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Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236622/antidiabetic-antioxidant-and-hypolipidemic-potential-of-sonchus-asper-hill
#1
Rahmat Ali Khan
Context • The recently growing occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the world is of immense concern. Sonchus asper Hill (SA) is traditionally used in the treatment of diabetes and urinary disorders in Pakistan. Objective • The present study intended to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of a Sonchus asper methanol extract (SAME) in rats. Design • Thirty male, Sprague-Dawley rats, from 180 to 190 g each, were randomly divided into 5 groups of 6 rats each and received the following treatments: (1) group 1 (untreated control group) administered distilled water only; (2) group 2 administered 200 mg/kg of SAME only; (3) group 3 (diabetic control group) administered 55 mg/kg body weight (BW) of streptozotocin (STZ) in distilled water to induce diabetes; (4) group 4 administered 55 mg/kg BW of STZ in distilled water to induce diabetes and given 100 mg/kg of SAME; and (5) group 5 administered 55 mg/kg BW of STZ to induce diabetes and administered 200 mg/kg of SAME...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236621/proapoptotic-and-growth-inhibitory-effects-of-plumbagin-on-human-gastric-cancer-cells-via-suppression-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3-and-protein-kinase-b
#2
Jing Li, Jia Li, Guowei Cai, Lin Shen, Furong Lu
Context • Gastric cancer (GC) is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. The current treatments include surgery and chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with radiotherapy, but the prognosis for patients with GC is usually poor. A safe and effective chemopreventive treatment for this malignant disease is urgently needed. Objective • The study intended to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of plumbagin, a quinonoid constituent that is derived from the roots of the medicinal plant Plumbago zeylanica, which exhibits potent anticancer properties against a number of cancers...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236620/influence-of-huang-lian-jie-du-decoction-on-quorum-sensing-system-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#3
Fei Xia, Lihua Ye, Ping Wang, Mingwei Zhang
Context • Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P aeruginosa) is an opportunistic and nosocomial, Gram-negative pathogen that is characteristic of quorum sensing (QS) modulation. QS inhibition (QSI) is considered to be a new approach to antimicrobial treatment that may reduce issues of antibiotic resistance. Traditional Chinese herbs have been recognized as a source of QSI. Objective • This study was intended to investigate whether the Huang Lian Jie Du decoction (HLJJD) possesses the ability to produce anti-QS activity...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236619/comparison-between-acupuncture-and-biofeedback-as-adjunctive-treatments-for-primary-insomnia-disorder
#4
Hsien-Te Huang, Shang-Lun Lin, Chi-Hung Lin, Dong-Sheng Tzeng
Context • Insomnia affects from 5% to 35% of the general population worldwide. Primary insomnia disorder is the most frequently diagnosed, sleep-related disorder. Pharmacological treatments remain the most widely used treatments for insomnia. Nonpharmacological treatments for primary insomnia disorder have been found to be effective. Objective • This study intended to determine the appropriateness of acupuncture and biofeedback as adjuncts to medication for primary insomnia disorder. Design • The research team designed a randomized, controlled study...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236618/common-1h-mrs-characteristics-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-dementia-diagnosed-with-kidney-essence-deficiency-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#5
Zhongwei Guo, Xiaozheng Liu, Yulin Cao, Hongtao Hou, Xingli Chen, Yongcan Chen, Feihua Huang, Wei Chen
Context • Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) indicates that both Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VD) should be categorized as dementia and that they have a common etiology and pathogenesis under TCM classification of syndromes, such as with kidney essence deficiency syndrome (KEDS). The pathological location is mainly in the brain. However, it remains unclear whether AD and VD patients with KEDS exhibit a metabolic commonality in the same region of the brain. Objective • The study intended to investigate the metabolic characteristics of the brain using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) in patients with AD and VD who had been diagnosed with KEDS...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236617/an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-gagging-through-acupressure-for-an-edentulous-patient-a-case-report
#6
Saravanan Thirumalai Thangarajan, Ramasamy Chidambaram, Padmanabhan Thallam Veeravalli, Kasim Mohamed
The gag reflex is a physiological reaction, which safeguards the airway from foreign bodies. In some people, this response is exaggerated to the extent that the acceptance/provision of dental treatment becomes impossible. Management of patients with gagging involves many different approaches. The aim of this report is to illustrate the role of acupressure in controlling gagging, because it is a safe, affordable, quick, and relatively noninvasive technique.
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236616/nuclear-factor-kb-and-inhibitor-of-kb-acupuncture-protection-against-acute-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-rodents
#7
Wei Huang, Zhongyu Zhou, Bijiang Wan, Guang Chen, Jia Li
Context • Acute, focal, cerebral ischemic stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Acupuncture is an emerging alternative therapy for treatment of acute brain ischemia. Nevertheless, the precise mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effects of acupuncture has not been elucidated. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and nuclear factor of κ light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cell inhibitor alpha (IκB-α) are involved in cerebral inflammation. However, the involvement of NF-κB and IκB-α in the protective effects of acupuncture on ischemic tolerance remains unknown...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236615/effects-of-music-therapy-on-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-participating-in-aerobic-exercise-therapy
#8
Marina Deljanin Ilic, Radmila F Pavlovic, Gordana Kocic, Dejan Simonovic, Gordana Lazarevic
Context • Pleasant music that evokes a positive emotional response may activate brain pathways of the insular cortex, central nucleus of the amygdala, and lateral hypothalamus, which are involved in the integration of emotional and ambient sensory input, with corresponding autonomic responses. Exercise training can improve endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, both in epicardial coronary vessels and in resistance vessels, for patients with coronary heart disease. Objective • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects on endothelial function when patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) listened to their favorite music...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236614/treatment-of-athlete-s-plantar-warts-using-a-botanical-blend-a-case-report
#9
Erik O Nelson, Adam F Kozin, Guillermo Ruiz, Arben Lasku, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Viral plantar warts, or verruca plantaris, are a benign epithelial tumor caused by various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV). Current treatments have had mixed degrees of success, are moderately invasive, and are often incompatible with participation in sports. Objective • The study intended to examine the benefits of treating plantar warts with a topical, botanical blend that has had clinical success treating herpes simplex virus cold sores. Methods • A synergistic botanical blend was applied topically...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236613/ayurvedic-profiling-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Dale E Bredesen, Rammohan V Rao
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-associated, progressive neurodegenerative disease that is characterized by severe memory loss, personality changes, and an overall decline in cognitive function. The cause of AD is not yet completely defined and efforts to find a cure for it have so far been disappointing. AD is one of the most significant health care problems nationally and globally. Recently, we described a personalized therapeutic approach called metabolic enhancement for neurodegeneration (MEND) that successfully reversed the cognitive decline in patients with early AD...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236612/determining-the-effects-of-geraniol-on-liver-regeneration-via-the-nuclear-factor-kb-pathway-after-partial-hepatectomy
#11
Emre Ceyhan, Mediha Canbek
Context • Nuclear factor kB (NF-κB) is a dimeric transcription factor that is involved in the regulation of regenerative and apoptosic genes and plays a key role in liver regeneration after a partial hepatectomy (PH). Complementary medicine is used to treat various diseases and can be obtained from a large number of plants that are found in nature. One such plant is geraniol, and no studies have yet occurred assessing its in vivo effects on liver regeneration. Objective • The current study intended to assess the effects of geraniol on liver regeneration after a 70% PH in rats...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160765/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-dialysis-patients
#12
Ronit Koren, Hadas Zafrir Danieli, Keren Doenyas-Barak, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Ahuva Golik
Context • The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been on the rise in the last decade. Subpopulations of patients with chronic diseases are at risk for adverse events and potential drug-herb interactions, among them dialysis patients. Objective • The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CAM consumption among dialysis patients and to search for potential interactions. Design • The study was cross-sectional, based on questionnaires. Setting • The study occurred in the hemodialysis unit at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center (Zeriffin, Israel)...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#13
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160763/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#14
Özlem Ceyhan, Songul Göris, Nevin Dogan, Sevda Korkut Bayındır
Context • Hemodialysis (HD) is a frequently used method for the treatment of chronic renal failure. Patients show many symptoms and problems, depending on the success of HD and the disease. Today, one of the most commonly used methods, in addition to pharmacological treatments, for ensuring symptom control and reinforcing a patient's well-being is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Objectives • The study was conducted to determine the benefits of the use of CAM for patients undergoing HD. Design • The study was descriptive...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160762/dietary-therapy-in-patients-with-inflammatory-arthritis
#15
Rauli Mäkelä, Heli Mäkilä, Ritva Peltomaa
Context • The exact etiology of rheumatoid disease is currently unknown. Changes in the microbiota of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, chronic bacterial infection of the upper urinary tract, increased permeability of the GI tract, and food sensitivities have been classified among the factors that may cause or aggravate the disease. Dietary deficiencies also may render patients more susceptible to inflammatory conditions and disorders of the immunological system. Objective • The study intended to determine the effects of a therapy consisting of dietary elimination, dietary supplements, and probiotics, collectively called DDP therapy, which is given either independently or in combination with conventional pharmacological agents...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160761/efficacy-of-an-ayurvedic-formulation-for-mild-to-moderate-osteoarthritis-a-phase-3-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Milind Dattatraya Modak, Mohini Prajak Barde
Context • Current treatment options offer only symptomatic pain relief for patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Thus, a need exists for effective treatment of the disability-causing disease. The proprietary polyherbal formulation, Nartana, has been used for several years for OA. Objective • The study intended to compare the benefits of the herbal formulation with those of routinely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for patients with mild-to-moderate OA. Design • The research team designed a phase 3, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized controlled study...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160760/wrist-ankle-acupuncture-increases-pain-thresholds-in-healthy-adults
#17
Hai-Jin Bi, Guo-Cheng Wu, Yu-Yu He, Hong-Yun Chen, Shuang Zhou, Qing-Hui Zhou
Context • Wrist-ankle acupuncture (WAA) has been used to relieve both chronic and acute pain in China. Some research has shown that WAA can increase the pain thresholds in pain patients, but the ability of WAA to affect the pain thresholds in healthy adults is unknown. Objective • The study intended to assess the influence of WAA on the pain thresholds of healthy adults. Design • This is an observational study. Setting • This study was conducted in the School of Traditional Chinese Medicine at the Second Military Medical University (Shanghai, China)...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#18
Robert Hedaya
: Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160758/a-model-for-integrative-transformation-a-back-pain-group-appointment-program
#19
Keith S Rayburn
A back pain treatment program was developed for the outpatient, primary care clinic setting. In this pilot study, measured functional status scores improved in a cohort of patients enrolled in the program. The program consists of a series of 5 monthly group appointments and follows a sequential curriculum involving multiple therapeutic modalities. These modalities include exercise, social interaction, motivation/raison d'être, holistic coaching, music, and behavioral modelling. The program provides a forum for the discussion and implementation of complementary and alternative approaches, alongside mainstream approaches, and represents a model of integrative medical practice...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866180/positive-effects-of-uyakujunkisan-therapy-kampo-medicine-for-postherpetic-neuralgia-with-concomitant-pregabalin-two-case-reports-with-a-literature-review
#20
Toshiaki Kogure, Naoyuki Harada, Kanoko Yamamoto, Takeshi Tatsumi
Context • The hallmark of herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful, blistering rash, but neuropathic pain can persist beyond the clearing of the rash and is diagnosed as postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a chronic pain syndrome. However, the pain in PHN is often refractory to treatment. Objective • The study investigated the ability of Uyakujunkisan (UJS), or Kampo medicine, a traditional herbal medicine, to treat PHN successfully. Design • The study was observational, with discussion of 2 cases. Setting • The study took place in the Department of Japanese Oriental Medicine at Gunma Central and General Hospital (Maebashi, Gunma, Japan)...
November 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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