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Journal of Correctional Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100149/the-meaning-of-ending-life-in-prison
#1
Alison Liebling
There are many ways that life can end in prison. This article takes suicides, murder, and the whole life sentence as three forms of unnatural death that illustrate important features of the prison experience and that take on a special meaning in this environment. These forms of death in custody challenge the "legitimate penological purposes of imprisonment." Reflections on the importance of hope and dignity in prison are informed by this account.
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100148/palliative-care-in-uk-prisons
#2
Mary Turner, Marian Peacock
Despite falling crime rates in England and Wales over the past 20 years, the number of prisoners has doubled. People over the age of 50 constitute the fastest growing section of the prison population, and increasing numbers of older prisoners are dying in custody. This article discusses some of the issues raised by these changing demographics and draws on preliminary findings from a study underway in North West England. It describes the context behind the rise in the numbers of older prisoners; explores the particular needs of this growing population; and discusses some of the practical and emotional challenges for prison officers, health care staff, and fellow prisoners who are involved in caring for dying prisoners in a custodial environment...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100147/editor-s-letter
#3
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100146/examining-the-relationship-between-childhood-victimization-high-risk-behaviors-and-health-among-criminal-justice-involved-women
#4
Tanya Renn, Seana Golder, George Higgins, T K Logan, Katherine M Winham
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of the pathways through which childhood victimization influences adult health outcomes. Specifically, measures of high-risk behaviors, tobacco use, alcohol use, illegal substance use, and HIV risk behaviors were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between childhood victimization and adult physical health. The sample consisted of 406 women on probation and parole with a history of childhood victimization in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between childhood victimization, high-risk behaviors, and physical health outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100145/chronic-health-conditions-among-incoming-canadian-federally-sentenced-women
#5
Amanda M Nolan, Lynn A Stewart
Over a 13-month period, health data on all consecutive incoming Canadian federally sentenced women offenders were collected and analyzed ( N = 280). The most common health conditions cited were back pain, head injury, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and asthma. Rates of chronic health problems were generally similar to those of their male offender counterparts, with the notable exception of HCV, which was higher for women. Aboriginal women offenders had particularly high rates of HCV. The study provides valuable information on the self-reported physical health status of federally sentenced women offenders that can be used as a benchmark to examine health trends over time...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100144/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100143/end-of-life-in-high-security-prisons-in-switzerland
#7
Irene Marti, Ueli Hostettler, Marina Richter
Similar to other institutions, the Swiss prison system faces a growing number of elderly prisoners, trends toward securitization, and, in consequence, more prisoners who will spend the end-of-life (EOL) period of time in prison. By law, prisoners should have the same access to care as the rest of the population. However, custody makes meeting the demands of medical and palliative care difficult. This article focuses on the organizational challenges related to EOL care. Based on ethnographic and documentary research, it examines the institutional logic of the prison and the competing "new" logic emerging with EOL care...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100142/reduction-in-jail-emergency-department-visits-and-closure-after-implementation-of-on-site-urgent-care
#8
Erick Eiting, Carrie S Korn, Erin Wilkes, Glenn Ault, Sean O Henderson
This descriptive study evaluates the impact of implementation of full service on-site urgent care services at the Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) by examining the number of patients seen at the referral hospital, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center (LAC+USC), and the number of hours that the referral hospital was closed to transfers in the periods before and after the development of the LACJ Urgent Care. The appropriate utilization of public resources is a critical priority for an overburdened county medical health care system...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100141/caring-to-learn-and-learning-to-care
#9
Kristin G Cloyes, Susan J Rosenkranz, Katherine P Supiano, Patricia H Berry, Meghan Routt, Sarah M Llanque, Kathleen Shannon-Dorcy
The increasing numbers of aging and chronically ill prisoners incarcerated in Western nations is well-documented, as is the growing need for prison-based palliative and end-of-life care. Less often discussed is specifically how end-of-life care can and should be provided, by whom, and with what resources. One strategy incorporates prisoner volunteers into end-of-life services within a peer-care program. This article reports on one such program based on focused ethnographic study including in-depth interviews with inmate hospice volunteers, nursing staff, and corrections officers working in the hospice program...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100140/human-rights-and-dignity-behind-bars
#10
Tina Maschi, Marina Richter
Death and dying in prisons constitute a topic of growing importance across the globe. Based on the contributions made in this special issue, we reflect on current debates and outline recommendations for dialogue and practice. Scientific dialogue across the Atlantic, and across the globe, provides insights into different national carceral systems and their ways of dealing with end of life behind bars. At the same time, the comparison also helps to identify basic needs and practices that can work in various settings...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100139/the-collision-of-inmate-and-patient
#11
Aline Chassagne, Aurélie Godard, Elodie Cretin, Lionel Pazart, Régis Aubry
Every year in France 100 inmates die in prison from illness, but their experiences with end of life (EOL) have not been investigated to date. The purpose of this article is to highlight the realities regarding inmates at the end of life, putting into perspective the viewpoints of the sick prisoners with those of the health and correctional professionals accompanying them. Based on qualitative research, the challenge is to identify potential barriers to palliative care for inmates in order to consider possible improvements...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100138/perceptions-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-correctional-health-care-providers
#12
Christine Costa, Pamela Lusk
Collaborative practice is a health care standard that improves patient outcomes through maximizing the use of resources and mutual work of all health care providers. Since collaborative practice depends on interdisciplinary communication, effective communication training for health care participants is imperative for success. This article presents the results of research that studied perceptions of interdisciplinary communication and collaborative practice among 24 health care personnel in three correctional facilities in Orange County, California...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040994/end-of-life-in-prison
#13
Marina Richter, Ueli Hostettler
What a good end of life means is a particularly relevant question in the context of confinement and prison. Most of the questions and issues raised by end of life for those living in liberty also apply to the correctional setting. However, the institutional particularities and logics of the prison create unique barriers and make it difficult in practice to reconcile concerns in regard to end of life-like care and comfort-with the mandate of corrections-confinement and punishment. At present, the literature on end of life in prison is dominated by U...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040993/death-after-jail-release
#14
Byron Alex, David B Weiss, Fatos Kaba, Zachary Rosner, David Lee, Sungwoo Lim, Homer Venters, Ross MacDonald
The period immediately after release from prison or jail carries increased mortality risk. This study sought to better understand postrelease death by matching electronic health records from those incarcerated in New York City jails between 2011 and 2012 with vital statistics records. The in-jail and 6-week postrelease mortality rates were estimated to be 1.39 and 5.89 per 1,000 person-years, respectively. Of 59 deaths occurring within 6 weeks of release from jail, the causes included opioid overdose (37.3%), other drugs (8...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742861/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742860/staff-satisfaction-ethical-concerns-and-burnout-in-the-new-york-city-jail-health-system
#16
Ramneet Kalra, Sarah Glowa Kollisch, Ross MacDonald, Nathaniel Dickey, Zachary Rosner, Homer Venters
This article reviewed a program evaluation conducted among correctional health care staff in New York City (NYC) using a 68-question electronic survey to assess satisfaction, attitudes, and beliefs in relation to ethics and burnout of health care employees in NYC jails. Descriptive statistics were tabulated and reviewed, and further assessment of burnout and ethics was performed through group sessions with participants. This evaluation has led to changes in agency policies and procedures and an emphasis on the human rights issue of the dual loyalty challenges that the security setting places on the overall mission to care for patients...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742859/childhood-adversity-and-mental-health-correlates-of-obesity-in-a-population-at-risk
#17
Kathleen Brewer-Smyth, Monica Cornelius, Ryan T Pohlig
The staggering prevalence of obesity and obesity-related health conditions takes exorbitant tolls on health care resources. This cross-sectional study with private evaluations of 636 adult inmates in a southern state prison was conducted with regressions comparing obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) to nonobese individuals to define obesity risk factors. Obese individuals more likely were female, were victims of childhood sexual abuse, suffered greater severity of childhood sexual abuse, attempted suicide, reported drug dependency, were non-Caucasian, and were older than nonobese...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742858/the-meaning-of-depression-symptoms-for-young-black-men-employed-at-a-community-based-reentry-facility
#18
Danielle E K Perkins, Sue Lasiter
Only 10% of Black men are predicted to experience depression despite widespread disparities in education, employment, socioeconomic status, and incarceration. Gender, cultural, and situational variables force divergence from traditional symptoms of depression and complicate accurate identification of depression in young Black men. Twenty young Black men who were employed by a community-based reentry facility were interviewed about their perceptions of items on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742857/health-promotion-body-maps-of-criminalized-woman
#19
Lorie Donelle, Jodi Hall
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. For criminalized women, opportunities to engage in health-promoting activities are obstructed by factors related to the context of their lives prior to and during incarceration. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into criminalized women's health and their access to health information and services. Thematic data analysis of body maps and interview transcripts revealed a central theme related to barriers and facilitators to health resources as contingent on being "inside" or "outside" of the incarceration setting...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742856/comparison-of-digital-chest-radiography-to-purified-protein-derivative-for-screening-of-tuberculosis-in-newly-admitted-inmates
#20
Nicholas R Degner, Alfred Joshua, Rex Padilla, Holly H Vo, Gary M Vilke
This study compares purified protein derivative (PPD) screening to digital chest radiography (CXR) screening for tuberculosis (TB) in newly admitted inmates in the San Diego County Jail system. The study period lasted from 2002 to 2014, during which 45 cases of active TB were detected, a rate of 69.2 cases per 100,000 person-years. Compared to PPD, CXR reduces the median number of days active TB cases were in the general population from 44.4 to 5.2 days and the number of exposures from 1,222 to 138 persons...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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