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Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research

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September 21, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
David Mahato, Dipayan Samanta, Sudit S Mukhopadhyay, R Navanietha Krishnaraj
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a high risk of malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia and squamous cell carcinoma. There is a constant search out of new potential therapeutic molecule to combat this disorder. In most cases, patients with FA develop haematological malignancies with acute myeloid leukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Identifying drugs which can efficiently block the pathways of both these disorders can be an ideal and novel strategy to treat FA. The curcumin, a natural compound obtained from turmeric is an interesting therapeutic molecule as it has been reported in the literature to combat both FA as well as leukemia...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Ruchi Malik, Pakhuri Mehta, Shubham Srivastava, Bhanwar Singh Choudhary, Manish Sharma
Biological mechanism attributing mutations in KCNQ2/Q3 results in benign familial neonatal epilepsy (BFNE), a rare form of epilepsy and thus neglected. It offers a potential target for antiepileptic drug discovery. In the present work, a pharmacophore-based 3D-QSAR model was generated for a series of N-pyridyl and pyrimidine benzamides possessing KCNQ2/Q3 opening activity. The pharmacophore model generated contains one hydrogen bond donor (D), one hydrophobic (H), and two aromatic rings (R). They are the crucial molecular write-up detailing predicted binding efficacy of high affinity and low affinity ligands for KCNQ2/Q3 opening activity...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Abdul Mannan Baig, H R Ahmad
Acetylcholine affects the target cellular function via muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors that are seen to exist in humans. Both the cholinergic receptors are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) that perform cardinal functions in humans. Anti-muscarinic drugs, particularly the ones that target M1 subtype (mAChR1), have consistently shown to kill unicellular pathogenic eukaryotes like Acanthamoeba spp. As the M1 receptor subtype has not been reported to be expressed in the above protist, the presence of an ancient form of the M1 muscarinic receptor was inferred...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Rohit Bavi, Raj Kumar, Shailima Rampogu, Yongseong Kim, Yong Jung Kwon, Seok Ju Park, Keun Woo Lee
High level of hematopoietic cell kinase (Hck) is associated with drug resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia. Additionally, Hck activity has also been connected with the pathogenesis of HIV-1 and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In this study, three-dimensional (3D) QSAR pharmacophore models were generated for Hck based on experimentally known inhibitors. A best pharmacophore model, Hypo1, was developed with high correlation coefficient (0.975), Low RMS deviation (0.60) and large cost difference (49.31), containing three ring aromatic and one hydrophobic aliphatic feature...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Akanksha Gupta, Rahul Agarwal, Ashutosh Singh, Sonika Bhatnagar
CONTEXT: Thrombospondin1 (TSP1) participates in numerous signaling pathways critical for vascular physiology and disease. The conserved signature domain of thrombospondin 1 (TSP1-Sig1) comprises three epidermal growth factor (EGF), 13 calcium-binding type 3 thrombospondin (T3) repeats, and one lectin-like module arranged in a stalk-wire-globe topology. TSP1 is known to be present in both calcium-replete (Holo-) and calcium-depleted (Apo-) state, each with distinct downstream signaling effects...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Wen Zhang, Chen Yao, Zhanying Wei, Qirong Dong
CONTEXT: MicroRNA-128 (miR-128), a brain-enriched microRNA, has been reported to participate in the regulation of cell differentiation, but its potential roles in adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have not been addressed. OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to investigate the effects and mechanism of miR-128 on adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphology of hMSCs, lipid droplets and calcium nodules were observed and photographed by LSM microscopy...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Mohammad Reza Nourani, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini, Sadegh Azimzadeh Jamalkandi, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi
CONTEXT: Mustard gas (e.g. sulfur mustard (SM)) has been used as a chemical agent in several battles and is still a potential worldwide menace. Besides local absorption, particularly in the skin, eyes and lungs, systemic spread of the agent also has detrimental effects on gonads, bone marrow and nervous system. Moreover, chronic exposure of SM to respiratory system causes death. Inducing oxidative stress, and disturbing DNA and tissue repair systems, inflammation and cell death signaling pathways have been introduced as molecular mechanisms of the injury...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Pradeep Natarajan, Vani Priyadarshini, Dibyabhaba Pradhan, Munikumar Manne, Sandeep Swargam, Hema Kanipakam, Vengamma Bhuma, Umamaheswari Amineni
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) is a serine/threonine kinase which has attracted significant attention during recent years in drug design studies. The deregulation of GSK-3β increased the loss of hippocampal neurons by triggering apoptosis-mediating production of neurofibrillary tangles and alleviates memory deficits in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Given its role in the formation of neurofibrillary tangles leading to AD, it has been a major therapeutic target for intervention in AD, hence was targeted in the present study...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Carolina Morais Araujo, Milla Marques Hermidorff, Gabriela de Cassia Sousa Amancio, Denise da Silveira Lemos, Marcelo Estáquio Silva, Leonardo Vinícius Monteiro de Assis, Mauro César Isoldi
Aldosterone acts on its target tissue through a classical mechanism or through the rapid pathway through a putative membrane-bound receptor. Our goal here was to better understand the molecular and biochemical rapid mechanisms responsible for aldosterone-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. We have evaluated the hypertrophic process through the levels of ANP, which was confirmed by the analysis of the superficial area of cardiomyocytes. Aldosterone increased the levels of ANP and the cellular area of the cardiomyocytes; spironolactone reduced the aldosterone-increased ANP level and cellular area of cardiomyocytes...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Saber Imani, Jafar Salimian, Mahmood Bozorgmehr, Ensieh Vahedi, Ali Ghazvini, Mostafa Ghanei, Yunes Panahi
PURPOSE: Sulfur mustard (SM) lung is a heterogeneous disease associated with abnormal inflammatory immune responses. The Th17/Treg axis imbalance is associated with the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease. We aimed to determine the distribution of different Th17 and Treg cells in patients with SM lung and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and evaluate the clinical implications in this homeostasis. METHODS: In this analytical cross-sectional study, CD4 (+) Foxp3(+ )Treg and CD4(+) IL-17(+ )Th17 cells were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and transbronchial biopsy (TBB) samples of 15 SM-exposed patients, 12 COPD and 13 healthy controls (HCs)...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
H M Kumalo, Mahmoud E Soliman
Beta-amyloid precursor protein cleavage enzyme1 (BACE1) and beta-amyloid precursor protein cleavage enzyme2 (BACE2), members of aspartyl protease family, are close homologs and have high similarity in their protein crystal structures. However, their enzymatic properties are different, which leads to different clinical outcomes. In this study, we performed sequence analysis and all-atom molecular dynamic (MD) simulations for both enzymes in their ligand-free states in order to compare their dynamical flap behaviors...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Dakshinamurthy Sasikala, Jeyaraman Jeyakanthan, Pappu Srinivasan
WbpP encoding UDP-GlcNAC C4 epimerase is responsible for the activation of virulence factor in marine pathogen Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) and it is linked to many aquatic diseases, thus making it a potential therapeutic target. There are few reported compounds that include several natural products and synthetic compounds targeting Vibrio sp, but specific inhibitor targeting WbpP are unavailable. Here, we performed structure-based virtual screening using chemical libraries such as Binding, TOSLab and Maybridge to identify small molecule inhibitors of WbpP with better drug-like properties...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Saikiran Reddy Peddi, Sree Kanth Sivan, Vijjulatha Manga
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), a promising therapeutic target for treatment of human cancers, is a receptor tyrosine kinase that instigates the activation of several signal transduction pathways. In the present study, in silico methods have been employed in order to explore the structural features and functionalities of a series of tetracyclic derivatives displaying potent inhibitory activity toward ALK. Initially docking was performed using GLIDE 5.6 to probe the bioactive conformation of all the compounds and to understand the binding modes of inhibitors...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Dan Song, Mariko Nishiyama, Sadao Kimura
R4/B subfamily RGS (regulator of G protein signaling) proteins play roles in regulation of many GPCR-mediated responses. Multiple RGS proteins are usually expressed in a cell, and it is difficult to point out which RGS protein species are functionally important in the cell. To evaluate intrinsic potency of these RGS proteins, we compared inhibitory effects of RGS1, RGS2, RGS3, RGS4, RGS5, RGS8 and RGS16 on AT1 receptor signaling. Intracellular Ca(2+) responses to angiotensin II were markedly attenuated by transiently expressed RGS2, RGS3 and RGS8, compared to weak inhibition by RGS1, RGS4, RGS5 and RGS16...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Xinjian Wang, Min Xia
5-Hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone (5HHMF), a polymethoxyflavone (PMF) mainly found in citrus plants, exhibits excellent physiological functions. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anticancer activity of 5HHMF against human gastric cancer cell BGC-7901 both in vitro and in vivo and illustrate the potential mechanisms. The proliferation of BGC-7901 cells was assessed by MTT assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was determined by ELISA kit. The protein expression was determined by western blot analysis...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Yi-Gen Peng, Zheng-Qun Zhang, Yan-Bin Chen, Jian-An Huang
Rap2b, a member of the guanosine triphosphate-binding proteins, is widely up-regulated in many types of tumors. However, the functional role of Rap2b in tumorigenesis of lung cancer remains to be fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effect of Rap2b on the lung cancer malignant phenotype, such as cell proliferation and metastasis. We found that Rap2b could promote the abilities of lung cancer cell wound healing, migration, and invasion via increasing matrix metalloproteinase-2 enzyme activity...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Yu-Sheng Li, Zhen-Han Deng, Chao Zeng, Guang-Hua Lei
CONTEXT: The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase super family. JNK can phosphorylate a number of activator protein-1 components, activating several transcription factors, and thus, JNK signaling pathway is being involved in several carcinogenic mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we have reviewed the recent updates of the association of JNK pathway with osteosarcoma (OS), which is one of the most common and aggressive bone malignancies...
October 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Fatemeh Aghanasir, Hassan Aghaei, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi, Majid Ebrahimi, Ghasem Bagherpour, Mohammad Reza Nourani
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is one of the causes of peripheral nerve injuries. Free radicals increase after tissue damage. Free radicals are usually scavenged and detoxified by antioxidants. In this study, we assessed the antioxidative role of the NGAL molecule in sciatic nerve repair in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sciatic nerves of 40 rats were crushed and the total mRNA of samples from day 1 and 3 and week 1, 3, 5 post injury was extracted. The expression of the NGAL gene was confirmed by RT-PCR...
August 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
Chengming Sun, Guili Zhang, Shuping Luan, Caifu Luan, Huiyuan Shao, Fei Dong, Xuena Liu
Evodiamine, a quinolone alkaloid, is one of the major bioactive compounds of Evodia rutaecarpa Bentham (Rutaceae). It exhibits excellent biological activities, especially the anticancer activity. This study aims to investigate the effect of evodiamine on the proliferation of leukemia cell line K562 and to explore the underlying mechanism. The effect of evodiamine on K562 cells proliferation was analyzed by trypan blue dye exclusion assay and MTT assay. The expression levels of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), cyclin D1, and p21 were detected by western blot assay...
August 2016: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
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