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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Sofia Nissmark, Agneta Malmgren Fänge
BACKGROUND: Today people can live a long time with a chronic cancer diagnosis, and it affects the entire family. Family members to patients in palliative care often have to leave valued occupations due to lack of time and energy, while new roles are forced upon them, potentially affecting their health. OBJECTIVE: To explore occupational balance, needs and roles among family members to persons in palliative care. METHODS: Six semi-structured interviews were conducted with family members to terminally ill persons enrolled to specialized palliative care...
July 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Catherine Swift, Clare Hocking, Annette Dickinson, Margaret Jones
BACKGROUND: When a parent has chronic pain, family communication can become strained. Clinicians are encouraged to identify and support families struggling with open communication. Occupational therapists are commonly involved in the provision of pain management services but their role in facilitating open communication in families affected by this condition has not been clearly articulated. OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive understanding of what is being done and/or thought to be helpful for facilitating open communication in families affected by chronic pain, in order to articulate the role of occupational therapy in this area of care...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Louise Ranehov, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, no research of the work situation of full-time, paid, parental HC assistants has been done. AIM: To examine how parents experienced their work as HC assistants for their chronic disabled child. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews based on the Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS-S) were done with nine mothers who had a child aged 8-17 years old with a cognitive or/and physical chronic disability. Content analysis was used with the Model Of Human Occupation as a framework...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Adora Chui, Daniela Mazzitti, Emily Nalder, Debra Cameron, Helene J Polatajko, Deirdre R Dawson
BACKGROUND: The CO-OP ApproachTM has been increasingly used in research and practice, yet its critical elements and implementation challenges are largely undescribed. Obtaining therapists' perspectives on CO-OP may reveal insights into potential critical and mediating factors. AIM/OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of CO-OP therapists by understanding their perceptions on the approach compared with conventional practice, and by identifying mediating factors in its implementation...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Thomas Ballmer, Tina Helle, Rina Juel Kaptain, Camilla Malinowsky, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: The trend towards telemedicine increasingly requires clients to manage everyday technology (ET) to access and use health services. The Management of Everday Technology Assessment (META) is an observation-based instrument developed to evaluate the ability to manage ET. AIM: To examine test-retest (TRR) and inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the Danish translation of the META for older adults with and without COPD. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 47 older adults with COPD (n = 23) and without (n = 24) were recruited...
July 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Chia-Wei Fan, Riitta Keponen, Sanna Piikki, Hector W H Tsang, Evguenia S Popova, Renee Taylor
BACKGROUND: The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is a widely used conceptual practice model in Finland. Therefore, Finnish translations of valid and reliable MOHO assessments are needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Finnish translation of the Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skills (ACIS-FI) using the many-facet Rasch model approach. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-eight occupational therapists completed an in-person training workshop on the ACIS-FI and participated as raters in this study...
June 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Victoria Goodman, Brooke Wardrope, Suzanne Myers, Shelly Cohen, Lisa McCorquodale, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an emergent construct with implications for our understanding of approaches to engagement in human occupation. Little is known about how mindfulness is being applied and what its possibilities are in the occupation-based disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize, describe, and identify gaps in the existing literature on mindfulness in relation to human occupation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A scoping review, guided by Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework was undertaken...
June 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Margarita Mondaca, Staffan Josephsson, Lena Borell, Arlene Katz, Lena Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global and local policy frameworks that explicitly aim to privilege participation and active engagement of older adults living in nursing homes, this group often has limited possibilities to engage in occupations and to have influence in their everyday lives. AIM: To explore how older adults' engagement and influence in an occupation can emerge in everyday life in a nursing home setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A participatory qualitative approach was applied...
June 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND: Journals are currently assessed and ranked using a number of different quantitative performance metrics. AIM: To compare and correlate the publication metrics of English-language occupational therapy journals published in 2015. METHOD: Bibliometric data was sourced for 14 English-language occupational therapy journals including the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2-year impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (EFS), Article Influence Score (AIS), Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), Scopus Citescore, and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Lisette Farias, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Nick Pollard, Sandra Schiller, Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Kerry Thomas, Hanneke van Bruggen
BACKGROUND: Calls for embracing the potential and responsibility of occupational therapy to address socio-political conditions that perpetuate occupational injustices have materialized in the literature. However, to reach beyond traditional frameworks informing practices, this social agenda requires the incorporation of diverse epistemological and methodological approaches to support action commensurate with social transformative goals. AIM: Our intent is to present a methodological approach that can help extend the ways of thinking or frameworks used in occupational therapy and science to support the ongoing development of practices with and for individuals and collectives affected by marginalizing conditions...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kajsa Lidström Holmqvist, Marie Holmefur
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of occupation-focused instruments to assess Activities of Daily Living (ADL) that are intended for persons with mental disorders. The ADL Taxonomy is an instrument that is widely-used within clinical practice for persons with physical impairment. The aim of this study was to adapt the ADL Taxonomy for persons with mental disorders and evaluate its validity. METHODS: An expert group of Occupational Therapists (OTs) from psychiatric care adapted the ADL Taxonomy to fit the client group, including creating three new items...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ann Kårefjärd, Lena Nordgren
BACKGROUND: People with dementia often have a poor quality of life. Therefore, methods that can improve their life situation must be identified. One promising method is dog-assisted intervention. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of dog-assisted intervention on quality of life in nursing home residents with dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A one-group, pretest post-test study design was used. Quality of life was measured using the QUALID in 59 nursing home residents prior to and after a dog-assisted intervention...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anette Enemark Larsen, Helene Nyborg Adamsen, Sarah Boots, Emma Caecilie Guttzeit Delkus, Louise Lunde Pedersen, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, the cost of healthcare services comprise 12% of the gross domestic product. A recommended method for optimizing effectiveness of and enhance client satisfaction with healthcare is client-centred practice (CCP), a central component of occupational therapy ideology. However, Danish occupational therapists' perceptions of CCP, including the facilitators and barriers that may contribute to CCP, have never been examined. AIM: To examine Danish occupational therapists' perceptions of CCP...
April 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethical decision-making is an important aspect of reasoning in occupational therapy practice. However, the process of ethical decision-making within the broader context of reasoning is yet to be clearly explicated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to advance a theoretical understanding of the process by which occupational therapists make ethical decisions in day-to-day practice. METHOD: A constructivist grounded theory approach was adopted, incorporating in-depth semi-structured interviews with 18 occupational therapists from a range of practice settings and years of experience...
April 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Dorothy Kessler, Ian Walker, Katrine Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Egan
BACKGROUND: Client-centred goal setting is central to the process of enabling occupation. Yet, there are multiple barriers to incorporating client-centred goal setting in practice. We sought to determine what might facilitate or impede the formation of client-centred goals in a context highly supportive of client-centred goal setting Methods: We used conversational analysis to examine goal-setting conversations that took place during a pilot trial of Occupational Performance Coaching for stroke survivors...
April 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Kirsi Ahola, Teija Kivekäs, Mika Kivimäki, Aki Koskinen, Marianna Virtanen
Backround: Little is known about treatment and rehabilitation received and planned among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. AIMS: To examine the implemented psychotherapeutic and vocational interventions and treatment plans among young adults with work disability due to a mental disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from medical records of young Finnish adults aged 18-34 with a long-term work disability history due to a mental disorder (N = 1163)...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Gunnel Kristina Janeslätt, Kajsa Lidström Holmqvist, Suzanne White, Marie Holmefur
BACKGROUND: Persons with impaired time management skills are often in need of occupational therapy. Valid and reliable instruments to assess time management and organizational skills are needed for the evaluation of intervention. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS-S) for persons with and without impaired time management skills. METHOD: A total of 238 persons participated in the study, of whom 94 had self-reported impaired time management skills due to mental disorders such as schizophrenic spectrum or neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and mild intellectual disabilities, and 144 persons had no reported impaired time management skills...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Stefan Widerberg, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: The aim was to explore the experiences and views of people attending day centers for people with psychiatric disabilities concerning the occurrence and nature of gendering of the occupations performed there. METHODS: Twenty-five day center attendees were interviewed regarding occupational choices at the day centers, whether they would describe day center occupations as gendered, and if so what the consequences were of the gendering of occupations. The transcribed texts were analyzed by thematic analysis...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marjorie Désormeaux-Moreau, Nadine Larivière, Ginette Aubin
RATIONALE: As more individuals with mental disorders now live in the community and as the custodial care housing model has shifted to supported housing, home safety has become a rising issue, however, not well documented. OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenon of home safety for people with a mental disorder as well as its contributing factors. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design was used. Individual interviews were conducted with persons with a mental disorder (n = 8), while focus groups were conducted with relatives, health and social service providers and community stakeholders (n = 21)...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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