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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849449/suicide-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-stressful-life-events-a-population-based-study
#1
Rita Fjeldsted, Thomas William Teasdale, Martin Jensen, Annette Erlangsen
OBJECTIVES: Stressful life events have been associated with high risk of suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to examine whether persons who died by suicide in Denmark had more frequently been exposed to stressful life events, specifically divorce, death of a close relative, exposure to violence, and imprisonment, when compared to gender and age-matched controls. METHODS: Data from Danish national registers were obtained for the period of 2000-2010 and a nested case-control design was applied...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845618/an-empirical-analysis-of-internet-message-boards-for-self-harming-behavior
#2
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott
BACKGROUND: Much debate surrounds the potential effects of self-harm forum use. Arguments in favour highlight factors such as providing access to a supportive community. However critical voice highlighting potential dangers such as forums serving as a platform to promote self-harm, clearly dominate the debate. OBJECTIVE: Using an online questionnaire, the goal of the current study was to examine sociodemographic characteristics, the psychopathology of forum users, motives for participating, as well as subjective effects of self-harm forum use...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726519/attachment-emotion-regulation-childhood-abuse-and-assault-examining-predictors-of-nssi-among-adolescents
#3
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Louise Newman, John Taffe, Graham Martin
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relative risk of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) associated with a history of physical and sexual abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships, and poor emotion regulation among adolescents. METHODS: 2,637 adolescents (aged 12-15 years) completed questionnaires at three time-points: baseline, 12, and 24 months later. RESULTS: Across the study, 9.4% reported a history of NSSI. Each of past or recent abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships and poor emotion regulation was associated with NSSI...
October 11, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700862/life-is-precious-a-community-based-program-to-reduce-suicidal-behavior-in-latina-adolescents
#4
Jennifer L Humensky, Beatriz Coronel, Rosa Gil, Silvia Mazzula, Roberto Lewis-Fernández
OBJECTIVES: Latina adolescents have high rates of suicidal behavior. Life is Precious (LIP), a community-based program in New York City, helps adolescents and families address risk factors facing Latinas. METHODS: Participants are assessed for suicidal ideation, depressive and other psychiatric symptoms, and family functioning, at program entry and every four months during participation. Demographic characteristics and suicide attempts are also tracked. RESULTS: In the study period, there were no attempted or completed suicides in this high-risk population...
October 4, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673557/the-double-edged-sword-outward-and-inward-directed-aggression-among-war-combatants
#5
Avigal Snir, Liat Itzhaky, Zahava Solomon
Inspired by the two-stage model of countervailing forces, we explored the mechanism underlining inward and outward aggression among ex-combatants. Israeli veterans (N = 230) reported their partner's violence (outward aggression), suicidal ideation (inward aggression), aggressive impulses, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), paranoid ideation and guilt. Suicidal ideation was related to aggressive impulses only in the presence of PTSD, or under high guilt; whereas paranoid ideation buffered these effects...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673411/child-and-adolescent-clinical-features-preceding-adult-suicide-attempts
#6
Giulia Serra, Athanasios Koukopoulos, Lavinia De Chiara, Flavia Napoletano, Alexia Koukopoulos, Gabriele Sani, Gianni L Faedda, Paolo Girardi, Daniela Reginaldi, Ross J Baldessarini
The objective of this study was to identify the predictive value of juvenile factors for adult suicidal behavior. We reviewed clinical records to compare factors identified in childhood and adolescence between adult suicidal versus nonsuicidal major affective disorder subjects. Suicide attempts occurred in 23.1% of subjects. Age-at-first-symptom was 14.2 vs. 20.2 years among suicidal versus nonsuicidal subjects (p < 0.0001). More prevalent in suicidal versus non-suicidal subjects by multivariate analysis were: depressive symptoms, hyper-emotionality, younger-at-first-affective-episode, family suicide history, childhood mood-swings, and adolescence low self-esteem...
September 27, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668347/an-examination-of-united-states-air-force-suicide-decedents-based-on-documented-suicide-attempt-histories
#7
Kristen Kochanski-Ruscio, Elicia Nademin, Kanchana Perera, Jessica M LaCroix, Margaret Baer, Helena O Hassen, Maj David Englert, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: We compared United States military decedents who died by suicide on their first attempt with decedents who had made multiple attempts. METHODS: Death investigation files for 217 United States Air Force (USAF) personnel who died by suicide between 1996 and 2006 were coded for demographic, psychosocial, and psychiatric characteristics. RESULTS: Among USAF suicide decedents, 77% died by suicide on their first attempt and 23% had a documented history of at least one prior attempt, Decedents with a history of prior attempts were more likely to have an interpersonal stressor within 3 months of death and were twice as likely to have a documented Axis I diagnosis...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628088/editorial-board-eov
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628087/2016-reviewers
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309643/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-rumination-styles-hope-and-suicide-ideation-through-the-lens-of-the-integrated-motivational-volitional-model-of-suicidal-behavior
#10
Raymond P Tucker, Rory C O'Connor, LaRicka R Wingate
To investigate the roles specific ruminative styles (brooding and reflection) and hope play in the Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Participants were students from a large U.S. state university who were selectively sampled for the experience of recent suicide ideation. Results of a bootstrapped moderated mediation model indicated that defeat had a direct effect on suicide ideation but not an indirect effect on suicide ideation through entrapment. Brooding, but not reflection, strengthened the relationship between defeat and entrapment...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045220/toxoplasmosis-titers-and-past-suicide-attempts-among-older-adolescents-initiating-ssri-treatment
#11
William Coryell, Robert Yolken, Brandon Butcher, Trudy Burns, Lilian Dindo, Janet Schlechte, Chadi Calarge
Latent infection with toxoplasmosis is a prevalent condition that has been linked in animal studies to high-risk behaviors, and in humans, to suicide and suicide attempts. This analysis investigated a relationship between suicide attempt history and toxoplasmosis titers in a group of older adolescents who had recently begun treatment with an SSRI. Of 108 participants, 17 (15.7 %) had a lifetime history of at least one suicide attempt. All were given structured and unstructured diagnostic interviews and provided blood samples...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007698/predicting-risk-for-suicide-a-preliminary-examination-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-the-acquired-capability-construct-in-a-college-sample
#12
Emily H Brackman, Blair W Morris, Margaret S Andover
The interpersonal psychological theory of suicide provides a useful framework for considering the relationship between non-suicidal self-injury and suicide. Researchers propose that NSSI increases acquired capability for suicide. We predicted that both NSSI frequency and the IPTS acquired capability construct (decreased fear of death and increased pain tolerance) would separately interact with suicidal ideation to predict suicide attempts. Undergraduate students (N = 113) completed self-report questionnaires, and a subsample (n = 66) also completed a pain sensitivity task...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984524/the-relationship-between-mindfulness-depressive-symptoms-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-amongst-adolescents
#13
Nancy L Heath, Dana Carsley, Melissa E De Riggi, Devin Mills, Jessica Mettler
Mindfulness is often part of treatment for non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI); however, there has been limited research examining the role of mindfulness in NSSI. Thus, the current study sought to investigate the relationship among mindfulness, depressive symptoms, and NSSI (past year) in adolescents (N = 764; 56.8% female, M age = 14.42, SD = 0.64) with consideration of gender. Adolescents with recent NSSI (n = 74; 83.8% female, M age = 14.36, SD = 0.56) and a matched for age and gender no-NSSI group completed measures of mindfulness and depression...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984396/high-early-suicide-risk-in-elderly-patients-after-self-poisoning
#14
Jussi Jokinen, Patrik Mattsson, Peter Nordström, Mats Samuelsson
This article reports the findings of a follow-up study of suicide mortality in elderly patients after an index episode of self-poisoning. A total of 222 consecutive patients (143 female) aged 65 years or older (mean age 76.5 years; range 65-100) presenting at the emergency department of the Karolinska University Hospital after self-poisoning during 1994-2000, were followed up for the cause of death by January 1, 2006. Survival analysis was applied to study suicide and death risk. Of the 15 suicides, 13 (87%) occurred during the first year after the index episode of self-poisoning (cumulative suicide risk 6...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984289/an-aspect-of-the-capability-for-suicide-fearlessness-of-the-pain-involved-in-dying-amplifies-the-association-between-suicide-ideation-and-attempts
#15
Phillip N Smith, Ian H Stanley, Thomas E Joiner, Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Kimberly A Van Orden
The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that individuals who experience suicide ideation will only develop suicidal intent, and subsequently engage in suicidal behavior when they have concomitant fearlessness about death and tolerance for physical pain (i.e., the capability for suicide). The current studies examined the hypothesis that one aspect of the capability for suicide-fearlessness of the pain involved in dying-would amplify the positive association between current suicide ideation and a previous suicide attempt in two samples at high risk for experiencing suicide ideation and suicide attempts...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984044/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior-indirect-effects-of-impaired-social-functioning
#16
Courtney E Dutton, Sasha M Rojas, Christal L Badour, Sonya G Wanklyn, Matthew T Feldner
Social functioning is negatively impacted by the presence of PTSD, while increasing risk of suicidal behavior among individuals with PTSD. However, little research has examined the specific role of social functioning in the association between PTSD and suicidal behavior. Parallel multiple indirect effects analyses were performed to understand the unique indirect effects of four aspects of social functioning. Indirect effects of PTSD on suicidal ideation were significant through three pathways: interpersonal conflict, perceived family support, and interpersonal apprehension...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983897/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-veterans-with-depression-and-suicidal-ideation
#17
Gregory K Brown, Bradley E Karlin, Mickey Trockel, Maria Gordienko, Jerry Yesavage, C Barr Taylor
The current study examined suicidal ideation (SI) and depression outcomes among Veterans receiving Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for depression (CBT-D) throughout the Department of Veterans Affairs health care system. Patient outcomes included Beck Depression Inventory-II total score and SI item. Of 902 patients, 427 (47%) had no SI, 405 (45%) had SI but no suicidal intent, 26 (3%) indicated suicidal desire, 8 (1%) indicated suicide intent if they had the chance, and 36 (4%) did not answer this question at session one...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983456/frequency-of-exposure-to-and-engagement-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-inpatient-adolescents
#18
Lian Zhu, Nicholas J Westers, Sarah E Horton, Jessica D King, Andrew Diederich, Sunita M Stewart, Betsy D Kennard
This study examined the relationship between frequency of exposure to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and engagement in NSSI among adolescents. Ninety inpatient adolescents with a history of NSSI, ages 12 to 17, completed a structured interview. The majority of participants had learned about NSSI prior to initiating the behavior themselves. More frequent exposure to specific methods of NSSI was associated with greater frequency of using those same methods. Greater exposure to NSSI in the media and seeking out NSSI content were related to greater frequency of engagement in NSSI...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983364/reviewing-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-suicidal-behavior
#19
Megan Chesin, Alejandro Interian, Anna Kline, Christopher Benjamin-Phillips, Miriam Latorre, Barbara Stanley
This article describes the rationale for using mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) to prevent suicidal behavior in high suicide-risk individuals. A narrative review of studies testing the feasibility of MBIs with individuals at risk for suicidal behavior and the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing suicidality was conducted. Studies testing the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing deficits specific to suicide attempters among depressed individuals were also reviewed as were studies examining moderators of MBI treatment adherence and effectiveness to the extent that these might suggest possible limitations to using MBIs with high suicide-risk individuals...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26953789/the-interactive-effect-of-major-depression-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-on-current-suicide-risk-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#20
Anne C Knorr, Matthew T Tull, Michael D Anestis, Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Mary F Bennett, Kim L Gratz
UNLABELLED: This study examined the main and interactive effects of MDD and lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) on current suicide risk and past suicide attempts. We predicted that individuals with a history of NSSI and current MDD would be at greater suicide risk than those with either risk factor alone. An interaction between lifetime MDD and NSSI was hypothesized for past suicide attempts. 204 substance dependent inpatients completed self-report measures and a diagnostic interview...
October 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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