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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453655/multiple-old-ages-the-influence-of-social-context-on-women-s-aging-anxiety
#1
Anne E Barrett, Erica L Toothman
Objectives: Dominant views of aging generate anxiety for many adults-especially women, who face greater disadvantages in later life compared with men. However, little is known about changes in these concerns over time and their variation across women. Employing a feminist perspective on age relations, our study examines three social contexts affecting women's aging anxiety-social location, health, and social relationships. Method: Using a sample of women (n = 905) from Midlife in the United States (1995-1996; 2004-2006), logistic regression models examine predictors of over-time patterns in three aging anxiety sources-declining attractiveness, declining health, and reproductive aging...
April 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449135/friendship-and-depression-among-couples-in-later-life-the-moderating-effects-of-marital-quality
#2
Sae Hwang Han, Kyungmin Kim, Jeffrey A Burr
Objectives: The aims of the study were to examine within-person associations between social interactions with friends (one's own and partner's) and depressive symptoms over time among couples in later life and to investigate whether marital quality moderated the associations. Methods: We used longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (2004-2012) to examine a sample of coupled individuals (dyad N = 6,833). Dyadic growth curve models were employed to test the study hypotheses...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449084/perceived-quality-of-life-following-elder-mistreatment-in-rural-india
#3
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Aravindhan Natarajan
Objectives: Using resilience theory, we examined multiple risks (individual, familial, and mistreatment characteristics) and promotive factors (mastery and social support) associated with perceived quality of life following mistreatment and tested two competing models, compensatory and protective models, to explain the role of promotive factors in the mistreatment-wellbeing linkage. Method: Face-to-face interviews were conducted by administering standardized instruments to 897 randomly selected older adults in rural Tamil Nadu, India...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449066/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychological-well-being-in-later-life-the-mediating-effect-of-contemporary-relationships-with-the-abusive-parent
#4
Jooyoung Kong
Objectives: Parental childhood maltreatment has a negative impact on psychological well-being in adulthood. However, little is known about whether and how contemporary relationships with an abusive parent might explain the long-term harmful effects. Thus, this study aims to examine the mediating effect of later-life relationships with an abusive parent on the association between parental childhood maltreatment and psychological well-being. Methods: Using the 2004-2005 Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, this study analyzed a total of 1,696 adults aged 65 years...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444239/the-influence-of-social-conditions-across-the-life-course-on-the-human-gut-microbiota-a-pilot-project-with-the-wisconsin-longitudinal-study
#5
Pamela Herd, Nora Cate Schaeffer, Kerryann DiLoreto, Karen Jacques, John Stevenson, Federico Rey, Carol Roan
Objective: To test the feasibility of collecting and integrating data on the gut microbiome into one of the most comprehensive longitudinal studies of aging and health, the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS). The long-term goal of this integration is to clarify the contribution of social conditions in shaping the composition of the gut microbiota late in life. Research on the microbiome, which is considered to be of parallel importance to human health as the human genome, has been hindered by human studies with nonrandomly selected samples and with limited data on social conditions over the life course...
April 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444349/adult-children-s-education-and-physiological-dysregulation-among-older-parents
#6
Chioun Lee
Objectives: Despite growing awareness that children's education benefits the health of older parents, the underlying mechanisms of this relationship are not well-understood. We investigated (a) the associations between children's education and biological functioning of parents, (b) psychosocial and behavioral factors that explain the associations, and (c) gendered patterns in the associations. Methods: Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of older Taiwanese, we performed mediation analysis of the association between adult children's education and physiological dysregulation of their parents...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444303/testing-comparability-between-retrospective-life-history-data-and-prospective-birth-cohort-study-data
#7
Stephen Jivraj, Alissa Goodman, George B Ploubidis, Cesar de Oliveira
Objectives: To determine whether comparable prospective and retrospective data present the same association between childhood and life course exposures and mid-life wellbeing. Method: Prospective data is taken from the 1958 UK National Child Development Study at age 50 in 2008 and earlier sweeps (n = 8,033). Retrospective data is taken from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing at ages 50-55 from a life history interview in 2007 (n = 921). Results: There is a high degree of similarity in the direction of association between childhood exposures that have been prospectively collected in National Child Development Study and retrospectively collected in English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and wellbeing outcomes in mid-life...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444243/sexual-activity-and-relationship-quality-in-middle-and-older-age-findings-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#8
Joanna Orr, Richard Layte, Neil O'Leary
Objectives: This study assessed the association between sexual activity, mismatches in the importance attributed to sex within couples, and relationship quality in older Irish adults. Method: We used data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) to derive a scale of subjective relationship strain in married or cohabiting individuals. Negative binomial regression was used to assess the association between relationship strain and sexual activity. Separate models assessed the associations with importance of sex and within-couple mismatch in the importance attributed to sex and whether these associations were independent from sexual activity...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402464/economic-downturns-retirement-and-long-term-cognitive-function-among-older-americans
#9
Philipp Hessel, Carlos J Riumallo-Herl, Anja K Leist, Lisa F Berkman, Mauricio Avendano
Objective: Workers approaching retirement may be particularly vulnerable to economic downturns. This study assesses whether exposure to economic downturns around retirement age leads to poorer cognitive function in later life. Method: Longitudinal data for 13,577 individuals in the Health and Retirement Study were linked to unemployment rates in state of residence. Random- and fixed-effect models were used to examine whether downturns at 55-64 years of age were associated with cognitive functioning levels and decline at ≥65 years, measured by the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised...
April 11, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383666/social-discounting-in-the-elderly-senior-citizens-are-good-samaritans-to-strangers
#10
Narun Pornpattananangkul, Avijit Chowdhury, Lei Feng, Rongjun Yu
Objectives.: People tend to become more generous as they grow older, which may reflect an increase in their ego-transcending motives (i.e., concern more for the benefit of recipients than of the benefactors). The current study aimed to examine evidence for an enhanced ego-transcending motive among older adults. Methods.: We adapted the social-discounting framework to quantify generosity toward people of different social distances, ranging from socially close others (e...
April 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379560/explaining-the-gender-gap-in-the-caregiving-burden-of-partner-caregivers
#11
Joukje Swinkels, Theo van Tilburg, Ellen Verbakel, Marjolein Broese van Groenou
Objectives: We examine gender differences in the experienced burden of partner caregivers using the stress-appraisal model. Gender differences can be explained by differences in conditions of burden (primary stressors, help from others, hours of caregiving, and secondary stressors) and how strong their effects are. Method: The data are from the Netherlands' Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey-Minimum Data Set (N = 1,611 caregivers). We examine mediation and moderation effects using structural equation modeling...
April 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379498/association-of-anxiety-symptom-clusters-with-sleep-quality-and-daytime-sleepiness
#12
Christine E Gould, Adam P Spira, Victoria Liou-Johnson, Erin Cassidy-Eagle, Makoto Kawai, Nehjla Mashal, Ruth O'Hara, Sherry A Beaudreau
Objectives: To better understand links between anxiety and sleep disturbances in older adults, we examined the association of different phenotypic presentations of anxiety (i.e., affective, cognitive, and somatic clusters) with global sleep quality and daytime sleepiness. Methods: 109 community-dwelling adults aged 66-92 years old (57% female) completed assessments of global sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale), affective anxiety symptoms (Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS) affective subscale), cognitive anxiety symptoms (GAS cognitive subscale), and somatic anxiety symptoms (GAS somatic subscale)...
April 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379556/fusing-biodiversity-metrics-into-investigations-of-daily-life-illustrations-and-recommendations-with-emodiversity
#13
Lizbeth Benson, Nilam Ram, David M Almeida, Alex J Zautra, Anthony D Ong
Objectives: Functionalist emotion and ecological systems theories suggest emodiversity-the variety and relative abundance of individuals' emotion experiences-is beneficial for psychological and physical health and may change with age. This paper examines and provides recommendations for operationalization of diversity-type intraindividual variability (IIV) constructs using intensive longitudinal data, and demonstrates the utility of emodiversity by examining its links to physical health moderated by mean levels of emotion and age...
March 30, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379531/routine-support-to-parents-and-stressors-in-everyday-domains-associations-with-negative-affect-and-cortisol
#14
Jyoti Savla, Steven H Zarit, David M Almeida
Objectives: Adult children are involved a myriad of roles including providing routine (non-caregiving) support to a parent. Yet we know little about whether providing routine support to a parent is stressful and whether it has any associations with stressors in other life domains. Methods: We use daily diary data (N = 127; Study Days = 424) from the National Study of Daily Experiences to determine whether providing routine support to an older parent is associated with higher negative affect and salivary cortisol...
March 30, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369591/how-social-network-size-and-quality-affect-end-of-life-surrogate-preferences
#15
Sara M Moorman, Kathrin Boerner
Objective: Older adults typically choose their next-of-kin to serve as surrogate on their behalf should they become decisionally incapacitated at the end of life. However, some older adults do not choose their closest relative, even if they are married or parents. We compared the social networks of these latter persons to their peers who prefer a next-of-kin surrogate, anticipating differences in relationship quality and network size. Methods: We used multinomial logistic regressions to investigate the quality and size of the social networks of 1,245 persons whose next of kin was a spouse and 723 persons whose next-of-kin was an adult child, and who participated in the 2005 National Social Life, Health and Aging Project...
March 29, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369563/underestimated-health-inequalities-among-older-people-a-consequence-of-excluding-the-most-disabled-and-disadvantaged
#16
Susanne Kelfve
Objectives: The present study analyzed whether estimates of health inequalities in old age are sensitive to the exclusion of people living in institutions and nonuse of proxy interviews. Method: Pooled data from the 2004 wave (n = 1,180, aged 69-100, primarily interviewed over the phone) and the 2011 wave (n = 931, aged 76-101, primarily interviewed face-to-face) of the Swedish Panel Study of Living Conditions of the Oldest Old were used to compare absolute and relative differences in disability and mortality between people with compulsory education and people with more than compulsory education...
March 29, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369645/an-exploration-of-factors-associated-with-ageist-stereotype-threat-in-a-medical-setting
#17
Sandi Phibbs, Karen Hooker
Objectives: Experiencing stereotype threat in a medical setting may be triggered by routine clinical activities, and may be detrimental to healthcare processes and outcomes. This study estimated the prevalence of, and identified factors associated with, reporting ageist stereotype threat in a medical setting using a nationally representative dataset. Methods: Participants were community-dwelling adults aged 50 and older who had visited the doctor at least once in the past 2 years (n = 1,662)...
March 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369622/functional-status-cognition-and-social-relationships-in-dyadic-perspective
#18
Jaclyn S Wong, Ning Hsieh
Objectives: Health limitations can change older adults' social relationships and social engagement. Yet, researchers rarely examine how the disability of one's spouse might affect one's social relationships, even though such life strains are often experienced as a couple. This study investigates the association between functional and cognitive limitations and social experience in a dyadic context. Method: We use actor-partner interdependence models to analyze the partner data from 953 heterosexual couples in Wave II (2010-2011) of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project...
March 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369527/physical-function-in-an-aging-population-in-rural-south-africa-findings-from-haalsi-and-cross-national-comparisons-with-hrs-sister-studies
#19
Collin F Payne, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Kathleen Kahn, Lisa Berkman
Objectives: We use recently-collected data from the Health and Aging in Africa: a Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa (HAALSI) cohort from Agincourt, South Africa, to describe physical functioning in this aging population, and place the overall level and age-trajectories of physical health in the context of other Health and Retirement Study (HRS) sister studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Method: We conduct multiple regression to estimate associations of physical functioning assessed from both self-report (activities of daily living [ADL] limitation, self-reported health) and performance (grip strength, gait speed) with socio-demographic and health characteristics in HAALSI, and use fully-interacted regression models to compare age-patterns of physical functioning outcomes cross-nationally...
March 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369574/longitudinal-trajectories-of-quality-of-life-and-depression-by-housing-tenure-status
#20
Agnes Szabo, Joanne Allen, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
Objectives: A large body of research has demonstrated the positive effects of home ownership on well-being and health outcomes. However, most previous studies have been cross-sectional. The present study aimed to understand the long-term impact of housing tenure on the psychological wellbeing of older people in New Zealand. Method: Data were collected between 2010 and 2014. The 2010 sample (aged from 50-85 years) comprised 2,843 participants (55.4% female). Latent growth curve modeling was used to investigate trajectories of change for home owners and tenants in quality of life and depression symptoms...
March 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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