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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412237/depression-in-later-life-the-role-of-adult-children-s-college-education-for-older-parents-mental-health-in-the-united-states
#1
Jenjira J Yahirun, Connor M Sheehan, Krysia N Mossakowski
Objectives: Research on the socioeconomic gradient in mental health links disadvantaged family background with subsequent symptoms of depression, demonstrating the "downstream" effect of parental resources on children's mental health. This study takes a different approach by evaluating the "upstream" influence of adult children's educational attainment on parents' depressive symptoms. Methods: Using longitudinal data from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (N=106,517 person-years), we examine whether children's college attainment influences their parents' mental health in later life and whether this association increases with parental age...
November 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412233/a-community-choir-intervention-to-promote-well-being-among-diverse-older-adults-results-from-the-community-of-voices-trial
#2
Julene K Johnson, Anita L Stewart, Michael Acree, Anna M NĂ¡poles, Jason D Flatt, Wendy B Max, Steven E Gregorich
Objectives: To test effects of the Community of Voices choir intervention on the health, well-being, and healthcare costs of racial/ethnically diverse older adults. Method: Twelve Administration-on-Aging-supported senior centers were cluster randomized into two groups: the intervention group started the choir immediately and a wait-list control group began the choir 6 months later. The 12-month choir program was designed for community-dwelling adults aged 60 and over...
November 9, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30407604/older-adults-lure-discrimination-difficulties-on-the-mnemonic-similarity-test-are-significantly-correlated-with-their-visual-perception
#3
Patrick S R Davidson, Petar Vidjen, Sara Trincao-Batra, Charles A Collin
OBJECTIVES: Pattern separation in memory encoding entails creating and storing distinct, detailed representations to facilitate storage and retrieval. The Mnemonic Similarity Test (Stark, Yassa, Lacy, & Stark, 2013) has been used to argue that normal aging leads to pattern separation decline. We sought to replicate previous reports of age-related difficulty on this behavioral pattern separation estimate, and to examine its neuropsychological correlates, specifically long-term memory function, executive function, and visual perception...
November 8, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395314/effects-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-episodic-memory-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-pilot-study
#4
Rosa Manenti, Marco Sandrini, Elena Gobbi, Giuliano Binetti, Maria Cotelli
Objectives: Episodic memory is impaired in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), which is posited as a potential prodromal form of Alzheimer's disease. Reactivated existing memories become sensitive to modification during reconsolidation. There is evidence that the lateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays causal role in episodic memory reconsolidation. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied to the PFC after a contextual reminder enhanced episodic memory performance up to one month, conceivably through reconsolidation, in older adults with subjective memory complaints, a condition that may represent a "pre-MCI" stage...
November 5, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388250/household-accessibility-and-residential-relocation-in-older-adults
#5
Marianne Granbom, Nancy Perrin, Sarah Szanton, Thomas Cudjoe, Laura N Gitlin
Objectives: It is unclear how home environmental factors influence relocation decisions. We examined whether indoor accessibility, entrance accessibility, bathroom safety features, housing type, and housing condition, were associated with relocations either within the community or to residential care facilities. Methods: We used prospective data over four years from the nationally representative National Health and Aging Trends Study in the United States of Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older living in the community (N = 7,197)...
November 2, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30388248/changes-in-physical-functioning-as-short-term-predictors-of-mortality
#6
Theresa Andrasfay
Objectives: Both performance-based and self-reported measures of physical functioning are predictors of mortality. There has been relatively little research examining whether their changes predict mortality. This study examines whether five-year changes in performance-based and self-reported measures of functioning predict subsequent mortality. Method: Data are from the 2006 wave of the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study, 2011 wave of the Taiwan Longitudinal Study of Aging, and mortality follow-up through 2015...
November 2, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380129/a-systematic-review-of-pulmonary-function-and-cognition-in-aging
#7
Emily C Duggan, Raquel B Graham, Andrea M Piccinin, Natalie D Jenkins, Sean Clouston, Graciela Muniz Terrera, Scott M Hofer
Background: Substantial research is dedicated to understanding the aging-related dynamics among individual differences in level, change, and variation across physical and cognitive abilities. Evaluating replicability and synthesizing findings has been limited by differences in measurements, samples, study design and statistical analyses which confound between-person differences with within-person changes. Here, we systematically reviewed longitudinal results on the aging-related dynamics linking pulmonary function and cognitive performance...
October 31, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30365023/loneliness-and-risk-of-dementia
#8
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Martina Luchetti, Antonio Terracciano
Objective: The present study tests whether loneliness is associated with risk of dementia in the largest sample to date and further examines whether the association is independent of social isolation, a related but independent component of social integration, and whether it varies by demographic factors and genetic vulnerability. Method: Participants from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 12,030) reported on their loneliness, social isolation, and had information on clinical, behavioral, and genetic risk factors...
October 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346616/-left-like-stones-in-the-middle-of-the-road-narratives-of-aging-alone-and-coping-strategies-in-rural-albania-and-bulgaria
#9
Nina Conkova, Julie Vullnetari, Russell King, Tineke Fokkema
Objectives: We explore and compare older adults' lived experiences and coping strategies in two post-communist countries - Albania and Bulgaria. Wholesale youth outmigration and economic and institutional regional decline have led to decaying rural areas where older adults become 'abandoned'. Aging alone, as couples or widowed, they are socially marginalized and in constant search for coping mechanisms which enable them to survive. Method: We adopt a social-psychology theoretical framework which distinguishes between problem-focused and emotion-focused coping...
October 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346591/internet-use-and-cognitive-functioning-in-late-adulthood-longitudinal-findings-from-the-survey-of-health-ageing-and-retirement-in-europe-share
#10
Stefan T Kamin, Frieder R Lang
Objectives: Research suggests that cognitive functioning is associated with technology use in late life, but longitudinal research in this domain is still sparse. This study explored the reciprocal association between Internet use and cognitive functioning over a 2-year period. Method: We analyzed representative data across 14 countries from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The sample included 29,576 participants between 50 and 100 years of age...
October 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346589/housing-transitions-and-recovery-of-older-adults-following-hurricane-sandy
#11
Alexis A Merdjanoff, Rachael Piltch-Loeb, Sarah Friedman, David M Abramson
Objectives: This study explores the effects of social and environmental disruption on emergency housing transitions among older adults following Hurricane Sandy. It is based upon the Sandy Child and Family Health (S-CAFH) Study, an observational cohort of 1,000 randomly-sampled New Jersey residents living in the nine counties most affected by Sandy. Method: This analysis examines the post-Sandy housing transitions and recovery of the young-old (55-64), mid-old (65-74) and old-old (75+) compared with younger adults (19-54)...
October 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346582/subjective-age-and-emotion-covariation-findings-from-two-daily-experience-studies
#12
Amit Shrira, Dikla Segel-Karpas, Ehud Bodner, Yuval Palgi
Objectives: This paper focuses on an aspect of emotional complexity as seen in the covariation between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA). Lifespan theories predict distinctive patterns of change in emotion covariation with chronological age. Nevertheless, research shows mixed evidence with most studies failing to find a significant connection between chronological age and emotion covariation. We propose to look beyond chronological age and assess the relationship between subjective age and emotion covariation...
October 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329112/help-seeking-among-victims-of-elder-abuse-findings-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#13
David Burnes, Ron Acierno, Melba Hernandez-Tejada
Objectives: The vast majority of elder abuse (EA) victims remain hidden from formal institutional response systems. Guided by the Behavioral Model of Health Services Use, this study examined factors that facilitate or impede formal help-seeking among victims of elder emotional abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. Method: Data came from a national, population-based EA study in the U.S. with a representative sample (n=304) of past-year victims. Gold-standard strategies were used to assess EA subtypes...
October 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329101/a-new-look-at-the-living-arrangements-of-older-americans-using-multistate-life-tables
#14
James M Raymo, Isabel Pike, Jersey Liang
Objectives: We extend existing research on the living arrangements of older Americans by focusing on geographic proximity to children, examining transitions in living arrangements across older ages, and describing differences by both race/ethnicity and educational attainment. Method: We use data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) over a period of 10 years (2000-2010) to construct multistate life tables. These analyses allow us to describe the lives of older Americans between ages 65 and 90 in terms of the number of expected years of life in different living arrangements, reflecting both mortality and living arrangement transitions...
October 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312448/unmarried-older-people-are-they-socially-better-off-today
#15
Theo G van Tilburg, Bianca Suanet
Objectives: Previous studies have shown that unmarried older adults are generally at disadvantage in personal networks and social well-being compared to the married. It can be questioned whether their situation has improved in contemporary society, as amongst others the stigma of divorce and being never-married has declined. We hypothesize differential developments in networks and well-being according to marital status (married, widowed, divorced and never-married) across birth cohorts...
October 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312447/is-living-alone-aging-alone-solitary-living-network-types-and-well-being
#16
Maja Djundeva, Pearl A Dykstra, Tineke Fokkema
Objectives: When identifying older adults who may be at risk of being without necessary supports, policy makers and scholars tend to focus on those living alone, neglecting differences within that group. We examine how their social networks contribute to subjective well-being, why some of them fare better and compare their well-being to older adults coresiding with others. Method: Data are from the fourth wave of the Survey of Health and Retirement in Europe (N=53,383)...
October 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304527/education-differentially-buffers-cognitive-performance-in-black-and-white-older-adults
#17
Kharine R Jean, Cutter A Lindbergh, Catherine M Mewborn, Talia L Robinson, Marissa A Gogniat, L S Miller
Objectives: Given that black American older adults are more likely to have lower educational attainment and perform worse on cognitive tests than white Americans, we examined whether increased education would confer greater cognitive advantage to black Americans on measures of global and specific domains of cognitive function. Methods: The sample included 522 community-dwelling older adults from a larger study. An analysis of covariance was conducted with race and education as between-participant factors and global cognition as the dependent variable...
October 10, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299520/gait-stability-in-older-adults-during-level-ground-walking-the-attentional-focus-approach
#18
Toby C T Mak, William R Young, Debbie C L Chan, Thomson W L Wong
Objectives: The objective is to investigate the effect of attentional focus instructions on gait stability during level-ground walking among older adults. Method: We recruited 140 community-dwelling older adults (mean age = 70.3 years, SD = 4.7 years) from elderly community centres in Hong Kong. The experiment included assessments on participant's characteristics and walking trials. During walking trials, each participant was invited to walk at a self-selected pace along a 6-metre walkway...
October 8, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295863/felt-respect-for-volunteer-work-and-its-associations-with-volunteering-retention-daily-affect-long-term-well-being-and-mortality
#19
Dwight C K Tse
Objectives: Volunteering is associated with improved physical and psychological well-being; volunteers feeling more respect for their work may have better well-being than their counterparts. Method: This study investigated the effects of felt respect for volunteer work on volunteering retention, daily affect, well-being (subjective, psychological, and social), and mortality. The study analyzed survey and mortality data from a national sample of 2,677 volunteers from the Midlife in the United States Study over a 20-year span...
October 6, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295844/systemic-and-reflexive-foundations-of-cumulative-dis-advantage-and-life-course-processes
#20
Dale Dannefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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