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Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701626/a-new-factor-for-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease-computed-tomography-based-renal-parenchymal-volume
#1
Masato Nishimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674325/is-the-association-between-dietary-trans-fatty-acids-and-insulin-resistance-remarkable-in-japan
#2
Wao Tsutsui, Yoshio Fujioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674324/flow-mediated-dilatation-as-a-biomarker-in-vascular-surgery-research
#3
Kirthi Bellamkonda, Matthew Williams, Ashok Handa, Regent Lee
Endothelial dysfunction is one of the hallmarks of atherogenesis, and correlates with many cardiovascular risk factors. One of the features of endothelial dysfunction is the loss of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, resulting in derangements in the vasodilatory response of the vessel wall. Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery is an accepted method for non-invasive assessment of systemic endothelial function. FMD is examined extensively in the context of cardiovascular research, and has been utilised as a routine assessment in large cohorts such as the Framingham Heart Study, Young Finns Study, and Gutenberg Heart Study...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674323/newly-developed-rat-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-bone-disorder
#4
Kentaro Watanabe, Hideki Fujii, Shunsuke Goto, Kentaro Nakai, Keiji Kono, Shuhei Watanabe, Masami Shinohara, Shinichi Nishi
AIM: Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with CKD. Thus, elucidating its pathophysiological mechanisms is essential for improving the prognosis. We evaluated characteristics of CKD-MBD in a newly developed CKD rat model. METHODS: We used male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats, which are used as models for nonobese type 2 diabetes...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674322/oxidative-stress-is-closely-associated-with-increased-arterial-stiffness-especially-in-aged-male-smokers-without-previous-cardiovascular-events-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Tomonori Sugiura, Yasuaki Dohi, Hiroyuki Takase, Sumiyo Yamashita, Satoshi Fujii, Nobuyuki Ohte
AIM: Cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and induces deleterious vascular damage. Oxidative stress is involved in vascular inflammation, the process of atherosclerosis. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the effects of oxidative stress on the arterial wall differ between smokers and non-smokers. METHODS: Male smokers and non-smokers without physical deconditioning who visited Enshu hospital for an annual physical check-up were enrolled in the study...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674321/incremental-prognostic-value-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-high-risk-plaque-characteristics-in-asymptomatic-patients
#6
Kazuhisa Takamura, Shinichiro Fujimoto, Takeshi Kondo, Makoto Hiki, Yuko Kawaguchi, Etsuro Kato, Hiroyuki Daida
AIM: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) findings of positive remodeling (index >1.1) and low-attenuation plaque (<30 Hounsfield units) are recognized as CT-verified high-risk plaque (CT-HRP). Therefore, we investigated the incremental prognostic value of evaluation of plaque characteristics using CCTA in asymptomatic patients. METHODS: Overall, 495 consecutive patients without any known coronary artery disease who underwent CCTA were included in this study...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674320/effects-of-24-week-aerobic-and-resistance-training-on-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-flow-velocity-in-elderly-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#7
Jinkee Park, Yoochan Kwon, Hyuntea Park
AIM: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is closely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in elderly women. Increases in body fat and decreases in muscle mass are closely associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of a 24-week aerobic and resistance training program on carotid parameters in SO. METHODS: Fifty elderly women (74.1±6.1 years) with SO were randomly divided into an exercise group and a control group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652526/comprehensive-risk-management-for-the-prevention-of-cerebro-cardiovascular-diseases-in-japan
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652525/sugar-sweetened-beverages-consumption-positively-associated-with-the-risks-of-obesity-and-hypertriglyceridemia-among-children-aged-7-18-years-in-south-china
#9
Baoting He, Weiqing Long, Xiuhong Li, Wenhan Yang, Yajun Chen, Yanna Zhu
AIMS: Excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) may increase the prevalence of obesity and other metabolic risk factors. However, data regarding the relationship between SSB consumption and metabolic risk factors are insufficient in Chinese children. Hence, we aimed to explore the association between SSB consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in children aged 7-18 years living in South China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 2,032 children aged 7-18 years were enrolled, including 1,013 boys and 1,019 girls...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603219/central-hemodynamics-for-management-of-arteriosclerotic-diseases
#10
Junichiro Hashimoto
Arteriosclerosis, particularly aortosclerosis, is the most critical risk factor associated with cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal diseases. The pulsatile hemodynamics in the central aorta consists of blood pressure, flow, and stiffness and substantially differs from the peripheral hemodynamics in muscular arteries. Arteriosclerotic changes with age appear earlier in the elastic aorta, and age-dependent increases in central pulse pressure are more marked than those apparent from brachial pressure measurement...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592705/smoking-cessation-without-educational-instruction-could-promote-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Shin Takayama, Hiroyuki Takase, Takamitsu Tanaka, Tomonori Sugiura, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
AIM: Smoking cessation is particularly important for maintaining health; however, the subsequent risk of an increased body weight is of major concern. The present study investigated the influence of smoking cessation on the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its components in the Japanese general population. METHODS: This study enrolled individuals without metabolic syndrome or a history of smoking via our annual health checkup program (n=5,702, 55.2±11.5 years)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592707/endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-independent-pleiotropic-effects-of-pitavastatin-against-atherogenesis-and-limb-ischemia-in-mice
#12
Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Ryoko Uemoto, Kazue Ishikawa, Sumiko Yoshida, Yasumasa Ikeda, Shusuke Yagi, Toshio Matsumoto, Masashi Akaike, Ken-Ichi Aihara
AIM: Statins have a protective impact against cardiovascular diseases through not only lipid-lowering effects but also pleiotropic effects, including activation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) system. We aimed to clarify the protective effects of a statin against atherogenesis and ischemia in eNOS(-/-) mice. METHODS: Study 1. eNOS(-/-) Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)(-/-) mice were treated with a vehicle or pitavastatin (0.3 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566564/effect-of-thyroxin-treatment-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-cimt-reduction-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-sch-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#13
Muhammad Aziz, Yugandhar Kandimalla, Archana Machavarapu, Anshul Saxena, Sankalp Das, Adnan Younus, Michelle Nguyen, Rehan Malik, Dixitha Anugula, Muhammad A Latif, Choudhry Humayun, Idrees M Khan, Ali Adus, Aisha Rasool, Emir Veledar, Khurram Nasir
AIM: Research shows that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is related to an increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a surrogate marker of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is controversial whether or not SCH should be treated to reduce CVD morbidity and mortality. This meta-analysis aimed to determine whether SCH is associated with an increase in CIMT as compared to Euthyroidism (EU) and whether thyroxin (T4) treatment in SCH can reverse the change in CIMT. METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted an extensive database research up to December 2016...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552897/are-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-gut-microbiota-defensive-players-for-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis
#14
Hideo Ohira, Wao Tsutsui, Yoshio Fujioka
Intestinal flora (microbiota) have recently attracted attention among lipid and carbohydrate metabolism researchers. Microbiota metabolize resistant starches and dietary fibers through fermentation and decomposition, and provide short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) to the host. The major SCFAs acetates, propionate and butyrate, have different production ratios and physiological activities. Several receptors for SCFAs have been identified as the G-protein coupled receptor 41/free fatty acid receptor 3 (GPR41/FFAR3), GPR43/FFAR2, GPR109A, and olfactory receptor 78, which are present in intestinal epithelial cells, immune cells, and adipocytes, despite their expression levels differing between tissues and cell types...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552852/the-effect-of-n-3-pufa-on-the-development-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#15
Nobuhiro Zaima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539547/association-of-a-low-serum-eicosapentaenoic-acid-arachidonic-acid-ratio-with-the-risk-of-acute-venous-thromboembolism
#16
Shigemasa Tani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515407/comparison-of-the-outback-%C3%A2-elite-reentry-catheter-and-the-bi-directional-approach-after-failed-antegrade-approach-for-femoro-popliteal-occlusive-disease
#17
Daizo Kawasaki, Masashi Fukunaga, Tsuyoshi Nakata, Masaaki Kato, Nobukazu Ohkubo
AIM: A successful antegrade wire crossing for femoro-popliteal chronic total occlusion (FP-CTO) is still a technical challenge. We attempted to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter and the bi-directional approach for failed FP-CTO cases with the antegrade approach. METHODS: Endovascular therapy for FP-CTO was performed in 219 lesions from May 2013 to December 2016 at Morinomiya Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 43 consecutive lesions which underwent endovascular therapy using the bi-directional approach with distal access and the mono-directional approach with the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter for FP-CTO lesions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502920/endostatin-as-a-biomarker-of-basement-membrane-degradation
#18
Yasufumi Sato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502919/adiponectin-and-t-cadherin-a-tree-for-biomarkers-in-st-elevation-or-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#19
Michio Shimabukuro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502918/ability-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-to-predict-the-3-month-outcome-in-patients-with-non-cardioembolic-stroke
#20
Hayato Matsushima, Naohisa Hosomi, Naoyuki Hara, Takeshi Yoshimoto, Shuichiro Neshige, Ryuhei Kono, Takahiro Himeno, Shinichi Takeshima, Kazuhiro Takamatsu, Yutaka Shimoe, Taisei Ota, Hirofumi Maruyama, Toshiho Ohtsuki, Masaru Kuriyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
AIM: Both the ankle brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are surrogates for atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of ABI and baPWV to predict stroke outcome in patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke. METHODS: This study included consecutive patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke admitted within 1 week after onset to Ota Memorial Hospital between January 2011 and December 2013. Baseline characteristics and National Institutes of Health stroke scale scores at admission were noted...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
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