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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

Denise C Tahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Malinda R Douglas, Jon P Lowry, Latricia A Morgan
Training of practitioners on evidence-based public health has shown to be beneficial, yet overwhelming. Chunking information and proximate practical application are effective techniques to increase retention in adult learning. Evidence-based public health training for practitioners from African American and Hispanic/Latino community agencies and tribes/tribal nations incorporated these 2 techniques. The community-level practitioners alternated attending training and implementing the steps of the evidence-based public health framework as they planned state-funded programs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Brenda M Joly, Fátima Coronado, Brittany C Bickford, Jonathon P Leider, Aaron Alford, Jennifer McKeever, Elizabeth Harper
CONTEXT: Assessing training needs of the public health workforce is crucial for creating professional development opportunities to improve knowledge, competence, and effectiveness of this workforce. DISSEMINATION: Regional Public Health Training Centers (RPHTCs) assess workforce training needs and deliver training based on identified needs. To determine training priorities, several needs assessment surveys have been administered by RPHTCs and national public health member organizations...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Rachael Piltch-Loeb, John Kraemer, Christopher Nelson, Elena Savoia, David R Osborn, Michael A Stoto
To demonstrate how public health systems can use root-cause analysis (RCA) to improve learning from critical incidents, the research team utilized a facilitated look-back meeting to examine the public health systems' response to a Salmonella outbreak in the water supply in Alamosa, Colorado. We worked with public health, emergency management agencies, and other stakeholders to identify response challenges related to public health emergency preparedness capabilities, root causes, and lessons learned. The results demonstrate that RCA can help identify systems issues that, if addressed, can improve future responses...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Abigail R Koch, Pamela T Roesch, Caitlin E Garland, Stacie E Geller
CONTEXT: Severe maternal morbidity (SMM) rates in the United States more than doubled between 1998 and 2010. Advanced maternal age and chronic comorbidities do not completely explain the increase in SMM or how to effectively address it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have called for facility-level multidisciplinary review of SMM for potential preventability and have issued implementation guidelines. IMPLEMENTATION: Within Illinois, SMM was identified as any intensive or critical care unit admission and/or 4 or more units of packed red blood cells transfused at any time from conception through 42 days postpartum...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Brian Sullivan, Dennis Hilliard, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: National data on the epidemiology of firearm injuries and circumstances of firearm deaths are difficult to obtain and often are nonreliable. Since firearm injury and death rates and causes can vary substantially between states, it is critical to consider state-specific data sources. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we illustrate how states can systematically examine demographic characteristics, firearm information, type of wound, toxicology tests, precipitating circumstances, and costs to provide a comprehensive picture of firearm injuries and deaths using data sets from a single state with relatively low rates of firearm injury and death...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Gregory D Kearney, Ronny A Bell
The geographic position and high level of poverty in the southeastern United States are significant risk factors that contribute to the region's high vulnerability to climate change. The goal of this study was to evaluate beliefs and perceptions of global warming among those living in poverty in the poorest counties in the southeastern United States. Results from this project may be used to support public health efforts to increase climate-related messaging to vulnerable and underserved communities. This was an ecological study that analyzed public opinion poll estimates from previously gathered national level survey data (2016)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Sarah J Clark, Anne E Cowan, Katelyn B Wells
Seven state/local immunization program managers were convened to discuss how public health immunization programs could enhance their efforts to promote adolescent vaccination, with an emphasis on late adolescence (ages 16-18 years). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's revised childhood immunization schedule for 2017 and a recently proposed preventive care platform at 16 years of age provide a unique opportunity to focus on increasing adolescent immunization rates in this population. Public health officials discussed challenges to immunizing this population and suggested key strategies for supporting late-adolescent immunization, including partnerships between public health and immunization providers; nationally supported public information campaigns; and using immunization data specific to this population to track progress...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Sean Shaohua Chen, Nichole Bosson, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Deidre D Gorospe, Richard E Tadeo
OBJECTIVE: Explore trends in trauma incidence and mortality rates in Los Angeles County. DESIGN: Data for patients treated at Los Angeles County trauma centers from 2000 to 2011 were analyzed for this study. Age-adjusted incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender, race, injury type, injury severity, and mechanism of injury. Trends were assessed using linear regression to determine the annual percentage change (APC). RESULTS: There were 223 773 patients included...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Danielle J Durant, Ann Lowenfels, Jia Ren, Ian Brissette, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of a community-based healthy beverage procurement and serving practices program, and educational media campaign, on residents' behaviors and beliefs regarding sugary beverages. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional population surveys in 2013 and 2014 were conducted, as well as semistructured interviews with key informants. We employed multivariate differences-in-differences regression analysis, adjusting for demographics and weight status, using the survey data...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Rebecca Murphy-Hoefer, Patrick A Madden, Ruth M Dufresne
CONTEXT: Given the high profile, cost, and vulnerability to budget cuts of mass-reach health education campaigns, researchers have cited the need for media buying strategies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study is to fill a gap in the literature by comparing the impact of media flight schedule types in relation to tobacco quitline call volume. DESIGN: The retrospective study was designed to determine whether type of media flight schedule (eg, flighting, continuous, pulsing) impacted number of calls to the Maine Tobacco Helpline, while accounting for number of gross rating points (GRPs), seasonality, holidays, and other factors...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Corinna Klingler, Drue H Barrett, Nancy Ondrusek, Brooke R Johnson, Abha Saxena, Andreas A Reis
Public health institutions increasingly realize the importance of creating a culture in their organizations that values ethics. When developing strategies to strengthen ethics, institutions will have to take into account that while public health research projects typically undergo thorough ethics review, activities considered public health practice may not be subjected to similar oversight. This approach, based on a research-practice dichotomy, is increasingly being criticized as it does not adequately identify and manage ethically relevant risks to those affected by nonresearch activities...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Jenine K Harris, Sarah B Wondmeneh, Yiqiang Zhao, Jonathon P Leider
OBJECTIVE: Research replication, or repeating a study de novo, is the scientific standard for building evidence and identifying spurious results. While replication is ideal, it is often expensive and time consuming. Reproducibility, or reanalysis of data to verify published findings, is one proposed minimum alternative standard. While a lack of research reproducibility has been identified as a serious and prevalent problem in biomedical research and a few other fields, little work has been done to examine the reproducibility of public health research...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Laura C Seeff, Tricia McGinnis, Hilary Heishman
CONTEXT: As the US health care system continues to undergo dynamic change, the increased alignment between health care quality and payment has provided new opportunities for public health and health care sectors to work together. PROGRAM: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 6|18 Initiative accelerates cross-sector collaboration between public health and health care purchasers, payers, and providers and highlights 6 high-burden conditions and 18 associated interventions with evidence of cost reduction/neutrality and improved health outcomes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Katrina Smith Korfmacher, Kathleen D Holt
Municipal housing inspection data can inform planning, targeting, and evaluating interventions aimed at reducing housing hazards (lead paint, mold, pests, etc) that may affect residents' health. However, the potential of these data to inform public health initiatives is underexplored. We determined whether home health hazards identified by city inspectors during proactive inspections of single-family private rental housing are predicted by housing age, assessed value, or location in one of 26 geographic "inspector areas" in Rochester, New York...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Sanghamitra S Savadatti, Erin M Bell, Margaret A Gates, Akiko S Hosler, Recai M Yucel, Ranjita Misra
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, disproportionately affects Asian Indians (AIs). We examined prevalence of MetS using 3 ethnicity-specific MetS criteria among immigrant AIs in the United States. We also examined associations between MetS and health promotion behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To present MetS prevalence estimates by the 3 ethnicity-specific criteria and investigate differences in health promotion behaviors among AIs with and without MetS to highlight the critical need for lifestyle modification strategies for this population...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
The goal of this study was to understand whether Appalachian Ohio hospitals prioritized substance abuse in their IRS-mandated community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and if not, what factors were important in this decision. Analysis of CHNA reports from all 28 hospitals in the region supplemented interview data from in-depth phone interviews, with 17 participants tasked with overseeing CHNAs at 21 hospitals. The CHNA reports show that hospitals in this region prioritize substance abuse and mental health less often than access to care and obesity...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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