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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789029/pediatric-brain-development-in-down-syndrome-a-field-in-its-infancy
#1
Taralee Hamner, Manisha D Udhnani, Karol Z Osipowicz, Nancy Raitano Lee
OBJECTIVES: As surprisingly little is known about the developing brain studied in vivo in youth with Down syndrome (DS), the current review summarizes the small DS pediatric structural neuroimaging literature and begins to contextualize existing research within a developmental framework. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was completed, effect sizes from published studies were reviewed, and results are presented with respect to the DS cognitive behavioral phenotype and typical brain development...
May 23, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745359/contribution-of-family-relatedness-to-neurobehavioral-comorbidities-in-idiopathic-childhood-epilepsies
#2
Dace N Almane, Qianqian Zhao, Paul J Rathouz, Melissa Hanson, Daren C Jackson, David A Hsu, Carl E Stafstrom, Jana E Jones, Michael Seidenberg, Monica Koehn, Bruce P Hermann
OBJECTIVES: Rates of cognitive, academic and behavioral comorbidities are elevated in children with epilepsy. The contribution of environmental and genetic influences to comorbidity risk is not fully understood. This study investigated children with epilepsy, their unaffected siblings, and controls to determine the presence and extent of risk associated with family relatedness across a range of epilepsy comorbidities. METHODS: Participants were 346 children (8-18 years), n=180 with recent-onset epilepsy, their unaffected siblings (n=67), and healthy first-degree cousin controls (n=99)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729683/effects-of-repeated-concussions-and-sex-on-early-processing-of-emotional-facial-expressions-as-revealed-by-electrophysiology
#3
Frédérike Carrier-Toutant, Samuel Guay, Christelle Beaulieu, Édith Léveillé, Alexandre Turcotte-Giroux, Samaël D Papineau, Benoit Brisson, Fabien D'Hondt, Louis De Beaumont
OBJECTIVES: Concussions affect the processing of emotional stimuli. This study aimed to investigate how sex interacts with concussion effects on early event-related brain potentials (ERP) measures (P1, N1) of emotional facial expressions (EFE) processing in asymptomatic, multi-concussion athletes during an EFE identification task. METHODS: Forty control athletes (20 females and 20 males) and 43 multi-concussed athletes (22 females and 21 males), recruited more than 3 months after their last concussion, were tested...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706146/neuropsychological-profiles-and-trajectories-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Jean K Ho, Daniel A Nation
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the independent and synergistic effects of amyloid beta (Aβ1-42) and phosphorylated tau (Ptau) pathologies on neuropsychological profiles and trajectories in cognitively normal older adults. METHODS: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative participants identified as cognitively normal at baseline underwent longitudinal assessment (N=518; 0, 12, 24, 36 months), baseline lumbar puncture and follow-up cognitive exams...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704907/illness-perceptions-predict-cognitive-performance-validity
#5
George K Henry, Robert L Heilbronner, Julie Suhr, Jeffrey Gornbein, Eveleigh Wagner, Daniel L Drane
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of psychological variables to cognitive performance validity test (PVT) results in mixed forensic and nonforensic clinical samples. METHODS: Participants included 183 adults who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological examination. Criterion groups were formed, that is, Credible Group or Noncredible Group, based upon their performance on the Word Memory Test and other stand-alone and embedded PVT measures...
April 29, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690938/neuropsychological-recovery-trajectories-in-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-influence-of-patient-characteristics-and-diffuse-axonal-injury-erratum
#6
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Tessa Hart, John Whyte, Junghoon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669609/neuropsychological-test-performance-in-parkinsonism-without-dopaminergic-deficiency-on-123i-fp-cit-spect-imaging
#7
Kathryn A Wyman-Chick, Phillip K Martin, Michal Minár, Manuel Menéndez-González, Lauren O Erickson, Tania Álvarez-Avellón, Ryan W Schroeder
OBJECTIVES: To examine neuropsychological test performance among individuals clinically diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD) without evidence of dopaminergic deficiency on [123]I-CIT single photon emission computed tomography imaging. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Parkinson's Progression Marker Initiative. The sample included 59 participants with scans without evidence of dopaminergic deficiency (SWEDD), 412 with PD, and 114 healthy controls (HC). Tests included Judgment of Line Orientation, Letter-Number Sequencing, Symbol Digit Modalities, Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised, and Letter and Category Fluency...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611492/occurrence-and-recovery-of-different-neglect-related-symptoms-in-right-hemisphere-infarct-patients-during-a-1-year-follow-up
#8
Laura Nurmi, Eija-Inkeri Ruuskanen, Mari Nurmi, Anna-Maija Koivisto, Anna-Kaisa Parkkila, Heikki Numminen, Prasun Dastidar, Mervi Jehkonen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the occurrence of and recovery from visual neglect-related symptoms with the focus on neglect laterality, ipsilateral orienting bias, and slowed processing speed in right hemisphere (RH) infarct patients during a 1-year follow-up. Furthermore, to propose guidelines for assessing processing speed alongside the Behavioural Inattention Test (BIT). METHODS: We studied three RH patient groups: neglect (N+), mild left inattention (MLI+), and non-neglect (N-) patients, and healthy controls...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606153/prospective-memory-is-a-key-predictor-of-functional-independence-in-older-adults
#9
Alexandra Hering, Matthias Kliegel, Peter G Rendell, Fergus I M Craik, Nathan S Rose
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM), the ability to execute delayed intentions, has received increasing attention in neuropsychology and gerontology. Most of this research is motivated by the claim that PM is critical for maintaining functional independence; yet, there is a dearth of empirical evidence to back up the claims. Thus, the present study tested whether PM predicts functional independence in older adults using validated behavioral performance measures for both PM and functional independence...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576028/anomalous-brain-development-is-evident-in-preschoolers-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Lisa A Jacobson, Deana Crocetti, Benjamin Dirlikov, Keith Slifer, Martha Bridge Denckla, Stewart H Mostofsky, E Mark Mahone
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurological disorder with symptom onset early in childhood. Growing evidence suggests anomalous brain development across multiple brain regions is evident in school-aged children; however, few studies have examined whether such differences are notable in the preschool years when symptom onset typically occurs. METHODS: High resolution anatomical (MPRAGE) images and cognitive and behavioral measures were analyzed in a total of 90 medication-naïve preschoolers, ages 4-5 years (52 with ADHD, 38 controls; 64...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573759/executive-dysfunction-and-depression-in-pediatric-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-the-contribution-of-hippocampal-sclerosis-and-psychosocial-factors
#11
William A Schraegle, Nancy L Nussbaum, Jeffrey B Titus
OBJECTIVES: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has been identified as a risk factor for increased depression features in children and adolescents; however, less is known regarding specific neurocognitive predictors of depression in this population above and beyond seizure-specific and sociodemographic factors. METHODS: The study included 62 patients with TLE (64% male) aged 8 to 16 years (M=12.62; SD=2.26) who underwent comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. RESULTS: Correlation analyses revealed significant association between patient depression and WCST Total Perseverations, BRIEF Behavioral Regulation Index (BRI) and family stress...
March 25, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560837/predictors-of-long-term-psychosocial-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prior-concussions
#12
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557317/cognitive-reserve-profiles-in-chronic-schizophrenia-effects-on-theory-of-mind-performance-and-improvement-after-training
#13
Mariachiara Buonocore, Margherita Bechi, Paola Uberti, Marco Spangaro, Federica Cocchi, Carmelo Guglielmino, Laura Bianchi, Antonella Rita Mastromatteo, Marta Bosia, Roberto Cavallaro
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive reserve (CR), defined as individual differences in the ability to cope with brain damage, seem to be associated to the several psychopathological features in psychiatric patients, such as the functional outcome. This study aims to identify different profiles of CR by combining intelligence quotient (IQ) and premorbid functioning, two measures independently associated to CR in previous works, as well as to explore CR effect on both Theory of Mind (ToM) baseline performance and improvement after socio-cognitive trainings...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553037/cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-and-non-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Arantzazu Zabala, Monika Salgueiro, Oihane Sáez-Atxukarro, Javier Ballesteros, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastorza, Rafael Segarra
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease. Its most prevalent manifestation is neuropsychiatric SLE (NP-SLE), which is characterized by increased involvement of the nervous system, with relevant symptoms, such as marked cognitive deficits, which are directly involved in subsequent functional disability. The objective of this study is to identify and compare the profile of cognitive deficits in patients with NP-SLE and patients with non-neuropsychiatric SLE (nonNP-SLE) by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553002/dysfunction-by-disclosure-stereotype-threat-as-a-source-of-secondary-neurocognitive-malperformance-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Steffen Moritz, Karla Spirandelli, Insa Happach, Despina Lion, Fabrice Berna
OBJECTIVES: There is mixed evidence regarding whether patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) display substantial neurocognitive deficits. Several studies implicate poor motivation, comorbid disorders, or distraction due to obsessive thoughts as potential causes of secondary malperformance. The present study examined the impact of stereotype threat (i.e., confrontation with a negative stereotype may impair performance) on neuropsychological functioning in individuals with OCD...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552997/meta-analytic-review-of-memory-impairment-in-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia
#16
Jackie M Poos, Lize C Jiskoot, Janne M Papma, John C van Swieten, Esther van den Berg
OBJECTIVES: A meta-analysis of the extent, nature and pattern of memory performance in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Multiple observational studies have challenged the relative sparing of memory in bvFTD as stated in the current diagnostic criteria. METHODS: We performed a meta-analytic review covering the period 1967 to February 2017 of case-control studies on episodic memory in bvFTD versus control participants (16 studies, 383 patients, 603 control participants), and patients with bvFTD versus those with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (20 studies, 452 bvFTD, 874 AD)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552996/clinical-predictors-of-engagement-in-inpatient-rehabilitation-among-stroke-survivors-with-cognitive-deficits-an-exploratory-study
#17
Emily A Kringle, Lauren Terhorst, Meryl A Butters, Elizabeth R Skidmore
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify clinical predictors that could distinguish clients' level of engagement in inpatient rehabilitation following stroke. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of pooled data from three randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of a behavioral intervention. The sample (n=208) consisted of clients with stroke who had cognitive deficits (Quick-EXIT≥3) and were admitted to inpatient rehabilitation facilities associated with a university medical center...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510770/a-neuropsychological-profile-for-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-cognitive-academic-executive-social-and-behavioral-functioning-in-school-age-children
#18
Vanessa Siffredi, Vicki Anderson, Alissandra McIlroy, Amanda G Wood, Richard J Leventer, Megan M Spencer-Smith
OBJECTIVES: Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC), characterized by developmental absence of the corpus callosum, is one of the most common congenital brain malformations. To date, there are limited data on the neuropsychological consequences of AgCC and factors that modulate different outcomes, especially in children. This study aimed to describe general intellectual, academic, executive, social and behavioral functioning in a cohort of school-aged children presenting for clinical services to a hospital and diagnosed with AgCC...
May 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400264/mood-and-personality-characteristics-are-associated-with-metamemory-knowledge-accuracy-in-a-community-based-cohort-of-older-adults
#19
Leigh E Colvin, Matteo Malgaroli, Silvia Chapman, Anna MacKay-Brandt, Stephanie Cosentino
OBJECTIVES: Emerging work reveals the neuroanatomic changes that compromise metacognition; however, little is known about the impact of premorbid factors. Research suggests that psychological variables influence the perception of cognition, but whether they influence the accuracy of those perceptions (i.e., metacognition) has not been directly examined. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Using Latent Class Analysis (LCA), we tested for discrete personality (NEOFFI) and mood (STAI, BDI-II, and GDS) classes among a community-based cohort of 151 older adults, enrolled in the NKI-Rockland study...
May 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362020/verbal-memory-deficits-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-exposed-to-blasts-at-close-range
#20
Laura J Grande, Meghan E Robinson, Lauren J Radigan, Laura K Levin, Catherine B Fortier, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between close proximity to detonated blast munitions and cognitive functioning in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans. METHODS: A total of 333 participants completed a comprehensive evaluation that included assessment of neuropsychological functions, psychiatric diagnoses and history of military and non-military brain injury. Participants were assigned to a Close-Range Blast Exposure (CBE) or Non-Close-Range Blast Exposure (nonCBE) group based on whether they had reported being exposed to at least one blast within 10 meters...
May 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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