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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Tove Lise Nielsen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Janni Strøm, Monica Milters Ehlers, Merete Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence-based knowledge about the effectiveness of home-based OT for older adults aimed at improving occupational performance by practicing activities and tasks. AIM: This review synthesizes and discusses evidence for the effectiveness of occupation-focused and occupation-based OT for older adults at home. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Peer-reviewed quantitative papers were included. PARTICIPANTS:  ≥ 60-year-old adults with functional limitations...
October 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Benjamin Milbourn, Beverley McNamara, Angus Buchanan
BACKGROUND/AIM: People with severe mental illness (SMI) do not receive adequate attention in research or clinical practice. They are considered hard to reach and difficult to engage. Information is needed to help provide support for this vulnerable population. This paper aims to investigate the well-being of adults diagnosed with SMI and receiving Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) by applying the occupational well-being framework to the everyday activities of this vulnerable group of people...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alexandra Lecours, Pierre-Yves Therriault
BACKGROUND: Preventive behaviour is a significant intervention target in order to promote health at work, but has never been discussed in an occupational perspective. AIM: To clarify the concept of preventive behaviour at work. METHODS: The Walker and Avant (2011) method was used to conduct the study. RESULTS: The attributes of the concept are: (1) compliance with safety rules and procedures, (2) proactivity, participation, engagement and initiatives related to prevention, (3) maintenance of physical environment, (4) concern for social environment and (5) reflexivity and analytical skills of work situations...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Eilish King, Theresa Okodogbe, Eilish Burke, Mary McCarron, Philip McCallion, Mary Ann O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: As adults with intellectual disability (ID) in Ireland move to the community from residential settings, the changed environment is intended to increase opportunities for occupational engagement, autonomy and social relationships. It is important to consider how increased resources and opportunities available within the community can be optimized to promote engagement and quality of life. AIMS: This paper investigates if and how ADL and IADL performance of people ageing with ID is related to place of residence...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mohammad S Nazzal, Hanan Khalil
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a major impact on mobility, as well as cognition which can consequently impair aspects of individual's lives. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with PD and its impact on their daily lives. None of these studies have explored the life experiences of Jordanian individuals living with PD. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the daily living experiences and impact on lives of Jordanian individuals with PD...
September 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vanessa Greco, Heather Christine Lambert, Melissa Park
BACKGROUND: Recovery-oriented mental health services empower all clients, including youth and their families, to be actively involved in directing their own care. In order to develop person-driven interventions, clinicians must understand what matters from their perspective. Thus, recovery-oriented assessments need self-report measures that adequately capture the domains and content that matter to a range of particular persons. AIM: This study examined if and how PhotoVoice, a participatory research method used to empower and highlight the unique experiences of vulnerable groups, could be used as a recovery-oriented self-report measure for children with a mental health disorder...
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Bianca J Van Keulen-Rouweler, Ingrid H W M Sturkenboom, Anders Kottorp, Maud J L Graff, Maria W G M Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, Esther M J Steultjens
BACKGROUND: The Perceive, Recall, Plan & Perform (PRPP) system of task analysis might be feasible to evaluate occupational performance and information processing strategies for persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: To evaluate: (1) the random error between raters (inter-rater study), (2) the random error within raters (intra-rater study), and (3) the internal consistency of the PRPP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: (1) video-recorded performance of meaningful activities of 13 Dutch persons with PD, scored independently by 38 Dutch PRPP trained occupational therapists were included in the analysis...
September 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marie Jönsson, Peter Appelros, Carin Fredriksson
OBJECTIVE: To compare ADL, cognitive function, risk of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls in older people readmitted to hospital. METHODS: This was a comparative study. Persons ≥ 75 years, who were readmitted to hospital, were assessed using the ADL-taxonomy and the Mini Mental State Examination. Risks of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls were assessed using Risk Assessment Pressure Sores, Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment and Downton Fall Risk Index...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Lena Mårtensson, Birgitha Archenholtz
BACKGROUND: Habits are building blocks for occupation. If they are not explicitly approached, a vital aspect of occupation may be left out. Knowledge is lacking about how habits are understood and approached in occupational therapy practice. AIM: To explore occupational therapists' perceptions of habits based on their professional experiences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative design with a focus group methodology was used. The qualitative data analysis was based on five focus group discussions, including 34 occupational therapists...
September 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Hanne Peoples, Åse Brandt, Eva E Wæhrens, Karen la Cour
BACKGROUND: People with advanced cancer are able to live for extended periods of time. Advanced cancer can cause functional limitations influencing the ability to manage occupations. Although studies have shown that people with advanced cancer experience occupational difficulties, there is only limited research that specifically explores how these occupational difficulties are managed. OBJECTIVE: To describe and explore how people with advanced cancer manage occupations when living at home...
August 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mona Eklund, Kristina Orban, Elisabeth Argentzell, Ulrika Bejerholm, Carina Tjörnstrand, Lena-Karin Erlandsson, Carita Håkansson
Patterns of daily occupations (PDO) and occupational balance (OB) are recurring phenomena in the literature. Both are related with health and well-being, which makes them central in occupational therapy practice and occupational science. The aim was to review how PDO and OB are described in the literature, to propose a view of how the two constructs may be linked, and elaborate on how such a view may benefit occupational science and occupational therapy. The literature was analysed by latent and manifest content analysis and comparative analysis...
August 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Farzaneh Yazdani, Tove Carstensen, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The Intentional Relationship Model is specifically focused on the relational aspect of therapy. The model describes six therapeutic modes; these represent different types of interaction for the therapist. However, preferences for therapeutic mode use are under researched. AIMS: This study aims to describe preferences for therapeutic modes in undergraduate occupational therapy students, as well as to explore factors associated to each of the therapeutic modes...
August 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mona Eklund, Lisa Eklund
BACKGROUND: Day centres can prepare for open-market employment, and attendees' work motivation is key in this. AIMS: Adopting a gender perspective, this study investigated (1) motivation for day centre attendance, satisfaction with the day centre services, number of hours spent there, and number and type of occupations performed; and (2) whether those factors were related with motivation for open-market employment. METHODS: Women (n = 164) and men (n = 160) with psychiatric disabilities completed self-report questionnaires...
August 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
R Ghysels, E Vanroye, M Westhovens, A Spooren
BACKGROUND: In order to enhance occupational therapy reasoning in clinical practice, different elements such as client-centred approach, evidence-based care and interdisciplinary work should be taken into account, but is a challenge. AIM: To describe the development of the digital Hasselt Occupational Performance Profile (H-OPP(©)) that enhances occupational therapy reasoning from ICF perspective. METHOD: A participative qualitative design was used to create the H-OPP(©) in an iterative way in which occupational therapy lectures, ICF experts, students and occupational therapists in the field were involved...
August 17, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Petra Wagman, Maria Nordin, Lars Alfredsson, Peter J M Westerholm, Eleonor I Fransson
BACKGROUND: The amount and perception of domestic work may affect satisfaction with everyday life, but further knowledge is needed about the relationship between domestic work division and health and well-being. AIM: To describe the division of, and satisfaction with, domestic work and responsibility for home/family in adults living with a partner. A further aim was to investigate the associations between these aspects and self-rated life satisfaction and health...
August 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Nirit Levanon-Erez, Maayan Cohen, Ruthie Traub Bar-Ilan, Adina Maeir
BACKGROUND: Occupational identity (OI) is shaped by occupational experiences over time and has been studied among individuals with a variety of health conditions. Adolescents with ADHD face numerous challenges in their occupational performance that may threaten their OI. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the occupational identities of adolescents with and without ADHD and to gain a deeper understanding of the characteristics of OI among adolescents with ADHD...
August 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anne-Le Morville, Lena-Karin Erlandsson
BACKGROUND: There are challenging methodological issues in obtaining valid and reliable results on which to base occupational therapy interventions for ethnic minorities. The aim of this scoping review is to describe the methodological problems within occupational therapy research, when ethnic minorities are included. METHOD: A thorough literature search yielded 21 articles obtained from the scientific databases PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science and PsychInfo. Analysis followed Arksey and O'Malley's framework for scoping reviews, applying content analysis...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tore Bonsaksen, Mary V Donohue, Robert Malcolm Milligan
BACKGROUND: During the curriculum, occupational therapy students learn to administer a range of assessment procedures. Interrater agreement between occupational therapy students' ratings of group functioning has not yet been examined. AIMS: To examine the interrater agreement within groups of students' ratings using the Social Profile. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The Social Profile assesses the social interaction behaviours in activity groups, and 35 students completed the measure...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Thomas Johansen, Arvid Skjerve, Chris Jensen, Winand H Dittrich, Irene Øyeflaten
BACKGROUND: Individuals on long-term sick leave attending occupational rehabilitation often complain about impairments in cognitive functions such as memory and attention. Knowledge of cognitive functioning in these individuals is limited. Such knowledge is clinically relevant for improving occupational rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this feasibility study were to assess the methodological design and to investigate changes in memory and attention on participants during occupational rehabilitation...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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