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Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458098/spermine-protects-from-lps-induced-memory-deficit-via-bdnf-and-trkb-activation
#1
Pâmella K Frühauf-Perez, Fernanda R Temp, Micheli M Pillat, Cristiane Signor, Arithane Lorena Wendel, Henning Ulrich, Carlos F Mello, Maribel A Rubin
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been long known to promote neuroinflammation and learning and memory deficits. Since spermine, one of the main natural polyamines in the central nervous system, protects from LPS-induced memory deficit by a mechanism that comprises GluN2B receptors, the aim of the present study was to determine whether brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) receptor and cAMP response element binding (CREB) are involved in this protective effect of spermine...
February 16, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458097/topographical-memory-analyzed-in-mice-using-the-hamlet-test-a-novel-complex-maze
#2
Lucie Crouzier, Damien Gilabert, Mireille Rossel, Françoise Trousse, Tangui Maurice
The Hamlet test is an innovative device providing a complex environment for testing topographic memory in mice. Animals were trained in groups for weeks in a small village with a central agora, streets expanding from it towards five functionalized houses, where they can drink, eat, hide, run, interact with a stranger mouse. Memory was tested by depriving mice from water or food and analyzing their ability to locate the Drink/Eat house. Exploration and memory were analysed in different strains, gender, and after different training periods and delays...
February 16, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452227/age-and-experience-dependent-changes-in-egr-1-expression-during-the-ontogeny-of-the-context-preexposure-facilitation-effect-cpfe
#3
P A Robinson-Drummer, T Chakraborty, N A Heroux, J B Rosen, M E Stanton
The context preexposure facilitation effect (CPFE) is a variant of contextual fear conditioning in which acquisition of the contextual representation and association of the retrieved contextual memory with an immediate foots-hock are separated by 24hrs. During the CPFE, learning- related expression patterns of the early growth response -1 gene (Egr-1) vary based on training phase and brain sub-region in adult and adolescent rats (Asok, Schreiber, Jablonski, Rosen, & Stanton, 2013; Shreiber et al., 2014; Chakraborty, Asok, Stanton, & Rosen, 2016)...
February 13, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448003/increased-hippocampal-prefrontal-functional-connectivity-in-insomnia
#4
Jeanne Leerssen, Rick Wassing, Jennifer R Ramautar, Diederick Stoffers, Oti Lakbila-Kamal, Joy Perrier, Jessica Bruijel, Jessica C Foster-Dingley, Moji Aghajani, Eus J W van Someren
Insomnia Disorder (ID) is the second-most common mental disorder and has a far-reaching impact on daytime functioning. A meta-analysis indicates that, of all cognitive domains, declarative memory involving the hippocampus is most affected in insomnia. Hippocampal functioning has consistently been shown to be sensitive to experimental sleep deprivation. Insomnia however differs from sleep deprivation in many aspects, and findings on hippocampal structure and function have been equivocal. The present study used both structural and resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a larger sample than previously reported to evaluate hippocampal volume and functional connectivity in ID...
February 12, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438741/different-mechanisms-underlie-stress-induced-changes-in-plasticity-and-metaplasticity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-juvenile-and-adult-animals
#5
Tala Khazen, Kuldeep Shrivastava, Reem Jada, Ossama Abu Hatoum, Mouna Maroun
Metaplasticity is the dynamic regulation of the ability to induce activity-dependent synaptic plasticity and is governed by the prior history of the synapses. Previous reports by others and us have shown that behavioral stress induces a form of emotional metaplasticity that affects the ability to induce LTP in the subiculum-medial prefrontal cortex pathway, which depends on NMDA receptors (NMDAr). However, studies addressing the effects of stress on LTP and metaplasticity have mainly focused on the adult animal...
February 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438740/adult-hippocampal-mecp2-preserves-the-genomic-responsiveness-to-learning-required-for-long-term-memory-formation
#6
Kubra Gulmez Karaca, David V C Brito, Benjamin Zeuch, Ana M M Oliveira
MeCP2 is required both during postnatal neurodevelopment and throughout the adult life for brain function. Although it is well accepted that MeCP2 in the maturing nervous system is critical for establishing normal development, the functions of MeCP2 during adulthood are poorly understood. Particularly, the requirement of hippocampal MeCP2 for cognitive abilities in the adult is not studied. To characterize the role of MeCP2 in adult neuronal function and cognition, we used a temporal and region-specific disruption of MeCP2 expression in the hippocampus of adult male mice...
February 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432803/learning-and-memory-is-modulated-by-cannabidiol-when-administered-during-trace-fear-conditioning
#7
A L Uhernik, Z T Montoya, C D Balkissoon, J P Smith
Cannabidiol (CBD) is thought to have therapeutic potential for treating psychiatric conditions that affect cognitive aspects of learning and memory, including anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have shown that CBD enhances extinction of fear memory when given after conditioning. This led us to hypothesize that CBD, if administered prior to fear conditioning, might modulate cognitive learning and memory processes in additional ways that would further guide its potential use for treating PTSD...
February 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408274/running-exercise-mitigates-the-negative-consequences-of-chronic-stress-on-dorsal-hippocampal-long-term-potentiation-in-male-mice
#8
Roxanne M Miller, David Marriott, Jacob Trotter, Tyler Hammond, Dane Lyman, Timothy Call, Bethany Walker, Nathanael Christensen, Deson Haynie, Zoie Badura, Morgan Homan, Jeffrey G Edwards
In the hippocampus, learning and memory are likely mediated by synaptic plasticity, known as long-term potentiation (LTP). While chronic intermittent stress is negatively correlated, and exercise positively correlated to LTP induction, we examined whether exercise could mitigate the negative consequences of stress on LTP when co-occurring with stress. Mice were divided into four groups: sedentary no stress, exercise no stress, exercise with stress, and sedentary with stress. Field electrophysiology performed on brain slices confirmed that stress alone significantly reduced dorsal CA1 hippocampal LTP and exercise alone increased LTP compared to controls...
February 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428364/metaplasticity-at-the-addicted-tetrapartite-synapse-a-common-denominator-of-drug-induced-adaptations-and-potential-treatment-target-for-addiction
#9
Daniela Neuhofer, Peter Kalivas
In light of the current worldwide addiction epidemic, the need for successful therapies is more urgent than ever. Although we made substantial progress in our basic understanding of addiction, reliable therapies are lacking. Since 40-60% of patients treated for substance use disorder return to active substance use within a year following treatment discharge, alleviating the vulnerability to relapse is regarded as the most promising avenue for addiction therapy. Preclinical addiction research often focuses on maladaptive synaptic plasticity within the reward pathway...
February 8, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425692/a-rapidly-acquired-foraging-based-working-memory-task-sensitive-to-hippocampal-lesions-reveals-age-dependent-and-age-independent-behavioural-changes-in-a-mouse-model-of-amyloid-pathology
#10
Charles Evans, Martha Hvoslefeide, Rhian Thomas, Emma Kidd, Mark A Good
Three experiments examined the ability of mice to forage efficiently for liquid rewards in pots located in an open field arena. Search behaviour was unconstrained other than by the walls of the arena. All mice acquired the task within 4 days of training, with one trial per day. Experiment 1 tested the hypothesis that hippocampal lesions would disrupt foraging behaviour using extramaze cues. Mice with hippocampal lesions showed normal latency to initiate foraging and to complete the task relative to sham-operated mice...
February 6, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421612/revisit-metaplasticity-the-roles-of-calcineurin-and-histone-deacetylation-in-unlearning-odor-preference-memory-in-rat-pups
#11
Sriya Bhattacharya, Bandhan Mukherjee, Jaqueline Blundell, Carolyn Harley, Qi Yuan
Previous work has shown that 24 h duration odor preference learning, induced by one-trial training, generates a down-regulation of the GluN1 receptor in anterior piriform cortex at 3 h, and results in metaplastic unlearning if a second training trial is given at 3 h. The GluN1 receptor upregulates at 24 h so 24 h spaced training is highly effective in extending memory duration. The present study replicates the piriform cortex unlearning result in the olfactory bulb circuit and further studies the relationship between the initial training strength and its associated metaplastic effect...
February 5, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421611/gpr30-activation-improves-memory-and-facilitates-dhpg-induced-ltd-in-the-hippocampal-ca3-of-middle-aged-mice
#12
Wen Xu, Jian Cao, Yan Zhou, Lina Wang, Guoqi Zhu
Reduced estrogen levels and decreased expression of related receptors are typical cerebral features of aging. The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1, also known as GPR30) is considered a novel therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we demonstrated that hippocampal GPR30 expression was reduced in middle-aged mice compared with young adult mice. GPR30 agonist G1 improved both fear and spatial memory in both male and female middle-aged mice, but not in young adult mice, which were blocked by the GPR30 antagonist G15...
February 5, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412170/propranolol-disrupts-consolidation-of-emotional-memory-in-lymnaea
#13
Tamila Shymansky, Emily Hughes, Cailin M Rothwell, Ken Lukowiak
The therapeutic efficacy of the synthetic β-adrenergic receptor blocker, propranolol, for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is currently being debated. Mixed results have been published regarding propranolol's ability to disrupt the consolidation and reconsolidation of memories. Here, we use the invertebrate model Lymnaea to study propranolol's ability to disrupt consolidation of memories formed under varying various types of stress which cause differing degrees of emotional memory. We show that when propranolol is administered immediately following operant conditioning, only the consolidation process of memories enhanced by individual stressors (i...
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408273/impairment-in-extinction-of-cued-fear-memory-in-syntenin-1-knockout-mice
#14
Gourango Talukdar, Ran Inoue, Tomoyuki Yoshida, Hisashi Mori
Syntenin-1 is a PDZ domain-containing intracellular scaffold protein involved in exosome production, synapse formation, and synaptic plasticity. We tested whether syntenin-1 can regulate learning and memory through its effects on synaptic plasticity. Specifically, we investigated the role of syntenin-1 in contextual and cued fear conditioning and extinction of conditioned fear using syntenin-1 knockout (KO) mice. Genetic disruption of syntenin-1 had little effect on contextual and cued fear memory. However, syntenin-1 KO mice exhibited selective impairment in cued fear extinction retention...
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408270/gaba-function-may-be-related-to-the-impairment-of-learning-and-memory-caused-by-systemic-prenatal-hypoxia-ischemia
#15
Marta Cristina Cunha-Rodrigues, Cassiana Thayara do Nascimento Balduci, Frank Tenório, Penha Cristina Barradas
Intrauterine adverse conditions may be responsible for long-lasting damages which impact health even during adult phase. Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) events are a relevant cause of newborn mortality and the principal factor leading to permanent brain lesions. Using a model in which the ovarian and uterine flux of a pregnant rat is obstructed for 45 minutes we have described oligodendrocyte death, astrogliosis and neuronal loss. In this work we investigated hippocampal neuronal population and performed a functional evaluation of memory and learning of young rats that had been affected by prenatal HI...
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408055/methylphenidate-induces-state-dependency-of-social-recognition-learning-central-components
#16
Carolina Garrido Zinn, Leticia Bühler, Lorena Evelyn Cavalcante, Scheila Daiane Schmidt, Flávia Fagundes Ferreira, Mara Lise Zanini, Cristiane Regina Guerino Furini, Jociane de Carvalho Myskiw, Ivan Izquierdo
Methylphenidate (MPH) is a widely prescribed drug for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Findings in the literature suggest that the effects of MPH on memory may result from increased extracellular levels of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA). Here, we report that the systemic administration of MPH before the acquisition phase in a social discrimination task impaired the retrieval of the social recognition memory (SRM), but made it state-dependent: another administration of MPH before the retention test recovered the SRM...
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408054/paradoxical-accentuation-of-motivation-following-accumbens-pallidum-disconnection
#17
Stephen E Chang, Travis P Todd, Kyle S Smith
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) and ventral pallidum (VP) are reciprocally connected, and activity within this circuit is thought to promote reward learning. Inconsistent with this notion, we find that disconnecting NAc medial shell and VP greatly enhances the attribution of value to a cue that is paired with reward. This result suggests that medial NAc shell and VP are both needed for attributing value to cues yet can also oppose one-another's functional contribution.
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408468/neuropeptide-y2-receptors-in-anteroventral-bnst-control-remote-fear-memory-depending-on-extinction-training
#18
Dilip Verma, Ramon Tasan, Guenther Sperk, Hans-Christian Pape
The anterior bed nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST) is involved in reinstatement of extinguished fear, and neuropeptide Y2 receptors influence local synaptic signaling. Therefore, we hypothesized that Y2 receptors in anteroventral BNST (BNSTav) interfere with remote fear memory and that previous fear extinction is an important variable. C57BL/6NCrl mice were fear-conditioned, and a Y2 receptor-specific agonist (NPY3-36) or antagonist (JNJ-5207787) was applied in BNSTav before fear retrieval at the following day...
February 2, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398581/the-ubiquitin-proteasome-pathway-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#19
Solmi Cheon, Milan Dean, Maria Chahrour
The ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is a highly conserved pathway that tightly regulates protein turnover in cells. This process is integral to neuronal development, differentiation, and function. Several members of the UPS are disrupted in neuropsychiatric disorders, highlighting the importance of this pathway in brain development and function. In this review, we discuss some of these pathway members, the molecular processes they regulate, and the potential for targeting the UPS in an effort to develop therapeutic strategies in neuropsychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders...
January 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397283/the-metaplastic-effects-of-nmda-receptors-blockade-on-reactivation-of-instrumental-memories-in-rats
#20
Alessandro Piva, Elisabetta Gerace, Marzia Di Chio, Lisa Osanni, Laura Padovani, Lucia Caffino, Fabio Fumagalli, Domenico E Pellegrini-Giampietro, Cristiano Chiamulera
Metaplasticity, defined as the plasticity of synaptic plasticity, could affect learning and memory at different neural levels. It was hypothesized that metaplasticity changes on glutamate receptors may affect memory destabilization, promoting or preventing reconsolidation. We investigated the metaplastic effect of NMDA channel blocker MK-801 on sucrose instrumental memory reconsolidation in a behavioural rat model associated to the assessment of molecular markers of metaplasticity, memory retrieval, destabilization and reconsolidation...
January 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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