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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757813/estimating-the-economic-burden-related-to-older-adult-falls-by-state
#1
Yara K Haddad, Gwen Bergen, Curtis S Florence
OBJECTIVE: Unintentional falls in older adults (persons 65 years of age and older) impose a significant economic burden on the health care system. Methods for calculating state-specific health care costs are limited. This study describes 2 methods to estimate state-level direct medical spending due to older adult falls and explains their differences, advantages, and limitations. DESIGN: The first method, partial attributable fraction, applied a national attributable fraction to the total state health expenditure accounts in 2014 by payer type (Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672357/refugee-children-s-participation-in-the-women-infants-and-children-supplemental-nutrition-wic-program-in-massachusetts-1998-2010
#2
Laura Smock, Thinh Nguyen, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras, Hema Magge, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe prevalence of growth abnormalities and anemia in refugee children; (2) describe the proportion of age-eligible refugee children enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and (3) identify risk factors for lack of enrollment in WIC. DESIGN: Data were collected from 1731 health screenings for refugee children younger than 5 years in Massachusetts in 1998-2010 and matched to WIC program records...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595578/a-menu-to-evaluate-factors-influencing-implementation-of-obesity-prevention-early-care-and-education-regulations
#3
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595577/what-is-the-appropriate-role-of-interprofessional-education-in-public-health
#4
Hala Madanat, Jay E Maddock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595576/leadership-perceptions-of-endgame-strategies-for-tobacco-control-in-california
#5
Elizabeth A Smith, Patricia A McDaniel, Ruth E Malone
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives of key stakeholders regarding advancement of the tobacco endgame in California. DESIGN: Interviews and focus groups exploring participants' knowledge of the tobacco endgame concept, their reactions to 4 endgame policy proposals (banning tobacco sales, registering smokers, retailer reduction, and permanently prohibiting tobacco sales to all those born after a certain year ["tobacco-free generation"]), and policy priorities and obstacles...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595575/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-short-term-sustainability-of-the-locally-grown-produce-initiative-of-the-hunger-prevention-and-nutrition-assistance-program-in-new-york-state
#6
Marie A K Allsopp, Akiko S Hosler
CONTEXT: The Hunger Prevention and Nutrition Assistance Program (HPNAP) is a New York State Department of Health program. The HPNAP improves nutritional quality of food available at food banks, food pantries, soup kitchens, and emergency shelters through contractual relationships to fund the purchase, delivery, storage, and service of nutritious food. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a one-time fiscal stimulus of the Locally Grown Produce Initiative to HPNAP contractors in 2012-2013 would result in a short-term sustainable increase in the proportion of dollars spent on New York State Grown (NYSG) produce...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595574/federal-weatherization-and-health-education-team-up-process-evaluation-of-a-new-strategy-to-improve-health-equity-for-people-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Rachael De Souza, Robin Evans-Agnew, Christine Espina
Unhealthy housing is a major cause of respiratory health inequity. In-home health education improves health equity for low-income and minority populations with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Yet, outcomes of educational interventions are limited by poor housing conditions. Federal weatherization programs represent a promising source of funding for home repairs. Innovative legislation in Washington State integrates the 2 interventions as "Weatherization Plus Health," offering environmental health education in partnership with the Weatherization Assistance Program for low-income families with respiratory disease...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595573/public-health-resilience-checklist-for-high-consequence-infectious-diseases-informed-by-the-domestic-ebola-response-in-the-united-states
#8
Tara Kirk Sell, Matthew P Shearer, Diane Meyer, Hannah Chandler, Monica Schoch-Spana, Erin Thomas, Dale A Rose, Eric G Carbone, Eric Toner
CONTEXT: The experiences of communities that responded to confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease in the United States provide a rare opportunity for collective learning to improve resilience to future high-consequence infectious disease events. DESIGN: Key informant interviews (n = 73) were conducted between February and November 2016 with individuals who participated in Ebola virus disease planning or response in Atlanta, Georgia; Dallas, Texas; New York, New York; or Omaha, Nebraska; or had direct knowledge of response activities...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595572/transforming-government-health-data-into-all-star-open-data-benchmarking-data-quality
#9
Erika G Martin, Grace M Begany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570502/healthy-people-for-the-21st-century-understanding-use-of-healthy-people-2020-as-a-web-based-initiative
#10
Megan Heffernan, Catharine Q Fromknecht, Angela K McGowan, Carter Blakey, Caitlin Carroll Oppenheimer
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses how the nation's preeminent health promotion and disease prevention initiative, Healthy People, is utilized by key stakeholders. METHODS: A Web-based survey was administered to assess awareness and use of Healthy People among state, local, tribal health organizations and other key stakeholder groups. Follow-up interviews were conducted with a subset of respondents. RESULTS: Awareness and use of Healthy People have remained high among state, local, and tribal stakeholders...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557853/facilitated-look-back-analysis-of-public-health-emergencies-to-enhance-preparedness-a-brief-report-of-a-chemical-spill-in-charleston-west-virginia
#11
Rachael Piltch-Loeb, Elena Savoia, Nasandra Wright, Rahul Gupta, Michael A Stoto
To demonstrate how public health emergency systems can use health systems tools to analyze and learn from critical incidents, we employed a facilitated look-back approach to review the public response to a chemical spill in Charleston, West Virginia. We reviewed official reports, news articles, and other documents; conducted in-person interviews with key public health and emergency response officials and local community stakeholders; and organized a facilitated look-back meeting to identify root causes of the problems that were encountered...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521853/public-health-the-intersection-of-food-security-and-well-being
#12
Denise C Tahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521852/just-in-time-training-of-the-evidence-based-public-health-framework-oklahoma-2016-2017
#13
Malinda R Douglas, Jon P Lowry, Latricia A Morgan
Training of practitioners on evidence-based public health has shown to be beneficial, yet overwhelming. Chunking information and proximate practical application are effective techniques to increase retention in adult learning. Evidence-based public health training for practitioners from African American and Hispanic/Latino community agencies and tribes/tribal nations incorporated these 2 techniques. The community-level practitioners alternated attending training and implementing the steps of the evidence-based public health framework as they planned state-funded programs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521851/a-review-of-public-health-training-needs-assessment-approaches-opportunities-to-move-forward
#14
Brenda M Joly, Fátima Coronado, Brittany C Bickford, Jonathon P Leider, Aaron Alford, Jennifer McKeever, Elizabeth Harper
CONTEXT: Assessing training needs of the public health workforce is crucial for creating professional development opportunities to improve knowledge, competence, and effectiveness of this workforce. DISSEMINATION: Regional Public Health Training Centers (RPHTCs) assess workforce training needs and deliver training based on identified needs. To determine training priorities, several needs assessment surveys have been administered by RPHTCs and national public health member organizations...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521850/root-cause-analysis-for-enhancing-public-health-emergency-preparedness-a-brief-report-of-a-salmonella-outbreak-in-the-alamosa-colorado-water-supply
#15
Rachael Piltch-Loeb, John Kraemer, Christopher Nelson, Elena Savoia, David R Osborn, Michael A Stoto
To demonstrate how public health systems can use root-cause analysis (RCA) to improve learning from critical incidents, the research team utilized a facilitated look-back meeting to examine the public health systems' response to a Salmonella outbreak in the water supply in Alamosa, Colorado. We worked with public health, emergency management agencies, and other stakeholders to identify response challenges related to public health emergency preparedness capabilities, root causes, and lessons learned. The results demonstrate that RCA can help identify systems issues that, if addressed, can improve future responses...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521849/implementing-statewide-severe-maternal-morbidity-review-the-illinois-experience
#16
Abigail R Koch, Pamela T Roesch, Caitlin E Garland, Stacie E Geller
CONTEXT: Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) rates in the United States more than doubled between 1998 and 2010. Advanced maternal age and chronic comorbidities do not completely explain the increase in SMM or how to effectively address it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have called for facility-level multidisciplinary review of SMM for potential preventability and have issued implementation guidelines. IMPLEMENTATION: Within Illinois, SMM was identified as any intensive or critical care unit admission and/or 4 or more units of packed red blood cells transfused at any time from conception through 42 days postpartum...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521848/can-statewide-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-violent-death-reporting-system-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-firearm-related-injury-and-death-in-rhode-island
#17
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Brian Sullivan, Dennis Hilliard, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: National data on the epidemiology of firearm injuries and circumstances of firearm deaths are difficult to obtain and often are nonreliable. Since firearm injury and death rates and causes can vary substantially between states, it is critical to consider state-specific data sources. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we illustrate how states can systematically examine demographic characteristics, firearm information, type of wound, toxicology tests, precipitating circumstances, and costs to provide a comprehensive picture of firearm injuries and deaths using data sets from a single state with relatively low rates of firearm injury and death...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521847/perceptions-of-global-warming-among-the-poorest-counties-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#18
Gregory D Kearney, Ronny A Bell
The geographic position and high level of poverty in the southeastern United States are significant risk factors that contribute to the region's high vulnerability to climate change. The goal of this study was to evaluate beliefs and perceptions of global warming among those living in poverty in the poorest counties in the southeastern United States. Results from this project may be used to support public health efforts to increase climate-related messaging to vulnerable and underserved communities. This was an ecological study that analyzed public opinion poll estimates from previously gathered national level survey data (2016)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498957/public-health-opportunities-to-improve-late-adolescent-immunization
#19
Sarah J Clark, Anne E Cowan, Katelyn B Wells
Seven state/local immunization program managers were convened to discuss how public health immunization programs could enhance their efforts to promote adolescent vaccination, with an emphasis on late adolescence (ages 16-18 years). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's revised childhood immunization schedule for 2017 and a recently proposed preventive care platform at 16 years of age provide a unique opportunity to focus on increasing adolescent immunization rates in this population. Public health officials discussed challenges to immunizing this population and suggested key strategies for supporting late-adolescent immunization, including partnerships between public health and immunization providers; nationally supported public information campaigns; and using immunization data specific to this population to track progress...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494413/the-evolution-of-trauma-in-los-angeles-county-over-more-than-a-decade
#20
Sean Shaohua Chen, Nichole Bosson, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Deidre D Gorospe, Richard E Tadeo
OBJECTIVE: Explore trends in trauma incidence and mortality rates in Los Angeles County. DESIGN: Data for patients treated at Los Angeles County trauma centers from 2000 to 2011 were analyzed for this study. Age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender, race, injury type, injury severity, and mechanism of injury. Trends were assessed using linear regression to determine the annual percentage change (APC). RESULTS: There were 223 773 patients included...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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