journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025448/cholesterol-levels-of-six-fractionated-serum-lipoproteins-and-its-relevance-to-coronary-heart-disease-risk-scores
#1
Daisuke Manita, Hiroshi Yoshida, Yuji Hirowatari
AIM: Evaluation of serum lipoprotein profiles including triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoprotein, that is, intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and chylomicron (CM) remnant is important to manage coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. The purpose of this study was to investigate CHD or cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores with cholesterol levels of six fractionated lipoprotein classes {high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], IDL, VLDL, CM including CM remnant, and lipoprotein (a) [Lp (a)]} in Japanese healthy men...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980243/analysis-of-serum-cholesterol-efflux-capacity-in-a-minipig-model-of-nonischemic-heart-failure
#2
Federico Bigazzi, Maria Pia Adorni, Mariarita Puntoni, Francesco Sbrana, Vincenzo Lionetti, Beatrice Dal Pino, Elda Favari, Fabio A Recchia, Franco Bernini, Tiziana Sampietro
AIM: Circulating levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are decreased in patients with heart failure (HF). We tested whether HDL-C serum levels are associated with cardiac contractile dysfunction in a minipig HF model. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 13 adult male minipigs: 1) before pacemaker implantation, 2) 10 days after surgery, and 3) 3 weeks after high-rate LV pacing. Serum cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), an index of HDL functionality, was assessed through four mechanisms: ATP Binding Cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), ATP Binding Cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1), Scavenger Receptor-Class B Type I (SR-BI) and Passive Diffusion (PD)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980241/therapeutic-strategies-to-attenuate-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-tissue-plasminogen-activator-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#3
Masato Kanazawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Takayoshi Shimohata
This review focuses on the mechanisms and emerging concepts of stroke and therapeutic strategies for attenuating hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The therapeutic time window for tPA treatment has been extended. However, the patients who are eligible for tPA treatment are still <5% of all patients with AIS. The risk of serious or fatal symptomatic hemorrhage increases with delayed initiation of treatment. HT is thought to be caused by 1) ischemia/reperfusion injury; 2) the toxicity of tPA itself; 3) inflammation; and/or 4) remodeling factor-mediated effects...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928097/intestinal-immunity-and-gut-microbiota-in-atherogenesis
#4
Tomoya Yamashita
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Interventions targeting the inflammatory process could provide new strategies for preventing atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Previously, we have reported that oral administration of anti-CD3 antibodies, or active vitamin D3, reduced atherosclerosis in mice via recruiting regulatory T cells and tolerogenic dendritic cells to the gut-associated lymphoid tissues. From this, it is reasonable to propose that the intestine could be a novel therapeutic target for prevention of atherosclerotic CVD...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904029/coronary-artery-calcium-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-plaque-clinical-use-in-need-of-clarification
#5
Maryam Zaid, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Robert D Abbott, Katsuyuki Miura
Atherosclerosis begins in early life and has a long latent period prior to onset of clinical disease. Measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, therefore, may have important implications for research and clinical practice of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). In this review, we focus on coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque as many population-based studies have investigated these measures due to their non-invasive features and ease of administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904028/prognostic-value-of-eosinophil-to-leukocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Takao Konishi, Naohiro Funayama, Tadashi Yamamoto, Toru Morita, Daisuke Hotta, Hiroshi Nishihara, Shinya Tanaka
AIM: Leukocyte profile has been related to clinical outcome in patients with ST-segment elevation (STE) myocardial infarction (MI). However, whether eosinophil to leukocyte ratio (ELR) predicts clinical outcome in patients who have undergone primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the prognostic value of ELR in this patient population. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 331 consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI for STEMI between January 2009 and March 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904027/retinal-vascular-changes-and-prospective-risk-of-disabling-dementia-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#7
Hiroshige Jinnouchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Kiyama, Hironori Imano, Takeo Okada, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Ryo Kawasaki, Tomoko Sankai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: To investigate the association of retinal vascular changes with a risk of dementia in longitudinal population-based study. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 3,718 persons, aged 40-89 years, enrolled between 1983 and 2004. Retinal vascular changes were observed in 351 cases with disabling dementia (average period before the onset, 11.2 years) and in 702 controls matched for sex, age, and baseline year. Incidence of disabling dementia was defined as individuals who received cares for disabilities including dementia-related symptoms and/or behavioral disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904026/inverse-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-in-children
#8
Noriteru Morita, Isao Kambayashi, Tomoyasu Okuda, Shiro Oda, Shingo Takada, Toshihiro Nakajima, Noriyuki Shide, Hisashi Shinkaiya, Koichi Okita
AIM: Poor sleep has been shown to be associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, in both adults and children. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and arterial stiffness indices in Japanese children and early adolescents. METHODS: The data on 102 students (56 males, 46 females; mean age, 11.9±1.8 years) were analyzed. As non-invasive arterial stiffness parameters, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV) were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904017/what-does-intravascular-ultrasound-illustrate
#9
Osamu Iida, Mitsuyoshi Takahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890885/medication-adherence-improvement-by-using-administration-timing-simplification-protocol-atsp-in-cardiovascular-disease-patients
#10
Sun Hoi Jung, Ok Sang Lee, Hyang Sook Kim, Chan Soon Park, Hyun Jung Lee, Kyeng Hee Kwon, Hae Young Lee
AIMS: In chronic diseases, keeping adherence to medication is very difficult. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of administration timing simplification protocol (ATSP) on medication adherence and clinical parameters of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: 210 out-patients with cardiovascular disease, who were taking two or more pills of any type of medication per day for more than one year, were enrolled and randomized. The intervention group followed the simplified administration schedule of ATSP with two main strategies: 1) moving medication from "pc" (30 minute after meal) to "stat...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874838/associations-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-middle-age-adults-and-elders
#11
Tzu-Wei Wu, Chung-Lieh Hung, Chun-Chieh Liu, Yih-Jer Wu, Li-Yu Wang, Hung-I Yeh
AIMS: Elevated carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a preclinical phenotype of atherosclerotic diseases. There are significant sex differences in the morbidities of cardiovascular diseases and their major determinants, and we explored the sex-specific effects of cardiovascular factors on cIMT by a community-based study. METHODS: We measured the cIMT and cardiovascular profiles of 1579 residents aged 40-74 years in northern Taiwan. Multivariate regression analyses were used to assess the effects and contributions of these factors on cIMT...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840387/serum-non-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-community-dwellers-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-hisayama-study
#12
Tomoko Usui, Masaharu Nagata, Jun Hata, Naoko Mukai, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Daigo Yoshida, Hiro Kishimoto, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
AIM: It is not clear whether elevated serum non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population. METHODS: A total of 2,630 community-dwelling Japanese subjects (1,107 men and 1,523 women) without history of CVD and aged ≥40 years were prospectively followed up for an average of 19 years, and the association between serum non-HDL-C levels and the incidence of type-specific CVD was estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840386/association-of-the-lox-1-rs1050283-polymorphism-with-risk-for-atherosclerotic-cerebral-infarction-and-its-effect-on-slox-1-and-lox-1-expression-in-a-chinese-population
#13
Xin Guo, Yuanyuan Xiang, Heng Yang, Lijin Yu, Xiangdong Peng, Ren Guo
AIMS: The interaction between lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1) and oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) has been viewed as an important pathogenic factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to explore the association of a functional polymorphism rs1050283 in the 3'-untranslated region of the LOX-1 gene with atherosclerotic cerebral infarction (ACI) susceptibility, and we also investigated the effects of the rs1050283 polymorphism on LOX-1 expression and serum levels of sLOX-1 in patients with ACI...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840385/calcium-overload-accelerates-phosphate-induced-vascular-calcification-via-pit-1-but-not-the-calcium-sensing-receptor
#14
Asuka Masumoto, Tomohiro Sonou, Masaki Ohya, Mitsuru Yashiro, Yuri Nakashima, Kouji Okuda, Yuko Iwashita, Toru Mima, Shigeo Negi, Takashi Shigematsu
AIM: Vascular calcification (VC) is a risk factor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD-mineral and bone metabolism disorder is an important problem in patients with renal failure. Abnormal levels of serum phosphate and calcium affect CKD-mineral and bone metabolism disorder and contribute to bone disease, VC, and cardiovascular disease. Hypercalcemia is a contributing factor in progression of VC in patients with CKD. However, the mechanisms of how calcium promotes intracellular calcification are still unclear...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840384/association-of-subjective-and-objective-sleep-duration-as-well-as-sleep-quality-with-non-invasive-markers-of-sub-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-a-systematic-review
#15
Muhammad Aziz, Shozab S Ali, Sankalp Das, Adnan Younus, Rehan Malik, Muhammad A Latif, Choudhry Humayun, Dixitha Anugula, Ghulam Abbas, Joseph Salami, Javier Valero Elizondo, Emir Veledar, Khurram Nasir
AIM: Abnormal daily sleep duration and quality have been linked to hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and overall cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity& mortality. However, the relationship between daily sleep duration and quality with subclinical measures of CVD remain less well studied. This systematic review evaluated how daily sleep duration and quality affect burden of subclinical CVD in subjects free of symptomatic CVD. METHODS: Literature search was done via MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science until June 2016 and 32 studies met the inclusion criteria...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829582/postprandial-hyperlipidemia-and-remnant-lipoproteins
#16
Daisaku Masuda, Shizuya Yamashita
Fasting hypertriglyceridemia is positively associated with the morbidity of coronary heart disease (CHD), and postprandial (non-fasting) hypertriglyceridemia is also correlated with the risk status for CHD, which is related to the increase in chylomicron (CM) remnant lipoproteins produced from the intestine. CM remnant particles, as well as oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) or very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) remnants, are highly atherogenic and act by enhancing systemic inflammation, platelet activation, coagulation, thrombus formation, and macrophage foam cell formation...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829581/enhanced-intestinal-absorption-of-cholesterol-along-with-increased-chylomicron-remnants-for-de-novo-progression-of-coronary-stenosis
#17
Daisaku Masuda, Shizuya Yamashita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803490/impact-of-homocysteine-level-on-long-term-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-stenting
#18
Jih-Kai Yeh, Chun-Chi Chen, Ming-Jer Hsieh, Ming-Lung Tsai, Chia-Hung Yang, Dong-Yi Chen, Shang-Hung Chang, Chao-Yung Wang, Cheng-Hung Lee, I-Chang Hsieh
AIM: The prognostic value of homocysteine (HCY) in patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD) is still controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate whether elevated HCY level at admission predict long-term outcomes in patients after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with coronary artery stenting. METHODS: From the institutional registry of Cardiovascular Atherosclerosis and Percutaneous TrAnsluminal INterventions (CAPTAIN), we enrolled a total of 1,307 patients with documented CAD undergone PCI with bare metal stents from July 2003 to December 2014...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784850/risk-factor-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-older-individuals
#19
Hiroshi Yatsuya, Masaaki Matsunaga, Yuanying Li, Atsuhiko Ota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784849/hyperuricemia-as-a-predictive-marker-for-progression-of-nephrosclerosis-clinical-assessment-of-prognostic-factors-in-biopsy-proven-arterial-arteriolar-nephrosclerosis
#20
Kumiko Momoki, Hiroshi Kataoka, Takahito Moriyama, Toshio Mochizuki, Kosaku Nitta
AIM: The influence of serum urate on kidney disease is attracting attention, but the effects of uric acid (UA) on nephrosclerosis have not been elucidated. METHODS: We reviewed data from 45 patients diagnosed with arterial/arteriolar nephrosclerosis. The renal outcomes of the arterial/arteriolar nephrosclerosis patients were assessed by performing logistic and Cox regression analyses. A Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the impact of hyperuricemia (HU) on kidney survival...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
journal
journal
32231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"