Read by QxMD icon Read

Health & Place

Amanda Rzotkiewicz, Amber L Pearson, Benjamin V Dougherty, Ashton Shortridge, Nick Wilson
We systematically reviewed the current use of Google Street View (GSV) in health research and characterized major themes, strengths and weaknesses in order to highlight possibilities for future research. Of 54 qualifying studies, we found that most used GSV to assess the neighborhood built environment, followed by health policy compliance, study site selection, and disaster preparedness. Most studies were conducted in urban areas of North America, Europe, or New Zealand, with few studies from South America or Asia and none from Africa or rural areas...
July 13, 2018: Health & Place
Marynia Kolak, Michelle Bradley, Daniel R Block, Lindsay Pool, Gaurang Garg, Chrissy Kelly Toman, Kyle Boatright, Dawid Lipiszko, Julia Koschinsky, Kiarri Kershaw, Mercedes Carnethon, Tamara Isakova, Myles Wolf
We investigated changes in supermarket access in Chicago between 2007 and 2014, spanning The Great Recession, which we hypothesized worsened local food inequity. We mapped the average street network distance to the nearest supermarket across census tracts in 2007, 2011, and 2014, and identified spatial clusters of persistently low, high or changing access over time. Although the total number of supermarkets increased city-wide, extremely low food access areas in segregated, low income regions did not benefit...
July 9, 2018: Health & Place
Mariana C Arcaya, Alina Schnake-Mahl, Andrew Binet, Shannon Simpson, Maggie Super Church, Vedette Gavin, Bill Coleman, Shoshanna Levine, Annika Nielsen, Leigh Carroll, Sanouri Ursprung, Ben Wood, Halley Reeves, Barry Keppard, Noemie Sportiche, Jessie Partirdge, Jose Figueora, Austin Frakt, Mariel Alfonzo, Dina Abreu, Tatiana Abreu, Trena Ambroise, Eric Andrade, Eduardo Barrientos, Arnetta Baty, Carl Baty, Katrina Benner, Clifton Bennett, Amy Blanchette, Roseann Bongiovanni, Olivia Cardile, Cristian Corchado, Caleb Dixon, Crystal Dodson, Juan Dominguez, Mytha Durena, Yrma Fiestas, Josee Genty, Nicole Graffam, Adela Gonzalez, Emma Grigsby, Patricia Hayden, Stephanie Hernandez Alvado, Zuleyka Hernandez, Isaac Hodes, Jarred Johnson, Kathryn Keefe, Krystle Latimer, Shoshanna Levine, Christina Logg, Nelson Martinez, Khadijah Mboup, Doug McPhorson, Steve Meacham, Daynaba Mohammed, Emily Moss, Annika Nielsen, Kathleen O'Brien, Lisa Owens, Jessie Partridge, Lillie Pearl Johnson, Maria Belen Power, Taylee Rebelo, Ronel Remy, Gail Roderigues, Qamar Sabtow, Clarisa Sanchez, Andrew Seeder, Ramon Sepulveda, Noemie Sportiche, Sanouri Ursprung, Emma West, Leah Winters, Ben Wood, Tremayne Youmans
The health implications of urban development, particularly in rapidly changing, low-income urban neighborhoods, are poorly understood. We describe the Healthy Neighborhoods Study (HNS), a Participatory Action Research study examining the relationship between neighborhood change and population health in nine Massachusetts neighborhoods. Baseline data from the HNS survey show that social factors, specifically income insecurity, food insecurity, social support, experiencing discrimination, expecting to move, connectedness to the neighborhood, and local housing construction that participants believed would improve their lives, identified by a network of 45 Resident Researchers exhibited robust associations with self-rated and mental health...
July 6, 2018: Health & Place
Sophie Lewis, Karen Willis, Fran Collyer
In this paper, we examine the intersections between place and healthcare choice, drawing on Bourdieu's concepts of distinction and social space, and engaging with data from interviews with 78 Australians living in varied geographic locations. We find the status of an area is used to judge the quality of its healthcare services. Areas with high status are assumed to have better quality health services than areas of disadvantage. Where people live shapes the choices they make and their judgements about the status of a place...
July 6, 2018: Health & Place
Mohammad Habibullah Pulok, Jalal Uddin, Ulrika Enemark, Muhammad Zakir Hossin
Socioeconomic inequality in the utilisation of maternal healthcare services is well-documented in Bangladesh. However, the spatial dimension of this inequality is largely unexplored in the literature. This study examined the regional variation of wealth-related inequality in the utilisation of maternal healthcare services using data from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 2014. The highest extent of pro-wealthy inequality was found in Chittagong and Sylhet for ANC services compared to Khulna and Rangpur where inequality was the lowest...
June 27, 2018: Health & Place
Elizabeth D Beatriz, Beth E Molnar, John L Griffith, Carmel Salhi
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether country-level urban population growth is associated with the magnitude of the urban-rural disparity in under-five mortality (U5M) using ecologic and multilevel analyses. METHODS: We used data from 2010 to 2015 Demographic and Health Surveys and World Bank data from 30 sub-Saharan African countries (n = 411,054 women). Country-level linear regressions determined associations between urban population growth and economic growth between 2005 and 2010 on U5M risk differences...
June 26, 2018: Health & Place
Jacob M Izenberg, Mahasin S Mujahid, Irene H Yen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Health & Place
Sam Wilding, David Martin, Graham Moon
Individuals with mental health needs are more likely to migrate than the general population, but the effects of migration preference and place of residence are often overlooked. These issues are addressed through the application of a novel origin and destination multilevel model to survey data. In comparison to those with good mental health, individuals with poor mental health are more likely to make undesired moves and this is moderated, but not explained by place of residence. Implications for understanding the mental health and migration relationship, and its impact on service provision are then proposed...
June 26, 2018: Health & Place
Pauline Marsh, Helen Courtney-Pratt, Marina Campbell
A supported community gardening program became appealing and therapeutically beneficial to people living with the impacts of dementia and their carers, despite not targeting either cohort specifically. This paper discusses how this program provides insights into the landscape of dementia inclusivity. The gardens involved were spaces that allowed positive risk-taking opportunities, respectful intersubjectivity and active citizenship. Our research findings indicate that a meaningful response to the rising incidence of dementia may be to build upon social and geographical attributes of community gardens...
June 15, 2018: Health & Place
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Leanne Lester, Georgina Trapp
The prevalence of warehouse-style liquor stores has prompted alarm from local communities and public health advocates. To increase local government control over liquor stores, one proposed planning response is to distinguish between 'small' (i.e., ≤ 300 m2 ) and 'large' (i.e., > 300 m2 ) liquor stores. We mapped the size and location of liquor stores in Perth, Western Australia, and tested associations between liquor store exposure and alcohol consumption (grams ethanol/day) in young adults (n = 990)...
June 15, 2018: Health & Place
Orion T Stewart, Anne Vernez Moudon, Alyson J Littman, Edmund Seto, Brian E Saelens
This study explored how parks within the home neighborhood contribute to total physical activity (PA) by isolating park-related PA. Seattle-area adults (n = 634) were observed using time-matched accelerometer, Global Positioning System (GPS), and travel diary instruments. Of the average 42.3 min of daily total PA, only 11% was related to parks. Both home neighborhood park count and area were associated with park-based PA, but not with PA that occurred elsewhere, which comprised 89% of total PA. This study demonstrates clear benefits of neighborhood parks for contributing to park-based PA while helping explain why proximity to parks is rarely associated with overall PA...
June 9, 2018: Health & Place
Natalia Vincens, Maria Emmelin, Martin Stafström
Our hypothesis is that neighborhood infrastructure modifies the association between state-level income distribution and self-rated health. In our findings neighborhood infrastructure amplifies the association between income equality and self-rated health, yet with a differential impact on health according to sex, race and education level favoring individuals at higher socioeconomic positions. Most of the individual health variation attributed to context happens at neighborhood level, based on random effects analyses...
June 9, 2018: Health & Place
Maggie Mort, Marion Walker, Alison Lloyd Williams, Amanda Bingley
Little is known about how children and young people are affected by evacuation following flooding. Participatory research using creative methods allowed us to elicit flood stories and recovery pathways over time. We found that children's relationships with space and place were severely challenged following evacuation from home. They suffered losses, including loss of agency, friendship networks and familiar space. They experienced distress, anxiety and disillusionment with societal responses. Sustained attention by flood risk and recovery agencies is required to address children's ongoing needs following evacuation...
June 7, 2018: Health & Place
Ted Schrecker, Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Mariajosé Aguilera
A systematic and theoretically informed analysis of how extractive industries affect health outcomes and health inequities is overdue. Informed by the work of Saskia Sassen on "logics of extraction," we adopt an expansive definition of extractive industries to include (for example) large-scale foreign acquisitions of agricultural land for export production. To ground our analysis in concrete place-based evidence, we begin with a brief review of four case examples of major extractive activities. We then analyze the political economy of extractivism, focusing on the societal structures, processes, and relationships of power that drive and enable extraction...
June 7, 2018: Health & Place
Frida Jonsson, Miguel San Sebastian, Anne Hammarström, Per E Gustafsson
This study explains neighbourhood deprivation inequalities in adult health for a northern Swedish cohort by examining the contribution of socio-economic and psychosocial determinants from adolescence (age 16), young adulthood (age 21) and midlife (age 42) to the disparity. Self-reported information from 873 participants was drawn from questionnaires, with complementary neighbourhood register data. The concentration index was used to estimate the inequality while decomposition analyses were run to attribute the disparity to its underlying determinants...
June 7, 2018: Health & Place
Carly E Milliren, Clare R Evans, Tracy K Richmond, Erin C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in multilevel modeling allow for modeling non-hierarchical levels (e.g., youth in non-nested schools and neighborhoods) using cross-classified multilevel models (CCMM). Current practice is to cluster samples from one context (e.g., schools) and utilize the observations however they are distributed from the second context (e.g., neighborhoods). However, it is unknown whether an uneven distribution of sample size across these contexts leads to incorrect estimates of random effects in CCMMs...
June 6, 2018: Health & Place
Nastaran Doroud, Ellie Fossey, Tracy Fortune
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The role of place in mental health recovery was investigated by synthesizing qualitative research on this topic. METHODS: Using a meta-ethnographic approach, twelve research papers were selected, their data extracted, coded and synthesized. FINDINGS: Place for doing, being, becoming and belonging emerged as central mechanisms through which place impacts recovery. Several material, social, natural and temporal characteristics appear to enable or constrain the potential of places to support recovery...
June 6, 2018: Health & Place
Irene Headen, Mahasin Mujahid, Julianna Deardorff, David H Rehkopf, Barbara Abrams
Existing research on neighborhood environment and gestational weight gain (GWG) focuses on point-in-time measures of neighborhood context. This precludes understanding how long-term exposure to adverse neighborhood environments influences GWG. We estimated associations between average exposure to and trajectories of long-term neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and risk of inadequate or excessive GWG. Using data from 5690 full-term, singleton pregnancies in the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, we estimated associations between cumulative deprivation and GWG, overall and by race/ethnicity, controlling for individual and residential covariates...
June 5, 2018: Health & Place
Corinne A Riddell, Kathryn T Morrison, Jay S Kaufman, Sam Harper
Life expectancy has increased in the United States over many decades. The difference in life expectancy between black and white Americans has also decreased, but some states have made much more progress towards racial equality than others. This paper describes the pattern of contributions of six major causes of death to the black-white life expectancy gap within US states and the District of Columbia between 1969 and 2013, and identifies states diverging from the overall pattern. Across multiple causes, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan had the highest contributions to black-white inequality, while New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island had the lowest contributions and have either achieved or are the closest to achieving black-white equality in life expectancy...
June 1, 2018: Health & Place
Charisse M Johnson-Singh, Mikael Rostila, Antonio Ponce de Leon, Yvonne Forsell, Karin Engström
INTRODUCTION: Ethnic heterogeneity has been linked to both protective and detrimental effects on mental health. Few studies have investigated the role of social capital in this relationship and none have found that it has an explanatory role. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between two measures of ethnic heterogeneity and psychological distress in Stockholm County, as well as the explanatory role of social capital for individuals with Swedish-background, foreign-background and those who are foreign-born...
May 25, 2018: Health & Place
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"