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Journal of Refractive Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264137/report-of-glistenings-does-not-correspond-with-the-definition-of-glistenings
#1
LETTER
Mark Packer, Liliana Werner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264136/phototherapeutic-keratectomy-science-and-art
#2
Steven E Wilson, Gustavo K Marino, Carla S Medeiros, Marcony R Santhiago
PURPOSE: To describe, with videos, the principles of excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for the treatment of corneal scars, corneal surface irregularity, and recurrent corneal erosions. METHODS: Depending on the pathology in a treated cornea, the epithelium is removed either by transepithelial PTK ablation with the excimer laser or thorough scraping with a scalpel blade. Stromal PTK can be performed with or without photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), depending on the refractive status of both eyes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264135/smile-rescue-delayed-lenticule-removal-in-a-patient-with-high-myopia
#3
Jessica Y Tong, Svetlana Cherepanoff, John J Males
PURPOSE: To report successful stromal lenticule extraction, 18 weeks after an aborted small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) procedure. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: SMILE was planned in both eyes in another center to correct high myopia. The right eye was treated uneventfully with immediate lenticule extraction and normal postoperative corneal and topographic appearance. Femtosecond laser treatment was applied to the left eye, but the lenticule could not be removed and the procedure was aborted...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264134/biomechanical-weakening-of-different-re-treatment-options-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile
#4
Sabine Kling, Bogdan Spiru, Farhad Hafezi, Walter Sekundo
PURPOSE: To determine the corneal weakening induced by different re-treatment options after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and investigate the potential of corneal cross-linking (CXL) to reestablish the original corneal stress resistance. METHODS: A total of 96 freshly enucleated porcine corneas were used. The initial refractive correction was defined to be -11.00 diopters (D) and the required enhancement to be -3.00 D. Three different re-treatment options were analyzed: -3D Re-SMILE, -3D photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on top of the SMILE cap, and cap-to-flap conversion and -3D excimer ablation on the stromal bed (LASIK)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264133/why-non-contact-tonometry-tests-cannot-evaluate-the-effects-of-corneal-collagen-cross-linking
#5
Ángel Ortillés, José F Rodríguez-Matas, Miguel Á Ariza-Gracia, Gemma Pascual, Begoña Calvo
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of characterizing and following up the mechanical behavior of the corneal tissue after corneal cross-linking (CXL) by using a combined mechanical (in vivo indentation and in vitro uniaxial tensile tests) and morphological (immunohisto-chemistry) experimental protocol. METHODS: CXL (3 mW/cm(2); 370 nm) for 20 minutes (total dose 3.6 J/cm(2)) was performed on 12 New Zealand rabbits. The mechanical behavior of the cornea was characterized in small and large strain regimens using an in vivo indentation test with a laboratory device and an in vitro uniaxial tensile test, respectively...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264132/influences-of-flap-shape-and-hinge-angle-on-opaque-bubble-layer-formation-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-lasik-surgery
#6
Hung-Yuan Lin, Yi-Ting Fang, Ya-Jung Chuang, Han-Chieh Yu, Christy Pu, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Chih-Yi Chien, Pi-Jung Lin, Steven C Schallhorn, Chi-Chin Sun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of different flap shapes and hinge angles on opaque bubble layer (OBL) formation using a femtosecond laser for flap creation in LASIK surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 138 eyes of 73 patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK with a 150-kHz IntraLase femtosecond laser (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, CA) for myopic astigmatism and compared differences between different flap shapes and hinge angles on OBL formation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264131/ex-vivo-study-of-transepithelial-corneal-cross-linking
#7
Andrea Cruzat, Anita N Shukla, Samer N Arafat, Saleh Alageel, Clara Colon, James Chodosh, Joseph B Ciolino
PURPOSE: To perform in vitro assessment of different techniques of transepithelial corneal cross-linking (CXL) and to compare the results to deepithelialized CXL. METHODS: Transepithelial CXL was performed after pre-treatment with or without penetration enhancers (gum cellulose, 0.44% sodium chloride, and 0.01% benzalkonium chloride) for 15 or 60 minutes. Deepithelialized corneas underwent CXL after pretreatment with riboflavin for 15 minutes, according to the Dresden protocol...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264130/a-new-matrix-therapy-agent-for-faster-corneal-healing-and-less-ocular-discomfort-following-epi-off-accelerated-corneal-cross-linking-in-progressive-keratoconus
#8
Koray Gumus, Marta Gomes Guerra, Sara Homem de Melo Marques, Sarper Karaküçük, Denis Barritault
PURPOSE: To investigate the hypothesis that a new matrix therapy agent (ReGeneraTing Agent, [RGTA]) would speed up the corneal reepithelialization, improve stromal healing, and reduce ocular symptoms after epi-off corneal cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients with progressive keratoconus were enrolled in the study. Epi-off accelerated CXL was performed in all patients. Sixty eyes were randomized into two groups according to use of RGTA eye drops prior to contact lens fitting at the end...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264129/the-effect-of-lens-sphere-and-cylinder-power-on-residual-astigmatism-and-its-resolution-after-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#9
John P Berdahl, David R Hardten, Brent A Kramer, Richard Potvin
PURPOSE: To analyze correlations between residual refractive cylinder (and its correction through lens reorientation) with the sphere and cylinder power of the toric intraocular lens (IOL) implanted. METHODS: An online toric back-calculator (www.astigmatismfix.com) allows users to input toric IOL planning data, along with postoperative IOL orientation and refractive results; these data are used to determine the optimal orientation of the IOL to reduce refractive astigmatism...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264128/small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-for-hyperopia-optical-zone-centration
#10
Dan Z Reinstein, Kishore R Pradhan, Glenn I Carp, Timothy J Archer, Marine Gobbe, Walter Sekundo, Raynan Khan, Kim Citron, Purushottam Dhungana
PURPOSE: To evaluate optical zone centration of hyperopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: This prospective study of 60 consecutive hyperopic SMILE procedures used the VisuMax femtosecond laser and matched LASIK procedures with the VisuMax and MEL 80 excimer lasers (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany). Inclusion criteria were maximum attempted hyperopic meridian of between +1.00 and +7.00 diopters (D) and astigmatism up to 6.00 D. For SMILE, the optical zone was between 6...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264127/extended-depth-of-focus-iols-the-next-chapter-in-refractive-technology
#11
EDITORIAL
Karolinne Maia Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264126/erratum-for-material-analysis-of-spontaneously-subluxated-iris-fixated-phakic-intraocular-lenses
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192594/hoffer-split-bifocal-technology
#13
LETTER
Kenneth J Hoffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192593/erratum-for-retinal-complications-after-anterior-versus-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-a-myopic-cohort
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192592/an-algorithm-to-predict-the-biomechanical-stiffening-effect-in-corneal-cross-linking
#15
Sabine Kling, Farhad Hafezi
PURPOSE: To develop an algorithm to predict the stiffening effect of CXL and to verify the accuracy with results obtained from experimental measurements. METHODS: The algorithm considers different variables: the reaction kinetics of riboflavin diffusion and riboflavin photodegradation to determine the effective riboflavin concentration in different stromal layers; the oxygen diffusion and ultraviolet (UV) absorption to determine the amount of reactive oxygen species as a function of time and stromal depth...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192591/lasik-enhancement-clinical-and-surgical-management
#16
Majid Moshirfar, Naz Jehangir, Carlton R Fenzl, Michael McCaughey
PURPOSE: To review refractive regression and current therapeutic options for patients who have residual refractive error after LASIK. METHODS: An extensive literature search using PubMed was performed for terms such as "LASIK," "PRK," "enhancement," "overcorrection," "undercorrection," "re-lift," "mini-flap," and related terms. RESULTS: The presence of residual refractive error following LASIK is a challenging situation. After excluding anatomical causes (eg, ocular surface disease, cataract, and macular pathology) and intraoperative flap complications, evaluation of the residual stromal bed must be performed...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192590/tomographic-findings-after-implantation-of-ferrara-intrastromal-corneal-ring-segments-in-keratoconus
#17
João Marcelo Lyra, Daniela Lyra, Guilherme Ribeiro, Leonardo Torquetti, Paulo Ferrara, Aydano Machado
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare changes to the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces after Ferrara intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) (AJL, Boecillo, Spain) implantation and to correlate those changes with visual outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective case series study comprised consecutive patients with keratoconus implanted with the Ferrara ICRS. Computed tomography scans of the two corneal surfaces were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively with a rotating Scheimpflug imaging system...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192589/a-critical-evaluation-of-refractive-outcomes-following-lasik-for-moderate-to-high-astigmatism-using-two-excimer-laser-platforms
#18
Sudi Patel, Maja Bohac, Alma Biscevic, Mateja Koncarevic, Marija Anticic, Nikica Gabric
PURPOSE: To calculate the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) following LASIK and identify any association between SIA and the target induced astigmatism (TIA) at 1 year postoperatively. METHODS: The SIA was calculated using the TIA and residual astigmatism values for [A] myopic astigmatism and [B] mixed astigmatism treated with either the [I] WaveLight Allegretto EyeQ 400-Hz (Alcon Laboratories, Inc. Fort Worth, TX) or [II] Schwind Amaris 750S (Schwind eye-tech-solutions, Kleinostheim, Germany) platforms...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192588/conventional-versus-inverted-side-cut-flaps-for-femtosecond-laser-assisted-lasik-laboratory-and-clinical-evaluation
#19
Vishal Jhanji, Tommy C Y Chan, Wai Ying Li, Rayne R Lim, Marco C Y Yu, Kasin Law, Peng Yi, Yolanda W Y Yip, Yumeng Wang, Tsz Kin Ng, Shyam S Chaurasia, Rajiv R Mohan
PURPOSE: To study the differences in early corneal cellular events and biomechanical properties after femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK performed using conventional or inverted side-cut angles. METHODS: In the laboratory study, left eyes of 24 rabbits underwent LASIK flap creation with a 70° or 115° side-cut. The contralateral eyes served as controls. The corneas were harvested 24 hours postoperatively. In the clinical study, 2 eyes of each patient (n = 29) were randomized to corneal flap creation with 70° or 115° side-cut angles during LASIK...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192587/advanced-surface-ablation-with-a-new-software-for-the-reduction-of-ablation-irregularities
#20
Paolo Vinciguerra, Fabrizio I Camesasca, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Ingrid Torres, Emanuela Morenghi, J Bradley Randleman
PURPOSE: To compare visual outcomes and postoperative aberrations after surface ablation performed with a 750-Hz versus a 1,050-Hz excimer laser coupled with an ablation software designed to reduce corneal surface irregularity. METHODS: Retrospective comparative trial of myopic eyes that had refractive surgery consecutively treated with transepithelial advanced surface ablation with a 750-Hz excimer laser (750 group) versus a 1,050-Hz excimer laser coupled with the Smart Pulse Technology ablation software (SPT group)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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