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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934636/museum-based-programs-for-socially-isolated-older-adults-understanding-what-works
#1
Carolyn Todd, Paul M Camic, Bridget Lockyer, Linda J M Thomson, Helen J Chatterjee
This paper presents research findings that help to understand how museum programs created opportunities to enhance wellbeing and health, and changed experiences of social isolation in older adults. The research conceptualized how program elements enabled both individual experiences and relational processes to occur. These components operated within a context that was enriched by the museum as a place to support wellbeing and enhance social interaction. To meaningfully support socially isolated older people as part of local public health strategies, museums need to be accessible and engaging places that purposively support social interaction by involving people and objects, participating in multiple sessions over time, that are facilitated by skilled and knowledgeable staff...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934635/community-social-support-as-a-protective-factor-against-suicide-a-gender-specific-ecological-study-of-75-regions-of-23-european-countries
#2
Nuša Zadravec Šedivy, Tina Podlogar, David C R Kerr, Diego De Leo
By studying differences in suicide rates among different geographical regions one may identify factors connected to suicidal behaviour on a regional level. Many studies have focused on risk factors, whereas less is known about protective factors, such as social support. Using suicide rates and data from the European Social Survey (ESS) we explore the association between regional level social support indicator and suicide rates in 23 European countries in 2012. Linear multiple regression analyses using region as the unit of analysis revealed inverse relationships between mean respondent valuing of social support and suicide rates for both genders, with some indication of a stronger relationship among men...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#3
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892746/urban-social-exclusion-and-mental-health-of-china-s-rural-urban-migrants-a-review-and-call-for-research
#4
REVIEW
Jie Li, Nikolas Rose
China's internal rural-urban migrants experience social exclusion that may have significant mental health implications. This has historically been exacerbated by the hukou system. Echoing recent calls for interdisciplinary research on the interdependencies of urbanization and mental health, this review examines evidence of rural-urban migrants' mental health status in comparison with nonmigrants and its association with various dimensions of social exclusion. We found conflicting evidence on the mental health status of migrants in comparison with nonmigrants, but strong evidence that social exclusion is negatively associated with migrants' mental health: limited access to full labour rights and experience of social stigma, discrimination and inequity were the most significant factors...
September 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889043/photovoicing-the-neighbourhood-understanding-the-situated-meaning-of-intangible-places-for-ageing-in-place
#5
Susan van Hees, Klasien Horstman, Maria Jansen, Dirk Ruwaard
Ageing-in-place is considered important for the health of older adults. In this paper, inspired by a constructivist approach to ageing-in-place, we unravel professionals' and older adults' constructions of ageing-in-place. Their perspectives are studied in relation to a policy that aims to develop so-called 'lifecycle-robust neighbourhoods' in the southern part of the Netherlands. We conducted a photovoice study in which 18 older adults (70-85 years) living independently and 14 professionals (social workers, housing consultants, neighbourhood managers and community workers) were asked to photograph and discuss the places they consider important for ageing-in-place...
September 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888131/health-of-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-canada-and-the-united-states-differential-selection-on-health
#6
Yao Lu, Neeraj Kaushal, Nicole Denier, Julia Shu-Huah Wang
Canada and the U.S. are two major immigrant-receiving countries characterized by different immigration policies and health care systems. The present study examines whether immigrant health selection, or the "healthy immigrant effect", differs by destination and what factors may account for differences in immigrant health selection. We use 12 years of U.S. National Health Interview Survey and Canadian Community Health Survey data to compare the risks of overweight/obesity and chronic health conditions among new immigrants in the two countries...
September 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689134/was-mackenbach-right-towards-a-practical-political-science-of-redistribution-and-health-inequalities
#7
Ted Schrecker
In 2010, Mackenbach reflected on England's lack of success in reducing health inequalities between 1997 and 2010, asserting that "it is difficult to imagine a longer window of opportunity for tackling health inequalities"; asking "[i]f this did not work, what will?"; and concluding that reducing health inequalities was not politically feasible at least in that jurisdiction. Exploring the empirics of that observation offers a window into the politics of reducing health inequalities. For purposes of future comparative research, I outline three (not mutually exclusive) perspectives on political feasibility, identify their implications for a political science of health inequalities, and explore what they mean for advocacy in support of reducing those inequalities...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686999/school-poverty-effects-on-trajectories-of-child-behaviour-do-they-depend-on-gender-and-ethnicity
#8
Emily Midouhas
This study examined English school poverty effects on trajectories of child behaviour across ages 3, 5, 7 and 11, and the moderating roles of ethnicity and gender. School poverty predicted internalising and externalising problems concurrently, and internalising problems longitudinally. In poor schools, girls had a steeper incline in internalising problems, but made greater reductions in externalising problems. Ethnic differences were also found in the association between school poverty and child adjustment...
July 4, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672147/children-s-exposure-to-alcohol-marketing-within-supermarkets-an-objective-analysis-using-gps-technology-and-wearable-cameras
#9
T Chambers, A L Pearson, J Stanley, M Smith, M Barr, C Ni Mhurchu, L Signal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Exposure to alcohol marketing within alcohol retailers has been associated with higher rates of childhood drinking, brand recognition, and marketing recall. This study aimed to objectively measure children's everyday exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets. METHOD: Children aged 11-13 (n = 167) each wore a wearable camera and GPS device for four consecutive days. Micro-spatial analyses were used to examine exposures within supermarkets...
June 30, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666236/do-greener-areas-promote-more-equitable-child-health
#10
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
Several recent studies have suggested that people in socioeconomically disadvantaged circumstances may benefit more from local green space ('equigenesis'). This study provides a test of this hypothesis in children aged 0-13 years old. Results from multilevel models suggest the odds of sub-optimal general health were 14% lower among children in areas containing >21.5% green space compared to those with <10%. Higher parent-reported quality green space was associated with 18% lower odds of sub-optimal child health...
June 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666235/how-do-moving-and-other-major-life-events-impact-mental-health-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-uk-children
#11
Tim Morris, David Manley, Kate Northstone, Clive E Sabel
Research has suggested that children who move home report poorer mental health than those who remain residentially stable. However, many previous studies have been based on cross sectional data and have failed to consider major life events as confounders. This study uses longitudinal data from ALSPAC, a UK population based birth cohort study, and employs within-between random effect models to decompose the association between moving in childhood and poor mental health. Results suggest that while unobserved between-individual differences between mobile and non-mobile children account for a large portion of this association, within-individual differences remain and indicate that moving may have a detrimental impact upon subsequent mental health...
June 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888890/spatial-variations-and-determinants-of-infant-and-under-five-mortality-in-bangladesh
#12
Oliver Gruebner, Mmh Khan, Katrin Burkart, Sven Lautenbach, Tobia Lakes, Alexander Krämer, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
Reducing child mortality is a Sustainable Development Goal yet to be achieved by many low-income countries. We applied a subnational and spatial approach based on publicly available datasets and identified permanent insolvency, urbanicity, and malaria endemicity as factors associated with child mortality. We further detected spatial clusters in the east of Bangladesh and noted Sylhet and Jamalpur as those districts that need immediate attention to reduce child mortality. Our approach is transferable to other regions in comparable settings worldwide and may guide future studies to identify subnational regions in need for public health attention...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886441/place-and-recovery-from-alcohol-dependence-a-journey-through-photovoice
#13
Niamk K Shortt, Sarah J Rhynas, Aisha Holloway
It has been suggested that place, and interaction with the environment, may play a role in recovery from alcohol dependence. In this paper we report findings from a project that used an adapted photovoice methodology to better understand individuals' experience and perceptions of the role of place in recovery from alcohol dependence. Individuals attending a recovery café in central Scotland documented their environment and, in focus group settings, the individuals discussed and analysed their photographs. Here we report aspects of the environment, both therapeutic and risky, experienced by individuals negotiating the journey of dependence recovery...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886440/pills-in-paradise-exploring-international-lifestyle-and-retirement-migrants-perceptions-of-the-pharmaceutical-sector-on-cozumel-island-mexico
#14
Leon Hoffman, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
International lifestyle and retirement migration is a growing phenomenon, yet little is known about migrants' experiences of health care in destination countries. This includes use of and access to pharmaceutical selling establishments. This article explores international lifestyle and retirement migrants' experiences and perceptions of the local pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island, Mexico. Qualitative data, collected through semi-structured interviews (n = 26), finds that participants are concerned with accessibility, quality and communication within the island's pharmaceutical sector...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881229/a-flow-based-statistical-model-integrating-spatial-and-nonspatial-dimensions-to-measure-healthcare-access
#15
Jia-Hong Tang, Yen-Hui Chiu, Po-Huang Chiang, Ming-Daw Su, Ta-Chien Chan
Assessing access to healthcare for an entire healthcare system involves accounting for demand, supply, and geographic variation. In order to capture the interaction between healthcare services and populations, various measures of healthcare access have been utilized, including the popular two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method. However, despite the many advantages of 2SFCA, the problems, such as inappropriate assumption of healthcare demand and failure to capture cascading effects across the system have not been satisfactorily addressed...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813690/deep-coal-mining-and-meningococcal-meningitis-in-england-and-wales-1931-38-ecological-study-with-implications-for-deep-shaft-mining-activities-worldwide
#16
Matthew R Smallman-Raynor, Andrew D Cliff
The hypothesized role of deep coal mining in the development of community-based outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis has gone largely unexplored. Taking the coalfields of Britain as a historical testbed, techniques of linear and binomial logistic regression were used to assess the association between meningococcal meningitis rates and male occupation rates for coal mining in England and Wales during the national epidemic of 1931-32 and in its aftermath. Adjusting for the epidemiological effects of age, residential density, recent changes in the number of families, housing stock and low social class, the analysis yielded evidence of a significant and positive association between coal mining occupation rates and notified levels of meningitis activity in the epidemic period...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802872/smoking-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-ontario-canada-does-the-school-neighbourhood-matter
#17
Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Robert E Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy E J Faulkner
This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of cigarette smoking and binge-drinking among Ontario high school students. The 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey provides data on self-reported smoking and drinking, individual covariates and subjective socio-economic status for 6142 students (grades 9-12) in Ontario, Canada. Locations of schools were geocoded and 1.6km network buffers defined the school neighbourhoods. Multi-level logistic regression examines individual and school neighbourhood factors with smoking and binge drinking as the dependent variable...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800476/neighborhood-heterogeneity-in-health-and-well-being-among-the-elderly-in-india-evidence-from-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#18
Arpita Ghosh, Christopher Millett, S V Subramanian, Santanu Pramanik
We establish a rationale for a multilevel approach in examining health among older adults. Using data on a nationally representative sample of 6560 Indian adults aged 50 years and older, we examine the extent of contextual variation between neighborhoods, after accounting for the compositional effect of individuals' background characteristics, across multiple dimensions of elderly health. The variance apportioned to neighborhoods in null intercept-only models varied widely across different health outcomes examined in the elderly - while neighborhoods accounted for only 4% of the total variation in high blood pressure at exam, 23% of the total variation in self-rated poor quality of life could be attributed to neighborhood-level differences...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797903/not-all-built-the-same-a-comparative-study-of-electoral-systems-and-population-health
#19
Andrew C Patterson
Much literature depicts a worldwide democratic advantage in population health. However, less research compares health outcomes in the different kinds of democracy or autocracy. In an examination of 179 countries as they existed between 1975 and 2012, advantages in life expectancy and infant health appear most reliably for democracies that include the principle of proportional representation in their electoral rules. Compared to closed autocracies, they had up to 12 or more years of life expectancy on average, 75% less infant mortality, and double the savings in overall mortality for most other age groups...
September 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778036/healthy-urban-living-residential-environment-and-health-of-older-adults-in-shanghai
#20
Yafei Liu, Martin Dijst, Jan Faber, Stan Geertman, Can Cui
A healthy residential environment, especially for older adults, has emerged as an important issue on political and planning agenda in China. This paper aims to investigate the direct and indirect impact of residential environment on the health of older adults in Shanghai, taking into account health-related behaviours, subjective well-being and socio-demographic factors in one comprehensive conceptual model. Our results show that the residential environment is associated with older adults' health directly, and also indirectly through a series of significant behavioural (physical and social activities) and perceptual (subjective well-being) factors...
September 2017: Health & Place
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