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Journal of Correctional Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661109/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infections-in-custodial-populations-a-systematic-review
#1
Leigh Haysom, Melanie Cross, Rebecca Anastasas, Elizabeth Moore, Stephen Hampton
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in prisons can result in serious morbidity and death. We reviewed rates and risk factors for MRSA infection in custody, searching Medline, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases. Between 1997 and 2015, 17 studies reported MRSA skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), with four case reports of MRSA non-SSTI (necrotizing pneumonias, brain abscess, and epiduritis). Significant associations with MRSA SSTI were found: MRSA colonization, previous skin infection, sharing soap or personal items, SSTI presenting as an abscess or furuncle, younger age, non-Caucasian, overweight, communal laundering, infrequent handwashing, lower hygiene score...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661108/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661107/implementation-of-health-information-exchange-at-the-pima-county-adult-detention-complex-lessons-learned
#3
Alyssa Hinchman, Sara Hodges, James Backus, Terri Warholak
Successful transition of patients between health care entities is difficult. Historically, the process of transitioning individuals through the corrections system with regard to health care was made even more challenging by the limitation of paper records. Recently, the advent of electronic medical records has improved health care nationwide. The use of health information exchange (HIE) systems in areas such as emergency medicine has also impacted patient outcomes. To date, this technology has not been used in the corrections system...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661106/editor-s-letter
#4
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609484/correctional-policy-and-attempted-suicide-among-transgender-individuals
#5
Leah Drakeford
Little research has examined the link between incarceration and suicide among transgender individuals. Transgender inmates face unique circumstances within the correctional setting that expose them to potentially harmful conditions, including correctional policies that limit access to proper medical care and expose them to threats of harassment and violence. Using data from the 2011 National Transgender Discrimination Survey, this article examines the link between incarceration and suicide among transgender individuals by focusing on the link between correctional policies and attempted suicide among transgender individuals who have been incarcerated...
April 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633660/igra-based-screening-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-persons-newly-incarcerated-in-new-york-city-jails
#6
Monica Katyal, Ruth Leibowitz, Homer Venters
In the United States, latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) detection in correctional settings is a public health priority. Interferon gamma release assay (IGRA)-based LTBI screening was introduced in New York City jails in 2011 to 2012, replacing historically used tuberculin skin testing (TST), which was associated with substantial incomplete screening rates. This retrospective, cross-sectional study evaluated LTBI screening outcomes and correlates of positivity in 40,986 persons newly incarcerated in 2011 to 2013...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566611/treatment-of-hcv-in-the-department-of-corrections-in-the-era-of-oral-medications
#7
Richard K Sterling, Reena Cherian, Shawn Lewis, Kathleen Genther, Carolyn Driscoll, Kelly Martin, Mary Beth Goode, Scott Matherly, Mohammad S Siddiqui, Velimir A Luketic, R Todd Stravitz, Puneet Puri, Hannah Lee, Paula Smith, Vaishali Patel, Arun J Sanyal
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is widely prevalent in the Virginia Department of Corrections (DOC). However, sustained virologic response (SVR) with all oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy is unknown. HCV treatment was provided through telemedicine following guidelines of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and Infectious Diseases Society of America. SVR12 in the DOC was compared in two control groups: privately insured and indigent patients receiving care in HCV treatment clinics by the same providers during the same time period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546788/effectively-assessing-treatment-needs-in-incarcerated-seriously-mentally-ill-individuals-the-utility-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-level-of-care-index
#8
Corey M Leidenfrost, Matthew D Scalco, Elizabeth Randall, Peter S Martin, Samuel J Sinclair, Travis J Stewart, Ronald Schoelerman, Daniel Antonius
Early identification of treatment needs in incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness has significant implications. Validated assessment instruments to guide treatment are lacking in correctional settings. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the predictive validity of the Level of Care Index (LOCI) in 35 inmates admitted to a specialized treatment unit. The LOCI score was predictive of levels of depressogenic psychopathology and psychological well-being as well as changes in these constructs over time...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544377/does-juvenile-detention-impact-health
#9
Titilola Balogun, Catherine Troisi, Michael D Swartz, Linda Lloyd, Rebecca Beyda
Youth involved in the juvenile justice system represent a medically underserved population. Recidivist youth have poorer health outcomes compared to youth detained for the first time. This study determined differences in immunization history, substance use, mental health symptoms, and sexual behavior between recidivist youth and first-time detainees following improvements in intake screenings at a large, urban juvenile detention center in the Southeastern United States. Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that recidivist youth had significantly higher acellular pertussis immunization rates compared with first-time detainees (odds ratio [ OR] = 3...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544376/acceptability-of-hiv-testing-among-jail-inmates-when-combined-with-a-blood-test-for-tuberculosis
#10
Ank E Nijhawan, Princess A Iroh, Esmaeil Porsa
Incarcerated individuals are at high risk of HIV and tuberculosis (TB), though combined screening in the criminal justice system is limited. Newer blood tests for TB provide a unique opportunity to combine HIV and TB testing in corrections. Entering jail inmates were offered routine opt-out HIV testing along with TB screening, both via blood draw. Of the 529 individuals enrolled, 524 (99%) agreed to HIV testing. Testing identified 13 (2.5%) previously diagnosed HIV infections and one new positive. One quarter (138, 26%) of participants had never been tested for HIV and were more likely to be young, Hispanic, born outside of the United States, and incarcerated for the first time...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338673/editor-s-letter
#11
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338671/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#13
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#14
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303034/the-effects-of-restrictive-housing-on-the-psychological-functioning-of-inmates
#15
J Hunter Astor, Thomas J Fagan, David Shapiro
The use of restrictive housing as a correctional management tool has received much attention in recent years, especially as it impacts psychological functioning. While there is considerable literature advocating for the reduced use of restrictive housing, much of it is based on opinions, interview data, and testimonials. This article reviews only the empirical evidence regarding the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning in actual correctional settings. Results of this review indicate that only a limited number of empirical studies examine the effects of restrictive housing on mental functioning in correctional settings...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277147/factors-that-promote-and-hinder-medication-adherence-from-the-perspective-of-inmates-in-a-provincial-remand-center-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Lauren Cuthbertson, Karolina Kowalewski, Jennifer Edge, Keith Courtney
Effective medication delivery to inmates within correctional facilities is essential for managing symptoms, preventing relapse, slowing disease progression, and enabling recovery. Despite its importance, medication adherence in correctional facilities is poor. This mixed methods study explores the factors that affect medication adherence from the perspective of 20 inmates at a provincial remand center in Alberta, Canada. Themes describing factors that promote or hinder medication adherence emerged: patient-related factors (addiction, social support, insight into disease, and purpose of medications), health care provider-related factors (health care provider attributes and trust in physicians), and correctional setting factors...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239232/effectiveness-of-single-and-multiple-tablet-antiretroviral-regimens-in-correctional-setting-for-treatment-experienced-hiv-patients
#17
Andrew Merker, Melissa Badowski, Thomas Chiampas, Sarah E Pérez, Mahesh Patel, Jeremy Young, Ryan Werner
Minimal information is available regarding antiretroviral prescribing patterns and outcomes for HIV patients in correctional systems. This study analyzes single- (STR) and multiple- (MTR) tablet regimen effectiveness in patients receiving HIV telemedicine care through the Illinois Department of Corrections (IDOC). This study involves a retrospective review of HIV-positive adult patients in IDOC on either an STR (efavirenz, rilpivirine, elvitegravir based) or an MTR (emtricitabine/tenofovir with atazanavir/ritonavir, darunavir/ritonavir, or raltegravir)...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067864/stress-substance-use-and-yoga-in-the-context-of-community-reentry-following-incarceration
#18
Alexandra S Wimberly, Malitta Engstrom
This field report provides a rationale for the potential of yoga to support reductions in stress and substance use among people returning to the community from jail or prison and describes an agency-based example of yoga classes offered in this context. People who have recently experienced incarceration face a multitude of stressors, which can heighten the risk of substance use and support the need to address stress reduction as a pathway to reduced substance use. One promising intervention is yoga, which has demonstrated significant stress-reduction effects among several populations...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945148/serological-susceptibility-to-varicella-among-u-s-immigration-and-customs-enforcement-detainees
#19
Aiden K Varan, Edith R Lederman, Shanon S Stous, Diana Elson, Jennifer L Freiman, Mona Marin, Adriana S Lopez, William M Stauffer, Rachael H Joseph, Stephen H Waterman
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is responsible for detaining unauthorized aliens during immigration proceedings. During 2014 to 2015, adult ICE detainees at a California facility were invited to complete a survey concerning self-reported varicella history and risk factors. Participants underwent serological testing for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgG; susceptible individuals were offered varicella vaccination. Among 400 detainees with available serology results, 48 (12%) were susceptible to varicella...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871838/availability-of-health-related-programs-in-private-and-public-prisons
#20
Valerio Baćak, Greg Ridgeway
Little is known about the resources available to protect inmates' health in private prisons compared to their public counterparts. This is the first national-level study that exclusively examined the availability of health-related programs in private and public prisons in the United States. We applied propensity score weighting and doubly robust estimation to compare private prisons to comparable public prisons. Data were self-reported by prison administrators as part of the 2005 Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities...
January 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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