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International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438716/yap1-negatively-regulates-chondrocyte-differentiation-partly-by-activating-the-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#1
Beining Yang, Hualing Sun, Fangfang Song, Miao Yu, Yanru Wu, Jiawei Wang
YAP1 (Yes-associated protein 1) transcriptional coactivator is a downstream gene of the Hippo signaling pathway, which controls cell proliferation and differentiation. YAP1 plays a significant role in the regulation of cartilage and bone development. However, the molecular mechanism by which YAP1 regulates chondrocyte differentiation remains to be elucidated. Immunofluorescent staining was used to visualize the localization of YAP1 expression in the mouse chondroprogenitor ATDC5 cell line. ATDC5 cells with lentivirus-vector-mediated YAP1 overexpression and knockdown were established...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438715/impact-of-physical-exercise-on-visceral-adipose-tissue-fatty-acid-profile-and-inflammation-in-response-to-a-high-fat-diet-regimen
#2
Sílvia Rocha-Rodrigues, Amaia Rodríguez, Inês O Gonçalves, Ana Moreira, Elisabete Maciel, Sónia Santos, Maria R Domingues, Gema Frühbeck, António Ascensão, José Magalhães
PURPOSE: Studies associate specific fatty-acids (FA) with the pathophysiology of inflammation. We aimed to analyze the impact of exercise on adipose tissue FA profile in response to a high-fat diet (HFD) and to ascertain whether these exercise-induced changes in specific FA have repercussions on obesity-related inflammation. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into sedentary, voluntary physical-activity (VPA) and endurance training (ET) groups fed a standard (S, 35kcal% fat) or high-fat (71kcal% fat) diets...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433505/chemotherapy-induces-alternative-transcription-and-splicing-facts-and-hopes-for-cancer-treatment
#3
Charles A Lambert, Nancy Garbacki, Alain C Colige
Alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing and alternative cleavage/polyadenylation (referred here as to alternative transcription and splicing) are main instruments to diversify the transcriptome from a limited set of genes. There is a good deal of evidence that chemotherapeutic drugs affect these processes, but the therapeutic incidence of these effects is poorly documented. The scope of this study is to review the impact of chemotherapy on alternative transcription and splicing and to discuss potential implications in cancer therapy...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412444/hypoxia-inducible-microrna-218-inhibits-trophoblast-invasion-by-targeting-lasp1-implications-for-preeclampsia-development
#4
Min Fang, Hechun Du, Bing Han, Guiyu Xia, Xiaoliang Shi, Feng Zhang, Qiqin Fu, Tao Zhang
Preeclampsia (PE) is a major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying PE progression are not well characterized. Here, we investigated the role of miR-218 in PE development. The expression of miR-218 and its host genes SLIT2 and SLIT3 was up-regulated in preeclamptic placentae compared to normal placentae. miR-218 expression was induced by hypoxia and decreased after knockdown of HIF-1α in an extravillous trophoblast cell line (HTR-8/SVneo). Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed direct binding of HIF-1α to the promoters of SLIT2 and SLIT3...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396222/activin-b-regulates-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-promote-skin-wound-healing-via-activation-of-the-mapk-signaling-pathway
#5
Lei Zhang, Pengcheng Xu, Xueer Wang, Min Zhang, Yuan Yan, Yinghua Chen, Lu Zhang, Lin Zhang
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including skin cells, and they can provide an abundant source of cells for skin tissue engineering and skin wound healing. The purpose of this study is to explore the therapeutic effects of activin B in combination with ADSCs and the possible signaling mechanism. In this study, we found that activin B was able to promote ADSC migration by inducing actin stress fiber formation in vitro. In vivo, activin B in combination with ADSCs was capable of enhancing α-SMA expression and wound closure...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392377/immunoglobulin-m-a-novel-molecule-of-myocardial-cells-of-mice
#6
Zhu Zhu, Meng Zhang, Wenwei Shao, Pingzhang Wang, Xiaoting Gong, Junfan Ma, Xiaoyan Qiu, Bin Wang
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulins(Igs)play an important role in host defence and were initially thought to be expressed solely by B cells. However, recent data suggest that Igs are also expressed in other lineages. Recently, Ig transcripts were detected in cardiomyocytes, but whether the functional Ig protein is expressed by cardiomyocytes has not been thoroughly elucidated. METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) microarray database analysis was used to analyse IgM heavy chain expression in the myocardium of mice...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392376/endoplasmic-reticulum-targeting-photosensitizer-hypericin-confers-chemo-sensitization-towards-oxaliplatin-through-inducing-pro-death-autophagy
#7
Shengchao Lin, Liyan Yang, Haiyang Shi, Wenpei Du, Yingxue Qi, Cen Qiu, Xin Liang, Weibin Shi, Jianwen Liu
Hypericin is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-located photosensitizer, which causes oxidative damage to ER during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Hypericin-mediated PDT (HY-PDT) has been confirmed to enhance chemo-sensitivity of oxaliplatin (L-OHP) in colon cancer cells. The present study reveals that autophagy plays a key role in chemosensitization during HY-PDT. We proved pro-death autophagy was required for sensitization and HY-PDT/L-OHP antitumor synergism. High dosage of HY-PDT induced autophagic cell death; while low dose of HY-PDT predominantly triggered protective autophagy and promoted cell proliferation...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390981/neurochemical-effects-of-the-r-form-of-%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-and-its-neuroprotective-mechanism-in-cellular-models-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Hong Zhao, Xingcheng Zhao, Lijuan Liu, Hongxu Zhang, Mingwen Xuan, Zhaohui Guo, Hongcai Wang, Chang Liu
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the R form of α-lipoic acid (RLA) in cellular models of PD induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). METHODS: Cell viability and apoptosis were detected using CCK8 and Annexin V-FITC assays, respectively. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by fluorescence staining. ELISA assays were performed to detect the levels of dopamine and α-synuclein...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385600/mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-differentiated-insulin-producing-cells-are-new-horizons-for-pancreatic-regeneration-in-type-i-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Ayat M Domouky, Ashraf S Hegab, Amal Al-Shahat, Nermin Raafat
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has become the third human killer following cancer and cardiovascular disease. Millions of patients, often children, suffer from type 1 diabetes (T1D). Stem cells created hopes to regenerate damaged body tissues and restore their function. AIM: This work aimed at clarifying and comparing the therapeutic potential of differentiated and non-differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a new line of therapy for T1D. METHODS: 40 Female albino rats divided into group I (control): 10 rats and group II (diabetic), III and IV, 10 rats in each, were injected with streptozotocin (50mg/kg body weight)...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359775/origin-of-%C3%AE-mannosidase-activity-in-csf
#10
Anna Tasegian, Silvia Paciotti, Maria Rachele Ceccarini, Michela Codini, Tim Moors, Davide Chiasserini, Elisabetta Albi, Bryan Winchester, Wilma D J van de Berg, Lucilla Parnetti, Tommaso Beccari
The α-mannosidase activity in human frontal gyrus, cerebrospinal fluid and plasma has been analyzed by DEAE-cellulose chromatography to investigate the origin of the α-mannosidase activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The profile of α-mannosidase isoenzymes obtained in CSF was similar to that in the frontal gyrus but different from that in human plasma. In particular the two characteristic peaks of lysosomal α-mannosidase, A and B, which have a pH-optimum of 4.5 and are found in human tissues, were present in both the frontal gyrus and CSF...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356230/effect-of-7-8-dihydroneopterin-mediated-cd36-down-regulation-and-oxidant-scavenging-on-oxidised-low-density-lipoprotein-induced-cell-death-in-human-macrophages
#11
Anastasia A Shchepetkina, Barry D Hock, Allison Miller, Martin A Kennedy, Steven P Gieseg
The role of CD36 in oxidised low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) mediated cell death was examined by down regulating the receptor level with the macrophage generated antioxidant 7,8-dihydroneopterin. Down regulation of CD36 protein levels in human monocyte derived macrophages by 7,8-dihydroneopterin corresponded to a decrease in CD36-mRNA. The oxidation products of 7,8-dihydroneopterin, dihydroxanthopterin and neopterin did not significantly down regulate CD36. The CD36 down regulation resulted in a decrease in oxLDL uptake measured as 7-ketocholesterol accumulation...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351545/corrigendum-to-specific-changes-in-the-proteomic-pattern-produced-by-the-brca1-ser1841asn-missense-mutation-international-journal-of-biochemistry-and-cell-biology-2007-220-226
#12
Telma Crugliano, Barbara Quaresima, Marco Gaspari, Maria Concetta Faniello, Francesco Romeo, Francesco Baudi, Giovanni Cuda, Francesco Costanzo, Salvatore Venuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341201/the-atm-kinase-inhibitor-ku-55933-provides-neuroprotection-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-cell-damage-via-a-%C3%AE-h2ax-p-p53-caspase-3-independent-mechanism-inhibition-of-calpain-and-cathepsin-d
#13
Jakub Chwastek, Danuta Jantas, Władysław Lasoń
The role of the kinase ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), a well-known protein engaged in DNA damage repair, in the regulation of neuronal responses to oxidative stress remains unexplored. Thus, the neuroprotective efficacy of KU-55933, a potent inhibitor of ATM, against cell damage evoked by oxidative stress (hydrogen peroxide, H2O2) has been studied in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and compared with the efficacy of this agent in models of doxorubicin (Dox)- and staurosporine (St)-evoked cell death. KU-55933 inhibited the cell death induced by H2O2 or Dox but not by St in undifferentiated (UN-) and retinoic acid-differentiated (RA)-SH-SY5Y cells, with a more pronounced effect in the latter cell phenotype...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336365/breast-cancer-cells-focus-on-the-consequences-of-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#14
Alice H L Bong, Gregory R Monteith
Breast cancers are highly heterogeneous and successful treatment of those subtypes with a high frequency of metastases and resistance to clinically available therapies remains a challenge. An understanding of mechanisms which may contribute to this heterogeneity and generation of more resilient cancer cells is therefore essential. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a dynamic two-way process that occurs during embryonic development and wound healing whereby epithelial cells can gain plasticity and switch to a mesenchymal-like phenotype...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336364/mechanisms-and-roles-by-which-irf-3-mediates-the-regulation-of-ormdl3-transcription-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#15
Xiao-Hua Wang, Jin Shu, Chun-Ming Jiang, Li-Li Zhuang, Wei-Xia Yang, Hui-Weng Zhang, Lu-Lu Wang, Lin Li, Xiao-Qing Chen, Rui Jin, Guo-Ping Zhou
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of bronchiolitis in infancy, which is a major risk factor for recurrent wheezing and asthma. Orosomucoid 1-like protein 3 (ORMDL3) has been reported to associate with virus-triggered recurrent wheezing and asthma in children. However, little is known about how ORMDL3 is involved into RSV infection. In this study, we showed that the mRNA expression of ORMDL3 is significantly increased in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of infants with RSV-induced bronchiolitis compared with uninfected controls, also increased in bronchial epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts following RSV infection in vitro...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330789/schiff-bases-of-putrescine-with-methylglyoxal-protect-from-cellular-damage-caused-by-accumulation-of-methylglyoxal-and-reactive-oxygen-species-in-dictyostelium-discoideum
#16
Seong-Jun Park, Min-Kyu Kwak, Sa-Ouk Kang
Polyamines protect protein glycation in cells against the advanced glycation end product precursor methylglyoxal, which is inevitably produced during glycolysis, and the enzymes that detoxify this α-ketoaldehyde have been widely studied. Nonetheless, nonenzymatic methylglyoxal-scavenging molecules have not been sufficiently studied either in vitro or in vivo. Here, we hypothesized reciprocal regulation between polyamines and methylglyoxal modeled in Dictyostelium grown in a high-glucose medium. We based our hypothesis on the reaction between putrescine and methylglyoxal in putrescine-deficient (odc(-)) or putrescine-overexpressing (odc(oe)) cells...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330772/erratum-to-cessation-of-biomechanical-stretch-model-of-c2c12-cells-modelsmyocyte-atrophy-and-anaplerotic-changes-in-metabolism-usingnon-targeted-metabolomics-analysisamro-int-j-biochem-cell-biol-2016-80-92
#17
Amro Ilaiwy, Megan T Quintana, James R Bain, Michael J Muehlbauer, David I Brown, William E Stansfield, Monte S Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323210/the-protective-activity-of-mesothelial-cells-against-peritoneal-growth-of-gastrointestinal-tumors-the-role-of-soluble-icam-1
#18
Justyna Mikuła-Pietrasik, Paweł Uruski, Małgorzata Kucińska, Andrzej Tykarski, Krzysztof Książek
In this project we examined how the presence of human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) modifies (supports or inhibits) colorectal and pancreatic cancer cell progression in mice peritoneal cavity. Experiments were performed using primary, omentum-derived HPMCs, commercially available colorectal (SW-480) and pancreatic (PSN-1) cancer cells, and immunocompromised SCID mice. Tumor growth within the peritoneal cavity was monitored using bioluminescence. Adhesion of the cancer cells to HPMCs was examined using a fluorescence-based method, while the incidence of apoptosis was quantified using flow cytometry...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323208/platinum-replica-electron-microscopy-imaging-the-cytoskeleton-globally-and-locally
#19
Tatyana M Svitkina
Structural studies reveal how smaller components of a system work together as a whole. However, combining high resolution of details with full coverage of the whole is challenging. In cell biology, light microscopy can image many cells in their entirety, but at a lower resolution, whereas electron microscopy affords very high resolution, but usually at the expense of the sample size and coverage. Structural analyses of the cytoskeleton are especially demanding, because cytoskeletal networks are unresolvable by light microscopy due to their density and intricacy, whereas their proper preservation is a challenge for electron microscopy...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323207/l-type-calcium-channel-clarifying-the-oxygen-sensing-hypothesis
#20
Henrietta Cserne Szappanos, Helena Viola, Livia C Hool
The heart is able to respond acutely to changes in oxygen tension. Since ion channels can respond rapidly to stimuli, the "ion channel oxygen sensing hypothesis" has been proposed to explain acute adaptation of cells to changes in oxygen demand. However the exact mechanism for oxygen sensing continues to be debated. Mitochondria consume the lion's share of oxygen in the heart, fuelling the production of ATP that drives excitation and contraction. Mitochondria also produce reactive oxygen species that are capable of altering the redox state of proteins...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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