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International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412040/standing-working-posture-and-musculoskeletal-pain-among-citrus-sinensis-workers-in-a-low-income-country
#1
Ncube France, Kanda Artwell, Sanyanga Tatenda
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal pain (WRMP) among citrus sinensis farm workers have barely been studied. Yet most work tasks in such farms are manually performed using awkward standing postures that can contribute to WRMP. AIM: This study assessed the standing working posture in relation to WRMP among citrus sinensis workers. METHODS: Ninety-two workers engaged in manual tasks participated in this cross-sectional study. Postures at the upper limbs were analysed using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) method...
November 9, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412039/compensation-claims-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hairdressers-in-france-2010-2016
#2
Pierre Nanyan, Mondher Ben Charrada
BACKGROUND: Hairdressers in France experience occupational illness as well as stressful working conditions which can result in permanent incapacity mainly due to work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) yet WRMSDs in this work force remain largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse trends in compensation claims for WRMSDs among hairdressers. METHODS: Data concerning gender, age, permanent incapacity, working experience, and lost work days (LWD) of claimants were extract from the French National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers...
November 9, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30372666/influence-of-semantic-cues-on-hazard-inspection-performance-a-case-in-construction-safety
#3
Mei Liu, Pin-Chao Liao, Xiao-Yun Wang, Sheng Li, Pei-Luen Patrick Rau
Constant improvement in hazard identification is key to personnel safety in workplace. Semantic cues have been proposed to simplify knowledge retrieval for site inspectors in building construction. However, the effectiveness of this approach and its internal mechanisms remain unexamined. This study assesses the influence of semantic cues on inspection performance from the perspective of visual behavior during elevator installation. Our results indicate that semantic cues drive selective attention toward goal-relevant information more effectively compared with when no such cues are provided...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362390/simulation-as-a-means-to-develop-firefighters-as-emergency-care-professionals
#4
Anna Abelsson, Lars Lundberg
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the simulated emergency care performed by firefighters and their perception of simulation as an educational method. METHODS: This study had a mixed method with both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Data were collected by simulation assessment, a questionnaire, and written comments. Descriptive analysis was conducted on the quantitative data whereas a qualitative content analysis was conducted on the qualitative data...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30354873/the-effect-of-occupational-noise-exposure-on-systolic-blood-pressure-diastolic-blood-pressure-and-salivary-cortisol-level-among-automotive-assembly-workers
#5
Khadijeh Yaghoubi, Iraj Alimohammadi, Jamileh Abolghasemi, Mehdi Shirin Shandiz, Nahid Aboutaleb, Azadeh Ashtarinezhad
INTRODUCTION: Both auditory and non-auditory health can be affected by exposure to occupational noise. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of high occupational noise (at three levels) with systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and salivary cortisol concentration in an automotive factory. METHODS: This study was carried out on 78 male workers from a factory who worked in the warehouse unit (control group: 60-70 dB(A)) and assembly units (two test groups: 75-85 and 85-95 dB(A))...
October 24, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165802/influence-of-the-milling-tool-setup-on-occupational-safety-in-furniture-making
#6
Mariusz Dąbrowski, Jarosław Górski
One of the most serious causes of accidents in furniture making is kickback of machined material. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of the milling tool setup on hazards associated with kickback in furniture making. The speed of kickback was accepted as the measure of these hazards. The experiment involved controlled changes in milling tool setup, projection of cutting knives over the body of the milling tool, number of cutting knives and clearance angle. Multifactor analysis of variance was applied to the results of individual experiments, showing statistically significant factors and their interactions...
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130462/attitudes-toward-elderly-workers-and-perceptions-of-integrated-age-management-practices
#7
Mikael Widell Blomé, Jonas Borell, Carita Håkansson, Kerstin Nilsson
This qualitative study investigates attitudes toward elderly workers and their work situation in different sectors, and explores perceptions and organizational measures that can enable an extended working life. Previous age management studies indicate that there are several interconnected measures and key areas of importance, and that there is a general need for strategies to strengthen sustainable age management at the organizational level. A structured content analysis was used to analyze data from focus group interviews with informants from a variety of organizations...
October 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295571/performance-shaping-factors-in-the-human-error-probability-modification-of-human-reliability-analysis
#8
Xing Pan, Zekun Wu
Human-induced accidents indicate the importance of human reliability analysis (HRA) in reducing and eliminating human errors, thus improving the reliability of human-machine systems. HRA takes both qualitative and quantitative approaches to determine the error of the operators and the contexts in which tasks are performed. To ensure that HRA results can objectively evaluate human error behaviors, the quantification of human error probability (HEP) is typically based on the qualitative analysis of human factors and task contexts and is further refined by performance shaping factors (PSFs)...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893181/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-prosthetists-and-orthotists-in-australia
#9
Sarah Anderson, Rwth Stuckey, Jodi Oakman
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in prosthetists/orthotists working in Australia. Secondary to this, the relationship between work-related hazards and work-related musculoskeletal disorders will be examined. METHODS: In 2012, a self-report survey was conducted with the prosthetist/orthotist workforce in Australia (N = 139, 56% response rate). Data on workplace physical and psychosocial hazards, job satisfaction, work-life balance and musculoskeletal discomfort were collected...
October 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281406/using-the-categorical-data-analyses-in-determination-of-dust-related-occupational-diseases-in-mining
#10
Mustafa Onder, Burcu Demir Iroz, Seyhan Onder
Dust related occupational diseases are common in mining sector. It is important to identify employees who have high potential for having these diseases and to investigate the factors affecting disease formation. For this reason, dust and dust related occupational diseases should be carefully investigated in the mining operations. In this study, dust related occupational diseases in an open pit lignite mine were investigated. Firstly, dust measurements were performed and then, health check of all employees was implemented...
October 3, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269662/electromyographic-evaluation-of-different-handle-shapes-of-masons-trowels
#11
Nabiollah Bakhtiari, Iman Dianat, Moein Nedaei
The effects of five different handle shapes of masons' trowels on muscle activity of the arm and forearm muscles (through electromyographic [EMG] measurements of the biceps brachii [BB], flexor digitorum superficialis [FDS], pronator teres [PT] and extensor carpi ulnaris [ECU]) were evaluated in a simulated masonry task. The results showed a significant effect of handle shape on the muscle activity of the BB, PT and ECU. The muscle activity of the extensor (ECU) and flexor (FDS) were generally larger than those of the supinator (BB) and pronator (PT)...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792568/physical-ergonomics-awareness-in-an-offshore-processing-platform-among-malaysian-oil-and-gas-workers
#12
M Hafizul Hilmi M Noor, Raja Ariffin Raja Ghazilla
INTRODUCTION: The reliability of offshore oil and gas (O&G) facilities depends on the operation and maintenance activities, where human physical intervention is involved. Workers are often exposed to ergonomics hazards due to inefficient workplace design. Ergonomics awareness among workers is a crucial factor in mitigating such hazards. OBJECTIVES: This study intends to evaluate the state of physical ergonomics awareness among Malaysian O&G workers and to assess their perception toward the criticality of physical ergonomics issues within an offshore processing facility...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259799/assessment-of-disability-and-incidence-of-chronic-diseases-in-employed-and-unemployed-people-aged-60-70-years-living-in-poland-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Bernard Sozański, Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the level of disability and occurrence of chronic diseases in employed and unemployed people aged 60-70 years living in the society in the southeastern part of Poland (Podkarpackie region). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1000 randomly selected people (aged 60-70 years) was performed. The World Health Organization disability assessment schedule questionnaire and a metric questionnaire were used. RESULTS: Only 9...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893186/a-non-destructive-single-plate-method-for-measurement-of-thermal-resistance-of-polymer-sheets-and-fabrics
#14
Ivan Dolezal, Lubos Hes, Kausik Bal
Measurement of thermal resistance of polymer sheets and fibrous layers is important in various applications including those within the engineering, ergonomics, clothing design and personal protective equipment fields. Standard methods for measurement of thermal resistance of plain materials are generally time consuming, expensive and often require the sample to be cut. Moreover, the temperature difference between the surfaces of both plates surrounding the sample must be known, as well as the sample thickness...
September 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30246622/factors-predisposing-to-work-related-lower-back-pain-in-automobile-industry-workers
#15
Bhakti Jamdade, Apurv Shimpi, Savita Rairikar, Ashok Shyam, Parag Sancheti
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the presence of lower back pain (LBP) in automobile industrial workers and correlate it with the factors known to be contributing to the development of work-related LBP. METHOD: Post ethical approval, an analytical cross-sectional assessment was conducted for a correlation study on 317 workers from different automobile industries, garages and service centres, who were then assessed by Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire for the presence of LBP...
September 24, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149784/hazard-analysis-using-a-bayesian-network-and-linear-programming
#16
Burak Efe, Mustafa Kurt, Ömer Faruk Efe
In order to make a system safer, it is necessary to determine which hazard should be removed by considering the interactions of all hazards in the process. In this study, the influence of the hazards related to iron works in a construction firm is examined by Bayesian network approach. If only the most important hazard is identified and removed from the work environment, it may be erroneous to comment on the levels of the remaining hazards. A Bayesian network is proposed to remove this problem. If there is more time and budget than planned for a process, these capacities will have to be reduced in other processes...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063875/measuring-static-muscular-strength-among-female-operatives-a-cross-sectional-comparison-in-different-handicraft-occupations
#17
Ashish Kumar Singh, Makkhan Lal Meena, Himanshu Chaudhary
PURPOSE: Loss of static muscular strength is the most common work-related problem among handicraft workers involved in hand-intensive jobs. A cross-sectional comparative assessment was carried out to determine the muscular strength among workers involved in the manufacturing of three different crafts: weaving, hand block printing and imitation jewelry. METHODS: 120 female operatives were selected, and digital grip dynamometers were used to measure their maximum hand grip and pinch strength...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043680/the-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-bim-uav-model-in-managing-safety-on-construction-sites
#18
Sepehr Alizadehsalehi, Ibrahim Yitmen, Tolga Celik, David Arditi
INTRODUCTION: A variety of approaches exist to achieve better construction safety performance, but only a few consider a combination of building information modeling (BIM) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). METHOD: This article presents a four-dimensional (4D) BIM/UAV-enabled safety management model based on IDEF0 language. In the first step, potential hazards are identified with the help of safety specialists' experiences and BIM software used in the design of the structure...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221592/interaction-effects-of-washing-and-abrasion-on-thermal-protective-performance-of-flame-retardant-fabrics
#19
Lijun Wang, Jiazhen He, Yehu Lu, Shumin Jiang, Min Wang
In this study, common flame retardant fabrics were treated with single washing or abrasion and their interactions to simulate the wearing away during use. The changes in thickness, mass/m2 and protective performance of the fabrics under both flame and radiation environments were evaluated. It demonstrated that the protective performance was firstly increased after washing or abrasion, and then decreased with further increasing washing or abrasion cycles. After certain treatment cycles, the combined effect of washing and abrasion was significantly greater than the single effect of washing or abrasion alone...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221590/an-ergonomic-evaluation-of-pannists
#20
Chrystal Joseph, Ayana U C Walters, Wendy L Lawrence, Nigel Kevin Jalsa
Instrumentalists and specifically percussionists have been found to develop musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to the nature of their work. This study aimed to assess the MSD risk factors associated with playing the steel pan, which was invented in Trinidad and Tobago in the 20th century. A sample of 13 pannists and 13 non-pannists completed a modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and data analysis included multiple correlations, a Student's t-test, the Moore-Garg Strain Index and a calculation of compressive force at the L5/S1 vertebrae...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
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