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Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333482/the-forward-testing-effect-on-self-regulated-study-time-allocation-and-metamemory-monitoring
#1
Chunliang Yang, Rosalind Potts, David R Shanks
The forward testing effect describes the finding that testing of previously studied information potentiates learning and retention of new information. Here we asked whether interim testing boosts self-regulated study time allocation when learning new information and explored its effect on metamemory monitoring. Participants had unlimited time to study five lists of Euskara-English word pairs (Experiment 1) or four lists of face-name pairs (Experiment 2). In a no interim test group, which was only tested on the final list, study time decreased across successive lists...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277691/timing-of-quizzes-during-learning-effects-on-motivation-and-retention
#2
Alice F Healy, Matt Jones, Lakshmi A Lalchandani, Lindsay Anderson Tack
This article investigates how the timing of quizzes given during learning impacts retention of studied material. We investigated the hypothesis that interspersing quizzes among study blocks increases student engagement, thus improving learning. Participants learned 8 artificial facts about each of 8 plant categories, with the categories blocked during learning. Quizzes about 4 of the 8 facts from each category occurred either immediately after studying the facts for that category (standard) or after studying the facts from all 8 categories (postponed)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263647/forgetting-induced-speeding-can-prospective-memory-failure-account-for-drivers-exceeding-the-speed-limit
#3
Vanessa K Bowden, Troy A W Visser, Shayne Loft
It is generally assumed that drivers speed intentionally because of factors such as frustration with the speed limit or general impatience. The current study examined whether speeding following an interruption could be better explained by unintentional prospective memory (PM) failure. In these situations, interrupting drivers may create a PM task, with speeding the result of drivers forgetting their newly encoded intention to travel at a lower speed after interruption. Across 3 simulated driving experiments, corrected or uncorrected speeding in recently reduced speed zones (from 70 km/h to 40 km/h) increased on average from 8% when uninterrupted to 33% when interrupted...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150961/effects-of-interruption-length-on-procedural-errors
#4
Erik M Altmann, J Gregory Trafton, David Z Hambrick
We investigated effects of task interruption on procedural performance, focusing on the effect of interruption length on the rates of different categories of error at the point of task resumption. Interruption length affected errors involving loss of place in the procedure (sequence errors) but not errors involving incorrect execution of a correct step (nonsequence errors), implicating memory for past performance, rather than generalized attentional resources, as the disrupted cognitive process. Within the category of sequence errors, interruption length produced a complex pattern of effects, with repetitions of the preinterruption step showing different effects than errors at other offsets from the correct step...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150960/training-impulsive-choices-for-healthy-and-sustainable-food
#5
Harm Veling, Zhang Chen, Merel C Tombrock, Iris A M Verpaalen, Laura I Schmitz, Ap Dijksterhuis, Rob W Holland
Many people find it hard to change their dietary choices. Food choice often occurs impulsively, without deliberation, and it has been unclear whether impulsive food choice can be experimentally created. Across 3 exploratory and 2 confirmatory preregistered experiments we examined whether impulsive food choice can be trained. Participants were cued to make motor responses upon the presentation of, among others, healthy and sustainable food items. They subsequently selected these food items more often for actual consumption when they needed to make their choices impulsively as a result of time pressure...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287796/-multisensory-brand-search-how-the-meaning-of-sounds-guides-consumers-visual-attention-correction-to-knoeferle-et-al-2016
#6
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Multisensory brand search: How the meaning of sounds guides consumers' visual attention" by Klemens M. Knoeferle, Pia Knoeferle, Carlos Velasco and Charles Spence (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2016[Jun], Vol 22[2], 196-210). In the article, under Experiment 2, Design and Stimuli, the set number of target products and visual distractors reported in the second paragraph should be 20 and 13, respectively: "On each trial, the 16 products shown in the display were randomly selected from a set of 20 products belonging to different categories...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287795/undermining-position-effects-in-choices-from-arrays-with-implications-for-police-lineups
#7
Matthew A Palmer, James D Sauer, Glenys A Holt
Choices from arrays are often characterized by position effects, such as edge-aversion. We investigated position effects when participants attempted to pick a suspect from an array similar to a police photo lineup. A reanalysis of data from 2 large-scale field studies showed that choices made under realistic conditions-closely matching eyewitness identification decisions in police investigations-displayed edge-aversion and bias to choose from the top row (Study 1). In a series of experiments (Studies 2a-2c and 3), participants guessing the location of a suspect exhibited edge-aversion regardless of whether the lineup was constructed to maximize the chances of the suspect being picked, to ensure the suspect did not stand out, or randomly...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165276/climate-change-helplessness-and-the-de-moralization-of-individual-energy-behavior
#8
Erika Salomon, Jesse L Preston, Melanie B Tannenbaum
Although most people understand the threat of climate change, they do little to modify their own energy conservation behavior. One reason for this gap between belief and behavior may be that individual actions seem unimpactful and therefore are not morally relevant. This research investigates how climate change helplessness-belief that one's actions cannot affect climate change-can undermine the moralization of climate change and personal energy conservation. In Study 1, climate change efficacy predicted both moralization of energy use and energy conservation intentions beyond individual belief in climate change...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150962/passive-restraint-reduces-visually-induced-motion-sickness-in-older-adults
#9
Behrang Keshavarz, Alison C Novak, Lawrence J Hettinger, Thomas A Stoffregen, Jennifer L Campos
Virtual environments such as those used in video games and driving/flight simulators are used for entertainment and training, but are often associated with visually induced motion sickness (VIMS). In this study, we asked whether passive restraint of the head and torso could reduce VIMS in younger and older adults. Twenty-one younger (18-35 years) and 16 older (65 + years) healthy adults engaged in a simulated driving task using a console video game while seated. On different days, participants completed 2 conditions: (a) in the unrestrained condition, participants were seated in a chair without a backrest and were free to move and (b) in the restrained condition, participants' head and torso were passively restrained to the backrest and headrest of the seat using tense elastic strips...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080097/-you-must-be-lying-because-i-don-t-understand-you-language-proficiency-and-lie-detection-correction-to-elliott-and-leach-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "You must be lying because I don't understand you: Language proficiency and lie detection" by Elizabeth Elliott and Amy-May Leach (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2016[Dec], Vol 22[4], 488-499). In the Results section, under "Signal detection theory," the first sentence of the second paragraph contains errors. The correct sentence is provided in this erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-59419-006.) We examined the impact of interviewees' language proficiencies on observers' lie detection performance...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045279/mind-the-gap-automated-concept-map-feedback-supports-students-in-writing-cohesive-explanations
#11
Andreas Lachner, Christian Burkhart, Matthias Nückles
Many students are challenged with the demand of writing cohesive explanations. To support students in writing cohesive explanations, we developed a computer-based feedback tool that visualizes cohesion deficits of students' explanations in a concept map. We conducted three studies to investigate the effectiveness of such feedback as well as the underlying cognitive processes. In Study 1, we found that the concept map helped students identify potential cohesion gaps in their drafts and plan remedial revisions...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045278/corporate-personhood-lay-perceptions-and-ethical-consequences
#12
Arthur S Jago, Kristin Laurin
Modern conceptions of corporate personhood have spurred considerable debate about the rights that society should afford business organizations. Across eight experiments, we compare lay perceptions of how corporations and people use rights, and also explore the consequences of these judgments. We find that people believe corporations, compared to humans, are similarly likely to use rights in protective ways that prevent harm but more likely to use rights in nonprotective ways that appear independent from-or even create-harm (Experiments 1a through 1c and Experiment 2)...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045277/discriminating-between-correct-and-incorrect-eyewitness-identifications-the-use-of-appropriate-cues
#13
Kristina S Kaminski, Siegfried L Sporer
To explain fact finders' judgment accuracy when evaluating the accuracy of an identification decision we applied the Brunswikian lens model. Guided by this model we examined (a) which cues observers use to evaluate an identification decision and how they interpret them ("subjective utilities"); and (b) if these cues as perceived by observers are indeed related to identification accuracy ("ecological validities"). Ninety-six participant-observers were presented with 48 videotaped positive identification decisions...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045276/evaluating-the-feature-comparison-strategy-for-forensic-face-identification
#14
Alice Towler, David White, Richard I Kemp
Face recognition is thought to rely on representations that encode holistic properties. Paradoxically, professional forensic examiners who identify unfamiliar faces by comparing facial images are trained to adopt a feature-by-feature comparison strategy. Here we tested the effectiveness of this strategy by asking participants to rate facial feature similarity prior to making same/different identity decisions to pairs of face images. Experiment 1 provided preliminary evidence that rating feature similarity improves unfamiliar face matching accuracy in novice participants...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936831/-how-readers-understand-causal-and-correlational-expressions-used-in-news-headlines-correction-to-adams-et-al-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "How Readers Understand Causal and Correlational Expressions Used in News Headlines" by Rachel C. Adams, Petroc Sumner, Solveiga Vivian-Griffiths, Amy Barrington, Andrew Williams, Jacky Boivin, Christopher D. Chambers and Lewis Bott (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 3, 2016, np). In the article, the fourth author was inadvertently omitted from the advance online version. Also, the second paragraph of the author note should have included the following: "Amy Barrington contributed to the design and data collection for Experiments 2 and 3...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808530/how-readers-understand-causal-and-correlational-expressions-used-in-news-headlines
#16
Rachel C Adams, Petroc Sumner, Solveiga Vivian-Griffiths, Amy Barrington, Andrew Williams, Jacky Boivin, Christopher D Chambers, Lewis Bott
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 23(1) of Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied (see record 2016-59631-001). In the article, the fourth author was inadvertently omitted from the advance online version. Also, the second paragraph of the author note should have included the following: "Amy Barrington contributed to the design and data collection for Experiments 2 and 3. We thank the following undergraduate students for contributions to Experiment 1 and pilot work leading up to the project: Laura Benjamin, Cecily Donnelly, Cameron Dunlop, Rebecca Emerson, Rose Fisher, Laura Jones, Olivia Manship, Hannah McCarthy, Naomi Scott, Eliza Walwyn-Jones, Leanne Whelan, and Joe Wilton...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936859/extracting-critical-information-from-group-members-partial-knowledge-using-the-searching-concealed-information-test
#17
Eitan Elaad
The Concealed Information Test (CIT) is a psychophysiological method designed to detect information that an individual cannot or does not wish to reveal. The present study used a version of the CIT, the Searching Concealed Information Test (SCIT), to extract information from partial information that participants possessed on a planned jailbreak. In the first experiment, 52 undergraduate students were randomly, but not equally, allocated into 15 different clusters of partial knowledge. In each, participants possessed knowledge about 2 of 6 critical items...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936858/you-must-be-lying-because-i-don-t-understand-you-language-proficiency-and-lie-detection
#18
Elizabeth Elliott, Amy-May Leach
We examined the impact of interviewees' language proficiencies on observers' lie detection performance. Observers (N = 132) were randomly assigned to make deception judgments about interviewees (N = 56) from Four proficiency groups (i.e., native, advanced, intermediate, and beginner English speakers). Discrimination between lie- and truth-tellers was poorest when observers judged beginner English speakers compared to interviewees from any other proficiency group. Observers were also less likely to exhibit a truth-bias toward nonnative than native English speakers...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936857/in-the-same-group-but-moving-in-different-directions-coordination-effects-in-tasks-with-simultaneous-intellective-and-judgmental-performance-criteria
#19
Bryan L Bonner, Andrew T Soderberg, Alexander C Romney
Cooperative work can seldom be meaningfully reduced to a single performance criterion. However, there is little theory regarding how groups address tasks with multiple success criteria. Generalizing from the theory of task demonstrability we offer a foundation for understanding group performance on multifaceted tasks that includes a focus on subtask performance, overall performance, and the subjective experience of group members. We predict and find that the composition of groups with respect to member priorities (i...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936856/contextual-information-and-perceptual-cognitive-expertise-in-a-dynamic-temporally-constrained-task
#20
Colm P Murphy, Robin C Jackson, Karl Cooke, André Roca, Nicolas Benguigui, A Mark Williams
Skilled performers extract and process postural information from an opponent during anticipation more effectively than their less-skilled counterparts. In contrast, the role and importance of contextual information in anticipation has received only minimal attention. We evaluate the importance of contextual information in anticipation and examine the underlying perceptual-cognitive processes. We present skilled and less-skilled tennis players with normal video or animated footage of the same rallies. In the animated condition, sequences were created using player movement and ball trajectory data, and postural information from the players was removed, constraining participants to anticipate based on contextual information alone...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
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