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Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482741/sexual-assault-in-the-ivory-tower-public-opinion-on-university-accountability-and-mandatory-reporting
#1
Christina Mancini, Justin T Pickett, Corey Call, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Sarah Jane Brubaker, Henry H Brownstein
Highly publicized college sex crimes have recently captured public and policy attention. In response, greater discussion has turned to institutional accountability and controversial reforms such as mandatory reporting (MR). No study to date has measured public perceptions of campus sex assault procedures, however. This omission is notable because public opinion can directly and indirectly shape crime policy and because the topic has become increasingly politicized. Drawing on a 2015 poll of Virginia residents, this study evaluates views about campus sexual assault policy...
May 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471287/deconstructing-incidents-of-campus-sexual-assault-comparing-male-and-female-victimizations
#2
Kristen M Budd, Michael Rocque, David M Bierie
Research on campus sexual assault (CSA) has almost exclusively drawn on self-report data, examined undergraduates (i.e., students aged 18-24), and focused on female victimization. The few studies which included male CSA victims generally had fewer than 100 male subjects, which makes important statistical analyses difficult. To build upon prior literature and expand knowledge on male CSA victimization, we analyzed more than 5,000 incidents of CSA that were reported to police from across the United States using National Incident-Based Reporting System data (NIBRS; 1993-2014)...
May 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372519/sex-offenders-in-prison-are-they-socially-isolated
#3
Chantal van den Berg, Karin Beijersbergen, Paul Nieuwbeerta, Anja Dirkzwager
Empirical literature has revealed that social isolation can affect the rehabilitation of sex offenders after serving their sentence. This process of social isolation can already start during incarceration due to strained relationships with fellow prisoners and correctional staff. The current study examined to what extent sex offenders felt socially isolated during incarceration, using survey and registered conviction data on a large sample of male adult prisoners from the Prison Project. It was found that support from and relationships with correctional officers and fellow prisoners were perceived less positive by sex offenders than nonsex offenders...
April 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366051/-it-s-not-something-i-chose-you-know-making-sense-of-pedophiles-sexual-interest-in-children-and-the-impact-on-their-psychosexual-identity
#4
Nicholas James Blagden, Ruth Mann, Stephen Webster, Rachael Lee, Fiona Williams
Sexual interest in children is one of the most strongly predictive of the known risk factors for sexual reconviction. It is an important aspect of risk assessment to identify the presence of such interest, and an important task for treatment providers to address such a sexual interest where it is present. It has been argued that understanding pedophiles' deviant sexual interest in children can enhance risk assessment, management, and treatment planning. This research study aims to explore the phenomenology of deviant sexual interest in children, the impact it has on pedophilic offenders' identities, and their views on the treatability of that interest...
March 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504082/enhancing-the-reproducibility-of-research-findings
#5
Michael C Seto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25667227/a-systematic-review-of-behavioral-health-interventions-for-sex-offenders-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
Phillip L Marotta
This article reviews evaluation studies of programs designed to treat sex offenders with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) published in peer-reviewed journals between 1994 and 2014. The design of this study is mirrored after PRISMA (Preferred Reporting of Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) recommendations for conducting a systematic literature review. The study design, study setting, characteristics of participants, type of treatment, and intervention procedures comprise areas of focus for evaluating the implementation of treatment programs...
March 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896906/juvenile-sex-offending-through-a-developmental-life-course-criminology-perspective
#7
Patrick Lussier
Current American policies and responses to juvenile sex offending have been criticized for being based on myths, misconceptions, and unsubstantiated claims. In spite of the criticism, no organizing framework has been proposed to guide policy development with respect to the prevention of juvenile sex offending. This article proposes a developmental life course (DLC) criminology perspective to investigate the origins, development, and termination of sex offending among youth. It also provides a review of the current state of knowledge regarding various parameters characterizing the development of sex offending (e...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25862701/the-juvenile-sex-offender
#8
Chantal van Den Berg, Catrien Bijleveld, Jan Hendriks
In this article, we investigate whether the life events of marriage, parenthood, and employment were associated with general offending for a Dutch sample of 498 juvenile sex offenders (JSOs). In previous empirical studies, these life events were found to limit adult general offending in the population as well as high-risk samples. A hybrid random effects model is used to investigate within-individual changes of these life events in association with general offending. We also investigated whether the findings differed for child abusers, peer abusers, and group offenders, as they have distinct background profiles...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25792536/contextualizing-the-policy-and-pragmatics-of-reintegrating-sex-offenders
#9
Kathryn J Fox
As sanctions for those convicted of sex offenses have increased over recent years, the risk for reoffense presented by social isolation increases. Because most jurisdictions struggle with how best to manage and reintegrate sex offenders, this study analyzes bureaucratic and contextual issues with arranging community-based reintegration programs. Specifically, this qualitative, process-oriented study examines and compares Circles of Support & Accountability (CoSA) programs from the United States (specifically, Vermont) and New Zealand...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25698359/treatment-progress-and-behavior-following-2-years-of-inpatient-sex-offender-treatment
#10
Jill D Stinson, Judith V Becker, Lee Ann McVay
Emerging research highlights the role of self-regulation in the treatment of sexual offenders. Safe Offender Strategies (SOS) is a manualized sex offender treatment program that emphasizes the role of self-regulation and self-regulatory skills development in sex offender treatment, particularly for offenders with serious mental illness and intellectual/developmental disabilities. The current study involves 156 adult male sexual offenders in an inpatient psychiatric setting who received SOS treatment for a period ranging from 6 months to 1 year...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183224/volunteering-with-sex-offenders
#11
Nathan Kerr, Ruth J Tully, Birgit Völlm
The general public has been shown to hold negative attitudes toward sexual offenders, sex offender treatment, and the rehabilitation of sexual offenders. It appears pertinent to the success of sex offender management strategies that utilise volunteers that selected volunteers do not share these attitudes. Here, volunteers for Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), a community-based initiative supporting the reintegration of sex offenders, completed three validated psychometric measures assessing attitudes toward sex offenders in general and toward their treatment and rehabilitation...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183223/three-central-dimensions-of-sexual-recidivism-risk
#12
Sébastien Brouillette-Alarie, Jean Proulx, R Karl Hanson
The most commonly used risk assessment tools for predicting sexual violence focus almost exclusively on static, historical factors. Consequently, they are assumed to be unable to directly inform the selection of treatment targets, or evaluate change. However, researchers using latent variable models have identified three dimensions in static actuarial scales for sexual offenders: Sexual Criminality, General Criminality, and a third dimension centered on young age and aggression to strangers. In the current study, we examined the convergent and predictive validity of these dimensions, using psychological features of the offender (e...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100118/assessing-sexual-interest-in-children-using-the-go-no-go-association-test
#13
Ross M Bartels, Anthony R Beech, Leigh Harkins, David Thornton
The present study investigated whether a latency-based Go/No-Go Association Task (GNAT) could be used as an indirect measure of sexual interest in children. A sample of 29 individuals with a history of exclusive extrafamilial offenses against a child and 15 individuals with either a history of exclusive intrafamilial or mixed offenses (i.e., against both adults and children) were recruited from a treatment center in the United States. Also, a sample of 26 nonoffenders was recruited from a university in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941002/reducing-stigma-and-punitive-attitudes-toward-pedophiles-through-narrative-humanization
#14
Craig A Harper, Ross M Bartels, Todd E Hogue
Stigmatization and societal punitiveness about pedophilia have a range of potential consequences, such as the social isolation of people with sexual interest in children, and the formation of policies that are not consistent with empirical research findings. Previous research has shown that people with pedophilic sexual interests use societal thinking to self-stigmatize, which in turn may actually serve to increase their risk of committing a sexual offense. In this study, we compared two attitudinal interventions (first-person narrative vs...
December 9, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941001/implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-sexual-aggression-predict-subsequent-sexually-aggressive-behavior-in-a-sample-of-community-men
#15
Chantal A Hermann, Kevin L Nunes
The current longitudinal study explored the extent to which implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression predict subsequent sexually aggressive behavior. Participants (248 community men recruited online) completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations and self-reported sexually aggressive behavior at two time points, approximately 4 months apart. Implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression at Wave 1 had small significant and independent predictive relationships with sexually aggressive behavior at Wave 2, while controlling for sexually aggressive behavior at Wave 1...
December 9, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920263/examining-implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-sexual-aggression-and-sexually-aggressive-behavior-in-men-recruited-online
#16
Chantal A Hermann, Kevin L Nunes, Sacha Maimone
The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship between implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression and indicators of sexually aggressive behavior in samples of students and community men recruited online. Participants were male undergraduate students recruited online from a Canadian University (N = 150) and men recruited from the community via an online panel (N = 378). Participants completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression, cognitive distortions regarding rape, self-reported past sexually aggressive behavior, and self-reported proclivity to commit sexually aggressive behavior...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027710/prison-experience-and-reoffending
#17
Ming-Li Hsieh, Zachary Hamilton, Kristen M Zgoba
Given that sex offenders have been found to serve longer prison terms compared with other types of violent criminals, it has been suggested that the influence of imprisonment may impact subsequent reoffending. However, institutional factors are often overlooked in risk assessment studies and very few risk assessment instruments include institutional items within their models. The current study explores prison experience explanations for recidivism among convicted sex offenders and indicates that, with respect to time served, both institutional treatment and institutional infractions demonstrate a significant impact...
December 1, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896904/offense-trajectories-the-unfolding-of-sexual-and-non-sexual-criminal-activity-and-sex-offense-characteristics-of-adolescent-sex-offenders
#18
Jesse Cale, Stephen Smallbone, Sue Rayment-McHugh, Chris Dowling
The current study examines offending trajectories of adolescent sexual offenders (ASOs). Until recently, classification frameworks have not been designed to account for the heterogeneity of offending patterns in adolescence, how these are associated with the unfolding of sexual and non-sexual criminal activity, and whether and to what extent they are related to the characteristics of sex offenses in adolescence. The current study takes a longitudinal view of offending in adolescence by examining retrospective longitudinal data of 217 ASOs referred for treatment to a clinical service between 2001 and 2009 in Australia...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25733541/collateral-consequences-of-juvenile-sex-offender-registration-and-notification-results-from-a-survey-of-treatment-providers
#19
Andrew J Harris, Scott M Walfield, Ryan T Shields, Elizabeth J Letourneau
Among many in the research, policy, and practice communities, the application of sex offender registration and notification (SORN) to juveniles who sexually offend (JSO) has raised ongoing concerns regarding the potential collateral impacts on youths' social, mental health, and academic adjustment. To date, however, no published research has systematically examined these types of collateral consequences of juvenile SORN. Based on a survey of a national sample of treatment providers in the United States, this study investigates the perceived impact of registration and notification on JSO across five key domains: mental health, harassment and unfair treatment, school problems, living instability, and risk of reoffending...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25698358/cognitional-impairment-is-there-a-role-for-cognitive-assessment-in-the-treatment-of-individuals-civilly-committed-pursuant-to-the-sexually-violent-predator-act
#20
Allen Azizian, Shane Hutton, Doriann Hughes, Shoba Sreenivasan
Sexually Violent Predator statutes allow the involuntary treatment of individuals who are found to pose a threat to public safety. Most sex offender treatment programs rely on cognitive interventions to reduce the risk of recidivism. The purpose of this study was to examine (a) whether individuals with paraphilia diagnoses have cognitive deficits compared with the general population; (b) whether individuals diagnosed with pedophilia differed on cognitive performance when compared with individuals diagnosed with paraphilia not otherwise specified (NOS), nonconsent; and (c) whether individuals with paraphilia plus antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) differed in cognitive performance when compared with individuals with a paraphilia diagnosis only...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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