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Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185476/penetrating-chest-injuries-caused-by-swordfish-sword-used-as-a-weapon
#1
Assane Ndiaye, Magaye Gaye, Papa Salmane Ba, Souleymane Diatta, Momar Sokhna Diop, Mouhamadou Ndiaye
We report 5 cases of penetrating chest wounds caused by weapons made from swordfish swords, involving breakage of the sword that later appeared as a thoracic foreign body. The patients had been assaulted 2 days to 17 years earlier. Three of them had a chronic infected wound, one had a penetrating thoracic wound with hemopneumothorax, and one had a foreign body. Computed tomography showed a foreign body in the lung in 4 cases, with aortic penetration in one. The foreign body was removed via thoracotomy in all 4 patients, with aorta repair in one who presented later with a pseudoaneurysm...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185475/4d-flow-magnetic-resonance-imaging-role-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#2
Claire M Lawley, Kathryn M Broadhouse, Fraser M Callaghan, David S Winlaw, Gemma A Figtree, Stuart M Grieve
Imaging-based evaluation of cardiac structure and function remains paramount in the diagnosis and monitoring of congenital heart disease in childhood. Accurate measurements of intra- and extracardiac hemodynamics are required to inform decision making, allowing planned timing of interventions prior to deterioration of cardiac function. Four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging is a nonionizing noninvasive technology that allows accurate and reproducible delineation of blood flow at any anatomical location within the imaging volume of interest, and also permits derivation of physiological parameters such as kinetic energy and wall shear stress...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185474/ascending-aortic-aneurysm-and-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-case-of-marfan-syndrome
#3
Jignesh Kothari, Manish Hinduja, Kinnaresh Baria, Himani Pandya
Marfan syndrome commonly affects the skeletal, ocular, and cardiovascular systems. Involvement of the gastrointestinal system is known but uncommon. Intervention depends upon the system involved and the severity of symptoms. Special awareness is required for the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal involvement in these patients. We report a rare case of simultaneous surgical repair of an ascending aortic aneurysm and a type IV hiatal hernia in a 35-year-old man with Marfan syndrome.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132536/idiopathic-ascending-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-in-an-eleven-year-old-girl
#4
Richard Saldanha, Mohan Gan, Amrutraj Nerlikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132535/modified-total-cavopulmonary-shunt-as-a-staged-fontan-operation
#5
Hidetsugu Asai, Tsuyoshi Tachibana, Yasushige Shingu, Hiroki Kato, Satoru Wakasa, Yoshiro Matsui
The left superior vena cava became occluded in an infant with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. After a bidirectional Glenn procedure, he presented with severe oxygen desaturation and right ventricular dysfunction; the left superior vena cava drained into the inferior vena cava through collateral veins. As salvage therapy, we created a modified total cavopulmonary shunt using only autologous tissue in which the right hepatic vein and inferior vena cava drained into the pulmonary artery via a lateral tunnel in the right atrium...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132534/intraoperative-diagnosis-of-a-quadricuspid-aortic-valve
#6
Hassan Tatari, Maziar Gholampour Dehaki, Gholamreza Omrani, Hafez Ghaheri, Alwaleed Al-Dairy, Hojjat Mortezaeian
Quadricuspid aortic valve is a rare anomaly, and most patients require surgery for aortic regurgitation in the 5th or 6th decades of life; only a few cases of aortic valve repair in childhood have been reported. A 3-year-old boy was scheduled for ventricular septal defect closure and aortic valve repair. Quadricuspid aortic valve was an incidental finding at operation; it was repaired by joining the left anterior and right anterior cusps. At the 9-month follow-up, the patient had no more than mild aortic regurgitation...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132533/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-transcatheter-intervention-and-beyond
#7
Yap-Hang Chan, Angel Chan, Ki-Wan Kelvin Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114793/idiopathic-fibrosing-mediastinitis-mimicking-nodal-metastasis-from-breast-cancer
#8
Keigo Okamoto, Masutarou Ichinose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110550/existence-of-renal-dysfunction-in-diabetics-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass
#9
Guillermo Lema, Evelyn Borchert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084084/the-existence-of-renal-dysfunction-in-diabetics-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass
#10
Syed Saad Naeem, Taimur Asif Ali, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076963/long-term-consequences-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Hiroki Kohno, Hideki Ueda, Kaoru Matsuura, Yusaku Tamura, Michiko Watanabe, Goro Matsumiya
Background Atrial fibrillation is a common complication after cardiac surgery, but the risk factors and long-term outcome after primary isolated aortic valve replacement remains to be clarified. Methods A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 157 patients who underwent first-time isolated aortic valve replacement between April 1999 and February 2015. Fifty-eight patients developed new-onset atrial fibrillation within 6 months postoperatively, and they were compared with patients who remained in sinus rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076961/total-arch-replacement-through-a-median-sternotomy-for-kommerell-s-diverticulum
#12
Yoshihiro Goto, Yutaka Koyama, Soh Hosoba, Shinji Ogawa, Shunsuke Fukaya, Yasuhide Okawa
Kommerell's diverticulum with a right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery is a rare anomaly, and the optimal operative strategy has not yet been established. In particular, the approach to the diverticulum is controversial, with the greatest concern being whether or not to add a right thoracotomy to the median sternotomy for distal anastomosis. We successfully performed total arch replacement through a median sternotomy only, by referring to preoperative computed tomography. We think that if the aneurysm is in a shallow position from the tracheal bifurcation, total arch replacement is possible with a midline incision only...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068787/ventricular-endomyocardial-fibrosis-in-a-pregnant-female-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#13
Zahra Mirfeizi, Bahram Memar, Hoorak PourZand, Mohammad Hadi Molseghi, Arash Rezaei Shahmirzadi, Nafiseh Abdolahi
A 32-year-old pregnant woman, diagnosed with Behçet's disease 6 months earlier, presented with recent mild hemoptysis and exertional dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography showed an enlarged dysfunctional right ventricle. A large hypoechoic triangular-shaped mass was seen attached to the inner right ventricular wall, filling the cavity. No change in the size of the mass was noted after anticoagulant administration, and right heart failure progressed. Surgery was performed to remove the mass and repair the tricuspid valve...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325076/omentin-val109asp-polymorphism-and-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease
#14
Javad Jamshidi, Mehrdad Ghanbari, Ali Asnaashari, Nosaybeh Jafari, Gholam Abbas Valizadeh
Background Omentin is an adipocytokine with antiinflammatory properties. It has been reported to be involved in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. We aimed to investigate the association of omentin Val109Asp polymorphism with coronary artery disease in an Iranian population. Methods For a case-control study, 400 individuals were recruited: 200 with coronary artery disease and 200 healthy controls. Patients with coronary artery disease were diagnosed by angiography as having at least one main coronary artery with more than 50% stenosis...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325075/acquired-transdiaphragmatic-hernia-an-unusual-cause-of-cardiac-tamponade
#15
Virginie D'Orio, Pierre Demondion, Guillaume Lebreton, Guillaume Coutance, Sheida Varnous, Pascal Leprince
Transdiaphragmatic peritoneopericardial hernia is a rare complication after peritoneopericardial window formation, coronary artery bypass grafting using the gastroepiploic artery, or subxiphoid epicardial pacemaker insertion. We describe two different clinical presentations of transdiaphragmatic peritoneopericardial hernia in patients who had undergone recent heart transplantation. One was an exceptional case of cardiac tamponade caused by small bowel strangulation through a diaphragmatic defect.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325074/lobectomy-for-lung-cancer-by-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-situs-inversus
#16
Abdillah N Juma, Yan-Qing Wang, Yun Chen, Xiong Peng, Yuan Zhou, Wei Zhuang
A 62-year-old man with situs inversus totalis and non-small-cell lung cancer underwent a right lower lobectomy by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Lobectomy in a situs inversus totalis patient can be performed safely using this minimally invasive procedure. Preoperative evaluation of the pulmonary artery and veins by three-dimensional computed tomography and the bronchial tree by bronchoscopy, is essential to avoid unanticipated complications during the procedure.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325073/management-of-a-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-a-patient-with-aids
#17
Alberto Cabañero, Fernando Dronda, David Saldaña, José Manuel Hermida, Gemma Muñoz, Santiago Moreno
Despite the high frequency of gastrointestinal complications and opportunistic infections in HIV-1 infected patients, tracheoesophageal (TEF) and bronchoesophageal (BEF) fístulas are rare. Our objective is to comunicate an additional and unusual case of TEF in an HIV-1-infected patient whose immunologic status was good with complete suppression of viral replication, so although uncommon, TEF/BEF of an infectious origen should be considered in AIDS. Endoscopic treatment with tracheal/esophageal stents is not without morbidity and mortality...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325072/aortic-assessment-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-patients-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#18
Pablo Straneo, Gabriel Parma, Natalia Lluberas, Alvaro Marichal, Gerardo Soca, Leandro Cura, Juan J Paganini, Daniel Brusich, Lucia Florio, Victor Dayan
Background Bicuspid aortic valve patients have an increased risk of aortic dilatation. A deficit of nitric oxide synthase has been proposed as the causative factor. No correlation between flow-mediated dilation and aortic diameter has been performed in patients with bicuspid aortic valves and normal aortic diameters. Being a hereditary disease, we compared echocardiographic features and endothelial function in these patients and their first-degree relatives. Methods Comprehensive physical examinations, routine laboratory tests, transthoracic echocardiography, and measurements of endothelium-dependent and non-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation were performed in 18 bicuspid aortic valve patients (14 type 1 and 4 type 2) and 19 of their first-degree relatives...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325071/a-rare-case-of-anterior-mediastinal-mass-caused-by-brucella-infection
#19
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
A previously healthy man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass 10 years earlier and had been diagnosed with brucellosis due to Brucella septicemia after Brucella arthritis, presented with chest pain and high fever. Anti- Brucella antibiotics were started, but after 4 weeks, his high fever remained. An infected mass was confirmed by computed tomography, and surgical intervention was performed via a median sternotomy. A large amount of thick pus gushed from an abscess in the upper mediastinum. The abscess cavity had a thick granulation wall, and cultured pus was positive for Brucella only...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26307054/angina-in-left-main-coronary-artery-occlusion-by-pulmonary-artery-aneurysm
#20
Marialisa Nesta, Federico Cammertoni, Stefano Mangini, Christian Colizzi, Piergiorgio Bruno, Massimo Massetti
A 51-year-old woman with exercise angina and a history of pulmonary artery hypertension related to a previous pulmonary thromboembolism, was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography and coronary angiography showed a 95-mm aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery, which totally occluded the left main coronary artery. After a multidisciplinary evaluation, we recommended heart-lung transplantation, but the patient refused any kind of surgical procedure. Due to the chronic occlusion, stenting of the left main coronary artery was unfeasible...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
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