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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024351/protective-factors-of-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour-relevant-to-emergency-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-post-2007-reviews
#1
Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings. METHODS: A systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015)...
July 19, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024342/a-test-of-the-three-step-theory-of-suicide-among-chinese-people-a-study-based-on-the-ideation-to-action-framework
#2
Li Yang, Xinchun Liu, Wei Chen, Ling Li
The aim of this study was to test the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of Suicide in a sample of college students in China (N = 1097). All participants completed a battery of questionnaires indexing psychological pain, hopelessness, connectedness, suicide capacity, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. The prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempt among the sample were 21.42% and 3.83%, respectively. The hierarchical regression analysis showed that psychological pain and hopelessness interacted to predict suicide ideation, and that connectedness was the most protective against ideation in those high on both pain and hopelessness...
July 19, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985770/stakeholder-perspectives-on-using-and-developing-the-myplan-suicide-prevention-mobile-phone-application-a-focus-group-study
#3
Niels Buus, Annette Erlangsen, Jo River, Kate Andreasson, Hanne Frandsen, Jette Louise Skovgaard Larsen, Merete Nordentoft, Anette Juel
OBJECTIVE: To explore different stakeholder perspectives on the MYPLAN app for suicide prevention safety planning. METHODS: The study was a comparative analysis of four focus groups with Danish MYPLAN stakeholders, young users, adult users, relatives, and clinicians. The focus groups were audio recorded, transcribed, and subjected to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis contextualised the participants' experiences of the benefits and limitations of MYPLAN...
July 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952739/self-injury-age-of-onset-a-risk-factor-for-nssi-severity-and-suicidal-behavior
#4
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Nensi Xhunga, Amy M Brausch
OBJECTIVE: This study replicates and extends prior work by examining how age of NSSI onset relates to NSSI severity, suicidal behavior, perceived recovery from NSSI, and protective factors of life satisfaction, resilience, and subjective happiness. METHODS: University students who reported engaging in NSSI within the past year (n = 644) completed on-line questionnaires assessing NSSI characteristics, suicidal behavior, and protective factors. RESULTS: Participants who began self-injuring at or before age 12 reported significantly more lifetime acts of NSSI, greater method versatility, and medically severe NSSI than those who began NSSI at older ages (17years)...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952737/cannabis-use-disorder-and-post-deployment-suicide-attempts-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans
#5
Kelsie Adkisson, Katherine C Cunningham, Eric A Dedert, Michelle F Dennis, Patrick S Calhoun, Eric B Elbogen, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to use retrospective data to test the hypothesis that cannabis dependence would be associated with an increased rate of post-deployment suicide attempts. METHODS: Participants included 319 veterans who had deployed to either Iraq or Afghanistan. Study procedures involved completion of a structured clinical interview and a battery of self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: As expected, lifetime cannabis dependence was significantly associated with post-deployment suicide attempts, AOR = 7...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952724/self-injurious-behaviours-and-adult-attachment-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Andrew J Wrath, G Camelia Adams
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviours (SIB) continue to afflict a significant segment of the clinical and general population, sometimes with fatal consequences. The development of SIB seems to share developmental pathways and mechanisms similar to attachment insecurity. To date, no reviews have explored their relationship. METHODS: A search of publication databases PubMed and PsychInfo from 1969 through April 2018 was conducted. 17 papers met inclusion criteria...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952717/political-beliefs-region-of-residence-and-openness-to-firearm-means-safety-measures-to-prevent-suicide
#7
Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
Firearms account for approximately half of all suicides in the US and are highly lethal, widely available, and popular; thus, are an ideal candidate for targeted means safety interventions. However, despite their value as a suicide prevention tool, firearm means safety strategies are not widely utilized, possibly due to factors which impede openness to their use. This study examines the relationship between region, political beliefs, and openness to firearm means safety in a sample of 300 American firearm owners...
June 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889617/cognitive-affective-correlates-of-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-mindfulness-is-negatively-associated-with-suicide-attempt-history-but-not-state-suicidality
#8
Megan Chesin, Michele Cascardi
OBJECTIVES: To test whether three cognitive-affective correlates, mindfulness, emotion reactivity, and depressive symptom severity, have different associations with current suicidal ideation (SI), a history of suicide attempt (SA) and SA+SI among emerging adults. To test whether impulsive-aggression (IA) moderates associations between cognitive-affective correlates of suicidal behavior and suicidality. METHODS: Survey data on current SI, SA history, mindfulness, emotion reactivity, depressive symptom severity, and IA were collected from 780 emerging adults...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883280/the-relationship-between-smoking-and-suicidal-behavior-in-psychiatric-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#9
K Mikael Holma, Irina Holma, Mikko Ketokivi, Maria A Oquendo, Erkki Isometsä
OBJECTIVES: Smoking frequently associates with suicidal behavior, but also with confounding other risk factors. We investigated, whether smoking independently predicts suicidal ideation, attempts (SAs), or modifies risk of SAs during major depressive episodes (MDEs). METHODS: In the Vantaa Depression Study (VDS), a five-year prospective study of psychiatric patients (N = 269) with major depressive disorder (MDD), we investigated the association of suicidal ideation and smoking, and smoking as an independent risk factor for SAs in two-level analyses of risk during MDEs...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883272/suicide-notes-their-utility-in-understanding-the-motivations-behind-suicide-and-preventing-future-ones
#10
Gerard Niveau, Estelle Frioud, Diego Aguiar, Patrick Ruch, Olivia Auckenthaler, Justin Baudraz, Tony Fracasso
Among the different research methods on suicide notes, the theoretical conceptual approach allows a particularly thorough understanding of the suicidal act. The present study focuses on 78 suicide notes collected in Geneva, Switzerland, between 2006 and 2014. The socio-demographic and medical data of the writers' notes were collected. The conceptual content of the notes was analyzed by two independent raters using the Leenaars method. The results showed that the concepts that appeared most frequently in the notes were: Inability to adjust, Rejection-agression, Unbearable pain and Ego...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883258/gender-differences-in-risk-factors-related-to-suicidal-ideation-among-callers-to-telephone-helplines-in-spain
#11
Pedro Villanueva, Alfonso Arteaga, Javier Fernández-Montalvo
OBJECTIVES: The main goals of this study were to determine the prevalence rate of suicidal ideation among callers to a Spanish telephone helpline (Teléfono de la Esperanza) and to identify gender-based characteristics and risk factors related to suicidal ideation. METHOD: A sample of 10,765 (6,868 men and 3,897 women) callers to this telephone helpline was assessed. ATENSIS, an assessment tool designed to collect information related to suicidal ideation among callers to telephone helplines, was used...
June 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856679/the-number-and-characteristics-of-newspaper-and-twitter-reports-on-suicides-and-road-traffic-deaths-in-young-people
#12
Jonathan Scourfield, Gualtiero Colombo, Pete Burnap, Rhiannon Evans, Nina Jacob, Matthew Williams, Sarah Caul
OBJECTIVES: In the light of concern about the harmful effects of media reporting of suicides and a lack of comparative research, this study compares the number and characteristics of reports on young people's suicides and road traffic accidents (RTAs) in newspapers and Twitter. METHODS: Comparison of newspaper and Twitter reporting of deaths by suicide and RTA in young people (11-18) during a six-month period. RESULTS: Tweets about young people's suicides were more numerous than newspaper reports...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847300/commentary-on-suicide-screening-tools-for-use-with-incarcerated-offenders
#13
Amanda E Perry, Simon Gilbody
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792569/the-relationship-between-suicidal-responses-and-traumatic-brain-injury-and-severe-insomnia-in-active-duty-veteran-and-civilian-populations
#14
Kelly A Soberay, Jetta E Hanson, Megan Dwyer, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how a positive traumatic brain injury (TBI) screening and insomnia severity relates to suicidal outcomes across active duty, veteran, and civilian samples. METHODS: Data were used from 3,993 participants from 19 studies. We conducted a series of analyses by group to identify which significantly differed on the variables of interest. RESULTS: TBI and insomnia each had independent relationships with outcomes over and above the impact of the other factor...
May 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791306/cause-of-caregiver-death-and-surviving-caregiver-coping-style-predict-thwarted-belongingness-in-bereaved-youth
#15
Michelle E Roley-Roberts, Ryan M Hill, Christopher M Layne, Hayley Goldenthal, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVES: Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. METHODS: Forty-three caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7-13 years old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating associations between hypothesized bereavement-related contextual factors and youth thwarted belongingness...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791304/common-pathways-to-nssi-and-suicide-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-self-compassion
#16
Penelope Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Amy Finlay-Jones, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether rumination and self-compassion moderate and/or mediate the relationships between negative affect and both non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide ideation. METHODS: Undergraduate university students (n = 415) completed well-validated measures of negative affect, rumination, self-compassion, NSSI, and suicide ideation. RESULTS: Neither rumination nor self-compassion moderated associations between negative affect and NSSI and suicide ideation...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791303/suicide-timing-in-18-states-of-the-united-states-from-2003-2014
#17
Niu Tian, Matthew Zack, Katherine A Fowler, Dale C Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVES: We investigated suicide timing over different time periods by age, sex and race/ethnicity. METHODS: 122,107 suicide deaths were identified from the population-based U.S. National Violent Death Reporting System in 18 U.S. States from 2003 through 2014. RESULTS: Suicides significantly increased (p < 0.05) from March to peak in September before falling, the first week of the month, and early in the week. Suicides also significantly increased (p < 0...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791300/which-chart-elements-accurately-identify-emergency-department-visits-for-suicidal-ideation-or-behavior
#18
Sarah A Arias, Edwin D Boudreaux, Elizabeth Chen, Ivan Miller, Carlos A Camargo, Richard N Jones, Lisa Uebelacker
OBJECTIVE: In an emergency department (ED) sample, we investigated the concordance between identification of suicide-related visits through standardized comprehensive chart review versus a subset of three specific chart elements: ICD-9-CM codes, free-text presenting complaints, and free-text physician discharge diagnoses. METHODS: Review of medical records for adults (≥18 years) at eight EDs across the United States. RESULTS: A total of 3,776 charts were reviewed...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791280/the-effects-of-publicized-suicide-deaths-on-subsequent-suicide-counts-in-israel
#19
Shelly S Bakst, Yakir Berdechenko, Tali Braun, Tamy Shohat
This study investigated associations between indiscriminate media reporting of suicides and later inflated suicide counts among Israel's general population between the years 2008 through 2012. Self-inflicted deaths that received post-suicide media exposure (referred to as 'publicized suicides') were selected via Google news search-hit appraisals. Distributions of suicides were inspected and Risk Ratios (RRs) estimated by comparing population suicide rates 4-weeks before and 4-weeks after each publicized suicide ('reference' vs...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791276/isolating-the-association-of-sleep-depressive-state-and-other-independent-indicators-for-suicide-ideation-in-united-states-teenagers
#20
Lynn M Whitmore, Tyler C Smith
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demographic, behavioral, and other factors found to be associated. Sleep durations of 4-5 hours and 6-7 hours per night were associated with approximately 75-80% and 20-40% increased adjusted odds of suicide ideation, as compared to teens sleeping the recommended 8 hours or more, and should be considered as a potential important indicator for adolescent suicidal ideation in in primary-care screens...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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