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Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100118/assessing-sexual-interest-in-children-using-the-go-no-go-association-test
#1
Ross M Bartels, Anthony R Beech, Leigh Harkins, David Thornton
The present study investigated whether a latency-based Go/No-Go Association Task (GNAT) could be used as an indirect measure of sexual interest in children. A sample of 29 individuals with a history of exclusive extrafamilial offenses against a child and 15 individuals with either a history of exclusive intrafamilial or mixed offenses (i.e., against both adults and children) were recruited from a treatment center in the United States. Also, a sample of 26 nonoffenders was recruited from a university in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941002/reducing-stigma-and-punitive-attitudes-toward-pedophiles-through-narrative-humanization
#2
Craig A Harper, Ross M Bartels, Todd E Hogue
Stigmatization and societal punitiveness about pedophilia have a range of potential consequences, such as the social isolation of people with sexual interest in children, and the formation of policies that are not consistent with empirical research findings. Previous research has shown that people with pedophilic sexual interests use societal thinking to self-stigmatize, which in turn may actually serve to increase their risk of committing a sexual offense. In this study, we compared two attitudinal interventions (first-person narrative vs...
December 9, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941001/implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-sexual-aggression-predict-subsequent-sexually-aggressive-behavior-in-a-sample-of-community-men
#3
Chantal A Hermann, Kevin L Nunes
The current longitudinal study explored the extent to which implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression predict subsequent sexually aggressive behavior. Participants (248 community men recruited online) completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations and self-reported sexually aggressive behavior at two time points, approximately 4 months apart. Implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression at Wave 1 had small significant and independent predictive relationships with sexually aggressive behavior at Wave 2, while controlling for sexually aggressive behavior at Wave 1...
December 9, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920263/examining-implicit-and-explicit-evaluations-of-sexual-aggression-and-sexually-aggressive-behavior-in-men-recruited-online
#4
Chantal A Hermann, Kevin L Nunes, Sacha Maimone
The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship between implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression and indicators of sexually aggressive behavior in samples of students and community men recruited online. Participants were male undergraduate students recruited online from a Canadian University (N = 150) and men recruited from the community via an online panel (N = 378). Participants completed measures of implicit and explicit evaluations of sexual aggression, cognitive distortions regarding rape, self-reported past sexually aggressive behavior, and self-reported proclivity to commit sexually aggressive behavior...
December 5, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027710/prison-experience-and-reoffending
#5
Ming-Li Hsieh, Zachary Hamilton, Kristen M Zgoba
Given that sex offenders have been found to serve longer prison terms compared with other types of violent criminals, it has been suggested that the influence of imprisonment may impact subsequent reoffending. However, institutional factors are often overlooked in risk assessment studies and very few risk assessment instruments include institutional items within their models. The current study explores prison experience explanations for recidivism among convicted sex offenders and indicates that, with respect to time served, both institutional treatment and institutional infractions demonstrate a significant impact...
December 1, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864570/comparing-help-seeking-behavior-of-male-and-female-survivors-of-sexual-assault-a-content-analysis-of-a-hotline
#6
Stephen M Young, Jana A Pruett, Marianna L Colvin
This content analysis examines written documentation of telephone calls to a regional sexual assault hotline over a 5-year period. All male callers identified as primary victims were selected for analysis (n = 58) and a corresponding sample of female primary victims (n = 58) were randomly selected for comparison to better understand the help-seeking behavior of sexual assault survivors and inform services accordingly. A summative content analysis revealed significant contrasting themes between male and female victims, including females significantly receiving more referrals and males accessing the hotline to tell their experience of being sexually assaulted due to perceived limited support...
November 18, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896906/juvenile-sex-offending-through-a-developmental-life-course-criminology-perspective
#7
Patrick Lussier
Current American policies and responses to juvenile sex offending have been criticized for being based on myths, misconceptions, and unsubstantiated claims. In spite of the criticism, no organizing framework has been proposed to guide policy development with respect to the prevention of juvenile sex offending. This article proposes a developmental life course (DLC) criminology perspective to investigate the origins, development, and termination of sex offending among youth. It also provides a review of the current state of knowledge regarding various parameters characterizing the development of sex offending (e...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25862701/the-juvenile-sex-offender
#8
Chantal van Den Berg, Catrien Bijleveld, Jan Hendriks
In this article, we investigate whether the life events of marriage, parenthood, and employment were associated with general offending for a Dutch sample of 498 juvenile sex offenders (JSOs). In previous empirical studies, these life events were found to limit adult general offending in the population as well as high-risk samples. A hybrid random effects model is used to investigate within-individual changes of these life events in association with general offending. We also investigated whether the findings differed for child abusers, peer abusers, and group offenders, as they have distinct background profiles...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25792536/contextualizing-the-policy-and-pragmatics-of-reintegrating-sex-offenders
#9
Kathryn J Fox
As sanctions for those convicted of sex offenses have increased over recent years, the risk for reoffense presented by social isolation increases. Because most jurisdictions struggle with how best to manage and reintegrate sex offenders, this study analyzes bureaucratic and contextual issues with arranging community-based reintegration programs. Specifically, this qualitative, process-oriented study examines and compares Circles of Support & Accountability (CoSA) programs from the United States (specifically, Vermont) and New Zealand...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25698359/treatment-progress-and-behavior-following-2-years-of-inpatient-sex-offender-treatment
#10
Jill D Stinson, Judith V Becker, Lee Ann McVay
Emerging research highlights the role of self-regulation in the treatment of sexual offenders. Safe Offender Strategies (SOS) is a manualized sex offender treatment program that emphasizes the role of self-regulation and self-regulatory skills development in sex offender treatment, particularly for offenders with serious mental illness and intellectual/developmental disabilities. The current study involves 156 adult male sexual offenders in an inpatient psychiatric setting who received SOS treatment for a period ranging from 6 months to 1 year...
February 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896904/offense-trajectories-the-unfolding-of-sexual-and-non-sexual-criminal-activity-and-sex-offense-characteristics-of-adolescent-sex-offenders
#11
Jesse Cale, Stephen Smallbone, Sue Rayment-McHugh, Chris Dowling
The current study examines offending trajectories of adolescent sexual offenders (ASOs). Until recently, classification frameworks have not been designed to account for the heterogeneity of offending patterns in adolescence, how these are associated with the unfolding of sexual and non-sexual criminal activity, and whether and to what extent they are related to the characteristics of sex offenses in adolescence. The current study takes a longitudinal view of offending in adolescence by examining retrospective longitudinal data of 217 ASOs referred for treatment to a clinical service between 2001 and 2009 in Australia...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25733541/collateral-consequences-of-juvenile-sex-offender-registration-and-notification-results-from-a-survey-of-treatment-providers
#12
Andrew J Harris, Scott M Walfield, Ryan T Shields, Elizabeth J Letourneau
Among many in the research, policy, and practice communities, the application of sex offender registration and notification (SORN) to juveniles who sexually offend (JSO) has raised ongoing concerns regarding the potential collateral impacts on youths' social, mental health, and academic adjustment. To date, however, no published research has systematically examined these types of collateral consequences of juvenile SORN. Based on a survey of a national sample of treatment providers in the United States, this study investigates the perceived impact of registration and notification on JSO across five key domains: mental health, harassment and unfair treatment, school problems, living instability, and risk of reoffending...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25698358/cognitional-impairment-is-there-a-role-for-cognitive-assessment-in-the-treatment-of-individuals-civilly-committed-pursuant-to-the-sexually-violent-predator-act
#13
Allen Azizian, Shane Hutton, Doriann Hughes, Shoba Sreenivasan
Sexually Violent Predator statutes allow the involuntary treatment of individuals who are found to pose a threat to public safety. Most sex offender treatment programs rely on cognitive interventions to reduce the risk of recidivism. The purpose of this study was to examine (a) whether individuals with paraphilia diagnoses have cognitive deficits compared with the general population; (b) whether individuals diagnosed with pedophilia differed on cognitive performance when compared with individuals diagnosed with paraphilia not otherwise specified (NOS), nonconsent; and (c) whether individuals with paraphilia plus antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) differed in cognitive performance when compared with individuals with a paraphilia diagnosis only...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656521/the-neuropsychology-of-adolescent-sexual-offending-testing-an-executive-dysfunction-hypothesis
#14
Hugo B Morais, Christian C Joyal, Apryl A Alexander, Rebecca L Fix, Barry R Burkhart
Although executive dysfunctions are commonly hypothesized to contribute to sexual deviance or aggression, evidence of this relationship is scarce and its specificity is unproven, especially among adolescents. The objective of this study was to compare the executive functioning (EF) of adolescents with sexual offense convictions (ASOC) to that of non-sex-delinquents (NSD). A secondary goal was to assess the relationship among specific sexual offense characteristics (i.e., victim age), history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and EF...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656520/the-adam-walsh-act-an-examination-of-sex-offender-risk-classification-systems
#15
Kristen M Zgoba, Michael Miner, Jill Levenson, Raymond Knight, Elizabeth Letourneau, David Thornton
This study was designed to compare the Adam Walsh Act (AWA) classification tiers with actuarial risk assessment instruments and existing state classification schemes in their respective abilities to identify sex offenders at high risk to re-offend. Data from 1,789 adult sex offenders released from prison in four states were collected (Minnesota, New Jersey, Florida, and South Carolina). On average, the sexual recidivism rate was approximately 5% at 5 years and 10% at 10 years. AWA Tier 2 offenders had higher Static-99R scores and higher recidivism rates than Tier 3 offenders, and in Florida, these inverse correlations were statistically significant...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25428928/executive-dysfunction-predicts-delinquency-but-not-characteristics-of-sexual-aggression-among-adolescent-sexual-offenders
#16
David Burton, Sophia Demuynck, Jamie R Yoder
Our aim in this study was to evaluate executive function and its relationship to delinquency and sexual crime in adolescents incarcerated for sexual crimes. Based on self-report data, 196 male adolescent sexual offenders from a Midwest state reported high rates of executive dysfunction. Although such deficits did not relate to the number of victims of sexual abuse, severity, or degree of force used in commission of the sexual crimes, poor executive function was significantly predictive of both general delinquency and felony theft...
December 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754939/the-utility-of-post-conviction-polygraph-testing-among-sexual-offenders
#17
Elizabeth Elliott, Birgit Vollm
It is often difficult to ascertain the true extent and nature of sexually deviant behavior, as much relies on self-report or historic information. The polygraph has been proposed as a useful tool in the treatment and supervision of sex offenders. The current review aims to provide a coherent, objective, and recent synthesis of evaluation studies exploring the utility of the post-conviction polygraph (PCSOT) in the treatment and management of sexual offenders. This was assessed based on offense recidivism rates and disclosure; self-reported utility was also considered...
October 17, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758932/relationship-between-sexual-abuse-in-childhood-and-the-occurrence-of-mental-illness-in-adulthood-a-matched-case-control-study-in-nigeria
#18
C U Okeafor, I N Okeafor, C I Tobin-West
This study aimed to examine the relationship between exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the occurrence of mental illness in adulthood in Nigeria. An age- and gender-matched case-control study was conducted in the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, from January to March 2014. Cases were defined as individuals aged 18 to 60 years diagnosed with mental illness while controls were aged 18 to 60 years who did not have mental illness. The study had 304 subjects comprised of 152 case-control pairs...
October 5, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698090/an-emerging-risk-factor-of-sexual-abuse-the-use-of-smartphone-dating-applications
#19
Edmond Pui Hang Choi, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Daniel Yee Tak Fong
Smartphone dating applications (apps) have become popular in recent years. However, the association between the use of dating apps and sexual abuse remains uninvestigated. The aim of this study was to examine the association between using dating apps and the sexual abuse of males and females. Six hundred sixty-six participants were recruited in four universities in Hong Kong in 2015. Overall, the 1-year prevalence of sexual abuse was 12.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: [9.8, 14.9]) and the lifetime prevalence was 14...
October 2, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25648516/acquaintance-rape-applying-crime-scene-analysis-to-the-prediction-of-sexual-recidivism
#20
Robert J B Lehmann, Alasdair M Goodwill, R Karl Hanson, Klaus-Peter Dahle
The aim of the current study was to enhance the assessment and predictive accuracy of risk assessments for sexual offenders by utilizing detailed crime scene analysis (CSA). CSA was conducted on a sample of 247 male acquaintance rapists from Berlin (Germany) using a nonmetric, multidimensional scaling (MDS) Behavioral Thematic Analysis (BTA) approach. The age of the offenders at the time of the index offense ranged from 14 to 64 years (M = 32.3; SD = 11.4). The BTA procedure revealed three behavioral themes of hostility, criminality, and pseudo-intimacy, consistent with previous CSA research on stranger rape...
October 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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