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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Carla Chidu, Lorraine Carter, Alicia McDougall, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify and review the most cited articles in the occupational therapy field. METHODS: Using the multi-disciplinary Publish or Perish software to extract data, the top 50 lifetime and annual cited articles were examined. Studies were organized according to the following: year of publication, design, topic, number of authors, country of publication, and number of citations for each cohort. RESULTS: We found that randomized control trials were the dominant design type used in papers with the most lifetime (36...
June 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anne Lund, Mali Melhus, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: Even people with mild to moderate stroke will experience changes in their abilities to perform everyday occupations. Group interventions may be appropriate in late-stage rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to explore how the participants involved themselves in person-centered lifestyle groups after stroke in Norway. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were performed with six older adults with mild-to-moderate stroke who had participated in lifestyle groups over a period of nine months...
June 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jenni Riekkola Carabante, Stina Rutberg, Margareta Lilja, Gunilla Isaksson
BACKGROUND: To promote health and well-being, and to meet the desires of the growing elderly population to age in place, elderly spousal caregivers need adequate support such as respite care services. More knowledge is needed about elderly spousal caregivers' experiences in relation to participation, which is an aspect of health that remains relatively unexplored for this group. AIM: To explore and describe how elderly spousal caregivers experience and discuss participation in everyday life when living in shifting contexts due to the use of respite care...
June 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Git Lidman, Kate Himmelmann, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
BACKGROUND: During childhood, children learn the daily life activities they want and need to do. Children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy often have difficulties performing activities requiring two hands. AIM: To describe parental reasoning on how children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy learn to master the performance of bimanual activities in everyday life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen parents participated in focus groups, a qualitative research approach with its own methodological criteria and research methods...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Stefan Widerberg, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: The aim was to explore the experiences and views of people attending day centers for people with psychiatric disabilities concerning the occurrence and nature of gendering of the occupations performed there. METHODS: Twenty-five day center attendees were interviewed regarding occupational choices at the day centers, whether they would describe day center occupations as gendered, and if so what the consequences were of the gendering of occupations. The transcribed texts were analyzed by thematic analysis...
June 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Danielle Hitch, Genevieve Pepin, Karen Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Wilcock's Occupational Perspective of Health (OPH) aligns with the profession's re-discovery of its holistic, occupationally focused roots. Its dimensions of occupation-doing, being, becoming and belonging - resonate strongly with therapists on an intuitive, implicit level. However, its documented use in practice to date has been sparse, and several barriers to its implementation have been identified. The aim of this article is to present a renewal of the OPH - the Pan Occupational Paradigm (POP)...
June 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Vroland-Nordstrand, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Ulla Johansson
AIM/OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe parents' perceptions and experiences of conducting a goal-directed intervention focused on children's self-identified goals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were performed with nine parents (8 mothers, 1 father). All the parents had participated actively in conducting a goal-directed intervention addressing their children's self-identified goals. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Greta Häggblom-Kronlöf, Björg Thordardottir, Louise Nygård, Tina Helle, Unni Sveen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Orit Lahav, Noa Daniely, Shira Yalon-Chamovitz
BACKGROUND: Service-learning (SL) is commonly used in Occupational Therapy (OT) programs worldwide as a community placement educational strategy. However, most SL models are not clearly defined in terms of both methodology and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study explores a structured model of Service-Learning (Interpersonal Social Responsibility-Service Learning: ISR-SL) aimed towards the development of professional identity among OT students...
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Klara Jakobsen, Eva Magnus, Steinar Lundgren, Randi J Reidunsdatter
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer results in an increasing number of survivors, some of whom face new challenges in their transition to daily life. AIM: Based on these experiences, the aim of this study was to describe the everyday life in breast cancer survivors experiencing challenges. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eleven women recruited from a follow-up study of breast cancer patients participated in qualitative interviews about their everyday occupations seven years after ending treatment...
May 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marjorie Désormeaux-Moreau, Nadine Larivière, Ginette Aubin
RATIONALE: As more individuals with mental disorders now live in the community and as the custodial care housing model has shifted to supported housing, home safety has become a rising issue, however, not well documented. OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenon of home safety for people with a mental disorder as well as its contributing factors. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design was used. Individual interviews were conducted with persons with a mental disorder (n = 8), while focus groups were conducted with relatives, health and social service providers and community stakeholders (n = 21)...
May 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mona Eklund, Martin Bäckström, Ulrika Bejerholm
AIM: To investigate how day center attendees with psychiatric disabilities perceived their worker role and the importance of current work situation and personal factors in that respect. METHODS: Two-hundred attendees completed the Worker Role Self-assessment and questionnaires addressing possible predictors of the worker role: current employment situation, satisfaction with that situation, and a personal factor (encompassing self-esteem, self-mastery and engagement)...
May 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alison J Gerlach, Gail Teachman, Debbie Laliberte-Rudman, Rebecca M Aldrich, Suzanne Huot
BACKGROUND: Perspectives that individualize occupation are poorly aligned with socially responsive and transformative occupation-focused research, education, and practice. Their predominant use in occupational therapy risks the perpetuation, rather than resolution, of occupational inequities. AIM: In this paper, we problematize taken-for-granted individualistic analyses of occupation and illustrate how critical theoretical perspectives can reveal the ways in which structural factors beyond an individual's immediate control and environment shape occupational possibilities and occupational engagement...
May 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Charlotte Blomgren, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christian Blomstrand, Lisbeth Claesson
BACKGROUND: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. AIM: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho, Kenneth N K Fong
BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics involves the statistical analysis of the publications in a specific discipline or subject area. A bibliometric analysis of the occupational therapy refereed literature is needed. AIM: A bibliometric analysis was completed of the occupational therapy literature from 1991-2014, indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded or the Social Sciences Citation Index. METHOD: Publications were searched by title, abstract, keywords, and KeyWords Plus...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Cornelia Kocher Stalder, Anders Kottorp, Maja Steinlin, Helena Hemmingsson
BACKGROUND: Children with acquired brain injury (ABI) often present with functional deficits that influence their societal participation and well-being. Successful reintegration into school calls for individual support to meet each child's adjustment needs. The adjustment needs of children with ABI in school settings have not previously been explored. AIM: The objectives of the present study were (a) to describe adjustment needs in school settings for children with ABI and (b) to explore differences and similarities between reports from the children and their teachers...
May 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Farzaneh Yazdani, Alia Harb, Mehdi Rassafiani, Laya Nobakht, Nastaran Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: Occupational balance is one of the concepts used by occupational therapists with no consensus on its definition. Literature demonstrates different perspectives when this concept is applied in practice and in its link to other concepts such as health and well-being. This study aims to explore how the concept of occupational balance is perceived and practised by occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: A qualitative methodology was employed. Fourteen occupational therapists volunteered for the study...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Christel Leufstadius
BACKGROUND: There is a need for intervention studies of persons with psychiatric disabilities who attend day centers (DCs). AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how people living with psychiatric disability experience and describe the meaning of occupation at DCs after taking part in an intervention. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological approach was used and 11 participants in the intervention were interviewed. RESULTS: The superordinate theme describing the experienced meaning at the DC was As a substitute for work, and the sub-themes were; A feeling of belonging to a subculture; Flexibility and adaptation of occupation in accordance with the individual's needs and recovery process; and Influence...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marianne Bemgård, Birgitha Archenholtz
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fracture (DRF) often causes reduced ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs). There is a need for recurrent evaluation of the ability to perform ADL in the early stage of rehabilitation as a complement to traditional functional measures. AIM: Develop a short and simple performance test for use in clinical practice through modification of the Sollerman Grip Function Test (GFT). METHOD: DRF patients and controls performed the GFT...
May 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Emma Crawford, Merrill June Turpin
BACKGROUND: Occupational justice research can generate knowledge about societal conditions that support participation in meaningful occupations. This is useful because occupational therapy's human rights goal is to create societal conditions that are conducive to occupational engagement. Participants in this research field are likely to be vulnerable and need special ethical considerations. However, no model exists to support ethical considerations for vulnerable participants in occupational justice research...
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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