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Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136242/older-adults-knowledge-of-anxiety-disorders
#1
Elisabeth Beaunoyer, Philippe Landreville, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael
Objectives: The underuse of mental health services for anxiety disorders is particularly pronounced among older adults and could, in part, be explained by a lack of knowledge on this subject in this population. The purpose of this study was to document senior's knowledge of anxiety. Method: Young adults (n = 64) and older adults (n = 78) completed a sociodemographic questionnaire (including clinical variables), the Beck Anxiety Inventory and a questionnaire measuring their knowledge of the various dimensions of anxiety disorders, including symptoms, risk factors, and treatments...
November 9, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121330/age-varying-relationships-between-physical-function-and-cognition-in-older-adulthood
#2
Briana N Sprague, Christine B Phillips, Lesley A Ross
Objectives: There are positive relationships between physical and cognitive function in older adulthood; however, the strength of these relationships are inconsistent across studies. Although novel statistical tools provide flexibility to explore age-related differences in relationship magnitude, such methods have not been implemented in gerontological research. This study applied such methods to examine variations in relationship magnitude between physical function and cognition in healthy older adults (N = 2,783)...
November 7, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126316/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-social-connectedness-and-mental-health-among-older-european-adults-a-share-based-analysis
#3
Ella Schwartz, Howard Litwin
Objectives: The current study aimed to understand the reciprocal relationship between social networks and mental health in old age. It explored the dynamic aspects of that relationship and assessed the influence of social networks on mental health, as well as a concurrent influence of mental health on change in social connectedness. Method: The data came from two measurement points in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytic sample was composed of adults aged 65 years and above (N = 14,706)...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126287/for-better-or-worse-couples-time-together-in-encore-adulthood
#4
Katie R Genadek, Sarah M Flood, Phyllis Moen
Objective: This study examined the amount of time married couples share together in a new "encore adult" life course stage around the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Also investigated was the relationship between shared time and experienced well-being for this age group. Method: Time diary and survey data were used from nationally representative 2003-2014 American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data for 26,303 adults aged 50-79 years. Analyses examined amount of total and exclusive shared couple time and experiences of happiness and stress when together using multivariate models...
November 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077928/complexity-of-work-and-incident-cognitive-impairment-in-puerto-rican-older-adults
#5
Ross Andel, Ana Luisa Dávila-Roman, Catherine Grotz, Brent J Small, Kyriakos S Markides, Michael Crowe, Shevaun Neupert
Objective: We investigated complexity of work in main occupation in relation to incident cognitive impairment in older Puerto Ricans. Method: A population-based sample of 1,673 adults age 60+ for the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions (PREHCO) study was used. Cognition was measured at baseline and 4 years later using the Mini-Mental Cabán (MMC), with scoring 1.5 SD below the MMC score adjusted for age, education, gender, and reading ability comprising cognitive impairment...
October 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077923/do-individual-and-geographical-deprivation-have-the-same-impact-on-the-risk-of-dementia-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#6
Camille Ouvrard, Céline Meillon, Jean-François Dartigues, José Alberto Ávila-Funes, Hélène Amieva, Deborah Carr
Objectives: To determine the impact of both individual psychosocioeconomic precariousness and geographical deprivation on risk of dementia in older adults followed-up for 25 years. Method: The sample consisted of 3,431 participants aged 65 years or over from the PAQUID cohort study. Individual psychosocioeconomic precariousness was measured computing eight economic and psychosocial indicators. Geographical deprivation was assessed by the FDep99 index, consisting of four community socioeconomic variables...
October 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045734/the-effect-of-aging-on-response-congruency-in-task-switching-a-meta-analysis
#7
James A Grange, Raymond B Becker, Nicole Anderson
Objectives: Response-congruency effects in task switching are the observed slowing of response times (RTs) for incongruent targets which afford more than one response (depending on task) in comparison to congruent stimuli that afford just one response regardless of the task. These effects are thought to reflect increased ambiguity during response selection for incongruent stimuli. Methods: The present study presents a meta-analysis of 27 conditions (from 16 separate studies) whose designs allowed investigation of age-related differences in response-congruency effects on RT...
October 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045722/subjective-age-and-cystatin-c-among-older-adults
#8
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano, Shevaun Neupert
Objective: Cystatin C (CysC) is a marker of kidney function that is relevant for the health and cognition of older adults. Little is known about the link between psychological factors and CysC. Therefore, the present study examined whether subjective age is related to CysC level and changes in CysC over time. Method: Participants were 5,066 individuals drawn from the Health and Retirement Study aged from 50 to 107 years (60% women, mean age = 69.36 years, SD = 9...
October 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029345/evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#9
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Pets influence evacuation decisions, but little is known about pet-friendly emergency shelters' availability or older adults' need for them. Our study addresses this issue, focusing on the most densely populated area of Florida (Miami-Dade)-the state with the oldest population and greatest hurricane susceptibility. Method: We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to identify the shortest paths to pet-friendly shelters, based on distance and congested and uncongested travel times-taking into account the older population's spatial distribution...
October 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029223/age-and-the-factor-structure-of-emotional-experience-in-adulthood
#10
Susan T Charles, Jacqueline Mogle, Kate A Leger, David M Almeida
Objectives: The current study examined the factor structure of emotional experience across adults 34-50, 51-65, and 66-84 year olds. Method: Participants (N = 2,022) were asked about 14 negative and 13 positive emotions across 8 days in the National Study of Daily Experiences II study. Factor analysis computed both inter-individual factors (between-person structure of emotional experience) and intra-individual factors (factors describing emotions in daily life) for each age group...
September 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029201/a-comprehensive-comparison-of-quantifications-of-intraindividual-variability-in-response-times-a-measurement-burst-approach
#11
Robert S Stawski, Stuart W S MacDonald, Paul W H Brewster, Elizabeth Munoz, Eric S Cerino, Drew W R Halliday
Objectives: To formally identify and contrast the most commonly-employed quantifications of response time inconsistency (RTI) and elucidate their utility for understanding within-person (WP) and between-person (BP) variation in cognitive function with increasing age. Method: Using two measurement burst studies of cognitive aging, we systematically identified and computed five RTI quantifications from select disciplines to examine: (a) correlations among RTI quantifications; (b) the distribution of BP and WP variation in RTI; and (c) the comparability of RTI quantifications for predicting attention switching...
September 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029333/more-than-counting-an-intraindividual-variability-approach-to-categorical-repeated-measures
#12
Rachel E Koffer, Nilam Ram, David M Almeida
Objectives: Age-related differences in daily experiences are often described using summaries of categorical repeated measures, including typologies of stressors, activities, social partners, and coping strategies. This paper illustrates how an intraindividual variability (IIV) framework can be used to extract additional meaning from categorical IIV data. Method: Using 8-occasion categorical data on daily stressors from the National Study of Daily Experiences (N = 1,499, MAge = 46...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#13
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029293/multiple-chronic-conditions-in-spousal-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-functional-disability-associations-with-caregiving-difficulties-and-gains
#14
Courtney A Polenick, Amanda N Leggett, Noah J Webster, Benjamin H Han, Steven H Zarit, John D Piette
Objectives: Multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) are common and have harmful consequences in later life. Along with managing their own health, many aging adults care for an impaired partner. Spousal caregiving may be more stressful when caregivers have MCCs, particularly those involving complex management. Yet, little is known about combinations of conditions that are most consequential for caregiving outcomes. Method: Using a U.S. sample of 359 spousal caregivers and care recipients from the 2011 National Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving, we examined three categories of MCCs based on similarity of management strategies (concordant only, discordant only, and both concordant and discordant) and their associations with caregiving difficulties and gains...
September 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029222/the-scarring-effects-of-father-s-unemployment-job-security-satisfaction-and-mental-health-at-midlife
#15
Jack Lam, Christopher L Ambrey
Objectives: We investigate the association between early-life paternal unemployment and midlife mental health, examining whether the impact of father's unemployment may vary contingent on the broader economic context on which it occurred. We also investigate job-security satisfaction as a potential mediator of this association. Method: We utilize random-effects models, drawing on 15 waves of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, with 7,438 individuals and 42,309 individual-time observations...
September 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958051/psychosocial-pathways-to-racial-ethnic-inequalities-in-late-life-memory-trajectories
#16
Laura B Zahodne, Ketlyne Sol, Zarina Kraal
Objectives: Blacks and Hispanics are at increased risk for dementia, even after socioeconomic and vascular factors are taken into account. This study tests a comprehensive model of psychosocial pathways leading to differences in longitudinal cognitive outcomes among older blacks and Hispanics, compared to non-Hispanic whites. Methods: Using data from 10,173 participants aged 65 and older in the Health and Retirement Study, structural equation models tested associations among race/ethnicity, perceived discrimination, depressive symptoms, external locus of control, and 6-year memory trajectories, controlling for age, sex, educational attainment, income, wealth, and chronic diseases...
September 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958046/recurrence-quantification-for-the-analysis-of-coupled-processes-in-aging
#17
Timothy R Brick, Allison L Gray, Angela D Staples
Objectives: Aging is a complex phenomenon, with numerous simultaneous processes that interact with each other on a moment-to-moment basis. One way to quantify the interactions of these processes is by measuring how much a process is similar to its own past states or the past states of another system through the analysis of recurrence. This paper presents an introduction to recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) and cross-recurrence quantification analysis (CRQA), two dynamical systems analysis techniques that provide ways to characterize the self-similar nature of each process and the properties of their mutual temporal co-occurrence...
September 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958045/age-by-emotion-interactions-in-memory-retrieval-processes-an-event-related-potential-study
#18
Jaclyn H Ford, Elizabeth A Kensinger
Objectives: Although research has identified age-by-emotion interactions in memory performance and in neural recruitment during retrieval, it remains unclear which retrieval processes are affected. The temporal resolution of event-related potentials (ERPs) provides a way to examine different component processes that operate during retrieval. Methods: In the present study, younger and older adults encoded neutral and emotional images paired with neutral titles. ERPs were assessed during a recognition memory task in which participants viewed neutral titles and indicated whether each had been presented during encoding...
August 30, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028273/corrigendum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958089/awareness-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-diagnoses-associated-with-lower-self-ratings-of-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#20
Shana D Stites, Jason Karlawish, Kristin Harkins, Jonathan D Rubright, David Wolk
Objective: This study examined how awareness of diagnostic label impacted self-reported quality of life (QOL) in persons with varying degrees of cognitive impairment. Method: Older adults (n = 259) with normal cognition, Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), or mild Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD) completed tests of cognition and self-report questionnaires that assessed diagnosis awareness and multiple domains of QOL: cognitive problems, activities of daily living, physical functioning, mental wellbeing, and perceptions of one's daily life...
October 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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