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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

Clea A McNeely, Sadie Hutson, Tara L Sturdivant, Jennifer M Jabson, Brittany S Isabell
CONTEXT: Law enforcement has been the primary strategy for addressing the opioid epidemic. As a result, the incarceration rate for women in county jails has increased more than 800% since 1980, and most women inmates struggle with substance use disorders. There is a large unmet need for contraception among women in county jails. PROGRAM: The East Region of the Tennessee Department of Health partnered with county correctional facilities to provide comprehensive family planning education and voluntary long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) to women in 15 jails...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Loren Raun, John Pederson, Laura Campos, Katherine Ensor, David Persse
CONTEXT: Houston policy is to dual dispatch medically trained firefighters, in addition to emergency medical services (EMS) units to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases. While believed to improve public health outcomes, no research exists supporting the policy that when firefighters respond before a better-equipped EMS unit, they increase the probability of survival. OBJECTIVE: To inform EMS policy decisions regarding the effectiveness of dual dispatch by determining the impact of medically trained firefighter dispatch on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), a measure of survivability, in OHCA 911 calls while controlling for the subsequent arrival of an EMS unit...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Yinan Peng, Ramona K C Finnie, Robert A Hahn, Benedict I Truman, Robert L Johnson, Jonathan E Fielding, Carles Muntaner, Mindy T Fullilove, Xinzhi Zhang
Expanded in-school instructional time (EISIT) may reduce racial/ethnic educational achievement gaps, leading to improved employment, and decreased social and health risks. When targeted to low-income and racial/ethnic minority populations, EISIT may thus promote health equity. Community Guide systematic review methods were used to search for qualified studies (through February 2015, 11 included studies) and summarize evidence of the effectiveness of EISIT on educational outcomes. Compared with schools with no time change, schools with expanded days improved students' test scores by a median of 0...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
J Mac McCullough, Simone R Singh, Jonathon P Leider
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether health outcomes are influenced by both governmental social services spending and hospital provision of community health services. DESIGN: We combined hospital provision of community health services data from the American Hospital Association with local governmental spending data from the US Census Bureau. Longitudinal models regressed community health outcomes for 2012-2016 on local government spending on health, social services, and education from 5 years previously, controlling for sociodemographic and hospital marketplace characteristics, spatial autocorrelation, and state-level random effects...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Zahava R S Rosenberg-Yunger, Wing Yee Sandy Lau, Sayako Yokoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jacey A Greece, James Wolff, Donna McGrath
CONTEXT: To prepare master of public health graduates for successful application of public health competencies in their careers, accredited schools of public health must identify the knowledge, technical and professional skills needed for practice, and provide opportunities for application of these skills in public health settings. PROGRAM: Practice-based teaching (PBT) is a pedagogical approach where students learn through course instruction while working on a real problem and producing implementable deliverables for a public health agency...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Marco Ghiani, Christopher F Baum
BACKGROUND: Despite an increase in adolescent use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), little is known about the role of tobacco control policies on ENDS use. OBJECTIVE: For aim 1, we examined how trends in adolescent use of cigarettes were affected by the introduction of ENDS; for aim 2, we examined the associations between ENDS age restrictions, cigarette taxes, and smoke-free legislation and adolescent use of ENDS and cigarettes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Repeated cross-sections of the 1999-2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys linked to state-level tobacco control policies...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Janna M Wisniewski, Corey Jacinto, Valerie A Yeager, Brian Castrucci, Theresa Chapple-McGruder, Elizabeth Gould
CONTEXT: Public health agencies will likely struggle to staff at necessary levels, given ongoing workforce shortages, the potential for mass retirement, and expanding responsibility. Although the majority of public health workers are satisfied with their jobs overall, it is critical to understand the degree to which they are satisfied and identify factors that contribute to any dissatisfaction that occurs. OBJECTIVE: This study identified opportunities for public health agencies to improve work environments and, in turn, improve employee satisfaction and retention...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
James C Thomas, Bernard Agala, Khou Xiong, Richard Powell
CONTEXT: The link between testing for HIV and obtaining antiretroviral therapy (ART) is central to the HIV/AIDS control strategies of UNAIDS (the "90-90-90" goals) and the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care ("Test and Start"). To ensure that 90% of those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS begin ART and 90% of those on ART achieve viral suppression, service providers not providing all services need to refer patients to other organizations. SETTING: Homa Bay, Kenya...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Kimberly Danae Cauley Narain, Frederick J Zimmerman, Jessica Richards, Jonathan E Fielding, Brian L Cole, Steven M Teutsch, Natalie Rhoads
OBJECTIVES: We explored the definition of health equity being used by public health departments and the extent of engagement of public health departments in activities to improve health equity, as well as facilitators and barriers to this work. DESIGN: We conducted 25 semistructured qualitative interviews with lead public health officials (n = 20) and their designees (n = 5). All interviews were transcribed and thematically analyzed. SETTING: We conducted interviews with respondents from local public health departments in the United States (April 2017-June 2017)...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Caitlin G Allen, Colleen Barbero, Sharada Shantharam, Refilwe Moeti
Community health workers (CHWs) are becoming a well-recognized workforce to help reduce health disparities and improve health equity. Although evidence demonstrates the value of engaging CHWs in health care teams, there is a need to describe best practices for integrating CHWs into US health care settings. The use of existing health promotion and implementation theories could guide the research and implementation of health interventions conducted by CHWs. We conducted a standard 5-step scoping review plus stakeholder engagement to provide insight into this topic...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Melissa F Bernstein, Samantha E Cinnick, Emily Franzosa, Marita K Murrman, Nicholas Freudenberg
Public health workers in local health departments frequently rate skills needed to address social determinants of health among their top training needs. These workers have the ability to impact social determinants of health, but many may believe this responsibility is not part of their job description or that they do not have the necessary skills or resources. Guided by the Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion and employing the case study method of instruction, the Region 2 Public Health Training Center designed a 45-minute, self-paced, online training module, titled Strategies to Advance Health Equity: How Health Departments Can Promote Living Wages, to persuade public health workers that addressing social determinants of health, especially those related to income disparities, is part of their day-to-day responsibilities...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Gulzar H Shah, Liza Corso, Sergey Sotnikov, Carolyn J Leep
INTRODUCTION: Local health departments (LHDs) are increasingly using national standards to meet the challenges presented by the complex environments in which these agencies operate. Local boards of health (LBoHs) might play an instrumental role in improving LHDs' engagement in activities to meet these standards. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of LBoH performance of governance functions on LHDs having a current (completed within 5 years) community health assessment (CHA), community health improvement plan (CHIP), strategic plan, and level of engagement in the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) accreditation program...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jessica P Ridgway, Ellen Almirol, Jessica Schmitt, Lindsey Wesley-Madgett, David Pitrak
Emergency department visits provide an opportunity to reengage people living with HIV (PLWH) who are out of care. We developed an electronic medical record-based algorithm to identify PLWH in the emergency department and inpatient settings and utilized a trained HIV care navigator to reengage PLWH in these settings. The algorithm identified 420 PLWH during the 14-month observation period. Of these, 56 patients were out of care. Out-of-care individuals were significantly younger than those in care (mean age: 38...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jungyoon Kim, Hongmei Wang, Lufei Young, Tzeyu L Michaud, Mohammad Siahpush, Paraskevi A Farazi, Li-Wu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient, provider, and delivery system-level factors associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and validate findings across multiple data sets. DESIGN: A concurrent mixed-methods design using electronic health records, provider survey, and provider interview. SETTING: Eight primary care accountable care organization clinics in Nebraska. MEASURES: Patients' demographic/social characteristics, health utilization behaviors, and perceptions toward CRC screening; provider demographics and practice patterns; and clinics' delivery systems (eg, reminder system)...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
James W Begun, Hanh Q Trinh
CONTEXT: Tax-exempt hospitals in the United States are required to report community benefit expenses on their federal tax forms. Two categories of expenses critical to the public health mission of hospitals are the "community health improvement" and "community-building" expense categories. The community health improvement expenses formally qualify as a community benefit, whereas community-building expenses do not. Increasing both types of spending would be consistent with the growing evidence on the effects of social determinants on population health...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
David B Buller, W Gill Woodall, Robert Saltz, Andrew Grayson, Mary Klein Buller
CONTEXT: Six US states have implemented retail sales of recreational marijuana. Training in responsible sales practices has been effective in the alcohol market. An online responsible marijuana vendor (RMV) training was produced and implemented with stores in a randomized trial. PROGRAM: An online RMV training was developed through meetings with state regulators and local law enforcement personnel, curriculum standards published by the Colorado Marijuana Enforcement Division in May 2015, interviews with recreational marijuana store personnel (n = 15), and usability testing of a prototype training with store personnel (n = 19) in Colorado and Washington State...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Heather M Brandt, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Daniela B Friedman, Danielle Gentile, Courtney Schrock, Tracey Thomas, Delia West
CONTEXT: Social media has played an increasing role in the response to emergency situations through information exchange and efforts to promote recovery. Understanding more about how social media users share and re-share information is particularly important to help emergency response entities determine best strategies for expanding reach and impact through social media in disseminating emergency messages. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role and use of Twitter as a response and recovery strategy before, during, and after historic rainfall and flooding in the Midlands region of the greater Columbia, South Carolina, area in October 2015...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Matthew Fifolt, Julie Preskitt, Heather H Johnson, Elisabeth Johns, Karen Askov Zeribi, MaryCatherine Arbour
Alabama's Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting-funded program was one of 10 state teams accepted to participate in the first wave of the Federal Home Visiting Program State and Territory Continuous Quality Improvement Practicum. This article reports methods and results of Alabama's continuous quality improvement (CQI) project and lessons learned in developing CQI capabilities among state and local public health practitioners. The Alabama team tracked CQI data weekly for the duration of the practicum using an annotated run chart...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Peggy A Honoré, Carlos Zometa, Craig Thomas, Ashley Edmiston
CONTEXT: Leaders of government agencies are responsible for stewardship over taxpayer investments. Stewardship strengthens agency performance that is critical to improving population health. Most industries, including health care, and public enterprises, such as education, have policies for uniform data reporting and financial systems for the application of theoretical analytical techniques to organizations and entire systems. However, this is not a mainstreamed practice in local and state government public health...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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