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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Alison J Gerlach, Gail Teachman, Debbie Laliberte-Rudman, Rebecca M Aldrich, Suzanne Huot
BACKGROUND: Perspectives that individualize occupation are poorly aligned with socially responsive and transformative occupation-focused research, education, and practice. Their predominant use in occupational therapy risks the perpetuation, rather than resolution, of occupational inequities. AIM: In this paper, we problematize taken-for-granted individualistic analyses of occupation and illustrate how critical theoretical perspectives can reveal the ways in which structural factors beyond an individual's immediate control and environment shape occupational possibilities and occupational engagement...
May 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Charlotte Blomgren, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christian Blomstrand, Lisbeth Claesson
BACKGROUND: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. AIM: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho, Kenneth N K Fong
BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics involves the statistical analysis of the publications in a specific discipline or subject area. A bibliometric analysis of the occupational therapy refereed literature is needed. AIM: A bibliometric analysis was completed of the occupational therapy literature from 1991-2014, indexed in the Science Citation Index-Expanded or the Social Sciences Citation Index. METHOD: Publications were searched by title, abstract, keywords, and KeyWords Plus...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Cornelia Kocher Stalder, Anders Kottorp, Maja Steinlin, Helena Hemmingsson
BACKGROUND: Children with acquired brain injury (ABI) often present with functional deficits that influence their societal participation and well-being. Successful reintegration into school calls for individual support to meet each child's adjustment needs. The adjustment needs of children with ABI in school settings have not previously been explored. AIM: The objectives of the present study were (a) to describe adjustment needs in school settings for children with ABI and (b) to explore differences and similarities between reports from the children and their teachers...
May 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Farzaneh Yazdani, Alia Harb, Mehdi Rassafiani, Laya Nobakht, Nastaran Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: Occupational balance is one of the concepts used by occupational therapists with no consensus on its definition. Literature demonstrates different perspectives when this concept is applied in practice and in its link to other concepts such as health and well-being. This study aims to explore how the concept of occupational balance is perceived and practised by occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: A qualitative methodology was employed. Fourteen occupational therapists volunteered for the study...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Christel Leufstadius
BACKGROUND: There is a need for intervention studies of persons with psychiatric disabilities who attend day centers (DCs). AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how people living with psychiatric disability experience and describe the meaning of occupation at DCs after taking part in an intervention. METHODS: An interpretative phenomenological approach was used and 11 participants in the intervention were interviewed. RESULTS: The superordinate theme describing the experienced meaning at the DC was As a substitute for work, and the sub-themes were; A feeling of belonging to a subculture; Flexibility and adaptation of occupation in accordance with the individual's needs and recovery process; and Influence...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marianne Bemgård, Birgitha Archenholtz
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fracture (DRF) often causes reduced ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs). There is a need for recurrent evaluation of the ability to perform ADL in the early stage of rehabilitation as a complement to traditional functional measures. AIM: Develop a short and simple performance test for use in clinical practice through modification of the Sollerman Grip Function Test (GFT). METHOD: DRF patients and controls performed the GFT...
May 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Emma Crawford, Merrill June Turpin
BACKGROUND: Occupational justice research can generate knowledge about societal conditions that support participation in meaningful occupations. This is useful because occupational therapy's human rights goal is to create societal conditions that are conducive to occupational engagement. Participants in this research field are likely to be vulnerable and need special ethical considerations. However, no model exists to support ethical considerations for vulnerable participants in occupational justice research...
May 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Camilla Malinowsky, Louise Nygård, Rumi Tanemura, Toru Nagao, Kazue Noda, Osamu Nakata, Jiro Sagara, Lena Rosenberg, Eric Asaba, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: As context may impact everyday technology (ET) use it is relevant to study this within different contexts. AIMS: To examine the usefulness of the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire (ETUQ) in different contexts by investigating and comparing (1) the level of challenge of ETs in the ETUQ and (2) the relevance of and perceived ability to use ET in samples of Swedish and Japanese older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Swedish and the Japanese samples (n = 86/86) were interviewed using the ETUQ about relevance of and perceived ability to use ET...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Jannick Lavigne, Paula W Rushton, Nathalie Trudelle
BACKGROUND: Efficient service delivery models that optimize processes and human resources are required in the current health care climate. A family-centered care approach is recognized as a model that can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of pediatric rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multidisciplinary health care team regarding the use of the Préparation au plan d'intervention (PAPI), a modified needs assessment tool designed to facilitate a family-centered care approach among children with cerebral motor deficits (CMD) and their families...
April 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tore Bonsaksen, Tove Carstensen
BACKGROUND: According to the Intentional Relationship Model (IRM), the intentional use of relational approaches in therapy (therapeutic modes) is essential for obtaining successful relationships to clients. There have been no attempts to combine the IRM with self-efficacy theory, and instruments for measuring self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use are lacking. AIM: This study aimed to examine the component structure and internal consistency of the Norwegian version of the Self-Efficacy for Therapeutic Mode Use (N-SETMU)...
April 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ann-Helen Patomella, Anders Kottorp, Manuela Ferreira, Lena Rosenberg, Brittmari Uppgard, Louise Nygård
BACKGROUND: Technology use is relevant for engaging in everyday occupations and aging in place and difficulties might limit participation. AIM: The aim of the present study was two-fold: to investigate the internal scale validity of the Everyday Technology Use Questionnaire (ETUQ) in a matched Portuguese and a Swedish sample of older adults without known cognitive impairments and to compare everyday technology use (i.e., the relevance of Everyday Technology (ET) and perceived difficulty of using ET)...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Miranda Jane Cunningham, Anita Slade
Working in homelessness is a growing area of practice for occupational therapists, however, there is limited literature on the lived experiences of homelessness and occupational engagement Study aim: To explore the lived experience of homeless men in relation to how they engaged in day-to-day occupations when sleeping rough or hostel dwelling Methods: Data were gathered from five men residing in a homeless hostel in the UK. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and photographic diaries. Data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Results: Participants described their experiences of occupational engagement whilst sleeping on the streets which included engaging in survival occupations, the significance of apparently ordinary occupations and moving beyond survival occupations...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Hilde Van Waelvelde, Amy De Roubaix, Lien Steppe, Evy Troubleyn, Barbara De Mey, Griet Dewitte, Julie Debrabant, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Handwriting difficulties may have pervasive effects on a child's school performance. I Can! is a remedial handwriting program with a focus on self-regulated learning and applying motor learning principles combined with a behavioural approach. It is developed for typically developing children with handwriting problems. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to evaluate the program's effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children aged 7-8 year participated in a cross-over study...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Carita Håkansson, Gunnar Ahlborg
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders are the main reason for sick leave in many European countries. The aim of the present study was to explore whether perceived occupational imbalance predicts stress-related disorders, potential gender differences, and to explore the mediating role of perceived stress. METHOD: Longitudinal data on 2223 employees in a public organization in Sweden were collected by surveys, and analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Occupational imbalance predicted stress-related disorders among both women and men...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Camilla Malinowsky, Mandana Fallahpour, Maria Larsson Lund, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: In order to develop supporting interventions for people demonstrating problems ET use, a detailed level of description of strengths and deficits is needed. AIMS: To explore clusters of specific performance skill required when using ET, and to evaluate if and in what way such clusters are associated with age, gender, diagnosis, and types of ETs managed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of 661 data records from 203 heterogeneous samples of participants using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) was used...
March 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson, Thóra Leósdóttir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Vanessa Greco, Heather Christine Lambert, Melissa Park
BACKGROUND: Recovery-oriented mental health services empower all clients, including youth and their families, to be actively involved in directing their own care. In order to develop person-driven interventions, clinicians must understand what matters from their perspective. Thus, recovery-oriented assessments need self-report measures that adequately capture the domains and content that matter to a range of particular persons. AIM: This study examined if and how PhotoVoice, a participatory research method used to empower and highlight the unique experiences of vulnerable groups, could be used as a recovery-oriented self-report measure for children with a mental health disorder...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mona Eklund, Lisa Eklund
BACKGROUND: Day centres can prepare for open-market employment, and attendees' work motivation is key in this. AIMS: Adopting a gender perspective, this study investigated (1) motivation for day centre attendance, satisfaction with the day centre services, number of hours spent there, and number and type of occupations performed; and (2) whether those factors were related with motivation for open-market employment. METHODS: Women (n = 164) and men (n = 160) with psychiatric disabilities completed self-report questionnaires...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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