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International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019636/relationships-between-certain-individual-characteristics-and-occupational-accidents
#1
Mohammad Javad Jafari, Abdullah Barkhordari, Davood Eskandari, Yadollah Mehrabi
BACKGROUND: Work accidents and injuries are an occupational health and safety problem. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted for 404 front-line workers who were randomly selected from the Arya Sasol Petrochemical Company in Bushehr, Iran, during 2016. A statistical analysis was performed using the x2 test and the logistic regression model with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) package. RESULTS: The overall occupational accident rate among the study subjects was found to be 9...
July 18, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016221/prevalence-pattern-and-correlates-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-school-teachers-in-enugu-nigeria
#2
Chidiebele Petronilla Ojukwu, Godson Emeka Anyanwu, Benjamin Eze, Sylvester Caesar Chukwu, Chioma Linda Onuchukwu, Emelie Morris Anekwu
INTRODUCTION: There is insufficient literature on the prevalence and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among teachers in Nigeria. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of work-related MSDs and their associations with occupational and socio-demographic factors of Nigerian-based school teachers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Socio-demographic and occupational characteristics, prevalence and pattern of work-related MSDs of 352 school teachers (24-60 years) were investigated using a standard Nordic questionnaire...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015596/work-related-musculoskeletal-problems-and-associated-factors-among-office-workers
#3
Alireza Besharati, Hadi Daneshmandi, Khodabakhsh Zareh, Anahita Fakherpour, Mojgan Zoaktafi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated factors among Iranian office personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 359 Iranian office workers were included. Data were gathered using a demographic questionnaire, the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire, the numeric rating scale, rapid office strain assessment (ROSA), and NASA task load index (NASA-TLX). RESULTS: Our findings showed that the highest prevalence rate of MSDs within the last 12 months, and the highest pain/discomfort severity were related to the participants' necks...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889000/factors-affecting-musculoskeletal-disorder-prevalence-among-women-weavers-working-with-handlooms-in-samarinda-indonesia
#4
Iwan Muhamad Ramdan, Krishna Purnawan Candra, Alfiani Rahma Fitri
A cross-sectional study was conducted on 40 women weavers of Samarinda sarongs to identify the prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). A Nordic body map, rapid upper limb assessment and anthropometric tools were used to plot the MSD severity, work posture and anthropometric dimensions of the weavers, respectively. The age, education background, working period and prolonged sitting position distributions of the weavers were collected by direct interview. Pearson's product-moment correlation was applied to identify correlations between the MSD prevalence and other parameters...
July 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996729/adaptation-of-perturbation-to-postural-control-in-individuals-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#5
Byungjoon B J Kim, Sunghan Kim
Loss of sensation in the feet due to diabetic peripheral neuropathy can cause deterioration of postural control and result in higher risk of trips, slips, or falls. In the literature, many studies have reported that people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy tend to show greater displacement of body sway than normal people when the base of support was disrupted. But, it has not been known much about postural characteristics of diabetics with peripheral neuropathy at the moment of postural stability disruptions and during the time span for recovering its stability...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29993343/the-association-between-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-and-other-thermal-indices-di-mdi-pmv-ppd-phs-psi-and-psi-hr-a-field-study
#6
Sajad Zare, Naser Hasheminejad, Mokhles Bateni, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Hossein Elahi Shirvan, Rasoul Hemmatjo
The current study aimed at comparing the correlation coefficients between wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and a number of parameters, including the discomfort index (DI), modified discomfort index (MDI), predicted mean vote (PMV), predicted percentage of dissatisfaction (PPD), predicted heat strain (PHS), physiological strain index (PSI) and physiological strain index heart rate (PSIhr ). In total, 30 workers of a pelletizing factory participated in this study. Environmental parameters and workers' physiological parameters were measured in 10 working stations...
July 11, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987970/occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-south-african-large-scale-mines-exploring-hearing-conservation-programmes-as-complex-interventions-embedded-in-a-realist-approach
#7
Nomfundo F Moroe
BACKGROUND: Complex interventions have been conducted in the field of public health to improve health at individual, organizational policy or population level. In occupational audiology, hearing conservation programmes (HCPs), which are interventions to minimize or eliminate occupational noise induced hearing loss are currently not defined as complex interventions, despite them fitting the definition and features of complex interventions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore if HCPs are a complex intervention, fitting the predefined criteria for complex interventions...
July 10, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952733/a-pre-post-evaluation-of-fatigue-stress-and-vigilance-amongst-commercially-licensed-truck-drivers-performing-a-prolonged-driving-task
#8
Michelle Cardoso, Fred Fulton, Jack P Callaghan, Michel Johnson, Wayne J Albert
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this research study was to evaluate changes in fatigue, stress and vigilance amongst commercially licensed truck drivers involved in a prolonged driving task. The secondary purpose was to determine if a new ergonomic seat could help reduce both physical and cognitive fatigue during a prolonged driving task. Two different truck seats were evaluated: industrial standard seat and a new truck seat prototype. METHODS: Twenty male truck drivers were recruited to attend two testing sessions, on two separate days with each session randomized for seat design...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952720/promoting-evidence-based-practice-perceived-knowledge-behaviours-and-attitudes-of-polish-nurses-a-cross-sectional-validation-study
#9
Jarosława Belowska, Mariusz Panczyk, Aleksander Zarzeka, Lucyna Iwanow, Ilona Cieślak, Joanna Gotlib
PURPOSE: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is recognized by the healthcare community as the gold standard for the provision of safe and compassionate healthcare. The aim was to describe nurses' knowledge, behaviours and attitudes regarding EBP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional approach was conducted during specialty state examinations in Poland in 2014 in a sample of 548 nurses. A self-completed reliable and valid questionnaire Evidence-based Practice Profile Questionnaire (Australia)...
June 28, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939109/efficiency-improvement-by-navigated-safety-inspection-involving-visual-clutter-based-on-the-random-search-model
#10
Xinlu Sun, Heap-Yih Chong, Pin-Chao Liao
Navigated inspection seeks to improve hazard identification (HI) accuracy. With tight inspection schedule, HI also requires efficiency. However, lacking quantification of HI efficiency, navigated inspection strategies cannot be comprehensively assessed. This work aims to determine inspection efficiency in navigated safety inspection, controlling for the HI accuracy. Based on a cognitive method of the random search model (RSM), an experiment was conducted to observe the HI efficiency in navigation, for a variety of visual clutter (VC) scenarios, while using eye-tracking devices to record the search process and analyze the search performance...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927710/comparison-of-the-safety-cultures-of-turkish-aviation-and-maritime-transportation-workers
#11
Ishak Altinpinar, Ersan Basar
Given the needs of the growing world population, the importance of the transportation sector has steadily increased. Maritime and aviation fields are considered two crucial parts of this sector. Transportation accidents must be minimized in order to ensure timely delivery of natural resources, sustainable production, and safety of life and property. Human error plays an important role in transportation accidents and is the cause of 70% to 90% of all aviation and maritime accidents. It is a well-known fact that these errors can be minimized by enhancing the perception of safety culture for individuals, corporations, and nations...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927709/application-of-pythagorean-fuzzy-ahp-and-vikor-methods-in-occupational-health-and-safety-risk-assessment-the-case-of-a-gun-and-rifle-barrel-external-surface-oxidation-and-colouring-unit
#12
Muhammet Gul
The field of occupational health and safety (OHS) focuses on reducing occupational accidents to an acceptable level. OHS covers systematic efforts aimed at providing employee health, safety, and welfare in the workplaces. In this study, a new approach is proposed for risk assessment in the field of OHS. It integrates the Pythagorean fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (PFAHP) and the fuzzy VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (FVIKOR) into a risk assessment process. PFAHP is used in weighting the risk parameters...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708058/effect-of-neck-posture-on-cervicothoracic-loads-in-overhead-crane-operators
#13
Davood Afshari, Adel Mazloumi, Maryam Nourollahi-Darabad, Gabraeil Nasl Saraji, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
Awkward neck postures are commonly documented to be associated with an increased risk of neck disorders. This study intended to continuously monitor and evaluate neck postures and to estimate the cervicothoracic loads among overhead crane operators during work time. Neck postures were measured among 40 randomly selected operators by an inclinometer during 2 h of work time. To determine the tasks and adapt the posture recordings to each of their corresponding tasks, direct observation was conducted concurrently...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902120/design-for-occupational-safety-and-health-of-workers-in-construction-in-developing-countries-a-study-of-architects-in-nigeria
#14
Patrick Manu, Anush Poghosyan, Ibrahim Mark Mshelia, Samuel Tekena Iwo, Abdul-Majeed Mahamadu, Krzysztof Dziekonski
PURPOSE: Design for safety (DfS) of workers is amongst the prominent ways of tackling poor occupational safety and health (OSH) performance in construction. However, in developing countries there is an extremely limited research on DfS. This study thus makes an important contribution to the subject of DfS in developing countries by specifically examining the awareness and practice of DfS amongst architects within the construction sector of Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey of architects, yielding 161 valid responses, was conducted...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893186/a-non-destructive-single-plate-method-for-measurement-of-thermal-resistance-of-polymer-sheets-and-fabrics
#15
Ivan Dolezal, Lubos Hes, Kausik Bal
Measurement of the thermal resistance of polymer sheets and fibrous layers is important in various applications including those within the engineering, ergonomics, clothing design and personal protective equipment fields. Standard methods of measurement of the thermal resistance of plain materials are generally time consuming, expensive and often require the sample to be cut. Moreover, the temperature difference between the surfaces of both plates surrounding the sample must be known, as well as the sample thickness...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893181/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-prosthetists-and-orthotists-in-australia
#16
S Anderson, R Stuckey, J Oakman
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in prosthetists/orthotists working in Australia. Secondary to this, the relationship between work-related hazards and work-related musculoskeletal disorders will be examined. METHODS: In 2012 a self-report survey was conducted with the prosthetist/orthotist workforce in Australia (N=139, 56% response rate). Data on workplace physical and psychosocial hazards, job satisfaction, work life balance and musculoskeletal discomfort were collected...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714637/impact-of-safety-training-and-interventions-on-training-transfer-targeting-migrant-construction-workers
#17
Rahat Hussain, Akeem Pedro, Do Yeop Lee, Hai Chien Pham, Chan Sik Park
Despite substantial efforts to improve construction safety training, the accident rate of migrant workers is still high. One of the primary factors contributing to the inefficacy of training includes information delivery gaps during training sessions (knowledge-transfer). In addition, there is insufficient evidence that these training programmes alone are effective enough to enable migrant workers to transfer their skills to the jobsite (training-transfer). This research attempts to identify and evaluate additional interventions to improve the transfer of acquired knowledge to the workplace...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889649/effect-of-hand-postures-and-object-properties-on-forearm-muscles-activities-using-surface-electromyography
#18
Kyung-Sun Lee, Myung-Chul Jung
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to measure the effect of hand postures and object properties to nine forearm muscle activities and contribution using surface electromyography (sEMG). METHODS: Ten male university students participated in the experiment. The objects used were cylindrical and rectangular, with sizes and weights of 2, 4, 6, and 8 cm and 400, 800, 1400, and 1800 g. The experimenter told the participant to pick up the object using a particular hand posture, lift the object to approximately shoulder height, and maintain this posture for 3 s...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882723/terrorism-vulnerability-organizations-ambiguous-expectations-and-employees-conflicting-priorities
#19
Syed Jamal Shah, Zhang Li, Salim Khan, Syed Asad Ali Shah, Dilawar Khan Durrani, Liaqat Ali, Bandana Das
This study demonstrates how field employees' perceived threat of terrorism (PTT) is magnified by the incompatibility between role demand (travel and work outdoors) and resource (terrorism endangered environment). With a foundation in the conservation of resource perspective and transactional theory of stress, a theoretical framework was proposed to test the mediating effect of role ambiguity (RA) and role conflict (RC) in the relationship between PTT and emotional exhaustion (EE). An approach involving confirmatory factor analysis and the structural equation was used for analysis...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774796/effects-of-organizational-safety-on-employees-proactivity-safety-behaviors-and-occupational-health-and-safety-management-systems-in-chinese-high-risk-small-scale-enterprises
#20
Qiang Mei, Qiwei Wang, Suxia Liu, Qiaomei Zhou, Jingjing Zhang
Based on the characteristics of small-scale enterprises, the improvement of occupational health and safety management systems (OHS MS) needs an effective intervention. This study proposed a structural equation model and examined the relationships of perceived organization support for safety (POSS), person-organization safety fit (POSF) and proactivity safety behaviors with safety management, safety procedures and safety hazards identification. Data were collected from 503 employees of 105 Chinese high-risk small-scale enterprises over 6 months...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
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