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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914271/individual-exposure-estimates-may-be-erroneous-when-spatiotemporal-variability-of-air-pollution-and-human-mobility-are-ignored
#1
Yoo Min Park, Mei-Po Kwan
This study aims to empirically demonstrate the necessity to consider both the spatiotemporal variability of air pollution and individual daily movement patterns in exposure and health risk assessment. It compares four different types of exposure estimates generated by using (1) individual movement data and hourly air pollution concentrations; (2) individual movement data and daily average air pollution data; (3) residential location and hourly pollution levels; and (4) residential location and daily average pollution data...
November 30, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903417/running-health-and-the-disciplining-of-women-s-bodies-the-influence-of-technology-and-nature
#2
Jo Little
This paper explores the relationship between health, the body and exercise through an examination of women's running practices. Drawing on a series of original interviews with women it shows how running reflects anxieties about health and the unruly body and how running practices are firmly linked to ideas about body size and shape and to the 'ghosts' of potential, future illness. The paper then explores the ways in which running practices are shaped by attitudes to technology and by the relationship between nature, environment and the body...
November 28, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902960/optimising-measurement-of-health-related-characteristics-of-the-built-environment-comparing-data-collected-by-foot-based-street-audits-virtual-street-audits-and-routine-secondary-data-sources
#3
Triantafyllos Pliakas, Sophie Hawkesworth, Richard J Silverwood, Kiran Nanchahal, Chris Grundy, Ben Armstrong, Juan Pablo Casas, Richard W Morris, Paul Wilkinson, Karen Lock
The role of the neighbourhood environment in influencing health behaviours continues to be an important topic in public health research and policy. Foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and secondary data sources are widespread data collection methods used to objectively measure the built environment in environment-health association studies. We compared these three methods using data collected in a nationally representative epidemiological study in 17 British towns to inform future development of research tools...
November 27, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898313/wellbeing-in-the-aftermath-of-floods
#4
Kate Walker-Springett, Catherine Butler, W Neil Adger
The interactions between flood events, their aftermath, and recovery leading to health and wellbeing outcomes for individuals are complex, and the pathways and mechanisms through which wellbeing is affected are often hidden and remain under-researched. This study analyses the diverse processes that explain changes in wellbeing for those experiencing flooding. It identifies key pathways to wellbeing outcomes that concern perceptions of lack of agency, dislocation from home, and disrupted futures inducing negative impacts, with offsetting positive effects through community networks and interactions...
November 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898312/effects-of-living-near-a-new-urban-motorway-on-the-travel-behaviour-of-local-residents-in-deprived-areas-evidence-from-a-natural-experimental-study
#5
Louise Foley, Richard Prins, Fiona Crawford, Shannon Sahlqvist, David Ogilvie
We evaluated the effects of a new motorway built through deprived neighbourhoods on travel behaviour in residents. This natural experiment comprised a longitudinal cohort (n=365) and two cross-sectional samples (baseline n=980; follow-up n=978) recruited in 2005 and 2013. Adults from one of three study areas - surrounding the new motorway (South), an existing motorway (East), or no motorway (North) - completed a previous day travel record. Adjusted two-part regression models examined associations between exposure and outcome...
November 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898311/premature-mortality-resilience-and-wellbeing-within-urban-m%C3%A4-ori-communities
#6
Andrew M Waa, Amber L Pearson, John L Ryks
Māori (the indigenous peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand) experience of colonisation has negatively affected access to many of the resources (e.g. income, adequate housing) that enable health and well-being. However Māori have actively responded to the challenges they have faced. With the majority of the Māori population now living in urban settings this exploratory study aimed to understand factors contributing to mortality resilience despite exposure to socio-economic adversity with reference to Māori well-being...
November 26, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894846/maintaining-physical-exercise-as-a-matter-of-synchronising-practices-experiences-and-observations-from-training-in-mixed-martial-arts
#7
Stanley Blue
This paper is concerned with the establishment, maintenance, and decline of physical exercise practices. Drawing on experiences and observations taken from a carnal ethnography and rhythmanalysis of the practices involved in training in Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), I argue that maintaining this physical exercise practice is not straightforwardly an outcome of individual commitment, access to facilities, or the availability of free time. It rather depends on the synchronisation of practices: those of MMA, those that support MMA, and those that more broadly make up everyday life...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894018/managing-mosquito-spaces-citizen-self-governance-of-disease-vectors-in-a-desert-landscape
#8
Nicolena vonHedemann, Paul Robbins, Melinda K Butterworth, Katheryn Landau, Cory W Morin
Public health agencies' strategies to control disease vectors have increasingly included "soft" mosquito management programs that depend on citizen education and changing homeowner behaviors. In an effort to understand public responses to such campaigns, this research assesses the case of Tucson, Arizona, where West Nile virus presents a serious health risk and where management efforts have focused on public responsibility for mosquito control. Using surveys, interviews, and focus groups, we conclude that citizens have internalized responsibilities for mosquito management but also expect public management of parks and waterways while tending to reject the state's interference with privately owned parcels...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894017/the-regional-geography-of-alcohol-consumption-in-england-comparing-drinking-frequency-and-binge-drinking
#9
Javier Malda Castillo, Stephen Jivraj, Linda Ng Fat
Alcohol consumption frequency and volume are known to be related to health problems among drinkers. Most of the existing literature that analyses regional variation in drinking behaviour uses measures of consumption that relate only to volume, such as 'binge drinking'. This study compares the regional association of alcohol consumption using measures of drinking frequency (daily drinking) and volume (binge drinking) using a nationally representative sample of residents using the Health Survey for England, 2011-2013...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894016/adolescents-who-engage-in-active-school-transport-are-also-more-active-in-other-contexts-a-space-time-investigation
#10
Tom Stewart, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn
BACKGROUND: Although active school travel (AST) is important for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), it is unclear how AST is related to context-specific physical activity and non-school travel. This study investigated how school travel is related to physical activity and travel behaviours across time- and space-classified domains. METHODS: A total of 196 adolescents wore a Global Positioning System receiver and an accelerometer for 7 days...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894015/examining-associations-between-area-level-spatial-measures-of-housing-with-selected-health-and-wellbeing-behaviours-and-outcomes-in-an-urban-context
#11
Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Rebecca Bentley, Carl Higgs, Rebecca Roberts, Christopher Pettit, Billie Giles-Corti
Adequate and affordable housing is a major social determinant of health; yet no work has attempted to conceptually map and spatially test area-level measures of housing with selected health and wellbeing outcomes. Sourcing data from 7,753 adults from Melbourne, Australia, we tested associations between area-level measures of housing density, tenure, and affordability with individual-level measures of neighbourhood safety, community satisfaction, and self-rated health. Compared with the reference groups, the odds of: feeling unsafe was higher for residents living in areas with less affordable housing; community dissatisfaction was ~30% higher in those living in areas with >36% residential properties assigned as rentals, and was significantly higher in the least affordable areas (OR =1...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888689/negotiating-and-valuing-spaces-the-discourse-of-space-and-home-in-care-homes
#12
Andrea Kenkmann, Fiona Poland, Diane Burns, Paula Hyde, Anne Killett
This paper examines how space in care homes is experienced and negotiated by people who live and work in them. The analysis of qualitative data of five in-depth case studies of care homes in England revealed three key ways in which space is negotiated: a) the way in which values affect interactions inside versus outside the care home environment, b) the negotiation of boundaries and domains within the homes, and c) the sense of being at 'home'. The paper illuminates how the design of the buildings and organisational factors can reinforce or bridge dichotomies between inside and outside spaces...
November 23, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886591/gambling-machine-annexes-as-enabling-spaces-for-addictive-engagement
#13
Peter J Adams, Janine Wiles
The widespread proliferation of electronic gambling machines and improvements to their design have contributed to rising levels of gambling-related harm including harms associated with addictive behaviour and other impacts on health and wellbeing. Research into their addictive potential has focused mainly on the interface between gamblers and the machines themselves. We shift the focus onto the spatial contexts, the rooms and the venues, in which gambling machines are positioned. By examining a series of common layouts we identify the division of venues into two main areas: one for the main social activities of the venue (the "main hall") and the other a partitioned area (the "annex") in which gambling machines are tightly clumped in ways that discourage social interaction...
November 22, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751679/swimming-in-a-contained-space-understanding-the-experience-of-indoor-lap-swimmers
#14
Miranda Ward
Drawing on ethnographic work, this paper explores the convergence of bodies, materialities and practices found at the indoor swimming pool - a space that has not often been the subject of geographical study, in spite of the fact that swimming is one of the most popular forms of exercise in countries such as the UK. The paper focuses on the "contained" nature of the indoor pool environment, examining the distinct experience this can create for lap swimmers. This focus is placed in the context of a broader politics of exercise, with an emphasis on the popularity and potential benefits of swimming, as well as less encouraging facts about participation and facility provision, suggesting that in order to encourage further uptake of swimming and preservation of swimming facilities the voices and experiences of regular swimmers should be considered...
October 15, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771443/the-interaction-between-physical-activity-and-obesity-gene-variants-in-association-with-bmi-does-the-obesogenic-environment-matter
#15
M Graff, A S Richardson, K L Young, A L Mazul, Heather Highland, K E North, K L Mohlke, L A Lange, E M Lange, K M Harris, P Gordon-Larsen
Little is known about how obesity susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) interact with moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in relation to BMI during adolescence, once obesogenic neighborhood factors are accounted for. In race stratified models, including European (EA; N=4977), African (AA; N=1726), and Hispanic Americans (HA; N=1270) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (1996; ages 12-21), we assessed the evidence for a SNPxMVPA interaction with BMI-for-age Z score, once accounting for obesogenic neighborhood factors including physical activity amenities, transportation and recreation infrastructure, poverty and crime...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770671/structural-inequalities-drive-late-hiv-diagnosis-the-role-of-black-racial-concentration-income-inequality-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-hiv-testing
#16
Yusuf Ransome, Ichiro Kawachi, Sarah Braunstein, Denis Nash
In the United States, research is limited on the mechanisms that link socioeconomic and structural factors to HIV diagnosis outcomes. We tested whether neighborhood income inequality, socioeconomic deprivation, and black racial concentration were associated with gender-specific rates of HIV in the advanced stages of AIDS (i.e., late HIV diagnosis). We then examined whether HIV testing prevalence and accessibility mediated any of the associations above. Neighborhoods with highest (relative to lowest) black racial concentration had higher relative risk of late HIV diagnosis among men (RR=1...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770670/three-modes-of-power-operation-understanding-doctor-patient-conflicts-in-china-s-hospital-therapeutic-landscapes
#17
Peiling Zhou, Sue C Grady
Doctor-patient conflicts in contemporary China are increasing in numbers and severity. This health geographic study shows how hospitals as a type of therapeutic landscape can shape doctor-patient relationships. First, the comprehensive nature of therapeutic landscapes with an emphasis on power operation within symbolic environments is provided as a framework for this study. Second, the results from participant observation and interviews with patients and doctors previously involved in conflicts are reported from Internal Medicine and Surgery Departments, within four hospitals in Anhui Province, Eastern China...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770669/e-cigarette-use-among-students-and-e-cigarette-specialty-retailer-presence-near-schools
#18
Georgiana Bostean, Catherine M Crespi, Patsornkarn Vorapharuek, William J McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between presence of e-cigarette specialty retailers near schools and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students in Orange County (OC), CA. METHODS: The OC subsample of the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey (N=67,701) was combined with geocoded e-cigarette retailers to determine whether a retailer was present within one-quarter mile of each public school in OC. Multilevel logistic regression models evaluated individual-level and school-level e-cigarette use correlates among middle and high school students...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770668/the-impact-of-neighborhood-social-capital-on-life-satisfaction-and-self-rated-health-a-possible-pathway-for-health-promotion
#19
Ruca Maass, Christian A Kloeckner, Bengt Lindstrøm, Monica Lillefjell
Neighborhood social capital has repeatedly been linked to favorable health-outcomes and life satisfaction. However, it has been questioned whether it's impact on health has been over-rated. We aim to investigate relationships between neighborhood social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and life satisfaction (LS) respectively, both directly and indirectly mediated via Sense of Coherence and self-esteem. Based on a cross-sectional population-survey (N=865) in a medium size Norwegian municipality, we specified a structural equation model (SEM) including the above-listed variables, while controlling for gender, age, education, income, and employment status...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755999/older-adult-social-participation-and-its-relationship-with-health-rural-urban-differences
#20
Eric M Vogelsang
In an aging world, there is increased need to identify places and characteristics of places that promote health among older adults. This study examines whether there are rural-urban differences in older adult social participation and its relationship with health. Using the 2003 and 2011 waves of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (n=3006), I find that older adults living in rural counties are less socially active than their counterparts in more-urban counties. I also find that relationships between social participation and health vary by the type of activity and rural-urban context...
November 2016: Health & Place
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