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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329853/early-origins-of-later-life-psychological-well-being-a-novel-application-of-causal-mediation-analysis-to-life-course-research
#1
Tirth R Bhatta, Jeffrey M Albert, Eva Kahana, Nirmala Lekhak
Objectives: This study employs a novel approach to mediation analysis to clarify the influence of interrelated indicators of life course socioeconomic status (SES) on later life psychological well-being in India. Contrary to traditional approaches (i.e., use of product and difference-in-coefficients), we recognize the role of confounders in the estimation of total, direct, and indirect effects of parental education on respondents' psychological well-being. Method: Drawing from the first wave (2007-2010) of the Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) and adopting a counterfactual approach, we estimate both natural direct and indirect effects of parental education through individual educational attainment (secondarily, through household assets as an additional mediator) on respondents' life-satisfaction and quality of life (QOL)...
March 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329854/widowhood-and-depression-in-a-cross-national-perspective-evidence-from-the-united-states-europe-korea-and-china
#2
Apoorva Jadhav, David Weir
Objectives: We explore marital and depression trajectories over time for men and women, and distinguish between mood and somatic depression across contexts. Method: We use longitudinal data from 2002 to 2013 from the United States, England, Europe, Korea, and China to explore depression among individuals married at baseline and follow their trajectories into widowhood with married as the reference group. We use random effects models to estimate these trajectories using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) or EURO-D scales for men and women...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329850/the-use-of-growth-mixture-modeling-for-studying-resilience-to-major-life-stressors-in-adulthood-and-old-age-lessons-for-class-size-and-identification-and-model-selection
#3
Frank J Infurna, Kevin J Grimm
Objectives: Growth mixture modeling (GMM) combines latent growth curve and mixture modeling approaches and is typically used to identify discrete trajectories following major life stressors (MLS). However, GMM is often applied to data that does not meet the statistical assumptions of the model (e.g., within-class normality) and researchers often do not test additional model constraints (e.g., homogeneity of variance across classes), which can lead to incorrect conclusions regarding the number and nature of the trajectories...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329841/using-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-profiles-of-elder-abuse-perpetrators
#4
Marguerite DeLiema, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zach D Gassoumis, Yongjie Yon, Ken J Conrad
Objectives: Research suggests that abuser risk factors differ across elder mistreatment types, but abuse interventions are not individualized. To move away from assumptions of perpetrator homogeneity and to inform intervention approaches, this study classifies abusers into subtypes according to their behavior profiles. Method: Data are from the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment administered to victims by Adult Protective Service (APS) in Illinois. Latent class analysis was used to categorize abusers (N = 336) using victim and caseworker reports on abusers' harmful and supportive behaviors and characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329861/varying-appraisals-of-elder-mistreatment-among-victims-findings-from-a-population-based-study
#5
David Burnes, Mark S Lachs, Denise Burnette, Karl Pillemer
Objectives: Prior elder mistreatment (EM) research has not examined subjective assessments of problem seriousness from the perspective of victims. This study sought to describe the variation in appraisals of perceived EM seriousness among victims of emotional abuse, physical abuse, and neglect and to examine factors that influence varying appraisals using neutralization theory. Methods: Data came from a subsample of EM victims (n = 191) drawn from a representative, population-based study (n = 4,156) of community-dwelling, cognitively intact older adults in New York State...
March 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329838/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-biological-aging-using-marginal-structural-models-to-assess-the-link-between-neighborhood-census-variables-and-epigenetic-aging
#6
Man-Kit Lei, Ronald L Simons, Steven R H Beach, Robert A Philibert
Objectives: Past research has reported an association between neighborhood disadvantage and healthy aging, but most of these studies utilize self-report measures of health or physical functioning and do not properly account for neighborhood selection effects, creating concerns regarding inflated associations. To overcome these limitations and provide a more stringent estimate of effects, the current study investigated the effect of neighborhood disadvantage on aging using newly developed epigenetic methods to assess rate of biological aging and marginal structural modeling (MSM) to account for potential confounds due to neighborhood selection...
March 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329860/modeling-intraindividual-dynamics-using-stochastic-differential-equations-age-differences-in-affect-regulation
#7
Julie Wood, Zita Oravecz, Nina Vogel, Lizbeth Benson, Sy-Miin Chow, Pamela Cole, David E Conroy, Aaron L Pincus, Nilam Ram
Objectives: Life-span theories of aging suggest improvements and decrements in individuals' ability to regulate affect. Dynamic process models, with intensive longitudinal data, provide new opportunities to articulate specific theories about individual differences in intraindividual dynamics. This paper illustrates a method for operationalizing affect dynamics using a multilevel stochastic differential equation (SDE) model, and examines how those dynamics differ with age and trait-level tendencies to deploy emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression)...
March 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329835/machine-learning-sentiment-analysis-and-tweets-an-examination-of-alzheimer-s-disease-stigma-on-twitter
#8
Nels Oscar, Pamela A Fox, Racheal Croucher, Riana Wernick, Jessica Keune, Karen Hooker
Objectives: Social scientists need practical methods for harnessing large, publicly available datasets that inform the social context of aging. We describe our development of a semi-automated text coding method and use a content analysis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia portrayal on Twitter to demonstrate its use. The approach improves feasibility of examining large publicly available datasets. Method: Machine learning techniques modeled stigmatization expressed in 31,150 AD-related tweets collected via Twitter's search API based on 9 AD-related keywords...
March 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329871/variations-in-social-network-type-membership-among-older-african-americans-caribbean-blacks-and-non-hispanic-whites
#9
Ann W Nguyen
Objectives: This study examined race differences in the probability of belonging to a specific social network typology of family, friends, and church members. Method: Samples of African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites aged 55+ were drawn from the National Survey of American Life. Typology indicators related to social integration and negative interactions with family, friendship, and church networks were used. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies, and latent class multinomial logistic regression was used to assess the influence of race, and interactions between race and age, and race and education on typology membership...
February 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329866/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329832/daily-memory-lapses-in-adults-characterization-and-influence-on-affect
#11
Jacqueline Mogle, Elizabeth Muñoz, Nikki L Hill, Joshua M Smyth, Martin J Sliwinski
Objective: The current analyses examined the impact of daily memory lapses on daily affect and whether this impact varied across age. Method: One hundred sixty-six adults (ages 20-79) completed assessments of memory lapses and affect each day for 7 consecutive days. Assessments included retrospective and prospective memory lapses as well as the impact of these lapses (how irritating, interfering, and consequential). Affect was assessed using ratings of daily positive and negative affect...
February 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329825/socioeconomic-status-and-physical-functioning-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-chinese-people
#12
Lei Yang, Hanna Konttinen, Pekka Martikainen, Karri Silventoinen
Objectives: We aimed to assess the longitudinal associations of socioeconomic status and physical functioning using a large population-based survey data in China. Method: We used four waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002-2011). Physical functioning was assessed by activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) measures. Socioeconomic status was assessed using educational attainment, occupational status, household income, financial resources, and access to health services...
February 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204719/erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204798/paradoxical-effects-of-perceived-control-on-survival
#14
Judith G Chipperfield, Raymond P Perry, Reinhard Pekrun, Jeremy M Hamm, Frieder R Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201693/do-older-parents-relationships-with-their-adult-children-affect-cognitive-limitations-and-does-this-differ-for-mothers-and-fathers
#15
Patricia A Thomas, Debra Umberson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199711/increasing-trajectories-of-multimorbidity-over-time-birth-cohort-differences-and-the-role-of-changes-in-obesity-and-income
#16
Mayilee Canizares, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Monique A M Gignac, Richard H Glazier, Elizabeth M Badley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199727/support-grandparents-give-to-their-adult-grandchildren
#17
Meng Huo, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184889/dietary-habits-and-cognitive-impairment-risk-among-oldest-old-chinese
#18
Ruopeng An, Gordon Liu, Naiman Khan, Hai Yan, Youfa Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184880/alcohol-consumption-and-incident-stroke-among-older-adults
#19
Solveig A Cunningham, Aleena Mosher, Suzanne E Judd, Lisa M Matz, Edmond K Kabagambe, Claudia S Moy, Virginia J Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164232/feature-selection-methods-for-optimal-design-of-studies-for-developmental-inquiry
#20
Timothy R Brick, Rachel E Koffer, Denis Gerstorf, Nilam Ram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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