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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Lisa Uhrmann, Ida Hovengen, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The concept occupational balance has been linked with health and well-being, and it is therefore viewed as an important concept for occupational therapy practice, theory and research. To operationalize and measure occupational balance, the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) was developed in Sweden. To date, no Norwegian translations of the OBQ exists. AIM: To describe the process of developing a Norwegian version of the 11-items Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11-N) and to evaluate its feasibility and face validity...
November 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Victoria C Ritter, Orsolya R Fekete, Hege Nordli, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The clubhouses are part of a growing international movement concerned with providing work-oriented psychosocial rehabilitation for people with a history of mental illness. Instruments used for measuring outcomes from clubhouse participation is in a developing phase. AIMS: This study aimed to assess psychometric properties of an outcome survey tool used at a Norwegian clubhouse, and to explore factors associated with members' perceived outcomes from participation at the clubhouse...
November 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Luciana Costa Silva, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon, Maria Paula Panúncio-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapy students learn in different environments, where role modelling takes place. Nevertheless, little is known about student and tutors perceptions on model´s characteristics. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the perceptions of occupational therapy students on the most important attributes of role models and to confront their views with those of clinical tutors. METHODS: A sample of 61 students completed a structured, standardized online questionnaire...
October 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Craig Thompson, Sven Bölte, Torbjörn Falkmer, Sonya Girdler
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition of the challenges faced by students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) there is limited understanding of the barriers and facilitators to participation in major life areas, such as being a university student. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine viewpoints on what affects the success of Australian university students with ASD. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Q-methodology was used to describe the viewpoints of university students with ASD, their parents and their mentors, on success at university for students with ASD...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alexandra Olofsson, Maria Larsson Lund, Anneli Nyman
BACKGROUND: Participation restriction is a common consequence after acquired brain injury (ABI). AIM: To explore and identify problematic situations in everyday activities outside the home for persons with acquired brain injury. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two persons of working age with ABI were included. Data were generated through repeated semi-structured interviews and participant observations. Narrative analysis was used to capture ongoing processes related to problematic situations during engagement in everyday activities outside the home...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jodie Armstrong, Katie Paskal, Catherine Elliott, John Wray, Emma Davidson, Joanne Mizen, Sonya Girdler
BACKGROUND: Supported and therapeutic playgroups aim to support and strengthen vulnerable children and families by increasing parenting capacity, parent-child interaction, enhancing child outcomes and promoting community networks. This review aimed to comprehensively scope the literature to identify the "active ingredients" of supported and therapeutic playgroups. METHOD: A systematic search of grey and scholarly literature was conducted using Medline, PyschINFO, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, MedNar, Informit, Scopus, Libraries of Australia and Trove...
October 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Melissa Petrakis, Yolande Stirling, Kate Higgins
BACKGROUND: Individuals experiencing severe and persistent mental illness report a desire to gain and sustain work. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based approach to vocational rehabilitation to support competitive employment outcomes. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether a joint-governance management partnership, between a clinical adult mental health and an employment service, could deliver a sustained IPS program in Australia...
October 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Brittany M St John, Elizabeth Hladik, Holly C Romaniak, Karla K Ausderau
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at an increased risk for health disparities that serve as barriers to participation in daily occupations. Understanding the lived experience of individuals with ID can illuminate barriers and facilitators to these health-promoting occupations. Commonly used methods examining health for individuals with ID may not reveal important information about their daily participation potentially due to cognitive or communication limitations...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Amy Early, Ashley Maldonado, Claudia P Garcia, Dalmina Arias, Amalia Zeidman, Alexander Agudelo-Orozco
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an optimal approach that brings together community stakeholders, researchers and practitioners in an effort to understand and address social issues and health disparities experienced by vulnerable populations. Latino immigrant families in the United States with youth and young families with disabilities have experienced a number of barriers in gaining positive health outcomes. These families face challenges in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, placing them at high risk for obesity, diabetes, and other chronic health conditions...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jenna L Heffron, Natasha A Spassiani, Amber M Angell, Joy Hammel
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) experience barriers to community participation, yet their insider experiences of environmental barriers and supports to participation are largely absent from the literature. AIM/OBJECTIVE: The aims of this research were to evaluate Photovoice as a participatory research method, examine environmental barriers and supports to community participation, and develop strategies to support self-determination and community participation for and with people with I/DD...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Leanne Leclair, Sophia Ali, Marcia Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Little research has focused on working with communities to promote and support children's occupational development. AIM/OBJECTIVE: We used the Concerns Report Method (CRM) to identify community supports for parents with young children that could enhance children's occupational development. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted interviews/focus groups with parents (n = 29) and service providers (n = 11). We used content analysis to identify four themes: availability, barriers and facilitators, parent/child transitions, and making connections...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Susanne Gustafsson, Christian Falk, Sofia Tillman, Lisa Holtz, Lisbeth Lindahl
BACKGROUND: The potential to influence the design of one's local environment is especially important to older people since age-related problems, in combination with a less supportive environment, can prevent the performance of meaningful activities. It is unclear how best to tailor a participatory approach to support the task of collaborating with older persons about their local environment. Life filming was used in such a project. OBJECTIVE: To describe Life filming as a means of participatory approach in relation to older community-dwelling persons and the design of their local environment...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Emelie Mälstam, Sophie Bensing, Eric Asaba
People with rare diseases are a minority group that faces risks for healthcare and work inequities because knowledge and resources on how to systematically support health or working life are limited. Integrating voices of persons living with rare diseases are an important aspect in inclusive and relevant healthcare practices. This study sought to actively involve persons with autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD), a rare condition, in exploring challenges and possibilities situated in everyday life. Photovoice methods were utilized to incorporate experiences through photographic documentation and group discussions with five persons over seven weeks...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jessica M Kramer, Ariel E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: To address the gap in patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) of functional performance appropriate for youth and young adults with developmental disabilities (DD) we developed the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory-Patient Reported Outcome (PEDI-PRO). AIM/OBJECTIVE: We used a participatory process to: (1) Develop the measurement conceptual framework; (2) Identify discrete functional tasks to include in the PEDI-PRO; and (3) Refine item candidates...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Heidi Lauckner, Lara Fenton, Karen Gallant, Catherine White, Katherine Taylor
With a common goal of increasing social inclusion through collaboration between the mental health and recreation sectors, the Recreation for Mental Health Project was a partnership between Dalhousie University, Recreation Nova Scotia, and the local Canadian Mental Health Association branch. AIMS: Central to this project was the meaningful involvement of individuals with First Voice perspectives-in this case, people with lived experience of mental health challenges. This paper describes key strategies used to privilege First Voice perspectives throughout this project...
October 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tongai Fibion Chichaya, Robin Wendy Elizabeth Joubert, Mary Ann McColl
BACKGROUND: The national policy on disability in Namibia is overdue for review having been in existence for over 20 years. In 2017 the government of Namibia expressed intentions to review the policy. Concerns that can be framed as occupational injustice were raised by persons with disabilities in Namibia. AIM: To gather evidence from persons with disabilities; disability policy decision makers and occupational therapists for contributing towards disability policy formulation using an occupational justice perspective...
August 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND: Communication skills such as listening, empathy and body language are core competencies that entry level occupational therapy students must demonstrate when completing practice placements. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if interpersonal skills taught to undergraduate occupational therapy students predict their practice performance. METHODS: Second, third and fourth year occupational therapy students (n = 132) completed the Active-Empathetic Listening Scale (AELS); the Listening Styles Profile-Revised (LSP-R); and the Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS)...
August 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sofia Nissmark, Agneta Malmgren Fänge
BACKGROUND: Today people can live a long time with a chronic cancer diagnosis, and it affects the entire family. Family members to patients in palliative care often have to leave valued occupations due to lack of time and energy, while new roles are forced upon them, potentially affecting their health. OBJECTIVE: To explore occupational balance, needs and roles among family members to persons in palliative care. METHODS: Six semi-structured interviews were conducted with family members to terminally ill persons enrolled to specialized palliative care...
July 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Catherine Swift, Clare Hocking, Annette Dickinson, Margaret Jones
BACKGROUND: When a parent has chronic pain, family communication can become strained. Clinicians are encouraged to identify and support families struggling with open communication. Occupational therapists are commonly involved in the provision of pain management services but their role in facilitating open communication in families affected by this condition has not been clearly articulated. OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive understanding of what is being done and/or thought to be helpful for facilitating open communication in families affected by chronic pain, in order to articulate the role of occupational therapy in this area of care...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Louise Ranehov, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, no research of the work situation of full-time, paid, parental HC assistants has been done. AIM: To examine how parents experienced their work as HC assistants for their chronic disabled child. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews based on the Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS-S) were done with nine mothers who had a child aged 8-17 years old with a cognitive or/and physical chronic disability. Content analysis was used with the Model Of Human Occupation as a framework...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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