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Health & Place

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342425/how-neighborhoods-influence-health-lessons-to-be-learned-from-the-application-of-political-ecology
#1
Tendai Chitewere, Janet K Shim, Judith C Barker, Irene H Yen
This paper articulates how political ecology can be a useful tool for asking fundamental questions and applying relevant methods to investigate structures that impact relationship between neighborhood and health. Through a narrative analysis, we identify how political ecology can develop our future agendas for neighborhood-health research as it relates to social, political, environmental, and economic structures. Political ecology makes clear the connection between political economy and neighborhood by highlighting the historical and structural processes that produce and maintain social inequality, which affect health and well-being...
March 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342424/end-of-life-care-in-a-community-garden-findings-from-a-participatory-action-research-project-in-regional-australia
#2
Pauline Marsh, Gabrielle Gartrell, Gwen Egg, Andrew Nolan, Merylin Cross
This article presents findings from research that explored how a community garden might function as a place of end-of-life and bereavement support. Adopting Participatory Action Research (PAR) methods, and informed by Third Place theory and notions of therapeutic landscape, creative consultations were held in the Garden and people's homes. The findings provide insights into the nature of informal care as it is played out in the liminal garden space, between home and institution. The results illuminate the therapeutic landscape of community gardens, and contribute new understandings to the fields of PAR, health geography and end-of-life care...
March 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324796/individual-mental-health-life-course-events-and-dynamic-neighbourhood-change-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#3
Noli Brazil, William A V Clark
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examines the relationship between significant changes in neighbourhood poverty during the transition to adulthood and shifts in depressive symptoms. We found that associations between changes in neighbourhood poverty and mental health disappeared after controlling for contemporaneous life course events, specifically transitions associated with intimate relationship building and human capital formation. The exception is a decrease in depressive symptoms for females moving into lower poverty neighbourhoods across the entire transition to adulthood period...
March 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324795/-they-treat-us-like-we-re-not-there-queer-bodies-and-the-social-production-of-healthcare-spaces
#4
Talia Meer, Alex Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319858/identifying-adverse-effects-of-area-based-health-policy-an-ethnographic-study-of-a-deprived-neighbourhood-in-england
#5
Oli Williams
Health interventions commonly have adverse effects. Addressing these could significantly improve health outcomes. This paper addresses an adverse effect common in the promotion of health behaviours: exacerbation of health inequalities between low- and high-socioeconomic groups. Health behaviours - particularly, physical activity - are positioned within the context of social inequality and the inequitable spatial distribution of resources. Area-based health policy that targets deprived areas is assessed for its capacity to promote health behaviours without exacerbating inequality...
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319857/natural-environments-and-subjective-wellbeing-different-types-of-exposure-are-associated-with-different-aspects-of-wellbeing
#6
Mathew P White, Sabine Pahl, Benedict W Wheeler, Michael H Depledge, Lora E Fleming
Despite growing interest in the relationships between natural environments and subjective wellbeing (SWB), previous studies have various methodological and theoretical limitations. Focusing on urban/peri-urban residents (n=7272) from a nationally representative survey of the English population, we explored the relationships between three types of exposure: i) 'neighbourhood exposure', ii) 'visit frequency', and iii) 'specific visit'; and four components of SWB: i) evaluative, ii) eudaimonic, iii) positive experiential and iv) negative experiential...
March 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288445/the-effect-of-context-in-rural-mental-health-care-understanding-integrated-services-in-a-small-town
#7
Scott J Fitzpatrick, David Perkins, Teresa Luland, Dale Brown, Eamonn Corvan
Unequal health care outcomes for those with mental illness mean that access to integrated models is critical to supporting good physical and mental health care. This is especially so in rural areas where geographic and structural issues constrain the provision of health services. Guided by a conceptual framework about rural and remote health, this study draws on interviews with health providers and other staff and examines the dynamics of integrated primary and community-based specialist care for people with severe and persistent mental illnesses living in rural Australia...
March 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288444/associations-of-street-layout-with-walking-and-sedentary-behaviors-in-an-urban-and-a-rural-area-of-japan
#8
Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Neville Owen, Koichiro Oka
We examined whether street layout -a key urban design element- is associated with walking and sedentary behaviors in the context of a non-Western country; and, whether such associations differ between an urban and a rural area. In 2011, 1076 middle-to-older aged adults living in an urban and a rural area of Japan reported their walking and sedentary (sitting) behaviors. Two objective measures of street layout (intersection density and street integration) were calculated. Participants exposed to more-connected street layouts were more likely to walk for commuting and for errands, to meet physical activity recommendations through walking for commuting, and less likely to drive...
March 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285185/global-health-from-the-outside-the-promise-of-place-based-research
#9
Abigail H Neely, Alex M Nading
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285184/the-impact-of-temperature-and-relative-humidity-on-spatiotemporal-patterns-of-infant-bronchiolitis-epidemics-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#10
Chantel Sloan, Matthew Heaton, Sorah Kang, Candace Berrett, Pingsheng Wu, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Nicholas Sicignano, Amber Evans, Rees Lee, Tina Hartert
Infant bronchiolitis is primarily due to infection by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), which is highly seasonal. The goal of the study is to understand how circulation of RSV is impacted by fluctuations in temperature and humidity in order to inform prevention efforts. Using data from the Military Health System (MHS) Data Repository (MDR), we calculated rates of infant bronchiolitis for the contiguous US from July 2004 to June 2013. Monthly temperature and relative humidity were extracted from the National Climate Data Center...
March 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285183/examination-of-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-sleep-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-of-adolescents
#11
Wendy M Troxel, Regina A Shih, Brett Ewing, Joan S Tucker, Alvin Nugroho, Elizabeth J D'Amico
PURPOSE: Neighborhood-level socioeconomic disadvantage and lower individual-level socioeconomic status are associated with poorer sleep health in adults. However, few studies have examined the association between neighborhood-level disadvantage and sleep in adolescents, a population at high-risk for sleep disturbances. METHODS: The current study is the first to examine how objective (i.e. via census tract-level data) and subjective measures of neighborhood disadvantage are associated with sleep in a racially/ ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 2493 youth [Non-Hispanic White (20%), Hispanic (46%), Asian (21%), and Multiracial/ Other (13%)]...
March 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279905/does-equality-legislation-reduce-intergroup-differences-religious-affiliation-socio-economic-status-and-mortality-in-scotland-and-northern-ireland-a-cohort-study-of-400-000-people
#12
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Gillian Raab, Chris Dibben, Paul Boyle, Dermot O'Reilly
Religion frequently indicates membership of socio-ethnic groups with distinct health behaviours and mortality risk. Determining the extent to which interactions between groups contribute to variation in mortality is often challenging. We compared socio-economic status (SES) and mortality rates of Protestants and Catholics in Scotland and Northern Ireland, regions in which interactions between groups are profoundly different. Crucially, strong equality legislation has been in place for much longer and Catholics form a larger minority in Northern Ireland...
March 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270319/place-green-exercise-and-stress-an-exploration-of-lived-experience-and-restorative-effects
#13
Gunnthora Olafsdottir, Paul Cloke, Claus Vögele
This paper reports on inter-disciplinary research designed to investigate the stress-buffering effects of green exercise, and the importance of the context in which exercise takes place. This investigation of context effects examines both individual physiological responses (salivary cortisol) and the phenomenological interpretation of lived experiences of the intervention, reported by a subsample of participants in a randomized, controlled trial, in which healthy, physically inactive university students were randomly allocated to three activities: walking on a treadmill in a gym, walking in semi-natural recreational area, and sitting and watching nature-based videos on TV...
March 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258989/the-role-of-personal-social-networks-on-health-inequalities-across-european-regions
#14
Daniela Craveiro
The role of personal social networks on health inequalities is little understood. Theoretically, the characteristics of social network features can contribute to, both, increase and attenuate health inequalities. Few empirical studies that focus on the interaction between socioeconomic position and social networks provide little insight on the topic. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, this study analyses the moderation role of personal social networks on health inequalities in later life among northern, central, and southern European regions...
March 1, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258014/liquor-landscapes-does-access-to-alcohol-outlets-influence-alcohol-consumption-in-young-adults
#15
Sarah Foster, Georgina Trapp, Paula Hooper, Wendy H Oddy, Lisa Wood, Matthew Knuiman
Few longitudinal studies have examined the impact of liquor licences on alcohol consumption, and none in young adults, the life stage when alcohol intake is at its highest. We examined associations between liquor licences (i.e., general licences, on-premise licences, liquor stores, and club licences) and alcohol consumption at 20-years (n=988) and 22-years (n=893), and whether changes in the licences between time-points influenced alcohol consumption (n=665). Only general licences were associated with alcohol consumption at 20-years (p=0...
February 28, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237744/income-inequality-widens-the-existing-income-related-disparity-in-depression-risk-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-panel-study
#16
Jonathan K Burns, Andrew Tomita, Crick Lund
AIM: Income inequality (II) and poverty are major challenges in South Africa (SA) yet little is known about their interaction on population mental health. We explored relationships between district II, household income (HHI) and depressive symptoms in national panel data. METHOD: We used 3 waves (2008, 2010, 2012) of the SA National Income Dynamics Study (n=25936) in adjusted mixed effects logistic regression to assess if the relationship between HHI and depressive symptoms is dependent on level of II...
February 23, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237743/geographic-regions-for-assessing-built-environmental-correlates-with-walking-trips-a-comparison-using-different-metrics-and-model-designs
#17
Calvin P Tribby, Harvey J Miller, Barbara B Brown, Ken R Smith, Carol M Werner
There is growing international evidence that supportive built environments encourage active travel such as walking. An unsettled question is the role of geographic regions for analyzing the relationship between the built environment and active travel. This paper examines the geographic region question by assessing walking trip models that use two different regions: walking activity spaces and self-defined neighborhoods. We also use two types of built environment metrics, perceived and audit data, and two types of study design, cross-sectional and longitudinal, to assess these regions...
February 23, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236788/using-geographic-information-systems-to-measure-retail-food-environments-discussion-of-methodological-considerations-and-a-proposed-reporting-checklist-geo-fern
#18
REVIEW
Emma L Wilkins, Michelle A Morris, Duncan Radley, Claire Griffiths
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are widely used to measure retail food environments. However the methods used are hetrogeneous, limiting collation and interpretation of evidence. This problem is amplified by unclear and incomplete reporting of methods. This discussion (i) identifies common dimensions of methodological diversity across GIS-based food environment research (data sources, data extraction methods, food outlet construct definitions, geocoding methods, and access metrics), (ii) reviews the impact of different methodological choices, and (iii) highlights areas where reporting is insufficient...
February 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219854/does-neighborhood-social-and-environmental-context-impact-race-ethnic-disparities-in-childhood-asthma
#19
Mackenzie Brewer, Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, Justin T Denney, Kristin M Osiecki, Brady Moffett, Keila Lopez
Utilizing over 140,000 geocoded medical records for a diverse sample of children ages 2-12 living in Houston, Texas, we examine whether a comprehensive set of neighborhood social and environmental characteristics explain racial and ethnic disparities in childhood asthma. Adjusting for all individual risk factors, as well as neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, particulate matter, ozone concentration, and race/ethnic composition, reduced but did not fully attenuate the higher odds of asthma diagnosis among black (OR=2...
February 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219853/what-predicts-children-s-active-transport-and-independent-mobility-in-disadvantaged-neighborhoods
#20
J Veitch, A Carver, J Salmon, G Abbott, K Ball, D Crawford, V Cleland, A Timperio
This study examined two year changes in children's active transport and independent mobility and prospective associations between individual, social and physical environmental predictors of interest and these behaviors two years later. Overall, 43.5% of children (12.0±2.1 years) used active transport on the school journey at T1 and at T2 (p=0.77), and 35.3% engaged in independent mobility on the school journey at T1 and 29.6% at T2 (p=0.07). Enjoyment, parental safety concerns, and proximity to walking tracks were associated with independent mobility on the school journey...
February 17, 2017: Health & Place
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