Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology

Yoo Jin Na, Dae-Hee Lee, Jung Lim Kim, Bo Ram Kim, Seong Hye Park, Min Jee Jo, Soyeon Jeong, Hong Jun Kim, Suk-Young Lee, Yoon A Jeong, Sang Cheul Oh
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is one of the most effective cancer treatments owing to its ability to selectively kill cancer cells, without affecting normal cells. However, it has been reported that several gastric cancer cells show resistance to TRAIL because of a scarcity of death receptor 5 (DR5) expressed on the cell surface. In this study, we show that cyclopamine sensitizes gastric cancer cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by elevating the expression of DR5. Interestingly, survivin hampers the existence of DR5 protein under normal conditions and cyclopamine decreases the expression of survivin, thus acting as a TRAIL sensitizer...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Cassandra S Carroll, Clark L Grieve, Indu Murugathasan, Andrew J Bennet, Clarissa M Czekster, Huanting Liu, James Naismith, Margo M Moore
Iron is essential for growth and in low iron environments such as serum many bacteria and fungi secrete ferric iron-chelating molecules called siderophores. All fungi produce hydroxamate siderophores with the exception of Mucorales fungi, which secrete rhizoferrin, a polycarboxylate siderophore. Here we investigated the biosynthesis of rhizoferrin by the opportunistic human pathogen, Rhizopus delemar. We searched the genome of R. delemar 99-880 for a homologue of the bacterial NRPS-independent siderophore (NIS) protein, SfnaD, that is involved in biosynthesis of staphyloferrin A in Staphylococcus aureus...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Rebecca C Deagle, Tse-Luen Erika Wee, Claire M Brown
Light microscopy has grown to be a valuable asset in both the physical and life sciences. It is a highly quantitative method available in individual research laboratories and often centralized in core facilities. However, although quantitative microscopy is becoming a customary tool in research, it is rarely standardized. To achieve accurate quantitative microscopy data and reproducible results, three levels of standardization must be considered: (1) aspects of the microscope, (2) the sample, and (3) the detector...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Jennifer L Steiner, Charles H Lang
Putative mechanisms leading to the development of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) include the interrelated cellular processes of mitochondria metabolism, oxidative stress and apoptosis. As mitochondria fuel the constant energy demands of this continually contracting tissue, it is not surprising that alcohol-induced molecular changes in this organelle contribute to cardiac dysfunction and ACM. As the causal relationship of these processes with ACM has already been established, the primary objective of this review is to provide an update of the experimental findings to more completely understand the aforementioned mechanisms...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Changyu Sun, Zhihao Zhang, Ping He, Yan Zhou, Xuhua Xie
The SASH1 gene is discovered as a tumor suppressor recently. However, the molecular mechanisms of SASH1 in hepatocarcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. In present studies, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of SASH1 on cell invasion and metastasis of hepatocarcinoma in vivo and in vitro. In this study, SASH1 overexpression HCC cell lines were treated with purmorphamine (0, 0.5, 1, 2μmol/l). Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to examine the related gene expression of EMT markers and the Shh-Gli1 and PI3K/Akt-dependent pathway...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Sumit Siddharth, Kunal Goutam, Sarita Das, Anmada Nayak, Deepika Nayak, Chinmayee Sethy, Michael D Wyatt, Chanakya Nath Kundu
Nectin-4 is well known as a junction protein. Recent reports have implicated it in cancer, but there has been little exploration of its functional significance in metastasis and cancer stem cells. Here, using the breast cancer metastasis model system, we report Nectin-4 is a marker for breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) and provide experimental evidence suggesting that it utilizes WNT/β-Catenin signaling via Pi3k/Akt axis for self renewal of BCSCs. In vitro, in vivo, ex vivo and clinical pathological data showed upregulated Nectin-4 in breast cancer metastasis and WNT/β-Catenin signaling...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Vatika Gupta, Neha Chaudhary, Somya Aggarwal, Nidhi Adlakha, Pooja Gulati, Rakesh Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: Bacillus anthracis (BA) is a major bioterrorism concern which has evolved complex regulatory mechanisms for its virulence factors. Secreted proteases play an imperative role in the pathogenesis of BA, however their regulation remains elusive. Two component systems (TCS) are often employed by bacteria to sense and adapt to the environmental perturbations. In several pathogens, TCS are commonly associated with the regulation of virulence factors including proteases. The genome of BA encodes 41 TCS pairs, however, the role of any TCS in regulation of its proteases is not known...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Irmgard Iminger-Finger, Joanna Kargul, Geoff J Laurent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Noemí Sánchez-Hernández, Silvia Prieto-Sánchez, Cristina Moreno-Castro, Juan Pablo Muñoz-Cobo, Younes El Yousfi, Sofía Boyero-Corral, Marc Suñé-Pou, Cristina Hernández-Munain, Carlos Suñé
Studies of the spatial organization of the highly compartmentalized eukaryotic nucleus and dynamics of transcription and RNA processing within it are fundamental for fully understanding how gene expression is regulated in the cell. Although some progress has been made in deciphering the functional consequences of this complex network of interacting molecules in the context of nuclear organization, how proteins and RNA move in the nucleus and how the transcription and RNA processing machineries find their targets are important questions that remain largely unexplored...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Guido Hermey, Nils Blüthgen, Dietmar Kuhl
Activity-regulated gene transcription underlies plasticity-dependent changes in the molecular composition and structure of neurons. Numerous genes whose expression is induced by different neuronal plasticity inducing pathways have been identified, but the alteration of gene expression levels represents only part of the complexity of the activity-regulated transcriptional program. Alternative splicing of precursor mRNA is an additional mechanism that modulates the activity-dependent transcriptional signature...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Mohamad Rima, Marwa Daghsni, Stephan De Waard, Nathalie Gaborit, Ziad Fajloun, Michel Ronjat, Yasuo Mori, Juan L Brusés, Michel De Waard
The β subunits of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel (VGCC) are cytosolic proteins that interact with the VGCC pore -forming subunit and participate in the trafficking of the channel to the cell membrane and in ion influx regulation. β subunits also exert functions independently of their binding to VGCC by translocation to the cell nucleus including the control of gene expression. Mutations of the neuronal Cacnb4 (β4) subunit are linked to human neuropsychiatric disorders including epilepsy and intellectual disabilities...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Boudour Khabou, Anne-Marie Durand-Schneider, Jean-Louis Delaunay, Tounsia Aït-Slimane, Véronique Barbu, Faiza Fakhfakh, Chantal Housset, Michèle Maurice
Genetic variations of the phosphatidylcholine transporter, ABCB4 cause several biliary diseases. The large number of reported variations makes it difficult to foresee a comprehensive study of each variation. To appreciate the reliability of in silico prediction programs, 1) we confronted them with the assessment in cell models of two ABCB4 variations (E528D and P1161S) identified in patients with low phospholipid-associated cholelithiasis (LPAC); 2) we extended the confrontation to 19 variations that we had previously characterized in cellulo...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Jun Hu, Yangfan Nie, Shifeng Chen, Chunlin Xie, Qiwen Fan, Zhichang Wang, Baisheng Long, Guokai Yan, Qing Zhong, Xianghua Yan
Leucine serves not only as a substrate for protein synthesis, but also as a signal molecule involved in protein metabolism. However, whether the levels of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), which have damaging effects on cellular DNA, proteins, and lipids, are regulated by leucine is still unclear. Here, we report that leucine supplementation reduces ROS levels in intestinal epithelial cells of weaned piglets. A proteomics analysis revealed that leucine supplementation induces an energy metabolism switch from oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) towards glycolysis...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Wei Dai, Jian Wu, Shuyan Zhang, Bingjie Shi, Xinhui Xu, Danyang Wang, Jinke Wang
It has been well-known that over activation of NF-κB has close relationship with hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the complete and exact underlying molecular pathways and mechanisms still remain not fully understood. By manipulating NF-κB activity with its recognized activator TNFα and using ChIP-seq and RNA-seq techniques, this study identified 699 NF-κB direct target genes (DTGs) in a widely used HCC cell line, HepG2, including 399 activated and 300 repressed genes. In these NF-κB DTGs, 216 genes (126 activated and 90 repressed genes) are among the current HCC gene signature...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Lan Yang, Guilan Li, Jichao Ye, Dihan Lu, Zhihong Chen, Andy Peng Xiang, Mei Hua Jiang
Endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) are the most promising sources for replacing cells lost after spinal cord injury (SCI). We have previously shown that substance P (SP), a neuropeptide, improves functional recovery after SCI and increases the numbers of cells in lesion sites, but how this occurs is unclear. Here, we investigate whether SP regulates the neurogenesis of resident NSCs as well as exerting a beneficial effect on functional improvement. We found that SP (5nmol/kg) treatment markedly improved functional recovery and elicited robust activation of endogenous NSCs and boosted the number of EdU(+) proliferating cells differentiating into neurons, but it reduced astroglial differentiation in the lesion sites...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Julio Aguila Benitez, Shangli Cheng, Qiaolin Deng
Single-cell sequencing has emerged as a revolutionary method that reveals biological processes with unprecedented resolution and scale, and has already greatly impacted biology and medicine. To investigate processes such as alternative splicing, novel exon detection and allele-specific expression (ASE), full-length based single-cell RNA-seq methods are required for broad sequence coverage and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) identification. In this review, we revisit recent achievements from studies that used single-cell RNA-seq to advance our understanding of ASE in the context of both autosomal and X-chromosome genes...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Lydia Castro-Núñez, Johanna M Koornneef, Mariska G Rondaij, Esther Bloem, Carmen van der Zwaan, Koen Mertens, Alexander B Meijer, Henriet Meems
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is involved in the catabolism of many ligands, including factor VIII (FVIII) and alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M). Transfer of FVIII to LRP1 is currently believed to be preceded by pre-concentration on the cell surface, by interacting with a so far unidentified component. In the present study, we used confocal microscopy and flow cytometry to compare endocytosis of FVIII and α2M using U87MG cells. The results show that α2M is rapidly internalized and does not compete for LRP1 mediated internalization of FVIII...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Alicja Czubaty, Agnieszka Piekiełko-Witkowska
Disturbed alternative splicing is a common feature of human tumors. Splicing factors that control alternative splicing are phosphorylated by multiple kinases, including these that specifically add phosphoryl groups to serine-arginine rich proteins (e.g. SR-protein kinases, cdc2-like kinases, topoisomerase 1), and protein kinases that govern key cellular signaling pathways (i.e. AKT). Phosphorylation of splicing factors regulates their subcellular localization and interactions with target transcripts and protein partners, and thus significantly contributes the final result of splicing reactions...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Alison Colquhoun
The renewed interest in cancer metabolism in recent years has been fuelled by the identification of the involvement of key oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes in the control of metabolic pathways. Many of these alterations lead to dramatic changes in bioenergetics, biosynthesis and redox balance within tumour cells. The complex relationship between tumour cell metabolism and the tumour microenvironment has turned this field of biochemistry and cell biology into a challenging and exciting area for study. In the case of gliomas the involvement of altered metabolic pathways including glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation and glutaminolysis are pointing the way to new possibilities for treatment...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Rodrigo Prado Martins, Robin Fåhraeus
RNA processing plays a pivotal role in the diversification of high eukaryotes transcriptome and proteome. The expression of gene products controlling a variety of cellular and physiological processes depends largely on a complex maturation process undergone by pre-mRNAs to become translation-competent mRNAs. Here we review the different mechanisms involved in the pre-mRNA processing and disclose their impact in the gene regulation process in eukaryotic cells. We describe some viral strategies targeting pre-mRNA processing to control gene expression and host immune response and discuss their relevance as tools for a better understanding of cell biology...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"