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Journal of Correctional Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#1
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#2
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303034/the-effects-of-restrictive-housing-on-the-psychological-functioning-of-inmates
#3
J Hunter Astor, Thomas J Fagan, David Shapiro
The use of restrictive housing as a correctional management tool has received much attention in recent years, especially as it impacts psychological functioning. While there is considerable literature advocating for the reduced use of restrictive housing, much of it is based on opinions, interview data, and testimonials. This article reviews only the empirical evidence regarding the effects of restrictive housing on psychological functioning in actual correctional settings. Results of this review indicate that only a limited number of empirical studies examine the effects of restrictive housing on mental functioning in correctional settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046129/preventing-suicide-in-forensic-settings-assessment-and-intervention-for-inmates-with-serious-mental-illness
#4
Georgia M Winters, Emily Greene-Colozzi, Elizabeth L Jeglic
Suicide is one of the leading causes of inmate deaths in correctional settings. Furthermore, there is heightened risk for suicide among individuals diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) who present in jails and prisons. In the present article, the authors review suicide risk factors associated with SMI, with emphasis on incarcerated individuals, and discuss the best practices in assessing risk for suicide. The authors review interventions designed to prevent suicide among individuals with SMI in forensic settings...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046128/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936906/editor-s-letter
#6
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884614/characteristics-of-inmates-who-misuse-prescription-medication
#7
Anthony C Tamburello, Archana Kathpal, Rusty Reeves
Substance use disorders are common among incarcerated individuals, and prescribed medications have been reported as abused, diverted, or otherwise misused in correctional settings. We conducted a retrospective chart review of electronic medical records and reports on institutional charges for misuse of authorized medication by inmates in the New Jersey Department of Corrections between 2003 and 2013. The most frequently cited medications for misuse were gabapentin, diphenhydramine, clonidine, and ibuprofen...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840779/continuum-of-care-for-inmates-taking-psychiatric-medications-while-incarcerated-in-minnesota-county-jails
#8
Brittney Rohrer, Timothy P Stratton
Mental illness is more prevalent among adult inmates in Minnesota county jails than nationally. All 78 Minnesota county jails were surveyed about their continuum-of-care procedures to help ensure that inmates who have mental illness continue to receive psychiatric medications after release. Of the 28 county jails responding to the survey (36%), most estimated that greater than 40% of their inmates receive medication for mental illness during incarceration. But while 89% of respondents reported that inmates are frequently taking medication(s) to treat mental illness at release, prerelease planning for these inmates was rarely undertaken...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823188/assessing-the-mental-health-substance-abuse-cognitive-functioning-and-social-emotional-well-being-needs-of-aboriginal-prisoners-in-australia
#9
James R P Ogloff, Jeffrey E Pfeifer, Stephane M Shepherd, Joseph Ciorciari
This study sought to identify the incidence of mental illness, substance misuse, and cognitive impairment among a representative cohort of 123 Aboriginal people in custody in Australia. In addition, the study measured levels of social and emotional well-being (SEWB) and considered the interrelationship of mental health issues, SEWB, and unmet needs. Both male and female Aboriginal prisoners were found to have high rates of mental health, substance abuse, and cognitive functioning needs that were heavily contextualized within perceptions of their own SEWB...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730862/correctional-officers-and-workplace-adversity-identifying-interpersonal-cognitive-and-behavioral-response-tendencies
#10
Justin S Trounson, Jeffrey E Pfeifer
This study explored correctional officers' response tendencies (i.e., cognitive, interpersonal, and behavioral response patterns they engage in) when managing workplace adversity. In total, 53 Australian correctional officers participated in the study. Eight exploratory focus group discussions ( n = 42) were conducted to identify a set of officer-endorsed response tendencies. Thematic analysis of group data revealed that correctional officers engage in a range of response tendencies when facing workplace adversity and that these tendencies may be categorized as interpersonally, cognitively, or behaviorally based...
October 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715987/editor-s-letter
#11
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715986/the-hiv-care-cascade-among-individuals-under-community-supervision-in-baltimore-maryland
#12
Nickolas Zaller, Michael Gordon, Lauri Bazerman, Irene Kuo, Curt Beckwith
An estimated one in seven HIV-infected individuals pass through U.S. correctional facilities each year. Transitioning from correctional to community settings may increase HIV treatment interruptions and increase the risk of continued HIV transmission in the community. This study assessed access to HIV providers in the community, antiretroviral treatment, and viral suppression to inform the development of interventions to improve HIV treatment outcomes among individuals involved in community corrections. The sample included 100 individuals under community supervision (probation or parole) in Baltimore, Maryland...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715984/cost-of-an-integrated-care-program-to-reduce-ed-visits-during-diabetic-prisoner-court-hearings
#14
Tim Pauley, Joy Matienzo, Joseph Ventura, Josie Barbita
Diabetic events occurring during court hearings previously required emergency medical services (EMS) transport to the emergency department (ED). A new process was implemented whereby the provincial court (PC) was notified by the detention center of diabetes status of prisoners scheduled for court later that day, enabling a community nursing services provider to provide on-site diabetes assessment and treatment at the PC. During the 13-month pre-implementation phase, there were 10 incidents of diabetic distress resulting in an ED visit at a total cost of $797...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#15
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715982/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715981/trajectory-of-weight-patterns-in-urban-youth-throughout-their-stay-in-a-juvenile-justice-system
#17
Lori Keough, Meghan Cobb, Tatum Sinclair, Dawn Beckman
Incarceration is associated with health risks including overweight and obesity. This study explored obesity rates and weight gain in incarcerated youth by tracking weight trajectory during continuous stays in juvenile justice facilities. Among 65 youth, mean weight gain was 17.8 pounds and significant, F(2, 12) = 25.44, p = .03. Youth gained an average of 15.6 pounds (standard deviation [ SD] = 3.6) during the initial incarceration period (mean = 71 days). From the assessment to treatment period (mean = 46 days), mean weight gain was 4...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656789/suicide-prevention-in-correctional-settings-current-standards-and-recommendations-for-research-prevention-and-training
#18
Robert J Cramer, Hayley J Wechsler, Sarah L Miller, Elise Yenne
Inmates remain a vulnerable group at elevated risk for suicide, especially in light of stresses associated with incarceration. Despite the elevated risk for inmates, suicide prevention practices in corrections remain tenuous at best. The present article reviews literature on risk and protective factors for suicide among inmates as well as current recommended best practices. It then provides directions for suicide prevention provision, training, and research in correctional settings. These include adaptations for security staff of current empirically supported models of suicide risk training and intervention...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421893/journal-of-correctional-health-care
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421892/editor-s-letter
#20
John R Miles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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