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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412595/health-risk-behaviour-among-residents-in-deprived-neighbourhoods-compared-with-those-of-the-general-population-in-denmark-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maria Holst Algren, Ola Ekholm, Frank van Lenthe, Johan Mackenbach, Carsten Kronborg Bak, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen
This study compares health-risk behaviours (including the co-occurrence of health-risk behaviours) of residents in the deprived neighbourhoods with those of the general population of Denmark. It also examines associations between sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics and health-risk behaviours in deprived neighbourhoods in Denmark. Even after adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics there were large differences in health-risk behaviours between residents in deprived neighbourhoods and the general population...
April 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432912/the-embodied-spaces-of-children-with-complex-care-needs-effects-on-the-social-realities-and-power-negotiations-of-families
#2
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Marie Edwards, Jacquie D Ripat, Gina Rempel
This paper presents research findings that advance knowledge around the power and agency families with children with complex care needs (CCN). Our conceptual framework uses concepts from geography towards situating the experiences and social realities of family carers within the 'embodied space of care'. The data originate from a longitudinal qualitative study of Canadian families with children with CCN. Findings reveal that interactions and decision-making processes relating to health and everyday life were complex and socially interconnected, and emphasize the need for provisions for family-based decision-making and enhanced social inclusion of families and the importance of the renegotiation of power...
April 19, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432911/lifting-the-lid-on-geographic-complexity-in-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-education-in-china
#3
Maigeng Zhou, Xiaoqi Feng, Jiang Yong, Yichong Li, Mei Zhang, Andrew Page, Thomas Astell-Burt, Wenhua Zhao
In China, rising obesity has coincided with increasing affluence. Few studies have properly accounted for geographic variation, however, which may influence prior results. Using large data with biomarkers in China, we show body mass index (BMI) to be positively correlated with higher person-level education if estimated using ordinary least squares. In stark contrast, fitting the same data within a multilevel model gives the complete opposite result. We go on to show that the relationship between BMI and person-level education in China is dependent upon geography, underlining why multilevel modelling is crucial for revealing these types of people-place contingencies...
April 19, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391129/are-buffers-around-home-representative-of-physical-activity-spaces-among-adults
#4
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Kelly R Evenson
Residential buffers are frequently used to assess built environment characteristics relevant to physical activity (PA), yet little is known about how well they represent the spatial areas in which individuals undertake PA. We used System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities data for 217 adults from five US states who wore an accelerometer and a GPS for three weeks to create newly defined PA-specific activity spaces. These PA spaces were based on PA occurring in bouts of ≥10min and were defined as 1) the single minimum convex polygon (MCP) containing all of a participant's PA bout minutes and 2) the combination of many MCPs constructed using each PA bout independently...
April 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391128/navigating-riskscapes-the-experiences-of-international-health-care-workers-responding-to-the-ebola-outbreak-in-west-africa
#5
Stephanie Gee, Morten Skovdal
This paper draws on interview data to examine how international health care workers navigated risk during the unprecedented Ebola outbreak in West Africa. It identifies the importance of place in risk perception, including how different spatial localities give rise to different feelings of threat or safety, some from the construction of physical boundaries, and others mediated through aspects of social relations, such as trust, communication and team dynamics. Referring to these spatial localities as 'riskscapes', the paper calls for greater recognition of the role of place in understanding risk perception, and how people navigate risk...
April 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391127/the-role-of-spatially-derived-access-to-care-characteristics-in-melanoma-prevention-and-control-in-los-angeles-county
#6
Loraine A Escobedo, Ashley Crew, Ariana Eginli, David Peng, Michael R Cousineau, Myles Cockburn
Among 10,068 incident cases of invasive melanoma, we examined the effects of patient characteristics and access-to-care on the risk of advanced melanoma. Access-to-care was defined in terms of census tract-level sociodemographics, health insurance, cost of dermatological services and appointment wait-times, clinic density and travel distance. Public health insurance and education level were the strongest predictors of advanced melanomas but were modified by race/ethnicity and poverty: Hispanic whites and high-poverty neighborhoods were worse off than non-Hispanic whites and low-poverty neighborhoods...
April 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390268/the-strategic-geographies-of-global-health-partnerships
#7
Clare Herrick
Global health partnerships have been hailed as a means of addressing the global health worker shortage, bringing forth health systems strengthening and, therefore, the universal health coverage aspirations of the Sustainable Development Goals. In contrast to other critical engagements with partnerships which have tended to focus on experiences and effects of these partnerships in situ; this paper draws on the example of the UK to explore how partnership working and development agendas have become entwined. Moreover, this entwinement has ensured that GHPs are far from the "global" endeavour that might be expected of global health and instead exhibit geographies that are far more representative of the geopolitics of overseas development assistance than biomedical need...
April 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376404/a-place-for-the-heart-a-journey-in-the-post-asylum-landscape-metaphors-and-materiality
#8
Inger Beate Larsen, Alain Topor
The downsizing of psychiatric hospitals has created a new institutional landscape in the local community to support people with severe mental problems in their daily living. This study explores meeting places in Norway from the users' perspectives. The users used four metaphors to describe these meeting places: "like a home", "like a family", "like a landing ground" and "like a trampoline". The users have decorated the interiors of the meeting places with hearts made from various materials, and these could be considered as symbols of the places...
April 1, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363132/separate-and-unequal-structural-racism-and-infant-mortality-in-the-us
#9
Maeve Wallace, Joia Crear-Perry, Lisa Richardson, Meshawn Tarver, Katherine Theall
We examined associations between state-level measures of structural racism and infant mortality among black and white populations across the US. Overall and race-specific infant mortality rates in each state were calculated from national linked birth and infant death records from 2010 to 2013. Structural racism in each state was characterized by racial inequity (ratio of black to white population estimates) in educational attainment, median household income, employment, imprisonment, and juvenile custody. Poisson regression with robust standard errors estimated infant mortality rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) associated with an IQR increase in indicators of structural racism overall and separately within black and white populations...
March 28, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359909/worries-weirdos-neighborhoods-and-knowing-people-a-qualitative-study-with-children-and-parents-regarding-children-s-independent-mobility
#10
S B Crawford, S K Bennetts, N J Hackworth, J Green, H Graesser, A R Cooklin, J Matthews, L Strazdins, S R Zubrick, F D'Esposito, J M Nicholson
This qualitative study involved focus groups with 132 children and 12 parents in primary and secondary schools in metropolitan and regional areas of Victoria, Australia, to explore experiences and perceptions of children's independent mobility. The study highlights the impact of family routines, neighborhood characteristics, social norms and reference points for decision making. Children reported a wider range of safety concerns than parents, including harm from strangers or traffic, bullying, or getting lost...
March 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359908/perception-of-safety-is-a-prerequisite-for-the-association-between-neighbourhood-green-qualities-and-physical-activity-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#11
Hanna Weimann, Lars Rylander, Matilda Annerstedt van den Bosch, Maria Albin, Erik Skärbäck, Patrik Grahn, Jonas Björk
In this study, we assess how the Scania Green Score (SGS5), and the five distinct perceived neighbourhood green dimensions within this area-aggregated index (1km(2) squares), is associated with self-reported physical activity and general health, and if perceived safety and social coherence has a moderating effect. Two independent surveys, both conducted in Scania, Sweden, was used for data on SGS5 and health outcomes (N=28 198 and N=23 693), respectively. SGS5 was more clearly associated with physical activity (OR 1...
March 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342425/how-neighborhoods-influence-health-lessons-to-be-learned-from-the-application-of-political-ecology
#12
Tendai Chitewere, Janet K Shim, Judith C Barker, Irene H Yen
This paper articulates how political ecology can be a useful tool for asking fundamental questions and applying relevant methods to investigate structures that impact relationship between neighborhood and health. Through a narrative analysis, we identify how political ecology can develop our future agendas for neighborhood-health research as it relates to social, political, environmental, and economic structures. Political ecology makes clear the connection between political economy and neighborhood by highlighting the historical and structural processes that produce and maintain social inequality, which affect health and well-being...
March 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342424/end-of-life-care-in-a-community-garden-findings-from-a-participatory-action-research-project-in-regional-australia
#13
Pauline Marsh, Gabrielle Gartrell, Gwen Egg, Andrew Nolan, Merylin Cross
This article presents findings from research that explored how a community garden might function as a place of end-of-life and bereavement support. Adopting Participatory Action Research (PAR) methods, and informed by Third Place theory and notions of therapeutic landscape, creative consultations were held in the Garden and people's homes. The findings provide insights into the nature of informal care as it is played out in the liminal garden space, between home and institution. The results illuminate the therapeutic landscape of community gardens, and contribute new understandings to the fields of PAR, health geography and end-of-life care...
March 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324796/individual-mental-health-life-course-events-and-dynamic-neighbourhood-change-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#14
Noli Brazil, William A V Clark
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324795/-they-treat-us-like-we-re-not-there-queer-bodies-and-the-social-production-of-healthcare-spaces
#15
Talia Meer, Alex Müller
There is significant literature demonstrating the interpenetrability of identity and space, yet there is almost no work that explores the co-production of queer identities and healthcare spaces. We use Lefebvre's triad of (social) space to explore how the social spaces of South African healthcare facilities shape and are shaped by queer service-users, drawing on data from interviews and focus group discussions with 29 queer service-users and 14 representatives of organisations. Findings reveal that healthcare spaces are produced by the spatial ordering of health policy inattentive to queer health needs; the enduring symbolic representations of queerness as pathological or 'un-African'; and various identity assertions and practices of individuals, including queer service-users and healthcare providers...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319858/identifying-adverse-effects-of-area-based-health-policy-an-ethnographic-study-of-a-deprived-neighbourhood-in-england
#16
Oli Williams
Health interventions commonly have adverse effects. Addressing these could significantly improve health outcomes. This paper addresses an adverse effect common in the promotion of health behaviours: exacerbation of health inequalities between low- and high-socioeconomic groups. Health behaviours - particularly, physical activity - are positioned within the context of social inequality and the inequitable spatial distribution of resources. Area-based health policy that targets deprived areas is assessed for its capacity to promote health behaviours without exacerbating inequality...
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319857/natural-environments-and-subjective-wellbeing-different-types-of-exposure-are-associated-with-different-aspects-of-wellbeing
#17
Mathew P White, Sabine Pahl, Benedict W Wheeler, Michael H Depledge, Lora E Fleming
Despite growing interest in the relationships between natural environments and subjective wellbeing (SWB), previous studies have various methodological and theoretical limitations. Focusing on urban/peri-urban residents (n=7272) from a nationally representative survey of the English population, we explored the relationships between three types of exposure: i) 'neighbourhood exposure', ii) 'visit frequency', and iii) 'specific visit'; and four components of SWB: i) evaluative, ii) eudaimonic, iii) positive experiential and iv) negative experiential...
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288445/the-effect-of-context-in-rural-mental-health-care-understanding-integrated-services-in-a-small-town
#18
Scott J Fitzpatrick, David Perkins, Teresa Luland, Dale Brown, Eamonn Corvan
Unequal health care outcomes for those with mental illness mean that access to integrated models is critical to supporting good physical and mental health care. This is especially so in rural areas where geographic and structural issues constrain the provision of health services. Guided by a conceptual framework about rural and remote health, this study draws on interviews with health providers and other staff and examines the dynamics of integrated primary and community-based specialist care for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses living in rural Australia...
March 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288444/associations-of-street-layout-with-walking-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-an-urban-and-a-rural-area-of-japan
#19
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka
We examined whether street layout -a key urban design element- is associated with walking and sedentary behaviors in the context of a non-Western country; and, whether such associations differ between an urban and a rural area. In 2011, 1076 middle-to-older aged adults living in an urban and a rural area of Japan reported their walking and sedentary (sitting) behaviors. Two objective measures of street layout (intersection density and street integration) were calculated. Participants exposed to more-connected street layouts were more likely to walk for commuting and for errands, to meet physical activity recommendations through walking for commuting, and less likely to drive...
March 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285185/global-health-from-the-outside-the-promise-of-place-based-research
#20
Abigail H Neely, Alex M Nading
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Health & Place
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