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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145145/the-attendees-view-of-quality-in-community-based-day-centre-services-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities
#1
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Ann-Britt Ivarsson, Mikael Rask, David Brunt, Agneta Schröder
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based day centres in Sweden are well-established arenas for psychiatric rehabilitation, but little is known of the attendees' perception of the quality of the service provided. The aim of the study was thus to describe and investigate the quality of the services in community-based day centre for people with psychiatric disabilities. METHODS: A sample of 218 attendees in 14 community-based day centre services in Sweden completed the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA)...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140747/strategies-to-manage-activities-in-everyday-life-after-a-pain-rehabilitation-program
#2
Cecilia Kallhed, Lena Mårtensson
BACKGROUND: Owing to the complexity of the pain experience, it is important to understand how persons with chronic pain manage their condition, in order to provide an indication of how occupational therapists can enable participation in meaningful everyday activities during pain rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore how persons with chronic pain reason about their use and choice of strategies to manage activities of everyday life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to capture experiences of strategies employed to manage activities while living with chronic pain...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140737/the-caregivers-perspectives-of-burden-before-and-after-an-internet-based-intervention-of-young-persons-with-adhd-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Helena Söderqvist, Eklund Kajsa, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: Everyday life in a family with a young person with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is multifaceted and may be a burden to the caregivers. The aim was to explore experiences of the caregiver situation, and how they were affected when the young persons received Internet-Based Support and Coaching (IBSC). METHOD: A multiple descriptive case design was used. Ten caregivers of 10 young persons with ADHD and/or ASD participated, and completed a questionnaire, measuring caregiver burden...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140727/relational-interaction-in-occupational-therapy-conversation-analysis-of-positive-feedback
#4
Elina Weiste
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic relationship is an important factor for good therapy outcomes. The primary mediator of a beneficial therapy relationship is clinician-client interaction. However, few studies identify the observable interactional attributes of good quality relational interactions, e.g. offering the client positive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The present paper aims to expand current understanding of relational interaction by analyzing the real-time interactional practices therapists use for offering positive feedback, an important value in occupational therapy...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118772/the-unique-experience-of-home-for-parents-and-carers-of-children-with-disabilities
#5
Tammy Aplin, Heloise Thornton, Louise Gustafsson
The aim of this paper was to investigate the experience of home for parents and carers of children with disabilities in Australia. Data for this qualitative study were gathered using semi-structured interviews with four families living in their own homes. An inductive thematic analysis revealed two main themes. The first was titled 'Aspects making everyday life easier' explored the aspects of the home environment that facilitated home life for the child, including access to transport, services, family and home modifications...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118764/facilitators-for-traveling-with-local-public-transport-among-people-with-mild-cognitive-limitations-after-stroke
#6
Agneta Ståhl, Eva Månsson Lexell
INTRODUCTION: Previous research of how people with stroke manage public transport has mainly focused on barriers due to physical limitations whereas the influence of cognitive limitations is scarce. There is also a lack of knowledge of facilitators that can help to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to describe facilitators for travelling with public transport, e.g. local buses, among people with mild cognitive limitations after stroke. METHODS: A multiple case study research design was used, where quantitative and qualitative data were utilized, and analysed according to a mixed methods design...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114837/housing-accessibility-for-senior-citizens-in-sweden-estimation-of-the-effects-of-targeted-elimination-of-environmental-barriers
#7
Cecilia Pettersson, Björn Slaug, Marianne Granbom, Marianne Kylberg, Susanne Iwarsson
AIM: To estimate the effects of targeted elimination of environmental barriers (EB) in the ordinary housing stock in Sweden, and to explore the estimated effects on accessibility at a population level in relation to (a) residents with different functional profiles, (b) different housing types and (c) building periods. METHOD: Data on dwellings from existing Swedish research databases were utilized. EB and accessibility were assessed by means of the Housing Enabler instrument...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103728/occupational-problems-and-barriers-reported-by-individuals-with-obesity
#8
Randi Nossum, Ann-Elin Johansen, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: Even if occupational therapists meet many people with obesity in the course of their work, a majority of them do not seem to view weight management as within their area of professional practice. AIM: To explore the occupational problems and barriers among persons with severe obesity from an occupational therapy perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used the Canadian Model of Occupation and Engagement (CMOP-E) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to identify and analyze prioritized occupational performance problems and barriers perceived by 63 individuals with obesity...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077019/independence-proposing-an-initial-framework-for-occupational-therapy
#9
Bethan Collins
BACKGROUND: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice. AIM: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052711/-like-the-worst-toothache-you-ve-had-how-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-describe-and-manage-pain
#10
Maria Bergström, Inger Ahlstrand, Ingrid Thyberg, Torbjörn Falkmer, Björn Börsbo, Mathilda Björk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease often associated with disability. Despite new treatments, pain and activity limitations are still present. OBJECTIVES: To describe how persons with RA experience and manage pain in their daily life. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups (FGs) were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed four categories: 1) Pain expresses itself in different ways referred to pain as overwhelming, aching or as a feeling of stiffness...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052703/a-client-centred-programme-focusing-energy-conservation-for-people-with-heart-failure
#11
Eva-Britt Norberg, Britta Löfgren, Kurt Boman, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Brännström
AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe clients and occupational therapists (OTs) experiences of a home-based programme focusing energy conservation strategies (ECS) for clients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The programme, based on occupational therapy intervention process model (OTIPM), was led by two OTs in primary health care. Five clients' self-reported activities of daily living (ADL), fatigue, depression, goal achievements and use of ECS...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049384/assessment-of-clients-with-cognitive-impairments-a-survey-of-norwegian-occupational-therapists-in-municipal-practice
#12
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen
BACKGROUND: With the Coordination Reform Act initiated in 2012, Norwegian occupational therapists in municipal practice have been given responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. With emphasis on supporting best practice, the aim was to investigate the practice of Norwegian municipal occupational therapists (OTs) in their assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: An online questionnaire was used to collect data from 497 of 1367 OTs in Norwegian municipalities (RR = 36%) Results: The most frequently used methods were informal interviews (91%), observations (91%) and standardized assessments (73%)...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049364/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-finnish-version-of-the-impact-on-participation-and-autonomy-questionnaire-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Maarit E Karhula, Anna-Liisa Salminen, Päivi I Hämäläinen, Juhani Ruutiainen, Pertti Era, Asko Tolvanen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the impact on participation and autonomy (IPA) questionnaire. The Finnish version of IPA (IPAFin) was translated into Finnish using the protocol for linguistic validation for patient-reported outcomes instruments. METHODS: A total of 194 persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) (mean age 50 years SD 9, 72% female) with moderate to severe disability participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to confirm the four factor structure of the IPAFin...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996336/participation-and-occupation-in-occupational-therapy-models-of-practice-a-discussion-of-possibilities-and-challenges
#14
Maria Larsson-Lund, Anneli Nyman
BACKGROUND: Occupation has been the focus in occupational therapy practice to greater or lesser degrees from a historical viewpoint. This evokes a need to discuss whether concepts that are added to our field will enhance or blur our focus on occupation. AIM: To explore how the concept of participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is related to the concept of occupation by reviewing and comparing its use in three models of practice within occupational therapy...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960603/elderly-people-s-perceptions-of-using-wii-sports-bowling-a-qualitative-study
#15
Fredrik Glännfjord, Helena Hemmingsson, Åsa Larsson Ranada
The Nintendo Wii is a gaming console with motion-sensitive controls that is making inroads into health care and rehabilitation. However, there is still limited knowledge on how elderly people perceive the use of such a product. The aim of this study was to examine how the use of the Wii Sports Bowling in an activity group was perceived by elderly people. The data consisted of observations and interviews with participants who used Wii Sports Bowling and was analysed with content analysis. The findings are described in three themes; 'The use of the Wii Sports game', 'Engagement in the game' and 'Social interaction around the activity'...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919206/differences-and-similarities-in-therapeutic-mode-use-between-occupational-therapists-and-occupational-therapy-students-in-norway
#16
Tove Carstensen, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The Intentional Relationship Model (IRM) is a new model of the therapeutic relationship in occupational therapy practice. Two previous studies have focused on therapist communication style, or 'mode' use, but to date no group comparisons have been reported. AIM: To explore differences between occupational therapists and occupational therapy students with regard to their therapeutic mode use. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design, and convenience samples consisting of occupational therapists (n = 109) and of second-year occupational therapy students (n = 96) were recruited...
December 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#17
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686578/domestic-work-division-and-satisfaction-in-cohabiting-adults-associations-with-life-satisfaction-and-self-rated-health
#18
Petra Wagman, Maria Nordin, Lars Alfredsson, Peter J M Westerholm, Eleonor I Fransson
BACKGROUND: The amount and perception of domestic work may affect satisfaction with everyday life, but further knowledge is needed about the relationship between domestic work division and health and well-being. AIM: To describe the division of, and satisfaction with, domestic work and responsibility for home/family in adults living with a partner. A further aim was to investigate the associations between these aspects and self-rated life satisfaction and health...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686477/occupational-identity-of-adolescents-with-adhd-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Nirit Levanon-Erez, Maayan Cohen, Ruthie Traub Bar-Ilan, Adina Maeir
BACKGROUND: Occupational identity (OI) is shaped by occupational experiences over time and has been studied among individuals with a variety of health conditions. Adolescents with ADHD face numerous challenges in their occupational performance that may threaten their OI. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the occupational identities of adolescents with and without ADHD and to gain a deeper understanding of the characteristics of OI among adolescents with ADHD...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677343/living-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-jordanian-perspective
#20
Mohammad S Nazzal, Hanan Khalil
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a major impact on mobility, as well as cognition which can consequently impair aspects of individual's lives. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with PD and its impact on their daily lives. None of these studies have explored the life experiences of Jordanian individuals living with PD. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the daily living experiences and impact on lives of Jordanian individuals with PD...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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