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Journal of Correctional Health Care

Anne C Spaulding, Jagpreet Chhatwal, Madeline G Adee, Robert T Lawrence, Curt G Beckwith, William von Oehsen
The cost of treating all incarcerated people who have hepatitis C with direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) greatly stresses correctional facility budgets. Complex federal laws bar pharmaceutical companies from simply discounting expensive medications to prices that facilities can afford. This article discusses means by which correctional facilities may qualify under federal law as "safety-net providers" to allow sale of DAAs at a price <10% of the average manufacturer price (AMP). No new laws would need to be enacted to implement this strategy...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Rosemary A Johnson, Kerry A Milner, Christine Heng, Anna E Greer, Sue DeNisco
The purpose of this 3-month quasi-experimental pilot study was to examine the effect of a physical activity and dietary education program on body mass index (BMI) and resilience. Participants were given data-storing pedometers to record their physical activity, attended classes on healthy eating, and used portion control tools from . MyPlate usage and commissary purchases were collected weekly. BMI and resilience scores were measured at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. Twenty-nine female prisoners completed the study...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Christer Priwe, Peter Carlsson
The aim of the study was to describe oral health status as well as risk factors related to the oral health in a prison inmate population at admission. A sample of 186 men admitted to one of Sweden's prisons were examined and interviewed to collect information. The results indicate a high prevalence of untreated oral disease and oral health risk factors in the sample. Seventy-one percent of the study population indicated drug abuse. Only 4.9% were assessed with completely healthy periodontal tissues, and 66% showed at least one tooth with untreated caries...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Amy Jo Harzke, Maria Diaz, Emily Tong, Gwen Baillargeon, Stephanie Zepeda, Angela Koranek, Robert Sandmann
This study evaluated the effectiveness of formulary substitution from products or regimens containing name brand emtricitabine to alternative regimens containing generic lamivudine among virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients in a correctional managed health care system. Results of this retrospective cohort study showed that 94.9% of patients switched from emtricitabine to lamivudine ( n = 447) and 93.0% of emtricitabine control patients ( n = 449) had an undetectable viral load at last available test over a 2-year period...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Lise Lafferty, Georgina M Chambers, Jill Guthrie, Tony Butler, Carla Treloar
Social capital has been associated with improved health outcomes. Measures of social capital have been developed specifically for different population groups, cultures, and contexts; however, there is no readily available measure for use among inmates in the prison setting. This study sought to translate a community concept into the prison setting through the development and piloting of the Inmate Social Capital Questionnaire (ISCQ). Thirty male inmates (living with hepatitis C) participated in the pilot phase of the ISCQ ( n = 23 sentenced and n = 7 held on remand)...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Jason Chertoff, Paul Stevenson, Hassan Alnuaimat
The effect of incarceration on sepsis outcomes in the United States is infrequently described in the literature. This study sought to investigate whether being incarcerated affected mortality rates in sepsis. The retrospective study used data from October 1, 2013, to November 30, 2016, of patients admitted with a diagnosis of sepsis at a tertiary care center with a primary outcome of in-hospital mortality. The study cohort included 8,568 cases of sepsis, of which 8,448 were noninmates and 120 were inmates. Overall mortality was 15...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Tenzin Wangmo, Violet Handtke, Wiebke Bretschneider, Bernice S Elger
This qualitative article presents and compares the views of older prisoners and expert stakeholders on the topic of nutrition and exercise. The study highlights measures for improving the health of older prisoners. Older prisoners report the need to improve quality of meals provided in prison. They note that prison food is of poor quality and not adapted to their needs. With regard to exercise, they point out the lack of proper opportunities to engage in exercise and sports, and describe several factors that make physical activities either unsuitable or unfeasible...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Charlotte Wheeler, Kimberley D Lucas, Gordana Derado, Orion McCotter, R Steven Tharratt, Tom Chiller, Janet C Mohle-Boetani
Two California state prisons (A and B) have very high rates of coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever). The prison health care service sought to improve their prevention strategy by risk stratification with a newly available spherulin-based Coccidioides delayed-type hypersensitivity test. Of the 36,789 voluntarily screened inmates, 4.7% experienced adverse reactions. A positive test (8.6% of those tested) was independently associated with (1) incarceration at prisons A and B, (2) admission to prison from a Coccidioides-endemic county, (3) length of stay at prisons A and B, and (4) increasing age...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Rahela Bursac, Laura Raffa, Angela Solimo, Connor Bell, Elizabeth Ford
Individuals with serious mental illness detained in jail may require frequent psychiatric hospitalization due to the destabilizing nature of the jail environment. This study examined the impact of a pilot treatment program involving continuity of patient care across jail and hospital settings aimed at reducing hospitalizations and negative health outcomes for a population of high-risk, incarcerated individuals with mental illness. This study examined rate ratios of psychiatric hospitalizations, injuries, and suicide watches, comparing 15 patients in the treatment program to themselves pretreatment and to a control group of 15 frequently rehospitalized patients...
October 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Leigh E Tenkku Lepper, Sakshi Trivedi, Adaobi Anakwe
Incarcerated women experience stress related to their prison sentence, and this can be aggravated by pregnancy-related changes, with pregnant women at higher risks of adverse maternal and fetal health outcomes related to mental health problems and infant low birth weight. In a Midwestern correctional facility, 25 pregnant women were enrolled in a 4-week health and mental health education workshop comprised of seven sessions that taught women about self and infant care. Each 90-minute session included education and guided discussions using handouts that each participant could take with them...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Nazia Qureshi, Marjan Javanbakht, Martha Tadesse, Mark Malek, Garrett Cox
Incarcerated populations tend to be disproportionately affected by HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and men who have sex with men (MSM) are an especially high-risk subset of these populations. Despite the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's recommendations for universal HIV screening, a lack of resources and high inmate turnover make it difficult to implement such guidelines in jails. From September 2013 to May 2016, the Infection Control Unit of the Los Angeles County Jail used existing resources to implement a voluntary, risk-based HIV educational and screening program targeting MSM inmates during early incarceration...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Laura M Rosenboom, Rebecca J Shlafer, Jamie L Stang, Lisa J Harnack
Weight gain and obesity among female prisoners is of public health concern. This study analyzed the nutritional quality of commissary food and recipes cooked within eight women's prisons in the United States. Food items from commissary lists were categorized into the MyPlate food groups. Nutrition Data System for Research was used to analyze the nutritional content of recipes ( N = 175). Mean nutrient content, percent Daily Values, and food group servings were calculated. Recipes were generally high in sodium, saturated fat, added sugars, and calories but low in vitamin D...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Faith A Scanlon, Joy D Scheidell, Gary S Cuddeback, Darcy Samuelsohn, David A Wohl, Carl W Lejuez, William W Latimer, Maria R Khan
Low executive function (EF) and depression are each determinants of health. This study examined the synergy between deficits in EF (impaired cognitive flexibility; >75th percentile on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test perseverative error score) and depressive symptoms (modified Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) and preincarceration well-being among incarcerated African American men ( N = 189). In adjusted analyses, having impaired EF and depression was strongly associated with pre-incarceration food insecurity (odds ratio [ OR] = 3...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Olivia Kolodziejczak, Samuel Justin Sinclair
It is estimated that one third to one half of the 2.3 million individuals inside U.S. jails and prisons have a mental illness in contrast to 18.3% of the general population. The implications of this on training mental health professionals to provide efficacious treatment inside correctional facilities, as well as planning for the rehabilitation and reintegration of incarcerated individuals, are significant and numerous. This article will present a brief history and overview of mental health services in the U...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Sara Sanders, Meredith Stensland
The prison population is graying as more individuals are receiving longer sentences without opportunities for parole or release for health-related reasons. While research has expanded on end-of-life care in and out of prison settings, to date there has been little research conducted on how inmates experience dying behind bars. Through collecting data during observation of facilitated advance care planning sessions, this qualitative study revealed four main themes: (1) losing a piece of everything, (2) not sure what to feel, (3) where will I die, and (4) finding purpose in the midst of purposelessness...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Jonathan D Besney, Cybele Angel, Diane Pyne, Rebecca Martell, Louanne Keenan, Rabia Ahmed
Incarcerated women have a disproportionate burden of infectious and chronic disease, substance disorders, and mental illness. This study explored incarcerated women's health and whether a Women's Health Clinic improved care within this vulnerable population. Retrospective chart reviews and focus groups were conducted. Poor access to care in the community due to competing social needs was described. Barriers to care during incarceration included lack of comprehensive gender-specific services, mistrust of providers, and fragmentation...
July 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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