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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711859/associations-between-multiple-green-space-measures-and-birth-weight-across-two-us-cities
#1
Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E Carozza, Perry Hystad
INTRODUCTION: Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807)...
July 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692955/ethnic-density-and-risk-of-mental-ill-health-the-case-of-religious-sectarianism-in-northern-ireland-a-population-data-linkage-study
#2
Tania J Bosqui, Aideen Maguire, Anne Kouvonen, David Wright, Michael Donnelly, Dermot O'Reilly
An ethnic group that lives in a neighbourhood in which it is in the minority, termed 'lower ethnic density,' tends to report a higher incidence of mental ill-health. This population-based study investigated for the first time the existence of an own-group density effect among Catholic and Protestant communities in Northern Ireland. The entire Northern Ireland born Catholic and Protestant working age (n = 1, 004,060) enumerated population in the 2011 Census of Northern Ireland were included in the study via administrative data-linkage methodology...
July 7, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689134/was-mackenbach-right-towards-a-practical-political-science-of-redistribution-and-health-inequalities
#3
Ted Schrecker
In 2010, Mackenbach reflected on England's lack of success in reducing health inequalities between 1997 and 2010, asserting that "it is difficult to imagine a longer window of opportunity for tackling health inequalities"; asking "[i]f this did not work, what will?"; and concluding that reducing health inequalities was not politically feasible at least in that jurisdiction. Exploring the empirics of that observation offers a window into the politics of reducing health inequalities. For purposes of future comparative research, I outline three (not mutually exclusive) perspectives on political feasibility, identify their implications for a political science of health inequalities, and explore what they mean for advocacy in support of reducing those inequalities...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688317/smelling-therapeutic-landscapes-embodied-encounters-within-spaces-of-care-farming
#4
Richard Gorman
The conceptual framework of 'therapeutic landscapes' has been used as a means of considering the significance of specific environments, spaces, and places for aspects of health. Building on a growing attention to the sensory elements of spaces of health and wellbeing, this article mobilises empirical research on 'care farming' practices to discuss how smellscapes come to be crucial in fulfilling anticipations, imaginations, and expectations of a 'therapeutic space'. This article highlights how embodied relationships with specific scents can constitute a therapeutic encounter with place, actively influencing practices and engagement with(in) place, and the ways by which place can have a meaningful affect on health...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688316/cultivating-our-humanity-a-systematic-review-of-care-farming-traumatic-grief
#5
REVIEW
Richard Gorman, Joanne Cacciatore
Traumatic grief is a complex biopsychosocial experience, frequently (and contentiously) medicalized in the Western world. Care farming is an increasingly popular place-based intervention utilizing agricultural settings to care for vulnerable groups. We sought to establish the extent of care farming in relation to traumatic grief and query the potential of care farming as an intervention for this specific population. A systematic review highlights that whilst understudied, the success of care farming as an intervention for other populations experiencing psychological distress demonstrates the huge potential for care farming as a means to therapeutically engage with individuals experiencing traumatic grief...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688315/the-effect-of-health-on-urban-settlement-intention-of-rural-urban-migrants-in-china
#6
Shenghua Xie, Jinxian Wang, Juan Chen, Veli-Matti Ritakallio
Previous studies have not paid enough attention to the effect of health on urban-settlement intention of rural-urban migrants in China. Using survey data from the Rural Urban Migration in China project, this article examines how self-rated physical and mental health influence rural-urban migrants' intention to settle down in cities. First, the results show that both self-rated physical and mental health are significant factors influencing the migrants' intention to permanently move to cities. Second, the effect of physical health on rural-urban migrants' intentions to permanently reside in cities can be moderated by their length of urban residence...
July 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686999/school-poverty-effects-on-trajectories-of-child-behaviour-do-they-depend-on-gender-and-ethnicity
#7
Emily Midouhas
This study examined English school poverty effects on trajectories of child behaviour across ages 3, 5, 7 and 11, and the moderating roles of ethnicity and gender. School poverty predicted internalising and externalising problems concurrently, and internalising problems longitudinally. In poor schools, girls had a steeper incline in internalising problems, but made greater reductions in externalising problems. Ethnic differences were also found in the association between school poverty and child adjustment...
July 4, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672147/children-s-exposure-to-alcohol-marketing-within-supermarkets-an-objective-analysis-using-gps-technology-and-wearable-cameras
#8
T Chambers, A L Pearson, J Stanley, M Smith, M Barr, C Ni Mhurchu, L Signal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Exposure to alcohol marketing within alcohol retailers has been associated with higher rates of childhood drinking, brand recognition, and marketing recall. This study aimed to objectively measure children's everyday exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets. METHOD: Children aged 11-13 (n = 167) each wore a wearable camera and GPS device for four consecutive days. Micro-spatial analyses were used to examine exposures within supermarkets...
June 30, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666236/do-greener-areas-promote-more-equitable-child-health
#9
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
Several recent studies have suggested that people in socioeconomically disadvantaged circumstances may benefit more from local green space ('equigenesis'). This study provides a test of this hypothesis in children aged 0-13 years old. Results from multilevel models suggest the odds of sub-optimal general health were 14% lower among children in areas containing >21.5% green space compared to those with <10%. Higher parent-reported quality green space was associated with 18% lower odds of sub-optimal child health...
June 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666235/how-do-moving-and-other-major-life-events-impact-mental-health-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-uk-children
#10
Tim Morris, David Manley, Kate Northstone, Clive E Sabel
Research has suggested that children who move home report poorer mental health than those who remain residentially stable. However, many previous studies have been based on cross sectional data and have failed to consider major life events as confounders. This study uses longitudinal data from ALSPAC, a UK population based birth cohort study, and employs within-between random effect models to decompose the association between moving in childhood and poor mental health. Results suggest that while unobserved between-individual differences between mobile and non-mobile children account for a large portion of this association, within-individual differences remain and indicate that moving may have a detrimental impact upon subsequent mental health...
June 27, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648926/does-opening-a-supermarket-in-a-food-desert-change-the-food-environment
#11
Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Gerald Hunter, Rebecca L Collins, Shannon N Zenk, Steven Cummins, Robin Beckman, Alvin K Nugroho, Jennifer C Sloan, La'Vette Wagner, Tamara Dubowitz
Improving access to healthy foods in low-income neighborhoods is a national priority. Our study evaluated the impact of opening a supermarket in a 'food desert' on healthy food access, availability and prices in the local food environment. We conducted 30 comprehensive in-store audits collecting information on healthy and unhealthy food availability, food prices and store environment, as well as 746 household surveys in two low-income neighborhoods before and after one of the two neighborhoods received a new supermarket...
June 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646691/what-housing-features-should-inform-the-development-of-housing-solutions-for-adults-with-neurological-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Courtney J Wright, Heidi Zeeman, Elizabeth Kendall, Jennifer A Whitty
Despite the recent emphasis in Australian political, academic, and legislative narratives to more actively promote real housing choice for people with high healthcare and support needs, there is a lack of understanding regarding the specific housing features that might constitute better housing solutions for this population. Inclusive housing provision in Australia rightly emphasises safety and accessibility issues but often fails to incorporate factors related to broader psychosocial elements of housing such as dwelling location, neighbourhood quality, and overall design...
June 21, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622872/processes-of-local-alcohol-policy-making-in-england-does-the-theory-of-policy-transfer-provide-useful-insights-into-public-health-decision-making
#13
Lucy Gavens, John Holmes, Penny Buykx, Frank de Vocht, Matt Egan, Daniel Grace, Karen Lock, John D Mooney, Alan Brennan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent years have seen a rise in new and innovative policies to reduce alcohol consumption and related harm in England, which can be implemented by local, as opposed to national, policy-makers. The aim of this paper is to explore the processes that underpin the adoption of these alcohol policies within local authorities. In particular, it aims to assess whether the concept of policy transfer (i.e. a process through which knowledge about policies in one place is used in the development of policies in another time or place) provides a useful model for understanding local alcohol policy-making...
June 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595138/association-between-distance-to-nearest-supermarket-and-provision-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-english-nurseries
#14
Thomas Burgoine, John A Gallis, Tarra L Penney, Pablo Monsivais, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
With 796,500 places available for children in England, pre-school nurseries could serve as an important setting for population-wide dietary intervention. It is critical to understand the determinants of healthy food provision in this setting, which may include access to food stores. This study examined the association between objective, GIS-derived supermarket proximity and fruit and vegetable serving frequency, using data from 623 English nurseries. Overall, 116 (18%) nurseries served fruits and vegetables infrequently (<2-3 times/week), but provision differed by supermarket proximity...
June 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570993/landscape-care-of-urban-vacant-properties-and-implications-for-health-and-safety-lessons-from-photovoice
#15
Natalie Sampson, Joan Nassauer, Amy Schulz, Kathleen Hurd, Cynthia Dorman, Khalil Ligon
Care of vacant properties in urban environments is of particular interest to planners and residents alike. We report on a photovoice project completed by community leaders, researchers, and residents in two Detroit neighborhoods experiencing longtime systemic disinvestment. Participants photographed and discussed examples of care in a series of three focus groups in each neighborhood. Analyses highlight how acts of landscape care and visible cues to care contribute to changes in physical and social environments, and explore various links to health...
May 29, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554098/the-ward-as-emotional-ecology-adolescent-experiences-of-managing-mental-health-and-distress-in-psychiatric-inpatient-settings
#16
Paula Reavey, Jason Poole, Richard Corrigall, Toby Zundel, Sarah Byford, Mandy Sarhane, Eric Taylor, John Ivens, Dennis Ougrin
Previous research on young people's satisfaction of inpatient services has often relied on the responses of carers and relevant practitioners. It is difficult to ascertain to what extent such reporting accurately represents the satisfaction levels of young people, with emerging research suggesting wide discrepancies. As part of a wider study evaluating the effectiveness of a Supported Discharge Service (SDS) operating within South London & Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, this paper examines how young people experience inpatient services, on a social and emotional level...
May 26, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551568/a-marginal-structural-modeling-strategy-investigating-short-and-long-term-exposure-to-neighborhood-poverty-on-bmi-among-u-s-black-and-white-adults
#17
D Phuong Do, Cheng Zheng
We apply a marginal structural modeling (MSM) strategy to investigate the relationship between neighborhood poverty and BMI level among U.S. black and white adults. This strategy appropriately adjusts for factors that may be simultaneously mediators and confounders (e.g., income, health behavior), strengthening causal inference and providing the total (direct and indirect) neighborhood effect estimate. Short and long-term neighborhood poverty were positively associated with being overweight for both black and white women...
May 25, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551567/-no-place-like-home-aging-in-post-reform-beijing
#18
Jie Yu, Mark W Rosenberg
This study shows the Western theorization and interpretation of aging, place and health are not well suited to a non-western case. The current generation of older Chinese has experienced the transition from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. Urban changes have taken place in various ways. This study explains the spatio-temporal processes of older people with their changing places by conducting in-depth interviews with 47 older people living at home in Beijing. Their generational consciousness and old place identities are deeply rooted in pre-reform Collectivism and shaped by socialist ideologies of the past...
May 25, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544991/associations-of-neighborhood-social-environment-attributes-and-physical-activity-among-9-11-year-old-children-from-12-countries
#19
Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T Katzmarzyk
We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers...
May 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535424/ethnic-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-among-urban-residents-in-the-netherlands-a-moderating-role-of-neighborhood-ethnic-diversity
#20
Özcan Erdem, Alex Burdorf, Frank J Van Lenthe
The main purpose of this study was to investigate whether neighborhood ethnic diversity moderated the association between ethnicity and psychological distress in the four largest cities of Netherlands. Multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess whether the association between ethnicity and psychological distress differed by levels of neighborhood ethnic diversity. Results showed that the Turkish and Moroccan residents reported significantly higher psychological distress than native Dutch and Surinamese residents...
May 20, 2017: Health & Place
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