Read by QxMD icon Read

Skin Research and Technology

D Hui, J Hong-Yan, X Ai-E
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
K Lee, M Kim, O Lee, K Kim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A problem in skin rendering with haptic feedback is the reconstruction of accurate 3D skin surfaces from stereo skin images to be used for touch interactions. This problem also encompasses the issue of how to accurately remove haptic spatial noise caused by the construction of disparity maps from stereo skin images, while minimizing the loss of the original skin roughness for cloning real tough textures without errors. Since the haptic device is very sensitive to high frequencies, even small amounts of noise can cause serious system errors including mechanical oscillations and unexpected exerting forces...
January 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
A Zapletalova, V Pata, R Janis, K Kejlova, P Stoklasek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article is to present a new methodology for assessment of skin topology using a three-dimensional image (3D). METHODS: The measurement of the skin surface roughness is based on 3D scanning of silicone replicas by chromatic aberration length technique in a contactless manner, i.e. by a polychromatic light beam. Analysis of the skin surface reprints was performed using Talymap, Gold version. Results were analysed by fractal geometry, which allows to evaluate changes of the skin surface before and after application of cosmetics and instrumental cosmetological techniques...
January 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
W Lei, X Ai-E
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
K-P Wilhelm, D Wilhelm, S Bielfeldt
BACKGROUND: The healing of wounds has always provided challenges for the medical community whether chronic or acute. Understanding the processes which enable wounds to heal is primarily carried out by the use of models, in vitro, animal and human. It is generally accepted that the use of human models offers the best opportunity to understand the factors that influence wound healing as well as to evaluate efficacy of treatments applied to wounds. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to provide an overview of the different methodologies that are currently used to experimentally induce wounds of various depths in human volunteers and examines the information that may be gained from them...
February 2017: Skin Research and Technology
M Nomura, D Velleman, J Pierre, F Flament
BACKGROUND: A new electro-mechanical device for measuring the lateral stiffness of the skin is now available. It basically allows to recording the forces that the skin opposes to a lateral displacement (1-2 mm) of a pinching type movement. Preliminary assays of this device to various skin sites and an artificial substrate aimed at defining its major characteristics (sensitivity, reproducibility, variations according to skin site). METHODS: The calibration of the device (Khelometer(®) ) and assessment of its reproducibility were carried out through the use of elastometer substrates of various stiffness's...
November 29, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
R Kaur, R LeAnder, N K Mishra, J R Hagerty, R Kasmi, R J Stanley, M E Celebi, W V Stoecker
PURPOSE: Algorithms employed for pigmented lesion segmentation perform poorly on dermoscopy images of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the most common skin cancer. The main objective was to develop better methods for BCC segmentation. METHODS: Fifteen thresholding methods were implemented for BCC lesion segmentation. We propose two error metrics that better measure the type II error: Relative XOR Error and Lesion Capture Ratio. RESULTS: On training/test sets of 305 and 34 BCC images, respectively, five new techniques outperform two state-of-the-art methods used in segmentation of melanomas, based on the new error metrics...
November 28, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
R G Shah, M C Pierce, F H Silver
BACKGROUND: Collagenous tissues store, transmit and dissipate elastic energy during mechanical deformation. In skin, mechanical energy is stored during loading and then is dissipated, which protects skin from mechanical failure. Thus, energy storage (elastic properties) and dissipation (viscous properties) are important characteristics of extracellular matrices (ECMs) that support the cyclic loading of ECMs without tissue failure. METHODS: Uniaxial stress-strain measurements on decellularized human dermis have been made and compared to results of a non-destructive technique involving optical coherence tomography (OCT) combined with vibrational analysis...
November 27, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
A Shaiek, F Flament, G François, V Lefebvre-Descamps, C Barla, M Vicic, F Giron, R Bazin
BACKGROUND: Facial skin pores (FSP) are common and benign signs that generate frequent esthetic concerns or complaints. Despite their worldwide prevalence, related literature remains scarce. Hence, a new device has been developed and applied to validating studies, aiming at best describing FSP as they are self-perceived, i.e. their anatomic features, their possible alterations with age and their appearance after application of a make-up product. METHODS: Dermascore+(®) is an imaging device dedicated to a direct observation and acquisition of various characteristics of the skin surface...
November 25, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
C Rosado, F Antunes, R Barbosa, R Fernando, M Estudante, H N Silva, L M Rodrigues
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Human skin anisotropy is difficult to quantify. The Cutiscan(®) , is allegedly, the first biometrical system to provide information on the elastic and viscoelastic properties, as well as on anisotropy and directionality of the human skin in vivo. Thus, this study aims to contribute to characterize this new device and its applicability, and to compare its behavior with two other well-known devices-the Cutometer(®) and the Reviscometer(®) . METHODS: Measurements were conducted with each device in three different anatomical sites (forehead, forearm and leg) of 20 female volunteers engaged after informed consent...
November 24, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
C Fink, H A Haenssle
BACKGROUND: While the excisional biopsy and histological examination of suspicious lesions remains the current gold standard for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma (CM), there is a demand for more objective and non-invasive examination methods that may support clinicians in their decision when to biopsy or not. METHODS: This review is based on publications and guidelines retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and MEDLINE and focused on non-invasive diagnostic strategies for detecting melanoma...
November 22, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
H Nishimura, I Okuda, N Kunizawa, T Inoue, Y Nakajima, S Amano
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Photograph-based visual scoring has been used for evaluation of facial morphological changes. Here, we describe a three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) method for objective analysis of facial and intra-facial (subcutaneous) changes. The effects of facial massage were examined using both methods. METHODS: Subjects were 12 healthy female volunteers without facial scars or deformation (age 30-54 years, mean 39.4 years). Photograph-based scoring of massage-induced morphological changes was done at the nasolabial folds, upper, lower and lateral cheeks and lower eyelids...
November 22, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
L Davies, P Chappell, T Melvin
BACKGROUND: Electrical signals are recorded from and sent into the body via the skin in a number of applications. In practice, skin is often hydrated with liquids having different conductivities so a model was produced in order to determine the relationship between skin impedance and conductivity. METHODS: A model representing the skin was subjected to a variety of electrical signals. The parts of the model representing the stratum corneum were given different conductivities to represent different levels of hydration...
November 22, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
C Deroy, M Destrade, A Mc Alinden, A Ní Annaidh
BACKGROUND: Since their discovery by Karl Langer in the 19th Century, Skin Tension Lines (STLs) have been used by surgeons to decide the location and orientation of an incision. Although these lines are patient-specific, most surgeons rely on generic maps to determine their orientation. Beyond the imprecise pinch test, there remains no accepted method for determining STLs in vivo. METHODS: (i) The speed of an elastic motion travelling radially on the skin of canine cadavers was measured with a commercial device called the Reviscometer(®) ...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
F Bianconi, E Chirikhina, F Smeraldi, C Bontozoglou, P Xiao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We investigate the use of skin texture features from the inner forearm as a means for personal identification. The forearm offers a number of potential advantages in that it is a fairly accessible area, and, compared with other zones such as fingertips, is less exposed to the elements and more shielded from wear. METHODS: We extract and combine skin textural features from two imaging devices (optical and capacitive) with the aim of discriminating between different individuals...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
K J Ahn, B J Kim, S B Cho
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated. METHODS: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. RESULTS: A Q-switched (QS) neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser was used at settings of 532-, 660-, and 1064-nm wavelengths, single-pulse and quick pulse-to-pulse treatment modes, and spot sizes of 4 and 7 mm...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
N N I N Ibrahim, A H G Rasool
BACKGROUND: Pulse wave analysis (PWA) and laser Doppler fluximetry (LDF) are non-invasive methods of assessing macrovascular endothelial function and microvascular reactivity respectively. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between macrovascular endothelial function assessed by PWA and microvascular reactivity assessed by LDF. METHOD: 297 healthy and non-smoking subjects (159 females, mean age (±SD) 23.56 ± 4.54 years) underwent microvascular reactivity assessment using LDF followed by macrovascular endothelial function assessments using PWA...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
J-H Park, S-D Lim, S H Oh, J H Lee, U C Yeo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been used for skin tightening. However, there is a rising concern of irreversible adverse effects. Our aim was to evaluate the depth of thermal injury zone after HIFU energy passes through different condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To analyze the consistency of the HIFU device, phantom tests were performed. Simulations were performed on ex vivo porcine tissues to estimate the area of the thermal coagulation point (TCP) according to the applied energy and skin condition...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
K Mizukoshi, K Hirayama
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Despite recent progress in non-invasive measurement methods, such as in vivo laser confocal microscopy (CLSM), it is difficult to quantitatively measure age-related changes in dermal fibrous structures in the face using these methods and qualitative characteristics. We used characteristics extracted from the analysis of CLSM images to quantitatively investigate the effects of aging on dermal fibrous structures in the face. METHODS: CLSM images of dermal fibrous structures were obtained from 90 Japanese females, ranging in age from 20 to 60 years...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
S Y Chuah, A B E Attia, V Long, C J H Ho, P Malempati, C Y Fu, S J Ford, J S S Lee, W P Tan, D Razansky, M Olivo, S Thng
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in technology have enabled the development of various non-invasive skin imaging tools to aid real-time diagnosis of both benign and malignant skin tumours, minimizing the need for invasive skin biopsy. Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) is a recently developed non-invasive imaging tool, which offers the unique capacity for high resolution three dimensional (3D) optical mapping of tissue by further delivering highly specific optical contrast from a depth of several millimetres to centimetres in living tissues...
November 2, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"