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Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research

Shehnaz Fatima, Subhash Mohan Agarwal
EGFR is an important drug target in cancer. However, the ineffectiveness of first generation inhibitors due to the occurrence of a secondary mutation (T790M) results in the relapse of the disease. Identification of reversible inhibitors against T790M/L858R double mutants (TMLR) thus is a foremost requirement. In this study, various 2 D and 3 D Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship models were built for amino-pyrimidine compounds with their known biological activity against TMLR mutants. The model developed using multiple linear regression statistical method via stepwise forward-backward variable selection technique showed the best results in terms of internal and external predictivity...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Kaori Fukushima, Kaede Takahashi, Mirai Kusaka, Kaichi Ishimoto, Kanako Minami, Shiho Otagaki, Nobuyuki Fukushima, Kanya Honoki, Toshifumi Tsujiuchi
Free fatty acid (FFA) receptors belong to a member of G-protein-coupled receptors. GPCR 120 (GPR120) and GPR40 are identified as FFA receptors and activated via the binding of long- and medium-chain FFAs. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of GPR120 and GPR40 on cell motility and growth in breast cancer cells treated with tamoxifen (TAM). MCF-7 cells were continuously treated with TAM for approximately 6 months. The expression level of GPR40 gene was markedly higher in the long-term TAM treated (MCF-TAM) cells than in MCF-7 cells...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Trinath Daggupati, Rishika Pamanji, Suneetha Yeguvapalli
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) has been reported for its impact on multitude biological processes from cell proliferation to apoptosis. The increase in the ratio of active/inactive GSK3β is the major factor associated in the etiology of several psychiatric diseases, diabetes, muscle hypertrophy, neurodegenerative diseases, and some cancers. These findings made GSK3β a promising therapeutic target, and the interest in the discovery, synthesis of novel drugs to effectively attenuate its function with probably no side effects has been increasing in the chronology of GSK3β drug discovery...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Gopinadh Bhyrapuneni, Jagadeesh Babu Thentu, Abdul Rasheed Mohammed, Raghupathi Reddy Aleti, Nagasurya Prakash Padala, Devender Reddy Ajjala, Ramakrishna Nirogi
The use of liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is advantageous in in-vivo receptor occupancy assays at pre-clinical drug developmental stages. Relatively, its application is effective in terms of high throughput, data reproducibility, sensitivity, and sample processing. In this perspective, we have evaluated the use of FTC-146 as a non-radiolabelled tracer to determine the sigma-1 receptor occupancy of test drugs in mice brain. Further, the brain and plasma exposures of test drug were determined at their corresponding occupancies...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Sanjay K Choubey, Jeyaraman Jeyakanthan
Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is an emerging target of Alzheimer's disease. Four featured pharmacophore model (ADRR) with one H-bond acceptor (A), one H-bond donor (D), and two aromatic rings (R) was generated using experimentally reported compounds, ((E-5[3-benzenesulfonamido) phenyl]-N-hydroxypent-2-en-4-ynamide)) and (N'-hydroxy-N-phenyloctanediamide) with IC50 values of 0.16 ± 0.11 nM and 62 ± 0.15 nM, respectively. Quantum Polarized Ligand Docking and Binding Free Energy calculation was performed for the top three identified leads RH01652, JFD02573, and HTS00800 from HitFinder database...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Mingdong Yu, Baohui Su, Xiaoxia Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Here, using rat model, we investigated the roles of gardenoside in the chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the ischiadic nerve. METHODS: Bennett and Xie's unilateral sciatic nerve CCI model was used in this study. A total of 60 rats were divided into control group (CN), sham group (Sham), CCI group, and gardenoside administrated CCI group. An aliquot of 5 mL gardenoside solution was administrated through gavage once per day for 14 d. Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) were detected...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Tuyen N M Hua, Jun Namkung, Ai N H Phan, Vu T A Vo, Min-Kyu Kim, Yangsik Jeong, Jong-Whan Choi
CONTEXT: The metabolic function of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) in lung cancer remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship of PPARγ on ALDH1A3-induced lipid peroxidation to inhibit lung cancer cell growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In silico analysis using microarray dataset was performed to screen the positive correlation between PPARγ and all ALDH isoforms. NUBIscan software and ChIP assay were used to identify the binding sites (BSs) of PPARγ on ALDH1A3 promoter...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Angel Jemima Ebenezer, Kavya Prasad, Sanjana Rajan, Elden Berla Thangam
CONTEXT: Mast cell (MC) activation through H4R releases various inflammatory mediators which are associated with allergic asthma. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the siRNA-mediated gene silencing effect of H4R on human mast cells (HMCs) functions and the activation of stress-activated protein kinases (SAPK)/jun amino-terminal kinases (JNK) signaling pathways for the release of ineterleukin-1β (IL-1β) in HMCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H4R expression was analyzed by RT-PCR and western blotting in human mast cell line-1 (HMC-1) cells and H4RsiRNA transfected cells...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Sharanya C S, Arun K G, Vijaytha V, Sabu A, Haridas M
Methyl gallate was purified, by lipoxygenase (LOX) inhibitory activity-guided method since its alleged anti-inflammatory property, from Bergenia ligulata (Wall), a plant used in the traditional, Ayurvedic system of medicine extensively. The LOX inhibitory property of methyl gallate was studied by enzyme kinetics, isothermal titration calorimetry and molecular docking followed by molecular simulation studies. The wet-laboratory experiments and in silico studies showed complete agreement, and promise of methyl gallate as a drug-lead molecular scaffold for anti-inflammatory therapy, based on LOX inhibition...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
K G Arun, C S Sharanya, C Sadasivan
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is one of the major enzymes involved in purin metabolism, it has a significant role in cell growth and differentiation. Over-activity of ADA has been noticed in some pathology, like malignancy and inflammation and makes it an attractive target for the development of drugs for such diseases. In the present study, ADA inhibitory activity of morin, a bioactive flavonoid, was assessed through computational and biophysical methods. The enzyme kinetics data showed that morin is a competitive inhibitor of ADA...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Jiale Peng, Yaping Li, Yeheng Zhou, Li Zhang, Xingyong Liu, Zhili Zuo
Gout is a common inflammatory arthritis caused by the deposition of urate crystals within joints. It is increasingly in prevalence during the past few decades as shown by the epidemiological survey results. Xanthine oxidase (XO) is a key enzyme to transfer hypoxanthine and xanthine to uric acid, whose overproduction leads to gout. Therefore, inhibiting the activity of xanthine oxidase is an important way to reduce the production of urate. In the study, in order to identify the potential natural products targeting XO, pharmacophore modeling was employed to filter databases...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Sitrarasu Vijaya Prabhu, Sanjeev Kumar Singh
Atom-based three dimensional-quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) model was developed on the basis of 5-point pharmacophore hypothesis (AARRR) with two hydrogen bond acceptors (A) and three aromatic rings for the derivatives of thieno[2,3-b]pyridine, which modulates the activity to inhibit the mGluR5 receptor. Generation of a highly predictive 3D-QSAR model was performed using the alignment of predicted pharmacophore hypothesis for the training set (R2  = 0.84, SD = 0.26, F = 45...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
A Sudha, P Srinivasan, V Kanimozhi, K Palanivel, B Kadalmani
The aim of this study was to find the efficacy of 5-hydroxy 3',4',7-trimethoxyflavone (HTMF), a flavonoid compound isolated from the medicinal plant Lippia nodiflora, in inhibiting the proliferation and inducing apoptosis in human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. The anti-proliferative effect of the compound HTMF was confirmed using MTT cytotoxicity assay. Increased apoptotic induction by HTMF was demonstrated by acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EtBr) and Hoechst 33258 staining studies. The phosphatidylserine translocation, an early feature of apoptosis and DNA damage were revealed through AnnexinV-Cy3 staining and comet assay...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Penghua Li, Jiale Peng, Yeheng Zhou, Yaping Li, XingYong Liu, LiangLiang Wang, ZhiLi Zuo
Human Coagulation Factor IXa (FIXa), specifically inhibited at the initiation stage of the blood coagulation cascade, is an excellent target for developing selective and safe anticoagulants. To explore this inhibitory mechanism, 86 FIXa inhibitors were selected to generate pharmacophore models and subsequently SAR models. Both best pharmacophore model and ROC curve were built through the Receptor-Ligand Pharmacophore Generation module. CoMFA model based on molecular docking and PLS factor analysis methods were developed...
June 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Ganesan Mahendran, Ramachandran Vijayan
Anxiety represents a public health problem consistently found to be the most prevalent class of mental disorders among people of all ages. Xanthones possess many biological properties, including neuroprotective, antioxidant or antidepressant-like. In this study, we aimed to investigate anxiolytic-like antidepressant and anticonvulsant properties of isolated xanthones from Swertia corymbosa. We evaluated anxiolytic-like activity of compounds 1-3 in the mouse elevated plus maze (EPM) and open field test (OF)...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Fereshteh Shiri, Maryam Salahinejad, Rahmatollah Dijoor, Massoud Nejati-Yazdinejad
Pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria are responsible for nearly half of the serious human infections. Hologram quantitative structure-activity relationships (HQSAR), comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA), and comparative molecular similarity index analysis (CoMSIA) were implemented on a group of 32 of potent Gram-negative LpxC inhibitors. The most effective HQSAR model was obtained using atoms, bonds, donor, and acceptor as fragment distinction. The cross-validated correlation coefficient (q2 ), non-cross-validated correlation coefficient (r2 ), and predictive correlation coefficient (r2 Pred ) for test set of HQSAR model were 0...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Harmit S Ranhotra
The eukaryotic nuclear receptors (NRs) super-family of transcriptional factors include the estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) that have diverse roles in control of cellular energy balance, general metabolism, growth and development, immunity etc. Mouse knock-out models of specific ERR isoforms (ERRα, ERRβ and ERRγ) exhibit defects in several phenotypic traits. Newer findings indicate important roles of ERRs in the regulation of brown adipocyte tissue mitochondrial oxidative functions as well as metabolic control in association with hypoxia-inducible factors during cellular hypoxic state...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Gustavo Nieto-Alamilla, Juan Escamilla-Sánchez, María-Cristina López-Méndez, Anayansi Molina-Hernández, Agustín Guerrero-Hernández, José-Antonio Arias-Montaño
In stably-transfected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, we have compared the effect of activating two isoforms of 445 and 365 amino acids of the human histamine H3 receptor (hH3 R445 and hH3 R365 ) on [35 S]-GTPγS binding, forskolin-induced cAMP formation, depolarization-induced increase in the intracellular concentration of Ca2+ ions ([Ca2+ ]i) and depolarization-evoked [3  H]-dopamine release. Maximal specific binding (Bmax ) of [3  H]-N-methyl-histamine to cell membranes was 953 ± 204 and 555 ± 140 fmol/mg protein for SH-SY5Y-hH3 R445 and SH-SY5Y-hH3 R365 cells, respectively, with similar dissociation constants (Kd , 0...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Rohini Agrawal, Virendra Nath, Harish Kumar, Vipin Kumar
Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMetS) is a consolidation of metabolic disorders characterized by insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Curcumin, a natural bioactive compound, has been shown to possess notable anti-oxidant activity and it has also been included as a super natural herb in the super natural herbs database. Most of the beneficial effects of Curcumin are possibly due to activation of the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). The present study investigates molecular interactions of curcumin with PPARγ protein through molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Chang-Jun Zheng, Li-Li Yang, Jun Liu, Lei Zhong
BACKGROUND: The research of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is a promising strategy for drug discovery. In cancer therapy, there is a need to discover novel agents that can inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in cancer cells. JTC-801 is a novel GPCR antagonist with the function of reversing pain and anxiety symptoms. This study aims to investigate the antitumor effects of JTC-801 on human osteosarcoma cells (U2OS) and elucidate the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to detect the viability of U2OS cells treated with JTC-801 in vitro...
April 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
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