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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Bethan Collins
BACKGROUND: The concept of independence is common in occupational therapy theory and practice but has rarely been clearly defined or conceptualized within in occupational therapy literature and there seems to be no standard definition. This can result in ambiguity, which potentially jeopardizes client-centred practice. AIM: This paper proposes an occupational therapy independence framework (OTIF) that synthesizes the range of characterizations of independence in a practically useful and occupation-centred manner...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Maria Bergström, Inger Ahlstrand, Ingrid Thyberg, Torbjörn Falkmer, Björn Börsbo, Mathilda Björk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease often associated with disability. Despite new treatments, pain and activity limitations are still present. OBJECTIVES: To describe how persons with RA experience and manage pain in their daily life. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups (FGs) were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis revealed four categories: 1) Pain expresses itself in different ways referred to pain as overwhelming, aching or as a feeling of stiffness...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Eva-Britt Norberg, Britta Löfgren, Kurt Boman, Patrik Wennberg, Margareta Brännström
AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe clients and occupational therapists (OTs) experiences of a home-based programme focusing energy conservation strategies (ECS) for clients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The programme, based on occupational therapy intervention process model (OTIPM), was led by two OTs in primary health care. Five clients' self-reported activities of daily living (ADL), fatigue, depression, goal achievements and use of ECS...
January 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen
BACKGROUND: With the Coordination Reform Act initiated in 2012, Norwegian occupational therapists in municipal practice have been given responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. With emphasis on supporting best practice, the aim was to investigate the practice of Norwegian municipal occupational therapists (OTs) in their assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: An online questionnaire was used to collect data from 497 of 1367 OTs in Norwegian municipalities (RR = 36%) Results: The most frequently used methods were informal interviews (91%), observations (91%) and standardized assessments (73%)...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Maarit E Karhula, Anna-Liisa Salminen, Päivi I Hämäläinen, Juhani Ruutiainen, Pertti Era, Asko Tolvanen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the impact on participation and autonomy (IPA) questionnaire. The Finnish version of IPA (IPAFin) was translated into Finnish using the protocol for linguistic validation for patient-reported outcomes instruments. METHODS: A total of 194 persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) (mean age 50 years SD 9, 72% female) with moderate to severe disability participated in this study. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to confirm the four factor structure of the IPAFin...
January 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Maria Larsson-Lund, Anneli Nyman
BACKGROUND: Occupation has been the focus in occupational therapy practice to greater or lesser degrees from a historical viewpoint. This evokes a need to discuss whether concepts that are added to our field will enhance or blur our focus on occupation. AIM: To explore how the concept of participation in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is related to the concept of occupation by reviewing and comparing its use in three models of practice within occupational therapy...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Fredrik Glännfjord, Helena Hemmingsson, Åsa Larsson Ranada
The Nintendo Wii is a gaming console with motion-sensitive controls that is making inroads into health care and rehabilitation. However, there is still limited knowledge on how elderly people perceive the use of such a product. The aim of this study was to examine how the use of the Wii Sports Bowling in an activity group was perceived by elderly people. The data consisted of observations and interviews with participants who used Wii Sports Bowling and was analysed with content analysis. The findings are described in three themes; 'The use of the Wii Sports game', 'Engagement in the game' and 'Social interaction around the activity'...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tove Carstensen, Tore Bonsaksen
BACKGROUND: The Intentional Relationship Model (IRM) is a new model of the therapeutic relationship in occupational therapy practice. Two previous studies have focused on therapist communication style, or 'mode' use, but to date no group comparisons have been reported. AIM: To explore differences between occupational therapists and occupational therapy students with regard to their therapeutic mode use. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional design, and convenience samples consisting of occupational therapists (n = 109) and of second-year occupational therapy students (n = 96) were recruited...
December 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Kjartan Ólafsson, Thóra Leósdóttir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tanja Svarre, Tine Bieber Kirkegaard Lunn, Tina Helle
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to provide the reader with an overall impression of the stepwise user-centred design approach including the specific methods used and lessons learned when transforming paper-based assessment forms into a prototype app, taking the Housing Enabler as an example. METHODS: Four design iterations were performed, building on a domain study, workshops, expert evaluation and controlled and realistic usability tests. The user-centred design process involved purposefully selected participants with different Housing Enabler knowledge and housing adaptation experience...
November 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Annika Öst Nilsson, Gunilla Eriksson, Ulla Johansson, Therese Hellman
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, less than 50% of those getting stroke in working age return to work (RTW). Effective rehabilitation programmes need to be developed and therapeutic aspects understood. AIM: To explore and describe how persons with stroke experience their RTW process while participating in a person-centred rehabilitation programme focusing on RTW. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven persons with mild or moderate stroke were interviewed twice during the intervention in the vocational training phase using semi-structured interviews...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Åsa-Sara Sernheim, Helena Hemmingsson, Ingegerd Witt Engerström, Gunilla Liedberg
OBJECTIVE: Activities occur in all people's lives. This study investigated over a period of time, 15 years, what activities were enjoyed or not enjoyed and what activities parents and staff liked to do with girls/women with Rett syndrome. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted using secondary data from three earlier questionnaires at the Swedish National Rett Center. The first questionnaire provided data on 123 girls/women with Rett syndrome, the second on 52 and the third questionnaire, on 39...
November 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kiah L Evans, Sonya J Girdler, Torbjorn Falkmer, Janet E Richmond, Petra Wagman, Jeannine Millsteed, Marita Falkmer
Occupational therapists need to be cognizant of evidence-based role balance advice and strategies that women with multigenerational caring responsibilities can implement independently or with minimal assistance, as role balance may not be the primary goal during many encounters with this population. Hence, this study aimed to identify the viewpoints on the most helpful role balance strategies for working sandwich generation women, both from their own perspectives and from the perspective of occupational therapists...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Brett Berg, Karen Atler, Anne G Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The Evaluation of Social Interaction (ESI) is used in Asia, Australia, North America and Europe. What is considered to be appropriate social interaction, however, differs amongst countries. If social interaction varies, the relative difficulty of the ESI items and types of social exchange also could vary, resulting in differential item functioning (DIF) and test bias in the form of differential test functioning (DTF). Yet, because the ESI scoring criteria are designed to account for culture, the ESI should be free of DIF and DTF...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Aileen Bergström, Susanne Guidetti, Kerstin Tham, Gunilla Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Within occupational therapy, it is assumed that individuals are satisfied when participating in everyday occupations that they want to do. However, there is little empirical evidence to show this. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore and describe the relation between satisfaction and participation in everyday occupations in a Swedish cohort, 5 years post stroke. METHODS: Sixty-nine persons responded to the Occupational Gaps Questionnaire (OGQ)...
October 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tove Lise Nielsen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Janni Strøm, Monica Milters Ehlers, Merete Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence-based knowledge about the effectiveness of home-based OT for older adults aimed at improving occupational performance by practicing activities and tasks. AIM: This review synthesizes and discusses evidence for the effectiveness of occupation-focused and occupation-based OT for older adults at home. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Peer-reviewed quantitative papers were included. PARTICIPANTS:  ≥ 60-year-old adults with functional limitations...
October 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Petra Wagman, Maria Nordin, Lars Alfredsson, Peter J M Westerholm, Eleonor I Fransson
BACKGROUND: The amount and perception of domestic work may affect satisfaction with everyday life, but further knowledge is needed about the relationship between domestic work division and health and well-being. AIM: To describe the division of, and satisfaction with, domestic work and responsibility for home/family in adults living with a partner. A further aim was to investigate the associations between these aspects and self-rated life satisfaction and health...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Nirit Levanon-Erez, Maayan Cohen, Ruthie Traub Bar-Ilan, Adina Maeir
BACKGROUND: Occupational identity (OI) is shaped by occupational experiences over time and has been studied among individuals with a variety of health conditions. Adolescents with ADHD face numerous challenges in their occupational performance that may threaten their OI. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to compare the occupational identities of adolescents with and without ADHD and to gain a deeper understanding of the characteristics of OI among adolescents with ADHD...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mohammad S Nazzal, Hanan Khalil
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) has a major impact on mobility, as well as cognition which can consequently impair aspects of individual's lives. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with PD and its impact on their daily lives. None of these studies have explored the life experiences of Jordanian individuals living with PD. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the daily living experiences and impact on lives of Jordanian individuals with PD...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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