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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120269/the-association-between-racial-discrimination-and-suicidality-among-african-american-adolescents-and-young-adults
#1
Suraj Arshanapally, Kimberly B Werner, Carolyn E Sartor, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association between racial discrimination and suicidality (ideation, plan, or attempt) in African American adolescents and young adults (n = 806, mean age = 17.9 years). METHODS: Structured psychiatric phone interviews were conducted in offspring and their mothers in a high-risk alcoholism family study. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses using offspring own racial discrimination as a predictor revealed elevated odds of suicidality, even after adjusting for correlated psychiatric conditions (OR = 1...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111913/mental-health-symptomatology-and-exposure-to-non-fatal-suicidal-behavior-factors-that-predict-vulnerability-and-resilience-among-college-students
#2
Jamison S Bottomley, Seth Abrutyn, Melissa A Smigelsky, Robert A Neimeyer
Despite efforts to identify risk factors following exposure to completed suicide, research has paid less attention to the associations between exposure to non-fatal suicide behavior (NFSB) and mental health symptomatology-factors that may underlie one's susceptibility to future suicidal thoughts and behaviors. This study examined differences in mental health symptomatology among 192 college students exposed to NFSB and 202 exposed to general stressors. Results indicated that students exposed to NFSB had significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety compared to those exposed to a variety of other stressors but not NFSB...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111903/suicide-acceptability-and-sexual-orientation-results-from-the-general-social-survey-2008-2014
#3
John R Blosnich, Megan C Lytle, Robert W S Coulter, Darren L Whitfield
OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals have higher prevalence of lifetime suicide ideation and attempt than their heterosexual peers, but less is known about differences in suicide acceptability (i.e., believing suicide is a viable answer to a problem). The purpose of this study was to examine if LGB adults had greater suicide acceptability than heterosexual adults. METHODS: Four items in the General Social Surveys from 2008-2014 assessed whether a nationally representative sample of US adult respondents (n = 5,037) thought it acceptable for individuals to kill themselves if one: goes bankrupt, dishonors their family, is tired of living, or has an incurable disease...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990863/when-doctors-struggle-current-stressors-and-evaluation-recommendations-for-physicians-contemplating-suicide
#4
Elizabeth Brooks, Michael H Gendel, Sarah R Early, Doris C Gundersen
OBJECTIVE: Document current risk factors associated with physicians' suicide ideation among a group of doctors enrolled in a Physician Health Program. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study drawn from administrative data. Compared intake information between doctors who reported recent thoughts of suicide (n = 70) and those who did not (n = 1,572) using adjusted regression analysis. RESULTS: Current stressors included personal, financial, health and occupational problems; ideation was more likely with multiple stressors...
October 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980884/public-perceptions-of-self-harm-perceived-motivations-of-and-willingness-to-help-in-response-to-adolescent-self-harm
#5
Emma Nielsen, Ellen Townsend
We investigated public perceptions of, and responses to, adolescent self-harm - an under-researched topic, given that the majority of self-harm in this group is not disclosed to formal support services. Participants (N = 355, aged 18-67 years) were presented with one of ten vignettes and completed self-report measures assessing perceived motivations for self-harm and helping/rejecting responses. Vignettes were manipulated across conditions for stated motivation, controllability of stated cause and presentation format...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934077/parent-adolescent-acculturation-gap-and-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-from-an-emergency-department
#6
Ana Ortin, Regina Miranda, Lillian Polanco-Roman, David Shaffer
OBJECTIVES: Examine the impact of parent-adolescent acculturation gap on vulnerability to suicidal ideation among adolescents presenting to an emergency department with suicidal behavior. METHODS: Multiethnic sample of adolescents (n = 43) and their parents (n = 43) completed an acculturation measure, and adolescents reported on emotion reactivity, hopelessness, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation. RESULTS: The direction of the association between suicidal ideation and vulnerability variables varied depending on size of acculturation gap...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925807/suicide-risk-among-holocaust-survivors-following-psychiatric-hospitalizations-a-historic-cohort-study
#7
Ido Lurie, Nehama Goldberger, Adi Gur, Ziona Haklai
OBJECTIVES: The association between Holocaust experience, suicide and psychiatric hospitalization has not been unequivocally established. The aim of this study was to determine the risk of suicide among three Jewish groups with past or current psychiatric hospitalizations: Holocaust survivors (HS), survivors of pre- Holocaust persecution (early HS) and a comparison group of similar European background who did not experience Holocaust persecution. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study based on the Israel National Psychiatric Case Register (NPCR) and the database of causes of death, all suicides in the years 1981-2009 were found for HS (n = 16,406), early HS (n = 1,212) and a comparison group (n = 4,286)...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885089/non-suicidal-self-injury-elevates-suicide-risk-among-united-states-military-personnel-with-lifetime-attempted-suicide
#8
Margaret M Baer, Jessica M LaCroix, Joy C Browne, Helena O Hassen, Kanchana U Perera, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVES: Military psychiatric inpatients with and without a lifetime history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), combined with a history of at least one suicide attempt, were compared on suicide ideation severity, number of suicide attempts, and Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide variables. METHODS: Data was derived from baseline assessments performed in a psychotherapy randomized controlled trial. Lifetime history of NSSI and lifetime number of suicide attempts were assessed using the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS; Posner et al...
September 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854122/the-differentiating-role-of-state-and-trait-hopelessness-in-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempt
#9
Erin M Burr, Ryan L Rahm-Knigge, Bradley T Conner
With suicide being a leading cause of death in the U.S., (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013 ), research must aim to increase efficacious prevention methods. The purpose of the present study was to gain greater understanding of the difference between suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Previous research emphasizes the role of hopelessness in attempts and ideation (Acosta et al., 2012 ; Bagge, Lamis, Nadorff, & Osman, 2014 ). Yet while hopelessness offers predictive value to suicide attempt, it fails in discriminating between suicide attempters and suicide ideators (Acosta et al...
August 30, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849449/suicide-in-relation-to-the-experience-of-stressful-life-events-a-population-based-study
#10
Rita Fjeldsted, Thomas William Teasdale, Martin Jensen, Annette Erlangsen
Stressful life events have been associated with high risk of suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to examine whether persons who died by suicide in Denmark had more frequently been exposed to stressful life events, specifically divorce, death of a close relative, exposure to violence, and imprisonment, when compared to gender and age-matched controls. Data from Danish national registers were obtained for the period of 2000-2010 and a nested case-control design was applied. The association between exposure to stressful life events and suicide was examined using logistic regression analysis...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845618/an-empirical-analysis-of-internet-message-boards-for-self-harming-behavior
#11
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott
Much debate surrounds the potential effects of self-harm forum use. Arguments in favor highlight factors such as providing access to a supportive community. However critical voice highlighting potential dangers such as forums serving as a platform to promote self-harm, clearly dominate the debate. Using an online questionnaire, the goal of the current study was to examine sociodemographic characteristics, the psychopathology of forum users, motives for participating, and subjective effects of self-harm forum use...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726519/attachment-emotion-regulation-childhood-abuse-and-assault-examining-predictors-of-nssi-among-adolescents
#12
Ruth Tatnell, Penelope Hasking, Louise Newman, John Taffe, Graham Martin
In this study we examined the relative risk of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) associated with a history of physical and sexual abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships, and poor emotion regulation among adolescents. A total of 2,637 adolescents (aged 12-15 years) completed questionnaires at 3 time-points: baseline, 12, and 24 months later. Across the study, 9.4% reported a history of NSSI. Each of past or recent abuse/assault, poor attachment relationships, and poor emotion regulation was associated with NSSI...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700862/life-is-precious-a-community-based-program-to-reduce-suicidal-behavior-in-latina-adolescents
#13
Jennifer L Humensky, Beatriz Coronel, Rosa Gil, Silvia Mazzula, Roberto Lewis-Fernández
Latina adolescents have high rates of suicidal behavior. Life is Precious (LIP), a community-based program in New York City, helps adolescents and families address risk factors facing Latinas. Participants are assessed for suicidal ideation, depressive and other psychiatric symptoms, and family functioning, at program entry and every 4 months during participation. Demographic characteristics and suicide attempts are also tracked. In the study period, there were no attempted or completed suicides in this high-risk population...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673557/the-double-edged-sword-outward-and-inward-directed-aggression-among-war-combatants
#14
Avigal Snir, Liat Itzhaky, Zahava Solomon
Inspired by the two-stage model of countervailing forces, we explored the mechanism underlining inward and outward aggression among ex-combatants. Israeli veterans (N = 230) reported their partner's violence (outward aggression), suicidal ideation (inward aggression), aggressive impulses, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), paranoid ideation and guilt. Suicidal ideation was related to aggressive impulses only in the presence of PTSD, or under high guilt; whereas paranoid ideation buffered these effects...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668347/an-examination-of-united-states-air-force-suicide-decedents-based-on-documented-suicide-attempt-histories
#15
Kristen Kochanski-Ruscio, Elicia Nademin, Kanchana Perera, Jessica M LaCroix, Margaret Baer, Helena O Hassen, Maj David Englert, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
In this study, we compared United States military decedents who died by suicide on their first attempt with decedents who had made multiple attempts. Death investigation files for 217 United States Air Force (USAF) personnel who died by suicide between 1996 and 2006 were coded for demographic, psychosocial, and psychiatric characteristics. Among USAF suicide decedents, 77% died by suicide on their first attempt and 23% had a documented history of at least one prior attempt. Decedents with a history of prior attempts were more likely to have an interpersonal stressor within 3 months of death and were twice as likely to have a documented Axis I diagnosis...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602541/supporting-reporting-on-the-positive-effects-of-text-and-video-based-awareness-material-on-responsible-journalistic-suicide-news-writing
#16
Sebastian Scherr, Florian Arendt, Markus Schäfer
Suicide is a global public health problem. Media impact on suicide is well confirmed and there are several recommendations on how media should and should not report on suicide to minimize the risk of copycat behavior. Those media guidelines have been developed to improve responsible reporting on suicide (RRS). Although such guidelines are used in several countries, we lack empirical evidence on their causal effect on actual journalistic news writing. We conducted an experiment with journalism students (N = 78) in Germany in which we tested whether exposure to awareness material promoting RRS influences news writing...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552340/symptoms-of-depression-positive-symptoms-of-psychosis-and-suicidal-ideation-among-adults-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-within-the-clinical-antipsychotic-trials-of-intervention-effectiveness
#17
Lindsay A Bornheimer, James Jaccard
Suicide is among leading causes of death for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia. While symptoms of depression are consistently supported factors involved in suicidal ideation, findings on the role of positive symptoms of psychosis have been mixed with limited understandings of risk. Accordingly, this study aimed to identify the pathways of influence between symptoms of depression, positive symptoms of psychosis (i.e. hallucinations and delusions), and suicidal ideation. Data were obtained from the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE; n = 1,460)...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440417/the-relationship-of-self-reported-executive-functioning-to-suicide-ideation-and-attempts-findings-from-a-large-u-s-based-online-sample
#18
Boaz Y Saffer, E David Klonsky
An increasing number of studies demonstrate that individuals with a history of suicidality exhibit impaired executive functioning abilities. The current study examines whether these differences are linked to suicidal thoughts or suicidal acts-a crucial distinction given that most people who think about suicide will not act on their thoughts. A large online sample of U.S. participants with a history of suicide ideation (n = 197), suicide attempts (n = 166), and no suicidality (n = 180) completed self-report measures assessing executive functioning, suicide ideation and attempts; in addition, depression, self-efficacy, and history of drug abuse and brain injury were assessed as potential covariates...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435680/agitation-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-current-suicidal-ideation-in-the-military
#19
Karin Fisher, Claire Houtsma, Brittney L Assavedo, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
Research has established a link between agitation and insomnia, both of which are considered to be risk factors for suicide. The present study aimed to investigate the moderating role of agitation within the relationship between insomnia and current suicidal ideation in a sample of U.S. military personnel. Consistent with hypotheses, the relationship between insomnia and current suicidal ideation was significant only at high levels of agitation. Results support previous findings indicating that both insomnia and agitation are suicide risk factors...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310106/increased-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-co-occurring-bipolar-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Julia M Carter, Timothy J Arentsen, Matthew J Cordova, Josef Ruzek, Robert Reiser, Trisha Suppes, Michael J Ostacher
Suicide risk increases for those with Bipolar Disorder or PTSD, however little research has focused on risk for co-occurring Bipolar Disorder and PTSD. The aim of this article was to evaluate increased suicide risk in co-occurring disorders, and differences in suicide risk for patients with Bipolar I versus Bipolar II. This study evaluated suicide risk in patients with co-occurring PTSD and Bipolar Disorder (n = 3,158), using the MADRS and Suicide Questionnaire. Those with history of PTSD had significantly higher suicidal ideation than those without (U = 1063375...
October 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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