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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

Karen D Liller, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Brian Castrucci, Martha Slay Wingate, Renata Hilson, Dara Mendez, Dorothy Cilenti, Ilana Raskind
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research is to use the Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey to assess in greater detail state injury prevention staff perceptions of policy development and related skills and their awareness and perception of "Health in All Policies" (HiAP). DESIGN: The public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey gauged public health practitioners' perspectives on workplace environment, job satisfaction, national trends, and training needs, and gathered demographics on the workforce...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Ross C Brownson, Amy A Eyler, Jenine K Harris, Justin B Moore, Rachel G Tabak
The gap between discovery of public health knowledge and application in practice settings and policy development is due in part to ineffective dissemination. This article describes (1) lessons related to dissemination from related disciplines (eg, communication, agriculture, social marketing, political science), (2) current practices among researchers, (3) key audience characteristics, (4) available tools for dissemination, and (5) measures of impact. Dissemination efforts need to take into account the message, source, audience, and channel...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Catherine M Rains, Greta Todd, Nicole Kozma, Melody S Goodman
CONTEXT: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes a change to the IRS 990 Schedule H, requiring nonprofit hospitals to submit a community health needs assessment every 3 years. Such health care entities are challenged to evaluate the effectiveness of community benefit programs addressing the health needs identified. OBJECTIVE: In an effort to determine the population health impact of community benefit programs in 1 hospital outreach department, researchers and staff conducted an impact evaluation to develop priority areas and overarching goals along with program- and department-level objectives...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Nancy F Berglas, Nicole E Johns, Caroline Rosenzweig, Lauren A Hunter, Sarah C M Roberts
CONTEXT: Recent legislation in states across the United States has required governmental health agencies to take on new and different roles in relation to abortion. While there has been media attention to health department roles in regulating abortion providers, there has been no systematic investigation of the range of activities in which state and local health departments are engaged. OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate health department activities related to abortion...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Hiroko Mori, Yasuhiro Sugawara, Shuichi P Obuchi, Masaya Shimmei, Ryutaro Takahashi
CONTEXT: The roles of adult daycare services during disaster evacuations in the relationships with community resilience are unknown. The initial 72 hours after a disaster are crucial because people in the disaster area depend on their own efforts or the resources available at the moment until the arrival of external support. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the evacuation-related decision making of the administrators of adult daycare services within 72 hours after the Great East Japan Earthquake and to describe the roles of adult daycare services during the month following the earthquake...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Fernanda Seyr Pozza, Luciana Bertoldi Nucci, Carla Cristina Enes
CONTEXT: For any intervention in a population, we need to understand population characteristics and needs. The School Health Program (PSE) is a Brazilian national proposal for the improvement of schoolchildren's quality of life by integrating health and education areas to address vulnerabilities that affect the development of students from public schools. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children and adolescents and to expound methods to evaluate the nutritional status deviation...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Judy Jou, Marilyn S Nanney, Elizabeth Walker, Rachel Callanan, Susan Weisman, Sarah E Gollust
OBJECTIVE: Preventing childhood obesity requires innovative, evidence-based policy approaches. This study examines the use of research evidence by obesity policy stakeholders in Minnesota and develops pilot tools for communicating timely evidence to policymakers. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From November 2012 to January 2013, semistructured interviews were conducted with 51 Minnesota stakeholders in childhood obesity prevention. Interviewees included 16 state legislators and staff; 16 personnel from the Minnesota Department of Education, Minnesota Department of Health, and Minnesota Department of Transportation; and 19 advocates for and against childhood obesity prevention legislation (response rate = 71%)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Katrina A Vickerman, Paula A Keller, Mona Deprey, Randi B Lachter, Jacalyn Jenssen, Marietta Dreher
CONTEXT: Tobacco dependence is well established as a chronic condition typically requiring numerous quit attempts. Tobacco users are unlikely to return to the same cessation program on their own. OBJECTIVE: This program evaluation examined the effectiveness of using multiple outreach methods to reengage tobacco users in a statewide cessation program at varying time points after their initial program enrollment. DESIGN: Participants were randomized to receive or not receive reengagement outreach...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Lainie Rutkow, Amy Paul, Holly A Taylor, Daniel J Barnett
CONTEXT: Local health departments play a key role in emergency preparedness and respond to a wide range of threats including infectious diseases such as seasonal influenza, tuberculosis, H1N1, Ebola virus disease, and Zika virus disease. To successfully respond to an infectious disease outbreak, local health departments depend upon the participation of their workforce; yet, studies indicate that sizable numbers of workers would not participate in such a response. The reasons why local health department workers participate, or fail to participate, in infectious disease responses are not well understood...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Rhea E Powell, Amanda M B Doty, Kristin L Rising, David N Karp, Avi Baehr, Brendan G Carr
CONTEXT: Nonprofit hospitals are mandated to perform a community health needs assessment, develop an implementation strategy to address community needs, and invest in improving community health through community benefit investments in order to maintain the tax exemptions afforded nonprofit hospitals. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the regional health needs identified across community health needs assessments and the portfolio of implementation strategies reported to address those needs...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Joni D Nelson, Sharon M Spencer, Christine E Blake, Justin B Moore, Amy B Martin
CONTEXT: Because of persistent effects of early childhood caries and impacts of dental health professional shortages areas, the integration of oral health in primary care settings is a public health priority. In this study, we explored oral health interprofessional practice (OHIP) as an integrative pathway to reduce oral health disparities. OHIP can include performing oral health risk assessments, describing the importance of fluoride in the drinking water, implementing fluoride varnish application, and referring patients to a dental home...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Betty Bekemeier, Justin Marlowe, Linda Sharee Squires, Jennifer Tebaldi, Seungeun Park
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the gap between the costs for local health jurisdictions (LHJs) to provide foundational public health services (FPHS) and actual spending on FPHS and to examine factors associated with that gap. DESIGN: We employed resource-based cost estimation methods for this observational study and conducted multivariate analyses with measures derived from secondary administrative data. We used primary data collected from LHJ leaders that depicted 2014 spending and perceived need...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Gulzar H Shah, Sergey Sotnikov, Carolyn J Leep, Jiali Ye, Liza Corso
BACKGROUND: Local boards of health (LBoHs) serve as the governance body for 71% of local health departments (LHDs). PURPOSE: To assess the impact of LBoH governance functions and other characteristics on the level of LBoH support of LHD accreditation. METHODS: Data from 394 LHDs that participated in the 2015 Local Boards of Health Survey were used for computing summative scores for LBoHs for domains of taxonomy and performing logistic regression analyses in 2016...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Sara Wilcox, Andrew T Kaczynski, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Daniela B Friedman, Delia S West
CONTEXT: As social media (eg, Twitter) continues to gain widespread popularity, health research and practice organizations may consider combining it with other electronic media (e-media) channels (eg, Web sites, e-newsletters) within their communication plans. However, little is known about added benefits of using social media when trying to reach public health audiences about physical activity. OBJECTIVE: Learn about current use and preference for e-media communication channels among physical activity researchers and practitioners...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
John Beltrami, Andrew Gans, Michelle Wozniak, John Murphy, Benjamin Puesta, Daphne Kennebrew, Mary Angie Allen, Kevin O╩╝Connor
CONTEXT: Partner services are a broad array of services that should be offered to persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and that are based on a process through which HIV-infected persons are interviewed to elicit information about their sex and needle-sharing partners. Human immunodeficiency virus testing of partners can result in a high yield of newly diagnosed HIV positivity, but despite this yield and the benefits of partners knowing their exposures and HIV status, partner services are often not conducted...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Meryl Justin Chertoff, Michael Green, Carmen Hooker Odom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jing Feng, Michael D Johnson, Joseph P Iser
CONTEXT: Cardiometabolic abnormalities underlie many health risks associated with obesity. OBJECTIVE: We determined the relationship between cardiometabolic abnormalities, sociodemographic characteristics, and modifiable risk factors among adults in Southern Nevada. DESIGN: We included 2415 participants older than 20 years from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys conducted in 2011, 2013, and 2015 in Southern Nevada. Cardiometabolic abnormalities were assessed on the combined basis of blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes status...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
David E Jacobs, Linda Forst
PURPOSE: Occupational safety and health (OSH) risks in construction of healthy housing (HH) have not been examined and collaboration between HH and OSH professionals is inadequate. The World Health Organization is developing international HH guidelines and the International Labour Organization is working to improve OSH in construction globally. METHODS: We searched for exemplary reports (including gray literature) on construction hazards; preventive measures for occupants and workers; OSH frameworks, laws, and regulations; definitions; and HH...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Michelle Macaraig, Mark N Lobato, Kara McGinnis Pilote, Donna Wegener
CONTEXT: An increasing number of tuberculosis (TB) programs are adopting electronic directly observed therapy (eDOT), the use of technology to supervise patient adherence remotely. Pilot studies show that treatment adherence and completion were similar with eDOT compared with the standard in-person DOT. OBJECTIVE: In December 2015, the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association administered an online survey to determine the extent to which eDOT is used in the United States...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Maxwell J Richardson, Daniel S Madrigal, Alexa Wilkie, Michelle Wong, Eric Roberts
Pesticides have adverse impacts on the environment and public health. In response to growing public concern over these impacts, California implemented the Pesticide Use Reporting (PUR) program in 1990. The PUR program is widely recognized as the world's most comprehensive pesticide reporting system, and its pesticide application records are highly detailed. However, the complexity and volume of PUR data require a level of data skills and resources beyond many government agencies, public health professionals, and community stakeholders...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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