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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852739/perceived-income-adequacy-and-well-being-among-older-adults-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Theresa E Gildner, Melissa A Liebert, Benjamin D Capistrant, Catherine D'Este, J Josh Snodgrass, Paul Kowal
OBJECTIVES: Perceived income adequacy is positively associated with self-rated health (SRH) and quality of life (QOL) among adults in higher-income countries. Additionally, older individuals often report higher levels of income adequacy. However, it is unclear if these associations, documented primarily in high-income countries, are also evident across economically and culturally distinctive low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Data were drawn from the World Health Organization's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), a study of adults aged 50 years or older in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation, and South Africa...
November 16, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836922/speed-of-visual-search-in-old-age-1950-to-2016
#2
Patrick Rabbitt
OBJECTIVES: To review work on the effects of old age on speed of visual search and of discriminations between signals and choices of responses between 1950 and 2016. METHODS: Literature review and Brain Google. RESULTS: Mild existential despondency. DISCUSSION: Models for age changes in discrimination between signals and choices of responses have been based on comparisons of speed. The concept of speed has been used in four distinct ways: as a directly measured task performance index, as a hypothetical functional system performance characteristic, as a factor in psychometric models computing mutual variance in calendar age and as a neurophysiological performance characteristic...
November 11, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#3
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803026/who-is-your-successful-aging-role-model
#4
Daniela S Jopp, Seojung Jung, Amanda K Damarin, Sheena Mirpuri, Dario Spini
OBJECTIVES: Having a role model of successful aging may contribute to views on aging. This article investigated the nature and correlates of young, middle-aged, and older adults' successful aging role models. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-one individuals aged 18-99 were asked whether they had a role model of successful aging and if so, the reasons for their choice. Open-ended answers were coded for recurring themes. Views on aging and attitudes toward own aging were assessed with questionnaires...
November 1, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803025/dynamic-longitudinal-associations-between-social-support-and-cognitive-function-a-prospective-investigation-of-the-directionality-of-associations
#5
Jing Liao, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Jenny Head, Eric John Brunner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reciprocity of social support and cognitive function in late life. METHOD: Analyses were based on three parallel repeat measures of social support and cognition from the Whitehall II cohort, providing 10-year follow-up of 6,863 participants (mean age 55.8 years, SD 6.0 at baseline). Alternative hypotheses were evaluated via four bivariate dual change score models: Full coupling model estimated mutual influences of social support and cognition on subsequent changes in each other; social causation model assumed a unidirectional influence from social support onto changes in cognition, while the opposite assumption was tested by health selection model; last, no coupling model suggested independent growth of these two sets of variables...
November 1, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744368/proactive-aging-among-holocaust-survivors-striving-for-the-best-possible-life
#6
Roni Elran-Barak, Adi Barak, Jacob Lomranz, Yael Benyamini
OBJECTIVES: To investigate methods that older Holocaust survivors and their age peers use in order to maintain the best possible life and to examine associations between these methods and subjective well-being. METHOD: Participants were 481 older Israelis (mean age 77.4 ± 6.7 years): Holocaust survivors (n = 164), postwar immigrants (n = 183), and prewar immigrants (n = 134). Measures included sociodemographics and indicators of health and well-being. Respondents were asked to answer an open-ended question: "What are the methods you use to maintain the best possible life?"...
October 14, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742733/age-related-preservation-of-trust-following-minor-transgressions
#7
Phoebe E Bailey, Katherine Petridis, Skye N McLennan, Ted Ruffman, Peter G Rendell
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses age-related differences in the weighting and integration of appearance and behavior cues to trustworthiness. The aim is to assess whether it becomes more difficult with age to detect a cheater in disguise. METHOD: Young and older adults invested real money in a repeated trust game with trustees who varied on facial expression (smiling, neutral, angry) and return rate (high, low). Trustees were also rated for trustworthiness pre- and post-trust game...
October 14, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738082/modeling-cortisol-daily-rhythms-of-family-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia-daily-stressors-and-adult-day-services-use
#8
Yin Liu, David M Almeida, Michael J Rovine, Steven H Zarit
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the typical diurnal cortisol trajectory and its differential associations with an intervention, the adult day services (ADS) use, among a sample of family caregivers who experienced high levels of daily stress. METHOD: On hundred and sixty-five caregivers of individuals with dementia completed an 8-day diary on daily stressors, positive events, sleep quality, and ADS use. The caregivers also provided five saliva samples on each diary day...
October 13, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729385/expanding-the-circle-of-knowledge-reconceptualizing-successful-aging-among-north-american-older-indigenous-peoples
#9
Jessica E Pace, Amanda Grenier
OBJECTIVES: Indigenous older peoples' voices and experiences remain largely absent in the dominant models and critical scholarship on aging and late life. This article examines the relevance of the model of successful aging for Indigenous peoples in North America. METHOD: This article presents the results of a review of the published conceptual literature on successful aging among Indigenous peoples. Our intent was to explore the current state of the field of successful aging among Indigenous peoples and suggest dimensions that may be more reflective of Indigenous voices and experiences that leads to a more inclusive model of successful aging...
October 11, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702840/instrumental-and-emotion-focused-care-work-during-physical-health-events-comparing-gay-lesbian-and-heterosexual-marriages
#10
Debra Umberson, Mieke Beth Thomeer, Rhiannon A Kroeger, Corinne Reczek, Rachel Donnelly
OBJECTIVES: We consider emotion- and instrumental-focused care work and marital stress during significant physical health events in midlife gay, lesbian, and heterosexual marriages. METHOD: We employ the factorial method, an extension of the actor-partner interdependence model, to analyze survey data from 808 midlife gay, lesbian, and heterosexual spouses in 404 unions. RESULTS: The amount of emotion- and instrumental-focused care work provided during physical health events, and the associations between care work and marital stress, depends on the gender of the respondent, gender of the spouse, and whether spouses are in a same-sex or different-sex union...
October 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702839/information-and-communication-technology-use-is-related-to-higher-well-being-among-the-oldest-old
#11
Tamara Sims, Andrew E Reed, Dawn C Carr
OBJECTIVES: Older adults often prioritize socially meaningful goals over informational goals. Thus, we predicted that using information and communication technology (ICT) in service of socially meaningful versus informational goals relates to higher well-being among the oldest-old. METHOD: We surveyed 445 adults aged 80+ (mean = 84, range = 80-93; 64% female; 26% non-White) online or via telephone. Participants reported motivations for ICT use (connect with others, learn new information) and rated their psychological and physical well-being (i...
October 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702838/growing-older-with-a-physical-disability-a-special-application-of-the-successful-aging-paradigm
#12
Ivan R Molton, Kathryn M Yorkston
OBJECTIVES: In the United States, the average age of people living with early-acquired physical disabilities is increasing. This cohort is said to be aging with disability and represents a unique population among older adults. Given recent policy efforts designed to merge aging and disability services, it is critical that models of "successful aging" include and are relevant to this population. However, many current definitions of successful aging emphasize avoidance of disability and high levels of physical function as necessary to well-being...
October 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698013/relationships-between-older-drivers-cognitive-abilities-as-assessed-on-the-moca-and-glance-patterns-during-visual-manual-radio-tuning-while-driving
#13
Joonbum Lee, Bruce Mehler, Bryan Reimer, Kazutoshi Ebe, Joseph F Coughlin
OBJECTIVE: Research has established that long off-road glances increase crash risk, and other work has shown increased off-road glance behavior in older drivers. This study investigated the relationship between older drivers' (M = 66.3, range 61-69 years) cognitive abilities and the duration of off-road glances while engaged in secondary visual-manual activities. METHOD: Twenty-two drivers completed the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) prior to driving an instrumented vehicle and completing a set of radio-tuning tasks...
October 3, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694370/cohort-differences-in-cognitive-aging-in-the-longitudinal-aging-study-amsterdam
#14
Anamaria Brailean, Martijn Huisman, Martin Prince, A Matthew Prina, Dorly J H Deeg, Hannie Comijs
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine cohort differences in cognitive performance and rates of change in episodic memory, processing speed, inductive reasoning, and general cognitive performance and to investigate whether these cohort effects may be accounted for by education attainment. METHOD: The first cohort (N = 705) was born between 1920 and 1930, whereas the second cohort (N = 646) was born between 1931 and 1941. Both birth cohorts were aged 65 to 75 years at baseline and were followed up 3 and 6 years later...
September 30, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664418/chronic-stress-and-negative-marital-quality-among-older-couples-associations-with-waist-circumference
#15
Kira S Birditt, Nicky J Newton, Jim A Cranford, Noah J Webster
OBJECTIVE: More than a third of the U.S. population of older adults is obese. The present study tests the Dyadic Biopsychosocial Model of Marriage and Health, which hypothesizes that, among married couples, individual and partner chronic stress predicts increased waist circumference and these links are exacerbated in negative quality marriages. METHOD: Participants were from the nationally representative longitudinal Health and Retirement Study (HRS). A total of 2,042 married individuals (in 1,098 married couples) completed psychosocial and waist circumference assessments in 2006 and 2010...
September 24, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663273/retirement-and-changes-in-housework-a-panel-study-of-dual-earner-couples
#16
Thomas Leopold, Jan Skopek
OBJECTIVES: To examine how transitions to retirement influenced the division of household labor in dual earner couples. We tested hypotheses about changes (a) between a couple's preretirement and postretirement stage and (b) across the transitional phase during which both spouses retired. METHOD: We estimated fixed-effects models for the effects of the husband's and the wife's retirement on changes in their hours and share of routine housework. The data came from 29 waves of the German Socio-economic Panel Study, comprising N = 31,040 annual observations of N = 3,288 dual earner couples aged 45 to 75 years...
September 23, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655950/successful-aging-among-african-american-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Sarah Chard, Brandy Harris-Wallace, Erin G Roth, Laura M Girling, Robert Rubinstein, Ashanté M Reese, Charlene C Quinn, J Kevin Eckert
OBJECTIVES: Rowe and Kahn's concept of successful aging remains an important model of well-being; additional research is needed, however, to identify how economically and socially disadvantaged older adults experience well-being, including the role of life events. The findings presented here help address this gap by examining the subjective construction of well-being among urban African American adults (age ≥ 50) with Type 2 diabetes. METHOD: As part of the National Institute on Aging-funded Subjective Experience of Diabetes among Urban Older Adults study, ethnographers interviewed African American older adults with diabetes (n = 41) using an adaptation of the McGill Illness Narrative Interview...
September 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655949/the-effects-of-life-events-and-socioeconomic-position-in-childhood-and-adulthood-on-successful-aging
#18
Almar A L Kok, Marja J Aartsen, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman
OBJECTIVES: Building on social stress theory, this study has 2 aims. First, we aim to estimate the effects of stressful life events in childhood and adulthood on Successful Aging (SA). Second, we examine how unequal exposure to such life events between individuals with different socioeconomic position (SEP) contributes to socioeconomic inequalities in SA. METHOD: We used 16-year longitudinal data from 2,185 respondents aged 55-85 years in 1992 in the Dutch nationally representative Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam...
September 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633612/age-based-differences-in-task-switching-are-moderated-by-executive-control-demands
#19
Teal S Eich, Anna MacKay-Brandt, Yaakov Stern, Daniel Gopher
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has identified different aspects of executive function that may underlie cognitive changes associated with age. The current study used a multifactorial design to investigate age sensitivity in the ability to shift between different task sets and the interaction of this ability with several specific aspects of executive control. METHOD: A large, well-characterized sample of younger (n = 40) and clinically healthy older (n = 51) adults completed a task switching paradigm in which 3 aspects of executive control were manipulated between subjects: a) sensorimotor demand (the number of distinct stimulus-response options); b) stimulus-level interference (i...
September 15, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624718/gender-differences-in-longitudinal-trajectories-of-change-in-physical-social-and-cognitive-sedentary-leisure-activities
#20
Deborah Finkel, Ross Andel, Nancy L Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: We examined changes in participation in cognitive, social, and physical leisure activities across middle and older adulthood and tested moderation of trajectories of change in participation by gender. METHOD: In all, 1,398 participants in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA) completed a 7-item leisure activity questionnaire up to 4 times over 17 years. Mean baseline age was 64.9 years (range = 36-91); 59% were women. Factor analysis identified physical, social, and cognitive/sedentary leisure activity participation factors...
September 13, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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