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European Addiction Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016806/long-term-opioid-agonist-treatment-participation-after-first-treatment-entry-is-similar-across-4-european-regions-but-lower-in-non-nationals
#1
Carlos Nordt, Lucas Wiessing, Wil Kuijpers, Jeroen Wisselink, Albert Espelt, M Teresa Brugal, Viktor Mravčik, Blanka Nechanská, Erich Seifritz, Marcus Herdener
Heroin users in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) show markedly reduced heroin consumption, less crime and a lower mortality rate. However, the extent of long-term OAT participation over subsequent treatment episodes remains unclear. We analysed the annual proportion of patients in treatment (at least 1 day) since the start of first OAT in 4 European regions: Barcelona (BA) 1996-2012: 8,602 patients; Czech -Republic (CZ) 2000-2014: 4,377 patients; Netherlands (NL) 1994-2014: 33,235 patients, Zurich (ZU) 1992-2015: 11,795...
July 17, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016803/gender-differences-in-anxiety-and-depression-before-and-after-alcohol-detoxification-anxiety-and-depression-as-gender-related-predictors-of-relapse
#2
Francesco Oliva, Gabriele Nibbio, Paola Vizzuso, Alessandro Jaretti Sodano, Luca Ostacoli, Sara Carletto, Rocco Luigi Picci
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this prospective study was to estimate gender differences in anxiety, depression, and alcohol use severity among patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) before and after detoxification program and within 12 months after discharge. METHODS: AUD severity, state and trait anxiety, and depression were assessed in 187 patients entering an inpatient alcohol detoxification program. Follow-up assessments were performed at 6 and 12 months after discharge...
July 17, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016796/the-clinical-efficacy-of-mindfulness-based-treatments-for-alcohol-and-drugs-use-disorders-a-meta-analytic-review-of-randomized-and-nonrandomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Marco Cavicchioli, Mariagrazia Movalli, Cesare Maffei
INTRODUCTION: The current study aims to evaluate if and to what extent mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) could promote an incremental effectiveness compared to interventions usually provided in clinical practice to treat Alcohol and Drugs Use Disorders. In line with this aim, we accomplished a meta-analytic review of randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials, considering primary and secondary outcomes that comprehensively operationalize treatment efficacy. METHODS: We conducted the online research up to August 31st 2017...
July 17, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969784/executive-impairments-in-binge-drinking-evidence-for-a-specific-performance-monitoring-difficulty-during-alcohol-related-processing
#4
Severine Lannoy, Pierre Maurage, Fabien D'Hondt, Joel Billieux, Valerie Dormal
This study evaluated inhibition and performance-monitoring abilities through the explicit processing of alcohol cues. Twenty-two binge drinkers (BD) and 22 control participants performed a speeded Go/No-Go task using pictures of alcohol and soft cans as Go and No-Go targets. This task measures inhibitory control and performance monitoring (i.e., task adjustment through errors and feedback processing) during the explicit processing of alcohol cues. Groups did not significantly differ regarding inhibition abilities...
July 3, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29969761/early-screening-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-inpatient-detoxification-and-motivation-treatment-results-and-consequences
#5
Margit G Proescholdt, Sandra E Müller, Marc Vogel, Undine Lang, Gerhard A Wiesbeck, Wilhelm Breit, Andreas Linde, Marc Walter, Michael Odenwald
AIMS: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant comorbidity in substance use disorders (SUDs). While most studies have addressed trauma/PTSD in abstinent patients, little is known about trauma/PTSD in early detoxification treatment. The current study therefore addresses the systematic evaluation of trauma/PTSD in early inpatient detoxification. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was accomplished in three German-speaking clinics (n = 134) specialized in inpatient detoxification and motivation treatment...
July 3, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949807/quantitative-criteria-to-screen-for-cannabis-use-disorder
#6
Cristina Casajuana, Hugo López-Pelayo, Laia Miquel, María Mercedes Balcells-Oliveró, Joan Colom, Antoni Gual
INTRODUCTION: The Standard Joint Unit (1 SJU = 7 mg of 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) simplifies the exploration of risky patterns of cannabis use. This study proposes a preliminary quantitative cutoff criterion to screen for cannabis use disorder (CUD). METHODOLOGY: Socio-demographical data and information on cannabis quantities, frequency of use, and risk for CUD (measured with the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) of cannabis users recruited in Barcelona (from February 2015 to June 2016) were collected...
June 27, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913452/the-european-innovation-express-wim-van-den-brink-retires-as-editor-in-chief-of-european-addiction-research-and-will-be-succeeded-by-anna-e-goudriaan
#7
EDITORIAL
Falk Kiefer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627831/decreases-of-life-expectancy-despite-decreases-in-non-communicable-disease-mortality-the-role-of-substance-use-and-socioeconomic-status
#8
Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst
With the epidemiological transition, causes of death shifted from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and life expectancy increased, as these NCD deaths occurred later in life. However, in the United States, over the past years, life expectancy has been stagnating or decreasing despite decreasing NCD mortality rates. Analyses of the most important underlying causes of death with increasing premature mortality reveal that psychoactive substance use played a crucial role for these increases. Furthermore, it can be shown, that a high proportion of the increased premature mortality and decreased life expectancies happened in lower socio-economic strata...
April 6, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627821/global-scientific-production-on-illicit-drug-addiction-a-two-decade-analysis
#9
Malahat Khalili, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Behrang Shadloo, Ramin Mojtabai, Karl Mann, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili
AIMS: Addiction science has made great progress in the past decades. We conducted a scientometric study in order to quantify the number of publications and the growth rate globally, regionally, and at country levels. METHODS: In October 2015, we searched the Scopus database using the general keywords of addiction or drug-use disorders combined with specific terms regarding 4 groups of illicit drugs - cannabis, opioids, cocaine, and other stimulants or hallucinogens...
April 6, 2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902803/the-association-between-the-level-of-plasma-oxytocin-and-craving-among-former-heroin-users
#10
Shih-Hsien Lin, Po See Chen, Lan-Ting Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Hsin Chun Tsai, Wei Tseng Chen, Kao Chin Chen, I Hui Lee, Ru-Band Lu, Yen Kuang Yang
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have demonstrated that oxytocin can influence addiction behaviors and might interact with the dopaminergic system, which is a key component of addiction behaviors. However, related evidence from clinical studies is scarce. The aim of our study was to explore the relationship between plasma oxytocin level and heroin craving among patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment, and to ascertain whether this relationship is moderated by novelty-seeking. METHODS: The study was conducted in a methadone maintenance therapy clinic of a medical center in Taiwan...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902799/is-cannabis-use-treatment-also-indicated-for-patients-with-low-to-moderate-polysubstance-use
#11
Maria Neumann, Gerhard Bühringer, Michael Höfler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Eva Hoch
BACKGROUND: Polysubstance use (PSU) is common among patients with cannabis use (CU) and is related to more severe CU problems. However, it is unclear how PSU predicts CU treatment outcomes beyond CU patterns. We examined the frequency, amount, and class of additionally used substances as predictors for primary and secondary outcomes. METHODS: We conducted crude and adjusted regression analyses for PSU variables as predictors of remission, abstinence, -reduction, and secondary outcomes in 166 help-seeking -patients from a randomized clinical trial of CANDIS, a -cognitive behavioral treatment program...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902793/aspects-of-methamphetamine-abuse-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-a-thuringian-county
#12
Stefan Dhein, Katrin Schmelmer, Julika Guenther, Aida Salameh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Drug abuse is an increasing problem among young adults in European countries. We wanted to assess the prevalence of methamphetamine and cannabis use in young people and to ask for their socioeconomic, parental and emotional background. METHODS: All pupils (n = 1,087) in the final class of 3 school types (-general school [in Germany: Hauptschule/Regelschule mit Hauptschulabschluss] class 9, regular school [in Germany: Regelschule] class 10, high school [in Germany: Gymnasium] class 10) and the first 2 classes of the vocational school (in Germany: Berufsschule) in the entire rural district of Altenburger Land, a Thuringian county in Germany with a total of 92,344 inhabitants were asked to fill out a 2-page questionnaire...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902790/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-by-ernesto-de-bernadis
#13
Flavio Moroni, Guido Mannaioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902789/comment-on-methadone-dose-adjustments-plasma-r-methadone-levels-and-therapeutic-outcome-of-heroin-users-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Ernesto de Bernardis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902784/predictors-of-utilization-of-an-addiction-specific-behavioural-couple-therapy-in-alcohol-dependence
#15
Olivia Schünemann, Johannes Lindenmeyer, Nina Heinrichs
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine predictors that lead to the utilization of Behavioural Couple Therapy (BCT) for patients with alcohol dependence (AD) in a -European health care system and to identify groups that have a low probability of utilizing BCT. METHODS: Using routinely collected data from a German rehabilitation clinic, a sample of 1,843 inpatients with AD living in a couple relationship was examined. Each patient could freely choose to participate in an addiction-specific BCT as a voluntary additional intervention during an inpatient treatment program...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510390/international-consensus-statement-on-screening-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-substance-use-disorder-patients-with-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Cleo L Crunelle, Wim van den Brink, Franz Moggi, Maija Konstenius, Johan Franck, Frances R Levin, Geurt van de Glind, Zsolt Demetrovics, Corné Coetzee, Mathias Luderer, Arnt Schellekens, Frieda Matthys
Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occurs with substance use disorders (SUD) and is associated with early onset and more severe development of SUD and with reduced treatment effectiveness. Screening tools allow for a good recognition of possible ADHD in adults with SUD and should be used routinely, followed by an ADHD diagnostic process initiated as soon as possible. Simultaneous and integrated treatment of ADHD and SUD, using a combination of pharmaco- and psychotherapy, is recommended...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495016/age-invariance-of-the-cannabis-abuse-screening-test-in-a-probabilistic-sample-of-cannabis-users
#17
Stéphane Legleye, Alexandra Rouquette
The Cannabis abuse screening test (CAST) is a short test used for screening those with problematic cannabis use. Recently, its invariance toward age was tested in an Israeli sample of cannabis users, but this study had some sample and methodological limitations: it was conducted in a volunteer sample aged 18-40 and considered the CAST items as continuous variables, although they are based on 5-point Likert scales. We thus tested the CAST invariance toward age (15-24, 25-34, and 35-64 years old) using a French probabilistic sample of 1,351 past-year cannabis users aged 15-64 and using appropriate methods for categorical items and survey weights...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448243/impact-of-health-authority-control-measures-aimed-at-reducing-the-illicit-use-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids
#18
Raquel Vázquez-Mourelle, Eduardo Carracedo-Martinez, Adolfo Figueiras
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate two interventions on anabolic-androgenic-steroids (AAS) dispensation in retail pharmacies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a north-western region of Spain. Data were the AAS supplied by wholesale drug distributors to retail pharmacies over a period of 102 months. It is designed as an ecological time-series study; the dependent variables were daily defined doses per 1,000 inhabitants per day of each drug. The two interventions evaluated were: (1) an inspection program intended for those retail pharmacies where there was an irregular dispensation and (2) a regulation put forth forcing these pharmacies to carry out additional registers...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402870/mentalization-based-treatment-for-concurrent-borderline-personality-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#19
Björn Philips, Peter Wennberg, Per Konradsson, Johan Franck
AIMS: There is a scarcity of clinical trials on psychological treatments for concurrent borderline personality disorder (BPD) and substance use disorder (SUD). Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) have shown efficacy in several trials on BPD. The aim of the present study was to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of MBT for concurrent BPD and SUD. METHODS: Patients (n = 46) with concurrent BPD and SUD were randomized either to MBT in combination with SUD treatment (n = 24) or to SUD treatment alone (n = 22)...
2018: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393208/methadone-dose-adjustments-plasma-r-methadone-levels-and-therapeutic-outcome-of-heroin-users-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Guido Mannaioni, Cecilia Lanzi, Michela Lotti, Valentina Galli, Arianna Totti, Ilaria Pacileo, Maria Sili, Chiara Pracucci, Arianna Dilaghi, Lara Bertieri, Mariarita Quaranta, Francesco Orsini, Brunella Occupati, Assia Michahelles, Riccardo Ciuti, Elisa Bianchini, Giancarlo Fabbro, Annibale Biggeri, Emanuela Masini, Flavio Moroni
AIMS: We aimed to improve the retention in treatment and therapeutic outcome of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients by adjusting the oral methadone dose in order to reach a "target" plasma R-methadone level (80-250 ng/mL). METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial was organized. RESULTS: The intention-to-treat statistical analysis showed that repeated dose adjustments performed in order to obtain therapeutic plasma R-methadone levels did not improve retention in treatment of heroin-dependent patients...
2018: European Addiction Research
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