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Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare

Nabil Natafgi, Dan M Shane, Fred Ullrich, A Clinton MacKinney, Amanda Bell, Marcia M Ward
Introduction Tele-emergency can address several challenges facing emergency departments in rural areas. The purpose of this paper is to (a) examine the rates of avoided transfers in rural emergency departments that adopted tele-emergency applications; and (b) estimate the costs and benefits of using tele-emergency to avoid transfers. Methods Analysis is based on 9048 tele-emergency encounters generated by the Avera eEmergency programme (Sioux Falls, South Dakota) in 85 rural hospitals across seven states between October 2009-February 2014...
April 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Tess Worboys, Melinda Brassington, Elizabeth C Ward, Petrea L Cornwell
Introduction Telehealth offers a solution to assist delivery of occupational therapy (OT) services for hand therapy in rural and remote locations. However, there is currently no evidence to validate this service model. The aim of this study was to examine the validity of clinical decisions made during hand therapy sessions conducted via telehealth compared to a traditional clinical model (TCM) assessment, and explore patient and clinician satisfaction. Methods Eighteen patients referred for hand therapy to a rural/remote hospital-based outpatient service were assessed simultaneously via telehealth and a TCM assessment...
April 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Shana M Machado, Erika H Wilson, John O Elliott, Kim Jordan
Introduction Intensivist involvement for patients with sepsis is associated with decreased complications and mortality, and lower hospital resource utilization, but few studies have evaluated outcomes for patients exposed to electronic intensive care unit (eICU) telemedicine sepsis management in the emergency department (ED). In this study, we assess whether eICU cart exposure in the ED improved compliance with components of the 2010 Surviving Sepsis Campaign bundles, length of stay (LOS), disposition and hospital costs...
April 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Lauren Stevenson, Sherry Ball, Leah M Haverhals, David C Aron, Julie Lowery
Background The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research was used to evaluate implementation facilitators and barriers of Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) within the Veterans Health Administration. SCAN-ECHO is a video teleconferencing-based programme where specialist teams train and mentor remotely-located primary care providers in providing routine speciality care for common chronic illnesses. The goal of SCAN-ECHO was to improve access to speciality care for Veterans...
April 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Amy F Bruce, Jennifer A Mallow, Laurie A Theeke
Background The use of teledermoscopy in the diagnostic management of pre-cancerous and cancerous skin lesions involves digital dermoscopic images transmitted over telecommunication networks via email or web applications. Teledermoscopy may improve the accuracy in clinical diagnoses of melanoma skin cancer if integrated into electronic medical records and made available to rural communities, potentially leading to decreased morbidity and mortality. Objective and method The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of evidence on the use of teledermoscopy to improve the accuracy of skin lesion identification in adult populations...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Anna E Coughtrey, Nancy Pistrang
Objectives The telephone is increasingly used to deliver psychological therapies for common mental health problems. This review addressed the following question: are evidence-based psychological therapies for adults with depression and/or anxiety effective in reducing psychological symptoms when delivered over the telephone? Method A systematic search for articles published over a 25-year period (January 1991-May 2016) was performed using the databases PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science. Citation searches, manual searches of bibliographies of relevant papers, and hand searches of key journals were also conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Kristian Kidholm, Lise K Jensen, Tue Kjølhede, Emilie Nielsen, Mette B Horup
Introduction In 2009, the Model for Assessment of Telemedicine (MAST) was developed within the MethoTelemed project as a framework for description of the effectiveness of telemedicine applications. The goal was for the assessments to be used as basis for decision-making in healthcare systems. Since then, MAST has been used in many European telemedicine studies and is now the most widely used model for assessment of telemedicine. The aim of this study was to assess the face validity of MAST. Methods A modified Delphi process was carried out and included a workshop with a sample of healthcare decision makers...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Kabelo Leonard Mauco, Richard E Scott, Maurice Mars
Introduction e-Health is an innovative way to make health services more effective and efficient and application is increasing worldwide. e-Health represents a substantial ICT investment and its failure usually results in substantial losses in time, money (including opportunity costs) and effort. Therefore it is important to assess e-health readiness prior to implementation. Several frameworks have been published on e-health readiness assessment, under various circumstances and geographical regions of the world...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Mark Bounthavong, Larry D Pruitt, Derek J Smolenski, Gregory A Gahm, Aasthaa Bansal, Ryan N Hansen
Introduction Home-based telebehavioural healthcare improves access to mental health care for patients restricted by travel burden. However, there is limited evidence assessing the economic value of home-based telebehavioural health care compared to in-person care. We sought to compare the economic impact of home-based telebehavioural health care and in-person care for depression among current and former US service members. Methods We performed trial-based cost-minimisation and cost-utility analyses to assess the economic impact of home-based telebehavioural health care versus in-person behavioural care for depression...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Robert N Jamison, Anna Mei, Edgar L Ross
Introduction This study was designed to determine the feasibility, tolerability, safety and efficacy of a smartphone pain application (app) among chronic pain patients over a six-month trial. The app was designed for both Android and iPhone devices and enabled users with chronic pain to assess, monitor, and communicate their status to their providers. Methods We recruited 90 chronic pain patients to use the pain app. All subjects completed baseline measures and were asked to record their progress every day...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Eduardo Lv Lopes, Andrea Z Beaton, Bruno R Nascimento, Alison Tompsett, Julia Pa Dos Santos, Lindsay Perlman, Adriana C Diamantino, Kaciane Kb Oliveira, Cassio M Oliveira, Maria do Carmo P Nunes, Leonardo Bonisson, Antônio Lp Ribeiro, Craig Sable
Background The global burden of rheumatic heart disease is nearly 33 million people. Telemedicine, using cloud-server technology, provides an ideal solution for sharing images performed by non-physicians with cardiologists who are experts in rheumatic heart disease. Objective We describe our experience in using telemedicine to support a large rheumatic heart disease outreach screening programme in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. Methods The Programa de Rastreamento da Valvopatia Reumática (PROVAR) is a prospective cross-sectional study aimed at gathering epidemiological data on the burden of rheumatic heart disease in Minas Gerais and testing of a non-expert, telemedicine-supported model of outreach rheumatic heart disease screening...
February 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Melanie T Gentry, Maria I Lapid, Matthew M Clark, Teresa A Rummans
Background Interest in the use of telehealth interventions to increase access to healthcare services is growing. Group-based interventions have the potential to increase patient access to highly needed services. The aim of this study was to systematically review the available literature on group-based video teleconference services. Methods The English-language literature was searched using Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL for terms related to telehealth, group therapy and support groups. Abstracts were reviewed for relevance based on inclusion criteria...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Eun Ji Kim, Jay D Orlander, Melissa Afable, Sumeet Pawar, Sarah L Cutrona, Steven R Simon, Judith Strymish, Varsha G Vimalananda
Introduction E-consultations (e-consults) were implemented at VA medical centers to improve access to specialty care. Cardiology e-consults are among the most commonly requested, but little is known about how primary care providers (PCPs) use cardiology e-consults to access specialty care. Methods This is a retrospective analysis of 750 patients' medical charts with cardiology e-consults requested by medical providers (October 2013-September 2015) in the VA New England Healthcare System. We described the patients and referring provider characteristics, and e-consult questions...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Siobhan K Yilmaz, Brady P Horn, Chris Fore, Caroline A Bonham
Introduction In this paper the economic costs associated with a growing, multi-state telepsychiatry intervention serving rural American Indian/Alaska Native populations were compared to costs of travelling to provide/receive in-person treatment. Methods Telepsychiatry costs were calculated using administrative, information-technology, equipment and technology components, and were compared to travel cost models. Both a patient travel and a psychiatrist travel model were estimated utilising ArcGIS software and unit costs gathered from literature and government sources...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Jillian Harvey, Sami Al Kasab, Eyad Almalouhi, Waldo R Guerrero, Ellen Debenham, Nancy Turner, Patricia Aysse, Christine A Holmstedt
Introduction Faster intravenous alteplase (tPA) administration from time of symptom onset is associated with better functional outcome. Lack of recognition of mild ischemic stroke (MIS) might result in delay in treatment with tPA. We hypothesise that patients with MIS have a longer door to needle (DTN) time when compared to patients with severe stroke symptoms. Methods Data on all patients who received tPA at spoke hospitals through the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) telestroke network were analysed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Ines Frederix, Lien Vanderlinden, Anne-Sophie Verboven, Maria Welten, Donna Wouters, Gilles De Keulenaer, Bavo Ector, Ivan Elegeert, Pierre Troisfontaines, Caroline Weytjens, Wilfried Mullens, Paul Dendale
Aims The TElemonitoring in the MAnagement of Heart Failure (TEMA-HF) 1 long-term follow-up study assessed whether an initial six-month telemonitoring (TM) programme compared with usual care (UC) would result in reduced all-cause mortality, heart failure admissions and healthcare costs in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients at long-term follow-up. Methods Of the 160 patients included in the multi-centre, randomised controlled telemonitoring trial (TEMA-HF 1, time point t0 ); 142 CHF patients (65% male; age: 76 ± 10 years; EF: 36 ± 15%) were alive and entered the follow-up study (time point: t1 ) with a final evaluation at 79 months (time point: t2 )...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Rodrigo P Dos Santos, Camila H Dalmora, Stephani A Lukasewicz, Otávio Carvalho, Caroline Deutschendorf, Raquel Lima, Tiago Leitzke, Nilson C Correa, Marcelo V Gambetta
Introduction Telemedicine technologies are increasingly being incorporated into infectious disease practice. We aimed to demonstrate the impact of antimicrobial stewardship through telemedicine on bacterial resistance rates. Methods We conducted a quasi-experimental study in a 220-bed hospital in southern Brazil. An antimicrobial stewardship program incorporating the use of telemedicine was implemented. Resistance and antimicrobial consumption rates were determined and analysed using a segmented regression model...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Bakhtiyar Ahmed, Thomas Dannhauser, Nada Philip
Introduction This paper is a systematic review of the relevant literature surrounding the implementation and utilisation of eHealth to identify key challenges and opportunities to future eHealth applications. Methods NHS Evidence, PubMed, IEEE Explorer, Cochrane Library and JMIR Publications were all searched for reviews published between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2017. Results A total of 47 papers met the final inclusion criterion. The published literature focused on a wide array of challenges categorised into five areas, facing the implementation and utilisation of eHealth; from this, four areas of opportunity to advance eHealth were identified...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Cynthia Srikesavan, Catherine Bryer, Usama Ali, Esther Williamson
Background Rehabilitation approaches for people with rheumatoid arthritis include joint protection, exercises and self-management strategies. Health interventions delivered via the web have the potential to improve access to health services overcoming time constraints, physical limitations, and socioeconomic and geographic barriers. The objective of this review is to determine the effects of web-based rehabilitation interventions in adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods Randomised controlled trials that compared web-based rehabilitation interventions with usual care, waiting list, no treatment or another web-based intervention in adults with rheumatoid arthritis were included...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Matthew J Allsop, Eve Namisango, Richard A Powell
Introduction Palliative care (PC) services in the African region need to adapt to manage rising numbers of patients with cancer or other life-limiting conditions. Mobile phone use in healthcare delivery (mHealth) is at an early stage of development for PC, but may provide new approaches to supporting patients regionally, particularly those with non-communicable diseases. Methods We conducted an online survey of 51 PC providers across 21 countries in the African region to identify: (i) current mHealth use in PC service delivery; (ii) potential barriers to mHealth use; and (iii) provider priorities for research development...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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