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Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research

Kaitlyn Beyfuss, David A Hood
BACKGROUND: p53 is a tumor suppressor protein involved in regulating a wide array of signaling pathways. The role of p53 in the cell is determined by the type of imposed oxidative stress, its intensity and duration. The last decade of research has unravelled a dual nature in the function of p53 in mediating the oxidative stress burden. However, this is dependent on the specific properties of the applied stress and thus requires further analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed following an electronic search of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases...
January 3, 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
José Francisco Taty Zau, Rodrigo Costa Zeferino, Nádia Sandrine Mota, Gerez Fernandes Martins, Salvador Manoel Serra, Therezil Bonates da Cunha, Daniel Medeiros Lima, Basilio de Bragança Pereira, Emília Matos do Nascimento, Danilo Wilhelm Filho, Rozangela Curi Pedrosa, Roberto Coury Pedrosa
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the world and oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis. Cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary artery disease submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting may prevent cardiovascular events probably through the attenuation of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of a cardiac rehabilitation program in the control of the systemic oxidative stress. METHODS: The studied population consisted of 40 patients, with chronic stable coronary artery disease submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting, who attended a cardiac rehabilitation program...
December 27, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Yiqun Bian, Hao Wang, Shui Sun
Osteoarthritis (OA), characterized by pain and stiffness, swelling, deformity and dysfunction of joints, affects large numbers of population. The purpose of this study was to discover the effects of taurine in human OA chondrocytes and explore the underlying mechanisms. 46 patients with different grades of OA were recruited. Of these patients, 24 underwent total knee replacement and cartilages were harvested. The mRNA expressions of type II collagen (Collagen II) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers (GRP78, GADD153 and Caspase-12) in cartilages were quantified by qRT-PCR...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Anna Katharina Schuh, Babak Sheybani, Esther Jortzik, Bernd Niemann, Jochen Wilhelm, Andreas Boening, Katja Becker
OBJECTIVES: Redox regulation plays a crucial role in balancing the cardiovascular system. In this prospective study we aimed to identify currently unknown correlations valuable to cardiovascular research and patient management. METHODS: Blood samples from 500 patients were collected directly before cardiosurgical interventions (Ethics Committee reference number 85/11). Four central redox parameters were determined together with about 30 clinical, anthropometric, and metabolic parameters...
December 19, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Hongchao Jiao, Kaifeng Zhou, Jingpeng Zhao, Xiaojuan Wang, Hai Lin
Objective Glucocorticoids (GCs) can induce oxidative damage in skeletal muscles. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a high caloric (HC) diet rich in soy oil would change the oxidative stress induced by a GC. Methods The effect of dexamethasone (DEX) and HC diet on oxidative stress in plasma, skeletal muscles (M. pectoralis major, PM; M. biceps femoris, BF), and mitochondria were determined. The biomarkers of oxidative damage and antioxidative enzyme activity were determined. The fatty acid profile of muscles and the activities of complex I and II in mitochondria were measured...
November 20, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Fabiane Rodrigues, Leidiane de Lucca, Walter S Neme, Thissiane de Lima Gonçalves
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the activity of delta-aminolevulinate dehydratase (δ-ALA-D) and oxidative stress biomarkers in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), in order to demonstrate the involvement of oxidative stress in this condition, which presents pathophysiology still undetermined. METHODS: δ-ALA-D activity, lipid peroxidation estimated as the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein (P-SH) and non-protein thiol (NP-SH) content, catalase (CAT) activity and concentration of vitamin C (VIT C) in samples of pregnant women with GDM (n = 48) and in healthy pregnant women (n = 30), who constituted the control group...
November 17, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Angelina Freitas Siqueira, Amilton Vieira, Gracielle Vieira Ramos, Rita de Cássia Marqueti, Tania de Fátima Salvini, Gustavo Orione Puntel, Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of multiple cryotherapy applications after muscle injury on markers of oxidative stress. METHODS: Following cryolesion-induced skeletal muscle injury in rats, ice was applied at the injured site for 30 minutes, three times per day, on the day of injury, and for 2 days after injury. To determine the effect of the cryotherapy treatment on markers of oxidative stress, biochemical analyses were performed 3, 7, and 14 days after injury...
November 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Víctor Molina, Bettina von Dessauer, Ramón Rodrigo, Cristian Carvajal
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress is known to participate in the progression of sepsis. Definite data regarding the behavior of oxidative stress biomarkers in pediatric sepsis is still lacking. This study hypothesized that oxidative stress occurs in pediatric sepsis and that the magnitude of the redox derangement is associated with worse clinical progression. METHODS: Forty-two previously healthy pediatric patients with sepsis and a group of control subjects were included...
November 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Suhee Kim, Sun Hee Ahn, Hee-Young Yang, Jin-Sil Lee, Hyang-Gi Choi, Young-Kyu Park, Tae-Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: In tissue samples from patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), oxidation of C420 and C457 of plakoglobin (Pg) within tumor tissue was identified by proteomic analysis. The aim of this study was to identify the roles of Pg C420 and C457. METHODS: Human CRC tissues, CRC and breast cancer cells, and normal mouse colon were prepared to validate Pg oxidation. MC38 cells were co-transfected with E-cadherin plus wild type (WT) or mutant (C420S or C457S) Pg to evaluate protein interactions and cellular localization, proliferation, and migration...
November 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Juliane de Souza Cardoso, Pathise Souto Oliveira, Natália Pontes Bona, Flávia Aleixo Vasconcellos, Jucimara Baldissarelli, Marcia Vizzotto, Mayara Sandrielly Pereira Soares, Vanessa Plasse Ramos, Roselia Maria Spanevello, Claiton Leoneti Lencina, Rejane Giacomelli Tavares, Francieli Moro Stefanello
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) plays an important role in the development of many diseases, such as diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the extracts from fruits native to Brazil on metabolic parameters and hepatic oxidative markers in an animal model of insulin resistance induced by dexamethasone (DEX). METHODS: Wistar rats received water or extracts of Eugenia uniflora or Psidium cattleianum, once a day for 21 days...
October 31, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Anna Gawron-Skarbek, Anna Prymont-Przymińska, Agnieszka Sobczak, Agnieszka Guligowska, Tomasz Kostka, Dariusz Nowak, Franciszek Szatko
OBJECTIVES: As plasma and salivary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is mainly contributed by uric acid (UA), the present study measures non-urate TAC (Nu-TAC). The aim of the study was to correlate plasma native TAC, Nu-TAC and UA with their salivary analogues, and compare the UA contribution in both body fluids using two different methods. METHODS: The study involved 55 middle-aged and older subjects (66.7 ± 4.5 years). TAC was determined simultaneously with two methods (ferric reducing ability of plasma - FRAP, 2...
October 31, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Aristidis S Veskoukis, Nikos V Margaritelis, Antonios Kyparos, Vassilis Paschalis, Michalis G Nikolaidis
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)/NADH) along with its phosphorylated form (NADP(+)/NADPH) are two molecules ubiquitously present in all organisms, and they play key roles as cofactors in fundamental catabolic and anabolic processes, respectively. The oxidation of NADPH to NADP(+) initiates a cascade of reactions, where a network of molecules is implicated. The molecules of this cascade form a network with eminent translational potential in redox metabolism. A special point of interest is that spectrophotometric assays have been developed both for NADH/NADPH and the molecules directly regulated by them...
October 31, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Hanna Pawluk, Robert Pawluk, Joanna Robaczewska, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Józef Kędziora
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to examine selected parameters of the blood redox system in elderly patients with hypertension.examine selected parameters of the blood redox system in elderly patients with hypertension. METHODS: We analyzed differences in redox-associated molecules and enzymes among elderly hypertensive subjects (age above 65 years, n = 49) and two groups of normotensive subjects (<65 years old - Control group I; n = 27, and >65 - Control group II; n = 30)...
September 5, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Hélène Talarmin, Frédéric Derbré, Luz Lefeuvre-Orfila, Karelle Léon, Mickaël Droguet, Jean-Pierre Pennec, Marie-Agnès Giroux-Metgès
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether non-lethal sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) modulates oxidative damage and enzymatic antioxidant defenses in diaphragm and hindlimb skeletal muscles (soleus and Extensor Digitorus Longus (EDL)). METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups: (1) control animals, (2) animals sacrificed 2 hours or (3) 7 days after CLP, and (4) sham-operated animals. At the end of the experimental procedure, EDL, soleus, and diaphragm muscles were harvested and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE)-protein adducts and protein carbonyl contents were examined in relation to superoxide dismutase and catalase expression and activities...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Elif Baysal, Secaattin Gulsen, Ismail Aytac, Fatih Celenk, Nuray Ensari, Seyithan Taysi, Habib Binici, Cengiz Durucu, Semih Mumbuc, Muzaffer Kanlikama
OBJECTIVES: Otosclerosis is a disease involving abnormal bone turnover in the human otic capsule that results in hearing loss. Several hypotheses have been suggested for the etiopathogenesis of otosclerosis; however, its etiology remains unclear. METHODS: This study evaluated the correlation between otosclerosis and levels of paraoxonase-1 (PON1), arylesterase, total antioxidant status, total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), total sulfhydryl (-SH) groups, lipid hydroperoxide, and ceruloplasmin in the serum of otosclerosis patients and healthy subjects with respect to oxidative stress...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Mehmet Akif Altay, Cemil Ertürk, Ali Levent, Baki Volkan Çetin, Nurten Aksoy
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate serum prolidase activity and to investigate its association with oxidative-antioxidative status in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Oxidative status parameters, including lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH), total oxidant status (TOS), and the oxidative stress index (OSI), and antioxidative status parameters, free sulfhydryl groups (Total -SH), and total antioxidative capacity (TAC), as well as serum prolidase activity were assessed in patients with DDH (n = 93), and in healthy controls (n = 82)...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Jaroslaw Poznanski, Pawel Szczesny, Bartosz Pawlinski, Tomasz Mazurek, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Zdzislaw Gajewski, Leszek Paczek
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the regulation of human blood flow revealed several modes of oscillations with frequencies ranging from 0.005 to 1 Hz. Several mechanisms were proposed that might influence these oscillations, such as the activity of vascular endothelium, the neurogenic activity of vessel wall, the intrinsic activity of vascular smooth muscle, respiration, and heartbeat. These studies relied typically on non-invasive techniques, for example, laser Doppler flowmetry. Oscillations of biochemical markers were rarely coupled to blood flow...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Soner Sertan Kara, Ozcan Erel, Tugba Bedir Demirdag, Burcu Ceylan Cura Yayla, Belgin Gulhan, Salim Neselioglu, Meltem Polat, Gokhan Kalkan, Anil Tapisiz, Hasan Tezer
OBJECTIVE: Thiol-disulphide homeostasis (TDH) has a critical role in various clinical disorders. We aimed to assess the association of TDH with acute tonsillopharyngitis (AT) in children. METHODS: This study included 94 (73 viral and 21 bacterial) tonsillopharyngitis patients and 88 control children. Their native thiol, total thiol, and disulphide levels were measured. RESULTS: Viral and bacterial tonsillopharyngitis patients had lower native thiol levels compared with healthy children (P < 0...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Shannon B Fadaee, Kassia S Beetham, Erin J Howden, Tony Stanton, Nicole M Isbel, Jeff S Coombes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated oxidative stress and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have identified a positive association between elevated oxidative stress and autonomic dysfunction, however this relationship has not yet been investigated in the CKD population. METHODS: Plasma was collected from 78 patients with stage 3-4 CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate 25-60 ml/min/1...
September 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
V Hirschler, M Martín, K Oestreicher, C Molinari, W Tetzlaff, E Botta, L Boero, F Brites
BACKGROUND: Children living at high altitude in San Antonio de los Cobres (SAC), Argentina, were shown to have lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels than Buenos Aires (BA) children. HDL antioxidant capacity is mainly attributed to paraoxonase1 (PON1). OBJECTIVE: To compare PON1 activity in indigenous SAC vs. BA children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared 158 SAC vs. 97 BA children (6-16 years). Anthropometric data and lipoprotein profile were measured...
August 30, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
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