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Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514926/trunk-muscle-activity-patterns-and-motion-patterns-of-patients-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury-at-t8-and-t10-walking-with-different-un-powered-exoskeletons
#1
Xinyu Guan, Shengzheng Kuai, Linhong Ji, Rencheng Wang, Run Ji
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore how neurological injured levels of spinal cord affect the performance of patients walking with different un-powered exoskeletons. STUDY DESIGN: Case series observational study. SETTING: Gait and Motion Analysis Laboratory at the National Research Center Rehabilitation Technical Aids. METHODS: Electromyography and motion data from two subjects with complete spinal cord injury at T10 and T8 walking with un-powered exoskeletons were collected simultaneously...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514903/utility-of-the-central-motor-conduction-time-recorded-from-the-abductor-pollicis-brevis-and-the-abductor-digiti-minimi-muscles-in-patients-with-c6-7-myelopathy
#2
Yasuaki Imajo, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Masahiro Funaba, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
OBJECTIVE: Central motor conduction time (CMCT) recorded from the abductor pollicis brevis (CMCT-APB) and abductor digiti minimi (CMCT-ADM) muscles may enable the evaluation of patients with C6-7 myelopathy. CMCT is more useful for the evaluation of the function of spinal cord than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. CMCT may be associated with age and height. However, there are few reports regarding CMCT-APB in normal subjects. This study aimed to investigate the relationships between age, height, and conduction parameters in normal subjects to assess the effectiveness of using CMCT-APB and CMCT-ADM for the evaluation of patients with C6-7 and C7-T1 myelopathy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488465/surgical-management-of-lower-limb-fractures-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-less-associated-with-complications-than-non-operative-management-a-retrospective-series-of-cases
#3
Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Raphael Gross, Marc Dauty, Guillaume Gadbled, Sophie Touchais, Marc Le Fort, Brigitte Perrouin-Verbe
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the difference in terms of overall complications between surgical and non-surgical management of lower limb fractures in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A 13-year retrospective study including patients with chronic spinal cord lesion admitted for sublesional lower limb fractures. SETTING: University hospital SCI reference departments (Rehabilitation department and orthopedic department). PARTICIPANTS: Forty patients with SCI were included, 24 men and 16 women...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486884/effect-of-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-injection-on-symptoms-of-autonomic-dysreflexia-in-a-patient-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-report
#4
Il-Young Jung, Kyo Ik Mo, Ja-Ho Leigh
CONTEXT: There are few treatment options for managing autonomic dysreflexia in patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). According to some studies, intravesical botulinum toxin for SCI patients with autonomic dysreflexia has a preventive effect on symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia. However, the usefulness of an intravesical botulinum toxin injection has never been reported for autonomic dysreflexia in an adult patient with chronic cervical SCI, although there has been for one pediatric patient...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472894/resting-energy-expenditure-in-male-athletes-with-a-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Fiona E Pelly, Elizabeth M Broad, Natalie Stuart, Mark A Holmes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are differences in the resting energy expenditure (REE) and body composition of athletes with a spinal cord injury (SCI) compared to active able-bodied controls. DESIGN: In this cross sectional study, male athletes with a SCI were compared to active able-bodied controls matched for age, stretch stature and body mass. In addition, the accuracy of standard REE prediction equations in estimating REE was assessed. PARTICIPANTS: Seven male wheelchair athletes with a SCI and six matched active able-bodied controls volunteered to participate...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466761/can-targeted-job-information-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-dysfunction-be-effectively-delivered-online-a-pilot-study
#6
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Ashley Craig, Anna Chur-Hansen, Christine Migliorini, Elizabeth Potter, Ruth Marshall, Jillian Clark, Sharron Neeson, Peter Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a novel email-based information package (Work and SCI) for job-seekers with an acquired spinal cord injury (SCI) or spinal cord dysfunction (SCI/D). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, non-randomized, repeated measures trial. SETTING: Community dwelling cohort in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Five people with SCI (mean age 46.4 years, SD = 10.2; 4 female) initially reviewed Work and SCI. Twenty-four with SCI/D subsequently enrolled, of whom 16 (mean age 46...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464758/periodic-limb-movements-in-tetraplegia
#7
Annemieke Emma Josina Peters, Lysanne van Silfhout, Marnie Graco, Rachel Schembri, Dick Thijssen, David J Berlowitz
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of Periodic Limb Movements during Sleep (PLMS) in patients with tetraplegia, controlling for obstructive sleep apnea. To explore whether demographic and injury characteristics affect PLMS. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohorts. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-three participants with acute (<12 months) and 92 with chronic (>12 months) tetraplegia who underwent full overnight diagnostic sleep studies...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464732/oral-probenecid-improves-sperm-motility-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Emad Ibrahim, Teodoro C Aballa, Charles M Lynne, Nancy L Brackett
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (twenty men with spinal cord injury [SCI]). OBJECTIVE: Determine if administration of oral probenecid results in improved sperm motility in men with SCI. SETTING: Major university medical center. METHODS: Twenty men with SCI were administered probenecid for 4 weeks (250 mg twice a day for 1 week, followed by 500 mg twice a day for 3 weeks). Semen quality was assessed at three time points: pre-treatment, post-treatment (immediately after the 4-week treatment), and follow-up (4 weeks after the last pill was ingested)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464722/variables-affecting-functional-improvement-in-chordoma-patients-admitted-to-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-facility-a-retrospective-review
#9
Sasha E Knowlton, Richard Goldstein, Kevin C O'Connor, Joseph Schwab, Francis Hornicek, Ross Zafonte
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of patients after surgical resection of chordoma admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation facility. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics associated with improving two or more functional levels and therefore classifying as a substantial responder after an inpatient rehabilitation facility stay in post-resection chordoma patients. SETTING: Acute inpatient rehabilitation facility in the United States...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462637/sci-facts-and-figures
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446059/changes-in-alcohol-use-after-the-onset-of-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Janice F Davis, Yue Cao, James S Krause
OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence of alcohol consumption and binge drinking at time of spinal cord injury (SCI) onset, compare these rates to data from the general population, and identify changes in alcohol use at an average of 17 months post-injury. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mailed self-report assessment. SETTING: A specialty hospital in the southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred sixty-six inpatients completed the baseline measure...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427305/neuromechanical-adaptations-during-a-robotic-powered-exoskeleton-assisted-walking-session
#12
Arvind Ramanujam, Christopher M Cirnigliaro, Erica Garbarini, Pierre Asselin, Rakesh Pilkar, Gail F Forrest
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gait parameters and neuromuscular profiles of exoskeleton-assisted walking under Max Assist condition during a single-session for; (i) able bodied (AB) individuals walking assisted with (EXO) and without (non-EXO) a powered exoskeleton, (ii) non-ambulatory SCI individuals walking assisted with a powered exoskeleton. DESIGN: Single-session. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Four AB individuals and four individuals with SCI...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424026/walking-ability-following-hybrid-assistive-limb-treatment-for-a-patient-with-chronic-myelopathy-after-surgery-for-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#13
Shigeki Kubota, Tetsuya Abe, Hideki Kadone, Kengo Fujii, Yukiyo Shimizu, Aiki Marushima, Tomoyuki Ueno, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yasushi Hada, Akira Matsumura, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
CONTEXT: The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) (the wearable robot) can assist kinesis during voluntary control of hip and knee joint motion by detecting the wearer's bioelectric signals on the surface of their skin. The purpose of this study was to report on walking ability following the wearable robot treatment in a patient with chronic myelopathy after surgery for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). FINDINGS: The patient was a 66-year-old woman with cervical OPLL who was able to ambulate independently with the aid of bilateral crutches...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417673/research-progress-from-the-sci-model-systems-scims-an-interactive-discussion-on-future-directions
#14
Michael L Boninger, Edelle C Field-Fote, Steven C Kirshblum, Daniel P Lammertse, Trevor A Dyson-Hudson, Lesley Hudson, Allen W Heinemann
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: To describe current and future directions in spinal cord injury (SCI) research. DESIGN: The SCI Model Systems (SCIMS) programs funded by the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) during the 2011 to 2016 cycle provided abstracts describing findings from current research projects. Discussion among session participants generated ideas for research opportunities. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Pre-conference workshop before the 2016 American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) annual meeting...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414254/lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-results-of-the-usc-rlanrc-pressure-ulcer-prevention-study
#15
Mike Carlson, Cheryl Lp Vigen, Salah Rubayi, Erna Imperatore Blanche, Jeanine Blanchard, Michal Atkins, Barbara Bates-Jensen, Susan L Garber, Elizabeth A Pyatak, Jesus Diaz, Lucia I Florindez, Joel W Hay, Trudy Mallinson, Jennifer B Unger, Stanley Paul Azen, Michael Scott, Alison Cogan, Florence Clark
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Medically serious pressure injuries (MSPrIs), a common complication of spinal cord injury (SCI), have devastating consequences on health and well-being and are extremely expensive to treat. We aimed to test the efficacy of a lifestyle-based intervention designed to reduce incidence of MSPrIs in adults with SCI. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT), and a separate study wing involving a nonrandomized standard care control group. SETTING: Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a large facility serving ethnically diverse, low income residents of Los Angeles County...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406070/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomic-dysreflexia-and-intrathecal-baclofen-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Anna Sophia Del Fabro, Melvin Mejia, Gregory Nemunaitis
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between autonomic dysreflexia and intrathecal baclofen in patients with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient acute rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four subjects. INTERVENTIONS: We reviewed patients' medical records to ascertain the presence of symptomatic autonomic dysreflexia (AD) prior to and after implantation of an intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pump for spasticity in spinal cord injury patients...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402229/-people-who-have-something-better-to-do-don-t-suffer-as-much
#17
Philip M Ullrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402198/ventral-longitudinal-intraspinal-fluid-collection-rare-presentation-as-brachial-amyotrophy-and-intracranial-hypotension
#18
Veeramani Preethish-Kumar, Seena Vengalil, Sarbesh Tiwari, Kiran Polavarapu, M Netravathi, Aravinda Hanumanthapura Ramalingaiah, Atchayaram Nalini
CONTEXT: Ventral longitudinal intraspinal fluid collection (VLISFC) presenting as hand amyotrophy has been described only in a few cases and there are no reports on associated intracranial CSF hypovolemia (ICH). We describe the clinical and imaging findings of a case with combined brachial amyotrophy and ICH secondary to VLISFC. FINDINGS: A 31 year old man presented with severe positional neck discomfort, radiating pain, progressive asymmetrical wasting and weakness of distal upper limbs...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394218/poor-sleep-in-adults-with-pediatric-onset-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-pain-health-and-activity
#19
Alicia M January, Kathy Zebracki, Kathleen M Chlan, Lawrence C Vogel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate medical complications that increase risk for poor sleep in adults with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI) and explore the relation of poor sleep to psychosocial outcomes. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of individuals with pediatric-onset SCI interviewed between 2011-2015. Participants were recruited from a pediatric specialty hospital and answered questions about demographics, injury characteristics, pain, and medical complications and completed standardized outcome measures, including: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, SF12v2 Health Survey, Craig Handicap Assessment and Recording Technique (CHART), and Subjective Happiness Scale...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387153/breaking-bad-news-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-assessing-the-perspective-of-spinal-cord-injury-survivors-in-turkey
#20
Ozden Ozyemisci-Taskiran, Ozlem Coskun, Isil Irem Budakoglu, Nesrin Demirsoy
Prior abstract publication: 2(nd) Medical Rehabilitation Congress; Nov 4-7, 2010; Ankara, Turkey Objective: This study aims to investigate the process of breaking bad news from the perspective of spinal cord injury survivors. DESIGN: A cross sectional, qualitative study Setting: Community Participants: Fourteen spinal cord injury survivors Interventions: Subjects participated in a semi-structured interview about 'when', 'where' 'by whom' and 'how' they received and 'would' prefer to receive bad news...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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