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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093448/eating-alone-yet-living-with-others-is-associated-with-mortality-in-older-men-the-jages-cohort-survey
#1
Yukako Tani, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yasuhiro Miyaguni, Masashige Saito, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVES: Eating by oneself may be a risk factor for poor nutritional and mental statuses among older adults. However, their longitudinal association with mortality in relation to coresidential status is unknown. METHOD: We conducted a 3-year follow-up of participants in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a population-based cohort of 65 years or older Japanese adults. We analyzed mortality for 33,083 men and 38,698 women from 2010 to 2013 and used. Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for mortality...
January 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077430/successful-aging-as-the-intersection-of-individual-resources-age-environment-and-experiences-of-well-being-in-daily-activities
#2
Shannon T Mejía, Lindsay H Ryan, Richard Gonzalez, Jacqui Smith
OBJECTIVE: We conceptualize successful aging as a cumulative index of individual resources (the absence of disease and disability, high cognitive and physical functioning, social embeddedness) in the service of successful aging outcomes (global well-being, experienced well-being, and vital status), and conditioned by age, social structure, and environment. METHOD: The study used baseline and follow-up data from the 2008-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (N = 17,230; age = 51-101)...
January 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057696/using-a-smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-protocol-with-community-dwelling-older-african-americans
#3
Heather Fritz, Wassim Tarraf, Dan J Saleh, Malcolm P Cutchin
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the feasibility of smartphone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approaches to collect psychosocial data from older populations, especially disadvantaged older populations. In response to this gap, this report provides evidence of the feasibility and utility of a smartphone-based EMA approach for real-time assessment with older African Americans. In addition, we share lessons learned about how to improve utility. METHODS: Ninety-seven older African Americans ages 55 and older (range: 55-95 years) used an Android smartphone loaded with an EMA application to provide data about their everyday activities and stress four times per day for seven consecutive days...
January 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052929/physical-functioning-and-disability-trajectories-by-age-of-migration-among-mexican-elders-in-the-united-states
#4
Marc A Garcia, Adriana M Reyes
OBJECTIVES: To address a gap in our understanding of the long-term consequences of nativity and age of migration for the health of the Mexican elderly population. METHOD: We employ age graded latent growth curve models stratified by gender to examine the extent of physical functioning and disability, measured in terms of performance-oriented mobility assessments (POMAs) and activities of daily living (ADLs) after age 65 in a large longitudinal sample of Mexican-origin individuals...
January 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044003/fear-of-crime-in-old-age-a-sample-case-of-resilience
#5
Werner Greve, Bernhard Leipold, Cathleen Kappes
OBJECTIVES: Research on fear of crime (FOC) in adulthood has often shown a positive age relation, whereas the risk of criminal victimization decreases with age. The present study distinguishes three dimensions of FOC (affective, cognitive, and behavioral component) and attempts to investigate possible explanations for differential age correlations by referring to processes of adaptation and resilience. In particular, the functionality of FOC and its impact on the individual's well-being is assumed to be influenced by the individual's capacity to accommodate to adverse circumstances...
January 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034903/analyzing-dyadic-data-using-grid-sequence-analysis-interdyad-differences-in-intradyad-dynamics
#6
Miriam Brinberg, Nilam Ram, Gizem Hülür, Timothy R Brick, Denis Gerstorf
OBJECTIVES: Spouses are proximal contexts for and influence each other's behaviors, particularly in old age. In this article, we forward an integrated approach that merges state space grid methods adapted from the dynamic systems literature with sequence analysis methods adapted from molecular biology into a "grid-sequence" method for studying interdyad differences in intradyad dynamics. METHOD: Using dyadic data from 108 older couples (MAge = 75.18 years) with six within-day emotion and activity reports over 7 days, we illustrate how grid-sequence analysis can be used to identify a taxonomy of dyads with different emotion dynamics...
December 29, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025282/memory-resilience-to-alzheimer-s-genetic-risk-sex-effects-in-predictor-profiles
#7
Kirstie L McDermott, G Peggy McFall, Shea J Andrews, Kaarin J Anstey, Roger A Dixon
OBJECTIVES: Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 and Clusterin (CLU) C alleles are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and episodic memory (EM) decline. Memory resilience occurs when genetically at-risk adults perform at high and sustained levels. We investigated whether (a) memory resilience to AD genetic risk is predicted by biological and other risk markers and (b) the prediction profiles vary by sex and AD risk variant. METHOD: Using a longitudinal sample of nondemented adults (n = 642, aged 53-95) we focused on memory resilience (over 9 years) to 2 AD risk variants (APOE, CLU)...
December 26, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025281/meta-analysis-of-driving-cessation-and-dementia-does-sex-matter
#8
Nicolette Baines, Bonnie Au, Mark J Rapoport, Gary Naglie, Mary C Tierney
OBJECTIVES: The number of drivers with dementia is expected to increase over the coming decades. Because dementia is associated with a higher risk of crashes, driving cessation becomes inevitable as the disease progresses, but many people with dementia resist stopping to drive. This meta-analysis examines whether there are sex differences in the prevalence and incidence of driving cessation among drivers with dementia and compares the pattern of sex differences in drivers with dementia to those without dementia...
December 26, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025280/what-accounts-for-the-relationship-between-internet-use-and-suicidal-ideation-of-korean-older-adults-a-mediation-analysis
#9
Hey Jung Jun, Myoung-Yong Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the relationship between Internet use and suicidal ideation in Korean older adults and the mediating roles of social relationships and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A nationally representative sample of older adults aged 50 or older (N = 6,306), from four waves of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, was used in the analyses. All analyses were conducted using generalized estimation equations, and the mediation effects of social relationship satisfaction and depression in the relationship between Internet use and suicidal ideation were calculated using the product-of-coefficients approach...
December 26, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013280/intrinsic-emotional-fluctuation-in-daily-negative-affect-across-adulthood
#10
Yin Liu, Lauren R Bangerter, Michael J Rovine, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
OBJECTIVES: The study explored daily negative affect (NA) fluctuation, its associations with age, and its developmental characteristics. METHOD: The sample (n = 790) was drawn from the Midlife Development in the United States; participants completed two 8-day daily diaries 10 years apart. Multilevel models were estimated within each diary component, where two single daily NA (depression and nervousness) and daily NA diversity were predicted separately by daily stressor exposures, physical health symptoms, age, gender, education, and neuroticism...
December 24, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998895/elder-mistreatment-among-chinese-american-families-do-acculturation-and-traditionalism-matter
#11
Xiang Gao, Fei Sun, David R Hodge
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of acculturation and Chinese traditionalism on elder mistreatment (EM) among Chinese American older adults. METHOD: We used a mixed method design in this 2-phase cross-sectional exploratory study conducted in the Phoenix metropolitan area. In Phase I, we conducted four focus groups to develop a culturally relevant EM assessment tool. In Phase II, we administered a survey incorporating this tool to 266 community-dwelling Chinese American older adults aged 60 and older...
December 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998894/modeling-successful-aging-over-time-in-the-context-of-a-disaster
#12
Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Rachel Pruchno, Allison R Heid
OBJECTIVE: Positing that successful aging (SA) has independent, yet related components that are both objective and subjective, we examine how the indicators of SA change over time and how exposure to a disaster affects the developmental course of SA. METHOD: Data were gathered from 5,688 people aged 50-74 years living in New Jersey who participated in baseline telephone interviews between 2006 and 2008 and then were reassessed up to four times over the following 9 years...
December 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988483/the-role-of-task-understanding-on-younger-and-older-adults-performance
#13
David J Frank, Dayna R Touron
OBJECTIVES: Age-related performance decrements have been linked to inferior strategic choices. Strategy selection models argue that accurate task representations are necessary for choosing appropriate strategies. But no studies to date have compared task representations in younger and older adults. Metacognition research suggests age-related deficits in updating and utilizing strategy knowledge, but other research suggests age-related sparing when information can be consolidated into a coherent mental model...
December 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988482/toward-a-more-comprehensive-concept-of-successful-aging-disability-and-care-needs
#14
Clemens Tesch-Römer, Hans-Werner Wahl
Rowe and Kahn's model of Successful Aging 2.0 argues that changing environmental settings, societal policies, and individual life styles will lead to a significant extension of healthy life years. Recent epidemiological research, however, confirms the dilemma that the ongoing extension of life expectancy prolongs not only the years in good health but also those in poor health. We see it as a major limitation that Rowe and Kahn's model is not able to cover the emerging linkage between increasing life expectation and aging with disability and care needs...
December 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986850/antecedents-of-gray-divorce-a-life-course-perspective
#15
I-Fen Lin, Susan L Brown, Matthew R Wright, Anna M Hammersmith
OBJECTIVES: Increasingly, older adults are experiencing divorce, yet little is known about the risk factors associated with divorce after age 50 (termed "gray divorce"). Guided by a life course perspective, our study examined whether key later life turning points are related to gray divorce. METHOD: We used data from the 1998-2012 Health and Retirement Study to conduct a prospective, couple-level discrete-time event history analysis of the antecedents of gray divorce...
December 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986849/what-does-successful-aging-mean-lay-perception-of-successful-aging-among-elderly-singaporeans
#16
Qiushi Feng, Paulin Tay Straughan
OBJECTIVES: We explore the culturally specific meaning of successful aging in Singapore, an ethnically diverse city-state in Asia. We aim to investigate lay perceptions of successful aging among the elderly individuals in Singapore and further examine variations of these perceptions. METHODS: We applied a mixed-method research design. Firstly, we conducted qualitative interviews with 49 elderly respondents, generating 12 main subjective components of successful aging...
December 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927747/mainland-chinese-implicit-theory-of-wisdom-generational-and-cultural-differences
#17
Chao S Hu, Michel Ferrari, Ru-De Liu, Qin Gao, Ethan Weare
OBJECTIVES: This is the first study on the Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom. To understand the role of culture and social changes in the implicit theory of wisdom, cultural and generational differences were explored. METHOD: Two generations of Mainland Chinese, 50 older adults (age 60-80 years) and 50 younger adults (age 20-30 years), were interviewed individually. Participants first nominated personal acquaintances and historical figures as wisdom exemplars and then gave their own definition of wisdom...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927746/the-association-between-informal-caregiving-and-exit-from-employment-among-older-workers-prospective-findings-from-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#18
Ewan Carr, Emily T Murray, Paola Zaninotto, Dorina Cadar, Jenny Head, Stephen Stansfeld, Mai Stafford
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated associations between informal caregiving and exit from paid employment among older workers in the United Kingdom. METHOD: Information on caregiving and work status for 8,473 older workers (aged 50-75 years) was drawn from five waves of Understanding Society (2009-2014). We used discrete-time survival models to estimate the associations of caring intensity and type on the probability of exiting paid work (from >0 to 0 hours/week) in the following year...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927745/the-health-benefits-of-moderate-drinking-in-older-adults-may-be-better-explained-by-socioeconomic-status
#19
Andy Towers, Michael Philipp, Patrick Dulin, Joanne Allen
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether a relationship between alcohol use and health exists for older adults before and after controlling for proxy and full indicators of socioeconomic status (SES). METHOD: Secondary analysis of data from 2,908 participants in the New Zealand Longitudinal Study of Ageing (2012) completing measures of alcohol use, health, SES proxies (income, education) and SES. Sample mean age was 65, 52% were female, more than 80% were drinkers, and more than 75% had educational qualifications...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927744/student-debt-spans-generations-characteristics-of-parents-who-borrow-to-pay-for-their-children-s-college-education
#20
Katrina M Walsemann, Jennifer A Ailshire
OBJECTIVES: Discussions of student debt often overlook the debt parents take on to pay for their children's education. We identify characteristics of parents with child-related educational debt among the late baby boom cohort. METHOD: Data come from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, a nationally representative sample of individuals born between 1957 and 1964. We restrict our sample to parents who had any children aged ≥17 and answered questions on educational debt during midlife (n = 6,562)...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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