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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883272/suicide-notes-their-utility-in-understanding-the-motivations-behind-suicide-and-preventing-future-ones
#1
Gerard Niveau, Estelle Frioud, Diego Aguiar, Patrick Ruch, Olivia Auckenthaler, Justin Baudraz, Tony Fracasso
Among the different research methods on suicide notes, the theoretical conceptual approach allows a particularly thorough understanding of the suicidal act. The present study focuses on 78 suicide notes collected in Geneva, Switzerland, between 2006 and 2014. The socio-demographic and medical data of the writers' notes were collected. The conceptual content of the notes was analyzed by two independent raters using the Leenaars method. The results showed that the concepts that appeared most frequently in the notes were: Inability to adjust, Rejection-aggression, Unbearable pain, and Ego...
November 13, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024342/a-test-of-the-three-step-theory-of-suicide-among-chinese-people-a-study-based-on-the-ideation-to-action-framework
#2
Li Yang, Xinchun Liu, Wei Chen, Ling Li
The aim of this study was to test the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of suicide in a sample of college students in China (N = 1,097). All participants completed a battery of questionnaires indexing psychological pain, hopelessness, connectedness, suicide capacity, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. The prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempt among the sample were 21.42% and 3.83%, respectively. The hierarchical regression analysis showed that psychological pain and hopelessness interacted to predict suicide ideation, and that connectedness was the most protective against ideation in those high on both pain and hopelessness...
October 29, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791268/differences-in-firearm-suicides-by-residential-location-in-texas-2006-2015
#3
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006-2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76-90% and 50-60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both genders during the study period. Logistic regression analysis showed a significantly higher firearm use rate (AOR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.28-1.42) among decedents who resided in nonurbanized areas...
October 15, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303461/comparing-suicide-risk-factors-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-aborted-interrupted-and-actual-suicide-attempts
#4
Megan L Rogers, Melanie A Hom, Sean P Dougherty, Austin J Gallyer, Thomas E Joiner
Recent standardized nomenclature has suggested distinctions among aborted, interrupted, and actual suicide attempts. This study examined differences in self-reported symptoms among individuals with a history of aborted, interrupted, and actual suicide attempts. 167 young adults with a history of suicidality completed self-report measures of suicide attempt history and current symptoms, a clinical interview assessing past suicidal behavior, and a pain tolerance task. Only 78.8% of participants who initially reported a suicide attempt history were classified as suicide attempters following the clinical interview...
October 10, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300119/potential-mood-variation-following-a-behavioral-analogue-of-self-injurious-behavior
#5
Brooke A Ammerman, Kristen M Sorgi, Mitchell E Berman, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
OBJECTIVE: Despite increased use of behavioral analogues to identify casual mechanisms of self-injurious behavior (e.g. suicide attempts; non-suicidal self-injury), little is known about the impact on participants. The current study examined the impact of a specific behavior analogue, Self-Aggressive Paradigm (SAP), on participant affect. METHODS: Community participants (n = 507) reported several affective ratings before and after completing SAP task procedures...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300114/the-impact-of-widely-publicized-suicides-on-search-trends-using-google-trends-to-test-the-werther-and-papageno-effects
#6
John F Gunn, Sara E Goldstein, David Lester
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of widely publicized suicides on the Werther and Papageno Effects using internet search trends. METHOD: A list of widely publicized suicides from 2010 through 2018 was compiled along with dates of death for each of these individuals. Google.com/trends data was then collected for searches for "how to suicide" and "suicide prevention" for 14 days prior to a widely publicized suicide/14 days after a widely publicized suicide and 7 days prior to a widely publicized suicide/7 days after a widely publicized suicide...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300102/dissemination-of-the-safety-planning-intervention-spi-to-university-counseling-center-clinicians-to-reduce-suicide-risk-among-college-students
#7
Kate L Stewart, Ellen V Darling, Shirley Yen, Barbara Stanley, Gregory K Brown, Lauren M Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: Suicide risk on college campuses remains a pervasive problem. Structural deficits in current clinical care models often result in sub-optimal treatment for suicidal students. This study reports on the feasibility, acceptability and utility of the Safety Planning Intervention (SPI), a brief, empirically-validated, clinician-administered suicide prevention intervention, in a university counseling center (UCC) setting. METHODS: Twelve university counseling center direct service staff completed a 2-hour training in SPI...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300101/the-relationship-between-post-battle-experiences-and-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness-in-three-united-states-military-samples
#8
Rachel L Martin, Brittney L Assavedo, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Bradley A Green, Daniel W Capron, M David Rudd, Craig J Bryan, Michael D Anestis
Suicide rates within the military are elevated relative to the general population; however, research suggests that many of the suicide risk factors for military personnel are similar to the suicide risk factors for civilians. Given that many military specific experiences (e.g. number of deployments) are not considered robust predictors of either suicidal ideation or behavior, it has been posited that deployment specific experiences (e.g. post-battle experiences) may be better able to explain the increased rates of suicide among military personnel...
October 9, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985770/stakeholder-perspectives-on-using-and-developing-the-myplan-suicide-prevention-mobile-phone-application-a-focus-group-study
#9
Niels Buus, Annette Erlangsen, Jo River, Kate Andreasson, Hanne Frandsen, Jette Louise Skovgaard Larsen, Merete Nordentoft, Anette Juel
The objective of this study was to explore different stakeholder perspectives on the MYPLAN app for suicide prevention safety planning. The study was a comparative analysis of 4 focus groups with Danish MYPLAN stakeholders, young users, adult users, relatives, and clinicians. The focus groups were audio recorded, transcribed, and subjected to a thematic analysis. The analysis contextualized the participants' experiences of the benefits and limitations of MYPLAN. While participants believed that MYPLAN could potentially interrupt early stages of a suicidal process, clinicians' involvement in safety planning was considered important...
October 8, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118632/profiles-of-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-past-and-current-united-states-military-personnel-latent-profile-analysis-of-current-risk-factors
#10
Nicholas P Allan, Jill Holm-Denoma, Kenneth R Conner, Kelly L Zuromski, Kevin G Saulnier, Tracy Stecker
Person-centered approaches are underutilized to identify people with shared risk profiles. In this study, an at-risk sample of 773 past/current military personnel (Mage = 31.3 years, SD = 6.8) with current ideation (90.6%) and/or a prior suicide attempt (43.9%) were assessed using latent profile analysis. Variables included prior suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, alcohol/drug use, insomnia, depression, belongingness, burdensomeness, and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Three classes emerged: Low Symptoms (N = 502), Elevated Suicidality (N = 176), and Elevated Substance Use (N = 95)...
October 5, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952717/political-beliefs-region-of-residence-and-openness-to-firearm-means-safety-measures-to-prevent-suicide
#11
Sarah E Butterworth, Michael D Anestis
Firearms account for approximately half of all suicides in the United States and are highly lethal, widely available, and popular; thus, are an ideal candidate for targeted means safety interventions. However, despite their value as a suicide prevention tool, firearm means safety strategies are not widely utilized, possibly due to factors which impede openness to their use. This study examines the relationship between region, political beliefs, and openness to firearm means safety in a sample of 300 American firearm owners...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791304/common-pathways-to-nssi-and-suicide-ideation-the-roles-of-rumination-and-self-compassion
#12
Penelope Hasking, Mark E Boyes, Amy Finlay-Jones, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
We investigated whether rumination and self-compassion moderate and/or mediate the relationships between negative affect and both non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide ideation. Undergraduate university students (n = 415) completed well-validated measures of negative affect, rumination, self-compassion, NSSI, and suicide ideation. Neither rumination nor self-compassion moderated associations between negative affect and NSSI and suicide ideation. However, both rumination and self-compassion mediated associations between negative affect and lifetime history of NSSI and suicide ideation...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791276/isolating-the-association-of-sleep-depressive-state-and-other-independent-indicators-for-suicide-ideation-in-united-states-teenagers
#13
Lynn M Whitmore, Tyler C Smith
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demographic, behavioral, and other factors found to be associated. Sleep durations of 4-5 hours and 6-7 hours per night were associated with approximately 75-80% and 20-40% increased adjusted odds of suicide ideation, as compared to teens sleeping the recommended 8 hours or more, and should be considered as a potential important indicator for adolescent suicidal ideation in primary-care screens...
September 20, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856679/the-number-and-characteristics-of-newspaper-and-twitter-reports-on-suicides-and-road-traffic-deaths-in-young-people
#14
Jonathan Scourfield, Gualtiero Colombo, Pete Burnap, Rhiannon Evans, Nina Jacob, Matthew Williams, Sarah Caul
In the light of concern about the harmful effects of media reporting of suicides and a lack of comparative research, this study compares the number and characteristics of reports on suicides and road traffic accidents (RTAs) in young people (aged 11-18) in newspapers and Twitter during a 6-month period. Tweets about young people's suicides were more numerous than newspaper reports. Twitter and newspaper reports were more strongly correlated for suicides than for RTAs. Recent suicides were less likely to be reported in newspapers than recent deaths by RTA...
September 5, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152727/psychological-correlates-of-self-harm-within-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-uk-university-students
#15
Peter James Taylor, Katie Dhingra, Joanne Dickson, Elizabeth McDermott
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between Lesbian, Gay or Bisexual (LGB) status and self-harm in UK higher education students. There is currently limited data on this association, and the role psychological variables have in potentially explaining this link, in UK students. We examine whether LGB status is associated with self-harm (both non-suicidal self-injury [NSSI] and suicide attempts [SA]), and whether four psychological variables (depression, anxiety, belongingness, self-esteem) mediate this association...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152725/social-status-and-suicidal-activity-among-psychiatric-patients-moderating-effects-of-gender-race-and-psychiatric-diagnosis
#16
Kalman J Kaplan, Martin Harrow
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between suicide and social class has proved to be complex. Durkheim predicted suicide rate would increase with social status, while others thought the opposite. Results have been mixed. In some studies, suicidality has increased with increasing social status, and in other studies, the two variables have had an inverse relationship. These studies have been primarily conducted on general non-psychiatric populations Methods: The present study, in contrast, examines this relationship on a twenty-year prospective longitudinal sample of 400 psychiatric patients (differentiated by psychiatric diagnosis) after index hospitalization...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142297/older-adults-bereaved-by-suicide-a-systematic-literature-search-identifying-zero-studies
#17
Lisbeth Hybholt, Niels Buus, Annette Erlangsen, Lene Lauge Berring
OBJECTIVE: To identify empirical studies of older adults (≥60) bereaved by the loss of a significant other to suicide. METHODS: A systematic literature search in CINAHL, Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and SCOPUS. The inclusion criteria were empirical studies investigating people bereaved by suicide at age ≥60 published in English or a Nordic language. RESULTS: 12,871 references were identified, but after screening, no articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142296/the-self-stigma-of-suicide-attempt-survivors
#18
Lindsay Sheehan, Nathalie Oexle, Rachel Dubke, Hoi Ting Wan, Patrick W Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: While suicide attempt survivors report feelings of shame and stigmatization, no published scale measures self-stigma experienced by attempt survivors. This article describes the creation and validation the Self-Stigma of Suicide Attempt Scale (SSSAS). METHODS: The SSSAS was validated in an online sample (n = 292) of suicide attempt survivors. RESULTS: Results supported the progressive model of self-stigma, wherein a substantial proportion of suicide attempt survivors were aware of stigma, but fewer applied that stigma to themselves or felt harmed by it...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142292/implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-with-suicidal-and-self-harming-adolescents-in-a-community-clinic
#19
Michele S Berk, Nicole K Starace, Vanessa P Black, Claudia Avina
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) with suicidal and self-harming adolescents treated in a community clinic. METHOD: Twenty-four adolescents at high risk for suicide were enrolled in six months of comprehensive DBT, provided by therapists and trainees at a county-run outpatient mental health clinic serving disadvantaged, ethnic minority clients. RESULTS: Results showed significant pre/post-treatment decreases in suicide attempts, non-suicidal self-injury behaviors (NSSI), and suicidal ideation...
August 24, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118649/systematic-exploration-of-countertransference-phenomena-in-the-treatment-of-patients-at-risk-for-suicide
#20
Tess Soulié, Elliot Bell, Gabrielle Jenkin, Dalice Sim, Sunny Collings
Despite its critical role in clinical suicidology, empirical evidence on the nature of countertransference (CT) to patients at risk for suicide (PRS) is lacking. This study aimed to provide a systematic description of CT phenomena to PRS. Psychiatrists, psychologists and psychotherapists completed the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ) online, with reference to a PRS. Factor analysis (n = 267) yielded a seven-factor structure, including 1) entrapped/rejecting, 2) fulfilled/engaging, 3) aroused/reacting, 4) informal/boundary crossing, 5) protective/overinvolvement, 6) ambivalent/inconsistent, and 7) mistreated/controlling...
August 17, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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