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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630473/identifying-the-social-demographic-correlates-of-suicide-bereavement
#1
William Feigelman, John McIntosh, Julie Cerel, David Brent, Nina J Gutin
BACKGROUND: We investigated the demographic correlates associated with suicide bereavement among a representative sample of U.S. adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. A secondary aim of this study was to use this representative data platform to cross-check official data findings of U.S. completed suicides. METHODS: Questions on suicide bereavement were administered to 1,432 GSS 2016 respondents and these were cross-tabulated with various demographic and social activity variables included in this omnibus survey to investigate whether suicide bereaved respondents shared any distinctive demographic characteristics...
April 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624123/the-mediating-role-of-coping-self-efficacy-in-hope-box-use-and-suicidal-ideation-severity
#2
Lauren M Denneson, Derek J Smolenski, Brian W Bauer, Steven K Dobscha, Nigel E Bush
OBJECTIVE: We examined the indirect effect of the Virtual Hope Box (VHB) smartphone application on suicidal ideation, mediated through coping self-efficacy. METHODS: One hundred seventeen veterans with suicidal ideation completed measures on coping self-efficacy and suicidal ideation at baseline and weeks 3, 6, and 12. Participants were randomly assigned to either the VHB or enhanced treatment as usual (eTAU) condition. RESULTS: Parallel process growth curve modeling (-0...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624113/clinician-experience-and-attitudes-toward-safety-planning-with-adolescents-at-risk-for-suicide
#3
Jazmin A Reyes-Portillo, Eleanor L McGlinchey, Josefina Toso-Salman, Erica M Chin, Prudence W Fisher, Laura Mufson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined clinician experiences and attitudes toward safety planning in a large urban pediatric psychiatry department serving primarily Latino youth. METHODS: Forty-six clinicians completed a survey assessing their experience with and attitudes toward safety planning with adolescents at-risk for suicide. RESULTS: The majority of clinicians were female (78%), non-Latino White (54%), and aged 30-39 (52%). Clinicians' attitudes were largely positive (M = 3...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621429/a-psychometric-investigation-of-the-painful-and-provocative-events-scale-moving-forward
#4
Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Andrew J Marshall, Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz
BACKGROUND: Acquired capability for suicide is posited to develop through repeated exposure to physically painful and psychologically provocative events; however, there is limited research evaluating the assessment of painful and provocative events. AIMS: The current study examined the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Painful and Provocative Events Scale (PPES). METHODS: Categorical exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in a sample of undergraduate students (N = 732)...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611784/adult-mental-health-outcomes-of-preterm-survivors-experiencing-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescence
#5
Jacob Young, Calan Savoy, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVE: To examine the link between suicidal ideation in adolescence (age 12-16) and symptoms of psychopathology in adulthood (age 22-26) in a birth cohort of extremely low birth weight (ELBW; < 1000 g) survivors and matched normal birth weight (NBW; > 2500 g) control participants. METHODS: This study utilized data from a longitudinally followed cohort of 129 ELBW survivors and 116 NBW individuals born in Ontario, Canada between the years 1977 and 1982...
April 3, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482489/implicit-cognitions-as-a-behavioral-marker-of-suicide-attempts-in-adolescents
#6
Alexander J Millner, Tara M Augenstein, Katherine H Visser, Katie Gallagher, Genesis A Vergara, Eugene J D'Angelo, Matthew K Nock
Using self-harm Implicit Association Tests (IATs), we sought to test whether (1) suicidal adolescents show implicit identification with self-harm and whether (2) IATs are reliable and sensitive to psychiatric change and (3) predict future suicide attempts. We administered 6 self-harm IATs to 71 adolescents from a psychiatric inpatient unit and assessed suicidal behaviors at admission, discharge and 3 months after discharge. Results were in the expected direction for each IAT but not statistically significant...
March 14, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528807/the-effectiveness-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-training-group-vs-cognitive-therapy-group-on-reducing-depression-and-suicide-attempts-for-borderline-personality-disorder-in-taiwan
#7
Tsung-Jen Lin, Huei-Chen Ko, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Tian Po Oei, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Chung-Hey Chen
In this study the effectiveness of the condensed Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training Group (DBTSTG) was compared to the Cognitive Therapy Group (CTG) in reducing depression and suicide reattempt and modifying emotion regulation strategies among those with borderline personality disorder (BPD). A total of 82 depressed BPD college students with a suicidal history within the past 6-months were randomly allocated to DBTSTG or CTG. Both groups had similar reductions in suicide reattempts and depression after the intervention and 6-month follow-ups...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636432/young-men-masculinities-and-suicide
#8
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Hanne Haavind, Gudrun Dieserud
Young men constitute one of the highest risk groups for suicide in most countries. This gives reason to explore how meanings attached to masculinity can be evoked and handled when a young man takes his life. In-depth interviews with 5 to 8 informants for each of 10 suicides, as well as suicide notes, were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The suicides appeared as signature acts of compensatory masculinity with the following themes: When hope is gone, no one must know; weakness was never allowed; and suicide conducted in a way to present oneself as heroic...
April 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474136/psychiatric-hospitalization-after-emergency-treatment-for-deliberate-self-harm-is-associated-with-repeated-deliberate-self-harm
#9
Atshushi Ichimura, Koji Kato, Takayuki Taira, Hiroyuki Otsuka, Tomoko Seki, Yoshihide Nakagawa, Sadaki Inokuchi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether treatment at a psychiatric hospital reduces the risk of repeating parasuicide. METHODS: Participants comprised 4,483 parasuicide patients admitted to an emergency department between July 2003 and March 2012. We analyzed the effectiveness of psychiatric hospitalization in preventing repeated parasuicide. We adjusted for background factors using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Effects of psychiatric hospitalization upon the likelihood of repeated parasuicide within one year varied by age (especially those aged <35 years), indicating that hospitalization was a significant risk factor...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466117/childhood-maltreatment-self-esteem-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-low-ses-emerging-adult-sample-the-moderating-role-of-heart-rate-variability
#10
Erinn Bernstein Duprey, Assaf Oshri, Sihong Liu
Objectives Childhood maltreatment is associated with risk for suicidal ideation later in life, yet more research is needed on the indirect effects and bioregulatory protective factors in this association. The present study aimed to investigate the indirect influence of childhood maltreatment on suicidal ideation in emerging adulthood via level of self-esteem, and examine the moderating role of heart rate variability (HRV; a proxy for emotion regulation) in this indirect association. Methods The study included a sample of 167 non-metropolitan emerging adults (Mage  = 21...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461935/menstrual-cycle-effects-on-mental-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#11
Daisung Jang, Hillary Anger Elfenbein
OBJECTIVES: The premenstrual phase of cycle has long been associated with a constellation of health symptoms for women. However, there has been no recent quantitative review of severe mental health outcomes as a function of the menstrual cycle. We examine cycle influences on completed suicides, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and psychiatric admissions, and contrast these with non-suicide deaths. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 32 papers, with an N of 3,791...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461934/risk-and-protective-factors-for-self-harm-in-a-population-based-sample-of-transgender-youth
#12
Lindsay A Taliaferro, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Marla E Eisenberg
This study sought to identify factors distinguishing transgender/gender non-conforming (GNC) adolescents across three groups: no self-harm, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) only, and NSSI and suicide attempt (NSSI + SA). Data were from the 2016 Minnesota Student Survey. The final analytic sample included 1,635 transgender/GNC students in grades 9 and 11. Logistic regression analyses determined factors that best distinguished transgender/GNC students who reported self-harm (NSSI only or NSSI + SA) from those who reported no self-harm, and transgender/GNC adolescents who reported NSSI + SA from those who reported NSSI only...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461153/the-role-of-masculinity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-predicting-suicidal-ideation-in-homeless-men
#13
Matthew C Genuchi
OBJECTIVES: Men's suicide rates may be influenced by difficulties recognizing externalizing depressive symptoms in men that adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of externalizing depressive symptoms, internalizing depressive symptoms, and hegemonic masculinity in predicting the existence and severity of suicidal ideation. METHODS: Homeless men (n = 94) completed questionnaires at a resource center in the Rocky Mountain West US...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393837/depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-burdensomeness-mediate-the-association-between-anxiety-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#14
Ryan M Hill, Cristina T Del Busto, Victor Buitron, Jeremy W Pettit
A relationship between anxiety disorders and suicide-related behaviors has been demonstrated in adolescents, with a paucity of research examining mediators of this association. The present study hypothesized that anxiety would be associated with suicidal ideation via a serial mediation pathway through depressive symptoms and perceived burdensomeness and/or thwarted belongingness. A sample of 80 adolescents (68.8% female, 65.8% Hispanic), 13-19 years of age (mean = 16.93, SD = 1.66), completed 3 interviews as part of a randomized controlled trial...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393836/extracurricular-activities-are-associated-with-lower-suicidality-through-decreased-thwarted-belongingness-in-young-adults
#15
Brian W Bauer, Daniel W Capron, Erin Ward-Ciesielski, Hanna C Gustafsson, Carol Doyle
Research has shown a negative association between extracurricular activities (ECAs) and suicidality. This study builds upon past research by using the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide to better understand the mechanisms involved in the relationship between ECAs and suicide risk. A total of 121 community and online-recruited adults ages 18 to 24-years-old participated. Self-report measures of suicidality, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness were collected. Duration and breadth of participation in ECAs were assessed...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393834/suicide-postvention-for-the-united-states-military-literature-review-conceptual-model-and-recommendations
#16
Kyna Pak, Kelly E Ferreira, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
Suicide continues to be a significant public health problem in the United States and the Department of Defense (DoD). Timely and systematic postvention efforts can play an instrumental role in helping family members, peers, and military command to best manage the aftermath of a suicide. To date, several postvention efforts have been implemented in the military. However, there continues to be an overall lack of understanding of the specific short- and long-term effects of exposure to military suicide. In addition, more emphasis needs to be placed on empirically driven approaches to postvention and program evaluation...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393828/differentiating-suicide-attempters-from-suicide-ideators-the-role-of-capability-for-suicide
#17
Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Xu Zhang, Jiyi Huang, Bradley T Conner, Rui Sun, Sian Xu, Min-Pei Lin
This study examined whether different components of capability for suicide (i.e., fearlessness about death, pain tolerance, pain insensitivity, preparation for suicide, suicide plan, and courage), as well as painful and provocative events, nonsuicidal self-injury, depressive symptoms, and hopelessness, could distinguish between suicide attempters, suicide ideators, and non-suicidal controls. A total of 930 Chinese adolescents completed questionnaires, and a multinomial logistic regression was conducted to identify factors that could distinguish among the 3 groups...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29293070/religion-and-suicide-how-culture-modifies-the-effect-of-social-integration
#18
Ferenc Moksony, Rita Hegedűs
In this study, we test two explanations of why Protestants generally are more prone to suicide than Catholics. one theory stresses the importance of social support, while the other emphasizes the role of culture. A case-control study with 182 suicidal and 610 non-suicidal individuals was conducted. Denominational differences do not disappear after controlling for church attendance. Deeper involvement in the church community decreases suicide risk for Catholics, but increases it for Protestants. The relationship between education and suicide, while curvilinear for both religions, has a U-shaped form for Protestants, but an inverted U-shaped form for Catholics...
January 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422579/is-the-higher-number-of-suicide-attempts-in-bipolar-disorder-vs-major-depressive-disorder-attributable-to-illness-severity
#19
Matthew S Michaels, Tia Balthrop, Alejandro Pulido, M David Rudd, Thomas E Joiner
The present study represents an early stage investigation into the phenomenon whereby those with bipolar disorder attempt suicide more frequently than those with unipolar depression, but do not tend to attempt suicide during mania. Data for this study were obtained from baseline measurements collected in a randomized treatment study at a major southwestern United States military medical center. We demonstrated the rarity of suicide attempts during mania, the higher frequency of suicide attempts in those with bipolar disorder compared to those with depression, and the persistence of effects after accounting for severity of illness...
January 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339322/a-comparison-of-note-writers-and-no-note-writers-in-homicide-suicide-cases-in-germany
#20
Anna Weeke, Dietrich Oberwittler
The aim of this study is to investigate potential differences between homicide-suicide cases in which the perpetrator does or does not write a suicide note. As homicide-suicides are complex types of lethal violence for which the aggressor cannot be held accountable, suicide notes may be a valuable source of information about the background of these cases and the perpetrators' motives. We use a national sample of N = 288 homicide-suicide cases in Germany applying group comparisons and chi-square tests for relevant variables...
January 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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