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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817928/examining-the-roles-of-technology-in-aging-and-quality-of-life
#1
Shelia R Cotten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586475/aging-in-activity-space-results-from-smartphone-based-gps-tracking-of-urban-seniors
#2
Erin York Cornwell, Kathleen A Cagney
Objectives: Prior research emphasizes the importance of the residential neighborhood context during later life but little attention has been afforded to other areas that older adults encounter as they move beyond their residential environments for daily activities and social interactions. This study examines the predominance of the residential context within older adults' everyday lives. Method: We provided 60 older adults in four New York City neighborhoods with iPhones, which captured Global Positioning Systems (GPS) locations at 5-min intervals over 1 week (n = 55,561) and 17 ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) over 4 days (n = 757) to assess real-time activities...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329835/machine-learning-sentiment-analysis-and-tweets-an-examination-of-alzheimer-s-disease-stigma-on-twitter
#3
Nels Oscar, Pamela A Fox, Racheal Croucher, Riana Wernick, Jessica Keune, Karen Hooker
Objectives: Social scientists need practical methods for harnessing large, publicly available datasets that inform the social context of aging. We describe our development of a semi-automated text coding method and use a content analysis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia portrayal on Twitter to demonstrate its use. The approach improves feasibility of examining large publicly available datasets. Method: Machine learning techniques modeled stigmatization expressed in 31,150 AD-related tweets collected via Twitter's search API based on 9 AD-related keywords...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073816/technology-access-and-use-and-their-associations-with-social-engagement-among-older-adults-do-women-and-men-differ
#4
Jeehoon Kim, Hee Yun Lee, M Candace Christensen, Joseph R Merighi
Objectives: To examine how information and communication technology (ICT) access and use are conceptually incorporated in the Successful Aging 2.0 framework. Method: Using data from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (N = 6,476), we examined how ICT access and use for different purposes are associated with social engagement (i.e., informal and formal social participation) by gender. Weighted logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Findings revealed that men were more likely to access and use ICT than women...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057696/using-a-smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-protocol-with-community-dwelling-older-african-americans
#5
Heather Fritz, Wassim Tarraf, Dan J Saleh, Malcolm P Cutchin
Objectives: Little is known about the feasibility of smartphone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approaches to collect psychosocial data from older populations, especially disadvantaged older populations. In response to this gap, this report provides evidence of the feasibility and utility of a smartphone-based EMA approach for real-time assessment with older African Americans. In addition, we share lessons learned about how to improve utility. Methods: Ninety-seven older African Americans ages 55 and older (range: 55-95 years) used an Android smartphone loaded with an EMA application to provide data about their everyday activities and stress four times per day for seven consecutive days...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025280/what-accounts-for-the-relationship-between-internet-use-and-suicidal-ideation-of-korean-older-adults-a-mediation-analysis
#6
Hey Jung Jun, Myoung-Yong Kim
Objectives: This study sought to examine the relationship between Internet use and suicidal ideation in Korean older adults and the mediating roles of social relationships and depressive symptoms. Method: A nationally representative sample of older adults aged 50 or older (N = 6,306), from four waves of the Korean Welfare Panel Study, was used in the analyses. All analyses were conducted using generalized estimation equations, and the mediation effects of social relationship satisfaction and depression in the relationship between Internet use and suicidal ideation were calculated using the product-of-coefficients approach...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702839/information-and-communication-technology-use-is-related-to-higher-well-being-among-the-oldest-old
#7
Tamara Sims, Andrew E Reed, Dawn C Carr
Objectives: Older adults often prioritize socially meaningful goals over informational goals. Thus, we predicted that using information and communication technology (ICT) in service of socially meaningful versus informational goals relates to higher well-being among the oldest-old. Method: We surveyed 445 adults aged 80+ (mean = 84, range = 80-93; 64% female; 26% non-White) online or via telephone. Participants reported motivations for ICT use (connect with others, learn new information) and rated their psychological and physical well-being (i...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558403/has-the-digital-health-divide-widened-trends-of-health-related-internet-use-among-older-adults-from-2003-to-2011
#8
Y Alicia Hong, Jinmyoung Cho
Objectives: To examine the trend of health-related Internet use (HRIU) among older adults. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2003, 2005, and 2011-2012 iterations of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). HRIU was measured by 4 online behaviors: seeking health information, buying medicine, connecting with people with similar health problems, and communicating with doctors. Results: Internet use and HRIU among older adults increased substantially from 2003 to 2011 with more significant increases in seeking health information and communicating with doctors online...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495837/gender-differences-in-mobility-device-use-among-u-s-older-adults
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lindsay J Peterson, Hongdao Meng, Debra Dobbs, Kathryn Hyer
Objectives: Research has shown greater mobility limitations among women than men. We aimed to examine (a) gender differences in the use of canes for mobility and (b) what factors contribute to these differences under the frameworks of the disablement model and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Method: Using National Health and Aging Trends Study data, we estimated hierarchical logistic regression models to predict the likelihood of cane use among older adults who completed performance-based measures (n = 5,503)...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984523/cognitive-benefits-of-online-social-networking-for-healthy-older-adults
#10
Janelle W Myhre, Matthias R Mehl, Elizabeth L Glisky
Objectives: Research suggests that older adults who remain socially active and cognitively engaged have better cognitive function than those who are isolated and disengaged. This study examined the efficacy of learning and using an online social networking website, Facebook.com, as an intervention to maintain or enhance cognitive function in older adults. Method: Forty-one older adults were assigned to learn and use Facebook (n = 14) or an online diary website (active control, n = 13) for 8 weeks or placed on a waitlist (n = 14)...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903172/positive-expectations-regarding-aging-linked-to-more-new-friends-in-later-life
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Josephine A Menkin, Theodore F Robles, Tara L Gruenewald, Elizabeth K Tanner, Teresa E Seeman
Objectives: Negative perceptions of aging can be self-fulfilling prophecies, predicting worse cognitive and physical outcomes. Although older adults are portrayed as either lonely curmudgeons or perfect grandparents, little research addresses how perceptions of aging relate to social outcomes. We considered whether more positive expectations about aging encourage older adults to maintain or bolster their social network connections and support. Method: This study examined baseline, 12-, and 24-month questionnaire data from the Baltimore Experience Corps Trial, a longitudinal randomized volunteer intervention for adults aged 60 years and older...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791279/the-association-between-anxiety-and-falls-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
David John Hallford, Geoff Nicholson, Kerrie Sanders, Marita P McCabe
Objectives: Falls occur frequently among older adults and can lead to a range of adverse and debilitating outcomes. Although symptoms of clinical anxiety have been implicated as risk factors for falls, there is no current consensus on the empirical association between anxiety and falls. The current study aimed to address this gap in the literature by conducting a quantitative, meta-analytic review of findings from previous studies. Method: A systematic literature search of bibliographic databases was conducted, yielding 18 studies that fit the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773313/age-related-decline-in-case-marker-processing-and-its-relation-to-working-memory-capacity
#13
Jee Eun Sung
Objectives: Purposes of the current study were to investigate whether age-related decline emerged in a case-marker assignment task (CMAT) and to explore the relationship between working-memory (WM) capacity and case-marker processing. Method: A total of 121 individuals participated in the study with 62 younger adults and 59 elderly adults. All were administered a CMAT that consisted of active and passive constructions with canonical and noncanonical word-order conditions...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773312/self-perception-of-aging-and-satisfaction-with-children-s-support
#14
Sheung-Tak Cheng
Objectives: Those with self-beliefs in negative aging may desire a stronger support network to buffer against potential threats and may hence see their current network as less than adequate. This study investigated whether negative self-perception of aging is associated with increased dissatisfaction with children's support. Method: Six hundred and forty Chinese older adults with at least one child and a total of 2,108 adult children rated the degree of support received from each child individually and the degree to which it met their expectation...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707498/precipitation-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults-the-moderating-role-of-functional-mobility-and-physical-activity-intentions
#15
Christiane A Hoppmann, Jessica Chak Man Lee, Jochen P Ziegelmann, Peter Graf, Karim M Khan, Maureen C Ashe
Objectives: Physical activity is a key health behavior that reduces disease risk, and yet most older adults are not very active. This study examined time-varying associations between physical activity and a recognized barrier, namely, precipitation. And it examined the moderating role of physical activity intentions and functional mobility on precipitation-physical activity associations. Method: One hundred and twenty-six older adults (M age = 72 years; 64% women) from Metro Vancouver provided health and background information and wore triaxial accelerometers for up to 10 consecutive days...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603017/limited-benefits-of-heterogeneous-dual-task-training-on-transfer-effects-in-older-adults
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maxime Lussier, Philippe Brouillard, Louis Bherer
Objectives: It has often been reported that cognitive training has limited transfer effects. The present study addresses training context variability as a factor that could increase transfer effects, as well as the manifestation through time of transfer effects. Method: Fifty-eight older adults were assigned to an active placebo or two dual-task training conditions, one in which the training context varies between sessions (heterogeneous training) and the other in a fixed training context (homogeneous training)...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26405079/retrospective-reports-of-negative-early-life-events-over-a-4-year-period-a-test-of-measurement-invariance-and-response-consistency
#17
Liat Ayalon
Objectives: The present study examined measurement invariance (i.e., construct validity), response consistency (i.e., test-retest reliability), and potential predictors of response consistency to the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) negative early life events questionnaire over two time points. Method: The study was based on the HRS psychosocial questionnaire, which is a U.S. nationally representative survey of individuals older than 50 years and their spouses of any age...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26307485/the-growth-of-older-inmate-populations-how-population-aging-explains-rising-age-at-admission
#18
Jeremy Luallen, Christopher Cutler
Objectives: Older inmates are the fastest growing segment of the prison population; however, the reasons for this are not well understood. One explanation is that the general population is aging, driving prison age distributions to change. For this article, we study the role of population aging in prison growth by investigating how the baby boom phenomenon of post-World War II has contributed to the growth of older inmate populations. Method: We identify the impact of population aging using simulation methods that explain prison growth as the combination of criminal justice processes...
September 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575387/older-adults-without-close-kin-in-the-united-states
#19
Rachel Margolis, Ashton M Verdery
Objectives: We document the size and characteristics of the population of older adults without close kin in the contemporary United States. Methods: Using the Health and Retirement Study, we examine the prevalence of lacking different types and combinations of living kin, examine how kinless-ness is changing across birth cohorts, and provide estimates of kinless-ness for sociodemographic and health groups. Results: In 1998-2010, 6.6% of U...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369568/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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