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Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592705/smoking-cessation-without-educational-instruction-could-promote-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Shin Takayama, Hiroyuki Takase, Takamitsu Tanaka, Tomonori Sugiura, Nobuyuki Ohte, Yasuaki Dohi
AIM: Smoking cessation is particularly important for maintaining health; however, the subsequent risk of an increased body weight is of major concern. The present study investigated the influence of smoking cessation on the incidence of metabolic syndrome and its components in the Japanese general population. METHODS: This study enrolled individuals without metabolic syndrome or a history of smoking via our annual health checkup program (n=5,702, 55.2±11.5 years)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592707/endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-independent-pleiotropic-effects-of-pitavastatin-against-atherogenesis-and-limb-ischemia-in-mice
#2
Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Ryoko Uemoto, Kazue Ishikawa, Sumiko Yoshida, Yasumasa Ikeda, Shusuke Yagi, Toshio Matsumoto, Masashi Akaike, Ken-Ichi Aihara
AIM: Statins have a protective impact against cardiovascular diseases through not only lipid-lowering effects but also pleiotropic effects, including activation of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) system. We aimed to clarify the protective effects of a statin against atherogenesis and ischemia in eNOS(-/-) mice. METHODS: Study 1. eNOS(-/-) Apolipoprotein E (ApoE)(-/-) mice were treated with a vehicle or pitavastatin (0.3 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566564/effect-of-thyroxin-treatment-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-cimt-reduction-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-sch-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#3
Muhammad Aziz, Yugandhar Kandimalla, Archana Machavarapu, Anshul Saxena, Sankalp Das, Adnan Younus, Michelle Nguyen, Rehan Malik, Dixitha Anugula, Muhammad A Latif, Choudhry Humayun, Idrees M Khan, Ali Adus, Aisha Rasool, Emir Veledar, Khurram Nasir
AIM: Research shows that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is related to an increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a surrogate marker of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is controversial whether or not SCH should be treated to reduce CVD morbidity and mortality. This meta-analysis aimed to determine whether SCH is associated with an increase in CIMT as compared to Euthyroidism (EU) and whether thyroxin (T4) treatment in SCH can reverse the change in CIMT. METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted an extensive database research up to December 2016...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552897/are-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-gut-microbiota-defensive-players-for-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis
#4
Hideo Ohira, Wao Tsutsui, Yoshio Fujioka
Intestinal flora (microbiota) have recently attracted attention among lipid and carbohydrate metabolism researchers. Microbiota metabolize resistant starches and dietary fibers through fermentation and decomposition, and provide short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) to the host. The major SCFAs acetates, propionate and butyrate, have different production ratios and physiological activities. Several receptors for SCFAs have been identified as the G-protein coupled receptor 41/free fatty acid receptor 3 (GPR41/FFAR3), GPR43/FFAR2, GPR109A, and olfactory receptor 78, which are present in intestinal epithelial cells, immune cells, and adipocytes, despite their expression levels differing between tissues and cell types...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552852/the-effect-of-n-3-pufa-on-the-development-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#5
Nobuhiro Zaima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539547/association-of-a-low-serum-eicosapentaenoic-acid-arachidonic-acid-ratio-with-the-risk-of-acute-venous-thromboembolism
#6
Shigemasa Tani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515407/comparison-of-the-outback-%C3%A2-elite-reentry-catheter-and-the-bi-directional-approach-after-failed-antegrade-approach-for-femoro-popliteal-occlusive-disease
#7
Daizo Kawasaki, Masashi Fukunaga, Tsuyoshi Nakata, Masaaki Kato, Nobukazu Ohkubo
AIM: A successful antegrade wire crossing for femoro-popliteal chronic total occlusion (FP-CTO) is still a technical challenge. We attempted to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter and the bi-directional approach for failed FP-CTO cases with the antegrade approach. METHODS: Endovascular therapy for FP-CTO was performed in 219 lesions from May 2013 to December 2016 at Morinomiya Hospital. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 43 consecutive lesions which underwent endovascular therapy using the bi-directional approach with distal access and the mono-directional approach with the OUTBACK(®) Elite reentry catheter for FP-CTO lesions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502920/endostatin-as-a-biomarker-of-basement-membrane-degradation
#8
Yasufumi Sato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502919/adiponectin-and-t-cadherin-a-tree-for-biomarkers-in-st-elevation-or-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#9
Michio Shimabukuro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502918/ability-of-the-ankle-brachial-index-and-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-to-predict-the-3-month-outcome-in-patients-with-non-cardioembolic-stroke
#10
Hayato Matsushima, Naohisa Hosomi, Naoyuki Hara, Takeshi Yoshimoto, Shuichiro Neshige, Ryuhei Kono, Takahiro Himeno, Shinichi Takeshima, Kazuhiro Takamatsu, Yutaka Shimoe, Taisei Ota, Hirofumi Maruyama, Toshiho Ohtsuki, Masaru Kuriyama, Masayasu Matsumoto
AIM: Both the ankle brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) are surrogates for atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of ABI and baPWV to predict stroke outcome in patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke. METHODS: This study included consecutive patients with first-ever non-cardioembolic stroke admitted within 1 week after onset to Ota Memorial Hospital between January 2011 and December 2013. Baseline characteristics and National Institutes of Health stroke scale scores at admission were noted...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502917/the-role-of-heparin-cofactor-%C3%A2-in-the-regulation-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-maintenance-of-glucose-homeostasis-in-humans-and-mice
#11
Kiyoe Kurahashi, Seika Inoue, Sumiko Yoshida, Yasumasa Ikeda, Kana Morimoto, Ryoko Uemoto, Kazue Ishikawa, Takeshi Kondo, Tomoyuki Yuasa, Itsuro Endo, Masato Miyake, Seiichi Oyadomari, Toshio Matsumoto, Masahiro Abe, Hiroshi Sakaue, Ken-Ichi Aihara
AIM: Accelerated thrombin action is associated with insulin resistance. It is known that upon activation by binding to dermatan sulfate proteoglycans, heparin cofactor Ⅱ(HCⅡ) inactivates thrombin in tissues. Because HCⅡ may be involved in glucose metabolism, we investigated the relationship between plasma HCⅡ activity and insulin resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a clinical study, statistical analysis was performed to examine the relationships between plasma HCⅡ activity, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in elderly Japanese individuals with lifestyle-related diseases...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496047/histopathology-of-asymptomatic-iliac-atherosclerosis-from-autopsy-to-practice
#12
Kensaku Nishihira, Satoshi Yasuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496046/soluble-vascular-cell-adhesion-molecule-and-cardiovascular-disease-an-epidemiological-view
#13
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496045/cholic-acid-enhances-visceral-adiposity-atherosclerosis-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-microminipigs
#14
Sohsuke Yamada, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Tomonobu Yamada, Xin Guo, Kei Matsuo, Taiji Hamada, Naoki Miura, Takashi Tasaki, Akihide Tanimoto
AIM: We have recently established a novel swine model for studies of atherosclerosis using Microminipigs(TM) (µMPs) fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet (HcD). Using this swine model, we re-evaluated the effects of dietary cholic acid (CA) on serum lipid profile, atherosclerosis and hepatic injuries. METHODS: The µMPs were fed HcD supplemented with 0.7% CA (HcD+CA) for eight weeks, and the effect of CA on serum lipoprotein levels, expression of oxidative stress markers, adiposity and lesion formation in the aorta, liver, and other organs was investigated...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484112/association-between-serum-elaidic-acid-concentration-and-insulin-resistance-in-two-japanese-cohorts-with-different-lifestyles
#15
Kiyotaka Itcho, Yoko Yoshii, Haruya Ohno, Kenji Oki, Masakazu Shinohara, Yasuhiro Irino, Ryuji Toh, Tatsuro Ishida, Ken-Ichi Hirata, Masayasu Yoneda
AIM: Many cohort studies have shown that increased trans fatty acid (TFA) intake increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease. However, whether TFA intake is directly associated with the development of diabetes mellitus (DM) remains unknown. METHODS: We performed the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test in two Japanese cohorts: a cohort of 454 native Japanese living in Hiroshima, Japan, and a cohort of 426 Japanese-Americans living in Los Angeles, USA, who shared identical genetic predispositions but had different lifestyles...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450681/hdl3-cholesterol-levels-in-an-elderly-population
#16
Akihiro Inazu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450680/progression-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-two-japanese-populations-with-different-lifestyles
#17
Mitsunobu Kubota, Masayasu Yoneda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Genshi Egusa
AIM: We have conducted medical surveys on two Japanese populations (Japanese Americans living in the US and native Japanese living in Japan) to investigate the impact of westernization of lifestyles on diseases in Japanese people. A 1998 survey revealed that the progression of carotid intima-media wall thickness (IMT) was faster by approximately 20 years in Japanese Americans than in native Japanese. In this study, we compared the progression of atherosclerosis in native Japanese versus that in Japanese Americans using carotid IMT data from medical examinations conducted in the 2010s...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450679/the-combination-therapy-of-fenofibrate-and-ezetimibe-improved-lipid-profile-and-vascular-function-compared-with-statins-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Atsushi Shinnakasu, Kiyoaki Yamamoto, Mihoko Kurano, Hiroshi Arimura, Aiko Arimura, Akira Kikuti, Hiroshi Hashiguchi, Takahisa Deguti, Yoshihiko Nishio
AIM: Elevated level of serum triglyceride (TG) is a characteristic of type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the clinical significance of intervention for the serum TG levels in the fasting and postprandial states in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Fifty patients with type 2 diabetes, treated with statins, were selected and divided into two groups. One group was treated with a combination of fenofibrate and ezetimibe (F/E group) and the other group with statins (statin group) for 12 weeks...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450678/association-of-high-density-lipoprotein-subclasses-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-shimane-cohre-study
#19
Yoshitomo Notsu, Shozo Yano, Miwako Takeda, Masayuki Yamasaki, Minoru Isomura, Toru Nabika, Atsushi Nagai
AIMS: Recent studies suggested that subclasses of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) may be a better biomarker to predict the risk of atherosclerotic disorders. We aimed to examine the association of HDL2- and HDL3-cholesterol (HDL2-C and HDL3-C) with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) using a new method to quantify the HDL-C subclasses. METHODS: Participants were 657 Japanese subjects (434 women) who received a health examination (mean age: 73 years). Serum samples were analyzed by the homogenous assay for HDL-C and HDL3-C...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428451/the-relation-between-serum-endostatin-level-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-healthy-residents-of-japan-results-from-the-kyushu-and-okinawa-population-study-kops
#20
Yoshifumi Kato, Norihiro Furusyo, Yuuki Tanaka, Takatsugu Ueyama, Sho Yamasaki, Masayuki Murata, Jun Hayashi
AIM: To examine the association between the serum endostatin levels and subclinical atherosclerosis independent of traditional risk factors in a healthy Japanese population. METHODS: Among 1,057 residents who attended free public physical examinations between 2010 and 2011, we evaluated the data of 648 healthy residents for whom the serum endostatin level and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) were successfully measured. RESULTS: The median endostatin level was 63...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
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