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Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals

Masatsugu Hamaji, Takashi Sozu, Ryunosuke Machida, Mitsugu Omasa, Toshi Menju, Akihiro Aoyama, Toshihiko Sato, Toyofumi-Fengshi Chen-Yoshikawa, Makoto Sonobe, Hiroshi Date
Background Patients undergoing complete resection of thymoma occasionally develop a recurrence of thymoma; they are also at risk of developing a second malignancy. The objective of our study was to compare the incidence and mortality of a second malignancy versus a recurrence of thymoma during the postoperative follow-up period after complete resection of thymoma. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed on our prospectively maintained database to identify patients undergoing complete resection of thymoma at our institution between 1991 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Ayaka Asakawa, Hironori Ishibashi, Masashi Kobayashi, Tsuyoshi Hachimaru, Hirokuni Arai, Kenichi Okubo
A 44-year-old man presented with an abnormal chest shadow. Computed tomography-guided biopsy showed a chondral tumor of the thoracic vertebrae. Five years later, he developed a walking disorder, left leg numbness, and a vesicorectal disorder. Emergency orthopedic spinal decompression was performed. Eight months later, the residual tumor had become larger and was adjacent to the aorta. Prior to thoracotomy, an intraaortic stent was inserted. The 4th and 5th ribs were invaded by the tumor. The entire tumor and chest wall were excised with the aortic adventitia...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Luis Gorospe, Raquel Jover-Díaz, Gemma María Muñoz-Molina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Ming-Ho Wu, Han-Yun Wu
Objective This study was designed to compare the effectiveness and convenience of a drainage bag and a chest bottle following thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods We conducted a test to ensure that the drainage bag was characterized by easy drainage and an antireflux effect. Thereafter, the drainage bag was used in all thoracic operations in our service. To understand the usefulness of the drainage bag, a retrospective cohort study enrolled 30 patients who had a drainage bag after thoracoscopic lobectomy and compared them with 30 similar patients operated on previously who had chest bottles...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Muhammet Sayan, Huseyin Arpag, Mahmut Tokur, Abdulkadir Yasir Bahar
Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection that can infect different regions of the body. This entity may present in rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, and disseminated forms. Although pulmonary mucormycosis is usually seen as an invasive parenchymal consolidation or cavitation, it may rarely present as an endobronchial mass. We describe a case of endobronchial mucormycosis in which the fungal mass was completely removed via rigid bronchoscopy before medical therapy.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Murat Oncel, Huseyin Yildiran, Guven Sadi Sunam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Pribadi Wiranda Busro, Harvey Romolo, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Jusuf Rachmat, Mohammad Sadikin, Anwar Santoso, Cindy Elfira Boom, Suhendro Suwarto, Ahmad Aulia Jusuf
Introduction Myocardial protection is vital to ensure successful open heart surgery. Cardioplegic solution is one method to achieve good myocardial protection. Inevitably, ischemia-reperfusion injury occurs with aortic crossclamping. Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution is a frequently used cardioplegia for complex congenital heart surgery. We postulated that addition of terminal warm blood cardioplegia before removal of the aortic crossclamp might improve myocardial protection. Method A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 109 cyanotic patients aged, 1 to 5 years who underwent complex biventricular repair...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Elliot Heward, Syed F Hashmi, Ignacio Malagon, Rajesh Shah, Julian Barker, Kandadai S Rammohan
Background Recent evidence surrounding the use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in treating acute respiratory failure has led to the expansion of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation services worldwide. The high rate of complications related to venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation often requires intervention by specialist thoracic surgeons. This study aimed to investigate the role of specialist thoracic surgeons within the multidisciplinary team managing these high-risk patients. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 90 patients who received venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our tertiary referral center between December 2011 and May 2015...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Dwight D Harris, Sibu P Saha
Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is used for many different conditions including respiratory distress, cardiogenic shock, and trauma. In these patient groups, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been extensively studied. Recently, it has been used as a rescue measure in patients experiencing acute respiratory distress after thoracic surgery. The goal of our study was to examine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a rescue measure after thoracic surgery at a single center...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Maryam Nabati, Maryam Favaedi, Masoud Kheirgoo, Jamshid Yazdani, Mozhdeh Dabirian
Background Epicardial fat is a true visceral fat deposit with adverse effects through the secretion of numerous proinflammatory and proatherogenic cytokines. Previous studies showed an association between aortic valve sclerosis and coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between epicardial fat thickness and aortic valve sclerosis. Method The study involved 225 patients who were admitted for coronary angiography due to new-onset angina. They underwent transthoracic echocardiography and epicardial fat thickness was determined...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Stefano Bongiolatti, Daniela Massi, Vincenza Maio, Alessandro Gonfiotti, Domenico Viggiano, Luca Voltolini
We report a case of intravenous lobular capillary hemangioma in the subclavian vein, causing venous thoracic outlet syndrome. A 32-year-old woman was referred to our unit with facial and left arm oedema. Ultrasound evaluation, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a hypervascular mass in the middle portion of the subclavian vein, with arrest of venous flow. Through an infraclavicular approach, we excised the venous axis with the endovascular palpable tumour that extended from the axillary-subclavian junction to the jugular-subclavian junction, without reconstruction...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Markus Mach, Manuel Wilbring, Bernhard Winkler, Konstantin Alexiou, Utz Kappert, Georg Delle-Karth, Martin Grabenwöger, Klaus Matschke
Background The ideal approach for transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation is still widely debated. The objective of this study was to compare access and bleeding complications of complete percutaneous versus the surgical cut-down approach for transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Methods The study included 667 consecutive patients from November 2008 to December 2016, 466 in the percutaneous group and 201 in the cut-down group. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the 2 groups...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Koki Eto, Yasuhiro Kotani, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Daichi Edaki, Shingo Kasahara, Zenichi Masuda
A 75-year-old woman presented with severe tricuspid regurgitation requiring surgical repair. She had extremely rare anomalies in systemic venous return in spite of situs solitus: persistent left superior vena cava with absent right superior vena cava, infrahepatic inferior vena cava interruption, and hemiazygos continuation to a persistent left superior vena cava. These unusual systemic venous anomalies had significantly enlarged the coronary sinus, and the stretched coronary sinus orifice changed the geometry of the tricuspid annulus and triggered tricuspid regurgitation...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Nuthan Kumar, Narendra Chaudhary, Anne Jennifer Prabhu, Leena Robinson Vimala, Deepthi Boddu, Leni Grace Mathew
Thymic carcinoma with central nervous system involvement is very rare in children. A 27-month-old girl presented with a unilateral squint, vomiting, and behavioral changes. Imaging studies showed a silent anterior mediastinal mass and a large metastatic mass at the base of the skull. Biopsy of the anterior mediastinal mass confirmed an undifferentiated tumor consistent with thymic carcinoma. The child died within 3 months of the onset of symptoms, due to progression of the disease. These lethal tumors of unknown histogeneses and etiology are aggressive in nature, resistant to therapy, and have a rapidly fatal course...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Nabil Hussein, Yama Haqzad, Joshil Lodhia, Sofina Begum, Michael Cowen
A 58-year-old women developed unilateral facial flushing and sweating on the left side of her face immediately after a right thoracotomy upper lobectomy and paravertebral block. She was diagnosed with Harlequin syndrome in the absence of any other neurological signs or symptoms. She had recovered completely from this episode on follow-up.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Giang Truong Nguyen, Trung Ngoc Nguyen, Nam Van Nguyen, Kien Trung Nguyen, Anh Viet Le
Background Thymoma is a primary tumor derived from the epithelial cells of the thymus, which is commonly seen in the mediastinum. Surgical thymectomy is the radical treatment for thymoma. The recent introduction of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has improved the quality of thymectomy surgery. The clinical characteristics of thymoma and the outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in Vietnamese patients are still lacking. The objectives of this study were to investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of thymoma and to evaluate the early results of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for thymoma in Vietnamese patients...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Tanveer Ahmad, Kulasekaran Marimuthu, Kottoorathu Mammen Cherian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Sameh I Sersar, Lamees A Maghrabi
Background Aerodigestive fistulae can be defined as abnormal communications between the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. Choking after meals, coughing, feeding difficulties, tachycardia, and persistent pneumonia are the main presentations. The aim of our study was to review our experience in the management of 27 cases of acquired aerodigestive fistulae of different types, levels, and management. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study on 27 cases of fistulae between the respiratory and digestive tracts, which were managed in 2 hospitals in Saudi Arabia in the last 5 years...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Gildardo Cortés-Julián, Luis C Valencia, Silviano Ríos-Pascual, Marco A de la Rosa-Abarroa, Enrique Guzmán-de Alba
Background Infectious lung cavities are a common entity for the respiratory physician. Sometimes these lesions require surgical treatment, but surgery is challenging, and complications are common. Methods Patients with infectious lung cavities amenable to surgical treatment were included in a case-control study. The control group included patients with no complications. The cases group comprised patients with any of the following complications up to 90 days after surgery: death, persistence of hemoptysis, empyema, operative blood loss > 500 mL, vascular lesion requiring repair, massive transfusion (>5 units of packed red blood cells per 48 h) or reoperation for bleeding, postoperative mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay > 48 h, prolonged air leak, and persistent atelectasis...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Estefanía Boyer-Duck, Walid Leonardo Dajer-Fadel, Luis Ángel Hernández-Arenas, Marco Polo Macías-Morales, Adriana Rodríguez-Gómez, Catalina Romo-Aguirre
A solitary fibrous tumor originates in the pleura with variable degrees of invasion. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, known as Pierre-Marie-Bamberger syndrome, is characterized by clubbing of the fingers due to bone surface and soft tissue calcification, historically known as a bronchogenic carcinoma paraneoplastic syndrome; however, a few cases have been associated with solitary fibrous tumors. We describe the case of a 38-year-old woman who presented with clubbing of the fingers. Studies revealed an intrathoracic fibrous tumor that was successfully treated with improvement in symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
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