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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

Travis Salway, Olivier Ferlatte, Jean Shoveller, Aaron Purdie, Troy Grennan, Darrell H S Tan, Theodora Consolacion, Ashleigh J Rich, Naomi Dove, Hasina Samji, Kai Scott, Everett Blackwell, Dean Mirau, Natalie Holgerson, Jason Wong, Mark Gilbert
CONTEXT: Sexually transmitted infections (STI) and mental health and substance use (MHSU) disorders all occur at elevated rates in sexual and gender minorities. These overlapping epidemics, or syndemics, are exacerbated by challenges these same populations face in accessing sexual/gender minority-affirming services. Many publicly funded STI clinics are a low barrier and provide sexual minority-competent care. These sites therefore may be uniquely situated to address clients' MHSU-related needs...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Ramona K C Finnie, Yinan Peng, Robert A Hahn, Robert L Johnson, Jonathan E Fielding, Benedict I Truman, Carles Muntaner, Mindy T Fullilove, Xinzhi Zhang
Students may lose knowledge and skills achieved in the school year during the summer break, with losses greatest for students from low-income families. Community Guide systematic review methods were used to summarize evaluations (published 1965-2015) of the effectiveness of year-round school calendars (YRSCs) on academic achievement, a determinant of long-term health. In single-track YRSCs, all students participate in the same school calendar; summer breaks are replaced by short "intersessions" distributed evenly throughout the year...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
John J Dreyzehner, Bruce Behringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Man-Huei Chang, Gloria L Beckles, Ramal Moonesinghe, Benedict I Truman
OBJECTIVE: To assess county-level socioeconomic disparities in medical service usage for infections among Medicare beneficiaries with diabetes (MBWDs) who had fee-for-service health insurance claims during 2012. DESIGN: We used Medicare claims data to calculate percentage of MBWDs with infections. SETTING: Medicare beneficiaries. PARTICIPANTS: We estimated the percentage of MBWDs who used medical services for each of 3 groups of infections by sex and quintiles of the prevalence of social factors in the person's county of residence: anatomic site-specific infections; pathogen-specific infections; and HHST infections (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Mark L Wieland, Julie A Nigon, Jennifer A Weis, Leah Espinda-Brandt, Dawn Beck, Irene G Sia
The majority of active tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States occur through reactivation of latent TB infection among foreign-born individuals. While screening of at-risk individuals through community partnerships is recommended, it is not commonly accomplished. A community-academic partnership developed a TB-screening intervention at an adult education center serving a large foreign-born population in Rochester, Minnesota. The intervention was cocreated with grant support by diverse stakeholders through a community-based participatory research partnership...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Michael D Rozier, Simone R Singh, Peter D Jacobson, Lisa A Prosser
CONTEXT: As a result of additional requirements for tax exemption, many nonprofit hospitals have become more actively involved in community health improvement. There is an open question, however, as to how decision makers in hospitals decide which kind of improvement projects should receive priority and how hospital managers' priorities compare with those of decision makers in public health agencies and community-based nonprofits. OBJECTIVE: To understand the priorities that guide decision makers in public health, nonprofit hospitals, and community nonprofits when allocating resources to community health projects...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Clea A McNeely, Sadie Hutson, Tara L Sturdivant, Jennifer M Jabson, Brittany S Isabell
CONTEXT: Law enforcement has been the primary strategy for addressing the opioid epidemic. As a result, the incarceration rate for women in county jails has increased more than 800% since 1980, and most women inmates struggle with substance use disorders. There is a large unmet need for contraception among women in county jails. PROGRAM: The East Region of the Tennessee Department of Health partnered with county correctional facilities to provide comprehensive family planning education and voluntary long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) to women in 15 jails...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Loren Raun, John Pederson, Laura Campos, Katherine Ensor, David Persse
CONTEXT: Houston policy is to dual dispatch medically trained firefighters, in addition to emergency medical services (EMS) units to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases. While believed to improve public health outcomes, no research exists supporting the policy that when firefighters respond before a better-equipped EMS unit, they increase the probability of survival. OBJECTIVE: To inform EMS policy decisions regarding the effectiveness of dual dispatch by determining the impact of medically trained firefighter dispatch on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), a measure of survivability, in OHCA 911 calls while controlling for the subsequent arrival of an EMS unit...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Yinan Peng, Ramona K C Finnie, Robert A Hahn, Benedict I Truman, Robert L Johnson, Jonathan E Fielding, Carles Muntaner, Mindy T Fullilove, Xinzhi Zhang
Expanded in-school instructional time (EISIT) may reduce racial/ethnic educational achievement gaps, leading to improved employment, and decreased social and health risks. When targeted to low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations, EISIT may thus promote health equity. Community Guide systematic review methods were used to search for qualified studies (through February 2015, 11 included studies) and summarize evidence of the effectiveness of EISIT on educational outcomes. Compared with schools with no time change, schools with expanded days improved students' test scores by a median of 0...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
J Mac McCullough, Simone R Singh, Jonathon P Leider
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether health outcomes are influenced by both governmental social services spending and hospital provision of community health services. DESIGN: We combined hospital provision of community health services data from the American Hospital Association with local governmental spending data from the US Census Bureau. Longitudinal models regressed community health outcomes for 2012-2016 on local government spending on health, social services, and education from 5 years previously, controlling for sociodemographic and hospital marketplace characteristics, spatial autocorrelation, and state-level random effects...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Wing Yee Sandy Lau, Sayako Yokoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jacey A Greece, James Wolff, Donna McGrath
CONTEXT: To prepare master of public health graduates for successful application of public health competencies in their careers, accredited schools of public health must identify the knowledge, technical and professional skills needed for practice, and provide opportunities for application of these skills in public health settings. PROGRAM: Practice-based teaching (PBT) is a pedagogical approach where students learn through course instruction while working on a real problem and producing implementable deliverables for a public health agency...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Marco Ghiani, Christopher F Baum
BACKGROUND: Despite an increase in adolescent use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), little is known about the role of tobacco control policies on ENDS use. OBJECTIVE: For aim 1, we examined how trends in adolescent use of cigarettes were affected by the introduction of ENDS; for aim 2, we examined the associations between ENDS age restrictions, cigarette taxes, and smoke-free legislation and adolescent use of ENDS and cigarettes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Repeated cross-sections of the 1999-2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys linked to state-level tobacco control policies...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Janna M Wisniewski, Corey Jacinto, Valerie A Yeager, Brian Castrucci, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Elizabeth Gould
CONTEXT: Public health agencies will likely struggle to staff at necessary levels, given ongoing workforce shortages, the potential for mass retirement, and expanding responsibility. Although the majority of public health workers are satisfied with their jobs overall, it is critical to understand the degree to which they are satisfied and identify factors that contribute to any dissatisfaction that occurs. OBJECTIVE: This study identified opportunities for public health agencies to improve work environments and, in turn, improve employee satisfaction and retention...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
James C Thomas, Bernard Agala, Khou Xiong, Richard Powell
CONTEXT: The link between testing for HIV and obtaining antiretroviral therapy (ART) is central to the HIV/AIDS control strategies of UNAIDS (the "90-90-90" goals) and the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care ("Test and Start"). To ensure that 90% of those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS begin ART and 90% of those on ART achieve viral suppression, service providers not providing all services need to refer patients to other organizations. SETTING: Homa Bay, Kenya...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Kimberly Danae Cauley Narain, Frederick J Zimmerman, Jessica Richards, Jonathan E Fielding, Brian L Cole, Steven M Teutsch, Natalie Rhoads
OBJECTIVES: We explored the definition of health equity being used by public health departments and the extent of engagement of public health departments in activities to improve health equity, as well as facilitators and barriers to this work. DESIGN: We conducted 25 semistructured qualitative interviews with lead public health officials (n = 20) and their designees (n = 5). All interviews were transcribed and thematically analyzed. SETTING: We conducted interviews with respondents from local public health departments in the United States (April 2017-June 2017)...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Caitlin G Allen, Colleen Barbero, Sharada Shantharam, Refilwe Moeti
Community health workers (CHWs) are becoming a well-recognized workforce to help reduce health disparities and improve health equity. Although evidence demonstrates the value of engaging CHWs in health care teams, there is a need to describe best practices for integrating CHWs into US health care settings. The use of existing health promotion and implementation theories could guide the research and implementation of health interventions conducted by CHWs. We conducted a standard 5-step scoping review plus stakeholder engagement to provide insight into this topic...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Melissa F Bernstein, Samantha E Cinnick, Emily Franzosa, Marita K Murrman, Nicholas Freudenberg
Public health workers in local health departments frequently rate skills needed to address social determinants of health among their top training needs. These workers have the ability to impact social determinants of health, but many may believe this responsibility is not part of their job description or that they do not have the necessary skills or resources. Guided by the Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion and employing the case study method of instruction, the Region 2 Public Health Training Center designed a 45-minute, self-paced, online training module, titled Strategies to Advance Health Equity: How Health Departments Can Promote Living Wages, to persuade public health workers that addressing social determinants of health, especially those related to income disparities, is part of their day-to-day responsibilities...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Gulzar H Shah, Liza Corso, Sergey Sotnikov, Carolyn J Leep
INTRODUCTION: Local health departments (LHDs) are increasingly using national standards to meet the challenges presented by the complex environments in which these agencies operate. Local boards of health (LBoHs) might play an instrumental role in improving LHDs' engagement in activities to meet these standards. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of LBoH performance of governance functions on LHDs having a current (completed within 5 years) community health assessment (CHA), community health improvement plan (CHIP), strategic plan, and level of engagement in the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) accreditation program...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jessica P Ridgway, Ellen Almirol, Jessica Schmitt, Lindsey Wesley-Madgett, David Pitrak
Emergency department visits provide an opportunity to reengage people living with HIV (PLWH) who are out of care. We developed an electronic medical record-based algorithm to identify PLWH in the emergency department and inpatient settings and utilized a trained HIV care navigator to reengage PLWH in these settings. The algorithm identified 420 PLWH during the 14-month observation period. Of these, 56 patients were out of care. Out-of-care individuals were significantly younger than those in care (mean age: 38...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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