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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079647/using-public-health-data-for-soil-pb-hazard-management-in-ohio
#1
John F Obrycki, Tyler Serafini, Darryl B Hood, Chris Alexander, Pam Blais, Nicholas T Basta
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how frequently elevated soil lead (Pb) hazards (≥400 ppm Pb) were identified in existing blood Pb site investigations in Ohio. DESIGN: This study evaluated 3050 site investigations from the Ohio Department of Health for children with blood Pb levels at or above 10 μg dL that contained bare soil Pb data. SETTING: Data were collected from existing databases maintained by the Ohio Department of Health. PARTICIPANTS: All data were de-identified prior to analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079646/public-health-agency-accreditation-among-rural-local-health-departments-influencers-and-barriers
#2
Kate E Beatty, Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson, Michael Meit, James Fey
OBJECTIVE: Health department accreditation is a crucial strategy for strengthening public health infrastructure. The purpose of this study was to investigate local health department (LHD) characteristics that are associated with accreditation-seeking behavior. This study sought to ascertain the effects of rurality on the likelihood of seeking accreditation through the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using secondary data from the 2013 National Association of County & City Health Officials (NACCHO) National Profile of Local Health Departments Study (Profile Study)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079645/the-role-of-patient-navigators-in-building-a-medical-home-for-multiply-diagnosed-hiv-positive-homeless-populations
#3
Mariana Sarango, Alexander de Groot, Melissa Hirschi, Chukwuemeka Anthony Umeh, Serena Rajabiun
CONTEXT: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) who are most at risk for falling out of HIV primary care and detectable viral loads include homeless and unstably housed individuals and those codiagnosed with behavioral health disorders. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model that promotes provision of comprehensive, patient-centered, accessible, coordinated, and quality care for patients. This initiative provided patient navigation to HIV-positive homeless and unstably housed individuals codiagnosed with a mental health or substance use disorder as a means to create an adapted PCMH to meet the specific needs of this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079644/functional-characteristics-of-health-coalitions-in-local-public-health-systems-exploring-the-function-of-county-health-councils-in-tennessee
#4
Priscilla Barnes, Paul Erwin, Ramal Moonesinghe, Ashley Brooks, Erik L Carlton, Bruce Behringer
CONTEXT: Partnerships are emerging as critically important vehicles for addressing health in local communities. Coalitions involving local health departments can be viewed as the embodiment of a local public health system. Although it is known that these networks are heavily involved in assessment and community planning activities, limited studies have evaluated whether health coalitions are functioning at an optimal capacity. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the extent to which health coalitions met or exceeded expectations for building functional capacity within their respective networks...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079643/validation-of-retention-in-hiv-care-status-using-the-new-york-city-hiv-surveillance-registry-and-clinical-care-data-from-a-large-hiv-care-center
#5
Rituparna Pati, Rebekkah S Robbins, Sarah L Braunstein
CONTEXT: Improving retention in care is a key element of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS). However, definitions for measuring retention in care are not standardized. OBJECTIVE: To compare measures of retention based on both clinic visit data and HIV laboratory surveillance data. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: New York City (NYC), New York. PARTICIPANTS: We matched adult patients with HIV infection seen at the Spencer Cox Center for Health (SCC) in 2010 or 2011 with the NYC HIV Surveillance Registry...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079642/an-evaluation-of-a-competency-based-public-health-training-program-for-public-health-professionals-in-kansas
#6
Kyrah K Brown, JʼVonnah Maryman, Tracie Collins
CONTEXT: Less than one-third of the US public health workforce has formal training in public health. Academic-public health agency partnerships aimed at addressing the nation's workforce challenges have shown great promise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a piloted competency-based public health training program formed out of an academic-public health agency partnership. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design using pre- and postworkshop surveys and quizzes, open-ended questions, and document review...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009694/can-emergency-department-hospital-discharge-and-death-data-be-used-to-monitor-burden-of-drug-overdose-in-rhode-island
#7
Yongwen Jiang, James V McDonald, Jennifer Koziol, Meghan McCormick, Samara Viner-Brown, Nicole Alexander-Scott
CONTEXT: Drug overdoses are a growing public health problem in the United States. Rhode Island is also confronted with a serious epidemic of drug overdose deaths and ranks sixth worst in the United States for age-adjusted drug overdose death rate. OBJECTIVE: To monitor trends of drug overdose-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths and classify the drug overdoses by demographics, discharge status, intent, and specific drug involved to plan for health care resource allocation, mental health services, drug abuse treatment, prevention, and policies...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997483/familial-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-cluster-among-an-african-american-family
#8
Matthew G Johnson, Kristy K Bradley, Rebecca L Coffman, Ermias D Belay
Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (fCJD) results from inheritance of mutations in the prion protein gene. Confirming fCJD diagnosis is essential for informing persons of their potential hereditary risk and for genetic counseling to support personal decisions for genetic testing and family planning. We describe a case of fCJD that was linked to a large cluster of African Americans with fCJD identified through a public health investigation, including 8 confirmed cases and 13 suspected cases involving 7 generations in 1 family...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997482/bringing-healthy-aging-to-scale-a-randomized-trial-of-a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-increase-adoption-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-by-community-partners
#9
James H Ford, Betsy Abramson, Meg Wise, Melissa Dattalo, Jane E Mahoney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement intervention to increase delivery of 2 evidence-based health promotion workshops, Stepping On and Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP), in rural communities. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized wait-list control group design. SETTING: Rural Wisconsin counties with trained workshop leaders but no workshops in the prior year were eligible to participate. INTERVENTION: Sixteen counties were randomized to receive the NIATx intervention or wait-list control...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997481/state-level-surveillance-of-underinsurance-and-health-care-related-financial-burden
#10
Dora M Dumont, Junhie Oh, Tara Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has reduced uninsurance, but underinsurance, health care-related financial burden, and dental uninsurance may not follow suit. Underinsurance is associated with reduced access to care, household debt, and bankruptcy but has been difficult to track without economic data. METHODS: We used readily available state-level survey data to build a model that states can adopt to implement surveillance over underinsurance and health care-related financial burden, as well as assess related disparities and health profiles...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997480/health-care-provider-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-reporting-diseases-and-events-to-public-health-authorities-in-tennessee
#11
Mary-Margaret A Fill, Rendi Murphree, April C Pettit
CONTEXT: In the United States, state laws require health care providers to report specific diseases and events to public health authorities, a fundamental facet of disease surveillance. However, reporting by providers is often inconsistent, infrequent, and delayed. OBJECTIVE: To examine knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding provider disease reporting and to understand current barriers to provider disease reporting. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted via an anonymous, standardized electronic survey...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997479/potential-for-pharmacy-public-health-collaborations-using-pharmacy-based-point-of-care-testing-services-for-infectious-diseases
#12
Paul O Gubbins, Michael E Klepser, Alex J Adams, David M Jacobs, Kelly M Percival, Gregory B Tallman
CONTEXT: Health care professionals must continually identify collaborative ways to combat antibiotic resistance while improving community health and health care delivery. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA)-waived point-of-care (POC) testing (POCT) services for infectious disease conducted in community pharmacies provide a means for pharmacists to collaborate with prescribers and/or public health officials combating antibiotic resistance while improving community health and health care delivery...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997478/establishing-a-baseline-community-benefit-spending-by-not-for-profit-hospitals-prior-to-implementation-of-the-affordable-care-act
#13
Jonathon P Leider, Greg J Tung, Richard C Lindrooth, Emily K Johnson, Rose Hardy, Brian C Castrucci
CONTEXT: Community Benefit spending by not-for-profit hospitals has served as a critical, formalized part of the nation's safety net for almost 50 years. This has occurred mostly through charity care. This article examines how not-for-profit hospitals spent Community Benefit dollars prior to full implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). METHODS: Using data from 2009 to 2012 hospital tax and other governmental filings, we constructed national, hospital-referral-region, and facility-level estimates of Community Benefit spending...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997477/an-examination-of-the-self-directed-online-leadership-learning-choices-of-public-health-professionals-the-maternal-and-child-health-public-health-leadership-institute-experience
#14
Claudia S P Fernandez, Cheryl C Noble, Elizabeth T Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the self-selected asynchronous leadership module-based learning choices of public health professionals participating in the Maternal and Child Health Public Health Leadership Institute (MCH PHLI). METHODS: Online module completion and evaluation data were used to determine the topics most utilized by the Fellows; whether the topics and mode of training were acceptable, relevant, and practical; and whether participant characteristics explained any usage patterns...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997476/facilitating-community-health-improvement-capacity-through-nongovernmental-public-health-partners
#15
Angela L Carman, Margaret L McGladrey
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Facilitating the Community Health Improvement Process training in increasing the capacity of nongovernmental public health partners to serve as facilitators and supporters of community health improvement coalitions. Ten members of WellCare Advocacy and Community-Based Program teams (CommUnity Advocates) serving communities across the country were identified to participate in the pilot training group. They completed pre- and posttraining surveys to evaluate knowledge of community health improvement process models and facilitation techniques, as well as qualitative interviews to assess use of training material 6 months after the training...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997475/diabetes-among-people-with-tuberculosis-hiv-infection-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-and-stds-in-new-york-city-2006-2010
#16
Ann Drobnik, Alexander Breskin, Jennifer Fuld, Christine Chan, James Hadler, Bahman Tabaei, Natalie Stennis, Shama Ahuja, Winfred Wu, Jay K Varma
Matching infectious disease surveillance data has become a routine activity for many health departments. With the increasing focus on chronic disease, it is also useful to explore opportunities to match infectious and chronic disease surveillance data. To understand the burden of diabetes in New York City (NYC), adults with select infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV infection, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, chlamydial infection, gonorrhea, and syphilis) reported between 2006 and 2010 were matched with hemoglobin A1c results reported in the same period...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997474/the-effects-of-a-park-awareness-campaign-on-rural-park-use-and-physical-activity
#17
Jorge A Banda, Steven P Hooker, Sara Wilcox, Natalie Colabianchi, Andrew T Kaczynski, James Hussey
To examine the effects of a park awareness campaign on park use in 6 community parks. One-group pretest-posttest design. Six community parks located in a South Carolina county. Children, adolescents, and adults observed in community parks. A 1-month awareness campaign that culminated in single 1.5-hour events at 6 parks in April 2011 and May 2011. The System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities was used to objectively measure park use in May 2010 (baseline) and May 2011 (postcampaign). Zero-inflated Poisson models tested whether the number of total park users and the number of park users engaged in sedentary, walking, and vigorous activities differed by observation date...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997473/impact-of-state-legislation-on-hospital-breastfeeding-support-in-new-york
#18
Barbara A Dennison, Trang Q Nguyen, Changning Xu, Wei Fan, Janine M Jurkowski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether 2 state mandates, both implemented in 2010, had an impact on NY hospitals providing maternity care. Specifically, we measured changes in hospital staff's awareness, attitudes, and promotion of breastfeeding (BF), maternity care practices, and hospital breastfeeding policies and tested whether they were related to implementation of the Breastfeeding Mothers' Bill of Rights or the mandate for public reporting of hospital-specific BF measures...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798531/20-years-of-public-health-economics-and-decision-sciences-at-the-us-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-the-cdc-steven-m-teutsch-prevention-effectiveness-fellowship-1995-2015
#19
Adam G Skelton, Martin I Meltzer
The CDC Steven M. Teutsch Prevention Effectiveness Fellowship was started in 1995 to provide postdoctoral training in public health economics. This article describes the origins and state of the fellowship and the practice of prevention effectiveness research at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The fellowship can be seen as one successful example of a demand-driven public health innovation to develop crucial capacity for the contemporary health system. Nearly 150 individuals have been trained through the program since its inception...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26672404/quality-of-hiv-testing-data-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-a-national-data-quality-assessment-and-feedback-system
#20
John Beltrami, Guoshen Wang, Hussain R Usman, Lillian Lin
CONTEXT: In 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) implemented a national data quality assessment and feedback system for CDC-funded HIV testing program data. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to analyze data quality before and after feedback. DESIGN: Coinciding with required quarterly data submissions to CDC, each health department received data quality feedback reports and a call with CDC to discuss the reports. Data from 2008 to 2011 were analyzed...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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