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Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy

Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND: Journals are currently assessed and ranked using a number of different quantitative performance metrics. AIM: To compare and correlate the publication metrics of English-language occupational therapy journals published in 2015. METHOD: Bibliometric data was sourced for 14 English-language occupational therapy journals including the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2-year impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (EFS), Article Influence Score (AIS), Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), Scopus Citescore, and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Lisette Farias, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Nick Pollard, Sandra Schiller, Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Kerry Thomas, Hanneke van Bruggen
BACKGROUND: Calls for embracing the potential and responsibility of occupational therapy to address socio-political conditions that perpetuate occupational injustices have materialized in the literature. However, to reach beyond traditional frameworks informing practices, this social agenda requires the incorporation of diverse epistemological and methodological approaches to support action commensurate with social transformative goals. AIM: Our intent is to present a methodological approach that can help extend the ways of thinking or frameworks used in occupational therapy and science to support the ongoing development of practices with and for individuals and collectives affected by marginalizing conditions...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kajsa Lidström Holmqvist, Marie Holmefur
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of occupation-focused instruments to assess Activities of Daily Living (ADL) that are intended for persons with mental disorders. The ADL Taxonomy is an instrument that is widely-used within clinical practice for persons with physical impairment. The aim of this study was to adapt the ADL Taxonomy for persons with mental disorders and evaluate its validity. METHODS: An expert group of Occupational Therapists (OTs) from psychiatric care adapted the ADL Taxonomy to fit the client group, including creating three new items...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Ann Kårefjärd, Lena Nordgren
BACKGROUND: People with dementia often have a poor quality of life. Therefore, methods that can improve their life situation must be identified. One promising method is dog-assisted intervention. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of dog-assisted intervention on quality of life in nursing home residents with dementia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A one-group, pretest post-test study design was used. Quality of life was measured using the QUALID in 59 nursing home residents prior to and after a dog-assisted intervention...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anette Enemark Larsen, Helene Nyborg Adamsen, Sarah Boots, Emma Caecilie Guttzeit Delkus, Louise Lunde Pedersen, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen
BACKGROUND: In Denmark, the cost of healthcare services comprise 12% of the gross domestic product. A recommended method for optimizing effectiveness of and enhance client satisfaction with healthcare is client-centred practice (CCP), a central component of occupational therapy ideology. However, Danish occupational therapists' perceptions of CCP, including the facilitators and barriers that may contribute to CCP, have never been examined. AIM: To examine Danish occupational therapists' perceptions of CCP...
April 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethical decision-making is an important aspect of reasoning in occupational therapy practice. However, the process of ethical decision-making within the broader context of reasoning is yet to be clearly explicated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to advance a theoretical understanding of the process by which occupational therapists make ethical decisions in day-to-day practice. METHOD: A constructivist grounded theory approach was adopted, incorporating in-depth semi-structured interviews with 18 occupational therapists from a range of practice settings and years of experience...
April 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Dorothy Kessler, Ian Walker, Katrine Sauvé-Schenk, Mary Egan
BACKGROUND: Client-centred goal setting is central to the process of enabling occupation. Yet, there are multiple barriers to incorporating client-centred goal setting in practice. We sought to determine what might facilitate or impede the formation of client-centred goals in a context highly supportive of client-centred goal setting Methods: We used conversational analysis to examine goal-setting conversations that took place during a pilot trial of Occupational Performance Coaching for stroke survivors...
April 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Berit Widerøe Njølstad, Anne Marit Mengshoel, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a relatively common disabling illness in adolescents that may limit participation in daily life. AIM: This study explored interactions between the illness experiences of adolescents with CFS/ME, their occupational lives and expectations for the future. METHODS: Seven adolescents with CFS/ME were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Three themes were developed...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Marc Sampedro Pilegaard, Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard, Karen la Cour, Anna Thit Johnsen, Åse Brandt
BACKGROUND: Many people with advanced cancer have decreased ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). We recently performed a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) assessing the efficacy of an occupational therapy-based program, the 'Cancer Home-Life Intervention' in people with advanced cancer (N = 242) and found no overall effects on ADL ability. However, heterogeneity of treatment effect may disguise subgroup differences. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether subgroups of people with advanced cancer gain positive effects from the 'Cancer Home-Life Intervention' on ADL ability...
March 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Kiah L Evans, Jeannine Millsteed, Janet E Richmond, Marita Falkmer, Torbjorn Falkmer, Sonya J Girdler
Women combining paid employment with dual caring responsibilities for children and aging parents, otherwise known as the sandwich generation, experience both benefits and costs related to role participation and quality of life. However, previous literature is inconclusive regarding the impact of this role combination on role balance. In the context of these mixed findings on role balance for working sandwich generation women, this study aimed to explore how within role characteristics and between role interactions are related to role balance for these women...
March 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Yu-Chien Chang, Chih-Hsuan Chen, Pai-Chuan Huang, Ling-Yi Lin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong developmental disability characterized by deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. Existing literature on social relationships and well-being among adolescents with ASD in Asian countries is scant. AIMS: This study compared the perceptions of adolescents with ASD with those of their neurotypical peers toward their friendship quality, activity participation, and emotional well-being, and examined the relationships between friendship quality, activity participation, and emotional well-being...
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Julia J Sterman, Geraldine A Naughton, Anita C Bundy, Elspeth Froude, Michelle A Villeneuve
BACKGROUND: Despite indisputable developmental benefits of outdoor play, children with disabilities can experience play inequity. Play decisions are multifactorial; influenced by children's skills and their familial and community environments. Government agencies have responsibilities for equity and inclusion of people with disabilities; including in play. AIM: This multiple-perspective case study aimed to understand outdoor play decision-making for children with disabilities from the perspectives and interactions of: local government and families of primary school-aged children with disabilities...
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Peter Bontje, Sissel Alsaker, Eric Asaba, Anders Kottorp, Staffan Josephsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for in-depth understanding of how elderly persons resume their occupations while recovering from physical disabilities in their home and community. The aim of this study was to explore and understand how engaging in occupations unfolded over time for some older persons with physical disabilities in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this narrative-in-action study four elderly participants were recruited following a mixed purposive and convenience sampling method...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Sanetta H J Du Toit, Xizi Shen, Margaret McGrath
BACKGROUND: People with moderate to advanced dementia living in residential care are at risk of occupational deprivation. Person-centered care has been adopted as a guiding principle in the provision of residential care for older adults with dementia. In this context, there has been shift in occupational therapy practice from addressing occupational performance towards focusing on meaningful engagement. While both meaningful engagement and person-centered care have been well researched the relationship between the two concepts is poorly understood...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Linda Stigen, Evastina Bjørk, Anne Lund
BACKGROUND: The practice of Norwegian occupational therapists (OTs) in municipal practice is a little explored area and with the Coordination Reform Act from 2012, Norwegian OTs in municipal practice have received responsibilities concerning clients with cognitive impairments. The aim of this study was to explore municipal OTs experiences with assessment of clients with cognitive impairments. METHOD: Fourteen individual interviews with OTs who worked with clients with cognitive impairments, were conducted...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anne Lund, Mali Melhus, Unni Sveen
BACKGROUND: Even people with mild to moderate stroke will experience changes in their abilities to perform everyday occupations. Group interventions may be appropriate in late-stage rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to explore how the participants involved themselves in person-centered lifestyle groups after stroke in Norway. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were performed with six older adults with mild-to-moderate stroke who had participated in lifestyle groups over a period of nine months...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Charlotte Blomgren, Katarina Jood, Christina Jern, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christian Blomstrand, Lisbeth Claesson
BACKGROUND: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. AIM: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Anna Olsson, Ann-Christine Persson, Aniko Bartfai, Inga-Lill Boman
BACKGROUND: This interview study is a part of a project that evaluated sensor technology as a support in everyday activities for patients with memory impairment. AIM: To explore patients with memory impairment and their partners' experiences of using sensor technology in their homes. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Five patients with memory impairment after stroke and three partners were interviewed. Individual semi-structured interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Camilla Malinowsky, Mandana Fallahpour, Maria Larsson Lund, Louise Nygård, Anders Kottorp
BACKGROUND: In order to develop supporting interventions for people demonstrating problems ET use, a detailed level of description of strengths and deficits is needed. AIMS: To explore clusters of specific performance skill required when using ET, and to evaluate if and in what way such clusters are associated with age, gender, diagnosis, and types of ETs managed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of 661 data records from 203 heterogeneous samples of participants using the Management of Everyday Technology Assessment (META) was used...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
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