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Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260204/risk-factors-associated-with-small-ruminant-lentiviruses-in-sheepfold-buildings
#1
Wiktor Bojar, Andrzej Junkuszew, Paulina Dudko, Monika Olech, Zbigniew Olesiński, Tomasz Gruszecki, Jacek Kuźmiak
INTRODUCTION: Small-ruminant lentivirus (SRLV) infection is widespread across Europe. It causes substantial economic losses in sheep breeding. The main route of SRLV infection is through the mother's milk, especially colostrum However, infection can also occur via contact between infected and healthy animals. It should be noted that the mechanisms of contact infection are still relatively poorly understood. The virus can also spread through a flock via an aerogenic mechanism. OBJECTIVE: Due to the increased risk of SRLV infection in sheep bred in an alcove system, this study sought to define the effect of various selected factors associated with alcove breeding on the frequency of SRLV infection in sheep...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260202/use-of-the-ipaq-questionnaire-in-the-form-of-a-mobile-application-in-monitoring-physical-activity-of-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#2
Tomasz Saran, Jakub Owoc, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION: Systematic, dynamic physical effort brings about tremendous health benefits, not only in young individuals, but as a form of primary prevention, and primarily as secondary prevention of cardiovascular system diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research project was conducted in the Rehabilitation Centre at the Witold Chodźko Institute of Rural Health (IMW) in Lublin, Poland, and covered a group of 927 ambulatory patients. From among the study group, two subgroups were distinguished (Groups 1 and 2)...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260201/selected-aspects-of-integrated-environmental-management
#3
REVIEW
Terézia Pošiváková, Rudolf Hromada, Ján Pošivák, Ladislav Molnár, Jarmila Harvanová
Current trends in environmental care are characterised by the principles of comprehensiveness, integration, interdisciplinarity and transregionality. It is in this spirit that the methodological, legislative and economic instruments develop, and this whole trend is referred to using the term 'environmental management'. Environmental management constitutes a set of technical instruments and methods for managing the environment, based upon an identification of the environmental aspects of products, activities and services of any type of organisation, with the aim to adopt and implement effective proactive measures to reduce their negative impact on the environment...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260200/badgers-as-a-potential-source-of-bovine-tuberculosis-first-studies-in-poland
#4
Marek Lipiec, Krzysztof Nowakowski, Łukasz Radulski, Wojciech Iwaniak, Agnieszka Ważna
Since 2009, Poland has been recognized as a country officially free of bovine tuberculosis (BTB). However, new outbreaks are each year quoted. In many countries it has been shown that badgers (<i>Meles meles</i>) are a vector of <i>Mycobacterium bovis/caprae</i> (<i>M.bovis/caprae</i>) and a source of bovine tuberculosis for many domestical species, mainly for cattle. The aim of the presented study was to determine, for the first time in Poland, the occurrence of tuberculosis in badgers in areas where the disease occurs in cattle...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260199/genetic-diversity-and-pathogenicity-of-blastocystis
#5
REVIEW
Bogumiła Skotarczak
<i>Blastocystis</i> is a unicellular, anaerobic protist which lives in the intestinal tract of diverse animals, including humans. It was found that the host specificity and the pathogenic potential of different isolates are correlated with sequence variations in the SSU-rRNA gene. Identification of the organism to the species level is still an unresolved challenge. Genetic diversity revisions have led to the identification of 17 subtypes (STs) within the <i>Blastocystis</i> genus, and 9 (ST1 to ST9) have been reported in humans with varying prevalence...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260198/ige-dependent-sensitization-in-patients-with-copd
#6
Andrzej Bożek, Barbara Rogala
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the differences between asthma and COPD on the basis of the prevalence and profile of IgE-dependent sensitization to inhaled allergens, and the blood serum levels of select Th1/Th2 cytokines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 103 patients with COPD (114 patients with asthma and 121 controls) were included in the study. A skin prick test with common inhaled allergens was performed, and serum levels of IgE were measured in all subjects...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260197/retrospective-assessment-of-specific-effects-of-exposure-of-workers-to-pcbs-in-slovakia
#7
Tatiana Kimáková, Zuzana Nevolná, Janka Vašková, Vladimír Bencko
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been used commercially since 1929 as dielectric and insulating non-flammable substances, additives for paints, etc. In Slovakia, 60 chemical production workers highly exposed to PCBs (mainly to Delor 103) were studied with duration of exposure ranging from 3 months to 19 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical examinations of skin, skin histology and laboratory tests concerning lipid metabolism, iron metabolism and levels of copper provided comparisons with a control group of healthy individuals and/or the upper limits of normal values...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260196/the-association-between-paracetamol-use-and-the-risk-of-asthma-rhinitis-and-eczema-in-the-polish-population
#8
Agnieszka Lipiec, Zbigniew M Wawrzyniak, Adam J Sybilski, Urszula Samolińska-Zawisza, Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Barbara Piekarska, Grażyna Dulny, Bożenna Stankiewicz-Choroszucha, Filip Raciborski, Bolesław Samoliński
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of epidemiological studies suggest that paracetamol, which is commonly used in children, may be a risk factor for asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine and characterize the correlation between paracetamol use and asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema symptoms in the Polish population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study is part of the ECAP project involving the use of the ISAAC and ECRHS questionnaires...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260195/modal-analysis-and-acoustic-noise-characterization-of-a-grain-crusher
#9
Wojciech Tanaś, Jan Szczepaniak, Jacek Kromulski, Mariusz Szymanek, Jacek Tanaś, Maciej Sprawka
INTRODUCTION: Noise is one of the most important physical factors occurring in private farmers' working environment. Hazardous noise exposures and hearing loss have been documented among farmers and farm workers for many years. In most cases, reducing the amplitude of vibratory motion of elements in a machine will reduce the noise generated by the machine element. The authors present the results on studies performed on a grain crusher with the aim of optimizing their acoustic behaviour...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260194/changes-in-occupational-asthma-during-four-decades-in-slovakia-central-europe
#10
Slavomír Perečinský, Lenka Murínová, Peter Kalanin, Andrea Jančová, Ľubomír Legáth
INTRODUCTION: Occupational asthma (OA) is the most common occupational lung disease in industrialized countries; however, in Western Europe, a decline in the prevalence of OA and changes in etiological factors has been recorded. Data from Central Europe, where in the past healthcare and economy sectors were different, are rare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to discover the changes related to OA during a four decade long period in the Slovak Republic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included patients whom OA was reported during 1980-2016...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260193/serum-selenium-levels-are-associated-with-age-related-cataract
#11
Michał Post, Wojciech Lubiński, Jan Lubiński, Karol Krzystolik, Piotr Baszuk, Magdalena Muszyńska, Wojciech Marciniak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to analyse correlations between age-related cataract (ARC), serum selenium levels and glutathione peroxidase gene 1 and 4 (GPX-1 and GPX-4). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total sample of 275 participants were enrolled into the study: group A, 94 subjects elligible for ARC surgery, and group B, 181 volunteers without ocular symptoms, gender-, age-, and smoking- status and volume-matched at 1:2 with subjects in group A. All participants (n=275) were divided according to the Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III) into: 1) study group (subjects with clinically significant cataract; N≥3 or C≥3 or P≥2), 2) control group (controls with clinically non-significant cataract; N<3 and C<3 and P<2)...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260192/reducing-environmental-pollution-by-chemical-herbicides-using-natural-plant-derivatives-allelopathy-effect
#12
Ghassan Faris Al-Samarai, Wael M Mahdi, Baraa Mohammed Al-Hilali
INTRODUCTION: Weeds are an important factor in determining production in the agricultural sector. Currently, weeds have been managed by employing synthetic weedicides chemicals. These chemicals have a negative impact on the environment through accumulation in soil and water, in addition to their effect on biological diversity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A study was undertaken to evaluate the activity of the aqueous extract of leaves from; Nerium (Nerium oleander L), olives (Olea europaea L) and castor (Ricinus communis L) on the control of Cyperus rotundus L...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260191/surgical-method-of-treatment-and-level-of-satisfaction-with-life-among-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-according-to-time-elapsed-since-performance-of-surgery
#13
Elżbieta Cipora, Magdalena Konieczny, Irena Dorota Karwat, Wojciech Roczniak, Magdalena Babuśka-Roczniak
INTRODUCTION: In women diagnosed with breast cancer one of the methods most commonly applied in therapy is surgical treatment, which consists in a breast conserving surgery or total removal of the breast. The applied type of surgical treatment may exert an effect on the satisfaction with life of the women. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was evaluation of the satisfaction with life among women surgically treated for breast cancer, according to the type of surgery on the breast, and the time elapsed since its performance...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260190/contamination-of-selected-recreational-areas-in-lublin-province-eastern-poland-by-eggs-of-toxocara-spp-ancylostoma-spp-and-trichuris-spp
#14
Hubert Bojar, Teresa Kłapeć
INTRODUCTION: While using recreational areas, people take with them accompanying animals (dogs, cats). These animals are the main source and reservoir of dangerous zoonoses, including parasitoses caused by genera of nematodes, also called roundworms, Toxocara spp., Trichuris spp. and Ancylostoma spp. Attention should also be paid to the possibility of contamination of recreational areas with the eggs of intestinal parasites by wild animals (e.g. red fox). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sand was collected on beaches and leisure terrains located in recreational areas in Zwierzyniec, Rudka reservoir on the river Wieprz, 'Echo' reservoir, accessible to tourists to the Roztocze National Park, and the 'Florianiecki' reservoir, chich is inaccessible to tourists due to its location in the depths of the National Park...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260189/molecular-identification-of-trichomonas-tenax-in-the-oral-environment-of-domesticated-animals-in-poland-potential-effects-of-host-diversity-for-human-health
#15
Monika Dybicz, Konrad Perkowski, Wanda Baltaza, Marcin Padzik, Aleksandra Sędzikowska, Lidia Chomicz
INTRODUCTION: The protozoan <i>Trichomonas tenax</i> is considered to be a human specific flagellate of the oral cavity, found in humans with poor oral hygiene and advanced periodontal disease. Morphological variability and great similarity between species occurring in humans and animals, complicate the specific identification of trichomonads, using microscopic examination and other standard parasitological techniques. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to search for and identify <i>T...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260188/takayasu-s-arteritis-a-rare-disease-in-poland
#16
Krzysztof Kanecki, Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Piotr Zbigniew Tyszko, Paweł Goryński, Roman Smolarczyk, Katarzyna Suchta
INTRODUCTION: Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare and potentially life-threatening granulomatous large-vessel vasculitis that involves mostly in the aorta and its proximal branches, and occurs most commonly in young females. This study measures the incidence and prevalence of TA, and assesses the gender distribution and territorial differences in the occurrences of this disease in Poland over a five-year period. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of this rare disease in Poland based on a hospital morbidity database...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260187/the-role-of-companion-animals-in-the-environmental-circulation-of-tick-borne-bacterial-pathogens
#17
REVIEW
Bogumiła Skotarczak
Ticks are known as vectors of a wide range of pathogens of medical and veterinary importance; some of them of zoonotic concern constitute a hazard for the emergence of tick-borne diseases shared between humans and domestic animals and becoming a part of the 'One Health' concept. Canine and feline tick-borne diseases have emerged in recent years, performing an extensive geographic distribution and enlarged global prevalence. The present review focuses on the recent epidemiological studies on the emergence of tick-borne bacterial pathogens in dogs and cats, and the discussion whether pet ownership increases the risk of tick-borne diseases...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260186/ergonomic-conditions-in-manual-harvesting-in-swedish-outdoor-cultivation
#18
Stefan Pinzke, Lillian Lavesson
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Ergonomic problems in manual labour in agriculture are well known worldwide. This study investigates the ergonomic conditions during manual work in Swedish outdoor vegetable/berry cultivation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire on work and health conditions was sent to all growers of vegetables and strawberries in Sweden. Workplace studies with video recordings and observations of work operations and positions at harvest were performed...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260185/fish-and-fish-products-as-risk-factors-of-mercury-exposure
#19
Tatiana Kimáková, Lucia Kuzmová, Zuzana Nevolná, Vladimír Bencko
INTRODUCTION: Mercury is ubiquitous in the biosphere, occurring in the air, water, land, and soil, as well as in living organisms. Excessive exposure to mercury is associated with a wide range of adverse health effects including damage to the central nervous system and the kidneys. Mercury exists in many different forms in the environment which produce various patterns of toxicity. Protection of the food chain from contamination by mercury is an important task in the protection of health of the human population...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260184/analysis-of-checklists-for-agricultural-safety-management
#20
Hyocher Kim, Kimmo Räsänen, Hyeseon Chae, Kyungsuk Lee
INTRODUCTION: The current health and safety management system under the Occupational Health and Safety Act has avoided agriculture in Korea. It is important to consider the various safety systems used in agricultural health and safety to develop effective regulations. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to classify and review the items from various checklists using safety systems, such as design, training, etc., ultimately aimed at proposing directions for improving the health and safety of farmers...
September 25, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
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