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Violence Against Women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355086/a-trauma-informed-analysis-of-the-violence-against-women-act-s-provisions-for-undocumented-immigrant-women
#1
Nadine Shaanta Murshid, Elizabeth A Bowen
Immigrant women in the United States are among the groups disproportionately affected by intimate partner violence (IPV). Undocumented immigrants generally have fewer resources for coping with violence and may experience a range of personal, cultural, and immigration status-related barriers to reporting violence and accessing help. Thus, undocumented immigrant victims of IPV could benefit significantly from policies that promote access to trauma-informed services and legal options. This article applies a trauma-informed policy analysis framework to the Violence Against Women Act's immigration protections to demonstrate how the Act's U-Visa provisions and implementation practices could be improved by incorporating trauma-informed principles of trustworthiness and transparency, empowerment, choice, safety, collaboration, and intersectionality...
January 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355079/-i-don-t-know-that-i-ve-ever-felt-like-i-got-the-full-story-a-qualitative-study-of-courtroom-interactions-between-judges-and-litigants-in-domestic-violence-protective-order-cases
#2
Cara J Person, Kathryn E Beth Moracco, Christine Agnew-Brune, J Michael Bowling
One in three U.S. women has experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) and many seek domestic violence protective orders (DVPOs) for secondary IPV prevention. Because judges have considerable autonomy making DVPO decisions, there is a need to describe how courtroom interactions and information available to judges may influence DVPO dispositions. We conducted DVPO hearing observations and phone interviews with District Court Judges. Qualitative themes emerged that may influence judges' decision making in DVPO hearings: case information availability, judge engagement level, and litigant credibility...
January 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332556/-back-off-buddy-this-is-my-body-not-yours-empowering-girls-through-self-defense
#3
Jan Jordan, Elaine Mossman
Although growing recognition is being given to the benefits of teaching self-defense skills to college women, very little research attention has considered the impacts of providing such courses to school-aged girls. This article presents the findings from a large-scale evaluation of self-defense programs provided to three different age groups of schoolgirls from diverse backgrounds in New Zealand, drawing on survey responses from the girls themselves, supplemented by qualitative data provided by key informant interviews with their school and self-defense teachers...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332555/victim-empowerment-safety-and-perpetrator-accountability-through-collaboration-a-crisis-to-transformation-conceptual-model
#4
Jacquelyn W White, Holly C Sienkiewicz
This article describes the development of the Victim Empowerment, Safety, and Perpetrator Accountability through Collaboration (VESPAC) model based on a grounded theory analysis of congressionally mandated and permissible purpose areas for grants authorized by the Violence Against Women Act. These areas are reflective of ongoing and emerging needs of victims and agencies serving victims and are rooted in the expertise, insight, and concerns of those who work most closely with victims and perpetrators on a regular basis...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332525/bar-training-for-active-bystanders-evaluation-of-a-community-based-bystander-intervention-program
#5
Ráchael A Powers, Jennifer Leili
Bystander intervention programs are proliferating on college campuses and are slowly gaining momentum as sexual violence prevention programs suitable for the larger community. In particular, bystander intervention programs aimed at bar staff have been developed in a number of locations. This study entails the exploratory evaluation of a community-based bystander program for bar staff. Using a pre-posttest design, this study suggests that evidence surrounding the effectiveness of this program is promising as it decreases rape myths, decreases barriers to intervention, and increases bartenders willingness to intervene...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332520/gender-based-violence-among-hiv-positive-women-in-kazakhstan-prevalence-types-and-associated-risk-and-protective-factors
#6
Tina Jiwatram-Negrón, Nabila El-Bassel, Sholpan Primbetova, Assel Terlikbayeva
This article examines the prevalence and associated multilevel risk and protective factors of intimate and nonintimate partner violence among a sample of 249 HIV-positive women in Kazakhstan. We found high prevalence of both lifetime intimate partner violence (52%) and nonintimate partner violence (30%). Together, nearly 60% experienced at least one incident of violence by either an intimate or nonintimate partner (gender-based violence [GBV]). In the multivariate analyses, we found associations between several individual, interpersonal, and socio-structural risk factors and GBV...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332519/integrating-reproductive-health-services-into-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victim-service-programs
#7
Theresa Gmelin, Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Surabhi Kukke, Elizabeth Miller
This study assessed the feasibility of integrating reproductive health services into intimate partner violence/sexual violence (IPV/SV) programs. After a training for victim service agencies on integration of health services, we conducted semistructured interviews with IPV/SV program leadership. Leadership reported advocates were more likely to recognize the need to refer clients to health services, and revealed challenges operationalizing partnerships with health care centers. Training to integrate basic health assessment into victim services may be one way to address women's urgent health needs...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332517/women-s-decisions-to-stay-in-or-leave-an-abusive-relationship-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-bolivia
#8
Eva Heim, Icek Ajzen, Peter Schmidt, Daniel Seddig
This study examined Bolivian women's decisions to stay with or leave their violent partners. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) was used as the theoretical framework. One hundred thirty-four women were assessed 3 times over 6 months. The TPB constructs were measured at T1 and T2; relationship status was assessed at T3. At T2, attitudes about staying and leaving predicted the intention to leave. Intention to leave at T2 but not at T1 predicted relationship status at T3. These results suggest that the decision to leave was consolidated between T1 and T2, and attitudes toward staying were most relevant to this decision...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332553/understanding-trauma-normativeness-normalization-and-help-seeking-in-homeless-mothers
#9
Barbara L Brush, Laura E Gultekin, Elizabeth B Dowdell, Denise M Saint Arnault, Katherine Satterfield
Although trauma-informed approaches guide services to families experiencing homelessness, more emphasis is placed on securing housing than addressing underlying trauma contributing to housing instability. Examining the stories of 29 homeless and/or unstably housed mothers within the broader literature on family trauma and violence, chronic illness, and cultural aspects of family functioning, we define the process of trauma normativeness and normalization that may occur with repeated trauma experiences and argue that rehousing efforts must include concomitant attention to trauma and to understanding how individual, family, community, and cultural factors influence help-seeking behaviors in this vulnerable and growing population...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332548/sociodemographic-and-incident-variables-as-predictors-of-victim-injury-from-intimate-partner-violence-findings-from-police-reports
#10
Marie E Karlsson, Kathryn Reid Quiñones, Cristina M López, Arthur R Andrews, Megan M Wallace, Alyssa Rheingold
Predictors of victim injury from intimate partner violence (IPV) were investigated using 1,292 police reports collected in South Carolina in 2009/2010. All cases were opposite sex adults. Results from bivariate statistics showed that IPV cases with ( n = 649) and without visible injuries ( n = 643) differed on victim gender, victim race, type of relationship, and perpetrator's alcohol use. Results from a logistic regression analysis predicting victim injury showed higher odds ratios for males, Whites, and couples identified as cohabitants...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332528/-killed-out-of-love-a-frame-analysis-of-domestic-violence-coverage-in-hong-kong
#11
Miriam Hernández
A frame analysis was conducted on a Hong Kong newspaper to determine whether news coverage of female fatalities at the hands of their intimate partners was reported in conventional domestic violence ways or if there were culture-specific explanations. Overall, most coverage supported known views of domestic violence, justifying the perpetrator and categorizing the issue as isolated crime. However, a few stories highlighted the historical subordination of women under patriarchy in Confucianism as an important cultural factor...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332542/long-journeys-toward-freedom-the-relationship-between-coercive-control-and-space-for-action-measurement-and-emerging-evidence
#12
Nicola Sharp-Jeffs, Liz Kelly, Renate Klein
We report on the development of, and findings from, two scales measuring coercive control and space for action over a period of 3 years in a sample of 100 women who had accessed domestic violence services. We present statistical evidence to show a significant correlation between coercive control and space for action. However, dealing with violence is not a linear process, and support needs to extend beyond being enabled to separate. The scales advance measurement of women's experience of coercive control and, through the space for action scale, document their ability to restore agency and freedom in contexts of relative safety...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332534/mediated-effects-of-coping-on-mental-health-outcomes-of-african-american-women-exposed-to-physical-and-psychological-abuse
#13
Chmaika P Mills, Hope M Hill, Joshua A D Johnson
Few studies have assessed the individual symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as separate mental health consequences of intimate partner abuse (IPA). This study examined the role of coping strategies associated with symptoms of PTSD in a community sample of African American women who have experienced abuse ( N = 128). The results revealed that nonphysical abuse was more prevalent than physical abuse. Specific symptoms of PTSD expressed depended on the type of abuse experienced and the type of coping strategies utilized...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332532/is-the-end-really-the-end-prevalence-and-correlates-of-college-women-s-intentions-to-return-to-an-abusive-relationship
#14
Katie M Edwards, Kelly M Palmer, Kristin G Lindemann, Christine A Gidycz
Fifty-six college women completed surveys before and after terminating an abusive, heterosexual dating relationship. Whereas 64% of women had contact with their abusive partner post break-up, only 14% reported a moderate to high likelihood that they would return. Intentions to return were prospectively predicted by fewer perceived quality of alternatives, and cross-sectional correlates of intentions to return were being single, shorter time since relationship termination, having contact with one's abusive ex-partner, and social pressure to return...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332524/exploring-the-moderating-role-of-problematic-substance-use-in-the-relations-between-borderline-and-antisocial-personality-features-and-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Nicholas A Armenti, Alexandra L Snead, Julia C Babcock
Borderline and antisocial personality features relate to multiple externalizing behaviors, including intimate partner violence (IPV). However, not all individuals with borderline and antisocial traits perpetrate IPV. The strength of the personality-IPV link may be related to problematic substance use. We examined borderline and antisocial personality features, problematic substance use, and IPV in a community sample of couples. Positive relations between both borderline and antisocial features and IPV were stronger in conditions of high problematic alcohol use relative to low problematic alcohol use...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332560/social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-a-qualitative-study-of-informal-support-dyads
#16
Katherine Lorenz, Sarah E Ullman, Anne Kirkner, Rupashree Mandala, Amanda L Vasquez, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir
This interview study examined 45 informal support dyads where sexual assault was disclosed. Analysis showed social reactions and appraisals of reactions varied by relationship type (family, friend, significant other). Themes identified were role reversal or "parentification" of supporters, reactions of anger and aggression toward perpetrators, supporters using their own trauma experiences to respond to survivors, and reactions of betrayal. Results revealed the potential for identifying relational patterns and dynamics occurring in social reactions through dyadic analysis not otherwise captured by a survivor-only perspective...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332559/the-relationship-between-domestic-partner-violence-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-an-adult-community-sample-examining-hope-agency-and-pathways-as-protective-factors
#17
Edward C Chang, Elizabeth A Yu, Emma R Kahle, Yifeng Du, Olivia D Chang, Zunaira Jilani, Tina Yu, Jameson K Hirsch
We examined an additive and interactive model involving domestic partner violence (DPV) and hope in accounting for suicidal behaviors in a sample of 98 community adults. Results showed that DPV accounted for a significant amount of variance in suicidal behaviors. Hope further augmented the prediction model and accounted for suicidal behaviors beyond DPV. Finally, we found that DPV significantly interacted with both dimensions of hope to further account for additional variance in suicidal behaviors above and beyond the independent effects of DPV and hope...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332552/practitioner-views-on-the-impacts-challenges-and-barriers-in-supporting-older-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#18
Hannah Bows
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersection between age and sexual violence drawing on interviews with 23 practitioners supporting older survivors (aged 60 and over). They reported physical and emotional effects of sexual violence leading to limited lifestyles, disengagement from social networks, and reliance on pathogenic coping strategies...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332549/the-role-of-sexual-abuse-in-trauma-symptoms-delinquent-and-suicidal-behaviors-and-criminal-justice-outcomes-among-females-in-a-juvenile-justice-diversion-program
#19
Krystel Tossone, Madison Wheeler, Fredrick Butcher, Jeff Kretschmar
Female juvenile justice-involved (JJI) youth experience more sexual abuse (SA) than their non-JJI counterparts or their male JJI counterparts. This study examines SA's role among JJI females ( N = 1,307) in a behavioral health diversion program. Results indicate that SA increases the risk of psychological trauma, particularly posttraumatic stress and depression. SA also increases the odds of suicidal behavior, running away, and substance use. SA females have the same odds of successfully completing behavioral health diversion and being charged with any offense or misdemeanor after termination as non-SA females...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332543/difficult-but-close-relationships-children-s-perspectives-on-relationships-with-their-mothers-in-the-context-of-domestic-violence
#20
Simon Lapierre, Isabelle Côté, Amélie Lambert, David Buetti, Chantal Lavergne, Dominique Damant, Vanessa Couturier
This article reports findings from a participative and qualitative study conducted with children who had experienced domestic violence, focusing on their perspectives on their relationships with their mothers. Three focus groups and 46 individual interviews were conducted with children to gather their experiences. The research findings demonstrate that women's and children's victimizations are inextricably linked, and that domestic violence affects mother-child relationships. They also show that, despite the challenges and difficulties, children generally consider their mothers as very significant individuals in their lives, and have close relationships with them...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
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