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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson, Thóra Leósdóttir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tanja Svarre, Tine Bieber Kirkegaard Lunn, Tina Helle
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to provide the reader with an overall impression of the stepwise user-centred design approach including the specific methods used and lessons learned when transforming paper-based assessment forms into a prototype app, taking the Housing Enabler as an example. METHODS: Four design iterations were performed, building on a domain study, workshops, expert evaluation and controlled and realistic usability tests. The user-centred design process involved purposefully selected participants with different Housing Enabler knowledge and housing adaptation experience...
November 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Annika Öst Nilsson, Gunilla Eriksson, Ulla Johansson, Therese Hellman
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, less than 50% of those getting stroke in working age return to work (RTW). Effective rehabilitation programmes need to be developed and therapeutic aspects understood. AIM: To explore and describe how persons with stroke experience their RTW process while participating in a person-centred rehabilitation programme focusing on RTW. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven persons with mild or moderate stroke were interviewed twice during the intervention in the vocational training phase using semi-structured interviews...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Åsa-Sara Sernheim, Helena Hemmingsson, Ingegerd Witt Engerström, Gunilla Liedberg
OBJECTIVE: Activities occur in all people's lives. This study investigated over a period of time, 15 years, what activities were enjoyed or not enjoyed and what activities parents and staff liked to do with girls/women with Rett syndrome. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted using secondary data from three earlier questionnaires at the Swedish National Rett Center. The first questionnaire provided data on 123 girls/women with Rett syndrome, the second on 52 and the third questionnaire, on 39...
November 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kiah L Evans, Sonya J Girdler, Torbjorn Falkmer, Janet E Richmond, Petra Wagman, Jeannine Millsteed, Marita Falkmer
Occupational therapists need to be cognizant of evidence-based role balance advice and strategies that women with multigenerational caring responsibilities can implement independently or with minimal assistance, as role balance may not be the primary goal during many encounters with this population. Hence, this study aimed to identify the viewpoints on the most helpful role balance strategies for working sandwich generation women, both from their own perspectives and from the perspective of occupational therapists...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Brett Berg, Karen Atler, Anne G Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The Evaluation of Social Interaction (ESI) is used in Asia, Australia, North America and Europe. What is considered to be appropriate social interaction, however, differs amongst countries. If social interaction varies, the relative difficulty of the ESI items and types of social exchange also could vary, resulting in differential item functioning (DIF) and test bias in the form of differential test functioning (DTF). Yet, because the ESI scoring criteria are designed to account for culture, the ESI should be free of DIF and DTF...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Aileen Bergström, Susanne Guidetti, Kerstin Tham, Gunilla Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Within occupational therapy, it is assumed that individuals are satisfied when participating in everyday occupations that they want to do. However, there is little empirical evidence to show this. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore and describe the relation between satisfaction and participation in everyday occupations in a Swedish cohort, 5 years post stroke. METHODS: Sixty-nine persons responded to the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire (OGQ)...
October 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tove Lise Nielsen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Janni Strøm, Monica Milters Ehlers, Merete Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence-based knowledge about the effectiveness of home-based OT for older adults aimed at improving occupational performance by practicing activities and tasks. AIM: This review synthesizes and discusses evidence for the effectiveness of occupation-focused and occupation-based OT for older adults at home. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Peer-reviewed quantitative papers were included. PARTICIPANTS:  ≥ 60-year-old adults with functional limitations...
October 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Benjamin Milbourn, Beverley McNamara, Angus Buchanan
BACKGROUND/AIM: People with severe mental illness (SMI) do not receive adequate attention in research or clinical practice. They are considered hard to reach and difficult to engage. Information is needed to help provide support for this vulnerable population. This paper aims to investigate the well-being of adults diagnosed with SMI and receiving Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) by applying the occupational well-being framework to the everyday activities of this vulnerable group of people...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Alexandra Lecours, Pierre-Yves Therriault
BACKGROUND: Preventive behaviour is a significant intervention target in order to promote health at work, but has never been discussed in an occupational perspective. AIM: To clarify the concept of preventive behaviour at work. METHODS: The Walker and Avant (2011) method was used to conduct the study. RESULTS: The attributes of the concept are: (1) compliance with safety rules and procedures, (2) proactivity, participation, engagement and initiatives related to prevention, (3) maintenance of physical environment, (4) concern for social environment and (5) reflexivity and analytical skills of work situations...
October 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Eilish King, Theresa Okodogbe, Eilish Burke, Mary McCarron, Philip McCallion, Mary Ann O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: As adults with intellectual disability (ID) in Ireland move to the community from residential settings, the changed environment is intended to increase opportunities for occupational engagement, autonomy and social relationships. It is important to consider how increased resources and opportunities available within the community can be optimized to promote engagement and quality of life. AIMS: This paper investigates if and how ADL and IADL performance of people ageing with ID is related to place of residence...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mohammad S Nazzal, Hanan Khalil
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a major impact on mobility, as well as cognition which can consequently impair aspects of individual's lives. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with PD and its impact on their daily lives. None of these studies have explored the life experiences of Jordanian individuals living with PD. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the daily living experiences and impact on lives of Jordanian individuals with PD...
September 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vanessa Greco, Heather Christine Lambert, Melissa Park
BACKGROUND: Recovery-oriented mental health services empower all clients, including youth and their families, to be actively involved in directing their own care. In order to develop person-driven interventions, clinicians must understand what matters from their perspective. Thus, recovery-oriented assessments need self-report measures that adequately capture the domains and content that matter to a range of particular persons. AIM: This study examined if and how PhotoVoice, a participatory research method used to empower and highlight the unique experiences of vulnerable groups, could be used as a recovery-oriented self-report measure for children with a mental health disorder...
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Bianca J Van Keulen-Rouweler, Ingrid H W M Sturkenboom, Anders Kottorp, Maud J L Graff, Maria W G M Nijhuis-Van der Sanden, Esther M J Steultjens
BACKGROUND: The Perceive, Recall, Plan & Perform (PRPP) system of task analysis might be feasible to evaluate occupational performance and information processing strategies for persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). AIM: To evaluate: (1) the random error between raters (inter-rater study), (2) the random error within raters (intra-rater study), and (3) the internal consistency of the PRPP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: (1) video-recorded performance of meaningful activities of 13 Dutch persons with PD, scored independently by 38 Dutch PRPP trained occupational therapists were included in the analysis...
September 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marie Jönsson, Peter Appelros, Carin Fredriksson
OBJECTIVE: To compare ADL, cognitive function, risk of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls in older people readmitted to hospital. METHODS: This was a comparative study. Persons ≥ 75 years, who were readmitted to hospital, were assessed using the ADL-taxonomy and the Mini Mental State Examination. Risks of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls were assessed using Risk Assessment Pressure Sores, Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment and Downton Fall Risk Index...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anne-Le Morville, Lena-Karin Erlandsson
BACKGROUND: There are challenging methodological issues in obtaining valid and reliable results on which to base occupational therapy interventions for ethnic minorities. The aim of this scoping review is to describe the methodological problems within occupational therapy research, when ethnic minorities are included. METHOD: A thorough literature search yielded 21 articles obtained from the scientific databases PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science and PsychInfo. Analysis followed Arksey and O'Malley's framework for scoping reviews, applying content analysis...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tore Bonsaksen, Mary V Donohue, Robert Malcolm Milligan
BACKGROUND: During the curriculum, occupational therapy students learn to administer a range of assessment procedures. Interrater agreement between occupational therapy students' ratings of group functioning has not yet been examined. AIMS: To examine the interrater agreement within groups of students' ratings using the Social Profile. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The Social Profile assesses the social interaction behaviours in activity groups, and 35 students completed the measure...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Thomas Johansen, Arvid Skjerve, Chris Jensen, Winand H Dittrich, Irene Øyeflaten
BACKGROUND: Individuals on long-term sick leave attending occupational rehabilitation often complain about impairments in cognitive functions such as memory and attention. Knowledge of cognitive functioning in these individuals is limited. Such knowledge is clinically relevant for improving occupational rehabilitation programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this feasibility study were to assess the methodological design and to investigate changes in memory and attention on participants during occupational rehabilitation...
November 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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