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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952717/political-beliefs-region-of-residence-and-openness-to-firearm-means-safety-measures-to-prevent-suicide
#1
Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
Firearms account for approximately half of all suicides in the United States and are highly lethal, widely available, and popular; thus, are an ideal candidate for targeted means safety interventions. However, despite their value as a suicide prevention tool, firearm means safety strategies are not widely utilized, possibly due to factors which impede openness to their use. This study examines the relationship between region, political beliefs, and openness to firearm means safety in a sample of 300 American firearm owners...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791304/common-pathways-to-nssi-and-suicide-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-self-compassion
#2
Penelope Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Amy Finlay-Jones, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
We investigated whether rumination and self-compassion moderate and/or mediate the relationships between negative affect and both non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide ideation. Undergraduate university students (n = 415) completed well-validated measures of negative affect, rumination, self-compassion, NSSI, and suicide ideation. Neither rumination nor self-compassion moderated associations between negative affect and NSSI and suicide ideation. However, both rumination and self-compassion mediated associations between negative affect and lifetime history of NSSI and suicide ideation...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791276/isolating-the-association-of-sleep-depressive-state-and-other-independent-indicators-for-suicide-ideation-in-united-states-teenagers
#3
Lynn M Whitmore, Tyler C Smith
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demographic, behavioral, and other factors found to be associated. Sleep durations of 4-5 hours and 6-7 hours per night were associated with approximately 75-80% and 20-40% increased adjusted odds of suicide ideation, as compared to teens sleeping the recommended 8 hours or more, and should be considered as a potential important indicator for adolescent suicidal ideation in primary-care screens...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856679/the-number-and-characteristics-of-newspaper-and-twitter-reports-on-suicides-and-road-traffic-deaths-in-young-people
#4
Jonathan Scourfield, Gualtiero Colombo, Pete Burnap, Rhiannon Evans, Nina Jacob, Matthew Williams, Sarah Caul
In the light of concern about the harmful effects of media reporting of suicides and a lack of comparative research, this study compares the number and characteristics of reports on suicides and road traffic accidents (RTAs) in young people (aged 11-18) in newspapers and Twitter during a 6-month period. Tweets about young people's suicides were more numerous than newspaper reports. Twitter and newspaper reports were more strongly correlated for suicides than for RTAs. Recent suicides were less likely to be reported in newspapers than recent deaths by RTA...
September 5, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152727/psychological-correlates-of-self-harm-within-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-uk-university-students
#5
Peter James Taylor, Katie Dhingra, Joanne Dickson, Elizabeth McDermott
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual (LGB) status and self-harm in UK higher education students. There is currently limited data on this association, and the role psychological variables have in potentially explaining this link, in UK students. We examine whether LGB status is associated with self-harm (both non-suicidal self-injury [NSSI] and suicide attempts [SA]), and whether four psychological variables (depression, anxiety, belongingness, self-esteem) mediate this association...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152725/social-status-and-suicidal-activity-among-psychiatric-patients-moderating-effects-of-gender-race-and-psychiatric-diagnosis
#6
Kalman J Kaplan, Martin Harrow
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between suicide and social class has proved to be complex. Durkheim predicted suicide rate would increase with social status, while others thought the opposite. Results have been mixed. In some studies, suicidality has increased with increasing social status, and in other studies, the two variables have had an inverse relationship. These studies have been primarily conducted on general non-psychiatric populations Methods: The present study, in contrast, examines this relationship on a twenty-year prospective longitudinal sample of 400 psychiatric patients (differentiated by psychiatric diagnosis) after index hospitalization...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142297/older-adults-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-literature-search-identifying-zero-studies
#7
Lisbeth Hybholt, Niels Buus, Annette Erlangsen, Lene Lauge Berring
OBJECTIVE: To identify empirical studies of older adults (≥60) bereaved by the loss of a significant other to suicide. METHODS: A systematic literature search in CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS. The inclusion criteria were empirical studies investigating people bereaved by suicide at age ≥60 published in English or a Nordic language. RESULTS: 12,871 references were identified, but after screening, no articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142296/the-self-stigma-of-suicide-attempt-survivors
#8
Lindsay Sheehan, Nathalie Oexle, Rachel Dubke, Hoi Ting Wan, Patrick W Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: While suicide attempt survivors report feelings of shame and stigmatization, no published scale measures self-stigma experienced by attempt survivors. This article describes the creation and validation the Self-Stigma of Suicide Attempt Scale (SSSAS). METHODS: The SSSAS was validated in an online sample (n = 292) of suicide attempt survivors. RESULTS: Results supported the progressive model of self-stigma, wherein a substantial proportion of suicide attempt survivors were aware of stigma, but fewer applied that stigma to themselves or felt harmed by it...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142292/implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-with-suicidal-and-self-harming-adolescents-in-a-community-clinic
#9
Michele S Berk, Nicole K Starace, Vanessa P Black, Claudia Avina
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) with suicidal and self-harming adolescents treated in a community clinic. METHOD: Twenty-four adolescents at high risk for suicide were enrolled in six months of comprehensive DBT, provided by therapists and trainees at a county-run outpatient mental health clinic serving disadvantaged, ethnic minority clients. RESULTS: Results showed significant pre/post-treatment decreases in suicide attempts, non-suicidal self-injury behaviors (NSSI), and suicidal ideation...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118649/systematic-exploration-of-countertransference-phenomena-in-the-treatment-of-patients-at-risk-for-suicide
#10
Tess Soulié, Elliot Bell, Gabrielle Jenkin, Dalice Sim, Sunny Collings
Despite its critical role in clinical suicidology, empirical evidence on the nature of countertransference (CT) to patients at risk for suicide (PRS) is lacking. This study aimed to provide a systematic description of CT phenomena to PRS. Psychiatrists, psychologists and psychotherapists completed the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ) online, with reference to a PRS. Factor analysis (n = 267) yielded a seven-factor structure, including 1) entrapped/rejecting, 2) fulfilled/engaging, 3) aroused/reacting, 4) informal/boundary crossing, 5) protective/overinvolvement, 6) ambivalent/inconsistent, and 7) mistreated/controlling...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118644/evaluation-of-a-brief-suicide-prevention-training-program-for-college-campuses
#11
Heidi M Zinzow, Martie P Thompson, Crystal B Fulmer, Jennifer Goree, Leasa Evinger
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the second leading cause of death in college students. While research indicates a positive impact of gatekeeper training programs on knowledge and attitudes, few have examined change in suicide prevention behaviors. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a brief suicide prevention training for college campuses on knowledge, self-efficacy to intervene, and gatekeeper behaviors. METHOD: A longitudinal design was employed to examine changes from pretest to post-test and three-month follow-up...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118634/attachment-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-young-adolescents-the-indirect-role-of-behavioral-problems
#12
Matthew Cassels, Imke Baetens, Paul Wilkinson, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Jan R Wiersema, Karla Van Leeuwen, Glenn Kiekens
OBJECTIVE: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) often occurs before age 15, yet the majority of research on risk factors for this dangerous behavior has focused on older samples. Insecure attachment has been previously identified as a risk factor for both NSSI and behavioral problems, and behavioral problems appear to be particularly associated with NSSI among young populations. Redressing the lack of young adolescent NSSI research, the present study uses longitudinal data from a sample of young adolescents to test a model in which insecure attachment acts as a prospective risk factor for NSSI via emotional and behavioral problems...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118632/profiles-of-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-past-and-current-united-states-military-personnel-latent-profile-analysis-of-current-risk-factors
#13
Nicholas P Allan, Jill Holm-Denoma, Kenneth R Conner, Kelly L Zuromski, Kevin G Saulnier, Tracy Stecker
OBJECTIVES: Person-centered approaches are underutilized to identify people with shared risk profiles. METHODS: An at-risk sample of 773 past/current military personnel (Mage = 31.3 years, SD = 6.8) with current ideation (90.6%) and/or a prior suicide attempt (43.9%) were assessed using latent profile analysis. Variables included prior suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, alcohol/drug use, insomnia, depression, belongingness, burdensomeness, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118628/identifying-typologies-of-persons-who-died-by-suicide-characterising-suicide-in-victoria-australia
#14
Angela Clapperton, Lyndal Bugeja, Stuart Newstead, Jane Pirkis
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether people who died by suicide form groups based on demographic, psychosocial, mental and physical health factors and exposure to stressors. METHODS: Retrospective case series review of persons who died by suicide in Victoria, Australia (2009-2013). A two-stage cluster analysis was performed. RESULTS: The total sample comprised 2839 persons. Diagnosis of mental illness was present in 52% of cases. Initial analysis determined two groups with the main predictor of group membership being presence of diagnosed mental illness...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118623/need-for-affect-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-and-suicide-proneness
#15
Claire N Bryson, Robert J Cramer, Adam T Schmidt
OBJECTIVES: The present study expands upon the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS), examining its relationship with the need for affect (NFA), a construct explaining attitudes toward seeking both positive and negative emotions. METHOD: A sample of 576 emerging adults completed measures of NFA, IPTS, suicide proneness, and demographics online. RESULTS: Findings include NFA accounting for a small significant amount of suicide proneness, a positive association between approaching emotions and one indicator of suicide proneness, negative association between approaching emotions and thwarted belongingness, and positive associations between avoidance of emotions with both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847300/commentary-on-suicide-screening-tools-for-use-with-incarcerated-offenders
#16
Amanda E Perry, Simon Gilbody
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952724/self-injurious-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Andrew J Wrath, G Camelia Adams
Self-injurious behaviors (SIB) continue to afflict a significant segment of the clinical and general population, sometimes with fatal consequences. The development of SIB seems to share developmental pathways and mechanisms similar to attachment insecurity. To date, no reviews have explored their relationship. A search of publication databases PubMed and PsychInfo from 1969 through April 2018 was conducted and 17 papers met inclusion criteria. Of the 17 articles identified, 13 reported a positive relationship and 1 reported a negative relationship between attachment insecurity and SIB...
July 31, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040541/understanding-adolescents-experiences-of-self-harm-secondary-analysis-of-family-therapy-sessions-from-the-shift-trial
#18
Robert Holliday, Cathy Brennan, David Cottrell
OBJECTIVES: To explore, using first-hand accounts, adolescents' understandings of why they self-harmed, what their responses to self-harm were, and how they resisted or ceased self-harm. METHOD: Secondary analysis of video-recorded Family Therapy sessions from the Self-harm intervention: Family Therapy. Recordings of 22 participants, approximately 170 hours of footage, formed the dataset. RESULTS: Five core themes were developed; (1) Distress can be difficult to convey (2) Self-harm and suicidal ideation; a complex relationship (3) Self-harm as a form of communication (4) Self-harm to manage emotions and (5) Moving forward...
July 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024351/protective-factors-of-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour-relevant-to-emergency-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-of-post-2007-reviews
#19
Kirstie McClatchey, Jennifer Murray, Anne Rowat, Zoë Chouliara
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk which are unrecognised in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings. METHODS: A systematic review of reviews was conducted via PsycINFO, CINAHL and Medline (2007-2015)...
July 19, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024342/a-test-of-the-three-step-theory-of-suicide-among-chinese-people-a-study-based-on-the-ideation-to-action-framework
#20
Li Yang, Xinchun Liu, Wei Chen, Ling Li
The aim of this study was to test the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of Suicide in a sample of college students in China (N = 1097). All participants completed a battery of questionnaires indexing psychological pain, hopelessness, connectedness, suicide capacity, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. The prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempt among the sample were 21.42% and 3.83%, respectively. The hierarchical regression analysis showed that psychological pain and hopelessness interacted to predict suicide ideation, and that connectedness was the most protective against ideation in those high on both pain and hopelessness...
July 19, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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