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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320253/exploring-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-from-an-occupational-perspective
#1
Miranda Jane Cunningham, Anita Slade
Working in homelessness is a growing area of practice for occupational therapists, however, there is limited literature on the lived experiences of homelessness and occupational engagement Study aim: To explore the lived experience of homeless men in relation to how they engaged in day-to-day occupations when sleeping rough or hostel dwelling Methods: Data were gathered from five men residing in a homeless hostel in the UK. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and photographic diaries. Data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Results: Participants described their experiences of occupational engagement whilst sleeping on the streets which included engaging in survival occupations, the significance of apparently ordinary occupations and moving beyond survival occupations...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276960/effectiveness-of-a-self-regulated-remedial-program-for-handwriting-difficulties
#2
Hilde Van Waelvelde, Amy De Roubaix, Lien Steppe, Evy Troubleyn, Barbara De Mey, Griet Dewitte, Julie Debrabant, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Handwriting difficulties may have pervasive effects on a child's school performance. I Can! is a remedial handwriting program with a focus on self-regulated learning and applying motor learning principles combined with a behavioural approach. It is developed for typically developing children with handwriting problems. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to evaluate the program's effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children aged 7-8 year participated in a cross-over study...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276962/occupational-imbalance-and-the-role-of-perceived-stress-in-predicting-stress-related-disorders
#3
Carita Håkansson, Gunnar Ahlborg
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders are the main reason for sick leave in many European countries. The aim of the present study was to explore whether perceived occupational imbalance predicts stress-related disorders, potential gender differences, and to explore the mediating role of perceived stress. METHOD: Longitudinal data on 2223 employees in a public organization in Sweden were collected by surveys, and analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Occupational imbalance predicted stress-related disorders among both women and men...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276961/skill-clusters-of-ability-to-manage-everyday-technology-among-people-with-and-without-cognitive-impairment-dementia-and-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Camilla Malinowsky, Mandana Fallahpour, Maria Larsson Lund, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: In order to develop supporting interventions for people demonstrating problems ET use, a detailed level of description of strengths and deficits is needed. AIMS: To explore clusters of specific performance skill required when using ET, and to evaluate if and in what way such clusters are associated with age, gender, diagnosis, and types of ETs managed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of 661 data records from 203 heterogeneous samples of participants using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) was used...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276963/sensor-technology-more-than-a-support
#5
Anna Olsson, Ann-Christine Persson, Aniko Bartfai, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: This interview study is a part of a project that evaluated sensor technology as a support in everyday activities for patients with memory impairment. AIM: To explore patients with memory impairment and their partners' experiences of using sensor technology in their homes. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Five patients with memory impairment after stroke and three partners were interviewed. Individual semi-structured interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
February 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276964/occupational-engagement-and-cognitive-functioning-among-persons-with-schizophrenia-an-explorative-study
#6
Annika Lexén, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functioning may have implications for engagement in daily occupations among people with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study explores relationships between time use assessed occupational engagement and cognitive functioning among persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants from four mental health care services in Sweden participated. The Profile of Occupational Engagement among persons with Severe mental illness (POES) and a cognitive test battery was used...
February 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276965/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145145/the-attendees-view-of-quality-in-community-based-day-centre-services-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities
#8
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Ann-Britt Ivarsson, Mikael Rask, David Brunt, Agneta Schröder
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based day centres in Sweden are well-established arenas for psychiatric rehabilitation, but little is known of the attendees' perception of the quality of the service provided. The aim of the study was thus to describe and investigate the quality of the services in community-based day centre for people with psychiatric disabilities. METHODS: A sample of 218 attendees in 14 community-based day centre services in Sweden completed the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA)...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140747/strategies-to-manage-activities-in-everyday-life-after-a-pain-rehabilitation-program
#9
Cecilia Kallhed, Lena Mårtensson
BACKGROUND: Owing to the complexity of the pain experience, it is important to understand how persons with chronic pain manage their condition, in order to provide an indication of how occupational therapists can enable participation in meaningful everyday activities during pain rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore how persons with chronic pain reason about their use and choice of strategies to manage activities of everyday life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to capture experiences of strategies employed to manage activities while living with chronic pain...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140737/the-caregivers-perspectives-of-burden-before-and-after-an-internet-based-intervention-of-young-persons-with-adhd-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Helena Söderqvist, Eklund Kajsa, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: Everyday life in a family with a young person with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is multifaceted and may be a burden to the caregivers. The aim was to explore experiences of the caregiver situation, and how they were affected when the young persons received Internet-Based Support and Coaching (IBSC). METHOD: A multiple descriptive case design was used. Ten caregivers of 10 young persons with ADHD and/or ASD participated, and completed a questionnaire, measuring caregiver burden...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140727/relational-interaction-in-occupational-therapy-conversation-analysis-of-positive-feedback
#11
Elina Weiste
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic relationship is an important factor for good therapy outcomes. The primary mediator of a beneficial therapy relationship is clinician-client interaction. However, few studies identify the observable interactional attributes of good quality relational interactions, e.g. offering the client positive feedback. OBJECTIVE: The present paper aims to expand current understanding of relational interaction by analyzing the real-time interactional practices therapists use for offering positive feedback, an important value in occupational therapy...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118772/the-unique-experience-of-home-for-parents-and-carers-of-children-with-disabilities
#12
Tammy Aplin, Heloise Thornton, Louise Gustafsson
The aim of this paper was to investigate the experience of home for parents and carers of children with disabilities in Australia. Data for this qualitative study were gathered using semi-structured interviews with four families living in their own homes. An inductive thematic analysis revealed two main themes. The first was titled 'Aspects making everyday life easier' explored the aspects of the home environment that facilitated home life for the child, including access to transport, services, family and home modifications...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118764/facilitators-for-traveling-with-local-public-transport-among-people-with-mild-cognitive-limitations-after-stroke
#13
Agneta Ståhl, Eva Månsson Lexell
INTRODUCTION: Previous research of how people with stroke manage public transport has mainly focused on barriers due to physical limitations whereas the influence of cognitive limitations is scarce. There is also a lack of knowledge of facilitators that can help to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to describe facilitators for travelling with public transport, e.g. local buses, among people with mild cognitive limitations after stroke. METHODS: A multiple case study research design was used, where quantitative and qualitative data were utilized, and analysed according to a mixed methods design...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114837/housing-accessibility-for-senior-citizens-in-sweden-estimation-of-the-effects-of-targeted-elimination-of-environmental-barriers
#14
Cecilia Pettersson, Björn Slaug, Marianne Granbom, Marianne Kylberg, Susanne Iwarsson
AIM: To estimate the effects of targeted elimination of environmental barriers (EB) in the ordinary housing stock in Sweden, and to explore the estimated effects on accessibility at a population level in relation to (a) residents with different functional profiles, (b) different housing types and (c) building periods. METHOD: Data on dwellings from existing Swedish research databases were utilized. EB and accessibility were assessed by means of the Housing Enabler instrument...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103728/occupational-problems-and-barriers-reported-by-individuals-with-obesity
#15
Randi Nossum, Ann-Elin Johansen, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: Even if occupational therapists meet many people with obesity in the course of their work, a majority of them do not seem to view weight management as within their area of professional practice. AIM: To explore the occupational problems and barriers among persons with severe obesity from an occupational therapy perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used the Canadian Model of Occupation and Engagement (CMOP-E) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to identify and analyze prioritized occupational performance problems and barriers perceived by 63 individuals with obesity...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077019/independence-proposing-an-initial-framework-for-occupational-therapy
#16
Bethan Collins
BACKGROUND: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice. AIM: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052711/-like-the-worst-toothache-you-ve-had-how-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-describe-and-manage-pain
#17
Maria Bergström, Inger Ahlstrand, Ingrid Thyberg, Torbjörn Falkmer, Björn Börsbo, Mathilda Björk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease often associated with disability. Despite new treatments, pain and activity limitations are still present. OBJECTIVES: To describe how persons with RA experience and manage pain in their daily life. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups (FGs) were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed four categories: 1) Pain expresses itself in different ways referred to pain as overwhelming, aching or as a feeling of stiffness...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052703/a-client-centred-programme-focusing-energy-conservation-for-people-with-heart-failure
#18
Eva-Britt Norberg, Britta Löfgren, Kurt Boman, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Brännström
AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe clients and occupational therapists (OTs) experiences of a home-based programme focusing energy conservation strategies (ECS) for clients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The programme, based on occupational therapy intervention process model (OTIPM), was led by two OTs in primary health care. Five clients' self-reported activities of daily living (ADL), fatigue, depression, goal achievements and use of ECS...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049384/assessment-of-clients-with-cognitive-impairments-a-survey-of-norwegian-occupational-therapists-in-municipal-practice
#19
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen
BACKGROUND: With the Coordination Reform Act initiated in 2012, Norwegian occupational therapists in municipal practice have been given responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. With emphasis on supporting best practice, the aim was to investigate the practice of Norwegian municipal occupational therapists (OTs) in their assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: An online questionnaire was used to collect data from 497 of 1367 OTs in Norwegian municipalities (RR = 36%) Results: The most frequently used methods were informal interviews (91%), observations (91%) and standardized assessments (73%)...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049364/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-finnish-version-of-the-impact-on-participation-and-autonomy-questionnaire-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Maarit E Karhula, Anna-Liisa Salminen, Päivi I Hämäläinen, Juhani Ruutiainen, Pertti Era, Asko Tolvanen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the impact on participation and autonomy (IPA) questionnaire. The Finnish version of IPA (IPAFin) was translated into Finnish using the protocol for linguistic validation for patient-reported outcomes instruments. METHODS: A total of 194 persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) (mean age 50 years SD 9, 72% female) with moderate to severe disability participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to confirm the four factor structure of the IPAFin...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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