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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128719/bring-out-your-dead-a-study-of-income-inequality-and-life-expectancy-in-the-united-states-2000-2010
#1
Terrence D Hill, Andrew Jorgenson
We test whether income inequality undermines female and male life expectancy in the United States. We employ data for all 50 states and the District of Columbia and two-way fixed effects to model state-level average life expectancy as a function of multiple income inequality measures and time-varying characteristics. We find that state-level income inequality is inversely associated with female and male life expectancy. We observe this general pattern across four measures of income inequality and under the rigorous conditions of state-specific and year-specific fixed effects...
November 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121536/a-far-greater-sense-of-community-the-impact-of-volunteer-behaviour-on-the-wellness-of-rural-older-australians
#2
Jeni Warburton, Rachel Winterton
This paper builds on place-based research investigating the transformative potential of volunteering for service-deprived, ageing rural communities. Here, we critically explore the relationship between communities of place, voluntarism and wellness for rural older Australians. We draw on data from a large qualitative multi-site study, and utilise Ryan et al.'s (2005) systemic model of community attachment. Findings support the dual perspective of strong community sentiments through social embeddedness in rural communities; and personal interests, associated with rational choice theory, through healthy ageing practices...
November 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073482/care-farms-as-a-space-of-wellbeing-for-people-with-a-learning-disability-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Suzanne Rotheram, Sarah McGarrol, Francine Watkins
People with a learning disability in the UK are increasingly choosing to spend their time on 'care farms' but there is limited research examining these spaces from their perspective. A qualitative research design was used to ask eighteen of these clients how care farms contributed to their health and wellbeing. For these participants care farms can be understood, using Fleuret and Atkinson's (2007) framework, as a 'space of wellbeing' and as a positive and life-enhancing space. Positive language was used by participants to describe the farms contrasting with ne gative language describing other spaces and activities...
October 23, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055266/geographical-inequalities-in-health-in-a-time-of-austerity-baseline-findings-from-the-stockton-on-tees-cohort-study
#4
R Bhandari, A Kasim, J Warren, N Akhter, C Bambra
Stockton-on-Tees has the highest geographical inequalities in health in England with the life expectancy at birth gap between the most and deprived neighbourhoods standing at over 17 years for men and 11 years for women. In this study, we provide the first detailed empirical examination of this geographical health divide by: estimating the gap in physical and general health (as measured by EQ. 5D, EQ. 5D-VAS and SF8PCS) between the most and least deprived areas; using a novel statistical technique to examining the causal role of compositional and contextual factors and their interaction; and doing so in a time of economic recession and austerity...
October 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031108/accessibility-of-fast-food-outlets-is-associated-with-fast-food-intake-a-study-in-the-capital-region-of-denmark
#5
Kamille Almer Bernsdorf, Cathrine Juel Lau, Anne Helms Andreasen, Ulla Toft, Maja Lykke, Charlotte Glümer
Literature suggests that people living in areas with a wealth of unhealthy fast food options may show higher levels of fast food intake. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association between GIS-located fast food outlets (FFOs) and self-reported fast food intake among adults (+ 16 years) in the Capital Region of Denmark (N = 48,305). Accessibility of FFOs was measured both as proximity (distance to nearest FFO) and density (number of FFOs within a 1km network buffer around home)...
October 11, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024907/relationship-between-the-neighbourhood-built-environment-and-early-child-development
#6
Hayley Christian, Stephen J Ball, Stephen R Zubrick, Sally Brinkman, Gavin Turrell, Bryan Boruff, Sarah Foster
The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain...
October 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024906/walkability-complete-streets-and-gender-who-benefits-most
#7
Wyatt A Jensen, Tammy K Stump, Barbara B Brown, Carol M Werner, Ken R Smith
Does street walkability and a new complete street renovation relate to street use and gender composition? We audited two mixed-walkability complete streets ("complete less-urban" and "complete-urban"), one low-walkable street, and one high-walkable street at pre-renovation and twice post-renovation. Complete street users increased, especially for the complete-less urban street. Typically, the high-walkable street attracted the most and the low-walkable street attracted the fewest total people, males, and females; complete streets were in between...
October 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987650/the-effects-of-air-pollution-on-individual-psychological-distress
#8
Victoria Sass, Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz, Steven M Karceski, Anjum Hajat, Kyle Crowder, David Takeuchi
This study is the first of its kind to utilize longitudinal, nationally representative panel data from the United States to assess the relationship between exposure to air pollution and reports of psychological distress. Using annual-average measures of air pollution in respondents' census blocks of residence we find that over the period 1999-2011 particulate matter 2.5 is significantly associated with increased psychological distress; this association remains even after controlling for a robust set of demographic, socioeconomic, and health-related covariates...
October 4, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942343/public-green-spaces-and-positive-mental-health-investigating-the-relationship-between-access-quantity-and-types-of-parks-and-mental-wellbeing
#9
Lisa Wood, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster, Fiona Bull
Associations between parks and mental health have typically been investigated in relation to the presence or absence of mental illness. This study uses a validated measure of positive mental health and data from RESIDential Environments (RESIDE) Project to investigate the association between the presence, amount and attributes of public green space in new greenfield neighbourhood developments and the mental health of local residents (n = 492). Both the overall number and total area of public green spaces were significantly associated with greater mental wellbeing, and findings support a dose-response relationship...
September 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941843/antibiotic-optimisation-in-the-bush-local-know-how-and-core-periphery-relations
#10
Alexander Broom, Jennifer Broom, Emma Kirby, Alexandra Gibson, Mark Davis
The growing global concern around antimicrobial mis-use and proliferating resistance has resulted in increasing interest in optimising antibiotics, particularly in hospitals. While the agenda to tighten antibiotic use has been critically explored in metropolitan settings, the dynamics of rural and remote settings have remained largely unexplored. Drawing on 30 interviews with doctors, nurses, and pharmacists in a remote Australian hospital, we focus on the pertinence of setting, and its importance for contextualising and potentially achieving antibiotic optimisation...
September 20, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934636/museum-based-programs-for-socially-isolated-older-adults-understanding-what-works
#11
Carolyn Todd, Paul M Camic, Bridget Lockyer, Linda J M Thomson, Helen J Chatterjee
This paper presents research findings that help to understand how museum programs created opportunities to enhance wellbeing and health, and changed experiences of social isolation in older adults. The research conceptualized how program elements enabled both individual experiences and relational processes to occur. These components operated within a context that was enriched by the museum as a place to support wellbeing and enhance social interaction. To meaningfully support socially isolated older people as part of local public health strategies, museums need to be accessible and engaging places that purposively support social interaction by involving people and objects, participating in multiple sessions over time, that are facilitated by skilled and knowledgeable staff...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934635/community-social-support-as-a-protective-factor-against-suicide-a-gender-specific-ecological-study-of-75-regions-of-23-european-countries
#12
Nuša Zadravec Šedivy, Tina Podlogar, David C R Kerr, Diego De Leo
By studying differences in suicide rates among different geographical regions one may identify factors connected to suicidal behaviour on a regional level. Many studies have focused on risk factors, whereas less is known about protective factors, such as social support. Using suicide rates and data from the European Social Survey (ESS) we explore the association between regional level social support indicator and suicide rates in 23 European countries in 2012. Linear multiple regression analyses using region as the unit of analysis revealed inverse relationships between mean respondent valuing of social support and suicide rates for both genders, with some indication of a stronger relationship among men...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#13
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892746/urban-social-exclusion-and-mental-health-of-china-s-rural-urban-migrants-a-review-and-call-for-research
#14
REVIEW
Jie Li, Nikolas Rose
China's internal rural-urban migrants experience social exclusion that may have significant mental health implications. This has historically been exacerbated by the hukou system. Echoing recent calls for interdisciplinary research on the interdependencies of urbanization and mental health, this review examines evidence of rural-urban migrants' mental health status in comparison with nonmigrants and its association with various dimensions of social exclusion. We found conflicting evidence on the mental health status of migrants in comparison with nonmigrants, but strong evidence that social exclusion is negatively associated with migrants' mental health: limited access to full labour rights and experience of social stigma, discrimination and inequity were the most significant factors...
September 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889043/photovoicing-the-neighbourhood-understanding-the-situated-meaning-of-intangible-places-for-ageing-in-place
#15
Susan van Hees, Klasien Horstman, Maria Jansen, Dirk Ruwaard
Ageing-in-place is considered important for the health of older adults. In this paper, inspired by a constructivist approach to ageing-in-place, we unravel professionals' and older adults' constructions of ageing-in-place. Their perspectives are studied in relation to a policy that aims to develop so-called 'lifecycle-robust neighbourhoods' in the southern part of the Netherlands. We conducted a photovoice study in which 18 older adults (70-85 years) living independently and 14 professionals (social workers, housing consultants, neighbourhood managers and community workers) were asked to photograph and discuss the places they consider important for ageing-in-place...
September 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888131/health-of-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-canada-and-the-united-states-differential-selection-on-health
#16
Yao Lu, Neeraj Kaushal, Nicole Denier, Julia Shu-Huah Wang
Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries...
September 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888890/spatial-variations-and-determinants-of-infant-and-under-five-mortality-in-bangladesh
#17
Oliver Gruebner, Mmh Khan, Katrin Burkart, Sven Lautenbach, Tobia Lakes, Alexander Krämer, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
Reducing child mortality is a Sustainable Development Goal yet to be achieved by many low-income countries. We applied a subnational and spatial approach based on publicly available datasets and identified permanent insolvency, urbanicity, and malaria endemicity as factors associated with child mortality. We further detected spatial clusters in the east of Bangladesh and noted Sylhet and Jamalpur as those districts that need immediate attention to reduce child mortality. Our approach is transferable to other regions in comparable settings worldwide and may guide future studies to identify subnational regions in need for public health attention...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886441/place-and-recovery-from-alcohol-dependence-a-journey-through-photovoice
#18
Niamk K Shortt, Sarah J Rhynas, Aisha Holloway
It has been suggested that place, and interaction with the environment, may play a role in recovery from alcohol dependence. In this paper we report findings from a project that used an adapted photovoice methodology to better understand individuals' experience and perceptions of the role of place in recovery from alcohol dependence. Individuals attending a recovery café in central Scotland documented their environment and, in focus group settings, the individuals discussed and analysed their photographs. Here we report aspects of the environment, both therapeutic and risky, experienced by individuals negotiating the journey of dependence recovery...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886440/pills-in-paradise-exploring-international-lifestyle-and-retirement-migrants-perceptions-of-the-pharmaceutical-sector-on-cozumel-island-mexico
#19
Leon Hoffman, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
International lifestyle and retirement migration is a growing phenomenon, yet little is known about migrants' experiences of health care in destination countries. This includes use of and access to pharmaceutical selling establishments. This article explores international lifestyle and retirement migrants' experiences and perceptions of the local pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Qualitative data, collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 26), finds that participants are concerned with accessibility, quality and communication within the island's pharmaceutical sector...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881229/a-flow-based-statistical-model-integrating-spatial-and-nonspatial-dimensions-to-measure-healthcare-access
#20
Jia-Hong Tang, Yen-Hui Chiu, Po-Huang Chiang, Ming-Daw Su, Ta-Chien Chan
Assessing access to healthcare for an entire healthcare system involves accounting for demand, supply, and geographic variation. In order to capture the interaction between healthcare services and populations, various measures of healthcare access have been utilized, including the popular two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method. However, despite the many advantages of 2SFCA, the problems, such as inappropriate assumption of healthcare demand and failure to capture cascading effects across the system have not been satisfactorily addressed...
September 2017: Health & Place
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