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European Addiction Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30153659/neurocognitive-functioning-in-alcohol-use-disorder-cognitive-test-results-do-not-tell-the-whole-story
#1
Steffen Moritz, Schaimaa Irshaid, Thies Lüdtke, Ingo Schäfer, Marit Hauschildt, Michael Lipp
OBJECTIVES: It is textbook knowledge that individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) show large neurocognitive deficits. However, these patients display a number of additional impairments (e.g., lack of drive and motivation) that may contribute to poor test results. The impact of these secondary mediators has not been explored systematically. Based on prior findings that low performance motivation, a negative attitude toward cognitive assessment, and momentary symptoms compromise neuropsychological test results in depression, schizophrenia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, we examined the possibility that impaired test results in AUD partially represent an epiphenomenon...
August 28, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134238/a-survey-on-the-medical-use-of-cannabis-in-europe-a-position-paper
#2
Jørgen G Bramness, Geert Dom, Antoni Gual, Karl Mann, Friedrich Martin Wurst
AIM: This study was aimed at investigating the availability and prescription of different medicinal variants of cannabis and their status in European countries. METHODS: A -web-based survey was sent to all member societies of the -European Federation of Addiction Societies (EUFAS) in 2 waves during the summer of 2017. All 34 member societies in 19 different European countries were invited to participate. RESULTS: We received 28 responses from 17 European countries...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134233/increased-risk-taking-behaviour-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-correlates-to-decreased-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level-in-heroin-users
#3
Darko Roviš, Maša Černelič Bizjak, Vanja Vasiljev Marchesi, Ana Petelin, Tina Jenuš, Suzana Vidic, Gorazd Drevenšek, Zala Jenko Pražnikar
BACKGROUND: This study has examined the relationships and interactions between serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and self-reported risk-taking behaviour in individuals with a history of heroin use undergoing outpatient treatment in comparison to healthy individuals. METHODS: We enrolled 167 heroin users and 86 healthy subjects and examined serum BDNF levels, Val66Met polymorphism, and personal characteristics using Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, Risk-taking (RT) propensity questionnaire, and Personality Assessment Inventory...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30134229/a-matter-of-rules-a-longitudinal-study-of-parents-influence-on-young-people-s-drinking-trajectories
#4
Jeanette Østergaard, Margaretha Järvinen, Asger Graa Andreasen
Based on longitudinal survey data (2005, 2008, 2015), this paper investigates binge drinking among young people in Denmark. We analyse the relationship between parental alcohol rules in 2005 and the development of their children's heavy episodic drinking from age 15 to 25/26 using a multilevel approach to repeated measures. Two hypotheses are tested. The first is that young people from families with "strict" alcohol rules have a lower level of binge drinking than young people from families with lenient rules...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099441/daclatasvir-plasma-levels-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-taking-methadone-a-prospective-analysis
#5
Lucio Boglione, Amedeo De Nicolò, Simone Mornese Pinna, Jessica Cusato, Giuseppe Cariti, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
Backround: The effect of methadone (MET) during therapy with novel direct-acting antiviral agents is still not fully understood. Currently, no data are available about the influence of MET on daclatasvir (DCV) plasma levels in patients affected by chronic hepatitis C (CHC). The aim of this study was to assess the DCV plasma concentrations in patients treated with sofosbuvir (SOF) plus DCV, with or without ribavirin (RBV) and with or without MET. METHODS: In this analysis, 47 patients were included, treated consecutively with SOF + DCV ± RBV for 24 weeks, from May to October 2015; 22 (46...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016806/long-term-opioid-agonist-treatment-participation-after-first-treatment-entry-is-similar-across-4-european-regions-but-lower-in-non-nationals
#6
Carlos Nordt, Lucas Wiessing, Wil Kuijpers, Jeroen Wisselink, Albert Espelt, M Teresa Brugal, Viktor Mravčik, Blanka Nechanská, Erich Seifritz, Marcus Herdener
Heroin users in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) show markedly reduced heroin consumption, less crime and a lower mortality rate. However, the extent of long-term OAT participation over subsequent treatment episodes remains unclear. We analysed the annual proportion of patients in treatment (at least 1 day) since the start of first OAT in 4 European regions: Barcelona (BA) 1996-2012: 8,602 patients; Czech -Republic (CZ) 2000-2014: 4,377 patients; Netherlands (NL) 1994-2014: 33,235 patients, Zurich (ZU) 1992-2015: 11,795...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016803/gender-differences-in-anxiety-and-depression-before-and-after-alcohol-detoxification-anxiety-and-depression-as-gender-related-predictors-of-relapse
#7
Francesco Oliva, Gabriele Nibbio, Paola Vizzuso, Alessandro Jaretti Sodano, Luca Ostacoli, Sara Carletto, Rocco Luigi Picci
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this prospective study was to estimate gender differences in anxiety, depression, and alcohol use severity among patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) before and after detoxification program and within 12 months after discharge. METHODS: AUD severity, state and trait anxiety, and depression were assessed in 187 patients entering an inpatient alcohol detoxification program. Follow-up assessments were performed at 6 and 12 months after discharge...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016796/the-clinical-efficacy-of-mindfulness-based-treatments-for-alcohol-and-drugs-use-disorders-a-meta-analytic-review-of-randomized-and-nonrandomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Marco Cavicchioli, Mariagrazia Movalli, Cesare Maffei
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to evaluate if and to what extent mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) could promote an incremental effectiveness compared to interventions usually provided in clinical practice to treat Alcohol and Drugs Use Disorders. In line with this aim, we accomplished a meta-analytic review of randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials, considering primary and secondary outcomes that comprehensively operationalize treatment efficacy. METHODS: We conducted the online research up to August 31st 2017...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969784/executive-impairments-in-binge-drinking-evidence-for-a-specific-performance-monitoring-difficulty-during-alcohol-related-processing
#9
Severine Lannoy, Pierre Maurage, Fabien D'Hondt, Joel Billieux, Valerie Dormal
This study evaluated inhibition and performance-monitoring abilities through the explicit processing of alcohol cues. Twenty-two binge drinkers (BD) and 22 control participants performed a speeded Go/No-Go task using pictures of alcohol and soft cans as Go and No-Go targets. This task measures inhibitory control and performance monitoring (i.e., task adjustment through errors and feedback processing) during the explicit processing of alcohol cues. Groups did not significantly differ regarding inhibition abilities...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969761/early-screening-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-inpatient-detoxification-and-motivation-treatment-results-and-consequences
#10
Margit G Proescholdt, Sandra E Müller, Marc Vogel, Undine Lang, Gerhard A Wiesbeck, Wilhelm Breit, Andreas Linde, Marc Walter, Michael Odenwald
AIMS: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant comorbidity in substance use disorders (SUDs). While most studies have addressed trauma/PTSD in abstinent patients, little is known about trauma/PTSD in early detoxification treatment. The current study therefore addresses the systematic evaluation of trauma/PTSD in early inpatient detoxification. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was accomplished in three German-speaking clinics (n = 134) specialized in inpatient detoxification and motivation treatment...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949807/quantitative-criteria-to-screen-for-cannabis-use-disorder
#11
Cristina Casajuana, Hugo López-Pelayo, Laia Miquel, María Mercedes Balcells-Oliveró, Joan Colom, Antoni Gual
INTRODUCTION: The Standard Joint Unit (1 SJU = 7 mg of 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) simplifies the exploration of risky patterns of cannabis use. This study proposes a preliminary quantitative cutoff criterion to screen for cannabis use disorder (CUD). METHODOLOGY: Socio-demographical data and information on cannabis quantities, frequency of use, and risk for CUD (measured with the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) of cannabis users recruited in Barcelona (from February 2015 to June 2016) were collected...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913452/the-european-innovation-express-wim-van-den-brink-retires-as-editor-in-chief-of-european-addiction-research-and-will-be-succeeded-by-anna-e-goudriaan
#12
EDITORIAL
Falk Kiefer, Michael Krausz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902803/the-association-between-the-level-of-plasma-oxytocin-and-craving-among-former-heroin-users
#13
Shih-Hsien Lin, Po See Chen, Lan-Ting Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Hsin Chun Tsai, Wei Tseng Chen, Kao Chin Chen, I Hui Lee, Ru-Band Lu, Yen Kuang Yang
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have demonstrated that oxytocin can influence addiction behaviors and might interact with the dopaminergic system, which is a key component of addiction behaviors. However, related evidence from clinical studies is scarce. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between plasma oxytocin level and heroin craving among patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment, and to ascertain whether this relationship is moderated by novelty-seeking. METHODS: The study was conducted in a methadone maintenance therapy clinic of a medical center in Taiwan...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902799/is-cannabis-use-treatment-also-indicated-for-patients-with-low-to-moderate-polysubstance-use
#14
Maria Neumann, Gerhard Bühringer, Michael Höfler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Eva Hoch
BACKGROUND: Polysubstance use (PSU) is common among patients with cannabis use (CU) and is related to more severe CU problems. However, it is unclear how PSU predicts CU treatment outcomes beyond CU patterns. We examined the frequency, amount, and class of additionally used substances as predictors for primary and secondary outcomes. METHODS: We conducted crude and adjusted regression analyses for PSU variables as predictors of remission, abstinence, -reduction, and secondary outcomes in 166 help-seeking -patients from a randomized clinical trial of CANDIS, a -cognitive behavioral treatment program...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902793/aspects-of-methamphetamine-abuse-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-a-thuringian-county
#15
Stefan Dhein, Katrin Schmelmer, Julika Guenther, Aida Salameh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Drug abuse is an increasing problem among young adults in European countries. We wanted to assess the prevalence of methamphetamine and cannabis use in young people and to ask for their socioeconomic, parental and emotional background. METHODS: All pupils (n = 1,087) in the final class of 3 school types (-general school [in Germany: Hauptschule/Regelschule mit Hauptschulabschluss] class 9, regular school [in Germany: Regelschule] class 10, high school [in Germany: Gymnasium] class 10) and the first 2 classes of the vocational school (in Germany: Berufsschule) in the entire rural district of Altenburger Land, a Thuringian county in Germany with a total of 92,344 inhabitants were asked to fill out a 2-page questionnaire...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902790/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-by-ernesto-de-bernadis
#16
Flavio Moroni, Guido Mannaioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902789/comment-on-methadone-dose-adjustments-plasma-r-methadone-levels-and-therapeutic-outcome-of-heroin-users-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Ernesto de Bernardis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902784/predictors-of-utilization-of-an-addiction-specific-behavioural-couple-therapy-in-alcohol-dependence
#18
Olivia Schünemann, Johannes Lindenmeyer, Nina Heinrichs
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine predictors that lead to the utilization of Behavioural Couple Therapy (BCT) for patients with alcohol dependence (AD) in a -European health care system and to identify groups that have a low probability of utilizing BCT. METHODS: Using routinely collected data from a German rehabilitation clinic, a sample of 1,843 inpatients with AD living in a couple relationship was examined. Each patient could freely choose to participate in an addiction-specific BCT as a voluntary additional intervention during an inpatient treatment program...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627831/decreases-of-life-expectancy-despite-decreases-in-non-communicable-disease-mortality-the-role-of-substance-use-and-socioeconomic-status
#19
Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
With the epidemiological transition, causes of death shifted from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and life expectancy increased, as these NCD deaths occurred later in life. However, in the United States, over the past years, life expectancy has been stagnating or decreasing despite decreasing NCD mortality rates. Analyses of the most important underlying causes of death with increasing premature mortality reveal that psychoactive substance use played a crucial role for these increases. Furthermore, it can be shown, that a high proportion of the increased premature mortality and decreased life expectancies happened in lower socio-economic strata...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627821/global-scientific-production-on-illicit-drug-addiction-a-two-decade-analysis
#20
Malahat Khalili, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Behrang Shadloo, Ramin Mojtabai, Karl Mann, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili
AIMS: Addiction science has made great progress in the past decades. We conducted a scientometric study in order to quantify the number of publications and the growth rate globally, regionally, and at country levels. METHODS: In October 2015, we searched the Scopus database using the general keywords of addiction or drug-use disorders combined with specific terms regarding 4 groups of illicit drugs - cannabis, opioids, cocaine, and other stimulants or hallucinogens...
2018: European Addiction Research
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