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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#1
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324567/electronic-health-record-implementation-findings-at-a-large-suburban-health-and-human-services-department
#2
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324566/maintaining-a-competent-public-health-workforce-lessons-learned-from-experiences-with-public-health-accreditation-domain-8-standards-and-measures
#3
Valerie A Yeager, M Kristina Wharton, Leslie M Beitsch
CONTEXT: Public health accreditation is an ongoing national movement to improve the quality of public health departments and the public health system in the United States; however, calls have been made for more evidence regarding best practices in the accreditation process. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work is to provide evidence about best practices in the accreditation process, specifically within the workforce development domain. It is the first in-depth investigation into workforce development using data collected by Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324565/assessment-of-child-lead-exposure-in-a-philadelphia-community-2014
#4
Timothy Dignam, Ana Pomales, Lora Werner, E Claire Newbern, James Hodge, Jay Nielsen, Aaron Grober, Karen Scruton, Rand Young, Jack Kelly, Mary Jean Brown
INTRODUCTION: Several urban neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have a history of soil, household lead paint, and potential lead-emitting industry contamination. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe blood lead levels (BLLs) in target neighborhoods, (2) identify risk factors and sources of lead exposure, (3) describe household environmental lead levels, and (4) compare results with existing data. METHODS: A simple, random, cross-sectional sampling strategy was used to enroll children 8 years or younger living in selected Philadelphia neighborhoods with a history of lead-emitting industry during July 2014...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#5
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283955/effects-of-reaching-national-goals-on-hiv-incidence-by-race-and-ethnicity-in-the-united-states
#6
Evin Uzun Jacobson, Katherine A Hicks, Emily L Tucker, Paul G Farnham, Stephanie L Sansom
CONTEXT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence and prevalence in the United States are characterized by significant disparities by race/ethnicity. National HIV care goals, such as boosting to 90% the proportion of persons whose HIV is diagnosed and increasing to 80% the proportion of persons living with diagnosed HIV who are virally suppressed, will likely reduce HIV incidence, but their effects on HIV-related disparities are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand by race/ethnicity how current HIV care varies, the level of effort required to achieve national HIV care goals, and the effects of reaching those goals on HIV incidence and disparities...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283954/the-local-health-department-mandate-and-capacity-for-community-engagement-in-emergency-preparedness-a-national-view-over-time
#7
Monica Schoch-Spana, Jennifer Nuzzo, Sanjana Ravi, Laura Biesiadecki, Geoffrey Mwaungulu
CONTEXT: Local health departments (LHDs) perform the highly valued, yet time- and staff-intensive work of community engagement in public health emergency preparedness (CE-PHEP) when the Great Recession has had lingering effects on their organizational capacity. OBJECTIVE: Track the extent to which LHDs still embrace collaborative, whole community approaches to PHEP in a historically low resource environment. DESIGN: National survey in 2015 of LHDs using a self-administered online questionnaire regarding LHD practices and resources for CE-PHEP first fielded in 2012 ("The Community Engagement for Public Health Emergency Preparedness Survey")...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283953/content-accessibility-and-dissemination-of-disaster-information-via-social-media-during-the-2016-louisiana-floods
#8
Katherine K Scott, Nicole A Errett
CONTEXT: Social media is becoming increasingly integrated into disaster response communication strategies of public health and emergency response agencies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the content, accessibility, and dissemination of social media communications made by government agencies during a disaster response. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of social media posts made by federal, state, and local government, public health and emergency management agencies before, during, and after the 2016 Louisiana floods was conducted to determine their content, accessibility, and dissemination by level of government and time relative to disaster onset...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278577/evaluation-of-a-dedicated-tobacco-cessation-support-service-for-thoracic-cancer-center-patients
#9
Katharine A Amato, Mary E Reid, Heather M Ochs-Balcom, Gary A Giovino, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Graham W Warren, Martin C Mahoney, Andrew J Hyland
CONTEXT: Cancer patients' continued tobacco use results in poorer therapeutic outcomes including decreased quality of life and survival. OBJECTIVE: To assess reach and impact of a free, opt-out, telephone-based tobacco cessation program for thoracic cancer center patients. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Comprehensive Cancer Center in Western New York. PARTICIPANTS: Current or recent (within past 30 days) tobacco-using thoracic cancer center patients referred to a tobacco cessation support service between October 2010 and October 2012 at a Comprehensive Cancer Center (n = 942/1313 referrals were eligible for cessation support)...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240614/a-measure-of-the-potential-impact-of-hospital-community-health-activities-on-population-health-and-equity
#10
James W Begun, Linda M Kahn, Brooke A Cunningham, Jan K Malcolm, Sandra Potthoff
CONTEXT: Many hospitals in the United States are exploring greater investment in community health activities that address upstream causes of poor health. OBJECTIVE: Develop and apply a measure to categorize and estimate the potential impact of hospitals' community health activities on population health and equity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We propose a scale of potential impact on population health and equity, based on the cliff analogy developed by Jones and colleagues...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#11
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227423/evaluating-the-potential-health-and-revenue-outcomes-of-a-100-healthy-vending-machine-nutrition-policy-at-a-large-agency-in-los-angeles-county-2013-2015
#12
Ranjana N Wickramasekaran, Brenda Robles, George Dewey, Tony Kuo
CONTEXT: Healthy vending machine policies are viewed as a promising strategy for combating the growing obesity epidemic in the United States. Few studies have evaluated the short- and intermediate-term outcomes of healthy vending policies, especially for interventions that require 100% healthy products to be stocked. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential impact of a 100% healthy vending machine nutrition policy. DESIGN: The vendor's quarterly revenue, product sales records, and nutritional information data from 359 unique vending machines were used to conduct a baseline and follow-up policy analysis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227422/assessment-of-the-sustainability-capacity-of-a-coordinated-approach-to-chronic-disease-prevention
#13
Sarah Moreland-Russell, Todd Combs, LaShaun Polk, Sarah Dexter
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines some factors that influenced the sustainability capacity of a coordinated approach to chronic disease prevention in state and territory health departments. DESIGN: This study involved a cross-sectional design and mixed-methods approach. Quantitative data were collected using the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool (PSAT), a 40-item multiple-choice instrument that assesses 8 domains of sustainability capacity (environmental support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, program evaluation, program adaptation, communications, and strategic planning)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227421/an-assessment-of-information-exchange-practices-challenges-and-opportunities-to-support-us-disease-surveillance-in-3-states
#14
Macarena C Garcia, Nedra Y Garrett, Vivian Singletary, Sheereen Brown, Tamara Hennessy-Burt, Gillian Haney, Kimberly Link, Jennifer Tripp, William R Mac Kenzie, Paula Yoon
BACKGROUND: State and local public health agencies collect and use surveillance data to identify outbreaks, track cases, investigate causes, and implement measures to protect the public-s health through various surveillance systems and data exchange practices. PURPOSE: The purpose of this assessment was to better understand current practices at state and local public health agencies for collecting, managing, processing, reporting, and exchanging notifiable disease surveillance information...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227420/us-state-public-health-departments-special-pathogen-planning
#15
Jocelyn J Herstein, Paul D Biddinger, Shawn G Gibbs, Aurora B Le, Katelyn C Jelden, Angela L Hewlett, John J Lowe
CONTEXT: US state public health departments played key roles in planning for and responding to confirmed and suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) during the 2014-2016 outbreak, including designating select hospitals as high-level isolation units (HLIUs) for EVD treatment in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify existing guidelines and perspectives of state health departments pertaining to the management and transport of patients with EVD and other highly hazardous communicable diseases (HHCDs)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227419/lessons-learned-from-the-environmental-public-health-tracking-sub-county-data-pilot-project
#16
Angela K Werner, Heather Strosnider, Craig Kassinger, Mikyong Shin
OBJECTIVE: Small area data are key to better understanding the complex relationships between environmental health, health outcomes, and risk factors at a local level. In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (Tracking Program) conducted the Sub-County Data Pilot Project with grantees to consider integration of sub-county data into the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network (Tracking Network). DESIGN: The Tracking Program and grantees developed sub-county-level data for several data sets during this pilot project, working to standardize processes for submitting data and creating required geographies...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227418/development-and-validation-of-surveillance-based-algorithms-to-estimate-hepatitis-c-treatment-and-cure-in-new-york-city
#17
Miranda S Moore, Angelica Bocour, Lizeyka Jordan, Emily McGibbon, Jay K Varma, Ann Winters, Fabienne Laraque
CONTEXT: Treatment options for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) have improved in recent years. The burden of HCV in New York City (NYC) is high. Measuring treatment and cure among NYC residents with HCV infection will allow the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) to appropriately plan interventions, allocate resources, and identify disparities to combat the hepatitis C epidemic in NYC. OBJECTIVE: To validate algorithms designed to estimate treatment and cure of HCV using RNA test results reported through routine surveillance...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227417/cost-analysis-of-prevention-research-centers-instrument-development
#18
Kristina M Rabarison, Rose A Marcelin, Connie L Bish, Gyan Chandra, Mehran S Massoudi, Kurt J Greenlund
The 2014-2019 Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program Funding Opportunity Announcement stated that "all applicants will be expected to collaborate with CDC to collect data to be able to perform cost analysis." For the first time in the 30-year history of the PRC Program, a cost indicator was included in the PRC Program Evaluation and a cost analysis (CA) instrument developed. The PRC-CA instrument systematically collects data on the cost of the PRC core research project to eventually answer the CDC PRC Program Evaluation question: "To what extent do investments in PRCs support the scalability, sustainability, and effectiveness of the outcomes resulting from community-engaged efforts to improve public health?" The objective of this article is to briefly describe the development of the PRC-CA instrument...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227416/rurality-quality-improvement-maturity-and-accreditation-readiness-a-comparison-study-of-colorado-kansas-and-nebraska-local-health-departments
#19
Abbey Gregg, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, David Palm, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Gianfranco Pezzino, Li-Wu Chen, Peter Manetta
OBJECTIVE: To compare local health department (LHD) accreditation readiness (AR) and quality improvement (QI) maturity in 3 states, between LHDs with varying levels of rurality, and across an LHD staffing-level continuum. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional comparative study that included an online survey administered to LHD directors in Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. The survey included 10 questions assessed on a 5-point Likert scale covering 3 QI domains and 13 questions covering 5 AR domains...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227415/development-of-a-survey-to-assess-local-health-department-organizational-processes-and-infrastructure-for-supporting-obesity-prevention
#20
Ting Xiao, Katherine A Stamatakis, Allese B McVay
Local health departments (LHDs) have an important function in controlling the growing epidemic of obesity in the United States. Data are needed to gain insight into the existence of routine functions and structures of LHDs that support and sustain obesity prevention efforts. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the reliability of measures to assess foundational LHD organizational processes and functions specific to obesity prevention. Survey measures were developed using a stratified, random sample of US LHDs to assess supportive organizational processes and infrastructure for obesity prevention representing different domains...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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