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Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339322/a-comparison-of-note-writers-and-no-note-writers-in-homicide-suicide-cases-in-germany
#1
Anna Weeke, Dietrich Oberwittler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate potential differences between homicide-suicide cases in which the perpetrator does or does not write a suicide note. As homicide-suicides are complex types of lethal violence for which the aggressor cannot be held accountable, suicide notes may be a valuable source of information about the background of these cases and the perpetrators' motives. METHODS: We use a national sample of N = 288 homicide-suicide cases in Germany applying group comparisons and chi-square tests for relevant variables...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287925/assessing-the-links-of-sexting-cybervictimization-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students
#2
José Luis Jasso Medrano, Fuensanta Lopez Rosales, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
The main objective of this study was to analyze the direct and indirect relationships among sexting, cybervictimization, depression, and suicidal ideation. The sample consisted of 303 university students from Mexico (mean age = 19.73, SD = 1.73) who completed a questionnaire about the variables of interest. The relationships among the variables were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results show that sexting was associated with being the victim of cyberbullying, which, in turn, was related to depressive symptoms...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287920/a-social-exclusion-manipulation-interacts-with-acquired-capability-for-suicide-to-predict-self-aggressive-behaviors
#3
Jennifer L Hames, Megan L Rogers, Caroline Silva, Jessica D Ribeiro, Nadia E Teale, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVES: The interpersonal theory of suicide posits that individuals who simultaneously experience high levels of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability for suicide are at high risk for a lethal or near-lethal suicide attempt. Although supported by self-report studies, no study has examined facets of the theory experimentally. The present study aimed to examine the belongingness and capability components of the theory by testing whether experimentally manipulated social exclusion interacts with self-reported acquired capability to predict higher self-administered shock levels on a self-aggression paradigm...
March 13, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281893/universal-adolescent-suicide-screening-in-a-pediatric-urgent-care-center
#4
Aimy Patel, Catherine Watts, Sheri Shiddell, Karla Couch, Amber M Smith, Michael J Moran, Gregory P Conners
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to describe the implementation of a two-question suicide screening tool in a pediatric urgent care center to identify patients at risk of suicide. METHODS: Adolescents presenting during a 12-month period completed the screening tool. Positive response to either question triggered further social work evaluation, including a Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale. RESULTS: Of 4786 patients screened, 95 (2%) responded positively...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281890/suicide-risk-by-unit-component-among-veterans-who-served-in-iraq-or-afghanistan
#5
Tim Bullman, Aaron Schneiderman, Robert Bossarte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273030/treatment-narratives-of-suicidal-latina-teens
#6
Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Lauren Gulbas, Luis H Zayas
OBJECTIVES: We examine the treatment narratives of Latina adolescent suicide attempters to understand their experiences undergoing care. METHODS: Content and thematic analysis of 68 interviews with Latina adolescent suicide attempters. RESULTS: Most teens who described positive experiences undergoing treatment (n = 39, 44.1%) did so when discussing outpatient mental health services (n = 30, 72.9%). Latinas felt that the providers who fostered their autonomy and connectedness helped them become active agents in their recovery...
March 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166461/factors-associated-with-suicide-in-four-age-groups-a-population-based-study
#7
S O'Neill, E Ennis, C Corry, B Bunting
Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N = 1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166453/use-of-prescription-medication-by-individuals-who-died-by-suicide-in-northern-ireland
#8
Tony Benson, Colette Corry, Siobhan O'Neill, Sam Murphy, Brendan Bunting
OBJECTIVES: To understand medication use prior to suicide in relation to patterns, polypharmacy and adherence. METHODS: 1,371 suicide cases were coded and latent class analysis used to identify combinations of medications prescribed prior to death. RESULTS: Two thirds had been prescribed medication with 30.7% prescribed three or more. Latent class analysis revealed three classes: Mixed medication use, primarily mental medication use, and baseline/low medication use...
February 6, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157444/religious-coping-style-and-cultural-worldview-are-associated-with-suicide-ideation-among-african-american-adults
#9
Rheeda L Walker, Temilola Salami, Sierra Carter, Kelci C Flowers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether specific religious coping styles and cultural worldview would be associated with thoughts of suicide given higher levels of stress in a community-based sample of African American adults. METHOD: African American men and women (n = 134) completed measures of religious coping, cultural worldview, stressful life events, depression symptoms, and suicide ideation. RESULTS: Higher ratings of suicide ideation were observed for African Americans who endorsed a more self-directing religious coping style...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121238/frequency-and-methods-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-acquired-capability-for-suicide-among-adolescents
#10
Jacquelyn Matney, Nicholas J Westers, Sarah E Horton, Jessica D King, Michael Eaddy, Graham J Emslie, Betsy D Kennard, Sunita M Stewart
OBJECTIVE: To test the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) proposal that the association of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) with suicide attempt is mediated by acquired capability. METHODS: Inpatient adolescents (n = 134) reported on suicide ideation and attempts, NSSI frequency and methods, depressive symptoms, and acquired capability for suicide. RESULTS: Consistent with the IPTS, both measures of NSSI were positively associated with acquired capability after accounting for depressive symptoms and past history of attempts...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121237/screening-to-identify-groups-of-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-using-latent-class-analysis-of-reported-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-and-non-suicidal-self-injury
#11
Joanna Herres, Tamar Kodish, Joel Fein, Guy Diamond
Latent class analysis of medical records data from 3,523 emergency department (ED) patients (ages 14-24; 31% Caucasian; 67% female) distinguished six groups with varying histories of suicidal ideation and behavior based on items endorsed on the Behavioral Health Screen, a web based, nurse-initiated screening tool. As expected, the more severe suicidality groups reported higher levels of depressive symptoms, traumatic distress, and substance abuse symptoms. Findings support the validity of the BHS and its utility as a medical decision tool to help ED staff evaluate the severity of patients' suicidality...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071982/longitudinal-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-for-a-diverse-adolescent-sample-of-native-hawaiians-pacific-peoples-and-asian-americans
#12
Earl S Hishinuma, Myra D Smith, Kayne McCarthy, Mark Lee, Deborah A Goebert, Jeanelle J Sugimoto-Matsuda, Naleen N Andrade, Jacques B Philip, Jane J Chung-Do, Reid S Hamamoto, Joy K L Andrade
The objective of this study was to determine the longitudinal predictors of past-6-month suicide attempts for a diverse adolescent sample of Native Hawaiians, Pacific peoples, and Asian Americans. The study used longitudinal data from the Hawaiian High Schools Health Survey (N = 2,083, 9th to 11th graders, 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 school years). A stepwise multiple logistic regression was conducted. The final model consisted of three statistically significant predictors: (1) Time 1 suicide attempt, odds ratio = 30...
January 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223657/perspectives-of-suicide-bereaved-individuals-on-military-suicide-decedents-life-stressors-and-male-gender-role-stress
#13
A Graham Sterling, Jennifer L Bakalar, Kanchana U Perera, Kathryn A DeYoung, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Diana Haigney, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
The objective of this study was to pilot the newly developed Male Gender Role Stressor Inventory (MGRSI) in military suicide bereaved (i.e., decedents' family members and significant others) and to determine the association between Male Gender Role Stress (MGRS) and other life stressors observed by survivors. Sixty-five survivors attending a national survivor seminar completed original surveys, reporting demographic information about themselves and the decedent and observations of the decedent's life stressors during the 1-month and 1-year periods prior to death...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096810/staff-views-of-an-emergency-department-intervention-using-safety-planning-and-structured-follow-up-with-suicidal-veterans
#14
Megan S Chesin, Barbara Stanley, Emily A P Haigh, Sadia R Chaudhury, Kristin Pontoski, Kerry L Knox, Gregory K Brown
The objective of this study is to summarize staff perceptions of the acceptability and utility of the safety planning and structured post-discharge follow-up contact intervention (SPI-SFU), a suicide prevention intervention that was implemented and tested in five Veterans Affairs Medical Center emergency departments (EDs). A purposive sampling approach was used to identify 50 staff member key informants. Interviews were transcribed and coded using thematic analysis. Almost all staff perceived the intervention as helpful in connecting SPI-SFU participants to follow-up services...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049588/college-students-sense-of-coherence-and-connectedness-as-predictors-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors
#15
David J Drum, Chris Brownson, Elaine A Hess, Adryon Burton Denmark, Anna E Talley
This study aimed to explore the relationship between college students' sense of coherence and connectedness and their development of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Using archival data from a larger survey with responses from 26,742 undergraduate and graduate students at 74 colleges and universities, we applied Exploratory Factor Analysis to derive these protective factors (coherence and connectedness) as well as hypothesized distal and proximal risk factors (pre-existing vulnerabilities and distress). Structural Equation Modeling was used to explore latent variable interactions among these factors with regards to outcomes on a continuum of suicidal thinking and behavior...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984769/testing-the-efficacy-of-attention-bias-modification-for-suicidal-thoughts-findings-from-two-experiments
#16
Christine B Cha, Sadia Najmi, Nader Amir, John D Matthews, Charlene A Deming, Jeffrey J Glenn, Rachelle M Calixte, Julia A Harris, Matthew K Nock
This study explores whether four sessions of attention bias modification (ABM) decreases suicide-specific attentional bias. We conducted two experiments where suicide ideators completed either a Training or Control version of ABM, a computer-based intervention intended to target attentional bias. Suicide-specific attentional bias was measured using adapted Stroop and probe discrimination tasks. The first experiment with community-based suicide ideators did not show that ABM impacts attentional bias or suicidal ideation...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984644/suicide-ideation-is-related-to-therapeutic-alliance-in-a-brief-therapy-for-attempted-suicide
#17
Anja C Gysin-Maillart, Leila M Soravia, Armin Gemperli, Konrad Michel
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of therapeutic alliance on suicide ideation as outcome measure in a brief therapy for patients who attempted suicide. Sixty patients received the 3-session therapy supplemented by follow-up contact through regular letters. Therapeutic alliance was measured with the Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ). Outcome at 6 and 12 months was measured with the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS). Therapeutic alliance increased from session 1 to session 3. Higher alliance measures correlated with lower suicidal ideation at 12 months follow-up...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983580/differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-in-women-and-men-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Karolina Krysinska, Philip J Batterham, Helen Christensen
The objective of this study was to explore outcomes of preventive programs and psychosocial treatments for suicidal ideation and behaviour in gender sub-groups in mixed gender studies and in studies limited to one gender. The method used was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which included women or men only, or reported and/or examined outcomes of psychosocial interventions in mixed gender samples. A total of 27 (18%) of RCTs reported or examined differences in intervention outcomes...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910048/the-patient-safety-screener-validation-of-a-brief-suicide-risk-screener-for-emergency-department-settings
#19
Edwin D Boudreaux, Michelle L Jaques, Kaitlyn M Brady, Adam Matson, Michael H Allen
This study evaluated the concurrent validity of a brief suicide risk screener for adults in the emergency department (ED). Two versions of the verbally administered Patient Safety Screener (2-item, 3-item) were compared to a reference standard, the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSSI). Analyses included measures of agreement (Kappa). Agreement between the Patient Safety Screener-2 and -3 and the BSSI (n = 951) was almost perfect for overall positive screening (K = 0.94-0.95) and past suicide attempts (K = 0...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821811/ecological-momentary-assessment-is-a-neglected-methodology-in-suicidology
#20
Collin L Davidson, Michael D Anestis, Peter M Gutierrez
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a group of research methods that collect data frequently, in many contexts, and in real-world settings. EMA has been fairly neglected in suicidology. The current article provides an overview of EMA for suicidologists including definitions, data collection considerations, and different sampling strategies. Next, the benefits of EMA in suicidology (i.e., reduced recall bias, accurate tracking of fluctuating variables, testing assumptions of theories, use in interventions), participant safety considerations, and examples of published research that investigate self-directed violence variables using EMA are discussed...
January 2, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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