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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219919/spousal-loss-and-change-in-cognitive-functioning-an-examination-of-temporal-patterns-and-gender-differences
#1
Jonathan Wörn, Hannie Comijs, Marja Aartsen
Objectives: The study investigates whether the disadvantaged position of men in the adverse consequences of widowhood for health and mortality also exists for changes in cognitive health. Methods: We used data of up to 1,269 men and women aged 65 years and older who participated in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam in three-yearly assessments between 1992 and 2012 (5,123 person-observations). All were married and without cognitive impairment (MMSE ≥ 24) at baseline and up to 419 lost their spouse...
September 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219902/the-associations-between-physical-activity-including-physical-activity-intensity-and-fear-of-falling-differs-by-fear-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-the-community
#2
Ryuichi Sawa, Tsuyoshi Asai, Takehiko Doi, Shogo Misu, Shunsuke Murata, Rei Ono
Objectives: Fear of falling (FoF) is common in older adults. Physical activity decreases as FoF increases. However, this association between physical activity and FoF may vary depending on activity intensity. The current study was performed to explore the associations between FoF and step count, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was held at a local community association center, with 242 older adults living independently in the community (mean age: 75...
September 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219866/post-retirement-life-satisfaction-and-financial-vulnerability-the-moderating-role-of-control
#3
Dawn C Carr, Phyllis Moen, Maureen Perry Jenkins, Michael Smyer
Objectives: This paper examines changes in life satisfaction around retirement exits for those with varying pre-retirement incomes, testing whether constraints on control and control over finances moderate the relationship between retiring and pre-retirement income. Method: This longitudinal study draws data from the 2004-2014 waves of the HRS to examine changes in life satisfaction pre- versus post-retirement for three groups (the poor/near poor, financially vulnerable, and financially stable) of full-time workers ages 51 to 87 (N=970), and a subset (N=334) who fully retire over a four- year period...
September 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219831/advancing-research-on-psychological-stress-and-aging-with-the-health-and-retirement-study-looking-back-to-launch-the-field-forward
#4
Alexandra D Crosswell, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Eli Puterman, Tara Gruenewald, Jinkook Lee, Elissa S Epel
Objectives: The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) was designed as an interdisciplinary study with a strong focus on health, retirement, and socioeconomic environment, to study their dynamic relationships over time in a sample of mid-life adults. The study includes validated self-report measures and individual items that capture the experiences of stressful events (stressor exposures) and subjective assessments of stress (perceived stress) within specific life domains. Methods: This paper reviews and catalogs the peer-reviewed publications that have used the HRS to examine associations between psychological stress measures and psychological, physical health, and economic outcomes...
September 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219830/the-protective-effects-of-informal-care-receipt-against-the-progression-of-functional-limitations-among-chinese-older-people
#5
Bo Hu, Lei Li
Objective: This study investigates the impacts of receiving informal care on the progression of functional limitations among older people aged 60 and over in China. Method: The data come from three waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS), which collected health and ageing-related information on a nationally representative sample of Chinese older people from 2011 to 2015. Multilevel regression models were used to analyse the data. Results: The protective effect of receiving informal care is stronger for the first two years after the baseline survey and tends to fade away or be reversed four years later...
September 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184192/age-related-decline-in-learning-deterministic-judgment-based-sequences
#6
Layla Dang, Sylvia P Larson, Mark A Gluck, Jessica R Petok
Objectives: Because sequence learning is integral to cognitive functions across the lifespan, the present study examined the effect of healthy aging on deterministic judgment-based sequence learning. Methods: College-aged, younger-old, and older-old adults completed a judgment-based sequence learning task which required them to learn a full sequence by chaining together single stimulus-response associations in a step-by-step fashion. Results: Results showed that younger adults outperformed younger-old and older-old adults; older adults were less able to acquire the full sequence and committed significantly more errors during learning...
September 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169811/can-intraindividual-variability-in-cognitive-speed-be-reduced-by-physical-exercise-results-from-the-life-study
#7
Allison A M Bielak, Christopher R Brydges
Objectives: Findings are mixed regarding the potential to improve older adults' cognitive ability via training and activity interventions. One novel sensitive outcome may be intraindividual variability (IIV) in cognitive speed, or moment-to-moment changes in a person's performance. The present paper evaluated if participants who participated in a moderate physical activity intervention showed a reduction in IIV, compared to a successful aging education control group. Method: For approximately 2...
August 30, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165409/early-life-adversity-and-dysregulation-of-adult-diurnal-cortisol-rhythm
#8
Arun S Karlamangla, Sharon Stein Merkin, David M Almeida, Esther M Friedman, Jacqueline A Mogle, Teresa E Seeman
Objectives: Exposure to life stresses can lead to diminution in the capacity of stress response systems to mount a robust response to new challenges, with blunting of dynamic range - the spread between maximal attainable and minimal resting levels. We investigate the association between early life adversity and the dynamic range of adult diurnal cortisol secretion. Method: In 35-86 year-old adults, cortisol assayed from 16 saliva samples over four consecutive days was used to compute diurnal dynamic range and area under the curve (AUC)...
August 28, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137577/the-relationship-between-reverse-mortgage-borrowing-domain-and-life-satisfaction
#9
Cäzilia Loibl, Donald R Haurin, Julia K Brown, Stephanie Moulton
Objectives: Reverse mortgages allow adults aged 62 and older to borrow against the equity in their homes without incurring monthly loan repayments. This study examines the relationship of reverse mortgage borrowing with older adults' satisfaction with their financial situation, housing, health, and daily life/leisure as well as with life as a whole. Method: A new national data set of 1,088 older adults, comprised of loan data, credit histories, and responses to a phone survey, was created...
August 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124937/a-national-profile-of-functional-limitations-among-asian-indians-chinese-and-filipinos
#10
Andy Sharma
Objectives: Asian Americans are the fastest-growing minority group in the United States, yet little is known about their functional mobility. To overcome such a gap, this study examined the association between demographic/economic characteristics and functional limitations for middle-aged and older Asian Indians, Chinese, and Filipinos. Method: This study utilized microdata from the National Health Interview Survey pooled sample (2010-2016 IPUMS NHIS with a sample size of 6,767 Asians)...
August 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124930/-it-s-like-i-never-had-a-child-of-my-own-care-and-support-for-the-elderly-in-a-changing-socio-economic-context-in-rural-uganda
#11
Jovita Amurwon
Objectives: Individual households remain important for elderly care and support in resource-limited settings. Factors such as availability of young people, and ownership of assets are important for care and support for the elderly. This paper examines changing trends in accessing care and support for the elderly in a context of socio-economic changes such as increasing school attendance and outmigration of youth from rural areas. Methods: Rich data from the life stories of individuals from 22 households in rural Uganda collected in 2009-2010 were analysed...
August 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107532/use-and-opinions-of-prescription-opioids-among-older-american-adults-sociodemographic-predictors
#12
Hanna Grol-Prokopczyk
Objectives: This study identifies sociodemographic predictors of prescription opioid use among older adults (age 65+) during the peak decade of U.S. opioid prescription, and tests whether pain level and Medicaid coverage mediate the association between low wealth and opioid use. Predictors of prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use, and of opinions of both drug classes, are also examined. Method: Regressions of opioid and NSAID use on sociodemographic characteristics, pain level, and insurance type were conducted using Health and Retirement Study 2004 core and 2005 Prescription Drug Study data (n=3,721)...
August 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107593/age-effects-in-sequence-construction-for-a-continuous-cognitive-task-similar-sequence-trends-but-fewer-switch-points
#13
Corinna E Löckenhoff, Joshua L Rutt, Gregory R Samanez-Larkin, Casey Gallagher, Ted O'Donoghue, Valerie F Reyna
OBJECTIVES: Many real-life settings require decision-makers to sort a pre-determined set of outcomes or activities into a preferred sequence, and people vary in whether they prefer to tackle the most challenging aspects first, leave them for the last, or intersperse them with less challenging outcomes. Prior research on age differences in sequence-preferences has focused on discrete and hypothetical events. The present study expands this work by examining sequence-preferences for a realistic, continuous, sustained, and cognitively challenging task...
August 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102393/differences-in-the-associations-between-memory-complaints-and-depressive-symptoms-among-black-and-white-older-adults
#14
Nikki L Hill, Jacqueline Mogle, Sakshi Bhargava, Emily Whitaker, In Young Bhang, Ana W Capuano, Zoe Arvanitakis, David A Bennett, Lisa L Barnes
Objective: To test whether race (specifically Black or White) moderates the relationship between memory complaints and depressive symptoms in cognitively normal older adults, and if these relationships vary by memory complaint characteristics. Methods: Data from Black (n = 551) and White (n = 1158) cognitively intact participants (Mage = 77.1, SD = 7.5; 76.6% female) in the Minority Aging Research Study and the Rush Memory and Aging Project were used. Participants completed annual clinical evaluations, including the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale and two memory complaint questions, over periods of up to 18 years...
August 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085152/a-national-dyadic-study-of-oral-sex-relationship-quality-and-well-being-among-older-couples
#15
Hui Liu, Shannon Shen, Ning Hsieh
Objectives: We examine how giving versus receiving oral sex, two processes that are linked to relationship quality, are associated with older men's and women's well-being. Method: We analyze 884 heterosexual couples from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (2010-11). We estimate Actor-Partner Interdependence Models using the SEM approach to assess three well-being outcomes: general happiness, psychological distress, and self-reported mental health...
August 4, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085145/gender-differences-in-spousal-caregivers-care-and-housework-fact-or-fiction
#16
Laura A Langner, Frank F Furstenberg
Objective: Many studies reveal a gender gap in spousal care during late life. However, this gap could be an artifact of methodological limitations (small and unrepresentative cross-sectional samples). Using a data set that overcomes these limitations, we re-examine the question of gender differences in spousal care and housework adjustment when a serious illness occurs. Method: We use biannual waves between 2001 and 2015 of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study and growth-curve analyses...
August 2, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053217/longitudinal-associations-between-loneliness-and-cognitive-ability-in-the-lothian-birth-cohort-1936
#17
Judith A Okely, Ian J Deary
Objectives: Loneliness is associated with poorer cognitive function in old age; however, the direction of this association is unknown. We tested for reciprocal associations between loneliness and the cognitive ability domains of processing speed, visuospatial ability, verbal memory, and crystalized ability. Method: We used three triennial waves of longitudinal data from the Lothian Birth Cohort Study 1936, and tested for cross-lagged associations between loneliness and cognitive abilities using cross-lagged panel models...
July 21, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053142/feeling-old-body-and-soul-the-effect-of-aging-body-reminders-on-age-identity
#18
Anne E Barrett, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Although changes in body functioning and appearance signal the aging process to ourselves and others, studies give limited attention to the effect of bodily experiences of aging on age identity. Our study examines the effect on age identity of three categories of aging body reminders: everyday body problems, body repairs, and body aids. Methods: Hierarchical linear models are run using five waves of the National Health and Aging Trends Study (2011-2015)...
July 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016531/effects-of-age-on-emotion-regulation-emotional-empathy-and-prosocial-behavior
#19
Phoebe E Bailey, Brooke Brady, Natalie C Ebner, Ted Ruffman
Objectives: The degree to which older adults experience emotional empathy and show subsequent prosocial behavior versus experience personal distress in response to another's distress remains unclear. Method: Young (n = 40; 17-29 years) and older (n = 39; 61-82 years) adults watched videos of individuals expressing pain or no pain. Pain mimicry was recorded using facial electromyography. Participants were then asked if they would spend the remaining time helping the experimenter...
July 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29986090/late-life-depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-functional-impairment-cross-sectionally-and-over-time-results-of-the-agemoode-study
#20
Kathrin Heser, Janine Stein, Melanie Luppa, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Hans-Helmut König, André Hajek, Martin Scherer, Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Wolfgang Maier, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Michael Wagner
Objectives: This study examines the relationship between late-life depressive symptoms, cognitive and functional impairment in a cohort of very old community-based participants. Methods: A sample of 1226 primary care patients was assessed at baseline (Mage = 80.6 years). Statistical analyses were conducted using baseline and 12 month follow-up data. Results: At baseline, depressed participants showed minor cognitive deficits compared to non-depressed participants, whereas functional deficits were pronounced...
July 6, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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