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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Tore Bonsaksen, Farzaneh Yazdani
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapy has long emphasized the concepts doing, being, becoming and belonging, and a notion of balance between them. Measures of these concepts are in a developing stage. AIM: This study aimed to develop and examine the properties of the Norwegian version of the Occupational Wholeness Questionnaire (N-OWQ), which is proposed to measure being, becoming, and belonging, in addition to occupational wholeness as a higher-order concept. METHODS: An anonymous sample of 248 persons over the age of 18 years completed the N-OWQ along with sociodemographic information...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tove Lise Nielsen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Helene Polatajko, Claus Vinther Nielsen
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in enabling older adults' occupational performance. We tested whether 11 weeks of intensive client-centred occupational therapy (ICC-OT) was superior to usual practice in improving the occupational performance of home-dwelling older adults. METHODS: An assessor-masked randomized controlled trial among adults 60 + with chronic health issues, who received or applied for homecare services. Recruitment took place September 2012 to April 2014...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Louise Klokker, Susanne Guidetti, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop evidence-based occupational therapy programs aiming at enhancing the ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions. Information from different sources is to be integrated in the development process. Thus, it is necessary to engage both occupational therapists and persons living with chronic conditions in suggesting ideas on how to enhance the ADL ability. OBJECTIVE: To identify, organize and prioritize ideas on how to enhance ability to perform ADL in persons with chronic conditions...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Aila Pikkarainen, Katja Vähäsantanen, Susanna Paloniemi, Anneli Eteläpelto
AIMS: This study investigated the individual rehabilitation agency of older adults in a one-year group-based gerontological rehabilitation context. Here, rehabilitation agency is understood as being manifested when older adults make choices and decisions regarding their everyday lives, including notions of themselves. METHODS: The data were obtained via non-participant observation of the final individual goal evaluation sessions of 38 older adults with their personal counselor...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists' are increasingly working with communities and providing services at the community level. There is, however, a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide this work. AIM: The aim of this article is to present a new conceptual framework for community-centered practice in occupational therapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The conceptual framework was developed from qualitative multi-case research on exemplars of community participation...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vera C Kaelin, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Brigitte E Gantschnig, Anne G Fisher
BACKGROUND: There are no validated assessment tools for evaluating quality of schoolwork task performance of children living in German-speaking Europe (GSE). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the international age-normative means of the School Version of the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (School AMPS) are valid for use in GSE. METHODS: The participants were 159 typically-developing children, 3-12 years, from GSE. We examined the proportions of School AMPS measures falling within ±2 standard deviation (SD) of the international age-normative means, and evaluated for significant group differences (p < 0...
January 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Sofi Fristedt
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important issue in daily life, but little is known about occupational therapy (OT) students' views on these matters. AIM: To explore occupational therapy students' views on addressing sexual health in their future professional role. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study involving 37 OT students in 5 focus groups was performed and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: Three categories: 'Sexual health is part of occupational therapy and but not of the OT educational program'; 'Need for knowledge to identify and intervene related to sexual health problems'; and finally, 'Communication about sexual health-unknown, untried, but necessary', formed the theme, 'Willing to try, wanting to know more, and recognizing not only the difficulties and challenges but also the importance of sexual health in OT practice'...
December 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Clarice Ribeiro Soares Araújo, Ana Amélia Cardoso, Lívia de Castro Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have difficulties performing daily activities which reflects negatively on participation, impacting their lives. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of the cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance Approach (CO-OP Approach) protocol on occupational performance and satisfaction of Brazilian children who have DCD; to examine whether children could transfer strategies and skills learned during CO-OP to untrained goals...
December 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Pia Hovbrandt, Carita Håkansson, Maria Albin, Gunilla Carlsson, Kerstin Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Reforms are changing pension systems in many European countries, in order to both restrict early retirement and force people to extend their working life. From occupational therapy and occupational science perspectives, studies focusing on aspects of working life that motivate the older worker is urgent. AIM: The aim was to describe incentives behind an extended working life among people over age 65. METHOD: Focus group methodology was used, with participants ages 66-71, from varying work fields: construction and technical companies and the municipal elderly care sector...
November 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristine Lund, Elisabeth Argentzell, Christel Leufstadius, Carina Tjörnstrand, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: Balancing Everyday Life (BEL), a new group-based intervention for mental health service users, was implemented in Sweden. Mental health service users often experience group interventions as meaningful, but knowledge of the process of meaning-making in a group is lacking. AIM: To explore participants' perceptions of the group in the Balancing Everyday Life (BEL) lifestyle intervention; specifically, personal experiences of what brings meaning when participating in a group...
November 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Daniel Sutton, Ulrika Bejerholm, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: Day centers are a common form of mental health service internationally. They are aimed at enhancing occupational engagement and social relations, but there is a need to clarify the outcomes of day center programs, including the impact on important aspects of recovery such as empowerment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore whether perceived empowerment changed over time among Swedish day center users and whether self-esteem, quality of life, socio-demographic data and self-reported diagnosis, type of program and level of engagement in day center occupations could predict future empowerment...
November 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Suzanne Johanson, Urban Markström, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: The Individual Enabling and Support (IES) model is an adapted, supported employment program developed to meet motivational, cognitive and time-use needs of people with affective disorders. Vocational programs for this target group have been developed but more knowledge is needed about the important characteristics and perceived usefulness of the programs. The aim of this study was to illustrate the IES model and process from multiple perspectives. METHODS: Five participants were included in this multiple-case study...
October 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Rina Juel Kaptain, Anders Kottorp, Ann-Helen Patomella, Tina Helle
BACKGROUND: Everyday technologies are naturally integrated in people's daily life. For older adults and adults living with a chronic disease like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the ability to use technologies for health management has become increasingly important. The aim of this study was to investigate inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the Danish version of the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire (ETUQ) in a sample of older adults with (n = 23) and without (n = 24) COPD...
October 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Danielle Hitch, Genevieve Pepin, Karen Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Wilcock's Occupational Perspective of Health (OPH) aligns with the profession's re-discovery of its holistic, occupationally focused roots. Its dimensions of occupation-doing, being, becoming and belonging - resonate strongly with therapists on an intuitive, implicit level. However, its documented use in practice to date has been sparse, and several barriers to its implementation have been identified. The aim of this article is to present a renewal of the OPH - the Pan Occupational Paradigm (POP)...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alison J Gerlach, Gail Teachman, Debbie Laliberte-Rudman, Rebecca M Aldrich, Suzanne Huot
BACKGROUND: Perspectives that individualize occupation are poorly aligned with socially responsive and transformative occupation-focused research, education, and practice. Their predominant use in occupational therapy risks the perpetuation, rather than resolution, of occupational inequities. AIM: In this paper, we problematize taken-for-granted individualistic analyses of occupation and illustrate how critical theoretical perspectives can reveal the ways in which structural factors beyond an individual's immediate control and environment shape occupational possibilities and occupational engagement...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jannick Lavigne, Paula W Rushton, Nathalie Trudelle
BACKGROUND: Efficient service delivery models that optimize processes and human resources are required in the current health care climate. A family-centered care approach is recognized as a model that can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of pediatric rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multidisciplinary health care team regarding the use of the Préparation au plan d'intervention (PAPI), a modified needs assessment tool designed to facilitate a family-centered care approach among children with cerebral motor deficits (CMD) and their families...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Bethan Collins
BACKGROUND: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice. AIM: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Maria Bergström, Inger Ahlstrand, Ingrid Thyberg, Torbjörn Falkmer, Björn Börsbo, Mathilda Björk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease often associated with disability. Despite new treatments, pain and activity limitations are still present. OBJECTIVES: To describe how persons with RA experience and manage pain in their daily life. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups (FGs) were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed four categories: 1) Pain expresses itself in different ways referred to pain as overwhelming, aching or as a feeling of stiffness...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Eva-Britt Norberg, Britta Löfgren, Kurt Boman, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Brännström
AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe clients and occupational therapists (OTs) experiences of a home-based programme focusing energy conservation strategies (ECS) for clients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The programme, based on occupational therapy intervention process model (OTIPM), was led by two OTs in primary health care. Five clients' self-reported activities of daily living (ADL), fatigue, depression, goal achievements and use of ECS...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Maarit E Karhula, Anna-Liisa Salminen, Päivi I Hämäläinen, Juhani Ruutiainen, Pertti Era, Asko Tolvanen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the impact on participation and autonomy (IPA) questionnaire. The Finnish version of IPA (IPAFin) was translated into Finnish using the protocol for linguistic validation for patient-reported outcomes instruments. METHODS: A total of 194 persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) (mean age 50 years SD 9, 72% female) with moderate to severe disability participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to confirm the four factor structure of the IPAFin...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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