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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724466/home-environment-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-executive-functioning-following-early-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Keith Owen Yeates, Terry Stancin, H Gerry Taylor, Nicolay C Walz, Shari L Wade
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship of the home environment to long-term executive functioning (EF) following early childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Participants (N=134) were drawn from a larger parent study of 3- to 6-year-old children hospitalized for severe TBI (n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=44), or orthopedic injury (OI; n=74), recruited prospectively at four tertiary care hospitals in the United States and followed for an average of 6...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720169/characteristics-of-healthy-older-adults-that-influence-self-rated-cognitive-function
#2
Bryce P Mulligan, Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz, Stuart W S MacDonald
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify the nature of self-reported cognitive function among healthy older adults by considering the short-term, within-person association (coupling) of subjective cognitive function with objective cognitive performance. We expected this within-person coupling to differ between persons as a function of self-perceived global cognitive decline and depression, anxiety, or neuroticism. METHODS: This was an intensive measurement (short-term longitudinal) study of 29 older adult volunteers between the ages of 65 and 80 years without an existing diagnosis of dementia or mild cognitive impairment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716165/frontal-assessment-battery-in-parkinson-s-disease-validity-and-morphological-correlates
#3
Ondrej Bezdicek, Filip Růžička, Adela Fendrych Mazancova, Jan Roth, Pavel Dušek, Karsten Mueller, Evžen Růžička, Robert Jech
OBJECTIVES: Executive dysfunction is a common feature in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is a lack of brief validated instruments for executive dysfunction in PD. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to assess the relation of Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) scores to age and education, to verify the utility of FAB in the evaluation of executive dysfunction in PD and to differentiate between controls (n=41), PD patients with normal cognition (PD-NC; n=41; Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3) and PD with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI; n=32; Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714429/structural-brain-correlations-of-visuospatial-and-visuoperceptual-tests-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Anna Isabel Garcia-Diaz, Barbara Segura, Hugo Cesar Baggio, Maria Jose Marti, Francesc Valldeoriola, Yaroslau Compta, Nuria Bargallo, Carme Uribe, Anna Campabadal, Alexandra Abos, Carme Junque
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD) is relevant because it is a marker for evolution to dementia. However, the selection of suitable tests to evaluate separate cognitive domains in mild cognitive impairment related to PD remains an open question. The current work aims to investigate the neuroanatomical correlates of several visuospatial/visuoperceptual tests using the same sample and a multimodal MRI approach. METHODS: The study included 36 PD patients and 20 healthy subjects matched for age, sex, and education...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695791/lutein-and-zeaxanthin-influence-brain-function-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Cutter A Lindbergh, Lisa M Renzi-Hammond, Billy R Hammond, Douglas P Terry, Catherine M Mewborn, Antonio N Puente, L Stephen Miller
OBJECTIVES: The present study constitutes the first randomized controlled trial to investigate the relation of lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) to brain function using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). It was hypothesized that L and Z supplementation in older adults would enhance neural efficiency (i.e., reduce activation) and cognitive performance on a verbal learning task relative to placebo. METHODS: A total of 44 community-dwelling older adults (mean age=72 years) were randomly assigned to receive either placebo or L+Z supplementation (12 mg/daily) for 1 year...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693655/longitudinal-assessment-of-self-and-informant-subjective-cognitive-complaints-in-a-sample-of-healthy-late-middle-aged-adults-enriched-with-a-family-history-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Christopher R Nicholas, N Maritza Dowling, Annie M Racine, Lindsay R Clark, Sara E Berman, Rebecca L Koscik, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal trajectory of self- and informant-subjective cognitive complaints (SCC), and to determine if SCC predict longitudinal changes in objective measures (OM) of cognitive function. METHODS: The study included healthy and cognitively normal late middle-aged adults enriched with a family history of AD who were evaluated at up to three visits over a 4-year period. At each visit (Visit 1-3), self- and informant-SCC and OM were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660849/racial-differences-in-neurocognitive-outcomes-post-stroke-the-impact-of-healthcare-variables
#7
Neco X Johnson, Maria J Marquine, Ilse Flores, Anya Umlauf, Carolyn M Baum, Alex W K Wong, Alexis C Young, Jennifer J Manly, Allen W Heinemann, Susan Magasi, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined differences in neurocognitive outcomes among non-Hispanic Black and White stroke survivors using the NIH Toolbox-Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB), and investigated the roles of healthcare variables in explaining racial differences in neurocognitive outcomes post-stroke. METHODS: One-hundred seventy adults (91 Black; 79 White), who participated in a multisite study were included (age: M=56.4; SD=12.6; education: M=13.7; SD=2.5; 50% male; years post-stroke: 1-18; stroke type: 72% ischemic, 28% hemorrhagic)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656885/social-cognition-abilities-in-patients-with-different-multiple-sclerosis-subtypes
#8
Audrey Henry, Ayman Tourbah, Marie-Pierre Chaunu, Serge Bakchine, Michèle Montreuil
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be associated with impaired social cognition. However, social cognition skills have never been explored in the different subtypes of MS. The first aim of this study was to examine whether MS subtypes differ on the course of social cognition. The second aim was to explore the relationship between social cognition performances and executive abilities and mood variables. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with MS and 33 healthy matched controls performed experimental tasks assessing facial emotion recognition, theory of mind (ToM), and cognitive functioning, in particular executive functions...
June 28, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651678/latent-cognitive-phenotypes-in-de-novo-parkinson-s-disease-a-person-centered-approach
#9
Denise R LaBelle, Ryan R Walsh, Sarah J Banks
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment is an important aspect of Parkinson's disease (PD), but there is considerable heterogeneity in its presentation. This investigation aims to identify and characterize latent cognitive phenotypes in early PD. METHODS: Latent class analysis, a data-driven, person-centered, cluster analysis was performed on cognitive data from the Parkinson's Progressive Markers Initiative baseline visit. This analytic method facilitates identification of naturally occurring endophenotypes...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641593/preliminary-evidence-for-an-association-between-the-composition-of-the-gut-microbiome-and-cognitive-function-in-neurologically-healthy-older-adults
#10
Lisa Manderino, Ian Carroll, M Andrea Azcarate-Peril, Amber Rochette, Leslie Heinberg, Christine Peat, Kristine Steffen, James Mitchell, John Gunstad
OBJECTIVES: Dysbiosis of the gut microbiome is implicated in numerous human health conditions. Animal studies have linked microbiome disruption to changes in cognitive functioning, although no study has examined this possibility in neurologically healthy older adults. METHODS: Participants were 43 community-dwelling older adults (50-85 years) that completed a brief cognitive test battery and provided stool samples for gut microbiome sequencing. Participants performing≥1 SD below normative performance on two or more tests were compared to persons with one or fewer impaired scores...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641589/modality-dependent-or-modality-independent-processing-in-mental-arithmetic-evidence-from-unimpaired-auditory-multiplication-for-a-patient-with-left-frontotemporal-stroke
#11
Dazhi Cheng, Haiyan Wu, Li Yuan, Rui Xu, Qian Chen, Xinlin Zhou
OBJECTIVES: Mental arithmetic is essential to daily life. Researchers have explored the mechanisms that underlie mental arithmetic. Whether mental arithmetic fact retrieval is dependent on surface modality or knowledge format is still highly debated. Chinese individuals typically use a procedure strategy for addition; and they typically use a rote verbal strategy for multiplication. This provides a way to examine the effect of surface modality on different arithmetic operations. METHODS: We used a series of neuropsychological tests (i...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629487/learning-and-memory-in-adolescents-with-critical-biventricular-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Adam R Cassidy, Jane W Newburger, David C Bellinger
OBJECTIVES: Although evidence exists of broadly defined memory impairment among adolescents with critical congenital heart disease (CHD), nuanced investigations of declarative memory in this at-risk population have not been conducted. This study had two primary aims: (1) to conduct a fine-grained analysis of a range of relevant learning and memory processes in adolescents with critical biventricular CHD, and (2) to identify risk, odds, and predictors of memory impairment. METHODS: Data were combined from two single-center studies of neurodevelopmental outcomes in critical CHD...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625210/household-everyday-functioning-in-the-internet-age-online-shopping-and-banking-skills-are-affected-in-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#13
Steven Paul Woods, Jennifer E Iudicello, Erin E Morgan, Marizela Verduzco, Tyler V Smith, Clint Cushman
OBJECTIVES: The Internet is a fundamental tool for completing many different instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), including shopping and banking. Persons with HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorders (HAND) are at heightened risk for IADL problems, but the extent to which HAND interferes with the performance of Internet-based household IADLs is not known. METHODS: Ninety-three individuals with HIV disease, 43 of whom were diagnosed with HAND, and 42 HIV- comparison participants completed Internet-based tests of shopping and banking...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625209/involvement-of-the-left-supramarginal-gyrus-in-manipulation-judgment-tasks-contributions-to-theories-of-tool-use
#14
Mathieu Lesourd, François Osiurak, Jordan Navarro, Emanuelle Reynaud
OBJECTIVES: Two theories of tool use, namely the gesture engram and the technical reasoning theories, make distinct predictions about the involvement of the left inferior parietal lobe (IPL) in manipulation judgement tasks. The objective here is to test these alternative predictions based on previous studies on manipulation judgment tasks using transcranial magnetic stimulations (TMS) targeting the left supramarginal gyrus (SMG). METHODS: We review recent TMS studies on manipulation judgement tasks and confront these data with predictions made by both tool use theories...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606213/is-emotional-intelligence-impaired-in-unaffected-siblings-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Beatrice Frajo-Apor, Georg Kemmler, Silvia Pardeller, Markus Huber, Christian Macina, Anna-Sophia Welte, Alex Hofer
OBJECTIVES: Social cognitive deficits have been discussed to be endophenotypes for schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses. The current study aimed to assess emotional intelligence (EI) in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients to investigate its potential role as endophenotype for schizophrenia. METHODS: EI was measured in 56 schizophrenia patients, 57 unaffected siblings, and 127 healthy control subjects by using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578726/statistically-derived-subtypes-and-associations-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-genetic-biomarkers-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-latent-profile-analysis
#16
Joel S Eppig, Emily C Edmonds, Laura Campbell, Mark Sanderson-Cimino, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi
OBJECTIVES: Research demonstrates heterogeneous neuropsychological profiles among individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, few studies have included visuoconstructional ability or used latent mixture modeling to statistically identify MCI subtypes. Therefore, we examined whether unique neuropsychological MCI profiles could be ascertained using latent profile analysis (LPA), and subsequently investigated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, genotype, and longitudinal clinical outcomes between the empirically derived classes...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566104/attention-and-regional-gray-matter-development-in-very-preterm-children-at-age-12-years
#17
Rachel E Lean, Tracy R Melzer, Samudragupta Bora, Richard Watts, Lianne J Woodward
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the selective, sustained, and executive attention abilities of very preterm (VPT) born children in relation to concurrent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of regional gray matter development at age 12 years. METHODS: A regional cohort of 110 VPT (≤32 weeks gestation) and 113 full term (FT) born children were assessed at corrected age 12 years on the Test of Everyday Attention-Children. They also had a structural MRI scan that was subsequently analyzed using voxel-based morphometry to quantify regional between-group differences in cerebral gray matter development, which were then related to attention measures using multivariate methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528596/face-and-object-perception-in-body-dysmorphic-disorder-versus-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-mooney-faces-task
#18
Wei Lin Toh, David J Castle, Susan L Rossell
OBJECTIVES: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by repetitive behaviors and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance. There are some similarities, but also important differences, between BDD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), not just in terms of core clinical symptoms, but possibly in the domain of perception. This study compared the nature and extent of perceptual anomalies in BDD versus OCD and health controls (HC), using a modified Mooney task...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511727/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-moderator-of-psychosocial-outcomes-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Emily A Meadows, Keith Owen Yeates, Kenneth H Rubin, H Gerry Taylor, Erin D Bigler, Maureen Dennis, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Terry Stancin, Kristen R Hoskinson
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines whether psychosocial outcomes following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) vary as a function of children's rejection sensitivity (RS), defined as their disposition to be hypersensitive to cues of rejection from peers. METHODS: Children ages 8-13 with a history of severe TBI (STBI, n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=35), or orthopedic injury (OI, n=49) completed measures assessing self-esteem and RS on average 3.28 years post-injury (SD=1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502261/profiles-of-executive-function-across-children-with-distinct-brain-disorders-traumatic-brain-injury-stroke-and-brain-tumor
#20
Gabriel C Araujo, Tanya N Antonini, Vicki Anderson, Kathryn A Vannatta, Christina G Salley, Erin D Bigler, H Gerry Taylor, Cynthia Gerhardt, Kenneth Rubin, Maureen Dennis, Warren Lo, Mark T Mackay, Anne Gordon, Christine Hajek Koterba, Alison Gomes, Mardee Greenham, Keith Owen Yeates
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether children with distinct brain disorders show different profiles of strengths and weaknesses in executive functions, and differ from children without brain disorder. METHODS: Participants were children with traumatic brain injury (N=82; 8-13 years of age), arterial ischemic stroke (N=36; 6-16 years of age), and brain tumor (N=74; 9-18 years of age), each with a corresponding matched comparison group consisting of children with orthopedic injury (N=61), asthma (N=15), and classmates without medical illness (N=68), respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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