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Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie

R Püllen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Lena Helm, Katrin Balzer, Anja Behncke, Nora Eisemann, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Patients with dementia (PwD) are a vulnerable group and caring for these patients in acute care hospitals is challenging. Structural conditions and standardized treatment procedures in hospitals often do not correspond to the needs of this patient group. Physicians may not be well prepared for caring for PwD. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to ascertain physicians' experiences and attitudes in caring for PwD or cognitive disorders and their subjective workload...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Barbara Klein, Inga Schlömer
BACKGROUND: Being able to maintain personal hygiene plays a crucial role for independent living in old age or when suffering from disabilities. Within the European project ICT Supported Bath Robots (I‑SUPPORT) an intelligent robotic shower system is being developed, which enables patients to shower independently at home or in institutionalized settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this contribution is the identification of ethical issues in the development of a robotic shower system utilizing the model for the ethical evaluation of socio-technical arrangements (MEESTAR)...
December 11, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Alexander Bejan, Ramazan Gündogdu, Katherina Butz, Nadine Müller, Christophe Kunze, Peter König
BACKGROUND: In the care of people with dementia (PwD), occupational therapies and activities aiming at maintaining the quality of life of PwD, such as reminiscence therapy (RT), are taking on a more and more important role. Information and communication technology (ICT) has the potential to improve and to facilitate RT by facilitating access to and selection of biographical information and related contents or by providing novel multimodal interaction forms to trigger memories; however, interactive multimedia technology is barely used in practice...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Stefanie Baisch, Thorsten Kolling, Saskia Rühl, Barbara Klein, Johannes Pantel, Frank Oswald, Monika Knopf
BACKGROUND: It has been questioned by researchers in robotics as well in the general public to what extent companion-type robots can support the elderly with the fulfillment of their psychological and social needs. Although these robots have already been used in care settings in Germany, research has referred little to this practical experience in order to analyze their impact and benefit. To start to close this gap, the current article reports on the current use of companion-type robots in care settings, on the effects reported by professional caregivers as well as on the role of psychosocial needs in the acceptance and use of companion-type robots by the elderly...
December 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Andrea Kuhlmann, Verena Reuter, Renate Schramek, Todor Dimitrov, Matthias Görnig, Eva-Maria Matip, Olaf Matthies, Edwin Naroska
BACKGROUND: The "OurPuppet" project comprises a sensor-based, interactive puppet that will be developed to communicate with people in need of care during a short period of absence of the informal caregiver. Specially qualified puppet guides will support the use of the new technical development. They instruct people with dementia and caregivers on how to use the puppet and supervise the (informal) care relationship through discussions on a regular basis. OBJECTIVES: The article shows the specific components of users' needs for which the concrete technical development should find answers...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Bernhard Iglseder
The enhancement of physical and cognitive abilities (i. e. concentration, vigilance, memory) has always been desirable for humans. The term pharmacological neuroenhancement refers to the use of legal or nonprescription psychoactive substances by healthy subjects with the intention of cognitive enhancement. To give the most prominent example, caffeine serves worldwide as a natural stimulant. Brain doping, however, specifies the use of illegal substances or prescription drugs beyond approval with the purpose of cognitive enhancement...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Maik Sauer, Matthias Görnig, Karen Voigt, Jeaninne Schübel, Antje Bergmann
BACKGROUND: The German national competence-based catalogue of learning objectives for undergraduate medical education (NKLM) newly introduced in 2015, provides a variety of learning objectives, competences, as well as practical skills for the cross-sectorial area 7 "Medication of Aging and the Aged" (QB7). Against this background an interdisciplinary teaching concept to mediate all required teaching contents should be developed. OBJECTIVE: Can an interdisciplinary multistation practical course in the auditorium, in which different tasks and skills are trained at each station meet the requirements of the NKLM? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation by questionnaire and rating of answers on a 6-stage Likert scale...
December 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Wolfgang Söllner, Christina Wunner, Elisabeth Wentzlaff, Corinne Reichhart, Barbara Stein
Approximately 25% of people over 65 years old suffer from psychiatric disorders but in cases of simultaneously occurring somatic diseases the prevalence is increased. Sickness, loss of important reference persons and life crises in older age often reactivate traumatic experiences from earlier life stages. It can be difficult to differentiate between psychological disorders and the psychological symptoms accompanying somatic illness. The biographic medical history and estimation of cognitive skills within a geriatric basis assessment should be standard in geriatric diagnostics...
November 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
M Cristina Polidori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Jörg-Christian Renz, Matthias Meinck
BACKGROUND: Preventive home visits (PHV) document health resources and risks in the domestic environment in order to derive preventive recommendations. An earlier review did not yield reliable proof of their efficacy for the elderly; however, PHV are used increasingly more as a municipal service in Germany. OBJECTIVE: This article evaluates the efficacy of PHV by means of evidence-based criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Independent of the reason, randomized controlled studies (RCT) and systematic reviews on PHV in the elderly (60+ years) that were published after 2004 were identified by means of searching pertinent literature databases...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Dan Justo, Mark Tchernichovsky, Anjelika Kremer, Erel Joffe, Shany Sherman, Marina Ioffe, Haim Mayan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prognosis associated with statin therapy and its gender differences in older adults aged ≥80 years. OBJECTIVE: To study the mortality and survival associated with statin therapy and their gender differences in older adults aged ≥80 years. METHOD: This was a historical prospective study conducted at a tertiary medical center. The medical charts of all older adults aged ≥80 years who had been admitted to a single internal medicine department during 1 year were reviewed...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Ingrid Hendlmeier, Horst Bickel, Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Joshua Weber, Magdalena Nora Junge, Sarah Leonhardt, Martina Schäufele
BACKGROUND: Mostly model projects report on special care services and procedures for general hospital patients with cognitive impairment. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of special care services and procedures in general hospitals on the basis of a representative cross-sectional study. METHODS: From a list of all general hospitals in southern Germany we randomly selected a specified number of hospitals und somatic wards. The hospitals were visited and all older patients on the selected wards on that day were included in the study...
November 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Ulrich Lindemann, Dawn A Skelton, Juha Oksa, Nina Beyer, Kilian Rapp, Clemens Becker, Jochen Klenk
BACKGROUND: High indoor temperatures require behavioral adaptation, especially among vulnerable older adults. There are uncertainties as to the degree to which people adapt to these challenging conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the degree of adaptation of social participation and other heat-related behavior with respect to higher indoor temperatures. METHODS: In this study 81 residents from 10 sheltered living facilities (84% women, mean age 80...
November 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Bernhard Michalowsky, Karel Kostev, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Jens Bohlken
BACKGROUND: In 2013 and 2014 dementia diagnoses in general practitioner (GP) practices dramatically increased, a phenomenon most likely caused by monetary incentives. OBJECTIVE: Which GP practice-dependent indicators are associated with the increase in dementia diagnoses and are thus decisive factors for the way in which physicians in GP practices respond to monetary incentives? MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, longitudinal analysis of 856 GP practices...
November 2, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
C Wöhl, S Richter, B Blättner
BACKGROUND: The strengthening of cognitive resources is considered to be a preventive field of action within inpatient care. The aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions on cognitive performance in nursing home residents. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out in the databases MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO, as well as searches in trial registries and a screening of reference lists. The combined results were based on meta-analyses in random-effects models...
October 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Madeleine Bachmann, Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Marcel Weber, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Higher age is associated with multimorbidity, which may lead to polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medication (PIM). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether PIM on admission for geriatric inpatient rehabilitation is associated with rehabilitation outcome regarding mobility and quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 210 patients were included. Medications at hospital admission were analyzed with the Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions (STOPP) and the number of PIMs individual patients were taking was determined...
October 25, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Peng Gao, Qiwei Zhu, Suyan Bian, Hongwei Liu, Hongping Xie
BACKGROUND: The N‑terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has an important prognostic value in chronic renal insufficiency; however, most studies have been conducted in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In this study we evaluated the prognostic significance of NT-proBNP in very old patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared its prognostic value in CKD3a versus CKD3b patients. METHODS: Patients (age ≥80 years old) hospitalized with stage 3 CKD from 2007 to 2010 who were eligible for this prospective study underwent follow-up examinations in 2015...
October 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Long Chen, Zhou-Shan Tao, Hui Chen, Kailiang Zhou, Dong-Sheng Zhou
The effects of both alendronate (ALN) and Drynaria rhizome extracts (DRE) alone could promote bone healing in osteoporotic fractures but there are no reports about the combined use of ALN and DRE for promotion of bone healing of fractures in osteoporotic settings. This study investigated the effects of ALN plus DRE on fractures in osteopenic rats. Osteopenic rats underwent unilateral transverse osteotomy on the femur fixed by a sterilized Kirschner wire 2 weeks after intragastric administration of retinoic acid (80 mg/kg body weight/day)...
October 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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