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Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research

Mona Afify, Amal H Hamza, Reem A Alomari
To provide fundamental insights into the mechanism of Hepatitis C virus (HCV), we conduct the present study to improve further understanding of the interaction between HCV and cytokines. Two hundred one patients were enrolled in this study. Seventy-eight patients matching the study group in terms of age and gender with negative serology for hepatitis viruses, HIV virus, and with liver enzyme levels within normal range were selected as the control group. Patients were diagnosed with positive hepatitis C by detection of positive HCV antibodies in serum...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Marwa K Ibrahim, Hosny Salama, Mohamad Abd El Rahman, Reham M Dawood, Noha G Bader El Din, Heba F Salem, Mohamed E A Abdelrahim, Dalia Omran, Moataza H Omran, Khaled Helmi El-Wakeel, Tawfeek H Abdelhafez, Ahmed Khedr, Mostafa K El Awady
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the leading cause of liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At present, there is no predictive biomarker for the patients at high risk of developing HCC. In this study, we examined the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 3 innate immunity genes [2'-5'oligoadenylate synthetase 1 (OAS1) rs10774671, interleukin 28B (IL28B) rs12979860, and low molecular mass polypeptide 7 (LMP-7) at codon 49] besides cytomegalovirus (CMV) coinfection and susceptibility to HCC in genotype 4 (GT4) chronically infected Egyptian patients...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Ricardo Zwirtes, Premkumar Narasimhan, Megan M Wind-Rotolo, Dong Xu, Matthew W Hruska, Narendra Kishnani, Elizabeth M Colston, Subasree Srinivasan
The phase 2b EMERGE study compared the efficacy/safety of peginterferon lambda-1a (Lambda) and peginterferon alfa-2a (Alfa), both with ribavirin (RBV), for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A key safety finding was a higher frequency of hyperbilirubinemia with Lambda/RBV versus Alfa/RBV. To characterize mechanisms of hyperbilirubinemia associated with Lambda/RBV, we conducted a retrospective analysis of safety data from the HCV genotype 1 and genotype 4 cohort of the EMERGE study. Subjects were randomized to once-weekly Lambda (120/180/240 μg) or Alfa (180 μg), with daily RBV, for 48 weeks...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Engy A Mogahed, Hanan Abdelaziz, Heba Helmy, Haytham Ghita, Mohamed A Abdel Mawla, Fetouh Hassanin, Fatina I Fadel, Hanaa El-Karaksy
Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is an important issue before kidney transplantation (KT). The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy and tolerability of HCV treatment with pegylated interferon (PEG IFN)-α 2b in children with ESRD. The study included 17 children, aged 3-18 years with ESRD on hemodialysis (HD), with chronic HCV. They received 40 μg/m(2) of PEG IFN-α 2b once-weekly subcutaneous injections for 48 weeks. Early virological response (EVR) was achieved in 76...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Aoife Kelly, Mark W Robinson, Gerard Roche, Christine A Biron, Cliona O'Farrelly, Elizabeth J Ryan
The interferon lambda (IFN-λ) cytokines have well-known antiviral properties, yet their contribution to immune regulation is not well understood. Epithelial cells represent the major target cell of IFN-λ; peripheral blood mononuclear cells are generally considered nonresponsive, with the exception of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). In this study we aimed to define the potential for discrete subpopulations of cells to directly respond to IFN-λ. Analysis of peripheral blood leukocytes reveals that, while pDCs uniformly express the highest levels of IFN-λ receptor, a small proportion of B cells and monocytes also express the receptor...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Outi Heikkilä, Michaela Nygårdas, Henrik Paavilainen, Elina Ryödi, Veijo Hukkanen
Interleukin-27 (IL-27) inhibits the replication of many viruses, but the mechanism differs according to virus and cell type. In this study, we observed that IL-27 expression was upregulated in herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-infected SJL/J mice, which led us to further investigate the role of IL-27 in HSV-1 infection using epithelial, glioma, and immunological cells as cell models. We showed that in all studied cell lines, the IL-27 messenger RNA (mRNA) level was upregulated due to the HSV-1 infection. When the cells were primed with IL-27 before the virus infection, the virus release was prevented, indicating an antiviral role of IL-27 in HSV-1 infection...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Marius van Rijnsoever, Sumedha Galhenage, Lindsay Mollison, Joel Gummer, Robert Trengove, John K Olynyk
Anemia is a complication of interferon-containing hepatitis C treatments. We characterized effects of interferon-based therapy on hepcidin and erythropoietin (EPO) production, iron metabolism, hemolysis, and hematopoiesis. Standard hemopoiesis [reticulocyte hemoglobin (Hb), reticulocyte production index (RPI), free Hb, and haptoglobin], iron biochemistry, hepcidin, and EPO levels were measured in 10 subjects over 12 weeks. There was a rapid decline in Hb during treatment, from a mean pretreatment (t = 0 weeks) Hb of 158...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Jacquelyn R Bedsaul, Luna A Zaritsky, Kathryn C Zoon
Sendai virus (SeV), a murine paramyxovirus, has been used to study the induction of type I interferon (IFN) subtypes in robust quantities. Few studies have measured whether the IFN that SeV induces actually fulfills its intended purpose of interfering with virus-mediated effects in the cells in which it is produced. We determined the effects of IFN on SeV-mediated cytopathic effects (CPE) and the ability of IFN to protect against virus infection. SeV-induced biologically active IFN resulted in Jak/STAT activation and the production of a number of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs)...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Lifeng Huang, Jinfeng Li, Yue Han, Song Zhao, Yue Zheng, Feng Sui, Xin Xin, Wenliang Ma, Yijia Jiang, Yongming Yao, Wenxiong Li
The research was performed to explore the diagnosis value of dynamic serum calprotectin (SC) expression for sepsis in postoperative intensive care unit patients. One hundred sixty-three patients who met the inclusion criteria served as the study group. All cases in the study group were further divided into the sepsis subgroup (51 cases) and the nonsepsis subgroup (112 cases). Fifty healthy volunteers served as the control group. The levels of SC and other laboratory indexes including complete blood counts, leukocytes, the immature-to-total-neutrophil ratio, procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein, and blood lactate were detected, cytokines [interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, and interferon-γ] released by neutrophils were also determined...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Xiang Chen, Quan Gong, Chun-Yu Wang, Kun Zhang, Xiao Ji, Ya-Xi Chen, Xi-Jie Yu
Studies suggest interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) may be beneficial in obesity-related disorders with inconsistent results. This study was designed to investigate and compare their pathophysiological roles in lipid metabolism with gene knockout approach. Male wild-type (WT), IL-6 knockout (IL-6(-/-)), and TNF-α knockout (TNF-α(-/-)) mice were maintained on either a chow diet or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks. Indices of lipid metabolism in blood, adipose, and liver were determined...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Scott T Youngquist, Atman P Shah, John P Rosborough, James T Niemann
Most resuscitated victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who survive to hospital expire due to the postresuscitation syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by a sepsis-like proinflammatory state. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether a relationship exists between the rise of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a proinflammatory cytokine, following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and early postarrest survival in a clinically relevant animal model of spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF)...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Burak Dik, Irmak Dik, Emre Bahcivan, Oguzhan Avci
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) vaccine on cytokine and antibody levels in sheep when administered alone or in combination with Corynebacterium cutis lysate (CCL). The PPR vaccine group received a single subcutaneous axillary injection of the PPR vaccine (1 mL containing tissue culture infectious dose (TCID)50 attenuated live PPRV, n = 6) and the combination treatment (1 mL CCL and 1 mL PPR vaccine, n = 6) groups received a single subcutaneous axillary injection of both CCL and PPR vaccine...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Hilary Novatt, Terence C Theisen, Tammy Massie, Tristan Massie, Vahan Simonyan, Alin Voskanian-Kordi, Lynnsey A Renn, Ronald L Rabin
After viral infection, type I and III interferons (IFNs) are coexpressed by respiratory epithelial cells (RECs) and activate the ISGF3 transcription factor (TF) complex to induce expression of a cell-specific set of interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs). Type I and III IFNs share a canonical signaling pathway, suggesting that they are redundant. Animal and in vitro models, however, have shown that they are not redundant. Because TFs dictate cellular phenotype and function, we hypothesized that focusing on TF-ISG will reveal critical combinatorial and nonredundant functions of type I or III IFN...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Chao Yang, Fei Liu, Shun Chen, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Kunfeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xiaoyue Chen, Anchun Cheng
2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase-like (OASL) is a kind of antiviral protein induced by interferons (IFNs), which plays an important role in the IFNs-mediated antiviral signaling pathway. In this study, we cloned and identified OASL in the Chinese goose for the first time. Goose 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase-like (goOASL), including an ORF of 1527bp, encoding a protein of 508 amino acids. GoOASL protein contains 3 conserved motifs: nucleotidyltransferase (NTase) domain, 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS) domain, and 2 ubiquitin-like (UBL) repeats...
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Renato Mastrangeli, Luisa Iozzino, Ludovica Lanzoni, Gabriella Angiuoni, Cristian Ferrao, Anna Izzo, Sabrina Fiumi, Fabio Camerini, Michele Mascia, Wolf Palinsky, Horst Bierau
Human type I Interferons (IFN-β, IFN-ɛ, IFN-κ, IFN-ω, and 12 subtypes of IFN-α) are a family of pleiotropic cytokines with antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory activities. They signal through the same cell surface receptors, IFNAR1 and IFNAR2, yet evoking markedly differential potency. One differentiating factor of IFN-β from other type I interferons is the presence of a consensus sequence (NG) for deamidation. Comparing almost completely deamidated IFN-β-1a with untreated IFN-β-1a, this present study reports the increased activities in 3 in-vitro bioassays testing the antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory properties, respectively, of the molecule...
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Hong-Yang Du, Hai-Yan Fu, Dong-Ning Li, Yuan Qiao, Qiao-Wei Wang, Wei Liu
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a novel member of the IL-1 superfamily of cytokines that has recently become a focal point for research into the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the expression and regulation of IL-33 in human epidermal keratinocytes have not well been delineated. The aim of this study was to evaluate IL-33 and its receptor ST2L expression in skin lesions of AD patients and explored the signal transduction mechanisms leading to the IL-33 expression and of the IL-33's pharmacological action in keratinocytes from AD patients (ADKs) and those from healthy controls (NHEKs)...
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Bartek Zuber, Karin Rudström, Cecilia Ehrnfelt, Niklas Ahlborg
Our aim was to identify conformational epitopes, recognized by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) made against human (h) interferon (IFN)-γ. Based on the mAbs' (n = 12) ability to simultaneously bind hIFN-γ in ELISA, 2 epitope clusters with 5 mAbs in each were defined; 2 mAbs recognized unique epitopes. Utilizing the mAbs' lack of reactivity with bovine (b) IFN-γ, epitopes were identified using 7 h/bIFN-γ chimeras where the helical regions (A-F) or the C terminus were substituted with bIFN-γ residues...
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Iman Hamza, Yara Eid, Mohammad El-Sayed, Raghda Marzaban, Shaimaa Abdul-Kareem
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an Egyptian serious national health problem. The combination of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) with ribavirin (RIB) was considered the established therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and it was associated with several adverse effects, including thyroid dysfunction (TD). The aim of this work was to study TD in CHC patients receiving PEG-IFN+ RIB therapy. This retrospective study included 100 adult patients attending the outpatient clinics at AL-Kahera Al-Fatemya hospital and were eligible candidates for PEG-IFN+ RIB therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
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