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Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715948/the-motivation-facilitation-model-of-sexual-offending
#1
Michael C Seto
In this article, I describe the motivation-facilitation model of sexual offending, which identifies the traits of paraphilia, high sex drive, and intense mating effort as primary motivations for sexual offenses, as well as trait (e.g., antisocial personality) and state (e.g., intoxication) factors that can facilitate acting on these motivations when opportunities exist. Originally developed to explain contact sexual offending against children, the motivation-facilitation model was subsequently extended as an explanation for child pornography offending and for online solicitations of young adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715937/offense-processes-of-online-sexual-grooming-and-abuse-of-children-via-internet-communication-platforms
#2
Juliane A Kloess, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis, Anthony R Beech
The aim of the present study was to provide an inclusive and realistic account of the offense processes of naturally occurring, sexually exploitative interactions between offenders and victims that took place via Internet communication platforms, and develop an offense process diagram of online sexual grooming and abuse. Five case series, comprising 29 transcripts of 22 interactions, were analyzed using the qualitative approach of thematic analysis. Police reports were reviewed for descriptive and case-specific information...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671025/a-typology-of-sex-offending-against-minors-an-empirical-study-of-rape-and-molestation-cases-in-china
#3
Bin Liang, Ming Hu
Efforts to classify sexual offending and offenders continued to evolve over the years based on criteria such as offender and victim characteristics, offender-victim relationships, the nature of sexual offenses, and other situational factors. This current study draws up a typology of sexual offending against minors based on 436 adjudicated rape and child molestation cases in China. Specifically, sexual offending against minors is classified into six major categories, including opportunistic offenses, serial offenses, dating couple offenses, educator abuses, gang/party offenses, and incest offenses...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643546/sexual-abuse-within-employment-settings-a-comparison-of-work-related-intra-and-extra-familial-child-molesters
#4
Diana M Falkenbach, Antonia Foehse, Elizabeth Jeglic, Cynthia Calkins, Linsey Raymaekers
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious problem not only in the community but also in institutional settings such as youth-serving organizations, churches, and schools. Although research has started to examine the problem of abuse in institutional settings, there remains a dearth of information about the nature and context of CSA in different employment settings, including those that do not specifically cater to children. In addition, research on the similarities and differences between perpetrators who work with children and other sex offenders is scarce...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639845/between-the-pew-and-the-pulpit-can-personality-measures-help-identify-sexually-abusive-clergy
#5
Aria Amrom, Cynthia Calkins, Jamison Fargo
There has been limited conclusive research examining the personality characteristics of clergy who perpetrate abuse. To address this dearth of research, the current study aimed to develop a personality profile that distinguishes clergy members who sexually abuse children from other clergy. Personality and psychopathology were assessed using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III). Data were analyzed from a sample of clergy members, who comprised four comparison groups: clergy members referred to treatment for (a) child sexual abuse, (b) sexual misconduct with adults, (c) general clinical problems, or (d) routine employment evaluations with no previously identified clinical or sexual issues...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635558/identifying-criminogenic-needs-using-the-personality-assessment-inventory-with-males-who-have-sexually-offended
#6
Sandy Jung, Carissa Toop, Liam Ennis
The present study investigated the relationships between the scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and variables relevant to recidivism risk and criminogenic need to inform clinicians' use of the PAI for purposes of treatment planning and risk management. PAI profiles, risk measure and domain scores, and recidivism data were collected for 158 males who have been convicted of sexually offending. Data were analyzed to investigate whether select clinical scales of the PAI correlated with conceptually relevant domains of risk and/or recidivism...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627296/sexual-violation-of-patients-by-physicians-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-analysis-of-101-cases
#7
James M DuBois, Heidi A Walsh, John T Chibnall, Emily E Anderson, Michelle R Eggers, Mobolaji Fowose, Hannah Ziobrowski
A mixed-method, exploratory design was used to examine 101 cases of sexual violations in medicine. The study involved content analysis of cases to characterize the physicians, patient-victims, the practice setting, kinds of sexual violations, and consequences to the perpetrator. In each case, a criminal law framework was used to examine how motives, means, and opportunity combined to generate sexual misconduct. Finally, cross-case analysis was performed to identify clusters of causal factors that explain specific kinds of sexual misconduct...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597720/the-predictive-validity-of-the-static-99-static-99r-and-static-2002-r-which-one-to-use
#8
Sophie G Reeves, James R P Ogloff, Melanie Simmons
The use of Static tools (Static-99, Static-99R, Static-2002, and Static-2002R) in risk decision making involving sexual offenders is widespread internationally. This study compared the predictive accuracy and incremental validity of four Static risk measures in a sample of 621 Australian sexual offenders. Results indicated that approximately 45% of the sample recidivated (with 18.8% committing sexual offenses). All of the Static measures investigated yielded moderate predictive validity for sexual recidivism, which was comparable with other Australian and overseas studies...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583030/sexual-murderers-sex-offender-murderer-or-both
#9
Eric Beauregard, Matt DeLisi, Ashley Hewitt
Sexual murderers perpetrate homicide and rape/sexual abuse, but it is unclear whether they should primarily be considered homicide offenders, sexual offenders, or both. Most studies have merged together different types of non-homicidal sex offenders (NHSOs), neglecting to consider the potential differences between the nonviolent and violent sex offenders. Here, we suggest it is important to isolate those violent sex offenders who inflict severe physical injuries that could potentially lead to a lethal outcome...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573921/sex-offender-mobility-an-application-of-crime-pattern-theory-among-child-sex-offenders
#10
Melanie C Mogavero, Ko-Hsin Hsu
Sex offenders are a heterogeneous group and exhibit various offense patterns. Often the location where the offender committed the offense is different from where the offender encountered their victim. Applying crime pattern theory, this study sought to understand if the type of location, victim, and situational characteristics could predict whether an offender would commit the sexual offense in a different and more secluded location than where he first encountered the victim. Among a sample of 114 incarcerated sex offenders, the results showed that offenders who contacted their victims in locations where children are known to congregate were more than 4 times more likely to travel to a more secluded location to complete the sexual offense...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573915/are-latinos-who-commit-sexual-offenses-different-a-closer-examination-of-characteristics-and-offense-patterns
#11
Silvia Fraga Dominguez, Elizabeth L Jeglic, Cynthia Calkins, Alejandro Leguizamo
Research examining ethnic and cultural differences among individuals who commit sex offenses remains limited. Specifically, literature focusing on sex offenses committed by Latinos is scarce. Using archival data from a large sample of individuals who committed sex offenses, this study explored differences between Latino, White, and African American individuals related to their characteristics, the offenses, and the victims. Latinos in the sample were more likely to have a lower educational level, and to be living with the victim, than either their White or African American counterparts...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482741/sexual-assault-in-the-ivory-tower-public-opinion-on-university-accountability-and-mandatory-reporting
#12
Christina Mancini, Justin T Pickett, Corey Call, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Sarah Jane Brubaker, Henry H Brownstein
Highly publicized college sex crimes have recently captured public and policy attention. In response, greater discussion has turned to institutional accountability and controversial reforms such as mandatory reporting (MR). No study to date has measured public perceptions of campus sex assault procedures, however. This omission is notable because public opinion can directly and indirectly shape crime policy and because the topic has become increasingly politicized. Drawing on a 2015 poll of Virginia residents, this study evaluates views about campus sexual assault policy...
May 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471287/deconstructing-incidents-of-campus-sexual-assault-comparing-male-and-female-victimizations
#13
Kristen M Budd, Michael Rocque, David M Bierie
Research on campus sexual assault (CSA) has almost exclusively drawn on self-report data, examined undergraduates (i.e., students aged 18-24), and focused on female victimization. The few studies which included male CSA victims generally had fewer than 100 male subjects, which makes important statistical analyses difficult. To build upon prior literature and expand knowledge on male CSA victimization, we analyzed more than 5,000 incidents of CSA that were reported to police from across the United States using National Incident-Based Reporting System data (NIBRS; 1993-2014)...
May 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708002/changing-the-journal-name
#14
Michael Seto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26468266/toward-identification-of-the-sexual-killer-a-comparison-of-sexual-killers-engaging-in-post-mortem-sexual-interference-and-non-homicide-sexual-aggressors
#15
Tamsin Higgs, Adam J Carter, Ewa B Stefanska, Emily Glorney
Establishing a model of sexual assault reflecting psychosocial and behavioral characteristics of perpetrators of sexual killing and rape is necessary for development in risk assessment and intervention. Methodological variations in defining sexual killing have amalgamated serial and non-serial offenders and perpetrators with direct and indirect associations between killing and sexual arousal. This study defined sexual killing specifying that killing should be directly linked to sexual arousal, and sampled 48 sexual killers, operationalized to include only those engaging in post-mortem sexual interference, with one or two known female victims (non-serial), from prison service national (England and Wales) databases...
August 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26459491/leg-length-versus-torso-length-in-pedophilia-further-evidence-of-atypical-physical-development-early-in-life
#16
Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Amy D Lykins, James M Cantor
Adult men's height results from an interaction among positive and negative influences, including genetic predisposition, conditions in utero, and influences during early development such as nutritional quality, pathogen exposure, and socioeconomic status. Decreased height, reflected specifically as a decreased leg length, is strongly associated with increased risk of poorer health outcomes. Although prior research has repeatedly shown that pedophiles are shorter than nonpedophiles, the largest study to date relied on self-reported height...
August 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26369806/circles-of-support-and-accountability-for-sex-offenders-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#17
Martin Clarke, Susan Brown, Birgit Völlm
We conducted a systematic review of studies reporting on the effectiveness of Circles of Support and Accountability (Circles). Circles use volunteers to provide support for sex offenders living in the community. We searched 10 databases up to the end of 2013 and identified 3 relevant outcome studies. An additional 12 papers or reports were identified by searching reference lists, Google, and contacting key authors and Circles providers to obtain unpublished data. These 15 studies comprised one randomized controlled trial, three retrospective cohorts with matched controls, and 11 case series...
August 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346545/looking-beyond-the-screen-a-critical-review-of-the-literature-on-the-online-child-pornography-offender
#18
Marie Henshaw, James R P Ogloff, Jonathan A Clough
This article reviews the current literature pertaining to those who engage in child pornography offending. The basic characteristics of online child pornography offenders (CPOs) and related typologies are briefly presented prior to reviewing the comparative literature pertaining to CPOs and child contact sexual offenders. In general, CPOs have been found to be relatively high functioning and generally pro-social individuals with less extensive and diverse offending histories than contact offenders. CPOs also display high levels of sexual pre-occupation, deviant sexual interests, and deficits in interpersonal and affective domains that surpass those of contact offenders...
August 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504082/enhancing-the-reproducibility-of-research-findings
#19
Michael C Seto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372519/sex-offenders-in-prison-are-they-socially-isolated
#20
Chantal van den Berg, Karin Beijersbergen, Paul Nieuwbeerta, Anja Dirkzwager
Empirical literature has revealed that social isolation can affect the rehabilitation of sex offenders after serving their sentence. This process of social isolation can already start during incarceration due to strained relationships with fellow prisoners and correctional staff. The current study examined to what extent sex offenders felt socially isolated during incarceration, using survey and registered conviction data on a large sample of male adult prisoners from the Prison Project. It was found that support from and relationships with correctional officers and fellow prisoners were perceived less positive by sex offenders than nonsex offenders...
April 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
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