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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166461/factors-associated-with-suicide-in-four-age-groups-a-population-based-study
#1
S O'Neill, E Ennis, C Corry, B Bunting
: Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N = 1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166453/use-of-prescription-medication-by-individuals-who-died-by-suicide-in-northern-ireland
#2
Tony Benson, Colette Corry, Siobhan O'Neill, Sam Murphy, Brendan Bunting
OBJECTIVES: To understand medication use prior to suicide in relation to patterns, polypharmacy and adherence. METHODS: 1,371 suicide cases were coded and latent class analysis used to identify combinations of medications prescribed prior to death. RESULTS: Two thirds had been prescribed medication with 30.7% prescribed three or more. Latent class analysis revealed three classes: Mixed medication use, primarily mental medication use, and baseline/low medication use...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157444/religious-coping-style-and-cultural-worldview-are-associated-with-suicide-ideation-among-african-american-adults
#3
Rheeda L Walker, Temilola Salami, Sierra Carter, Kelci C Flowers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether specific religious coping styles and cultural worldview would be associated with thoughts of suicide given higher levels of stress in a community-based sample of African American adults. METHOD: African American men and women (n = 134) completed measures of religious coping, cultural worldview, stressful life events, depression symptoms, and suicide ideation. RESULTS: Higher ratings of suicide ideation were observed for African Americans who endorsed a more self-directing religious coping style...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121238/frequency-and-methods-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-acquired-capability-for-suicide-among-adolescents
#4
Jacquelyn Matney, Nicholas J Westers, Sarah E Horton, Jessica D King, Michael Eaddy, Graham J Emslie, Betsy D Kennard, Sunita M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To test the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) proposal that the association of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) with suicide attempt is mediated by acquired capability. METHODS: Inpatient adolescents (n = 134) reported on suicide ideation and attempts, NSSI frequency and methods, depressive symptoms, and acquired capability for suicide. RESULTS: Consistent with the IPTS, both measures of NSSI were positively associated with acquired capability after accounting for depressive symptoms and past history of attempts...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121237/screening-to-identify-groups-of-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-using-latent-class-analysis-of-reported-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#5
Joanna Herres, Tamar Kodish, Joel Fein, Guy Diamond
Latent class analysis of medical records data from 3,523 emergency department (ED) patients (ages 14-24; 31% Caucasian; 67% female) distinguished six groups with varying histories of suicidal ideation and behavior based on items endorsed on the Behavioral Health Screen, a web based, nurse-initiated screening tool. As expected, the more severe suicidality groups reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, traumatic distress, and substance abuse symptoms. Findings support the validity of the BHS and its utility as a medical decision tool to help ED staff evaluate the severity of patients' suicidality...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071982/longitudinal-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-for-a-diverse-adolescent-sample-of-native-hawaiians-pacific-peoples-and-asian-americans
#6
Earl S Hishinuma, Myra D Smith, Kayne McCarthy, Mark Lee, Deborah A Goebert, Jeanelle J Sugimoto-Matsuda, Naleen N Andrade, Jacques B Philip, Jane J Chung-Do, Reid S Hamamoto, Joy K L Andrade
The objective of this study was to determine the longitudinal predictors of past-6-month suicide attempts for a diverse adolescent sample of Native Hawaiians, Pacific peoples, and Asian Americans. The study used longitudinal data from the Hawaiian High Schools Health Survey (N = 2,083, 9th to 11th graders, 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 school years). A stepwise multiple logistic regression was conducted. The final model consisted of three statistically significant predictors: (1) Time 1 suicide attempt, odds ratio = 30...
January 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010177/insight-into-the-stigma-of-suicide-loss-survivors-factor-analyses-of-family-stereotypes-prejudices-and-discriminations
#7
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja, Stanley Lewy, Deborah R Major, Jessica Mead, Megghun Redmon, Charles T Rubey, Stephanie Weber
Families of individuals who die by suicide report public stigma that threatens their well-being. This study used a community-based participatory (CBPR) approach to describe a factor structure for the family stigma of suicide. Candidate items (n = 82) from a previous qualitative study were presented in an online survey format. Members of the public (n = 232) indicated how much they thought items represented public views and behaviors towards family members who lost a loved one to suicide. Factor analyses revealed two factors for stereotypes (dysfunctional, blameworthy), one factor for prejudice (fear and distrust), and three factors for discrimination (exclusion, secrecy, and avoidance)...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223657/perspectives-of-suicide-bereaved-individuals-on-military-suicide-decedents-life-stressors-and-male-gender-role-stress
#8
A Graham Sterling, Jennifer L Bakalar, Kanchana U Perera, Kathryn A DeYoung, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Diana Haigney, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
The objective of this study was to pilot the newly developed Male Gender Role Stressor Inventory (MGRSI) in military suicide bereaved (i.e., decedents' family members and significant others) and to determine the association between Male Gender Role Stress (MGRS) and other life stressors observed by survivors. Sixty-five survivors attending a national survivor seminar completed original surveys, reporting demographic information about themselves and the decedent and observations of the decedent's life stressors during the 1-month and 1-year periods prior to death...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096810/staff-views-of-an-emergency-department-intervention-using-safety-planning-and-structured-follow-up-with-suicidal-veterans
#9
Megan S Chesin, Barbara Stanley, Emily A P Haigh, Sadia R Chaudhury, Kristin Pontoski, Kerry L Knox, Gregory K Brown
The objective of this study is to summarize staff perceptions of the acceptability and utility of the safety planning and structured post-discharge follow-up contact intervention (SPI-SFU), a suicide prevention intervention that was implemented and tested in five Veterans Affairs Medical Center emergency departments (EDs). A purposive sampling approach was used to identify 50 staff member key informants. Interviews were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis. Almost all staff perceived the intervention as helpful in connecting SPI-SFU participants to follow-up services...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049588/college-students-sense-of-coherence-and-connectedness-as-predictors-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors
#10
David J Drum, Chris Brownson, Elaine A Hess, Adryon Burton Denmark, Anna E Talley
This study aimed to explore the relationship between college students' sense of coherence and connectedness and their development of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Using archival data from a larger survey with responses from 26,742 undergraduate and graduate students at 74 colleges and universities, we applied Exploratory Factor Analysis to derive these protective factors (coherence and connectedness) as well as hypothesized distal and proximal risk factors (pre-existing vulnerabilities and distress). Structural Equation Modeling was used to explore latent variable interactions among these factors with regards to outcomes on a continuum of suicidal thinking and behavior...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984769/testing-the-efficacy-of-attention-bias-modification-for-suicidal-thoughts-findings-from-two-experiments
#11
Christine B Cha, Sadia Najmi, Nader Amir, John D Matthews, Charlene A Deming, Jeffrey J Glenn, Rachelle M Calixte, Julia A Harris, Matthew K Nock
This study explores whether four sessions of attention bias modification (ABM) decreases suicide-specific attentional bias. We conducted two experiments where suicide ideators completed either a Training or Control version of ABM, a computer-based intervention intended to target attentional bias. Suicide-specific attentional bias was measured using adapted Stroop and probe discrimination tasks. The first experiment with community-based suicide ideators did not show that ABM impacts attentional bias or suicidal ideation...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984644/suicide-ideation-is-related-to-therapeutic-alliance-in-a-brief-therapy-for-attempted-suicide
#12
Anja C Gysin-Maillart, Leila M Soravia, Armin Gemperli, Konrad Michel
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of therapeutic alliance on suicide ideation as outcome measure in a brief therapy for patients who attempted suicide. Sixty patients received the 3-session therapy supplemented by follow-up contact through regular letters. Therapeutic alliance was measured with the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ). Outcome at 6 and 12 months was measured with the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS). Therapeutic alliance increased from session 1 to session 3. Higher alliance measures correlated with lower suicidal ideation at 12 months follow-up...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983580/differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-in-women-and-men-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Karolina Krysinska, Philip J Batterham, Helen Christensen
The objective of this study was to explore outcomes of preventive programs and psychosocial treatments for suicidal ideation and behaviour in gender sub-groups in mixed gender studies and in studies limited to one gender. The method used was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which included women or men only, or reported and/or examined outcomes of psychosocial interventions in mixed gender samples. A total of 27 (18%) of RCTs reported or examined differences in intervention outcomes...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910048/the-patient-safety-screener-validation-of-a-brief-suicide-risk-screener-for-emergency-department-settings
#14
Edwin D Boudreaux, Michelle L Jaques, Kaitlyn M Brady, Adam Matson, Michael H Allen
This study evaluated the concurrent validity of a brief suicide risk screener for adults in the emergency department (ED). Two versions of the verbally administered Patient Safety Screener (2-item, 3-item) were compared to a reference standard, the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI). Analyses included measures of agreement (Kappa). Agreement between the Patient Safety Screener-2 and -3 and the BSSI (n = 951) was almost perfect for overall positive screening (K = 0.94-0.95) and past suicide attempts (K = 0...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821811/ecological-momentary-assessment-is-a-neglected-methodology-in-suicidology
#15
Collin L Davidson, Michael D Anestis, Peter M Gutierrez
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a group of research methods that collect data frequently, in many contexts, and in real-world settings. EMA has been fairly neglected in suicidology. The current article provides an overview of EMA for suicidologists including definitions, data collection considerations, and different sampling strategies. Next, the benefits of EMA in suicidology (i.e., reduced recall bias, accurate tracking of fluctuating variables, testing assumptions of theories, use in interventions), participant safety considerations, and examples of published research that investigate self-directed violence variables using EMA are discussed...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26645313/psychological-distress-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-mediating-roles-of-rumination-cognitive-reappraisal-and-expressive-suppression
#16
Sally Richmond, Penelope Hasking, Rebecca Meaney
This study sought to explore the relationships between depression, anxiety, stress, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and the mediating roles of rumination and emotion regulation in this relationship. The sample comprised 1,586 Australian university students who completed a self-report questionnaire assessing the relevant variables. Of the sample, 8.9% engaged in NSSI in the 4 weeks prior to the survey. Depression, anxiety, and stress each exerted a direct effect on NSSI, and each relationship was mediated by cognitive reappraisal...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856390/alexithymia-suicide-ideation-c-reactive-protein-and-serum-lipid-levels-among-outpatients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#17
Domenico De Berardis, Nicola Serroni, Daniela Campanella, Stefano Marini, Gabriella Rapini, Alessandro Valchera, Felice Iasevoli, Monica Mazza, Michele Fornaro, Giampaolo Perna, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Giovanni Martinotti, Massimo Di Giannantonio
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between alexithymia, suicide ideation, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), and serum lipid levels in adult outpatients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Seventy consecutive patients with GAD were recruited and evaluated. Measures were the Hamilton Anxiety Scale, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), the Scale of Suicide Ideation (SSI), and the Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). All patients were assessed for: CRP, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceridaemia (TG), and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C)...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25774646/postcards-in-persia-a-twelve-to-twenty-four-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-hospital-treated-deliberate-self-poisoning
#18
Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Saeedeh Sarjami, Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Terry Lewin, Gregory Carter
This study reports the outcomes, during follow-up, of a low-cost postcard intervention in a Randomized Control Trial of hospital-treated self-poisoning (n = 2300). The intervention was 9 postcards over 12 months (plus usual treatment) versus usual treatment. Three binary endpoints at 12-24 months (n = 2001) were: any suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, or self-cutting. There was a significant reduction in any suicidal ideation (RRR 0.20 CI 95% 0.13-0.27), (NNT 8, 6-13), and any suicide attempt (RRR 0.31, 0...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25764273/impulsivity-mental-disorder-and-suicide-in-rural-china
#19
Lin Lin, Jie Zhang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among impulsivity, mental disorder, and suicide with a sample of rural young Chinese. Subjects were 392 consecutively recruited male and female suicides aged 15-34 years and 416 community male and female controls of the same age range sampled in rural China. The case-control data were obtained using psychological autopsy with structured and semi-structured instruments. Dysfunctional impulsivity was a significant risk factor regardless of mental disorder in rural China...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25764051/self-harm-in-adolescents-a-self-report-survey-in-schools-from-lisbon-portugal
#20
Diogo Frasquilho Guerreiro, Daniel Sampaio, Maria Luísa Figueira, Nicola Madge
The study aims to determine the prevalence of self-harm (SH) and related psychosocial factors in a large sample of Portuguese adolescents. A total of 1,713 pupils, aged 12 to 20 years, completed an anonymous questionnaire in a school setting. In all, 7.3% reported at least 1 episode of SH: rates were 3 times higher for females than males. Almost half reported repeated SH, most commonly self-cutting. Anxiety, depression, and substance abuse were linked to SH, and particularly repeated SH. Anxiety, trouble with the police, and exposure to SH or suicide of others, were independently associated with SH in both genders...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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