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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658937/loneliness-social-integration-and-incident-dementia-over-6-years-prospective-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#1
Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Martin Orrell, Eleonora d'Orsi, Eef Hogervorst, Andrew Steptoe
Objectives: Social relationships are important for the maintenance of cognitive function at older ages, with both objective features of social networks and perceived social connections (loneliness) being relevant. There is limited evidence about how different aspects of social experience predict diagnosed dementia. Methods: The sample comprised 6,677 dementia-free individuals at baseline (2004) from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Baseline information on loneliness, number of close relationships, marital status, and social isolation (contact with family and friends and participation in organizations) was analyzed in relation to incident dementia over an average 6...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658936/associations-of-multimorbid-medical-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-african-american-men
#2
Olivio J Clay, Martinique Perkins, Gail Wallace, Michael Crowe, Patricia Sawyer, Cynthia J Brown
Background: African American (AA) men battling multiple morbidities are tasked with managing the components of each condition and are at greater risk for adverse outcomes such as poor health-related quality of life (QOL), disability, and higher mortality rates. Method: Baseline data for AA men from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging were utilized. Factor analysis was used to categorize medical conditions and create factor scores. Covariate-adjusted regression models assessed the relationships between categories of conditions and physical and mental health-related QOL as assessed by the SF-12...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651372/living-arrangements-disability-and-gender-of-older-adults-among-rural-south-africa
#3
Enid Schatz, Margaret Ralston, Sangeetha Madhavan, Mark A Collinson, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé
Objective: A limited understanding exists of the relationship between disability and older persons' living arrangements in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). We examine the associations between living arrangements, disability, and gender for individuals older than 50 years in rural South Africa. Method: Using the Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) survey and Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) data, we explore older persons' self-reported disability by living arrangements and gender, paying particular attention to various multigenerational arrangements...
June 23, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645192/frequent-sexual-activity-predicts-specific-cognitive-abilities-in-older-adults
#4
Hayley Wright, Rebecca A Jenks, Nele Demeyere
Objectives: This study replicates and extends the findings of previous research (Wright, H., & Jenks, R. A. (2016). Sex on the brain! Associations between sexual activity and cognitive function in older age. Age and Ageing, 45, 313-317. doi:10.1093/ageing/afv197) which found a significant association between sexual activity (SA) and cognitive function in older adults. Specifically, this study aimed to generalize these findings to a range of cognitive domains, and to assess whether increasing SA frequency is associated with increasing scores on a variety of cognitive tasks...
June 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637214/health-and-social-physical-environment-profiles-among-older-adults-living-alone-associations-with-depressive-symptoms
#5
Sojung Park, Jacqui Smith, Ruth E Dunkle, Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Toni C Antonucci
Objectives: We examined differences in depressive symptoms among people 65 and older who live alone, exploring whether these differences are associated with both health and environmental contexts. Method: Data are from the 2006 wave of Health Retirement Study (N = 2,956, age range: 65-104). We used a two-step cluster analytical approach to identify subgroups of health-limitation profiles and environmental profiles. Logistic regression models determined associations between subgroups and depressive symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633505/aging-parents-daily-support-exchanges-with-adult-children-suffering-problems
#6
Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Kira S Birditt, Karen L Fingerman
Objectives: When adult children incur life problems (e.g., divorce, job loss, health problems), aging parents generally report providing more frequent support and experiencing poorer well-being. Yet, it is unclear how adult children's problems may influence aging parents' daily support exchanges with these children or the parents' daily mood. Methods: Aging parents from the Family Exchanges Study Wave 2 (N = 207, Mage = 79.86) reported providing and receiving emotional support, practical support, and advice from each adult child each day for 7 days...
June 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633470/longitudinal-trajectories-of-quality-of-life-and-depression-by-housing-tenure-status
#7
Agnes Szabo, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637329/health-benefits-associated-with-three-helping-behaviors-evidence-for-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#8
Jeffrey A Burr, Saehwang Han, Hyo Jung Lee, Jane L Tavares, Jan E Mutchler
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between three helping behaviors and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD; heart attack, stroke; fatal and nonfatal), with an exploration of gender differences. The study is framed within the caregiving system model. Helping others is argued to be an evolved characteristic of humans that yields beneficial health effects. Methods: Data were taken from the 2004-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
June 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633326/the-association-between-subjective-memory-complaints-and-sleep-within-older-african-american-adults
#9
Alyssa A Gamaldo, Regina S Wright, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Jason C Allaire, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to examine the association between subjective memory complaints and sleep (quantity and quality) in African American older adults. Method: Participants from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging (BSBA; n = 351; mean age = 71.99) completed a self-report sleep scale, subjective memory complaint scale, global cognitive status measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results: Worse overall sleep quality was significantly associated with subjective reports of difficulty recalling the placement of objects, recalling specific facts from reading materials, and worse memory currently compared to the past...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633322/the-detrimental-consequences-of-overestimating-future-health-in-late-life
#10
Jeremy M Hamm, Stefan T Kamin, Judith G Chipperfield, Raymond P Perry, Frieder R Lang
Objectives: Although forecasting a positive future can be adaptive, it may not be when expectations are unmet. Our study examined whether such inaccurate expectations about future health status (overestimation) were maladaptive for older adults who commonly experience late life declines in physical functioning. Method: We analyzed data from the nationally representative German Aging Survey (DEAS; 1996-2011; n = 2,539; age range 60-85 years) using multilevel growth models that assessed the influence of inaccurate health expectations on older adults' physical functioning over a 9-year period...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633286/do-treatment-attitudes-and-decisions-of-psychotherapists-in-training-depend-on-a-patient-s-age
#11
Eva-Marie Kessler, Teresa Schneider
Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze how psychotherapists' treatment attitudes and decisions depend on a patient's age. Methods: A sample of psychotherapists-in-training (N = 97) responded to questions concerning a naturalistic case vignette of a female patient with symptoms of depression and anxiety. The patient was described as being either 79 or 47 years old. Results: Results revealed no evidence that psychotherapists-in-training had more negative treatment attitudes towards an older relative to a younger patient...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605554/religious-heterogamy-and-partnership-quality-in-later-life
#12
Markus H Schafer, Soyoung Kwon
Objectives: Prior research points to the importance of couple-level religious similarity for multiple dimensions of partnership quality and stability but few studies have investigated whether this association holds for older couples. Method: The current article uses dyadic data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a representative sample of 953 individuals age 62-91 plus their marital or cohabiting partners. We use modified actor-partner interdependence models...
June 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591828/measuring-successful-aging-with-respect-for-preferences-of-older-persons
#13
Koen Decancq, Alexander Michiels
Objectives: This paper explores how to measure successful aging in a manner consistent with the preferences of older persons about what matters in their lives. Method: To overcome the fact that existing objective and subjective measures of successful aging may not reflect the preferences of older persons about what matters in their lives, a new preference-based measure of successful aging is proposed. To implement the measure, the preferences of older persons are estimated using a statistical life satisfaction model, which is estimated with data from 11 European countries from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)...
June 7, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575387/older-adults-without-close-kin-in-the-united-states
#14
Rachel Margolis, Ashton M Verdery
Objectives: We document the size and characteristics of the population of older adults without close kin in the contemporary United States. Methods: Using the Health and Retirement Study, we examine the prevalence of lacking different types and combinations of living kin, examine how kinless-ness is changing across birth cohorts, and provide estimates of kinless-ness for sociodemographic and health groups. Results: In 1998-2010, 6.6% of U...
June 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575476/depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-memory-complaints-in-the-prism-sample
#15
Jong-Sung Yoon, Neil Charness, Walter R Boot, Sara J Czaja, Wendy A Rogers
Objectives: The current study investigated baseline and longitudinal relationships between memory complaints, depressive symptoms, and cognition in older adults. Method: Using the sample from the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management trial, we generated path models predicting self-rated memory complaints measured by the Memory Functioning Questionnaire (MFQ). Results: Our baseline models showed that more depressive symptoms were associated with reporting more frequent forgetting incidents and a greater decline in memory function...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575472/population-aging-and-health-trajectories-at-older-ages
#16
Eric M Vogelsang, James M Raymo, Jersey Liang, Erika Kobayashi, Taro Fukaya
Objective: This study examines relationships between municipal age structure and two types of self-rated health: general (SRH) and comparison with similar-aged peers (C-SRH). Methods: Using a national sample of almost 5,000 Japanese older adults over two decades, we employ hierarchical growth curve models to estimate health trajectories. For municipal age structure, we consider both the relative prevalence of elderly adults in the local population and the pace of aging over time...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575329/is-the-association-between-late-life-morbidity-and-disability-attenuated-over-time-exploring-the-dynamic-equilibrium-of-morbidity-hypothesis
#17
Muhammad Zakir Hossin, Olof Östergren, Stefan Fors
Objective: There is evidence suggesting that the prevalence of disability in late life has declined over time while the prevalence of chronic diseases has increased. The dynamic equilibrium of morbidity hypothesis suggests that these patterns are due to the attenuation of the morbidity-disability link over time. This study aimed to test this assumption empirically. Methods: Data were drawn from three repeated cross-sections of SWEOLD, a nationally representative survey of the Swedish population aged 77 years and older...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575487/late-life-employment-histories-and-their-association-with-work-and-family-formation-during-adulthood-a-sequence-analysis-based-on-elsa
#18
Morten Wahrendorf, Paola Zaninotto, Hanno Hoven, Jenny Head, Ewan Carr
Objectives: To extend research on workforce participation beyond age 50 by describing entire employment histories in later life and testing their links to prior life course conditions. Methods: We use data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, with retrospective information on employment histories between age 50 and 70 for 1,103 men and 1,195 women (n = 2,298). We apply sequence analysis and group respondents into eight clusters with similar histories. Using multinomial regressions, we then test their links to labor market participation, partnership, and parenthood histories during early (age 20-34) and mid-adulthood (age 35-49)...
May 31, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549186/applying-within-family-differences-approaches-to-enhance-understanding-of-the-complexity-of-intergenerational-relations
#19
J Jill Suitor, Megan Gilligan, Karl Pillemer, Karen L Fingerman, Kyungmin Kim, Merril Silverstein, Vern L Bengtson
Objectives: The role of family relationships in the lives of older adults has received substantial attention in recent decades. Scholars have increasingly looked beyond simple models of family relations to approaches that recognize the complex and sometimes contradictory nature of these ties. One of the most exciting conceptual and methodological developments is the application of within-family differences approaches. In this paper, we focus on the ways in which such within-family approaches can extend the understanding of patterns and consequences of intergenerational ties in adulthood...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#20
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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