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Violence Against Women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001682/australian-media-messages-critical-discourse-analysis-of-two-intimate-homicides-involving-domestic-violence
#1
Patricia Easteal, Kate Holland, Michelle Dunne Breen, Cathy Vaughan, Georgina Sutherland
This study uses critical discourse analysis to examine news reporting of two cases of intimate partner violence in Australia. The fine-grained analysis of newswriting and news-editing practices focuses particularly on the lexical features and referential strategies used to represent the perpetrator and the victim, the crime, and the location of the crime. Findings show that reporting often omits social context, sensationalizes, and acts to shift blame in ways that do not increase public understanding of the nature of domestic violence...
July 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961400/expanding-and-validating-a-typology-of-intimate-partner-violence-intersections-of-violence-and-control-within-relationships
#2
Annelise Mennicke
This research explored an expanded typology of intimate partner violence (IPV), intersecting violent and controlling behaviors of partners. Secondary data were analyzed ( n = 714). Cluster analyses indicated that elements of IPV (control perpetration, control victimization, violence victimization, and violence perpetration) all clustered in high/low patterns, which intersected to form 10 unique categories of IPV. Support for all of Johnson's categories of IPV was found, but there was also evidence for the three control-related categories: Unidirectional Control, Bidirectional Control, and Control Resistance...
June 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961399/suiga-change-an-ethnodrama-exploring-challenges-in-intimate-relationships-with-young-people-in-samoa
#3
Emma Heard, Lisa Fitzgerald, Sina Va'ai, Fiona Collins, Allyson Mutch
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant global issue and there is an immediate need to strengthen knowledge and support innovative action, particularly with young people and people in diverse cultural settings. This ethnodrama provides insights into the way young people in Samoa, a Pacific Island nation reporting high rates of IPV, experience and perceive IPV and challenges within intimate relationships. Suiga/Change is an authentic, emotive, and powerful story of four young people who represent the diversity and lived experiences of the wider population of young people in Samoa...
June 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29953335/alcohol-use-and-experiences-of-partner-violence-among-female-sex-workers-in-coastal-andhra-pradesh-india
#4
Elsa Heylen, Emily Shamban, Wayne T Steward, Gopal Krishnan, Raja Solomon, A K Srikrishnan, Maria L Ekstrand
This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence and context of violence by sexual partners against female sex workers (FSWs, N = 589) in Andhra Pradesh and its association with alcohol use by FSWs and abusive partners. In all, 84% of FSWs reported alcohol use; 65% reported lifetime physical abuse by a sexual partner. Most abused women suffered abuse from multiple partners, often triggered by inebriation or FSW's defiance. In multivariate logistic regressions, frequency of FSW's alcohol use was associated with abuse by clients and primary partner, whereas partner's alcohol use was only significant for abuse by primary partner, not clients...
June 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911487/understanding-how-solidarity-groups-a-community-based-economic-and-psychosocial-support-intervention-can-affect-mental-health-for-survivors-of-conflict-related-sexual-violence-in-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#5
Erica Koegler, Caitlin Kennedy, Janvier Mrindi, Richard Bachunguye, Peter Winch, Paul Ramazani, Maphie Tosha Makambo, Nancy Glass
Solidarity groups were established in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo to provide female survivors of conflict-related sexual violence an opportunity to generate income, establish networks of support, and cope with atrocities. Qualitative data were collected from 12 members of solidarity groups to explore factors that contributed to members' mental health. All women identified some improvement (physiological, psychological, economic, or social) since joining the solidarity group, but none of the women were free from ailments...
June 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890921/-everybody-s-really-close-knit-disconnections-between-helping-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-more-general-helping-in-rural-communities
#6
Victoria L Banyard, Katie M Edwards, Elizabeth A Moschella, Katherine M Seavey
Social support is key to well-being for victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), and bystanders have an important role to play in preventing IPV by taking action when there is risk for violence. The current study used qualitative interviews to explore young adults' perspectives on helping in situations of IPV, and more general helping, in the rural communities in which they resided. Participants were 74 individuals between the ages of 18 and 24 years from 16 rural counties across the eastern United States...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807497/-get-out-of-my-home-and-don-t-come-back-empowering-women-through-self-defense
#7
Jan Jordan, Elaine Mossman
Can self-defense courses empower those already victimized? This article explores the potential for self-defense courses to have specific efficacy in the prevention of intimate partner violence (IPV). It draws on interview ( n = 36) and pre- and postevaluation ( n = 44) data from two studies: (a) evaluation of a pilot study of a feminist empowerment self-defense course designed specifically for women's refuge/shelter clients (Violence Prevention Project [VPP]) and (b) evaluation of women's self-defense courses collected as part of a larger evaluation study (Skills for Safety)...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759041/naming-the-unspeakable-harm-of-street-harassment-a-survey-based-examination-of-disclosure-practices
#8
Bianca Fileborn
Street harassment may be considered an "unspeakable" harm on account of the routine silencing and trivialization of victims' experiences. Disclosing street harassment is vital in making its harms visible and in working to transform social and cultural attitudes. Despite a recent resurgence of interest in street harassment via online activist groups, there is scant research on disclosure practices. Drawing on findings from an online, mixed-methods survey with 292 participants who have experienced street harassment, I examine disclosure practices using an intersectional lens...
May 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332552/practitioner-views-on-the-impacts-challenges-and-barriers-in-supporting-older-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#9
Hannah Bows
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersection between age and sexual violence drawing on interviews with 23 practitioners supporting older survivors (aged 60 and over). They reported physical and emotional effects of sexual violence leading to limited lifestyles, disengagement from social networks, and reliance on pathogenic coping strategies...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332543/difficult-but-close-relationships-children-s-perspectives-on-relationships-with-their-mothers-in-the-context-of-domestic-violence
#10
Simon Lapierre, Isabelle Côté, Amélie Lambert, David Buetti, Chantal Lavergne, Dominique Damant, Vanessa Couturier
This article reports findings from a participative and qualitative study conducted with children who had experienced domestic violence, focusing on their perspectives on their relationships with their mothers. Three focus groups and 46 individual interviews were conducted with children to gather their experiences. The research findings demonstrate that women's and children's victimizations are inextricably linked, and that domestic violence affects mother-child relationships. They also show that, despite the challenges and difficulties, children generally consider their mothers as very significant individuals in their lives, and have close relationships with them...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332541/after-the-escape-physical-abuse-of-offspring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-the-legacy-of-political-violence-in-the-dprk
#11
Clifton R Emery, Jieun Yoo, Amia Lieblich, Randall Hansen
What is the relationship between victimization by political violence against women in North Korea and later physical abuse of offspring? This article examines the relationships between victimization by political violence, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse/dependence, and abuse of offspring after arrival in South Korea. A random sample of 204 female North Korean defectors was used to test hypotheses. An oral history conducted with a survivor of North Korean political violence is provided in an appendix to contextualize the results...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332540/using-the-woman-abuse-screening-tool-to-screen-for-and-assess-dating-violence-in-college-students
#12
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Jessie Ho-Yin Yau, Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Judith Belle Brown
The study aimed to evaluate the measurement properties of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) in Chinese college students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hong Kong. A cutoff score of 10 was found to be able to discriminate between abused and nonabused Chinese young adults. The total score was significantly correlated with total scores for anxiety and depression on the Chinese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Two-factor structure of the WAST was supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332531/supporting-rape-survivors-through-the-criminal-injuries-compensation-scheme-an-exploration-of-english-and-welsh-independent-sexual-violence-advisors-experiences
#13
Olivia Smith, Jessica Galey
English and Welsh responses to rape have long been critically examined, leading to attempted improvements in the criminal justice system. Despite this, little attention has been paid to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme (CICS) and the difficulties applying it to rape. To begin addressing this gap, researchers interviewed three, and qualitatively surveyed 22, Independent Sexual Violence Advisors. The findings suggest that CICS may not only reinforce rape myths and disadvantage vulnerable survivors, but is also a source of validation and contributes to survivor justice...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332529/alcohol-related-victim-behavior-and-rape-myth-acceptance-as-predictors-of-victim-blame-in-sexual-assault-cases
#14
Mónica Romero-Sánchez, Barbara Krahé, Miguel Moya, Jesús L Megías
Two studies analyzed the influence of victim behavior, drink type, and observer rape myth acceptance (RMA) on attributions of blame to victims of sexual assault. In Study 1, people higher in RMA blamed the victim more when she accepted rather than rejected the aggressor's invitation to buy her a drink. In Study 2, we analyzed if the effects depended on who offered the invitation for a drink (a friend or aggressor). RMA was more closely related to victim blame when she accepted (vs. rejected) the offer of a drink from the aggressor...
July 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332549/the-role-of-sexual-abuse-in-trauma-symptoms-delinquent-and-suicidal-behaviors-and-criminal-justice-outcomes-among-females-in-a-juvenile-justice-diversion-program
#15
Krystel Tossone, Madison Wheeler, Fredrick Butcher, Jeff Kretschmar
Female juvenile justice-involved (JJI) youth experience more sexual abuse (SA) than their non-JJI counterparts or their male JJI counterparts. This study examines SA's role among JJI females ( N = 1,307) in a behavioral health diversion program. Results indicate that SA increases the risk of psychological trauma, particularly posttraumatic stress and depression. SA also increases the odds of suicidal behavior, running away, and substance use. SA females have the same odds of successfully completing behavioral health diversion and being charged with any offense or misdemeanor after termination as non-SA females...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332518/sexual-assault-and-dyadic-relationship-satisfaction-indirect-associations-through-intimacy-and-mental-health
#16
Emily J Georgia, McKenzie K Roddy, Brian D Doss
Rates of child and adult sexual assault (SA) among women are staggering and place women at risk for intra- and interpersonal difficulties. However, the independent contributions of child and adult SA or the mechanisms of this risk are unknown. This study's goal was to examine the indirect effects of child and adult SA on women's own and partner's relationship functioning through their impact on women's mental health, emotional intimacy, and sexual intimacy. Results revealed that the association of women's child SA with both her own and her partner's relationship satisfaction operated through emotional intimacy...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332508/battered-wives-or-dependent-mothers-negotiating-familial-ideology-in-law
#17
Chulani Kodikara
More than a decade after its passing, Sri Lanka's Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (PDVA) remains a remedy of last resort for female survivors of intimate partner violence, as there is little support to take on a rights-defined identity as a battered woman both inside and outside the courtroom. However, large numbers of women are accessing the Maintenance Act of 1999 to exit violent relationships without the censure and stigma that attaches to the PDVA. The key to understanding this phenomenon is to consider how familial ideology works in unpredictable ways within the Sri Lankan judicial system...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332495/comparing-violent-victimization-experiences-of-male-and-female-college-attending-emerging-adults
#18
Callie Marie Rennison, Lynn A Addington
Despite increased attention to college student victimization, gaps remain. In particular, relatively little is known about violence against males and females outside sexual and intimate partner violence. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to compare male and female students' violent victimization overall as well as relational and sexual violence. Findings reveal gendered differences and similarities. Results have implications for policies to prevent violence and support victims...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332493/college-campus-sexual-assault-the-contribution-of-peers-proabuse-informational-support-and-attachments-to-abusive-peers
#19
Walter S DeKeseredy, Amanda Hall-Sanchez, James Nolan
Since the mid-1980s, researchers across the United States have uncovered high rates of sexual assault among female college students. However, to advance a better understanding of this gendered type of victimization, and to both prevent and control this problem, the research community needs to identify its major correlates. One that is consistently uncovered in North American campus survey work is negative peer support, especially that provided by male peers. Yet, some earlier studies have found that mixed-sex negative peer support, too, contributes to campus sexual assault...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332490/the-oppression-of-latina-mothers-experiences-of-exploitation-violence-marginalization-cultural-imperialism-and-powerlessness-in-their-everyday-lives
#20
Cecilia Ayón, Jill T Messing, Maria Gurrola, Dellanira Valencia-Garcia
Despite Latinos being the largest growing population in the United States, research has not examined the impact of social structures on the well-being of Latina immigrants; negative social discourse and restrictive laws exacerbate inequality and discrimination in this population. Through combined inductive/deductive analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews, we examined immigrant Mexican mothers' ( N = 32) descriptions of oppression in the United States. All five forms of oppression, described in Young's oppression framework are evident: exploitation, violence, marginalization, cultural imperialism, and powerlessness...
June 2018: Violence Against Women
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