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Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812446/higher-dietary-intake-of-vitamin-d-may-influence-total-cholesterol-and-carbohydrate-profile-independent-of-body-composition-in-men-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Christopher Beal, Ashraf Gorgey, Pamela Moore, Nathan Wong, Robert A Adler, David Gater
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control design. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of dietary vitamin D intake on insulin sensitivity (Si), glucose effectiveness (Sg), and lipid profile in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: 20 male, paraplegic (T3-L1) with chronic (> one year) motor complete SCI (AIS A or B) were recruited. Three-day dietary records were analyzed for dietary vitamin D (calciferol), and participants were assigned to one of two groups, a high vitamin D intake group and a low vitamin D intake group based on the mid-point of vitamin D frequency distribution...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784042/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-paired-with-massed-practice-training-to-promote-adaptive-plasticity-and-motor-recovery-in-chronic-incomplete-tetraplegia-a-pilot-study
#2
Kelsey A Potter-Baker, Daniel P Janini, Yin-Liang Lin, Vishwanath Sankarasubramanian, David A Cunningham, Nicole M Varnerin, Patrick Chabra, Kevin L Kilgore, Mary Ann Richmond, Frederick S Frost, Ela B Plow
Objective Our goal was to determine if pairing transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with rehabilitation for two weeks could augment adaptive plasticity offered by these residual pathways to elicit longer-lasting improvements in motor function in incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Design Longitudinal, randomized, controlled, double-blinded cohort study. Setting Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Participants Eight male subjects with chronic incomplete motor tetraplegia. Interventions Massed practice (MP) training with or without tDCS for 2 hrs, 5 times a week...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784041/exploring-detailed-characteristics-of-autonomic-dysreflexia
#3
Ryan Solinsky, Steven C Kirshblum, Stephen P Burns
OBJECTIVES: Identify clinical and pathophysiologic insights into autonomic dysreflexia (AD) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively gathered AD dataset. SETTING: Inpatient Veterans Affairs SCI unit. PARTICIPANTS: 78 male patients with SCI who experienced AD. METHODS: Statistical methods were utilized to identify the frequency of relative bradycardia vs...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782431/complementary-alternative-medicine-practices-and-beliefs-in-spinal-cord-injury-and-non-spinal-cord-injured-individuals
#4
Renuka T Rudra, Gary J Farkas, Shahd Haidar, Kristin E Slavoski, Nancy E Lokey, Timothy R Hudson
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: To compare the beliefs and practices of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), their friends and family members (F&F SCI), and healthcare professionals (HCP) regarding complementary alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: A questionnaire regarding CAM practices and beliefs was administered to participants on paper or online. SETTING: An academic rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six individuals voluntarily participated in the study...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770686/body-composition-changes-with-testosterone-replacement-therapy-following-spinal-cord-injury-and-aging-a-mini-review
#5
Tom E Nightingale, Pamela Moore, Joshua Harman, Refka Khalil, Ranjodh S Gill, Teodoro Castillo, Robert A Adler, Ashraf S Gorgey
Context Hypogonadism is a male clinical condition in which the body does not produce enough testosterone. Testosterone plays a key role in maintaining body composition, bone mineral density, sexual function, mood, erythropoiesis, cognition and quality of life. Hypogonadism can occur due to several underlying pathologies during aging and in men with physical disabilities, such as spinal cord injury (SCI). This condition is often under diagnosed and as a result, symptoms undertreated. Methods In this mini-review, we propose that testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) may be a viable strategy to improve lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) in men with SCI...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770654/effects-of-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-on-leg-vascular-function-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#6
Daniel P Credeur, Lena M Vana, Edward T Kelley, Lee Stoner, David R Dolbow
Objective The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether 60 mins of intermittent pneumatic compression therapy (IPC) could acutely increase leg blood flow-induced shear stress and enhance vascular endothelial function in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Pretest with multiple posttests, within subject randomized control design. Setting University of Southern Mississippi, Spinal Cord Injury Research Program within the School of Kinesiology, recruiting from the local community in Hattiesburg, Jackson, and Gulfport, MS...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758543/inconsistencies-with-screening-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-spinal-cord-injury-across-the-continuum-of-care
#7
Seema Sikka, Angela Vrooman, Librada Callender, David Salisbury, Monica Bennett, Rita Hamilton, Simon Driver
OBJECTIVE: Explore how traumatic brain injury (TBI) is screened among spinal cord injury (SCI) patients across the continuum of care. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review Setting: Emergency department, trauma, inpatient rehabilitation Participants: 325 patients with SCI from inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) between March 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014 were screened. 49 eligible subjects had traumatic SCI and received care in adjoining acute care (AC) hospital...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758566/the-influence-of-level-of-spinal-cord-injury-on-adipose-tissue-and-its-relationship-to-inflammatory-adipokines-and-cardiometabolic-profiles
#8
Gary J Farkas, Ashraf S Gorgey, David R Dolbow, Arthur S Berg, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Level of injury (LOI) and the role of adipose tissue and its proinflammatory adipokines in cardiometabolic dysfunction following spinal cord injury (SCI) remains poorly understood. We aim to examine the influence of LOI on adipose tissue and its relationship to proinflammatory adipokines and cardiometabolic profiles following SCI. DESIGN: Cross sectional and correlational study. SETTING: Clinical hospital and academic setting. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven individuals with chronic motor complete SCI (age 43...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758554/neurogenic-obesity-and-systemic-inflammation-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-review
#9
Gary J Farkas, David R Gater
Content Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) results in physiological changes that markedly reduces whole-body metabolism, resulting in neurogenic obesity via adipose tissue accumulation. Adipose tissue has been implicated in the release of proinflammatory adipokines that lead to chronic, systemic inflammation, and evidence suggests these adipokines contribute to the pathogeneses of metabolic diseases that often accompany obesity. In this review, we propose the concept of neurogenic obesity through paralysis-induced adiposity as the primary source of systemic inflammation and metabolic dysfunction reported in chronic SCI...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758546/poster-abstracts-p1-p32
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758540/using-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-guide-the-development-of-a-self-management-program-for-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-national-stakeholder-advisory-group
#11
Sarah E P Munce, Sonya Allin, Dalton L Wolfe, Karen Anzai, Gary Linassi, Vanessa K Noonan, Susan B Jaglal
OBJECTIVE: To determine the implementation considerations for a targeted self-management program for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) from the perspective of a national stakeholder advisory group using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) as a guide. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive approach. SETTING: Two focus groups held at the 6(th) National Spinal Cord Injury Conference (October 2-4(th), 2014) in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 25 stakeholders from across Canada participated in focus groups or "brainstorming sessions"...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738759/views-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-on-the-use-of-wearable-cameras-to-monitor-upper-limb-function-in-the-home-and-community
#12
Jirapat Likitlersuang, Elizabeth R Sumitro, Pirashanth Theventhiran, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, José Zariffa
OBJECTIVE: Hand function impairment after cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) can significantly reduce independence. Unlike current hand function assessments, wearable camera systems could potentially measure functional hand usage at home, and thus benefit the development of neurorehabilitation strategies. The objective of this study was to understand the views of individuals with SCI on the use of wearable cameras to track neurorehabilitation progress and outcomes in the community. DESIGN: Questionnaires...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738744/pain-profiles-in-a-community-dwelling-population-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-national-survey
#13
Dearbhla Burke, Brona M Fullen, Olive Lennon
CONTEXT: While as many as 60% of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) develop chronic pain, limited data currently exists on the prevalence and profile of pain post-SCI in community dwelling populations. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional population survey. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Community dwelling adults with SCI. METHODS: Following ethical approval members registered to a national SCI database (n=1,574) were surveyed...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738740/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-task-specific-rehabilitation-interventions-for-improving-independent-sitting-and-standing-function-in-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Cynthia M Tse, Amanda E Chisholm, Tania Lam, Janice J Eng
Context Impaired balance function after a spinal cord injury (SCI) hinders performance of daily activities. Objective To assess the evidence on the effectiveness of task-specific training on sitting and standing function in individuals with SCI across the continuum of care. Methods A systematic search was conducted on literature published to June 2016 using people (acute or chronic SCI), task-specific interventions compared to conventional physical therapy, and outcome (sitting or standing balance function)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724334/high-expectations
#15
Lisa A Beck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724333/the-impact-of-acute-management-on-the-occurrence-of-medical-complications-during-the-specialized-spinal-cord-injury-acute-hospitalization-following-motor-complete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Erhmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Determine the impact of early admission and complete perioperative management in a specialized spinal cord injury (SCI) trauma center (SCI-center) on the occurrence of medical complications following tetraplegia. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative cohort study of prospectively collected data involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (N=87) was early managed in a SCI-center promptly after the trauma, whereas Group 2 (N=29) was surgically and preoperatively managed in a non-specialized (NS) center before being transferred to the SCI-center...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703079/insights-into-neuro-urology
#17
Debra Fromer, Michelle Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703038/rehabilitation-interventions-to-modify-endocrine-metabolic-disease-risk-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-riisc-a-systematic-review-and-scoping-perspective
#18
Jenna C Gibbs, Dany H Gagnon, Austin J Bergquist, Jasmine Arel, Tomas Cervinka, Rasha El-Kotob, Désirée B Maltais, Dalton L Wolfe, B Catharine Craven
Context Endocrine-metabolic disease (EMD) risk following spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with significant multi-morbidity (i.e. fracture, diabetes, heart disease), mortality, and economic burden. It is unclear to what extent rehabilitation interventions can modify EMD risk and improve health status in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI. Objectives To characterize rehabilitation interventions and summarize evidence on their efficacy/effectiveness to modify precursors to EMD risk in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649933/bone-mesenchymal-stem-cell-conditioned-medium-decreases-the-generation-of-astrocytes-during-the-process-of-neural-stem-cells-differentiation
#19
Huang Fang, Peiwen Song, Yuening Shen, Cailiang Shen, Xiaoying Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of bone mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) conditioned medium (CM) and Bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) on the generation of astrocytes during the process of NSCs differentiation. DESIGN: Neural stem cells (NSCs) were grown under different culture conditions. SETTING: The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China. OUTCOME MEASURES: The study consisted of four groups: NSCs cultured under control conditions (group 1) or with the addition of BMSC-CM (group 2);(BMP-4) (group 3) or both (group 4)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648115/complete-thoracolumbar-fracture-dislocation-with-intact-neurologic-function-explanation-of-a-novel-cord-saving-mechanism
#20
Abolfazl Rahimizadeh, Naser Asgari, Ava Rahimizadeh
BACKGROUND: The thoracolumbar junction from T11 to L2 is a common site of injury in which fracture and dislocations are the most prevalent ones occurring at this location. Fracture dislocation is defined as failure of all three columns of the spine with gross displacement. Considering the significant violence necessary to produce fracture dislocations, these injuries are often associated with major neural deficit, with the majority of casualties becoming paraplegic immediately. Preservation of neurological function following complete fracture dislocation is quite rare entity...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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