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Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

James Gamble, Henry O'Lawrence
This study was designed to determine if 12-Steps groups efficacy for substance abuse treatment significantly improve abstinence rates of heroin addicts in the short run and long run (1-year and 5-year period); and if abstinence rates are found to be lower for heroin addicts that have attended 12-Step groups at the 1-year mark, and if similar results would be expected at the 5-year mark. Secondary data from the Inter-University Consortium of Political and Social Research (ICPSR) was extracted and analyzed for the aforementioned hypothesis...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Joseph N Inungu, Cyprien E Zinsou, Younis Mustafa, Narcisse Singbo
Improving access to safe drinking water is a critical step in mitigating diarrheal diseases that affect millions of children under 5 years throughout the developing world each year. While the delivery of safe water is out of the reach of many countries, the utilization of Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) is a proven cost-effective alternative to prevent diarrhea caused by waterborne pathogens. However, its uptake remains low in many developing countries, such as the Republic of Benin. This study examines the trends and the determinants of NaDCC uptake in Benin...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Hamda Khansaheb, Ayman Hussein, Samer Hamidi, David Brown, Mustafa Z Younis
The United Arab Emirate (UAE) of Dubai, faces significant adolescent health problems. In 2009, evidence based clinical guidelines were developed for primary health care professionals in Dubai to help reduce adolescent health problems. This research study explores adolescents' self-reports about health education services received between 2008 and 2010. The sample consisted of 730 public high school students in grades 10 through 12 between the ages of 15 and 19. 357 (48.9%) of the sample were males and 373 (51...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Pierre K Alexandre, Seungyoung Hwang, Kimberly B Roth, Joseph J Gallo, William W Eaton
BACKGROUND: Many persons with depressive disorder are not treated and associated costs are not recorded. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To determine whether major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with higher medical cost among Medicare recipients. METHODS: Four waves of the Baltimore-Epidemiologic Catchment Area (Baltimore ECA) Study conducted between 1981 and 2004 were linked to Medicare claims data for the years 1999 to 2004 from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Gang Nathan Dong
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the hospital management practices of manipulating financial earnings within the bounds of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). STUDY DESIGN: We conduct regression analyses that relate earnings management to hospital characteristics to assess the economic determinants of hospital earnings management behavior. METHOD AND DATA: From the CMS Cost Reports we collected hospital financial data of all U.S...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Brooke D Borrayo, Henry O'Lawrence
This study uses the data set from Kaiser Permanente to examine the post implementation of a preventive and chronic care that utilizes clinical information system, delivery system design, and clinical decision support to maximize the office visit. The analysis suggests a significant positive relationship between frequency of utilization rates to address preventive and chronic care gaps. There is no implication of a significant positive relationship with the successfully captured rate, which satisfies closing the care gap within 45 days...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Hassan Younies, Raed J K Elzenaty, Swapna Gantasala, Emeka Nwagwu
This study has been designed to address the issue of the forecasting of the healthcare needs of the United Arab Emirate (UAE) from 1974 to 2011. This includes predicting the health system's need for hospitals and hospital beds, as well as the public health manpower (example, physicians, nurses) requirements. The analysis was based on historical data: the number of hospitals, number of nurses, number of hospital beds, which have been posited as the measures of life expectancy in the Emirate. The study found that, although significant changes designed to enhance public health outcomes in the UAE have been made, beds to population ratio was the most significant factor in enhancing healthcare and the public health...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Andrew P Reimer, Nicholas Schiltz, Siran M Koroukian, Elizabeth A Madigan
The aim of this descriptive study was to establish and describe the national incidence, cost, and outcomes of patients that undergo medical transfer. Using discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2011, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the dataset was analyzed using weighted frequency distribution. Approximately 1.6 million patients are transferred yearly. Transferred patients experience a mean length of stay of 9.3 days (std dv 13.5) versus 4.3 days for patients not transferred (std dv 6...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Jack Smothers, Randa Doleh, Kevin Celuch, Joy Peluchette, Kevin Valadares
This study investigates (1) if communication with one's supervisor is related to empowerment through establishing perceptions of leader integrity, and (2) the extent to which the relationship between leader integrity and empowerment is moderated by intellectual stimulation. Due to the dynamic nature of today's organizational environment, understanding the nuances among these variables is vital to effective performance at the individual and organizational level. Hierarchical multiple regression tests were performed with a sample of 259 nurses in two regional healthcare facilities in the Midwestern United States...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Elizabeth A Vandewaa, David L Turnipseed, Georgie Cain
The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and desirable nursing behaviors, measured as organizational citizenship beehavior (OCB). We used Mayer and Salovey's (1997) four-dimensional model of emotional intelligence and Organ's (1988) OCB construct to test the EI-OCB relationships. Using a sample of 137 clinical nurses, and analyzing the data with hierarchical multiple regressions, we obtained results indicating that the EI dimension perceiving emotion was linked to conscientiousness, and facilitating thinking wvas linked to civic virtue...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Doohee Lee, Ivan Muslin, Marjorie McInerney
Home health aides are one of our essential human resources in the U.S. long-term care industry but understanding whether home health aides experience racial discrimination in the workplace and, if so, which personal/organizational factors are associated at the national level has been unnoticed. Using a nationally representative sample (n=3377), we attempt to investigate the association between racial discrimination and personal and organizational factors. The study found the 13.5% prevalence rate of racial discrimination...
2016: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Nicholas Castle, Douglas M Olson, Kathryn Hyer, John Sheridan, Jamie Ferguson-Rome, David Wolf, Robert Burke
This study examines the association between nursing home administrators (NHAs) professional membership, certification, and fellow status with quality indicators in nursing homes. Membership, certification, and fellow information (representing increasing levels of participation) originated from the American College of Health Care Administrators (ACHCA). ACHCA is a professional association which represents long-term care administrators. The Quality Measures reported on the Nursing Home Compare web-site, and facility information from the On-line Survey Certification of Automated Records (OSCAR) were used...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
James Dockins, Ramzi Abuzahrieh, Martin Stack
OBJECTIVE: To translate and adapt an effective, validated, benchmarked, and widely used patient satisfaction measurement tool for use with an Arabic-speaking population. DESIGN: Translation of survey's items, survey administration process development, evaluation of reliability, and international benchmarking SETTING: Three hundred-bed tertiary care hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: 645 patients discharged during 2011 from the hospital's inpatient care units...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
James M Brasfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Philip Rocco
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is a complex piece of legislation that requires a high level of collaboration between actors at multiple levels of government, federal and state, to successfully implement its provisions. However, the polarized political environment in which the law was passed has created roadblocks for implementation, with Republican governors claiming that they will not negotiate with federal agencies over many of the law's key details. Though the decisions of governors and of state legislatures are critical for policy implementation, much of the effort will require administrators at multiple levels of government, and often with different preferences, to collaborate with one another to set policy priorities and oversee the operation of key features of the law...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Edward J Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Ruolz Ariste
Physician spending has substantially increased over the last few years in Canada to reach $27.4 billion in 2010. Total clinical payment to physicians has grown at an average annual rate of 7.6% from 2004 to 2010. The key policy question is whether or not this additional money has bought more physician services. So, the purpose of this study is to understand if we are paying more for the same amount of medical services in Canada or we are getting more bangs for our buck. At the same time, the paper attempts to find out whether or not there is a productivity difference between family physician services and surgical procedures...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Amy Landry, Cathleen Erwin
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) are used in healthcare organizations to address both clinical and managerial functions. Despite their prevalence, little is known about how team processes work to facilitate effectiveness among MDT leadership teams. PURPOSE: This study explores perceptions of MDT participation experienced by organizational leaders in healthcare organizations in the United States. METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A survey of American College of Healthcare Executives members was conducted to assess involvement and perceptions of MDTs among health care management professionals...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Deborah B Smith, Nancy E Day
The Family Development Credential (FDC) Training offers an innovative interagency training for human service workers within a community. We use a mixed-methods approach to evaluate the impact of FDC on work-related self-efficacy beliefs. Quantitative data found FDC participants increased their levels of positive self-efficacy beliefs and had no change in negative self-efficacy beliefs; a comparison group saw no change in positive self-efficacy beliefs but increased their levels of negative self-efficacy beliefs...
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
Gabriel S Tajeu, Abby Swanson Kazley, Nir Menachemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Health and Human Services Administration
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