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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Tongai Fibion Chichaya, Robin Wendy Elizabeth Joubert, Mary Ann McColl
BACKGROUND: The national policy on disability in Namibia is overdue for review having been in existence for over 20 years. In 2017 the government of Namibia expressed intentions to review the policy. Concerns that can be framed as occupational injustice were raised by persons with disabilities in Namibia. AIM: To gather evidence from persons with disabilities; disability policy decision makers and occupational therapists for contributing towards disability policy formulation using an occupational justice perspective...
August 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND: Communication skills such as listening, empathy and body language are core competencies that entry level occupational therapy students must demonstrate when completing practice placements. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if interpersonal skills taught to undergraduate occupational therapy students predict their practice performance. METHODS: Second, third and fourth year occupational therapy students (n = 132) completed the Active-Empathetic Listening Scale (AELS); the Listening Styles Profile-Revised (LSP-R); and the Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS)...
August 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sofia Nissmark, Agneta Malmgren Fänge
BACKGROUND: Today people can live a long time with a chronic cancer diagnosis, and it affects the entire family. Family members to patients in palliative care often have to leave valued occupations due to lack of time and energy, while new roles are forced upon them, potentially affecting their health. OBJECTIVE: To explore occupational balance, needs and roles among family members to persons in palliative care. METHODS: Six semi-structured interviews were conducted with family members to terminally ill persons enrolled to specialized palliative care...
July 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Catherine Swift, Clare Hocking, Annette Dickinson, Margaret Jones
BACKGROUND: When a parent has chronic pain, family communication can become strained. Clinicians are encouraged to identify and support families struggling with open communication. Occupational therapists are commonly involved in the provision of pain management services but their role in facilitating open communication in families affected by this condition has not been clearly articulated. OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive understanding of what is being done and/or thought to be helpful for facilitating open communication in families affected by chronic pain, in order to articulate the role of occupational therapy in this area of care...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Louise Ranehov, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: To the best of our knowledge, no research of the work situation of full-time, paid, parental HC assistants has been done. AIM: To examine how parents experienced their work as HC assistants for their chronic disabled child. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews based on the Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS-S) were done with nine mothers who had a child aged 8-17 years old with a cognitive or/and physical chronic disability. Content analysis was used with the Model Of Human Occupation as a framework...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Adora Chui, Daniela Mazzitti, Emily Nalder, Debra Cameron, Helene J Polatajko, Deirdre R Dawson
BACKGROUND: The CO-OP ApproachTM has been increasingly used in research and practice, yet its critical elements and implementation challenges are largely undescribed. Obtaining therapists' perspectives on CO-OP may reveal insights into potential critical and mediating factors. AIM/OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of CO-OP therapists by understanding their perceptions on the approach compared with conventional practice, and by identifying mediating factors in its implementation...
July 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Thomas Ballmer, Tina Helle, Rina Juel Kaptain, Camilla Malinowsky, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: The trend towards telemedicine increasingly requires clients to manage everyday technology (ET) to access and use health services. The Management of Everday Technology Assessment (META) is an observation-based instrument developed to evaluate the ability to manage ET. AIM: To examine test-retest (TRR) and inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the Danish translation of the META for older adults with and without COPD. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 47 older adults with COPD (n = 23) and without (n = 24) were recruited...
July 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Chia-Wei Fan, Riitta Keponen, Sanna Piikki, Hector W H Tsang, Evguenia S Popova, Renee Taylor
BACKGROUND: The Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) is a widely used conceptual practice model in Finland. Therefore, Finnish translations of valid and reliable MOHO assessments are needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Finnish translation of the Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skills (ACIS-FI) using the many-facet Rasch model approach. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-eight occupational therapists completed an in-person training workshop on the ACIS-FI and participated as raters in this study...
June 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Victoria Goodman, Brooke Wardrope, Suzanne Myers, Shelly Cohen, Lisa McCorquodale, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is an emergent construct with implications for our understanding of approaches to engagement in human occupation. Little is known about how mindfulness is being applied and what its possibilities are in the occupation-based disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize, describe, and identify gaps in the existing literature on mindfulness in relation to human occupation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A scoping review, guided by Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework was undertaken...
June 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Git Lidman, Kate Himmelmann, Gunilla Gosman-Hedström, Marie Peny-Dahlstrand
BACKGROUND: During childhood, children learn the daily life activities they want and need to do. Children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy often have difficulties performing activities requiring two hands. AIM: To describe parental reasoning on how children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy learn to master the performance of bimanual activities in everyday life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen parents participated in focus groups, a qualitative research approach with its own methodological criteria and research methods...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kristina Vroland-Nordstrand, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Ulla Johansson
AIM/OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe parents' perceptions and experiences of conducting a goal-directed intervention focused on children's self-identified goals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were performed with nine parents (8 mothers, 1 father). All the parents had participated actively in conducting a goal-directed intervention addressing their children's self-identified goals. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Klara Jakobsen, Eva Magnus, Steinar Lundgren, Randi J Reidunsdatter
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer results in an increasing number of survivors, some of whom face new challenges in their transition to daily life. AIM: Based on these experiences, the aim of this study was to describe the everyday life in breast cancer survivors experiencing challenges. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Eleven women recruited from a follow-up study of breast cancer patients participated in qualitative interviews about their everyday occupations seven years after ending treatment...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Cornelia Kocher Stalder, Anders Kottorp, Maja Steinlin, Helena Hemmingsson
BACKGROUND: Children with acquired brain injury (ABI) often present with functional deficits that influence their societal participation and well-being. Successful reintegration into school calls for individual support to meet each child's adjustment needs. The adjustment needs of children with ABI in school settings have not previously been explored. AIM: The objectives of the present study were (a) to describe adjustment needs in school settings for children with ABI and (b) to explore differences and similarities between reports from the children and their teachers...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Farzaneh Yazdani, Alia Harb, Mehdi Rassafiani, Laya Nobakht, Nastaran Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: Occupational balance is one of the concepts used by occupational therapists with no consensus on its definition. Literature demonstrates different perspectives when this concept is applied in practice and in its link to other concepts such as health and well-being. This study aims to explore how the concept of occupational balance is perceived and practised by occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: A qualitative methodology was employed. Fourteen occupational therapists volunteered for the study...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Carita Håkansson, Gunnar Ahlborg
BACKGROUND: Stress-related disorders are the main reason for sick leave in many European countries. The aim of the present study was to explore whether perceived occupational imbalance predicts stress-related disorders, potential gender differences, and to explore the mediating role of perceived stress. METHOD: Longitudinal data on 2223 employees in a public organization in Sweden were collected by surveys, and analyzed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Occupational imbalance predicted stress-related disorders among both women and men...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tammy Aplin, Heloise Thornton, Louise Gustafsson
The aim of this paper was to investigate the experience of home for parents and carers of children with disabilities in Australia. Data for this qualitative study were gathered using semi-structured interviews with four families living in their own homes. An inductive thematic analysis revealed two main themes. The first was titled 'Aspects making everyday life easier' explored the aspects of the home environment that facilitated home life for the child, including access to transport, services, family and home modifications...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Åsa-Sara Sernheim, Helena Hemmingsson, Ingegerd Witt Engerström, Gunilla Liedberg
OBJECTIVE: Activities occur in all people's lives. This study investigated over a period of time, 15 years, what activities were enjoyed or not enjoyed and what activities parents and staff liked to do with girls/women with Rett syndrome. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted using secondary data from three earlier questionnaires at the Swedish National Rett Center. The first questionnaire provided data on 123 girls/women with Rett syndrome, the second on 52 and the third questionnaire, on 39...
July 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Margarita Mondaca, Staffan Josephsson, Lena Borell, Arlene Katz, Lena Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global and local policy frameworks that explicitly aim to privilege participation and active engagement of older adults living in nursing homes, this group often has limited possibilities to engage in occupations and to have influence in their everyday lives. AIM: To explore how older adults' engagement and influence in an occupation can emerge in everyday life in a nursing home setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A participatory qualitative approach was applied...
June 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND: Journals are currently assessed and ranked using a number of different quantitative performance metrics. AIM: To compare and correlate the publication metrics of English-language occupational therapy journals published in 2015. METHOD: Bibliometric data was sourced for 14 English-language occupational therapy journals including the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2-year impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (EFS), Article Influence Score (AIS), Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), Scopus Citescore, and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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