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Journal of Correctional Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715987/editor-s-letter
#1
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715986/the-hiv-care-cascade-among-individuals-under-community-supervision-in-baltimore-maryland
#2
Nickolas Zaller, Michael Gordon, Lauri Bazerman, Irene Kuo, Curt Beckwith
An estimated one in seven HIV-infected individuals pass through U.S. correctional facilities each year. Transitioning from correctional to community settings may increase HIV treatment interruptions and increase the risk of continued HIV transmission in the community. This study assessed access to HIV providers in the community, antiretroviral treatment, and viral suppression to inform the development of interventions to improve HIV treatment outcomes among individuals involved in community corrections. The sample included 100 individuals under community supervision (probation or parole) in Baltimore, Maryland...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#4
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#5
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715982/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715981/trajectory-of-weight-patterns-in-urban-youth-throughout-their-stay-in-a-juvenile-justice-system
#7
Lori Keough, Meghan Cobb, Tatum Sinclair, Dawn Beckman
Incarceration is associated with health risks including overweight and obesity. This study explored obesity rates and weight gain in incarcerated youth by tracking weight trajectory during continuous stays in juvenile justice facilities. Among 65 youth, mean weight gain was 17.8 pounds and significant, F(2, 12) = 25.44, p = .03. Youth gained an average of 15.6 pounds (standard deviation [ SD] = 3.6) during the initial incarceration period (mean = 71 days). From the assessment to treatment period (mean = 46 days), mean weight gain was 4...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421893/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421892/editor-s-letter
#9
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421891/truth-be-told-evaluation-of-a-narrative-and-skills-intervention-in-two-women-s-prisons
#10
Michael W Ross
This article describes the evaluation of a narrative and skills intervention to enable women to come to terms with their offenses, tell the truth, and then work to deal with the emotions and issues surrounding their offenses, in two southern U.S. women's prisons. The intervention involved skills building in communication, community building, creativity, and caring for the self, using narrative writing, speaking, and movement. There was broad agreement that the intervention had multiple positive impacts, including insight into factors that lead to incarceration, comfort with selves and better ability to express themselves, restorative justice (ability to understand the situation of others, understanding the impact on themselves and their families), better relationships with other inmates, and understanding the challenges that may lead to recidivism...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421890/inmate-health-care-provided-in-an-emergency-department
#11
Lindsey Koester, Jay M Brenner, Aimee Goulette, Susan M Wojcik, William Grant
The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Many correctional facilities have outsourced the medical care for this population that often presents with complex health issues. This study evaluates the reasons that inmates present to an emergency department (ED) and compares them to the general population ED visits. The most common presenting complaints were trauma (16.8%), abdominal pain (13.5%), chest pain (9.0%), and self-injury (8.7%). These presenting complaints differed significantly from those of the general population (abdominal pain [8...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730862/correctional-officers-and-workplace-adversity-identifying-interpersonal-cognitive-and-behavioral-response-tendencies
#12
Justin S Trounson, Jeffrey E Pfeifer
This study explored correctional officers' response tendencies (i.e., cognitive, interpersonal, and behavioral response patterns they engage in) when managing workplace adversity. In total, 53 Australian correctional officers participated in the study. Eight exploratory focus group discussions ( n = 42) were conducted to identify a set of officer-endorsed response tendencies. Thematic analysis of group data revealed that correctional officers engage in a range of response tendencies when facing workplace adversity and that these tendencies may be categorized as interpersonally, cognitively, or behaviorally based...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656821/increased-coccidioidomycosis-among-inmates-at-a-california-prison-initial-investigation-in-2005-to-2006
#13
Lauren A Lee, Jean Yuan, Duc Vugia, Charlotte Wheeler, Robert Chapnick, Janet Mohle-Boetani
Since 2005, coccidioidomycosis has increased among inmates at a California prison. Our initial investigation found an incidence of 3,323 cases/100,000 persons. Black race, age ≥41 years, and residence on Yard C were significantly associated with coccidioidomycosis ( p < .05). Inmates at this prison have continued to be at risk for coccidioidomycosis.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656820/best-practices-for-nutrition-care-of-pregnant-women-in-prison
#14
Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie Stang, Danielle Dallaire, Catherine A Forestell, Wendy Hellerstedt
Approximately 3% to 4% of women are pregnant upon their admission to prison. Pregnant inmates present unique challenges for correctional health providers, including meeting the nutritional needs for healthy pregnancy outcomes. The authors outline six recommendations for nutrition care for pregnant inmates, including (1) test for pregnancy; (2) prescribe prenatal vitamins; (3) follow nutrition recommendations outlined by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; (4) provide additional food, monitor over time, and allow for modifications to meet pregnancy needs; (5) ensure regular access to water; and (6) provide inmates with resources and education on healthy diet...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656789/suicide-prevention-in-correctional-settings-current-standards-and-recommendations-for-research-prevention-and-training
#15
Robert J Cramer, Hayley J Wechsler, Sarah L Miller, Elise Yenne
Inmates remain a vulnerable group at elevated risk for suicide, especially in light of stresses associated with incarceration. Despite the elevated risk for inmates, suicide prevention practices in corrections remain tenuous at best. The present article reviews literature on risk and protective factors for suicide among inmates as well as current recommended best practices. It then provides directions for suicide prevention provision, training, and research in correctional settings. These include adaptations for security staff of current empirically supported models of suicide risk training and intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643543/measuring-compassionate-care-reliability-and-validity-of-the-greek-version-of-a-compassionate-care-assessment-tool
#16
Katerina Grimani
This study attempts to fill the gap regarding the adequacy of a compassionate care assessment tool by evaluating the tool for use with Greek patients. The Greek version of the compassionate care assessment tool was developed by using forward and backward translation. The reliability and validity of the measures were investigated in a sample of patients hospitalized in public hospitals in Athens. The internal consistency of the instrument was examined based on Cronbach's α coefficients, and the validity was evaluated by subjecting the items of the instrument to factor analysis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534434/effects-of-a-statewide-tobacco-cessation-program-among-individuals-involved-with-arkansas-community-correction
#17
Christine Garver-Apgar, Susan Young, Brenda Howard, Ben Udochi, Chad Morris
In response to a critical need for tobacco cessation services among justice-involved populations, Arkansas Community Correction (ACC) partnered with the University of Colorado's Behavioral Health & Wellness Program in 2013 to implement the DIMENSIONS: Tobacco Free Program within all probation, parole, and drug court units. In the first 2 years of this statewide, evidence-based program, more than 1,100 individuals from 33 ACC area office locations attended tobacco-free group sessions and provided data on tobacco use and readiness to quit...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366084/metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-and-reduction-in-inmates-prescribed-antipsychotic-medications
#18
Rusty Reeves, Anthony Tamburello, Lisa DeBilio
The principal aim of this study was to establish whether a metabolic monitoring program implemented for second-generation antipsychotic medications (SGAs) was associated with any reduction in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adult inmates treated with antipsychotic medications in the New Jersey Department of Corrections. The average prevalence of metabolic syndrome in those prescribed SGAs decreased from 17.9% during the years before metabolic monitoring to 14.3% during the years of monitoring. The number of patients prescribed antipsychotic medication decreased a net 35% over 9 years of the study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366044/developing-a-typology-for-peer-education-and-peer-support-delivered-by-prisoners
#19
Jane South, Anne-Marie Bagnall, James Woodall
Peer interventions delivered for prisoners by prisoners offer a means to improve health and reduce risk factors for this population. The variety of peer programs poses challenges for synthesizing evidence. This article presents a typology developed as part of a systematic review of peer interventions in prison settings. Peer interventions are grouped into four modes: peer education, peer support, peer mentoring, and bridging roles, with the addition of a number of specific interventions identified through the review process...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366043/nurses-perceptions-of-weight-gain-and-obesity-in-the-prison-environment
#20
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
This study aimed to improve understanding of obesity in prison by investigating prison nurses' perceptions of weight gain and obesity. In-depth semistructured interviews were carried out with 17 nurses who worked in two male prisons in the United Kingdom. Nurses identified a variety of factors that they believed contributed to obesity and weight gain in the prison setting. These included factors caused by prisoner behavior, such as poor food choices and sedentary lifestyle. Factors influenced by the prison environment, such as stress of imprisonment, prison regime, and prison culture, were also seen as significant...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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