journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Histochemistry and Cell Biology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432431/initial-cell-adhesion-of-three-cell-types-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-serum-proteins
#1
Martina Verdanova, Pavla Sauerova, Ute Hempel, Marie Hubalek Kalbacova
With the development of a wide range of new biomaterials for the sensing of different cell behaviour, it is important to consider whether the cells tested in vitro are in direct contact with the material or whether cell-biomaterial contact is mediated by an interfacial layer of proteins originating from the culture medium or from the cells themselves. Thus, this study describes the differences between the cell adhesion mediated by proteins originating from foetal bovine serum and without the presence of such proteins 2 h following cell seeding exemplarily with different cell types (an osteoblastic cell line, primary fibroblasts, and mesenchymal stem cells)...
April 21, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429122/quantifying-golgi-structure-using-em-combining-volume-sem-and-stereology-for-higher-throughput
#2
REVIEW
Sophie Ferguson, Anna M Steyer, Terry M Mayhew, Yannick Schwab, John Milton Lucocq
Investigating organelles such as the Golgi complex depends increasingly on high-throughput quantitative morphological analyses from multiple experimental or genetic conditions. Light microscopy (LM) has been an effective tool for screening but fails to reveal fine details of Golgi structures such as vesicles, tubules and cisternae. Electron microscopy (EM) has sufficient resolution but traditional transmission EM (TEM) methods are slow and inefficient. Newer volume scanning EM (volume-SEM) methods now have the potential to speed up 3D analysis by automated sectioning and imaging...
April 20, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421320/hepatocyte-specific-depletion-of-ubiquitin-regulatory-x-domain-containing-protein-8-accelerates-fibrosis-in-a-mouse-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-model
#3
Norihiro Imai, Michitaka Suzuki, Yoji Ishizu, Teiji Kuzuya, Takashi Honda, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Masatoshi Ishigami, Yoshiki Hirooka, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Hidemi Goto, Toyoshi Fujimoto
Ubiquitin regulatory X domain-containing protein 8 (UBXD8) is engaged in the degradation of lipidated apolipoprotein B in hepatocytes. We previously showed that hepatocyte-specific UBXD8-deficient mice (U8-HKO) fed a moderately high-fat diet (31 kcal % fat) showed periportal macrovesicular steatosis along with a decrease in very low-density lipoprotein secretion, but did not develop fibrosis. In the present study, we examined whether U8-HKO mice show NASH-like phenotypes when fed a very high-fat diet (60 kcal % fat)...
April 18, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417191/mapping-of-estradiol-binding-sites-through-receptor-micro-autoradiography-in-the-endometrial-stroma-of-early-pregnant-mice
#4
Telma M T Zorn, Rodolfo R Favaro, Mauricio Soto-Suazo, Walter E Stumpf
Estradiol triggers key biological responses in the endometrium, which rely on the presence and levels of its cognate receptors on target cells. Employing the receptor micro-autoradiography (RMAR) technique, we aimed to provide a temporal and spatial map of the functional binding sites for estradiol in the mouse endometrial stroma during early pregnancy. Uterine samples from days 1.5 to 7.5 of pregnancy were collected 1 h after tritiated- (3H-) estradiol administration and prepared for RMAR analysis. Autoradiographic incorporation of 3H-thymidine (after 1-h pulse) was evaluated over the same gestational interval...
April 17, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405806/rearrangement-of-potassium-ions-and-kv1-1-kv1-2-potassium-channels-in-regenerating-axons-following-end-to-end-neurorrhaphy-ionic-images-from-tof-sims
#5
Chiung-Hui Liu, Hung-Ming Chang, Tsung-Huan Wu, Li-You Chen, Yin-Shuo Yang, To-Jung Tseng, Wen-Chieh Liao
The voltage-gated potassium channels Kv1.1 and Kv1.2 that cluster at juxtaparanodal (JXP) regions are essential in the regulation of nerve excitability and play a critical role in axonal conduction. When demyelination occurs, Kv1.1/Kv1.2 activity increases, suppressing the membrane potential nearly to the equilibrium potential of K(+), which results in an axonal conduction blockade. The recovery of K(+)-dependent communication signals and proper clustering of Kv1.1/Kv1.2 channels at JXP regions may directly reflect nerve regeneration following peripheral nerve injury...
April 12, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397143/tropism-intracerebral-distribution-and-transduction-efficiency-of-hiv-and-siv-based-lentiviral-vectors-after-injection-into-the-mouse-brain-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-in-vivo-study
#6
Juraj Hlavatý, Zbyněk Tonar, Matthias Renner, Sylvia Panitz, Helga Petznek, Matthias Schweizer, Silke Schüle, Björn-Philipp Kloke, Rudolf Moldzio, Kirsti Witter
Lentiviruses are suitable to transfer potential therapeutic genes into non-replicating cells such as neurons, but systematic in vivo studies on transduction of neural cells within the complete brain are missing. We analysed the distribution of transduced cells with respect to brain structure, virus tropism, numbers of transduced neurons per brain, and influence of the Vpx or Vpr accessory proteins after injection of vectors based on SIVsmmPBj, HIV-2, and HIV-1 lentiviruses into the right striatum of the mouse brain...
April 10, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397142/mutations-in-the-tp53-gene-affected-recruitment-of-53bp1-protein-to-dna-lesions-but-level-of-53bp1-was-stable-after-%C3%AE-irradiation-that-depleted-mdc1-protein-in-specific-tp53-mutants
#7
Jana Suchánková, Soňa Legartová, Eva Ručková, Bořivoj Vojtěšek, Stanislav Kozubek, Eva Bártová
53BP1 is a very well-known protein that is recruited to DNA lesions. The focal accumulation of p53 binding protein, 53BP1, is a main feature indicating the repair of spontaneous or irradiation-induced foci (IRIF). Thus, here, we addressed the question of whether mutations in the TP53 gene, which often affect the level of p53 protein, can change the recruitment of 53BP1 to γ- or UVA-irradiated chromatin. In various TP53 mutants, we observed a distinct accumulation of 53BP1 protein to UV-induced DNA lesions: in R273C mutants, 53BP1 appeared transiently at DNA lesions, during 10-30 min after irradiation; the mutation R282W was responsible for accumulation of 53BP1 immediately after UVA-damage; and in L194F mutants, the first appearance of 53BP1 protein at the lesions occurred during 60-70 min...
April 10, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397141/differentiation-dependent-rearrangements-of-actin-filaments-and-microtubules-hinder-apical-endocytosis-in-urothelial-cells
#8
Larisa Tratnjek, Rok Romih, Mateja Erdani Kreft
During differentiation, superficial urothelial cells (UCs) of the urinary bladder form the apical surface, which is almost entirely covered by urothelial plaques containing densely packed uroplakin particles. These urothelial plaques are the main structural components of the blood-urine permeability barrier in the urinary bladder. We have shown previously that endocytosis from the apical plasma membrane decreases during urothelial cell differentiation. Here, we investigated the role of actin filament and microtubule rearrangements in apical endocytosis of differentiating UCs cells using hyperplastic and normoplastic porcine urothelial models...
April 10, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391396/%C3%A2-in-focus-in-hcb
#9
EDITORIAL
Douglas J Taatjes, Jürgen Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386635/vasa-expression-suggests-shared-germ-line-dynamics-in-bivalve-molluscs
#10
Liliana Milani, Andrea Pecci, Fabrizio Ghiselli, Marco Passamonti, Simone Bettini, Valeria Franceschini, Maria Gabriella Maurizii
Germ line segregation can occur during embryogenesis or after embryogenesis completion, with multipotent cells able to give rise to both germ and somatic cells in the developing juvenile or even in adulthood. These undifferentiated cells, in some animals, are self-renewing stem cells. In all these cell lineages, the same set of genes, among which vasa, appears to be expressed. We traced VASA expression during the peculiar gonad rebuilding of bivalves to verify its presence from undifferentiated germ cells to mature gametes in an animal taxon in which the mechanism of germ line establishment is still under investigation...
April 6, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365860/low-molecular-weight-hyaluronan-induces-migration-of-human-choriocarcinoma-jeg-3-cells-mediated-by-rhamm-as-well-as-by-pi3k-and-mapk-pathways
#11
Marilina Mascaró, Matías A Pibuel, Silvina L Lompardía, Mariangeles Díaz, Elsa Zotta, Maria I Bianconi, Néstor Lago, Silvina Otero, Gustavo Jankilevich, Elida Alvarez, Silvia E Hajos
Hyaluronan (HA) is the major glycosaminoglycan present in the extracellular matrix. It is produced by some tumours and promotes proliferation, differentiation and migration among others cellular processes. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is composed by non-tumour entities, such as hydatidiform mole (HM), which is the most common type of GTD and also malignant entities such as choriocarcinoma (CC) and placental site trophoblastic tumour (PSTT), being CC the most aggressive tumour. Although there is a growing understanding of GTD biology, the role of HA in the pathogenesis of this group of diseases remains largely unknown...
April 1, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365859/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-collective-and-individual-cell-migration-regulate-epithelial-changes-in-the-amikacin-damaged-organ-of-corti
#12
Sabine Ladrech, Michel Eybalin, Jean-Luc Puel, Marc Lenoir
Characterizing the microenvironment of a damaged organ of Corti and identifying the basic mechanisms involved in subsequent epithelial reorganization are critical for improving the outcome of clinical therapies. In this context, we studied the expression of a variety of cell markers related to cell shape, cell adhesion and cell plasticity in the rat organ of Corti poisoned with amikacin. Our results indicate that, after severe outer hair cell losses, the cytoarchitectural reorganization of the organ of Corti implicates epithelial-mesenchymal transition mechanisms and involves both collective and individual cell migratory processes...
April 1, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357579/epithelial-cell-types-and-their-proposed-roles-in-maintaining-the-mucosal-barrier-in-human-chagasic-megacolonic-mucosa
#13
Christian Koch, Alexandre B M da Silveira, Enio C de Oliveira, Karl Quint, Winfried Neuhuber, Axel Brehmer, Samir Jabari
Patients suffering from chagasic megacolon must have an intact mucosal barrier as they survive this chronic disease for decades. A key structure of the mucosal barrier are epithelial cells. Vasoactive-intestinal-peptide (VIP)-positive nerve fibres are involved in influencing, e.g., epithelial cell proliferation, mucus secretion (e.g., mucin 2 and trefoil factor 3 of goblet cells) and inflammation or autoimmunity, all putative and/or known factors altered in chagasic megacolon. We analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively goblet cells, their specific markers, such as mucin 2 (MUC2) and trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) and enterocytes, the relation of VIP-immunoreactive nerve fibres to the epithelia, the distribution of gelsolin, a protein involved in chronic inflammation processes in the epithelia, and the proliferation rate of epithelial cells by combined 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and phosphohistone-H3 (PHH3) staining...
March 29, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343238/visualization-of-endothelial-barrier-damage-prior-to-formation-of-atherosclerotic-plaques
#14
Heike Bömmel, Florian Kleefeldt, Alma Zernecke, Sharang Ghavampour, Nicole Wagner, Stefanie Kuerten, Süleyman Ergün
En-face fat staining is frequently used to visualize atherosclerotic lesions. This method, however, is not suitable to visualize endothelial barrier damage prior to microscopically detectable morphological alterations of the arterial wall such as sub-endothelial lipid deposition. To enable the investigation of early endothelial barrier damage and in particular the initial steps of atherosclerosis, a new method has to fulfill three requirements: (i) easy and fast to perform, (ii) low cost of applicability without requirement for highly sophisticated technical equipment, and (iii) reliable reproducibility of valid results...
March 25, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337539/homer1-vesl-1-in-the-rat-esophagus-focus-on-myenteric-plexus-and-neuromuscular-junction
#15
J Zimmermann, W L Neuhuber, M Raab
Homer1, a scaffolding protein of the postsynaptic density (PSD), enriched at excitatory synapses is known to anchor and modulate group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) and different channel- and receptor-proteins. Homer proteins are expressed in neurons of different brain regions, but also in non-neuronal tissues like skeletal muscle. Occurrence and location of Homer1 and mGluR5 in myenteric plexus and neuromuscular junctions (NMJ) of rat esophagus have yet not been characterized. We located Homer1 and mGluR5 immunoreactivity (-iry) in rat esophagus and focused on myenteric neurons, intraganglionic laminar endings (IGLEs) and NMJs, using double- and triple-label immunohistochemistry and confocal laser scanning microscopy...
March 23, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321501/visualization-of-tumor-heterogeneity-by-in-situ-padlock-probe-technology-in-colorectal-cancer
#16
Amin El-Heliebi, Karl Kashofer, Julia Fuchs, Stephan W Jahn, Christian Viertler, Andrija Matak, Peter Sedlmayr, Gerald Hoefler
Tumor heterogeneity is considered a major cause for therapy resistance in colorectal cancer. Sub-populations of cells with different genetic alterations may exist in spatially distinct areas. Upon therapy, resistant sub-clones may enrich and ultimately lead to disease progression. Although ample data are available on tumors which are heterogeneous on a morphological level, only little is known about morphologically homogeneous tumors. We aimed to investigate if morphologically homogeneous colorectal cancer can harbor a heterogeneous genetic landscape...
March 20, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321500/aptahistochemistry-in-diagnostic-pathology-technical-scrutiny-and-feasibility
#17
REVIEW
Bakhtiar A Bukari, Marimuthu Citartan, Ewe Seng Ch'ng, Mawethu P Bilibana, Timofey Rozhdestvensky, Thean-Hock Tang
Antibodies have been the workhorse for diagnostic immunohistochemistry to specifically interrogate the expression of certain protein to aid in histopathological diagnosis. This review introduces another dimension of histochemistry that employs aptamers as the core tool, the so-called aptahistochemistry. Aptamers are an emerging class of molecular recognition elements that could recapitulate the roles of antibodies. The many advantageous properties of aptamers suited for this diagnostic platform are scrutinized...
March 20, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315934/gas1-expression-in-parietal-cells-of-bowman-s-capsule-in-experimental-diabetic-nephropathy
#18
Brenda I Luna-Antonio, Rafael Rodriguez-Muñoz, Carmen Namorado-Tonix, Paula Vergara, Jose Segovia, Jose L Reyes
Gas1 (Growth Arrest-Specific 1) is a pleiotropic protein with novel functions including anti-proliferative and proapoptotic activities. In the kidney, the expression of Gas1 has been described in mesangial cells. In this study, we described that renal parietal cells of Bowman's capsule (BC) and the distal nephron cells also express Gas1. The role of Gas1 in the kidney is not yet known. There is a subpopulation of progenitor cells in Bowman's capsule with self-renewal properties which can eventually differentiate into podocytes as a possible mechanism of regeneration in the early stages of diabetic nephropathy...
March 18, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314909/localization-of-dynamin-related-protein-1-and-its-potential-role-in-lamellipodia-formation
#19
Youhwa Jo, Hyo Min Cho, Woong Sun, Jae Ryun Ryu
Dynamin-related protein1 (Drp1) plays an essential role in mitochondrial fission: Cytosolic Drp1 is translocated to the mitochondria upon stimulus, and oligomerized Drp1 constricts mitochondria by aid of actin filaments. Drp1 completes the fission process with GTP hydrolysis by its own GTPase activity. The importance of actin filament and its interaction with Drp1 in the mitochondrial fission process have been demonstrated. In this study, we found that Drp1 is enriched in the actin-rich leading edge of lamellipodia of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) wherein mitochondria or peroxisomes are absent...
March 17, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293722/pattern-of-cardiotoxin-induced-muscle-remodeling-in-distinct-tlr-4-deficient-mouse-strains
#20
Eustáquio Luiz Paiva-Oliveira, Rafael Ferreira da Silva, Maria Bellio, Thereza Quirico-Santos, Jussara Lagrota-Candido
Tissue damage triggers innate immune response mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR) that recognizes endogenous host danger molecules associated with cell death and tissue inflammation, although the precise role of TLR-4 signaling in muscle tissue repair is still uncertain. Previously, we observed that TLR-4 exerted a protective effect preventing excessive muscular damage induced by Bothrops jararacussu crude venom. This study aimed to evaluate the involvement of TLR-4 at early stages of muscular tissue remodeling in distinct mouse strains after injection of purified snake venom...
March 14, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
journal
journal
32235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"