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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196802/retrograde-personal-semantic-memory-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-and-following-emergence
#1
Caroline M Roberts, Gershon Spitz, Matthew Mundy, Jennie L Ponsford
OBJECTIVES: Anecdotal reports suggest that following traumatic brain injury (TBI) retrograde memories are initially impaired and recover in order of remoteness. However, there has been limited empirical research investigating whether a negative gradient in retrograde amnesia-relative preservation of remote over recent memory-exists during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) compared with the acute phase post-emergence. This study used a repeated-measures design to examine the pattern of personal semantic (PS) memory performance during PTA and within two weeks of emergence to improve understanding of the nature of the memory deficit during PTA and its relationship with recovery...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196800/decoding-brain-states-for-planning-functional-grasps-of-tools-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-multivoxel-pattern-analysis-study
#2
Mikolaj Buchwald, Łukasz Przybylski, Gregory Króliczak
OBJECTIVES: We used multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to investigate neural selectivity for grasp planning within the left-lateralized temporo-parieto-frontal network of areas (praxis representation network, PRN) typically associated with tool-related actions, as studied with traditional neuroimaging contrasts. METHODS: We used data from 20 participants whose task was to plan functional grasps of tools, with either right or left hands. Region of interest and whole-brain searchlight analyses were performed to show task-related neural patterns...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189910/sleep-biomarkers-health-comorbidities-and-neurocognition-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Ciaran M Considine, Hillary A Parker, Jeralee Briggs, Erin E Quasney, Eric R Larson, Heather Smith, Skyler G Shollenbarger, Christopher A Abeare
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with cognitive impairment but the relationships between specific biomarkers and neurocognitive domains remain unclear. The present study examined the influence of common health comorbidities on these relationships. Adults with suspected OSA (N=60; 53% male; M age=52 years; SD=14) underwent neuropsychological evaluation before baseline polysomnography (PSG). Apneic syndrome severity, hypoxic strain, and sleep architecture disturbance were assessed through PSG...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189909/addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-iii-psychometric-characteristics-and-relations-to-functional-ability-in-dementia
#4
Matthew So, David Foxe, Fiona Kumfor, Cynthia Murray, Sharpley Hsieh, Greg Savage, Rebekah M Ahmed, James R Burrell, John R Hodges, Muireann Irish, Olivier Piguet
OBJECTIVES: The Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE) is a common cognitive screening test for dementia. Here, we examined the relationship between the most recent version (ACE-III) and its predecessor (ACE-R), determined ACE-III cutoff scores for the detection of dementia, and explored its relationship with functional ability. METHODS: Study 1 included 199 dementia patients and 52 healthy controls who completed the ACE-III and ACE-R. ACE-III total and domain scores were regressed on their corresponding ACE-R values to obtain conversion formulae...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189908/psychological-resilience-as-a-predictor-of-persistent-post-concussive-symptoms-in-children-with-single-and-multiple-concussion
#5
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship of psychological resilience to persistent post-concussive symptoms (PCS) in children with a history of single or multiple concussions, as well as orthopedic injury (OI). METHODS: Participants (N=75) were children, ages 8-18 years, who sustained a single concussion (n=24), multiple concussions (n=25), or an OI (n=26), recruited from a tertiary care children's hospital. All participants sustained injuries at least 6 months before recruitment, with an average time since injury of 32...
September 7, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178735/assessment-of-naming-in-non-native-english-speakers-with-epilepsy
#6
Amanda Gooding, Jeffrey R Cole, Marla J Hamberger
OBJECTIVES: Naming assessment is a core component of neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in the surgical work up for patients with pharmacologically refractory epilepsy. Specifically, naming deficits are typically associated with left, but not right hemisphere epilepsy, thereby assisting with lateralization of seizure onset. We sought to determine whether bilingual (English as second language, ESL) and monolingual epilepsy patients with comparable education, intelligence, and objective vocabulary performance would perform similarly on standard naming measures, and whether ESL patients would demonstrate laterality effects in naming, similar to that observed in monolingual patients...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178733/associations-between-prospective-and-retrospective-subjective-memory-complaints-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-older-adults-the-finger-study
#7
Laura Vaskivuo, Laura Hokkanen, Tuomo Hänninen, Riitta Antikainen, Lars Bäckman, Tiina Laatikainen, Teemu Paajanen, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely, Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto, Tiia Ngandu
OBJECTIVES: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are among the key concerns in the elderly, but their role in detecting objective cognitive problems is unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between SMCs (both prospective and retrospective memory complaints) and neuropsychological test performance in older adults at risk of cognitive decline. METHODS: This investigation is part of the FINGER project, a multicenter randomized controlled trial aiming at preventing cognitive decline in high-risk individuals...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168408/memory-strategy-training-in-older-adults-with-subjective-memory-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Nikita L Frankenmolen, Eduard J Overdorp, Luciano Fasotti, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Roy P C Kessels, Joukje M Oosterman
OBJECTIVES: Subjective memory complaints (SMC) in older adults are associated with a decline in everyday functioning and an increased risk for future cognitive decline. This study examines the effect of a memory strategy training compared to a control memory training on memory functioning in daily life. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with baseline, post-treatment, and 6-month follow-up assessments conducted in 60 older adults (50-87 years) with SMC...
August 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165918/age-related-changes-in-the-allocation-of-vertical-attention
#9
Aleksandra Mańkowska, Kenneth M Heilman, John B Williamson, Michał Harciarek
OBJECTIVES: Healthy individuals often have a leftward and upward attentional spatial bias; however, there is a reduction of this leftward bias with aging. The right hemisphere mediates leftward spatial attention and age-related reduction of right hemispheric activity may account for this reduced leftward bias. The right hemisphere also appears to be responsible for upward bias, and this upward bias might reduce with aging. Alternatively, whereas the dorsal visual stream allocates attention downward, the ventral stream allocates attention upward...
August 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165914/effects-of-sleep-health-on-cognitive-function-in-hiv-and-hiv-adults
#10
Zanjbeel Mahmood, Andrea Hammond, Rodolfo A Nunez, Michael R Irwin, April D Thames
OBJECTIVES: People living with HIV (PLWH) are more likely to report sleep difficulties and cognitive deficits. While cognitive impairment associated with sleep problems have been found in healthy and medical populations, less is known about the effects of poor sleep health (SH) on cognition among PLWH. This study examined differences in cognitive performance among participants classified based upon their HIV status and reported SH. METHODS: One hundred sixteen (N=116) adults recruited from the Greater Los Angeles community were administered a comprehensive cognitive test battery and completed a questionnaire about SH...
August 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153873/aging-and-attentional-control-examining-the-roles-of-mind-wandering-propensity-and-dispositional-mindfulness
#11
Stephanie Fountain-Zaragoza, Nicole A Puccetti, Patrick Whitmoyer, Ruchika Shaurya Prakash
OBJECTIVES: Aging is associated with declines in performance on certain laboratory tasks of attentional control. However, older adults tend to report greater mindful, present-moment attention and less mind-wandering (MW) than young adults. For older adults, high levels of these traits may be protective for attentional performance. This study examined age-related differences in global (i.e., full-task) and local (i.e., pre-MW) attentional control and explored the variance explained by MW and mindfulness...
August 29, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139405/longitudinal-changes-in-resting-state-connectivity-and-white-matter-integrity-in-adolescents-with-sports-related-concussion
#12
Donna L Murdaugh, Tricia Z King, Binjian Sun, Richard A Jones, Kim E Ono, Andrew Reisner, Thomas G Burns
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in functional connectivity, white matter integrity, and cognitive abilities due to sports-related concussion (SRC) in adolescents using a prospective longitudinal design. METHODS: We assessed male high school football players (ages 14-18) with (n=16) and without (n=12) SRC using complementary resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) along with cognitive performance using the Immediate Post-Concussive Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT)...
August 24, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136918/evidence-for-reduced-autobiographical-memory-episodic-specificity-in-cognitively-normal-middle-aged-and-older-individuals-at-increased-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#13
Matthew D Grilli, Aubrey A Wank, John J Bercel, Lee Ryan
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) typically eludes clinical detection for years, if not decades. The identification of subtle cognitive decline associated with preclinical AD would not only advance understanding of the disease, but also provide clinical targets to assess preventative and early intervention treatments. Disrupted retrieval of detailed episodic autobiographical memories may be a sensitive indicator of subtle cognitive decline, because this type of memory taxes a core neural network affected by preclinical AD neuropathology...
August 23, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113280/new-yes-no-recognition-memory-analysis-on-the-california-verbal-learning-test-3-clinical-utility-in-alzheimer-s-and-huntington-s-disease
#14
Lisa V Graves, Heather M Holden, Emily J Van Etten, Lisa Delano-Wood, Mark W Bondi, David P Salmon, Jody Corey-Bloom, Dean C Delis, Paul E Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: The third edition of the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT-3) includes a new index termed List A versus Novel/Unrelated recognition discriminability (RD) on the Yes/No Recognition trial. Whereas the Total RD index incorporates false positive (FP) errors associated with all distractors (including List B and semantically related items), the new List A versus Novel/Unrelated RD index incorporates only FP errors associated with novel, semantically unrelated distractors. Thus, in minimizing levels of source and semantic interference, the List A versus Novel/Unrelated RD index may yield purer assessments of yes/no recognition memory independent of vulnerability to source memory difficulties or semantic confusion, both of which are often seen in individuals with primarily frontal-system dysfunction (e...
August 16, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113277/executive-functions-and-their-relation-to-sleep-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-preschoolers
#15
Catherine Landry-Roy, Annie Bernier, Jocelyn Gravel, Miriam H Beauchamp
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) sustained during childhood is known to impact children's executive functioning. However, few studies have focused specifically on executive functioning after preschool TBI. TBI has also been associated with sleep disturbances, which are known to impair executive functions in healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate executive functions in preschoolers with mild TBI, and to determine the role of sleep in the links between TBI and executive functioning...
August 16, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079858/modeling-the-structure-of-acute-sport-related-concussion-symptoms-a-bifactor-approach
#16
Lindsay D Nelson, Mark D Kramer, Christopher J Patrick, Michael A McCrea
OBJECTIVES: Concussions cause diverse symptoms that are often measured through a single symptom severity score. Researchers have postulated distinct dimensions of concussion symptoms, raising the possibility that total scores may not accurately represent their multidimensional nature. This study examined to what degree concussion symptoms, assessed by the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3), reflect a unidimensional versus multidimensional construct to inform how the SCAT3 should be scored and advance efforts to identify distinct phenotypes of concussion...
August 6, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064540/self-reference-effect-and-self-reference-recollection-effect-for-trait-adjectives-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#17
Nicole Carson, R Shayna Rosenbaum, Morris Moscovitch, Kelly J Murphy
OBJECTIVES: The self-reference effect (SRE), enhanced memory for self-related information, has been studied in healthy young and older adults but has had little investigation in people with age-related memory disorders, such as amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Self-referential encoding may help to improve episodic memory in aMCI. Additionally, self-referential processing has been shown to benefit recollection, the vivid re-experiencing of past events, a phenomenon that has been termed the self-reference recollection effect (SRRE; Conway & Dewhurst, 1995)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019663/change-in-cognitive-performance-from-midlife-into-old-age-findings-from-the-midlife-in-the-united-states-midus-study
#18
Matthew L Hughes, Stefan Agrigoroaei, Minjeong Jeon, Molly Bruzzese, Margie E Lachman
OBJECTIVES: A substantial body of research has documented age-related declines in cognitive abilities among adults over 60, yet there is much less known about changes in cognitive abilities during midlife. The goal was to examine longitudinal changes in multiple cognitive domains from early midlife through old age in a large national sample, the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study. METHODS: The Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT) was administered on two occasions (MIDUS 2, MIDUS 3), an average of 9 years apart...
July 18, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141387/effectiveness-of-intraindividual-variability-in-detecting-subtle-cognitive-performance-deficits-in-breast-cancer-patients-erratum
#19
Barbara Collins, Gerard Widmann, Giorgio A Tasca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30141386/post-concussion-symptom-factors-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-collegiate-athletes-erratum
#20
Erin Guty, Peter Arnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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