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Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673141/a-case-of-chondrosarcoma-originating-from-the-pulmonary-artery
#1
Kenji Sakakibara, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Kazunari Kasai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673140/minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-systematic-review
#2
Keita Kikuchi, Makoto Mori
To minimize surgical morbidity in coronary artery bypass grafting, minimally invasive cardiac surgery has gained popularity. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting offers unique advantages compared to conventional off-pump coronary artery bypass or minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass in that it enables the surgeon to harvest and graft bilateral internal thoracic arteries via a small thoracotomy while being conducted completely off-pump. This review focuses on current evidence behind off-pump coronary artery bypass, multi-arterial revascularization, patient populations that would most benefit from bilateral internal thoracic artery minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting, the surgical technique, and early outcomes...
June 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524741/a-surgical-case-of-mycotic-aneurysm-with-staphylococcus-lugdunensis-endocarditis
#3
Kosuke Mukaihara, Kazuhisa Matsumoto, Jun Kadono, Yutaka Imoto
A 74-year-old man with a history of mitral valve repair was referred to our hospital with fever and diagnosed with mitral valve endocarditis involving occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery. Bacterial cultures showed Staphylococcus lugdunensis. Despite antibiotic therapy, orthopnea ensued due to valve destruction. Emergency mitral valve replacement was performed. Computed tomography on postoperative day 10 revealed a rapidly expanding mycotic aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery. Aneurysmectomy was undertaken...
May 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513188/late-presentation-of-esophageal-rupture-following-blunt-thoracic-trauma
#4
Vinitha V Nair, Kunal Krishna Singh, Joseph Thomas Kathayanat, Ratish Radhakrishnan, Akash Babu, Jayakumar Thanathu Krishnan Nair
Esophageal rupture following blunt thoracic trauma is extremely rare. A 30-year-old man sustained a road traffic accident causing blunt thoracic trauma that resulted in lower esophageal rupture. He presented 24 h after the initial trauma and was managed with primary repair and aggressive lavage with a drainage procedure. Early identification and repair of esophageal rupture is vital for preventing mediastinitis, but an aggressive surgical and postoperative management strategy can prevent mortality even in late presentations...
May 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492336/development-of-indication-criteria-for-preoperative-examination-in-lung-cancer
#5
Masayuki Nakao, Yosuke Matsuura, Hirofumi Uehara, Mingyon Mun, Ken Nakagawa, Makoto Nishio, Yuichi Ishikawa, Sakae Okumura
Background Systemic examination for distant metastases is generally recommended for all lung cancer patients. However, this approach rarely detects distant metastases in typically resectable cT1-2N0 non-small-cell lung cancer. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with distant metastases and develop indication criteria for preoperative systemic examination in patients with cT1-2N0 non-small-cell lung cancer, with a particular focus on computed tomography imaging of primary lesions. Methods We retrospectively reviewed non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated at our institute between 2005 and 2013...
May 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325076/omentin-val109asp-polymorphism-and-risk-of-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Javad Jamshidi, Mehrdad Ghanbari, Ali Asnaashari, Nosaybeh Jafari, Gholam Abbas Valizadeh
Background Omentin is an adipocytokine with antiinflammatory properties. It has been reported to be involved in atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. We aimed to investigate the association of omentin Val109Asp polymorphism with coronary artery disease in an Iranian population. Methods For a case-control study, 400 individuals were recruited: 200 with coronary artery disease and 200 healthy controls. Patients with coronary artery disease were diagnosed by angiography as having at least one main coronary artery with more than 50% stenosis...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325075/acquired-transdiaphragmatic-hernia-an-unusual-cause-of-cardiac-tamponade
#7
Virginie D'Orio, Pierre Demondion, Guillaume Lebreton, Guillaume Coutance, Sheida Varnous, Pascal Leprince
Transdiaphragmatic peritoneopericardial hernia is a rare complication after peritoneopericardial window formation, coronary artery bypass grafting using the gastroepiploic artery, or subxiphoid epicardial pacemaker insertion. We describe two different clinical presentations of transdiaphragmatic peritoneopericardial hernia in patients who had undergone recent heart transplantation. One was an exceptional case of cardiac tamponade caused by small bowel strangulation through a diaphragmatic defect.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325074/lobectomy-for-lung-cancer-by-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-in-situs-inversus
#8
Abdillah N Juma, Yan-Qing Wang, Yun Chen, Xiong Peng, Yuan Zhou, Wei Zhuang
A 62-year-old man with situs inversus totalis and non-small-cell lung cancer underwent a right lower lobectomy by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Lobectomy in a situs inversus totalis patient can be performed safely using this minimally invasive procedure. Preoperative evaluation of the pulmonary artery and veins by three-dimensional computed tomography and the bronchial tree by bronchoscopy, is essential to avoid unanticipated complications during the procedure.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325073/management-of-a-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-a-patient-with-aids
#9
Alberto Cabañero, Fernando Dronda, David Saldaña, José Manuel Hermida, Gemma Muñoz, Santiago Moreno
Despite the high frequency of gastrointestinal complications and opportunistic infections in HIV-1 infected patients, tracheoesophageal (TEF) and bronchoesophageal (BEF) fístulas are rare. Our objective is to comunicate an additional and unusual case of TEF in an HIV-1-infected patient whose immunologic status was good with complete suppression of viral replication, so although uncommon, TEF/BEF of an infectious origen should be considered in AIDS. Endoscopic treatment with tracheal/esophageal stents is not without morbidity and mortality...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325072/aortic-assessment-of-bicuspid-aortic-valve-patients-and-their-first-degree-relatives
#10
Pablo Straneo, Gabriel Parma, Natalia Lluberas, Alvaro Marichal, Gerardo Soca, Leandro Cura, Juan J Paganini, Daniel Brusich, Lucia Florio, Victor Dayan
Background Bicuspid aortic valve patients have an increased risk of aortic dilatation. A deficit of nitric oxide synthase has been proposed as the causative factor. No correlation between flow-mediated dilation and aortic diameter has been performed in patients with bicuspid aortic valves and normal aortic diameters. Being a hereditary disease, we compared echocardiographic features and endothelial function in these patients and their first-degree relatives. Methods Comprehensive physical examinations, routine laboratory tests, transthoracic echocardiography, and measurements of endothelium-dependent and non-dependent flow-mediated vasodilatation were performed in 18 bicuspid aortic valve patients (14 type 1 and 4 type 2) and 19 of their first-degree relatives...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325071/a-rare-case-of-anterior-mediastinal-mass-caused-by-brucella-infection
#11
Feridoun Sabzi, Reza Faraji
A previously healthy man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass 10 years earlier and had been diagnosed with brucellosis due to Brucella septicemia after Brucella arthritis, presented with chest pain and high fever. Anti- Brucella antibiotics were started, but after 4 weeks, his high fever remained. An infected mass was confirmed by computed tomography, and surgical intervention was performed via a median sternotomy. A large amount of thick pus gushed from an abscess in the upper mediastinum. The abscess cavity had a thick granulation wall, and cultured pus was positive for Brucella only...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076963/long-term-consequences-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-aortic-valve-replacement
#12
Hiroki Kohno, Hideki Ueda, Kaoru Matsuura, Yusaku Tamura, Michiko Watanabe, Goro Matsumiya
Background Atrial fibrillation is a common complication after cardiac surgery, but the risk factors and long-term outcome after primary isolated aortic valve replacement remains to be clarified. Methods A single-center retrospective study was conducted on 157 patients who underwent first-time isolated aortic valve replacement between April 1999 and February 2015. Fifty-eight patients developed new-onset atrial fibrillation within 6 months postoperatively, and they were compared with patients who remained in sinus rhythm...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26542782/cardiac-perforation-caused-by-cement-after-percutaneous-balloon-kyphoplasty
#13
Kazunori Ishikawa, Hiroki Hayashi, Hideaki Mori
Percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty is a relatively simple, convenient, and minimally invasive procedure in which polymethylmethacrylate bone cement is used to manage back pain and spinal instability associated with osteoporotic compression fractures and other osteolytic spinal lesions. However, cement leakage into the venous system is a serious complication following percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty. A 74-year-old woman presented with cardiac perforation and pulmonary embolism caused by cement leakage into her venous system...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26542780/pediatric-heart-transplant-for-unresectable-primary-cardiac-tumor
#14
Anjith Prakash Rajakumar, Sheriff Ejaz Ahmed, Roy Varghese, Sivakumar Kothandam, Udaya Charan Murmu, Rajan Sethuratnam
Surgery for primary cardiac tumors in children includes complete resection, partial resection, and cardiac transplantation. A pediatric heart transplant in this setting is associated with significantly higher mortality and poorer long-term outcome, and it is reserved for unresectable tumors. We recently performed an emergency pediatric heart transplant in a 7-year-old boy with an unresectable cardiac fibroma in the left ventricle.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430130/surgical-removal-of-failed-ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-device
#15
Jaydip Ramani, Amber Malhotra, Vivek Wadhawa, Kartik Patel, Pranav Sharma, Pankaj Garg
A Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm can cause aortic insufficiency, coronary artery flow compromise, cardiac arrhythmia, or aneurysm rupture. There are different management plans available, ranging from open surgery to percutaneous device closure, but sometimes, device closure may be life-threatening. We report a case of ruptured Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in a 42-year-old woman, which was managed by percutaneous device closure that failed and required surgical removal of the device.
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26307054/angina-in-left-main-coronary-artery-occlusion-by-pulmonary-artery-aneurysm
#16
Marialisa Nesta, Federico Cammertoni, Stefano Mangini, Christian Colizzi, Piergiorgio Bruno, Massimo Massetti
A 51-year-old woman with exercise angina and a history of pulmonary artery hypertension related to a previous pulmonary thromboembolism, was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography and coronary angiography showed a 95-mm aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery, which totally occluded the left main coronary artery. After a multidisciplinary evaluation, we recommended heart-lung transplantation, but the patient refused any kind of surgical procedure. Due to the chronic occlusion, stenting of the left main coronary artery was unfeasible...
March 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183215/costal-chondrosarcoma-requiring-differential-diagnosis-from-metastatic-tumor
#17
Katsunari Matsuoka, Mitsuhiro Ueda, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
Although chondrosarcoma is a common malignant bone tumor, cases arising in the rib are relatively rare. We experienced a case of chondrosarcoma arising in the right 10th rib during follow-up after lung cancer surgery. Although the finding of an osteolytic mass suggested a metastatic bone tumor, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography demonstrated low fluorodeoxyglucose uptake, and a primary bone tumor was suspected. The bone tumor was resected and diagnosed as chondrosarcoma. Four years after resection, there has been no recurrence or metastasis...
February 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183214/appearance-of-a-thymic-mass-after-treatment-of-cushing-s-syndrome
#18
Alessandro P Delitala, Laura Olita, Carla Piras, Rossella Cosseddu, Giorgio Bagella, Giuseppe Fanciulli
A 23-year-old woman was referred to our center with hirsutism, acne, weight gain, weakness, and irregular menses. Laboratory tests revealed increased levels of cortisol and sex hormones, and reduced adrenocorticotropic hormone levels. The patient underwent a right adrenalectomy. Pathology of the resected right adrenal gland showed an adrenal carcinoma. Computed tomography 8 months after the surgery revealed a thymic mass that was not detected preoperatively. The frequency of rebound thymic hyperplasia after normalization of hypercortisolism is not known, but possibly as high as 40%...
February 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114794/change-of-coagulation-after-novoseven%C3%A2-use-for-bleeding-during-cardiac-surgery
#19
Emi Tomita, Hajime Takase, Keiichi Tajima, Yoshihiro Suematsu
Objectives Recombinant activated factor VII has been used for the treatment of hemophilia, factor VII deficiency, and Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. Off-label uses have recently been increasing, and there are reports that recombinant activated factor VII is effective for the treatment of excessive bleeding during or after cardiovascular surgery. We retrospectively reviewed the effectiveness of recombinant activated factor VII and its influence on the coagulation system as a treatment for uncontrollable bleeding during cardiovascular surgery...
February 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084085/bridge-to-transplant-or-recovery-in-cardiogenic-shock-in-a-developing-country
#20
Mauricio A Villavicencio, Ernesto Larraín, Ricardo Larrea, Juan Pablo Peralta, Jong S Lim, Pamela Rojo, Erika Donoso, Francesca Gajardo, Margarita Hurtado, Víctor Rossel
Background Durable mechanical support devices are prohibitively expensive in our health system and may be unsuitable for critically ill patients. CentriMag is an alternative bridge to transplantation or recovery. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients (23 males) aged 13-60 years who received CentriMag support. The etiology was ischemic in 13 (46%), dilated cardiomyopathy in 8 (29%), and others in 7 (25%). All patients were in Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support class I, and 27 (96%) had multiorgan failure; 2 (7%) were post-cardiotomy and 12 (43%) had a previous cardiac arrest (mean arrest time 21 ± 17 min)...
February 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
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