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Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis

Ippei Watanabe, Junko Tatebe, Takahiro Fujii, Ryota Noike, Daiga Saito, Hideki Koike, Takayuki Yabe, Ryo Okubo, Rine Nakanishi, Hideo Amano, Mikihito Toda, Takanori Ikeda, Toshisuke Morita
AIM: We investigated whether indoxyl sulfate (IS), a protein-bound uremic toxin, predicts prognosis after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Serum IS level was determined prospectively in 98 patients who underwent successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ACS. Patients on hemodialysis were excluded. The endpoint of this study was six-month composite events including death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, heart failure requiring hospitalization, and adverse bleeding events...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Shizuya Yamashita, Daisaku Masuda, Hidenori Arai, Yuji Matsuzawa
AIMS: To gain a more accurate understanding of the current real-world management of dyslipidemia in Japan, an online survey was conducted in a variety of physicians from five medical fields. METHODS: A web-based survey with online questionnaire was designed, and members of an on-line information service for physicians were invited to participate. The survey enrolled 500 physicians, 100 in each of five categories: cardiology; diabetes, metabolism and endocrinology; neurology/neurosurgery/stroke medicine; general internal medicine (hospitals ≥20 beds), and general internal medicine (self-employed practitioners at clinics or small hospitals ≤19 beds)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Wen Gao, Jian Li, Huanchun Ni, Haiming Shi, Zhiyong Qi, Shouguo Zhu, Chuanming Hao, Qionghong Xie, Xinping Luo, Kun Xie
AIMS: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide and one of the greatest threats to public health. Tenascin C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is found in low concentrations in normal tissues and is enhanced by a range of cardiovascular pathologies. This study aimed to evaluate the value of TNC in assessing the severity of atherosclerosis measured by the Gensini score. METHODS: A total of 157 patients with chest pains who underwent selective coronary angiography for suspected coronary atherosclerosis were enrolled...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Masaaki Miyata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Zheng-Rong Zhu, Qiong He, Wei-Bin Wu, Guang-Qi Chang, Chen Yao, Yang Zhao, Mian Wang, Shen-Ming Wang
AIM: In-Stent Restenosis (ISR) is the major reason for recurrent ischemia and amputation after endovascular treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). Our previous study demonstrated that miR-140-3p is significantly down-regulated in PAD arteries. However, expression and function of miR-140-3p in ISR of human PAD are currently unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the miR-140-3p expression and its regulative role in ISR of PAD. METHODS: The RNA level was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yutaka Igarashi, Yoshie Nogami
AIM: No meta-analysis has examined the effect of regular aquatic endurance exercise on lipid and lipoprotein levels. The purpose of the current work was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of regular aquatic endurance exercise on lipid and lipoprotein levels. METHODS: The inclusion criteria of the randomized controlled trials were healthy adults in an exercise group performing regular aquatic exercise and a control group not exercising, with a description of the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol, or triglyceride levels provided...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Hidekazu Tanaka
Patients with Stage A heart failure (HF) show no HF symptoms but have related comorbid diseases with a high risk of progressing to HF. Screening for comorbid diseases warrants closer attention because of the growing interest in addressing Stage A HF as the best means of preventing eventual progression to overt HF such as Stages C and D. The identification of individuals of Stage A HF is potentially useful for the implementation of HF-prevention strategies; however, not all Stage A HF patients develop left ventricular (LV) structural heart disease or symptomatic HF, which lead to advanced HF stages...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Ahmed Al-Ogaili, Luis Diaz Quintero, Juan Pablo Salazar Adum, Harry E Fuentes, Joseph Caprini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Rine Nakanishi, Takanori Ikeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Tzu-Wei Wu, Chao-Liang Chou, Yi-Cheng Chen, Yue-Li Juang, Li-Yu Wang
AIM: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process of the arterial wall and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is regarded as its early marker. Several members of the IL-17 family are involved in pro-inflammatory functions. The specific aim of the study was to explore the relationships of common genetic variants on IL-17 genes with cIMT thickening. METHODS: In the discovery stage, 146 SNPs on 11 IL-17 genes were screened for their relationships with cIMT by a case-control study that enrolled 284 and 464 subjects who had thicker and normal cIMT, respectively...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yuanyuan Cui, Huiyu Qiao, Lu Ma, Mingming Lu, Jiafei Yang, Guoen Yao, Jianming Cai, Xihai Zhao
AIM: To investigate the association between the volumes of different aging intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) and minor fibrous cap disruption (MFCD) in carotid arteries. METHODS: Patients with cerebrovascular symptoms and carotid atherosclerotic plaques determined by ultrasound were recruited and underwent multi-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) vessel wall imaging for carotid arteries. Carotid plaques with IPH on MR imaging were included in the analysis. The age (fresh or recent) and the volume of IPH for each plaque were evaluated...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yuri Shijo, Chizuko Maruyama, Eri Nakamura, Rena Nakano, Mitsuha Shima, Asumi Mae, Yuuna Okabe, Sunmi Park, Noriko Kameyama, Satomi Hirai
AIM: The Japan Diet nutritional education program effects on serum fatty acid compositions for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged men brought up in the westernized dietary environment of modern Japan were examined. METHODS: Thirty-three men, 30-49 years of age, attended a nutrition education class and were recommended to consume Japan Diet volumes (more fish, soybeans and soy products, vegetables, seaweed, konjak, mushrooms, and unrefined cereals and less animal fat, meat and poultry with fat, sweets, desserts and snacks, and alcoholic drinks) for 6 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Hidenori Arai, Shizuya Yamashita, Koutaro Yokote, Eiichi Araki, Hideki Suganami, Shun Ishibashi
AIM: To verify the superiority of pemafibrate over placebo and the non-inferiority of pemafibrate to the maximum dose of fenofibrate for determining the percent change in fasting serum triglyceride (TG) levels and to investigate safety by assessing the incidence of adverse events (AEs) and adverse drug reactions (ADRs). METHODS: This phase III, placebo/active drug-controlled, randomized, double-blind, parallel group comparison study enrolled patients with high TG and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yoshiki Tsuboi, Hiroya Yamada, Eiji Munetsuna, Mirai Yamazaki, Genki Mizuno, Yuri Murase, Koji Ohashi, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Mari Kondo, Takashi Inoue, Shuji Hashimoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima, Koji Suzuki
AIM: Aberrant global DNA methylation is involved in the development of several diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). We investigated whether the methylation of long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) in leukocytes is associated with dyslipidemia, a major risk factor for CVD, in the Japanese general population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study consisting of 420 Japanese subjects (187 men and 233 women) without a clinical history of cancer, stroke, or ischemic heart disease...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yoonjin Shin, Soojin Lee, Yangha Kim
AIMS: Sweet preference has been reported to be associated with various health problems. This study examined the influence of sweet taste preference on the risk of dyslipidemia in Korean middle-aged women. METHODS: The study selected 3,609 middle-aged women from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) and classified them into two groups on the basis of whether or not they preferred sweet taste. Dietary intake was analyzed using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Tomotaka Yoshiyama, Kenichi Sugioka, Takahiko Naruko, Masashi Nakagawa, Nobuyuki Shirai, Masahiko Ohsawa, Minoru Yoshiyama, Makiko Ueda
AIM: Neopterin is an activation marker for monocytes/macrophages. We prospectively investigated the predictive value of plasma neopterin levels on 2-year and long-term cardiovascular events in patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) undergoing coronary stent implantation. METHODS: We studied 123 consecutive patients with SAP who underwent primary coronary stenting (44 patients with bare metal stent: BMS group and 79 with drug-eluting stent: DES group). Plasma neopterin levels were measured on admission using HPLC...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Hoichi Amano, Yoshiharu Fukuda, Takashi Yokoo, Kazue Yamaoka
AIM: Shift workers have a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Systemic inflammation measured has been associated with the risk of CVD onset, in addition to classical risk factors. However, the association between work schedule and inflammatory cytokine levels remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between work schedule and interleukin-6 (IL-6)/high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels among Japanese workers. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was a part of the Japanese Study of Health, Occupation and Psychosocial Factors Related Equity (J-HOPE)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Jun Muratsu, Masahiro Koseki, Daisaku Masuda, Yuji Yasuga, Satoki Tomoyama, Keiji Ataka, Yoshiki Yagi, Atsushi Nakagawa, Hidehumi Hamada, Shigeki Fujita, Hiroaki Hattori, Tohru Ohama, Makoto Nishida, Hisatoyo Hiraoka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Shizuya Yamashita
We report a case of Tangier disease with Leriche syndrome and bleeding tendency. In this male patient, nasal hemorrhage had been observed frequently throughout childhood. At 46 years old, he experienced effort angina, and coronary angiography demonstrated 75% stenosis in the right coronary artery. Orange-colored tonsils, mild hepatosplenomegaly and very low levels of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were observed, and the patient was diagnosed with Tangier disease. At 52 years old, effort angina recurred...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Yoko Shibata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Haixia Zhou, Yuehong Hu, Xiaoqian Li, Lan Wang, Maoyun Wang, Jun Xiao, Qun Yi
AIM: The optimal risk assessment model (RAM) to stratify the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in medical inpatients is not known. We examined and compared how well the Padua Prediction Score (PPS) and the Caprini RAM stratify VTE risk in medical inpatients. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective case-control study among medical inpatients admitted to a large general hospital in China during a 4-year period. In total, 902 cases were confirmed to have VTE during hospitalization and 902 controls were selected randomly to match cases by medical service...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
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