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Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949065/the-american-cockroach-peptide-periplanetasin-4-inhibits-clostridium-difficile-toxin-a-induced-cell-toxicities-and-inflammatory-responses-in-the-mouse-gut
#1
I Na Yoon, Li Fang Lu, Ji Hong, Peng Zhang, Dae Hong Kim, Jin Ku Kang, Jae Sam Hwang, Ho Kim
Many reports have shown that crude extracts of the American cockroach have therapeutic effects on inflammation. In a previous study, our research group showed that an antimicrobial peptide (Periplanetasin-2) derived from the American cockroach via de novo transcriptome analysis inhibited apoptosis of human colonocytes and inflammatory responses of the mouse gut caused by Clostridium difficile toxin A. Here, we examined whether Periplanetasin-4 (Peri-4), another antimicrobial peptide identified via de novo transcriptome analysis of the American cockroach, could also inhibit the various toxicities induced by C...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833783/intramolecular-cyclization-of-the-antimicrobial-peptide-polybia-mpi-with-triazole-stapling-influence-on-stability-and-bioactivity
#2
Beijun Liu, Wei Zhang, Sanhu Gou, Haifeng Huang, Jia Yao, Zhibin Yang, Hui Liu, Chao Zhong, Beiyin Liu, Jingman Ni, Rui Wang
Cationic antimicrobial peptides have attracted increasing attention as a novel class of antibiotics to treat infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria. However, susceptibility to protease is a shortcoming in their development. Cyclization is one approach to increase the proteolytic resistance of peptides. Therefore, to improve the proteolytic resistance of Polybia-MPI, we have synthesized the MPI cyclic analogs C-MPI-1 (i-to-i+4) and C-MPI-2 (i-to-i+6) by copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812314/self-assembled-chiral-nanostructures-of-amphiphilic-peptide-from-single-molecule-to-aggregate
#3
Ting Zhou, Zhiqing Zhang, Xuemei Zhang, Chen Wang, Guiying Xu, Yanlian Yang
We report interesting hierarchical self-assembled architectures from a designed amphiphilic peptide. The bisignate cotton effects in circular dichroism spectra show typical peptide aggregation-induced. The observation of peptide assembly structures from initial particles and fibrils to ribbon structures is supported by microscopy (atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy). The visualization of individual peptide at the single molecular level offered insights of the intermolecular interactions responsible for the formation of aggregates, which is investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795464/antimicrobial-activity-of-leucine-substituted-decoralin-analogs-with-lower-hemolytic-activity
#4
Marcelo Der Torossian Torres, Cibele Nicolaski Pedron, Julia Aparecida da Silva Lima, Pedro Ismael da Silva, Fernanda Dias da Silva, Vani Xavier Oliveira
Linear cationic α-helical antimicrobial peptides are promising chemotherapeutics. Most of them act by different mechanisms, making it difficult to microorganisms acquiring resistance. Decoralin is an example of antimicrobial peptide; it was described by Konno et al. and presented activity against microorganisms, but with pronounced hemolytic activity. We synthesized leucine-substituted decoralin analogs designed based on important physicochemical properties, which depend on the maintenance of the amphiphilic α-helical tendency of the native molecule...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795459/dissecting-the-behaviour-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide-variants-during-oligomerization-and-fibrillation
#5
Jing-Ming Shi, Lin Zhang, En-Qi Liu
The oligomerization and fibrillation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides are important events in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. However, the motifs within the Aβ sequence that contribute to oligomerization and fibrillation and the complex interplay among these short motifs are unclear. In this study, the oligomerization and fibrillation abilities of the Aβ variants Aβ1-28, Aβ1-36, Aβ11-42, Aβ17-42, Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 were examined by thioflavin T fluorescence, western blotting and transmission electron microscopy...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758361/igy-binding-peptide-screened-from-a-random-peptide-library-as-a-ligand-for-igy-purification
#6
Kamrul Hasan Khan, Arisa Himeno, Shouhei Kosugi, Yosuke Nakashima, Abdur Rafique, Ayana Imamura, Takaaki Hatanaka, Dai-Ichiro Kato, Yuji Ito
Chicken egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) is a functional substitute for mammalian IgG for antigen detection. Traditional IgY purification methods involve multi-step procedures resulting in low purity and recovery of IgY. In this study, we developed a simple IgY purification system using IgY-specific peptides identified by T7 phage display technology. From disulfide-constrained random peptide libraries constructed on a T7 phage, we identified three specific binding clones (Y4-4, Y5-14, and Y5-55) through repeated biopanning...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876538/mikl%C3%A3-s-bodanszky-award-lecture-advances-in-the-selective-targeting-of-protein-phosphatase-1-and-phosphatase-2a-with-peptides
#7
REVIEW
Maja Köhn
Protein phosphatase-1 and phosphatase-2A are two ubiquitously expressed enzymes known to catalyze the majority of dephosphorylation reactions on serine and threonine inside cells. They play roles in most cellular processes and are tightly regulated by regulatory subunits in holoenzymes. Their misregulation and malfunction contribute to disease development and progression, such as in cancer, diabetes, viral infections, and neurological as well as heart diseases. Therefore, targeting these phosphatases for therapeutic use would be highly desirable; however, their complex regulation and high conservation of the active site have been major hurdles for selectively targeting them in the past...
October 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635051/substitution-determination-of-fmoc-substituted-resins-at-different-wavelengths
#8
Stefan Eissler, Markus Kley, Dirk Bächle, Günther Loidl, Thomas Meier, Daniel Samson
In solid-phase peptide synthesis, the nominal batch size is calculated using the starting resin substitution and the mass of the starting resin. The starting resin substitution constitutes the basis for the calculation of a whole set of important process parameters, such as the number of amino acid derivative equivalents. For Fmoc-substituted resins, substitution determination is often performed by suspending the Fmoc-protected starting resin in 20% (v/v) piperidine in DMF to generate the dibenzofulvene-piperidine adduct that is quantified by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy...
October 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707817/evaluation-of-free-or-anchored-antimicrobial-peptides-as-candidates-for-the-prevention-of-orthopaedic-device-related-infections
#9
Francesca D'Este, Debora Oro, Gerard Boix-Lemonche, Alessandro Tossi, Barbara Skerlavaj
The prevention of implant-associated infection, one the most feared complications in orthopaedic surgery, remains a major clinical challenge and urges development of effective methods to prevent bacterial colonization of implanted devices. Alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) may be promising candidates in this respect due to their potent and broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, their low tendency to elicit resistance and possible retention of efficacy in the immobilized state. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of five different helical AMPs, the cathelicidins BMAP-27 and BMAP-28, their (1-18) fragments and the rationally designed, artificial P19(9/G7) peptide, for the prevention of orthopaedic implant infections...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699258/cytotoxic-peptides-with-insulin-releasing-activities-from-skin-secretions-of-the-italian-stream-frog-rana-italica-ranidae
#10
J Michael Conlon, Vishal Musale, Samir Attoub, Maria Luisa Mangoni, Jérôme Leprince, Laurent Coquet, Thierry Jouenne, Yasser H A Abdel-Wahab, Peter R Flatt, Andrea C Rinaldi
Peptidomic analysis of norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions from Italian stream frog Rana italica led to the purification and characterization of two host-defense peptides differing by a single amino acid residue belonging to the brevinin-1 family (brevinin-1ITa and -1ITb), a peptide belonging to the temporin family (temporin-ITa) and a component identified as prokineticin Bv8. The secretions contained relatively high concentrations of the methionine-sulphoxide forms of brevinin-1ITa and -1ITb suggesting that these peptides may have a role as antioxidants in the skin of this montane frog...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681413/re-evaluating-the-stability-of-comu-in-different-solvents
#11
Ashish Kumar, Yahya E Jad, Beatriz G de la Torre, Ayman El-Faham, Fernando Albericio
COMU is uronium-type coupling reagent based on OxymaPure. It showed several advantages over classical benzotriazole-based coupling reagents such as higher solubility, water-soluble byproduct, and monitoring the reaction by changing of color. Although COMU is well known to perform excellent in solution, but its hydrolytic stability in DMF limits its use in automatic peptide synthesizer. Herein, we evaluated the hydrolytic stability of COMU in γ-valerolactone (GVL), acetonitrile (ACN) and N-formylmorpholine (NFM) and compared its stability against DMF...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786204/editorial
#12
EDITORIAL
Luis Moroder, Yoshiaki Kiso, Ulf Diederichsen, Tadashi Teshima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661555/cryptophycins-cytotoxic-cyclodepsipeptides-with-potential-for-tumor-targeting
#13
Christine Weiss, Eduard Figueras, Adina N Borbely, Norbert Sewald
Cryptophycins are a class of 16-membered highly cytotoxic macrocyclic depsipeptides isolated from cyanobacteria. The biological activity is based on their ability to interact with tubulin. They interfere with microtubule dynamics and prevent microtubules from forming correct mitotic spindles, which causes cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Their strong antiproliferative activities with 100-fold to 1000-fold potency compared with those of paclitaxel and vinblastine have been observed. Cryptophycins are highly promising drug candidates, as their biological activity is not negatively affected by P-glycoprotein, a drug efflux system commonly found in multidrug-resistant cancer cell lines and solid tumors...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627122/a-biotinylated-peptide-bp21-as-a-novel-potent-anti-anaphylactic-agent-targeting-platelet-activating-factor
#14
Akira Sato, Keiichi Ebina
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an important mediator of anaphylaxis and is therefore an anti-anaphylactic drug target. We recently reported that synthetic N-terminally biotinylated peptides (BP4-BP29) inhibit PAF by directly interacting with PAF and its metabolite/precursor lyso-PAF. In this study, we investigated whether the biotinylated peptides can inhibit anaphylactic reactions in vivo. In mouse models of anaphylaxis, one of the peptides, BP21, markedly and dose-dependently inhibited hypothermia with a maximum dose-response within 30 min after administration, even at doses 20 times lesser than doses of the known PAF antagonist CV-3988...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626916/unexpected-functions-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-beyond-its-enzymatic-activity
#15
REVIEW
Jean Martinez
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a well-known enzyme, largely studied for its action on hypertension, as it produces angiotensin II from angiotensin I. This paper describes two original behaviours of ACE. We showed that ACE could hydrolyse gastrin, a neuropeptide from the gastrointestinal tract, releasing the C-terminal amidated dipeptide H-Asp-Phe-NH2 . This dipeptide is believed to be involved in the gastrin-induced acid secretion in the stomach. This hypothetic mechanism of action of gastrin resulted in a strategy to rationally design gastrin receptor antagonists...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626925/stoichiometric-analysis-of-oligomeric-states-of-three-class-a-gpcrs-chemokine-cxcr4-dopamine-d2-and-prostaglandin-ep1-receptors-on-living-cells
#16
Kenichi Kawano, Tetsuya Yagi, Nozomu Fukada, Yoshiaki Yano, Katsumi Matsuzaki
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form the largest family of transmembrane receptors, and their oligomerization has been suggested to be related to their functions. Despite extensive studies, their oligomeric states are highly controversial. One of the reasons is the overestimation of oligomerization by conventional methods. We recently established a stoichiometric analysis method for precisely determining the oligomeric state of membrane proteins on living cells with the combined use of the coiled-coil labeling method and a spectral imaging technique and showed that the prototypical class-A GPCR β2 -adrenergic receptor (β2 AR) did not form functional oligomers...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612448/visible-light-photoredox-catalyzed-desulfurization-of-thiol-and-disulfide-containing-amino-acids-and-small-peptides
#17
Myungmo Lee, Saskia Neukirchen, Chiara Cabrele, Oliver Reiser
A scalable protocol for the desulfurization of cysteine by using visible light, the photocatalyst Ir(dF(CF3 )ppy)2 (dtb-bpy)PF6 and triethylphosphite under biphasic reaction conditions has been developed. The loading of the catalyst can be as low as 0.01 mol%, which can be efficiently removed during the workup (≤0.3 ppm), giving rise to the corresponding desulfurized product in high yields. This method has been applied also to cystine, penicillamine, and reduced and oxidized glutathione. The desulfurization has been found to be pH sensitive, with an optimal pH value of 6...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608418/characterization-of-an-insulinotropic-peptide-from-skin-secretions-of-odorrana-andersonii
#18
Weijie Shang, Xinwang Yang, Xiaoman Ju, Yueying Xie, Yun Zhang, Wen-Hui Lee
Insulinotropic peptide agents are regarded as potential candidates for anti-diabetic treatment. In the present study, a novel insulinotropic peptide, termed OA-A1, was purified from frog skin secretions of Odorrana andersonii. Mature OA-A1 was determined to be a 1965.049 Da peptide with an amino acid sequence of LVGKLLKGAVGDVCGLLPIC, in which an intramolecular disulfide bridge was formed by two cysteine residues. At the cellular level, OA-A1 exhibited potent proliferation promoting effects on mouse-derived pancreatic β-TC-6 cells and significantly stimulated insulin release in β-TC-6 cells at a minimum concentration of 1 nM...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608410/pyrazole-amino-acids-hydrogen-bonding-directed-conformations-of-3-amino-1h-pyrazole-5-carboxylic-acid-residue
#19
Anna Kusakiewicz-Dawid, Monika Porada, Wioletta Ochędzan-Siodłak, Małgorzata A Broda, Maciej Bujak, Dawid Siodłak
A series of model compounds containing 3-amino-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid residue with N-terminal amide/urethane and C-terminal amide/hydrazide/ester groups were investigated by using NMR, Fourier transform infrared, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods, additionally supported by theoretical calculations. The studies demonstrate that the most preferred is the extended conformation with torsion angles ϕ and ψ close to ±180°. The studied 1H-pyrazole with N-terminal amide/urethane and C-terminal amide/hydrazide groups solely adopts this energetically favored conformation confirming rigidity of that structural motif...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585417/cyanobacterial-peptides-as-a-prototype-for-the-design-of-cathepsin-d-inhibitors
#20
Hao Xu, Keting Bao, Shuai Tang, Jing Ai, Haiyan Hu, Wei Zhang
Cathepsin D (Cath D) is overexpressed and secreted in a number of solid tumors and involved in the progress of tumor invasion, proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis. Inhibition of Cath D is regarded as an attractive pathway for the development of novel anticancer drugs. Our previous studies revealed that tasiamide B, a cyanobacterial peptide that contained a statine-like unit, exhibited good inhibition against Cath D and other aspartic proteases. Using this natural product as prototype, we designed and synthesized three new analogs, which bear isophthalic acid fragment at the N-terminus and isobutyl amine (1), cyclopropyl amine (2), or 3-methoxybenzyl amine (3) moiety at the C-terminus...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
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