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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340636/changes-in-socioeconomic-differences-in-hospital-days-with-age-cumulative-disadvantage-age-as-leveler-or-both
#1
Yaoyue Hu, Taina Leinonen, Mikko Myrskylä, Pekka Martikainen
Objectives: Length of hospital stay is inversely associated with socioeconomic status (SES). It is less clear whether socioeconomic disparities in numbers of hospital days diverge or converge with age. Method: Longitudinal linked Finnish registry data (1988-2007) from 137,653 men and women aged 50-79 years at the end of 1987 were used. Trajectories of annual total hospital days by education, household income, and occupational class were estimated using negative binomial models...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329441/aging-and-the-social-ecology-of-everyday-interpersonal-perception-what-is-perceived-in-whom-and-where
#2
Vanessa L Castro, Derek M Isaacowitz
Objectives: Despite a proliferation of research in interpersonal perception and aging, no research has identified the nature of the social and emotional perceptions made by aging individuals in everyday life. In this study, we aimed to identify the social ecological features that characterize everyday interpersonal perception across the adult lifespan. Method: Three studies were conducted. Study 1 identified and compared the targets and locations of young, middle-age, and older adults' everyday interpersonal perceptions; these perceptions were categorized into types in Study 2...
January 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325175/early-parental-abuse-and-daily-assistance-to-aging-parents-with-disability-associations-with-the-middle-aged-adults-daily-well-being
#3
Yin Liu, Jooyoung Kong, Lauren R Bangerter, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the within-person association between providing daily assistance to aging parents with disability and adult children's daily mood in the context of early relationship with parents. Methods: We used data from 782 participants and 5,758 daily interviews from the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher, with 248 people self-reported providing daily assistance ranging from 1 to 8 days out of the entire daily-interview period...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325140/optimism-for-the-future-in-younger-and-older-adults
#4
Kelly A Durbin, Sarah J Barber, Maddalena Brown, Mara Mather
Objectives: Research has suggested that older adults are less optimistic about their future than younger adults; however, a limitation of prior studies is that younger and older adults were forecasting to different ages and stages of life. To address this, we investigated whether there are age differences in future optimism when people project to the exact same age. We also tested whether optimism differs when projecting one's own future versus another person's future. Method: Participants were 285 younger and 292 older adults recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk...
January 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319798/volunteering-among-older-adults-life-course-correlates-and-consequences
#5
Deborah Carr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309693/taking-the-biggest-first-age-differences-in-preferences-for-monetary-and-hedonic-sequences
#6
JoNell Strough, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Andrew M Parker
Objectives: People face decisions about how to sequence payments and events, including when to schedule bigger events relative to smaller ones. We examine age differences in these sequence preferences. Methods: We gave a national adult life-span sample (n = 1,296, mean = 53.06 years, standard deviation = 16.33) four scenarios describing a positive or negative hedonic (enjoyable weekends, painful dental procedures) or monetary (receiving versus paying money) event...
January 4, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304239/cohort-difference-in-age-related-trajectories-in-network-size-in-old-age-are-networks-expanding
#7
Bianca Suanet, Oliver Huxhold
Objectives: Contemporary societal views on old age as well as a rise in retirement age raise the question whether patterns of stability and/or decline in network size as found in earlier studies similarly apply to later birth cohorts of older adults. Methods: Change score models are estimated to determine cohort differences in age-related trajectories in network size. Two birth cohorts (1928-37 and 1938-47, 55-64 at baseline in 1992 and 2002) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam are followed across 4 observations over a time span of 9 years...
January 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304226/predictors-of-health-service-utilization-among-older-men-in-jamaica
#8
Douladel Willie-Tyndale, Julian McKoy Davis, Desmalee Holder-Nevins, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon, Kenneth James, Norman K Waldron, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
Objectives: To determine the relative influence of sociodemographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and health variables on health service utilization in the last 12 months. Methods: Data were analyzed for 1,412 men ≥60 years old from a 2012 nationally representative community-based survey in Jamaica. Associations between six health service utilization variables and several explanatory variables were explored. Logistic regression models were used to identify independent predictors of each utilization measure and determine the strengths of associations...
January 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304203/primary-caregivers-in-a-network-context
#9
Christopher Steven Marcum, Sato Ashida, Laura M Koehly
Objectives: Caregiving to individuals affected by Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD) is a family-systems process where tasks are distributed between multiple caregivers in a network. We evaluate the extent to which multiple network members nominate one another as filling primary caregiver (PCG) roles and factors associated with nomination. Method: Data come from the Caregiving Roles and Expectations Networks project, which aimed to characterize the caregiving networks of families affected by ADRD...
January 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301035/planning-for-the-future-of-psychological-research-on-aging
#10
Derek M Isaacowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281060/measuring-wisdom-existing-approaches-continuing-challenges-and-new-developments
#11
Judith Glück
The question how wisdom can best be measured is still open to debate. Currently, there are two groups of wisdom measures: open-ended performance measures and self-report measures. This overview article describes the most popular current measures of wisdom: the Berlin Wisdom Paradigm, the Bremen Wisdom Paradigm, Grossmann's wise-reasoning approach, the Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, the Self-Assessed Wisdom Scale, and the Adult Self-Transcendence Inventory. It discusses the specific challenges of both open-ended and self-report approaches with respect to content validity, convergent and divergent validity, concurrent and discriminant validity, and ecological validity...
December 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267970/value-relativism-and-perspective-taking-are-two-distinct-facets-of-wisdom-related-knowledge
#12
Ute Kunzmann, Jana Nowak, Stefanie Thomas, Steffen Nestler
Objectives: There has been mixed evidence for age differences in wisdom-related knowledge across the adult life span. This study investigated two potential moderators of the link between age and wisdom-related knowledge: the wisdom criteria and the wisdom tasks. Method: To test these moderators, 40 younger and 40 older participants completed four wisdom tasks differing in context-richness. Independent trained raters coded the resulting think-aloud protocols in terms of value relativism, as defined in the Berlin wisdom paradigm, and perspective taking, as defined by Grossmann...
December 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267938/conflict-with-mothers-and-siblings-during-caregiving-differential-costs-for-black-and-white-adult-children
#13
J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan, Marissa Rurka, Gulcin Con, Siyun Peng, Karl Pillemer
Objectives: Family conflict has been found to play a role in caregivers' psychological well-being; however, few studies have considered race differences in the prevalence and consequences of caregiving conflict. In this paper, we use mixed-methods to examine differences in the experiences of conflict among Black and White adult children caring for mothers. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 279 adult-child caregivers (213 White; 66 Black)...
December 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244125/discourse-features-among-providers-patients-and-companions-and-their-effect-on-outcomes-of-dementia-diagnosis-disclosure
#14
Matthew J Wynn, Brian D Carpenter
Objectives: Receiving a diagnosis of dementia has major implications. Although protocols for disclosing difficult information have been developed for other health conditions, no such evidence-based method exists for dementia. As a step toward that goal, this study analyzed the discourse within dementia diagnosis disclosure sessions to identify conversational features associated with psychological outcomes. Method: The Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) was used to code the discourse among patients, their companions, and providers during 84 dementia diagnosis disclosure sessions following an initial evaluation at an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center...
December 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240950/what-did-you-do-today-variability-in-daily-activities-is-related-to-variability-in-daily-cognitive-performance
#15
Allison A M Bielak, Jacqueline Mogle, Martin J Sliwinski
Objectives: Are the activities we do each day related to fluctuations in our daily cognitive performance? Positive longitudinal associations between cognitive, physical, and social activities and cognitive ability in adulthood are well established. However little is known about how this relationship may operate at the daily level. Methods: Community-dwelling participants 60-90 years of age (M = 69.41; n = 146) reported their activity participation and completed cognitive tests online for 7 consecutive days...
December 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237034/long-term-care-provision-and-the-well-being-of-spousal-caregivers-an-analysis-of-138-european-regions
#16
Melanie Wagner, Martina Brandt
Objectives: The individual burden of caring for one's relatives not only depends on care characteristics but is also related to contextual factors. The objective of this study is to determine whether regional formal long-term care provision is linked to the well-being of spousal caregivers introducing the concept of "control" as central pathway to explain this link. Method: We applied multilevel analysis using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) from over 29,000 Europeans and 1,800 spousal caregivers located in 138 regions in 11 countries to analyze the effects of regional contexts on caregiver well-being...
December 11, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237036/a-commentary-on-research-on-death-and-end-of-life-issues
#17
Neal Krause
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220523/interviewers-ratings-of-respondents-health-predictors-and-association-with-mortality
#18
Dana Garbarski, Nora Cate Schaeffer, Jennifer Dykema, Deborah Carr
Objectives: Recent research indicates that survey interviewers' ratings of respondents' health (IRH) may provide supplementary health information about respondents in surveys of older adults. Although IRH is a potentially promising measure of health to include in surveys, our understanding of the factors contributing to IRH remains incomplete. Methods: We use data from the 2011 face-to-face wave of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, a longitudinal study of older adults from the Wisconsin high school class of 1957 and their selected siblings...
December 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190392/reminiscence-in-everyday-conversations-a-naturalistic-observation-study-of-older-adults
#19
Burcu Demiray, Marianne Mischler, Mike Martin, Bob G Knight
Objectives: We examined older adults' social reminiscence behavior in everyday life, and the relation between reminiscence functions and well-being. Method: The sample included 2,164 sound snippets that included speech from 45 healthy older adults. We examined reminiscence in daily conversations using the Electronically Activated Recorder. Across four days, we collected a random sample of about 280 sound files (30 seconds long) per participant. Participants' utterances were coded for whether they included reminiscence, for their functions and conversation partners...
November 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190369/decision-making-preferences-and-deprescribing-perspectives-of-older-adults-and-companions-about-their-medicines
#20
Kristie Weir, Brooke Nickel, Vasi Naganathan, Carissa Bonner, Kirsten McCaffery, Stacy M Carter, Andrew McLachlan, Jesse Jansen, Deborah Carr
Objectives: Polypharmacy in the older population is increasing-and can be harmful. It can be safe to reduce or carefully cease medicines (deprescribing) but a collaborative approach between patient and doctor is required. This study explores decision-making about polypharmacy with older adults and their companions. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 older people (aged 75+ years, taking multiple medicines) and 15 companions. Framework analysis was used to identify qualitative themes...
November 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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