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Journal of Correctional Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661109/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infections-in-custodial-populations-a-systematic-review
#1
Leigh Haysom, Melanie Cross, Rebecca Anastasas, Elizabeth Moore, Stephen Hampton
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in prisons can result in serious morbidity and death. We reviewed rates and risk factors for MRSA infection in custody, searching Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases. Between 1997 and 2015, 17 studies reported MRSA skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), with four case reports of MRSA non-SSTI (necrotizing pneumonias, brain abscess, and epiduritis). Significant associations with MRSA SSTI were found: MRSA colonization, previous skin infection, sharing soap or personal items, SSTI presenting as an abscess or furuncle, younger age, non-Caucasian, overweight, communal laundering, infrequent handwashing, lower hygiene score...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661108/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661107/implementation-of-health-information-exchange-at-the-pima-county-adult-detention-complex-lessons-learned
#3
Alyssa Hinchman, Sara Hodges, James Backus, Terri Warholak
Successful transition of patients between health care entities is difficult. Historically, the process of transitioning individuals through the corrections system with regard to health care was made even more challenging by the limitation of paper records. Recently, the advent of electronic medical records has improved health care nationwide. The use of health information exchange (HIE) systems in areas such as emergency medicine has also impacted patient outcomes. To date, this technology has not been used in the corrections system...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661106/editor-s-letter
#4
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633660/igra-based-screening-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-persons-newly-incarcerated-in-new-york-city-jails
#5
Monica Katyal, Ruth Leibowitz, Homer Venters
In the United States, latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) detection in correctional settings is a public health priority. Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA)-based LTBI screening was introduced in New York City jails in 2011 to 2012, replacing historically used tuberculin skin testing (TST), which was associated with substantial incomplete screening rates. This retrospective, cross-sectional study evaluated LTBI screening outcomes and correlates of positivity in 40,986 persons newly incarcerated in 2011 to 2013...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609484/correctional-policy-and-attempted-suicide-among-transgender-individuals
#6
Leah Drakeford
Little research has examined the link between incarceration and suicide among transgender individuals. Transgender inmates face unique circumstances within the correctional setting that expose them to potentially harmful conditions, including correctional policies that limit access to proper medical care and expose them to threats of harassment and violence. Using data from the 2011 National Transgender Discrimination Survey, this article examines the link between incarceration and suicide among transgender individuals by focusing on the link between correctional policies and attempted suicide among transgender individuals who have been incarcerated...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566611/treatment-of-hcv-in-the-department-of-corrections-in-the-era-of-oral-medications
#7
Richard K Sterling, Reena Cherian, Shawn Lewis, Kathleen Genther, Carolyn Driscoll, Kelly Martin, Mary Beth Goode, Scott Matherly, Mohammad S Siddiqui, Velimir A Luketic, R Todd Stravitz, Puneet Puri, Hannah Lee, Paula Smith, Vaishali Patel, Arun J Sanyal
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is widely prevalent in the Virginia Department of Corrections (DOC). However, sustained virologic response (SVR) with all oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy is unknown. HCV treatment was provided through telemedicine following guidelines of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and Infectious Diseases Society of America. SVR12 in the DOC was compared in two control groups: privately insured and indigent patients receiving care in HCV treatment clinics by the same providers during the same time period...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546788/effectively-assessing-treatment-needs-in-incarcerated-seriously-mentally-ill-individuals-the-utility-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-level-of-care-index
#8
Corey M Leidenfrost, Matthew D Scalco, Elizabeth Randall, Peter S Martin, Samuel J Sinclair, Travis J Stewart, Ronald Schoelerman, Daniel Antonius
Early identification of treatment needs in incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness has significant implications. Validated assessment instruments to guide treatment are lacking in correctional settings. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the predictive validity of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) in 35 inmates admitted to a specialized treatment unit. The LOCI score was predictive of levels of depressogenic psychopathology and psychological well-being as well as changes in these constructs over time...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544377/does-juvenile-detention-impact-health
#9
Titilola Balogun, Catherine Troisi, Michael D Swartz, Linda Lloyd, Rebecca Beyda
Youth involved in the juvenile justice system represent a medically underserved population. Recidivist youth have poorer health outcomes compared to youth detained for the first time. This study determined differences in immunization history, substance use, mental health symptoms, and sexual behavior between recidivist youth and first-time detainees following improvements in intake screenings at a large, urban juvenile detention center in the Southeastern United States. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that recidivist youth had significantly higher acellular pertussis immunization rates compared with first-time detainees (odds ratio [ OR] = 3...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544376/acceptability-of-hiv-testing-among-jail-inmates-when-combined-with-a-blood-test-for-tuberculosis
#10
Ank E Nijhawan, Princess A Iroh, Esmaeil Porsa
Incarcerated individuals are at high risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB), though combined screening in the criminal justice system is limited. Newer blood tests for TB provide a unique opportunity to combine HIV and TB testing in corrections. Entering jail inmates were offered routine opt-out HIV testing along with TB screening, both via blood draw. Of the 529 individuals enrolled, 524 (99%) agreed to HIV testing. Testing identified 13 (2.5%) previously diagnosed HIV infections and one new positive. One quarter (138, 26%) of participants had never been tested for HIV and were more likely to be young, Hispanic, born outside of the United States, and incarcerated for the first time...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976088/risk-based-hiv-testing-at-los-angeles-county-men-s-central-jail
#11
Nazia Qureshi, Marjan Javanbakht, Martha Tadesse, Mark Malek, Garrett Cox
Incarcerated populations tend to be disproportionately affected by HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and men who have sex with men (MSM) are an especially high-risk subset of these populations. Despite the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for universal HIV screening, a lack of resources and high inmate turnover make it difficult to implement such guidelines in jails. From September 2013 to May 2016, the Infection Control Unit of the Los Angeles County Jail used existing resources to implement a voluntary, risk-based HIV educational and screening program targeting MSM inmates during early incarceration...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963939/evaluation-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-commissary-foods-offered-in-american-women-s-prisons
#12
Laura M Rosenboom, Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie L Stang, Lisa J Harnack
Weight gain and obesity among female prisoners is of public health concern. This study analyzed the nutritional quality of commissary food and recipes cooked within eight women's prisons in the United States. Food items from commissary lists were categorized into the MyPlate food groups. Nutrition Data System for Research was used to analyze the nutritional content of recipes ( N = 175). Mean nutrient content, percent Daily Values, and food group servings were calculated. Recipes were generally high in sodium, saturated fat, added sugars, and calories but low in vitamin D...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962264/depression-executive-dysfunction-and-prior-economic-and-social-vulnerability-associations-in-incarcerated-african-american-men
#13
Faith A Scanlon, Joy D Scheidell, Gary S Cuddeback, Darcy Samuelsohn, David A Wohl, Carl W Lejuez, William W Latimer, Maria R Khan
Low executive function (EF) and depression are each determinants of health. This study examined the synergy between deficits in EF (impaired cognitive flexibility; >75th percentile on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test perseverative error score) and depressive symptoms (modified Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) and preincarceration well-being among incarcerated African American men ( N = 189). In adjusted analyses, having impaired EF and depression was strongly associated with pre-incarceration food insecurity (odds ratio [ OR] = 3...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938550/barriers-and-facilitators-to-effective-mental-health-care-in-correctional-settings
#14
Olivia Kolodziejczak, Samuel Justin Sinclair
It is estimated that one third to one half of the 2.3 million individuals inside U.S. jails and prisons have a mental illness in contrast to 18.3% of the general population. The implications of this on training mental health professionals to provide efficacious treatment inside correctional facilities, as well as planning for the rehabilitation and reintegration of incarcerated individuals, are significant and numerous. This article will present a brief history and overview of mental health services in the U...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925290/preparing-to-die-behind-bars-the-journey-of-male-inmates-with-terminal-health-conditions
#15
Sara Sanders, Meredith Stensland
The prison population is graying as more individuals are receiving longer sentences without opportunities for parole or release for health-related reasons. While research has expanded on end-of-life care in and out of prison settings, to date there has been little research conducted on how inmates experience dying behind bars. Through collecting data during observation of facilitated advance care planning sessions, this qualitative study revealed four main themes: (1) losing a piece of everything, (2) not sure what to feel, (3) where will I die, and (4) finding purpose in the midst of purposelessness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925287/addressing-women-s-unmet-health-care-needs-in-a-canadian-remand-center-catalyst-for-improved-health
#16
Jonathan D Besney, Cybele Angel, Diane Pyne, Rebecca Martell, Louanne Keenan, Rabia Ahmed
Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, substance disorders, and mental illness. This study explored incarcerated women's health and whether a Women's Health Clinic improved care within this vulnerable population. Retrospective chart reviews and focus groups were conducted. Poor access to care in the community due to competing social needs was described. Barriers to care during incarceration included lack of comprehensive gender-specific services, mistrust of providers, and fragmentation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338673/editor-s-letter
#17
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338671/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#19
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#20
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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