsed disturbances of larval mosquito sites are likely to have a direct negative effect on mosquitoes but may also have indirect effects due to the alteration of community structure. These altered communities may become attractive to gravid mosquitoes searching for oviposition sites when the disturbances decrease the abundance of mosquito antagonists such as competitors, which often results in an increase in mosquito food resources. However, flash flood disturbances in intermittent riverbeds can also remove mosquito food resources such as algae, so that the net effect of flash floods could be either to increase or decrease mosquito abundance...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125247/forest-canopy-water-level-and-biopesticide-interact-to-determine-oviposition-habitat-selection-in-aedes-albopictus
#10
Christopher A Binckley
Understanding how interacting abiotic and biotic factors influence colonization rates into different habitat types is critical for both conserving and controlling species. For example, the rapid global spread of Asian tiger mosquitoes, Aedes albopictus, has reduced native species abundances and produced disease outbreaks. Fortunately, bacterial endospores of two Bacillus species (biospesticide) are highly lethal to Ae. albopictus larvae and have been commercially developed to reduce populations. Oviposition habitat selection is the first defense Ae...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125246/history-of-the-discovery-of-the-mode-of-transmission-of-yellow-fever-virus
#11
Alan N Clements, Ralph E Harbach
This essay documents and examines the historical circumstances and events surrounding the discovery of the mode of transmission of yellow fever virus in Cuba. Close scrutiny of the articles published by Walter Reed and his colleagues in 1900, 1901 and 1902 reveals their limitations as historic documents. Fortunately, other sources of information from that period survive in letters and documents written by individuals involved in the quest for the mode of transmission. Examination and comparison of those sources of information unveiled a fascinating story which reveals that misunderstandings engendered by published articles accorded merit where it was not fully due...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125245/first-records-of-ixodes-lividus-from-sand-martin-riparia-riparia-nests-in-lithuania
#12
Vesta Matulaitytė, Jana Radzijevskaja, Algimantas Paulauskas
Ixodes lividus (Koch, 1844) ticks are specific parasites of the sand martin Riparia riparia (L.). The distribution range of I. lividus covers Europe (being absent from the Mediterranean area) and Asia. However, until now there have been no reports on the presence of this tick in Lithuania. A total of 47 nests were collected in three different colonies of sand martins in the central part of Lithuania and 46.8% of them were infested with ticks. In total, 2,770 ticks were found and identified as I. lividus based on morphological characteristics...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125244/abundance-and-distribution-of-anopheles-mosquitoes-in-a-malaria-endemic-area-along-the-thai-lao-border
#13
Nattapol Marasri, Hans J Overgaard, Anchana Sumarnrote, Kanutcharee Thanispong, Vincent Corbel, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
Malaria is an important public health problem in Thailand, especially along international borders. In this study, we conducted a longitudinal entomological survey in six villages and rubber plantation sites to address the spatio-temporal abundance and behavior of malaria vectors in Ubon Ratchathani Province along the Thailand-Laos border. Adult female mosquitoes were collected by human landing collections (indoor and outdoor) and by cattle bait collections twice per year, during rainy and dry seasons. Mosquitoes were morphologically identified and sibling species were determined by allele-specific PCR...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125243/wing-morphology-variations-in-a-natural-population-of-phlebotomus-tobbi-adler-and-theodor-1930
#14
Gizem Oguz, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Bulent Alten
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is highly endemic in the Cukurova region, located on the crossroads of main refugee routes from the Middle East to Europe on the eastern Mediterranean part of Turkey. Our purpose was to investigate the phenotypic variation of Phlebotomus tobbi, the known vector of CL in the region, during one active season. Sand flies and microclimatic data were collected monthly from May to October, 2011, from five locations in six villages in the study area. A geometric morphometric approach was used to investigate wing morphology...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125242/external-female-genitalia-of-six-species-of-the-genus-meccus-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae
#15
Nancy Rivas, Victor Sánchez-Cordero, Alejandro D Camacho, Ricardo Alejandre-Aguilar
Triatomine classification is based on morphological characteristics. Studies have been conducted to improve their identification by observing many characteristics. However, there are problems of differentiating among highly interrelated species and new criteria are required. The purpose of this study was to determine the morphological differences in the external female genitalia of M. pallidipennis, M. longipennis, M. picturatus, M. bassolsae, M. mazzottii, and M. phyllosomus in order to distinguish among species using scanning electron microscopy...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125241/seasonal-dynamics-of-anopheles-species-at-three-locations-in-the-republic-of-korea
#16
Desmond H Foley, Terry A Klein, Heung Chul Kim, Myung-Soon Kim, Richard C Wilkerson, Cong Li, Genelle Harrison, Leopoldo M Rueda
Weekly changes in adult Anopheles species were monitored at Camp Humphreys (CH), Ganghwa Island (GH), and Warrior Base (WB), from May-October, 2009-2010 to explore the relationship between Plasmodium vivax development and vector dynamics in the Republic of Korea (ROK). Adult females were trapped and dissected to determine parity for estimating longevity, mortality, and birthrate. A degree-day (DD) method was used to estimate the extrinsic incubation period (EIP) of P. vivax and duration of the gonotrophic cycle and other life stages...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504453/reduced-productivity-of-culex-pipiens-and-cx-restuans-diptera-culicidae-mosquitoes-in-parking-area-catch-basins-in-the-northeast-chicago-metropolitan-area
#17
Justin E Harbison, Bridget Hulsebosch, Jennifer Buczek, Amy Runde, Roger Nasci
From June to September, 2016, 100 catch basins in eight parking areas were monitored weekly for the presence of mosquito pupae in the operational area of the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (NSMAD) located just north of Chicago, IL, U.S.A. Weekly results from these basins were compared to weekly samples taken from residential street catch basins, the most common type of catch basin treated seasonally by the NSMAD with larvicides. Over the 17 study weeks, residential street basins had a mean rate of productivity (pupae per basin-visit) 12 times that of parking area catch basins...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504452/effect-of-co2-concentration-on-mosquito-collection-rate-using-odor-baited-suction-traps
#18
Lee McPhatter, Alec C Gerry
Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) has been used for decades to enhance capture of host-seeking mosquitoes when released in association with traps commonly used by mosquito and vector control agencies. However, there is little published work evaluating the effect of altering CO2 release rates relative to the number of mosquitoes captured in these traps. This study investigated how varying CO2 concentration altered the mosquito collection rate at a freshwater wetlands in southern California. Host-seeking mosquitoes were captured in CDC-style traps baited with one of six CO2 release rates ranging from 0-1,495 ml/min from gas cylinders...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504451/biological-parameters-of-interbreeding-populations-of-meccus-phyllosomus-longipennis-usinger-1939-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae-in-mexico
#19
José Alejandro Martínez-Ibarra, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, María Elena Villagrán-Herrera, José Antonio de Diego-Cabrera, Luis Carlos Reyes-Sosa, Ramón Alejandro González-Elizondo, Earvin Alejandro Loera-Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504450/the-influence-of-environmental-management-and-animal-shelters-in-vector-control-of-culicoides-diptera-ceratopogonidae-in-northeastern-brazil
#20
Maria da C A Bandeira, Gustavo A Brito, Adriane da Penha, Ciro L C Santos, José M M Rebêlo
We investigated whether biting midges in peridomestic environments are affected by environmental management practices and the presence of domestic animals. We used CDC light traps to collect midges in 112 residences across 24 locations along tourism routes of Maranhão, Brazil. The collection areas were characterized as follows: i) peridomestic area with domestic animals and without management (dirty); ii) peridomestic with domestic animals and management (clean); iii) peridomestic without animals and with management (clean); iv) peridomestic without animals and without management (dirty)...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
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