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Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428928/new-concepts-of-chronic-pain-and-the-potential-role-of-complementary-therapies
#1
Ken Wojcikowski, Vanessa J Vigar, Christopher J Oliver
Context • The mechanisms of chronic pain involve complex neuroplastic changes at all 3 orders of neurons involved in the transmission of pain as well as changes in the descending inhibitory pathway. Although traditional pharmaceutical therapies have some efficacy, substantial scope exists for a new model of individualized therapy, tailored to the specific response of each patient. Because changes occur at all levels of the pain pathway, successful treatment may require a combination of therapies with different mechanisms of action...
March 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428930/managing-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-through-personalized-care-a-case-report
#2
Keren Dolan, Heather Finley, Margo Gasta, Sasha Houseman
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) affects more than 14 million individuals in the United States, most of them women. Thyroid replacement therapy has long been the foundation of medical treatment for HT; however, recent research supports a role for nutritional approaches. This case report describes the management of a 34-y-old female with HT who declined thyroid replacement therapy and was successfully managed for a period of 5 mo. The patient was advised to follow a phytonutrient rich diet (eg, berries); avoid sensitive foods (gluten and soy); and consume quality fats, fermented foods, and filtered water...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428929/improvements-in-self-reported-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-with-prostate-health-supplement
#3
Isaac Eliaz, Elaine Weil, Barry Wilk
Context • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) produces lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that diminish quality of life. Conventional treatments are often accompanied by adverse side effects. By contrast, consumers of phytochemicals-based dietary supplements often report a reduction in symptoms without side effects. The field needs studies that quantify the strength and character of perceived benefits. Objectives • The study intended to quantify the character and strength of perceived improvements in LUTS in men, after the consumption of a prostate health supplement...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#4
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428926/immediate-changes-after-manual-therapy-in-patients-with-persistent-nonspecific-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, M Luz Sanchez-Sanchez, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Elena Marques-Sule
Context • Thoracic manipulation decreases pain and disability. However, when such manipulation is contraindicated, the use of other manual techniques based on the regional interdependence of the thoracic spine, upper ribs, and shoulders is an alternative approach. Objective • The study intended to investigate the immediate changes resulting from 3 manual therapy treatments on spinal mobility, flexibility, comfort, and pain perception in patients with persistent, nonspecific back pain as well as changes in their sense of physical well-being and their perception of change after treatment...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428925/adjuvant-therapy-yiqiditantongfu-decoction-with-external-diaphragm-pacer-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-difficulty-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation
#6
Cong He, Shan Ren, Quansheng Du, Yong Wang, Hui Liu, Heling Zhao, Limin Shen, Ling Long, Xianlei Wang
Context • Global morbidity from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high worldwide. Diaphragm pacing (DP) can maintain the natural, negative pressure breathing of COPD patients with diaphragmatic muscle dysfunction. The YiqiDitanTongfu (YDTF) decoction has been used clinically with COPD patients to help them to wean from mechanical ventilation, with their ventilation functions being improved and the success rate of weaning being largely increased. Objective • The study intended to investigate the combined therapeutic effects of external DP and the YDTF decoction for COPD patients who have had difficulty weaning from mechanical ventilation...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332026/medicinal-plant-materials-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-neurobiological-aspects
#7
Miłosz Jan Gołyszny, Ewa Obuchowicz
Context • Pathological anxiety, which affects approximately one-third of the world population, is an inadequate, irrational reaction of an organism to the environment and to a potential threat. Despite advancements in pharmacotherapy for anxiety disorders, further studies are still necessary to search for new substances possessing the desired anxiolytic effects, with as few unwanted effects as possible. Objective • This study intended to examine the characteristics of medicinal plant materials that exhibit anxiolytic properties, with a special emphasis on the mechanisms of action of their active ingredients on the systems involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332025/prolegomena-to-a-true-integrative-medical-paradigm
#8
Babak Daneshfard, Mohammad Reza Sanaye, Majid Nimrouzi
When a paradigm starts to show signs of failure to cope with significant questions in any basic/applied branch of human knowledge, there come on the scene those who have perused the related literature enough to either answer those major questions according to the established paradigm or proffer a (wholly) new way of looking at things. In the latter case, the history of science tells us, a paradigm shift takes place. Modern medicine cannot be proven to be totally disconnected from its traditional roots. Where traditional medicine came to give its place to present-day conventional medicine, a number of humanistic aspects of healing, in addition to some axioms of old wisdom, were actually lost...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332024/the-effects-of-apotel-and-remifentanil-on-postoperative-pain
#9
Alireza Kamali, Katayoun Vakilian, Leyli Mortazavi, Maryam Shokrpour
Context • One of the most common complications of a Caesarean section (C-section) is postoperative inflammation as well as operative and postoperative pain associated with the surgery. The control and mitigation of pain after surgery is the main goal of anesthesiologists. Objectives • This study aimed to compare the effects of intravenous apotel and remifentanil on postoperative pain control in women undergoing an elective C-section. Design • The research team designed a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332023/autonomic-response-testing-compared-with-immunoglobulin-e-allergy-panel-test-results-preliminary-report
#10
Autumn Frandsen, Mark McClure, Myung Kyu Chung, Patrick J LaRiccia
Context • Chronically ill patients who have failed standard medical assessment and therapies are often assessed by integrative medical providers for atypical manifestations of allergies as the possible source or contributing factor(s) to their condition. Skin testing and immunoglobulin E (IgE) allergy panels increase the cost of care in these patients. Objective • The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of autonomic response testing (ART) as compared with IgE allergy panel blood tests...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332022/comparative-antitussive-effects-of-medicinal-plants-and-their-constituents
#11
Saeideh Saadat, Farzaneh Shakeri, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Context • The cough is a protective reflex, with 2 types, one being more sensitive to mechanical stimulation and the other to chemical stimulation, such as sulfur dioxide, ammonia, citric acid, and capsaicin. Some evidence is available that suppressant therapy is most effective when used for the short-term reduction of coughing. Today, use of herbal drugs is increasing all over the world for various ailments, including to provide antitussive activity. Objective • The study intended to review the antitussive effects of various extracts, some fractions, and some constituents of the studied medicinal plants...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332021/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-fatigue-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Afitap Ozdelikara, Seval Agcadiken Alkan
Context • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the progressive nature of the disease, devastating symptoms adversely affect the patient's daily life and future expectations. This situation leads patients to seek complementary and alternative treatments. Objectives • This study was conducted to determine the effects of reflexology on fatigue severity and anxiety in patients with MS. Design • The research was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332020/predictors-of-improvements-in-mental-health-from-mindfulness-meditation-in-stressed-older-adults
#13
Barry S Oken, Elena Goodrich, Daniel Klee, Tabatha Memmott, Jeffrey Proulx
Context • The benefits of a mindfulness meditation (MM) intervention are most often evidenced by improvements in self-rated stress and mental health. Given the physiological complexity of the psychological stress system, it is likely that some people benefit significantly, whereas others do not. Clinicians and researchers could benefit from further exploration to determine which baseline factors can predict clinically significant improvements from MM. Objectives • The study intended to determine (1) whether the baseline measures for participants who significantly benefitted from MM training were different from the baseline measures of participants who did not, and (2) whether a classification analysis using a decision-tree, machine-learning approach could be useful in predicting which individuals would be most likely to improve...
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332019/a-review-of-the-evolution-of-ayurveda-in-the-united-states
#14
Marc Halpern
No Abstract Available.
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332018/the-epidemic-of-obesity
#15
Andrew W Campbell
No Abstract Available.
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135457/toward-an-explanatory-framework-for-yoga-therapy-informed-by-philosophical-and-ethical-perspectives
#16
Marlysa B Sullivan, Steffany Moonaz, Kristine Weber, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Laura Schmalzl
Context • Yoga Therapy is an emerging complementary and integrative health practice for which there is increasing interest from both clinical and research perspectives. Currently missing, however, is an explanatory framework for the profession that provides practitioners, clients, and the public with an understanding of how various yogic traditions and principles can be understood in modern health care contexts. Objective • This study proposes an explanatory framework for yoga therapy, informed by phenomenology, eudaimonia, virtue ethics, and first-person ethical inquiry...
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101774/dextrose-prolotherapy-for-chronic-shoulder-pain-a-case-report
#17
Casey Seenauth, Vance Inouye, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Shoulder pain is one of the most common pain complaints reported by patients. Consensus is lacking on its ideal treatment, and many different treatments are available and used. Prolotherapy is an injection-based therapy that has shown significant results in treating many common musculoskeletal pain conditions, including osteoarthritis, lateral epicondylosis, and low-back pain. Objective • The study intended to evaluate the use of dextrose prolotherapy in the treatment of shoulder pain. Design • The research team performed a case study...
January 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135458/immediate-effects-of-osteopathic-treatment-versus-therapeutic-exercise-on-patients-with-chronic-cervical-pain
#18
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Lars L Andersen, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
Context • Alternatives to medication for immediate pain relief are needed because long-term use of pain medication has been associated with adverse effects. High-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation techniques (MTs) and craniocervical flexion (CCF) exercises have been frequently used in the management of chronic cervical pain. Objective • The study intended to compare the immediate effects on pain of a treatment using HVLA manipulation versus one using a CCF exercise protocol. Design • The research team designed a single-blinded, randomized clinical trial...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135456/probiotics-and-their-use-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Muhammad Amer, Muhammad Nadeem, Saeed Ur Rashid Nazir, Maira Fakhar, Fatima Abid, Qurat-Ul Ain, Elliyah Asif
Context • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis result in similar gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, including pain, diarrhea, stools with mucus or blood, and ulceration or tissue damage within the alimentary canal. Gut microbiota play a crucial role in triggering, maintaining, and exacerbating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Probiotics might help to rebalance the gut flora in a positive way, shifting from pro- to anti-inflammatory. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and use of probiotics and the biological effects of probiotic bacteria on IBD...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112942/acupuncture-for-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Tong Liu, Jia-Ni Yu, Bing-Yan Cao, Yuan-Yuan Peng, Yu-Pei Chen, Li Zhang
Context • Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common complaints among young women. Acupuncture has been widely applied as a therapeutic modality in China and abroad for PD; however, the evidence for its benefits is still not convincing. Objective • The study intended to conduct a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the evidence regarding the use of acupuncture in treating PD. Design • The research team retrieved reports for RCTs published in 7 databases from their inception to March 2016, with no language restrictions: PubMed, Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, the Chinese Biomedical database, and the Wanfang database...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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