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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30426909/head-growth-and-intelligence-from-birth-to-adulthood-in-very-preterm-and-term-born-individuals
#1
Julia Jaekel, Christian Sorg, Josef Baeuml, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of infant and toddler head growth on intelligence scores from early childhood to adulthood in very preterm (<32 weeks gestational age; VP) and/or very low birth weight (<1500 g; VLBW) and term born individuals. METHODS: 203 VP/VLBW and 198 term comparisons were studied from birth to adulthood as part of the prospective geographically defined Bavarian Longitudinal Study (BLS). Head circumference was assessed at birth; 5, 20 months; and 4 years of age...
November 14, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30394247/recognition-of-facial-emotion-and-affective-prosody-in-children-at-high-risk-of-criminal-behavior
#2
Lisette van Zonneveld, Leo de Sonneville, Stephanie van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
OBJECTIVE: Emotion recognition is an important aspect of emotion processing, which is needed for appropriate social behavior and normal socialization. Previous studies in adults with antisocial personality disorder or psychopathy, in those convicted of criminal behavior, or in children with conduct disorder show impairments in negative emotion recognition. The present study investigated affective facial and prosody recognition in a sample of children at high risk of developing future criminal behavior...
November 5, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376904/effects-of-media-sensationalization-on-cognitive-performance-and-post-concussive-symptoms
#3
Cara A Bussell, Brandon E Gavett
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to examine if televised media about mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) framed in a sensationalized manner had a negative impact on cognitive functioning and persistent mTBI symptoms. METHODS: One hundred two participants (MAge=37.16; SD=22.61) with a history of post-acute mTBI, recruited through a community research registry and an undergraduate recruitment system, were included in this study. Participants were assessed with a measure of health literacy, the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA), and randomized to watch either a sensationalized or non-sensationalized news clip focused on mTBI...
October 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30369339/longitudinal-neuropsychological-study-of-presymptomatic-c-709-1g-a-progranulin-mutation-carriers
#4
Myriam Barandiaran, Fermín Moreno, María de Arriba, Begoña Indakoetxea, Irati Boda, Alazne Gabilondo, Mikel Tainta, Adolfo López de Munain
OBJECTIVE: The assessment of individuals from families affected by familial frontotemporal dementia (FTD) allows the evaluation of preclinical or pre-diagnosis disease markers. The current work aims to investigate the existence of a cognitive phase in GRN mutation carriers before overt clinical symptoms begin. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal neuropsychological analysis (three assessments in 4 years) in a group of presymptomatic c.709-1G>A progranulin (GRN) (n=15) mutation carriers and non-carrier relatives (n=25) from seven FTD families...
October 29, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362445/deleterious-impact-of-expressive-suppression-on-test-performance-persists-at-one-year-follow-up-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#5
Yana Suchy, Madison Amelia Niermeyer, Emilie Irene Franchow, Rosemary Ziemnik
OBJECTIVES: Expressive suppression (ES) is an emotion-regulation strategy that is associated with poorer performance on subsequently administered tests of executive functioning (EF). It is not known, however, how far into the future ES interferes with EF. This study examined whether (a) ES negatively affects performance on EF tests repeated 1 year after the initial administration (presumably through interference with learning, leading to a reduced practice effect), and (b) whether such an effect, if seen, is unique to EF or whether it also affects lower-order cognitive processes needed for EF test performance...
October 26, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334507/effects-of-bilingualism-on-verbal-and-nonverbal-memory-measures-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Mónica Rosselli, David A Loewenstein, Rosie E Curiel, Ailyn Penate, Valeria L Torres, Merike Lang, Maria T Greig, William W Barker, Ranjan Duara
OBJECTIVES: Maintaining two active languages may increase cognitive and brain reserve among bilingual individuals. We explored whether such a neuroprotective effect was manifested in the performance of memory tests for participants with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHODS: We compared 42 bilinguals to 25 monolinguals on verbal and nonverbal memory tests. We used: (a) the Loewenstein-Acevedo Scales for Semantic Interference and Learning (LASSI-L), a sensitive test that taps into proactive, retroactive, and recovery from proactive semantic interference (verbal memory), and (b) the Benson Figure delayed recall (nonverbal memory)...
October 18, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30303051/evaluating-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-essential-tremor-how-many-and-which-neuropsychological-tests
#7
Tess E K Cersonsky, Sarah Morgan, Sarah Kellner, Daphne Robakis, Xinhua Liu, Edward D Huey, Elan D Louis, Stephanie Cosentino
OBJECTIVES: Essential tremor (ET) confers an increased risk for developing both amnestic and non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Yet, the optimal measures for detecting mild cognitive changes in individuals with this movement disorder have not been established. We sought to identify the cognitive domains and specific motor-free neuropsychological tests that are most sensitive to mild deficits in cognition as defined by a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 0.5, which is generally associated with a clinical diagnosis of MCI...
October 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30282568/automated-indices-of-clustering-and-switching-of-semantic-verbal-fluency-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Delaram Farzanfar, Marta Statucka, Melanie Cohn
OBJECTIVES: Deficits in semantic verbal fluency (SVF) can stem from dysfunction of an executive control system and/or of semantic knowledge. Previous analyses of SVF responses were devised to characterize these two components including switching and mean cluster size (MCS) indices, but these rely on subjective experimenter-based assessment of the words' relatedness. To address this limitation, computational data-driven SVF indices have been developed. Our aim is to assess the validity and usefulness of these automated indices in the context of cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease (PD)...
October 4, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196802/retrograde-personal-semantic-memory-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-and-following-emergence
#9
Caroline M Roberts, Gershon Spitz, Matthew Mundy, Jennie L Ponsford
OBJECTIVES: Anecdotal reports suggest that following traumatic brain injury (TBI) retrograde memories are initially impaired and recover in order of remoteness. However, there has been limited empirical research investigating whether a negative gradient in retrograde amnesia-relative preservation of remote over recent memory-exists during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) compared with the acute phase post-emergence. This study used a repeated-measures design to examine the pattern of personal semantic (PS) memory performance during PTA and within two weeks of emergence to improve understanding of the nature of the memory deficit during PTA and its relationship with recovery...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196800/decoding-brain-states-for-planning-functional-grasps-of-tools-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-multivoxel-pattern-analysis-study
#10
Mikolaj Buchwald, Łukasz Przybylski, Gregory Króliczak
OBJECTIVES: We used multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA) to investigate neural selectivity for grasp planning within the left-lateralized temporo-parieto-frontal network of areas (praxis representation network, PRN) typically associated with tool-related actions, as studied with traditional neuroimaging contrasts. METHODS: We used data from 20 participants whose task was to plan functional grasps of tools, with either right or left hands. Region of interest and whole-brain searchlight analyses were performed to show task-related neural patterns...
September 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178735/assessment-of-naming-in-non-native-english-speakers-with-epilepsy
#11
Amanda Gooding, Jeffrey R Cole, Marla J Hamberger
OBJECTIVES: Naming assessment is a core component of neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in the surgical work up for patients with pharmacologically refractory epilepsy. Specifically, naming deficits are typically associated with left, but not right hemisphere epilepsy, thereby assisting with lateralization of seizure onset. We sought to determine whether bilingual (English as second language, ESL) and monolingual epilepsy patients with comparable education, intelligence, and objective vocabulary performance would perform similarly on standard naming measures, and whether ESL patients would demonstrate laterality effects in naming, similar to that observed in monolingual patients...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178733/associations-between-prospective-and-retrospective-subjective-memory-complaints-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-older-adults-the-finger-study
#12
Laura Vaskivuo, Laura Hokkanen, Tuomo Hänninen, Riitta Antikainen, Lars Bäckman, Tiina Laatikainen, Teemu Paajanen, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely, Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto, Tiia Ngandu
OBJECTIVES: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are among the key concerns in the elderly, but their role in detecting objective cognitive problems is unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between SMCs (both prospective and retrospective memory complaints) and neuropsychological test performance in older adults at risk of cognitive decline. METHODS: This investigation is part of the FINGER project, a multicenter randomized controlled trial aiming at preventing cognitive decline in high-risk individuals...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168408/memory-strategy-training-in-older-adults-with-subjective-memory-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Nikita L Frankenmolen, Eduard J Overdorp, Luciano Fasotti, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Roy P C Kessels, Joukje M Oosterman
OBJECTIVES: Subjective memory complaints (SMC) in older adults are associated with a decline in everyday functioning and an increased risk for future cognitive decline. This study examines the effect of a memory strategy training compared to a control memory training on memory functioning in daily life. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with baseline, post-treatment, and 6-month follow-up assessments conducted in 60 older adults (50-87 years) with SMC...
August 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165918/age-related-changes-in-the-allocation-of-vertical-attention
#14
Aleksandra Mańkowska, Kenneth M Heilman, John B Williamson, Michał Harciarek
OBJECTIVES: Healthy individuals often have a leftward and upward attentional spatial bias; however, there is a reduction of this leftward bias with aging. The right hemisphere mediates leftward spatial attention and age-related reduction of right hemispheric activity may account for this reduced leftward bias. The right hemisphere also appears to be responsible for upward bias, and this upward bias might reduce with aging. Alternatively, whereas the dorsal visual stream allocates attention downward, the ventral stream allocates attention upward...
August 31, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322415/executive-functioning-correlates-with-communication-ability-in-youth-with-histories-of-heavy-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#15
Lauren R Doyle, Eileen M Moore, Claire D Coles, Julie A Kable, Elizabeth R Sowell, Jeffrey R Wozniak, Kenneth L Jones, Edward P Riley, Sarah N Mattson
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers of youth with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure report impaired communication, which can significantly impact quality of life. Using data collected as part of the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (CIFASD), we examined whether cognitive variables predict communication ability of youth with histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure. METHODS: Subjects (ages 10-16 years) comprised two groups: adolescents with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (AE) and non-exposed controls (CON)...
November 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165914/effects-of-sleep-health-on-cognitive-function-in-hiv-and-hiv-adults
#16
Zanjbeel Mahmood, Andrea Hammond, Rodolfo A Nunez, Michael R Irwin, April D Thames
OBJECTIVES: People living with HIV (PLWH) are more likely to report sleep difficulties and cognitive deficits. While cognitive impairment associated with sleep problems have been found in healthy and medical populations, less is known about the effects of poor sleep health (SH) on cognition among PLWH. This study examined differences in cognitive performance among participants classified based upon their HIV status and reported SH. METHODS: One hundred sixteen (N=116) adults recruited from the Greater Los Angeles community were administered a comprehensive cognitive test battery and completed a questionnaire about SH...
November 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136918/evidence-for-reduced-autobiographical-memory-episodic-specificity-in-cognitively-normal-middle-aged-and-older-individuals-at-increased-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#17
Matthew D Grilli, Aubrey A Wank, John J Bercel, Lee Ryan
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) typically eludes clinical detection for years, if not decades. The identification of subtle cognitive decline associated with preclinical AD would not only advance understanding of the disease, but also provide clinical targets to assess preventative and early intervention treatments. Disrupted retrieval of detailed episodic autobiographical memories may be a sensitive indicator of subtle cognitive decline, because this type of memory taxes a core neural network affected by preclinical AD neuropathology...
November 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375321/childhood-executive-functioning-predicts-young-adult-outcomes-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#18
Avery B Albert, Tamara Abu-Ramadan, Wendy R Kates, Wanda Fremont, Kevin M Antshel
OBJECTIVE: While individuals with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at increased risk for a variety of functional impairments and psychiatric disorders, including psychosis, not all individuals with 22q11DS experience negative outcomes. Efforts to further understand which childhood variables best predict adult functional outcomes are needed, especially those that investigate childhood executive functioning abilities. METHODS: This longitudinal study followed 63 individuals with 22q11DS and 43 control participants over 9 years...
October 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375320/phonemic-and-semantic-verbal-fluency-in-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-contrasting-the-effects-of-supernumerary-x-versus-y-chromosomes-on-performance
#19
Manisha Udhnani, Moshe Maiman, Jonathan D Blumenthal, Liv S Clasen, Gregory L Wallace, Jay N Giedd, Armin Raznahan, Nancy Raitano Lee
OBJECTIVES: Past research suggests that youth with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCAs) present with verbal fluency deficits. However, most studies have focused on sex chromosome trisomies. Far less is known about sex chromosome tetrasomies and pentasomies. Thus, the current research sought to characterize verbal fluency performance among youth with sex chromosome trisomies, tetrasomies, and pentasomies by contrasting how performance varies as a function of extra X number and X versus Y status...
October 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375319/cognitive-behavioral-and-adaptive-profiles-in-williams-syndrome-with-and-without-loss-of-gtf2ird2
#20
Carlos Alberto Serrano-Juárez, Carlos Alberto Venegas-Vega, Ma Guillermina Yáñez-Téllez, Mario Rodríguez-Camacho, Juan Silva-Pereyra, Hermelinda Salgado-Ceballos, Belén Prieto-Corona
Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that results from a heterozygous microdeletion on chromosome 7q11.23. Most of the time, the affected region contains ~1.5 Mb of sequence encoding approximately 24 genes. Some 5-8% of patients with WS have a deletion exceeding 1.8 Mb, thereby affecting two additional genes, including GTF2IRD2. Currently, there is no consensus regarding the implications of GTF2IRD2 loss for the neuropsychological phenotype of WS patients. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to identify the role of GTF2IRD2 in the cognitive, behavioral, and adaptive profile of WS patients...
October 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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