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American Journal of Orthopedics

Daniel D Bohl, Andre M Samuel, Matthew L Webb, Adam M Lukasiewicz, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Bryce A Basques, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Jonathan N Grauer
This study uses a prospective surgical registry to characterize the timing of 10 postoperative adverse events following geriatric hip fracture surgery. There were 19,873 patients identified who were ≥70 years undergoing surgery for hip fracture as part of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). The median postoperative day of diagnosis (and interquartile range) for myocardial infarction was 3 (1-5), cardiac arrest requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation 3 (0-8), stroke 3 (1-10), pneumonia 4 (2-10), pulmonary embolism 4 (2-11), urinary tract infection 7 (2-13), deep vein thrombosis 9 (4-16), sepsis 9 (4-18), mortality 11 (6-19), and surgical site infection 16 (11-22)...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Hasham M Alvi, Rachel M Thompson, Varun Krishnan, Mary J Kwasny, Matthew D Beal, David W Manning
The morbidity and mortality after hip fracture in the elderly are influenced by non-modifiable comorbidities. Time-to-surgery is a modifiable factor that may play a role in postoperative morbidity. This study investigates the outcomes and complications in the elderly hip fracture surgery as a function of time-to-surgery. Using the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data from 2011 to 2012, a study population was generated using the Current Procedural Terminology codes for percutaneous or open treatment of femoral neck fractures (27235, 27236) and fixation with a screw and side plate or intramedullary fixation (27244, 27245) for peritrochanteric fractures...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Jeffrey B Peck, Paul M Charpentier, Sherry K Bowman, Ajay K Srivastava
Conventional interrupted sutures are traditionally used in extensor mechanism closure during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In recent years, barbed suture has been introduced with the proposed benefits of decreased closure time and a watertight seal that is superior to interrupted sutures. Complication rates using barbed sutures and conventional interrupted sutures are similar. We propose a novel closure technique known as the Flint Lock, which is a double continuous interlocking stitch. The Flint Lock provides a quick and efficient closure to the extensor mechanism in TKA...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Daniel H Wiznia, Mike Wang, Chang-Yeon Kim, Michael P Leslie
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid, Medicare, private insurance) on the ability for patients with operative ankle fractures to access orthopedic traumatologists. The research team called 245 board-certified orthopedic surgeons specializing in orthopedic trauma within 8 representative states. The caller requested an appointment for their fictitious mother in order to be evaluated for an ankle fracture which was previously evaluated by her primary care physician and believed to require surgery...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
David J Kusin, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
Cervical myelopathy is the most common cause of acquired spinal cord dysfunction in people aged >55 years. Advanced age and duration of symptoms have been implicated in the literature as negative prognostic indicators for postoperative functional improvement, but very few studies have evaluated the interaction of these factors. We retrospectively reviewed 125 patients who underwent surgery for cervical myelopathy. Patients were stratified according to age greater or less than 65 years and duration of symptoms of greater or less than 12 and 24 months...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Lauren E Piana, Kirsten D Garvey, Halle Burns, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Cryotherapy is the use of the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of ice to facilitate healing. Cryotherapy mediates these salutatory effects by reducing blood flow to the site of injury, down-regulating the production of inflammatory and pain-inducing prostaglandins, and diminishing the conductive ability of nerve endings. It is commonly used postoperatively in orthopedics to decrease analgesic requirements and blood loss as well as to increase range of motion, despite limited literature on its ability to produce such therapeutic effects in clinical practice...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Jeffrey Goldberg, Jeremy M Burnham, Vikas Dhawan
The ulnar nerve is most commonly compressed at the elbow in the cubital tunnel. Conservative and operative treatments have been applied for cubital tunnel syndrome. Surgical management options include decompression, medial epicondylectomy, and various anterior transposition techniques. We describe a novel technique of anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve by using Osborne's ligament as a sling to avoid subluxation. Osborne's ligament is incised posteriorly and medially on the olecranon to create a sling with 2 to 3 cm width...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Brandon J Erickson, Daniel D Bohl, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Gregory Nicholson, Anthony A Romeo, Joshua D Harris
Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) is a common treatment for rotator cuff tear arthropathy. We performed a systematic review of all the RTSA literature to answer if we are treating the same patients with RTSA, across the world. A systematic review was registered with PROSPERO, the international prospective register of systematic reviews, and performed with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines using 3 publicly available free databases. Therapeutic clinical outcome investigations reporting RTSA outcomes with levels of evidence I to IV were eligible for inclusion...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
R Carter Clement, Kevin Shah, Edmund R Campion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Jonne Prins, Johanna C E Donders, Peter Kloen
Nonunion after a proximal tibia fracture is often associated with poor bone stock, (previous) infection, and compromised soft tissues. These conditions make revision internal fixation with double plating difficult. Combining a plate and contralateral 2-pin external fixator, coined composite fixation, can provide an alternative means of obtaining stability without further compromising soft tissues. Three patients with a proximal tibia nonunion precluding standard internal fixation with double plating were treated with composite fixation...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Andrew R Hsu
Surgical reconstruction of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with diabetes, Charcot neuroarthropathy, osteomyelitis, deformity, and/or bone loss can be challenging and often results in amputation. In these patients, conventional internal fixation with plates, screws, and intramedullary nails is often not feasible because of ongoing infection or poor bone stock and soft tissue quality. The Ilizarov method of ankle and hindfoot arthrodesis is a well-established technique for limb reconstruction that uses circular external fixation to achieve solid bony fusion, optimal leg length, and eradication of infection in cases of complex pathology...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Zeke J Walton, Robert E Holmes, Shane K Woolf
Os acromiale is a failure of fusion between 1 or more ossification centers of the scapula and the acromion process. Pain can be caused by motion and impingement of the unfused segment. Several methods for the management of os acromiale have been described. Internal fixation is the most common surgical technique, followed by excision and acromioplasty. We present a novel technique for treatment of symptomatic os acromiale using arthroscopically-guided headless compression screws. This is a viable technique in the management of symptomatic os acromiale due to preservation of the periosteal blood supply and less concern for symptomatic hardware...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Matthew J Best, Leonard T Buller, Stephen M Quinnan
The incidence of acetabular fractures and associated in-hospital complication rates in the United States are poorly defined. Studies evaluating predictors of outcome for isolated acetabular fractures are weakly generalizable due to small sample sizes or the inclusion of all types of pelvic fractures. This study sought to analyze trends in acetabular fractures and associated complications in the US using the largest and most recent national dataset available. The National Hospital Discharge Survey was queried to identify all patients admitted to US hospitals with acetabular fractures between 1990 and 2010...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Mohamad J Halawi
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is an abnormality of the hip joint that is increasingly being recognized as a cause of athletic disability and early degenerative hip disease. Despite significant advances in the knowledge of FAI, it remains a frequently unrecognized cause of hip pain in adolescents and young adults among orthopedic providers. The purpose of this article is to present a simple 3-view radiographic approach to young adults with hip pain. The radiographs include a standing anteroposterior view of the pelvis, a cross-table lateral view, and a false profile view...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Jonathon M Spanyer, Scott Foster, Jasmine A Thum-DiCesare, Young-Min M Kwon, Dennis W Burke, Sandra B Nelson
A 61-year-old woman with a periprosthetic knee joint infection caused by Mycobacterium abscessus was successfully treated with surgical débridement, multidrug antimicrobial therapy, and staged reimplantation. To the authors' knowledge, this represents the first report of successfully treating this organism after knee arthroplasty. M. abscessus knee infections are rare, and there are no specific guidelines to inform treatment or successful treatment regimens for periprosthetic knee infections. Medical management alone was not successful in this case and hence cannot be recommended...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Matthew E Gitelis, Rachel M Frank, Maximillian A Meyer, Gregory Cvetanovich, Brian J Cole
Meniscus allograft transplantation (MAT) has yielded excellent long-term functional outcomes when performed in properly indicated patients. When evaluating a patient for potential MAT, it is imperative to evaluate past medical history and past surgical procedures. The ideal MAT candidate is a chronologically and physiologically young patient (<50 years) with symptomatic meniscal deficiency. Existing pathology in the knee needs to be carefully considered and issues such as malalignment, cartilage defects, and/or ligamentous instability may require a staged or concomitant procedure...
September 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Scott R Nodzo, Sonja Pavlesen, Christopher Ritter, K Keely Boyle
Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an effective agent used for reducing perioperative blood loss and decreasing the potential for postoperative hemarthrosis. We hypothesized that patients who had received intraoperative TXA during total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) would have a reduction in postoperative drain output, thereby resulting in a reduced risk of postoperative hemarthrosis and lower wound complication rates. A retrospective review was conducted on 50 consecutive patients, 25 receiving TXA (TXA-TAA) and 25 not receiving TXA (No TXA-TAA), who underwent an uncemented TAA between September 2011 and December 2015...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
David Saper, Akash K Shah, Andrew B Stein, Andrew Jawa
Delayed unions and nonunions of the scaphoid are most often treated by open reduction and internal fixation with bone grafting. We sought to evaluate a large consecutive series of nondisplaced or minimally displaced scaphoid nonunions and delayed unions treated by a compression screw without bone grafting by 2 fellowship trained hand surgeons. A total of 23 patients (19 males, 4 females) were identified who had fractures located at the distal third (2), the waist (18), and the proximal third (3). Of the 23 patients, 19 had a complete follow-up (mean follow-up period, 5...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Deepan N Patel, Neal S ElAttrache, Michael B Banffy
This case shows an atypical presentation of an osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesion of the radial head with detachment diagnosed on plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OCD lesions are rather uncommon in the elbow joint; however, when present, these lesions are typically seen in throwing athletes or gymnasts who engage in activities involving repetitive trauma to the elbow. Involvement of the radial head is extremely rare, accounting for <5% of all elbow OCD lesions. Conventional radiographs have low sensitivity for detecting OCD lesions and may frequently miss these lesions in the early stages...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Stephanie W Mayer, Nicole A Zelenski, Vasili Karas, Zongping Xie, Steven A Olson
The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of body mass index (BMI), age, smoking status, and other comorbid conditions to the rate and type of complications occurring in the perioperative period following periacetabular osteotomy. A retrospective review was performed on 80 hips to determine demographic information as well as pre- and postoperative pain scores, center-edge angle, Tönnis angle, intraoperative blood loss, and perioperative complications within 90 days of surgery. Patients were placed into high- (>30) and low- (<30) BMI groups to determine any correlation between complications and BMI...
August 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
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