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Health and Human Rights

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630563/human-rights-tb-legislation-and-jurisprudence
#1
O B K Dingake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630562/unstoppable-how-advocates-persevered-in-the-fight-for-justice-for-haitian-cholera-victims
#2
Adam Houston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630561/human-rights-in-the-world-health-organization-views-of-the-director-general-candidates
#3
Benjamin Mason Meier
Before the 2017 election of the Director-General of WHO, and given the importance of human rights to global health governance through WHO, Health and Human Rights asked the three final candidates for their views on human rights, WHO's human rights mandate, and the role of human rights in WHO programming. These questions were developed by the author in collaboration with Audrey Chapman, Lisa Forman, Paul Hunt, Dainius Pūras, Javier Vasquez and Carmel Williams. Based on responses to these questions from each of the three candidates, this Perspective was originally published online on April 26, 2017...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630560/mechanisms-of-accountability-for-the-realization-of-the-right-to-health-in-china
#4
Shengnan Qiu, Gillian Macnaughton
China ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 2001. It thus bears obligations under Article 12 of the covenant to take appropriate measures at the domestic level to realize the right to health in China. Accountability is an important component of the right to health. This article examines whether the Western concept of accountability, recently imported into China, has the potential to improve the protection of the right to health within China's existing political, legal, and cultural framework...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630559/drug-policy-and-indigenous-peoples
#5
Julian Burger, Mary Kapron
This paper identifies the principal concerns of indigenous peoples with regard to current international treaties on certain psychoactive substances and policies to control and eradicate their production, trafficking, and sale. Indigenous peoples have a specific interest in the issue since their traditional lands have become integrated over time into the large-scale production of coca, opium poppy, and cannabis crops, in response to high demand from the American and European markets, among others. As a consequence, indigenous peoples are persecuted because of their traditional use of these and other plant-based narcotics and hallucinogens...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630558/the-child-s-right-to-protection-from-drugs-understanding-history-to-move-forward
#6
Damon Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630557/international-guidelines-on-human-rights-and-drug-control-a-tool-for-securing-women-s-rights-in-drug-control-policy
#7
Rebecca Schleifer, Luciana Pol
Discrimination and inequality shape women's experiences of drug use and in the drug trade and the impact of drug control efforts on them, with disproportionate burdens faced by poor and otherwise marginalized women. In recent years, UN member states and UN drug control and human rights entities have recognized this issue and made commitments to integrate a 'gender perspective' into drug control policies, with 'gender' limited to those conventionally deemed women. But the concept of gender in international law is broader, rooted in socially constructed and culturally determined norms and expectations around gender roles, sex, and sexuality...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630556/how-drug-control-policy-and-practice-undermine-access-to-controlled-medicines
#8
Naomi Burke-Shyne, Joanne Csete, Duncan Wilson, Edward Fox, Daniel Wolfe, Jennifer J K Rasanathan
Drug conventions serve as the cornerstone for domestic drug laws and impose a dual obligation upon states to prevent the misuse of controlled substances while ensuring their adequate availability for medical and scientific purposes. Despite the mandate that these obligations be enforced equally, the dominant paradigm enshrined in the drug conventions is an enforcement-heavy criminal justice response to controlled substances that prohibits and penalizes their misuse. Prioritizing restrictive control is to the detriment of ensuring adequate availability of and access to controlled medicines, thereby violating the rights of people who need them...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630555/the-case-for-international-guidelines-on-human-rights-and-drug-control
#9
EDITORIAL
Rick Lines, Richard Elliott, Julie Hannah, Rebecca Schleifer, Tenu Avafia, Damon Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630554/abortion-care-in-nepal-15-years-after-legalization-gaps-in-access-equity-and-quality
#10
Wan-Ju Wu, Sheela Maru, Kiran Regmi, Indira Basnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630553/australia-abortion-and-human-rights
#11
Ronli Sifris, Suzanne Belton
This article adopts a human rights lens to consider Australian law and practice regarding elective abortion. As such, it considers Australian laws within the context of the right to equality, right to privacy, right to health, and right to life. After setting out the human rights framework and noting the connected nature of many of the rights (and their corresponding violations), the article shifts its focus to analyzing Australian law and practice within the framework of these rights. It considers the importance of decriminalizing abortion and regulating it as a standard medical procedure...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630552/decriminalization-and-women-s-access-to-abortion-in-australia
#12
Barbara Baird
This article considers the relationship between the decriminalization of abortion and women's access to abortion services. It focuses on the four Australian jurisdictions which are, with Canada, the only jurisdictions in the world where abortion has been removed from the criminal law. This paper draws on documentary evidence and an oral history project to give a "before and after" account of each jurisdiction. The paper assumes that the meaning and impact of decriminalization must be assessed in each local context...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630551/exploring-legal-restrictions-regulatory-reform-and-geographic-disparities-in-abortion-access-in-thailand
#13
Grady Arnott, Grace Sheehy, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
Despite decades of advocacy among Thai governmental and nongovernmental actors to remove abortion from the country's 1957 Criminal Code, this medically necessary service remains significantly legally restricted. In 2005, in the most recent regulatory reform to date, the Thai Medical Council established regulatory measures to allow a degree of physician interpretation within the confines of the existing law. Drawing on findings from a review of institutional policies and legislative materials, key informant interviews, and informal discussions with health service providers, government representatives, and nonprofit stakeholders, this article explores how legal reforms and health policies have shaped the abortion landscape in Thailand and influenced geographic disparities in availability and accessibility...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630550/macro-and-micro-political-vernaculizations-of-rights-human-rights-and-abortion-discourses-in-northern-ireland
#14
Claire Pierson, Fiona Bloomer
How abortion is dealt with in law and policy is shaped through the multiple political and societal discourses on the issue within a particular society. Debate on abortion is constantly in flux, with progressive and regressive movements witnessed globally. This paper examines the translation of human rights norms into discourses on abortion in Northern Ireland, a region where abortion is highly restricted, with extensive contemporary public debate into potential liberalization of abortion law. This paper emanates from research examining political debates on abortion in Northern Ireland and contrasts findings with recent civil society developments, identifying competing narratives of human rights with regard to abortion at the macro- and micro-political level...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630549/why-is-a-good-abortion-law-not-enough-the-case-of-estonia
#15
Liiri Oja
There are various ways to critically discuss abortion. Constructing or finding the most suitable analytical framework-whether rooted in legal formalism, socio-legal considerations, or comparativism-always depends on the country of subject and whether the analysis is for litigation, advocacy, or more theoretical purposes. This paper offers a model for analyzing abortion in Estonia in order to connect it as a thought-provoking case study to the ongoing transnational abortion discussions. I set out by describing the Estonian Abortion Act as a "good abortion law": a regulation that guarantees in practice women's legal access to safe abortion...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630548/the-moderating-influence-of-international-courts-on-social-movements-evidence-from-the-ivf-case-against-costa-rica
#16
Julieta Lemaitre, Rachel Sieder
Feminists and religious conservatives across the globe have increasingly turned to courts in their battles over abortion. Yet while a significant literature analyzes legal mobilization on abortion issues, it tends to focus predominantly on domestic scenarios. In this article, we consider the effects of this contentious engagement of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in international human rights fora, asking what happens to social movement claims when they reach international human rights courts. We answer the question through a detailed description of a single case, Gretel Artavia Murillo et al...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630547/abortion-rights-legal-mobilization-in-the-peruvian-media-1990-2015
#17
Camila Gianella
State and non-state actors engaged in disputes to expand and limit abortion rights have engaged in legal mobilization-in other words, strategies using rights and law as a central tool for advancing contested political goals. Peru, like other Latin American countries, has experienced an increase in abortion rights legal mobilization in recent years, including litigation before national and international courts. This paper centers on societal legal mobilization, or the legal mobilization that occurs outside the legislative and judicial branches and that includes strategies promoted by the executive branch, political actors, and non-partisan organizations and individuals...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630546/the-battle-over-abortion-rights-in-brazil-s-state-arenas-1995-2006
#18
Marta Rodriguez De Assis Machado, Débora Alves Maciel
This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and political contexts. It details the emergence of a strategic action field on abortion during the Brazilian re-democratization process and the National Constituent Assembly. We offer analysis on pro-choice and anti-abortion mobilization in state arenas-mainly in the executive and legislative powers-during the two terms of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (FHC), 1995-1998 and 1999-2002, and the first term of President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva (Lula), 2003-2006...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#19
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630544/pregnancies-and-fetal-anomalies-incompatible-with-life-in-chile-arguments-and-experiences-in-advocating-for-legal-reform
#20
Lidia Casas, Lieta Vivaldi
Chile allows abortion under no circumstances. Whether it's fetal anomaly incompatible with life or congenital malformation resulting in little or no life expectancy, all Chilean women are expected to carry their pregnancies to term. In this context, in January 2015 the Chilean Congress began debating a bill to legalize abortion on three grounds, including fatal congenital malformation. The medical community, including midwives, has presented its views for and against, especially on how the law may affect clinical practices; in addition, women, many of whom have experienced a fatal congenital malformation diagnosis, have weighed in...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
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