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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889832/intra-individual-cognitive-variability-an-examination-of-anam4-tbi-mil-simple-reaction-time-data-from-service-members-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Wesley R Cole, Emma Gregory, Jacques P Arrieux, F Jay Haran
OBJECTIVES: The Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics 4 TBI-MIL (ANAM4) is a computerized cognitive test often used in post-concussion assessments with U.S. service members (SMs). Existing evidence, however, remains mixed regarding ANAM4's ability to identify cognitive issues following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Studies typically examine ANAM4 by comparing mean scores to baseline or normative scores. A more fine-grained approach involves examining inconsistency within an individual's performance...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874213/differences-in-neurocognitive-impairment-among-hiv-infected-latinos-in-the-united-states
#2
María J Marquine, Anne Heaton, Neco Johnson, Monica Rivera-Mindt, Mariana Cherner, Cinnamon Bloss, Todd Hulgan, Anya Umlauf, David J Moore, Pariya Fazeli, Susan Morgello, Donald Franklin, Scott Letendre, Ron Ellis, Ann C Collier, Christina M Marra, David B Clifford, Benjamin B Gelman, Ned Sacktor, David Simpson, J Allen McCutchan, Igor Grant, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disproportionately affects Hispanics/Latinos in the United States, yet little is known about neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in this group. We compared the rates of NCI in large well-characterized samples of HIV-infected (HIV+) Latinos and (non-Latino) Whites, and examined HIV-associated NCI among subgroups of Latinos. METHODS: Participants included English-speaking HIV+ adults assessed at six U.S. medical centers (194 Latinos, 600 Whites)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836490/unawareness-for-motor-impairment-and-distorted-perception-of-task-difficulty
#3
Gianna Cocchini, Nicoletta Beschin, Sergio Della Sala
OBJECTIVES: Anosognosia for motor impairment is a complex syndrome that can manifest itself under different forms, guiding patients' behavior and task decisions. However, current diagnostic tools tend to evaluate only more explicit aspects of anosognosia (asking the patients about their motor abilities) and fail to address more subtle features of awareness. We have developed a new assessment measure, the ECT (Errand Choice Test), where patients are asked to judge task difficulty rather than estimate their own impairment...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835311/systematic-review-of-published-primary-studies-of-neuropsychology-and-neuroimaging-in-trichotillomania
#4
Reneta Slikboer, Maree P Reser, Maja Nedeljkovic, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Existing models of trichotillomania (TTM; hair pulling disorder) rely heavily on a biological predisposition or biological pathogenesis of the disorder, but fail to capture the specific neuropsychological mechanisms involved. The present systematic review aims to scope existing neuropsychological studies of TTM to explore gaps in current models. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to detect all published primary studies using neuropsychological and neuroimaging measures in a cohort of individuals experiencing TTM...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830576/role-of-demographic-and-clinical-factors-in-cognitive-functioning-of-persons-with-relapsing-remitting-and-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Silvana L Costa, John DeLuca, Brian M Sandroff, Yael Goverover, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: Age and time post-diagnosis can significantly impact cognitive and motor functions in multiple sclerosis (MS); however, studies often fail to account for these factors when assessing differences between disease courses. OBJECTIVES: Examine differences between relapsing-remitting and progressive MS in cognition, motor function, and everyday activities, controlling for age, education, and time post-diagnosis. METHODS: Twenty-one persons with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS group), 21 with progressive MS (PMS group), and 21 healthy participants (HCs), matched on age, education, and time post-diagnosis, completed tests of cognitive abilities, motor functions, and everyday functional activities...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829004/recent-and-long-term-soccer-heading-exposure-is-differentially-associated-with-neuropsychological-function-in-amateur-players
#6
Cara F Levitch, Molly E Zimmerman, Naomi Lubin, Namhee Kim, Richard B Lipton, Walter F Stewart, Mimi Kim, Michael L Lipton
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the relative contribution of recent or long-term heading to neuropsychological function in amateur adult soccer players. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Soccer players completed a baseline questionnaire (HeadCount-12m) to ascertain heading during the prior 12 months (long-term heading, LTH) and an online questionnaire (HeadCount-2w) every 3 months to ascertain heading during the prior 2 weeks (recent heading, RH). Cogstate, a battery of six neuropsychological tests, was administered to assess neuropsychological function...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828997/motivational-sensitivities-linked-to-impulsive-motor-errors-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Richard Laurent, Nelleke Corine van Wouwe, Maxim Turchan, Christopher Tolleson, Fenna Phibbs, Elise Bradley, Wery van den Wildenberg, Scott A Wylie
OBJECTIVES: We investigated how broad motivational tendencies are related to the expression and suppression of action impulses in Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Sixty-nine participants with PD completed a Simon response conflict task and Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) and Behavioral Activation System (BAS) scales based on Gray's (1987) reinforcement sensitivity theory. Analyses determined relationships between BIS, BAS, and the susceptibility to making impulsive action errors and the proficiency of inhibiting interference from action impulses...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797312/self-perceived-difficulties-in-everyday-function-precede-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults-in-the-active-study
#8
Sarah Tomaszewski Farias, Tania Giovannetti, Brennan R Payne, Michael Marsiske, George W Rebok, K Warner Schaie, Kelsey R Thomas, Sherry L Willis, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Frederick Unverzagt, Alden L Gross
OBJECTIVES: Careful characterization of how functional decline co-evolves with cognitive decline in older adults has yet to be well described. Most models of neurodegenerative disease postulate that cognitive decline predates and potentially leads to declines in everyday functional abilities; however, there is mounting evidence that subtle decline in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) may be detectable in older individuals who are still cognitively normal. METHODS: The present study examines how the relationship between change in cognition and change in IADLs are best characterized among older adults who participated in the ACTIVE trial...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791943/domain-specific-cognitive-recovery-after-first-ever-stroke-a-2-year-follow-up
#9
Katri E A Turunen, Siiri P K Laari, Tatu V Kauranen, Jenni Uimonen, Satu Mustanoja, Turgut Tatlisumak, Erja Poutiainen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to study the change in different cognitive domains after stroke during a 2-year follow-up. METHOD: We evaluated both neuropsychologically and neurologically a consecutive cohort of working-age patients with a first-ever stroke at baseline (within the first weeks), 6 months, and 2 years after stroke-onset. A total of 153 patients participated in all examinations and were compared to 50 healthy controls. RESULTS: Forty-nine percent of the patients were cognitively impaired at baseline, 41% at 6 months, and 39% at 2-year follow-up...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791942/socioeconomic-status-and-race-outperform-concussion-history-and-sport-participation-in-predicting-collegiate-athlete-baseline-neurocognitive-scores
#10
Zac Houck, Breton Asken, James Clugston, William Perlstein, Russell Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and other multivariate predictors to baseline neurocognitive functioning in collegiate athletes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium. Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) baseline assessments for 403 University of Florida student-athletes (202 males; age range: 18-23) from the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 seasons were analyzed...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791940/biased-visuospatial-attention-in-cervical-dystonia
#11
Gaetana Chillemi, Caterina Formica, Adriana Salatino, Alessandro Calamuneri, Paolo Girlanda, Francesca Morgante, Demetrio Milardi, Carmen Terranova, Alberto Cacciola, Angelo Quartarone, Raffaella Ricci
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence of non-motor, sensory symptoms, mainly involving the spatial domain, in cervical dystonia (CD). These manifestations are likely driven by dysfunctional overactivity of the parietal cortex during the execution of a sensory task. Few studies also suggest the possibility that visuospatial attention might be specifically affected in patients with CD. Therefore, we asked whether non-motor manifestations in CD might also comprise impairment of higher level visuospatial processing...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774351/cross-disorder-cognitive-impairments-in-youth-referred-for-neuropsychiatric-evaluation
#12
Alysa E Doyle, Pieter J Vuijk, Nathan D Doty, Lauren M McGrath, Brian L Willoughby, Ellen H O'Donnell, H Kent Wilson, Mary K Colvin, Deanna C Toner, Kelsey E Hudson, Jessica E Blais, Hillary L Ditmars, Stephen V Faraone, Larry J Seidman, Ellen B Braaten
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that impairments in some of the same domains of cognition occur in different neuropsychiatric conditions, including those known to share genetic liability. Yet, direct, multi-disorder cognitive comparisons are limited, and it remains unclear whether overlapping deficits are due to comorbidity. We aimed to extend the literature by examining cognition across different neuropsychiatric conditions and addressing comorbidity. METHODS: Subjects were 486 youth consecutively referred for neuropsychiatric evaluation and enrolled in the Longitudinal Study of Genetic Influences on Cognition...
August 4, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760172/association-of-sleep-quality-on-memory-related-executive-functions-in-middle-age
#13
Brinda K Rana, Matthew S Panizzon, Carol E Franz, Kelly M Spoon, Kristen C Jacobson, Hong Xian, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Michael Lyons, William S Kremen
OBJECTIVES: Sleep quality affects memory and executive function in older adults, but little is known about its effects in midlife. If it affects cognition in midlife, it may be a modifiable factor for later-life functioning. METHODS: We examined the association between sleep quality and cognition in 1220 middle-aged male twins (age 51-60 years) from the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging. We interviewed participants with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and tested them for episodic memory as well as executive functions of inhibitory and interference control, updating in working memory, and set shifting...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724466/home-environment-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-executive-functioning-following-early-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Keith Owen Yeates, Terry Stancin, H Gerry Taylor, Nicolay C Walz, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship of the home environment to long-term executive functioning (EF) following early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants (N=134) were drawn from a larger parent study of 3- to 6-year-old children hospitalized for severe TBI (n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=44), or orthopedic injury (OI; n=74), recruited prospectively at four tertiary care hospitals in the United States and followed for an average of 6...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720169/characteristics-of-healthy-older-adults-that-influence-self-rated-cognitive-function
#15
Bryce P Mulligan, Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify the nature of self-reported cognitive function among healthy older adults by considering the short-term, within-person association (coupling) of subjective cognitive function with objective cognitive performance. We expected this within-person coupling to differ between persons as a function of self-perceived global cognitive decline and depression, anxiety, or neuroticism. METHODS: This was an intensive measurement (short-term longitudinal) study of 29 older adult volunteers between the ages of 65 and 80 years without an existing diagnosis of dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716165/frontal-assessment-battery-in-parkinson-s-disease-validity-and-morphological-correlates
#16
Ondrej Bezdicek, Filip Růžička, Adela Fendrych Mazancova, Jan Roth, Pavel Dušek, Karsten Mueller, Evžen Růžička, Robert Jech
OBJECTIVES: Executive dysfunction is a common feature in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is a lack of brief validated instruments for executive dysfunction in PD. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relation of Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) scores to age and education, to verify the utility of FAB in the evaluation of executive dysfunction in PD and to differentiate between controls (n=41), PD patients with normal cognition (PD-NC; n=41; Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3) and PD with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI; n=32; Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714429/structural-brain-correlations-of-visuospatial-and-visuoperceptual-tests-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Anna Isabel Garcia-Diaz, Barbara Segura, Hugo Cesar Baggio, Maria Jose Marti, Francesc Valldeoriola, Yaroslau Compta, Nuria Bargallo, Carme Uribe, Anna Campabadal, Alexandra Abos, Carme Junque
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) is relevant because it is a marker for evolution to dementia. However, the selection of suitable tests to evaluate separate cognitive domains in mild cognitive impairment related to PD remains an open question. The current work aims to investigate the neuroanatomical correlates of several visuospatial/visuoperceptual tests using the same sample and a multimodal MRI approach. METHODS: The study included 36 PD patients and 20 healthy subjects matched for age, sex, and education...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695791/lutein-and-zeaxanthin-influence-brain-function-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Cutter A Lindbergh, Lisa M Renzi-Hammond, Billy R Hammond, Douglas P Terry, Catherine M Mewborn, Antonio N Puente, L Stephen Miller
OBJECTIVES: The present study constitutes the first randomized controlled trial to investigate the relation of lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) to brain function using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). It was hypothesized that L and Z supplementation in older adults would enhance neural efficiency (i.e., reduce activation) and cognitive performance on a verbal learning task relative to placebo. METHODS: A total of 44 community-dwelling older adults (mean age=72 years) were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or L+Z supplementation (12 mg/daily) for 1 year...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693655/longitudinal-assessment-of-self-and-informant-subjective-cognitive-complaints-in-a-sample-of-healthy-late-middle-aged-adults-enriched-with-a-family-history-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Christopher R Nicholas, N Maritza Dowling, Annie M Racine, Lindsay R Clark, Sara E Berman, Rebecca L Koscik, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of self- and informant-subjective cognitive complaints (SCC), and to determine if SCC predict longitudinal changes in objective measures (OM) of cognitive function. METHODS: The study included healthy and cognitively normal late middle-aged adults enriched with a family history of AD who were evaluated at up to three visits over a 4-year period. At each visit (Visit 1-3), self- and informant-SCC and OM were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660849/racial-differences-in-neurocognitive-outcomes-post-stroke-the-impact-of-healthcare-variables
#20
Neco X Johnson, Maria J Marquine, Ilse Flores, Anya Umlauf, Carolyn M Baum, Alex W K Wong, Alexis C Young, Jennifer J Manly, Allen W Heinemann, Susan Magasi, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined differences in neurocognitive outcomes among non-Hispanic Black and White stroke survivors using the NIH Toolbox-Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB), and investigated the roles of healthcare variables in explaining racial differences in neurocognitive outcomes post-stroke. METHODS: One-hundred seventy adults (91 Black; 79 White), who participated in a multisite study were included (age: M=56.4; SD=12.6; education: M=13.7; SD=2.5; 50% male; years post-stroke: 1-18; stroke type: 72% ischemic, 28% hemorrhagic)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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