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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Kiah L Evans, Jeannine Millsteed, Janet E Richmond, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Sonya J Girdler
Women combining paid employment with dual caring responsibilities for children and aging parents, otherwise known as the sandwich generation, experience both benefits and costs related to role participation and quality of life. However, previous literature is inconclusive regarding the impact of this role combination on role balance. In the context of these mixed findings on role balance for working sandwich generation women, this study aimed to explore how within role characteristics and between role interactions are related to role balance for these women...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Yu-Chien Chang, Chih-Hsuan Chen, Pai-Chuan Huang, Ling-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability characterized by deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. Existing literature on social relationships and well-being among adolescents with ASD in Asian countries is scant. AIMS: This study compared the perceptions of adolescents with ASD with those of their neurotypical peers toward their friendship quality, activity participation, and emotional well-being, and examined the relationships between friendship quality, activity participation, and emotional well-being...
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Julia J Sterman, Geraldine A Naughton, Anita C Bundy, Elspeth Froude, Michelle A Villeneuve
BACKGROUND: Despite indisputable developmental benefits of outdoor play, children with disabilities can experience play inequity. Play decisions are multifactorial; influenced by children's skills and their familial and community environments. Government agencies have responsibilities for equity and inclusion of people with disabilities; including in play. AIM: This multiple-perspective case study aimed to understand outdoor play decision-making for children with disabilities from the perspectives and interactions of: local government and families of primary school-aged children with disabilities...
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Peter Bontje, Sissel Alsaker, Eric Asaba, Anders Kottorp, Staffan Josephsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for in-depth understanding of how elderly persons resume their occupations while recovering from physical disabilities in their home and community. The aim of this study was to explore and understand how engaging in occupations unfolded over time for some older persons with physical disabilities in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this narrative-in-action study four elderly participants were recruited following a mixed purposive and convenience sampling method...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sanetta H J Du Toit, Xizi Shen, Margaret McGrath
BACKGROUND: People with moderate to advanced dementia living in residential care are at risk of occupational deprivation. Person-centered care has been adopted as a guiding principle in the provision of residential care for older adults with dementia. In this context, there has been shift in occupational therapy practice from addressing occupational performance towards focusing on meaningful engagement. While both meaningful engagement and person-centered care have been well researched the relationship between the two concepts is poorly understood...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund
BACKGROUND: The practice of Norwegian occupational therapists (OTs) in municipal practice is a little explored area and with the Coordination Reform Act from 2012, Norwegian OTs in municipal practice have received responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. The aim of this study was to explore municipal OTs experiences with assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: Fourteen individual interviews with OTs who worked with clients with cognitive impairments, were conducted...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Riitta Kärkkäinen, Terhi Saaranen, Kimmo Räsänen
BACKGROUND: Occupational health care supports return to work in cases of burnout; however, there is little research on return-to-work practices. AIM: To describe occupational health care return-to-work practices for workers with burnout and to identify potential for the development of the practices. METHODS: Open-ended interviews and essays were used to collect data from 25 occupational health care professionals. A qualitative content analysis method was used...
February 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tore Bonsaksen, Farzaneh Yazdani
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapy has long emphasized the concepts doing, being, becoming and belonging, and a notion of balance between them. Measures of these concepts are in a developing stage. AIM: This study aimed to develop and examine the properties of the Norwegian version of the Occupational Wholeness Questionnaire (N-OWQ), which is proposed to measure being, becoming, and belonging, in addition to occupational wholeness as a higher-order concept. METHODS: An anonymous sample of 248 persons over the age of 18 years completed the N-OWQ along with sociodemographic information...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tove Lise Nielsen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Helene Polatajko, Claus Vinther Nielsen
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in enabling older adults' occupational performance. We tested whether 11 weeks of intensive client-centred occupational therapy (ICC-OT) was superior to usual practice in improving the occupational performance of home-dwelling older adults. METHODS: An assessor-masked randomized controlled trial among adults 60 + with chronic health issues, who received or applied for homecare services. Recruitment took place September 2012 to April 2014...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Louise Klokker, Susanne Guidetti, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop evidence-based occupational therapy programs aiming at enhancing the ability to perform Activities of Daily Living (ADL) among persons living with chronic conditions. Information from different sources is to be integrated in the development process. Thus, it is necessary to engage both occupational therapists and persons living with chronic conditions in suggesting ideas on how to enhance the ADL ability. OBJECTIVE: To identify, organize and prioritize ideas on how to enhance ability to perform ADL in persons with chronic conditions...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Aila Pikkarainen, Katja Vähäsantanen, Susanna Paloniemi, Anneli Eteläpelto
AIMS: This study investigated the individual rehabilitation agency of older adults in a one-year group-based gerontological rehabilitation context. Here, rehabilitation agency is understood as being manifested when older adults make choices and decisions regarding their everyday lives, including notions of themselves. METHODS: The data were obtained via non-participant observation of the final individual goal evaluation sessions of 38 older adults with their personal counselor...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Nerida Hyett, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists' are increasingly working with communities and providing services at the community level. There is, however, a lack of conceptual frameworks to guide this work. AIM: The aim of this article is to present a new conceptual framework for community-centered practice in occupational therapy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The conceptual framework was developed from qualitative multi-case research on exemplars of community participation...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vera C Kaelin, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Brigitte E Gantschnig, Anne G Fisher
BACKGROUND: There are no validated assessment tools for evaluating quality of schoolwork task performance of children living in German-speaking Europe (GSE). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the international age-normative means of the School Version of the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (School AMPS) are valid for use in GSE. METHODS: The participants were 159 typically-developing children, 3-12 years, from GSE. We examined the proportions of School AMPS measures falling within ±2 standard deviation (SD) of the international age-normative means, and evaluated for significant group differences (p < 0...
January 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Areskoug-Josefsson, Sofi Fristedt
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important issue in daily life, but little is known about occupational therapy (OT) students' views on these matters. AIM: To explore occupational therapy students' views on addressing sexual health in their future professional role. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study involving 37 OT students in 5 focus groups was performed and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: Three categories: 'Sexual health is part of occupational therapy and but not of the OT educational program'; 'Need for knowledge to identify and intervene related to sexual health problems'; and finally, 'Communication about sexual health-unknown, untried, but necessary', formed the theme, 'Willing to try, wanting to know more, and recognizing not only the difficulties and challenges but also the importance of sexual health in OT practice'...
December 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Clarice Ribeiro Soares Araújo, Ana Amélia Cardoso, Lívia de Castro Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) have difficulties performing daily activities which reflects negatively on participation, impacting their lives. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of the cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance Approach (CO-OP Approach) protocol on occupational performance and satisfaction of Brazilian children who have DCD; to examine whether children could transfer strategies and skills learned during CO-OP to untrained goals...
December 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Agneta Ståhl, Eva Månsson Lexell
INTRODUCTION: Previous research of how people with stroke manage public transport has mainly focused on barriers due to physical limitations whereas the influence of cognitive limitations is scarce. There is also a lack of knowledge of facilitators that can help to overcome these barriers. The aim of this study was to describe facilitators for travelling with public transport, e.g. local buses, among people with mild cognitive limitations after stroke. METHODS: A multiple case study research design was used, where quantitative and qualitative data were utilized, and analysed according to a mixed methods design...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Carla Chidu, Lorraine Carter, Alicia McDougall, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify and review the most cited articles in the occupational therapy field. METHODS: Using the multi-disciplinary Publish or Perish software to extract data, the top 50 lifetime and annual cited articles were examined. Studies were organized according to the following: year of publication, design, topic, number of authors, country of publication, and number of citations for each cohort. RESULTS: We found that randomized control trials were the dominant design type used in papers with the most lifetime (36...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Danielle Hitch, Genevieve Pepin, Karen Stagnitti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Wilcock's Occupational Perspective of Health (OPH) aligns with the profession's re-discovery of its holistic, occupationally focused roots. Its dimensions of occupation-doing, being, becoming and belonging - resonate strongly with therapists on an intuitive, implicit level. However, its documented use in practice to date has been sparse, and several barriers to its implementation have been identified. The aim of this article is to present a renewal of the OPH - the Pan Occupational Paradigm (POP)...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Orit Lahav, Noa Daniely, Shira Yalon-Chamovitz
BACKGROUND: Service-learning (SL) is commonly used in Occupational Therapy (OT) programs worldwide as a community placement educational strategy. However, most SL models are not clearly defined in terms of both methodology and learning outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This longitudinal study explores a structured model of Service-Learning (Interpersonal Social Responsibility-Service Learning: ISR-SL) aimed towards the development of professional identity among OT students...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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