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Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

Christian Schlechtriem, Sebastian Kampe, Hans-Jörg Bruckert, Ina Bischof, Ina Ebersbach, Verena Kosfeld, Matthias Kotthoff, Christoph Schäfers, Jacques L'Haridon
Bioconcentration factors (BCF) for regulatory purposes are usually determined by fish flow-through tests according to technical guidance document OECD 305. Fish bioconcentration studies are time consuming, expensive, and use many laboratory animals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca can be used as an alternative test organism for bioconcentration studies. Fourteen substances of different hydrophobicity (log Kow 2.4-7.6) were tested under flow-through conditions to determine steady state and kinetic bioconcentration factors (BCFss and BCFk )...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Durairaj Kaliannan, Senthilkumar Palaninaicker, Velmurugan Palanivel, Mahadik A Mahadeo, Bulakhe N Ravindra, Shim Jae-Jin
Saccharum officinarum leaves (SL) assisted nano-silica (NS) were synthesized and used as adsorbent to remove Pb2+ and Zn2+ from aqueous solutions. The crystalline nature, functional group, and morphology structure of synthesized NS were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) with EDS mapping, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The surface area and charge of the NS were also analyzed by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and zeta potential analysis...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Shoujuan Li, Lei Yang, Liding Chen, Fangkai Zhao, Long Sun
Complex land use patterns and intense human activities significantly affect the spatial distribution of heavy metals in soils. This is especially true in peri-urban areas. The land use in peri-urban areas is complex and the risk of heavy metal pollution is relatively high. Identifying the correlations between land use patterns and spatial distribution of heavy metals in peri-urban soils is important for enhancing soil security and sustaining soil ecosystem services in areas undergoing rapid urbanisation. In this study, soil samples were collected from 82 experimental sites in a typical peri-urban watershed in eastern China...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xueqian Wang, Mengxue Guo, Ran Zhang, Ping Ning, Yixing Ma, Qiang Ma, Langlang Wang
This study focuses on the removal of C4 H4 S using DC corona discharge plasma. The influences of various factors such as C4 H4 S concentration (ppm), temperature (°C), O2 concentration (%), and dust concentration (mg/m3 ) on the conversion of C4 H4 S were studied. Furthermore, gaseous compositions were determined using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Solid products, which were collected from earth and discharge electrodes, were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that, under the condition of DC corona discharge plasma, C4 H4 S converted to CO, CO2 , S, SO2 , and SO4 2- , and that the conversion rate increased with the increase in specific input energy (SIE)...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ren-Yu Wang, Wei Zhang, Li-Ying Zhang, Tian Hua, Gang Tang, Xiao-Qian Peng, Ming-Hui Hao, Qi-Ting Zuo
This study mainly focuses on the preparation, characterization, and sorption performance for Cu(II) and Zn(II) by using nano-alumina material (NA) synthesized through the sol-gel method. The SEM, EDS, FT-IR, and XRD analysis methods were implemented to identify the micromorphology and crystal structure of the synthesized NA absorbent and its structure after the adsorbing procedure. The effect of effective variables including various absorbent dose, contact time, initial ion concentration, and temperature on the removal of Cu(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous solution by using NA was investigated through a single factor experiment...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Letícia Nascimento Côrtes, Susanne Pedroso Druzian, Angélica Fátima Mantelli Streit, Tito Roberto Sant'anna Cadaval Junior, Gabriela Carvalho Collazzo, Guilherme Luiz Dotto
Activated carbon and biochar were obtained from chicken bone (CB), characterized, and applied to remove basic fuchsine from aqueous media. The adsorbent dosage and pH effects were studied, as well as kinetic, equilibrium, and thermodynamic curves were constructed. The values of BET surface area and total pore volume were 108.94 m2  g-1 and 0.219 cm3  g-1 for the activated carbon and, 18.72 m2  g-1 and 0.075 cm3  g-1 for the biochar. The dye removal percentages were 93.63 and 55.38% when 2.5 g L-1 of activated carbon and biochar were used, respectively...
November 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Linlu Shen, Xiaobin Liao, Huan Qi, Lei Zhao, Fei Li, Baoling Yuan
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a toxic disinfection byproduct commonly associated with chloramination, has recently been found to form from an anti-yellowing agent (4,4'-hexamethylenebis (1,1-dimethylsemicarbazide) (HDMS)) during ozonation but the mechanisms are unclear. In this paper, the potential roles of molecular ozone (O3 ) and hydroxyl radical (∙OH) on NDMA formation from HDMS were investigated under various oxidation conditions (ozone dosages, pH) and different components in water (bromide ion (Br- ), bicarbonate ion (HCO3 - ), sulfate ion (SO4 2- ), and humic acid (HA), as well as natural organic matter (NOM) from a lake)...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kannappan Vijayavel, Donna R Kashian
Phosphorous is an essential nutrient for all forms of life; however, the question of toxicity to aquatic species remains largely unanswered, despite many systems that exceed natural phosphorus loads. This study determined the ecotoxicological threshold concentration of phosphorus to the freshwater bivalve Dreissena bugensis using a 96-h bioassay. Sublethal, medial lethal, and lethal levels of sodium phosphate to D. bugensis were found to be 125, 260, and 476 ppm. Physiological biomarkers such as the oxygen consumption and filtration rate were estimated by exposing D...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Tanya Cáceres, Britt Maestroni, Marivil Islam, Andrew Cannavan
Carbofuran is an anticholinesterase carbamate commonly used as an insecticide, nematicide and acaricide in agricultural practice throughout the world. However, data on its sorption in temperate soils from Europe is limited. Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the adsorption of carbofuran on three distinct Austrian soils using batch experiments and radiometric techniques. Carbofuran adsorption capacity of the soils was found to be low in the three soils tested and showed to be related to the soils clay and organic carbon contents...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mahesh Palakuru, Kiran Yarrakula, Nilima Rani Chaube, Khadar Babu Sk, Y R Satyaji Rao
Paddy crop is one of the foremost food crops in the world. Human consumption accounts for 85% of total production of paddy. Paddy delivers 21% of human per capita energy and 15% of per capita protein. The present study focused on estimating the crop phenological parameters. The phenological parameters were estimated using soil moisture active passive (SMAP), MODIS NDVI, and SCATSAT-1 scatterometer data. The statistical models adopted in the study are two-parameter Gaussian distribution and two-parameter logistic distributions...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Guojun Yao, Jing Gao, Chuntao Zhang, Wenqi Jiang, Peng Wang, Xueke Liu, Donghui Liu, Zhiqiang Zhou
Alpha-cypermethrin (α-cypermethrin), an important chiral pyrethroid insecticide, is frequently detected in human samples. Because of the possible human health risks caused by α-cypermethrin, we studied dynamics, residues, and metabolism of α-cypermethrin in five common vegetables (tomato, cucumber, rape, cabbage, and pepper) on enantiomeric levels after foliar spray. α-Cypermethrin was qualified by a HP-5 column and its enantiomers could be separated by gas chromatograph (GC) using a BGB-172 chiral column...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Syed Arif Hussain Rizvi, Siquan Ling, Fajun Tian, Jiali Liu, Xinnian Zeng
Manipulating insect behavior through the deployment of semiochemicals offers a promising opportunity for protecting crops in a sustainable manner. Therefore, there is still a significant opportunity for the development of natural crop protectants as eco-friendly tools in pest management. In this context, the aim of the current investigation is to find a novel prophylactic against the Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) and to gain a better understanding of the host-finding and selection ability of the ACP towards Murraya paniculata seedlings treated with Sophora alopecuroides alkaloids extract (SAAE)...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Prabhakar Mishra, Saranya Vinayagam, Kuppendran Duraisamy, Shrigouri Ravindrakumar Patil, Jueelee Godbole, Alina Mohan, Amitava Mukherjee, Natarajan Chandrasekaran
The increasing load of nanoplastic pollution in the environment has become a major concern toward human and environmental safety. The current investigation mainly focused on assessing the toxic behavior of nanoplastics (polystyrene nano-spheres (PNS)) toward blood cells and marine crustacean. The study also investigated the temporal stability of PNS under different water matrices and its size-dependent sedimentation behavior in the sea water dispersion. The nano-dispersion showed mean particle size of 561.4 ± 0...
November 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rahel Hamad, Heiko Balzter, Kamal Kolo
The aim of this study was to assess the heavy metal pollution in soils after mine clearance and disposal through controlled explosions in dugout pits during demining operations at two hotspot areas, in the Halgurd-Sakran National Park (HSNP). This investigation was undertaken in order to reveal the concentration level, migration and enrichment in various heavy metals present in polluted soils. Eighteen samples, nine sampling positions at each site, were collected. The current study used inductively coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy (ICP-ES) methodology to determine the concentration levels of Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Co, Mn, As and Cr in the soil samples as important toxic contaminants resulting from the demining process...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Alka Kumari, Doongar R Chaudhary, Bhavanath Jha
Plastics are recalcitrant and inert to degrade, and destabilization leads to accumulate in the terrestrial and marine ecosystems; need for the development of strategies for reducing these plastic wastes in a sustainable manner would be revolutionary. We studied the bacterial adherence, degradation and destabilization of polyvinylchloride (PVC), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) by marine bacterial strain AIIW2 by a series of analytical and microscopic observations over 3 months...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Fadhil K Jabbar, Katherine Grote
The water quality in many Midwestern streams and lakes is negatively impacted by agricultural activities. Although the agricultural inputs that degrade water quality are well known, the impact of these inputs varies as a function of geologic and topographic parameters. To better understand how a range of land use, geologic, and topographic factors affect water quality in Midwestern watersheds, we sampled surface water quality parameters, including nitrate, phosphate, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, bacteria, pH, specific conductance, temperature, and biotic index (BI) in 35 independent sub-watersheds within the Lower Grand River Watershed in northern Missouri...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hing Chan
Trash fish feeding of cage fish can result in marine pollution. Whole and chopped trash fish can leach pollutants such as ammonia, phosphate and protein into surrounding waters. Reduction of pollution can be achieved by recycling the wastewater generated from trash fish feeding for cultivation of microalgae. Microalgae are potent candidates for the production of renewable and sustainable products such as feed and food, health and pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, industrial products, and biofuel. Two microalgae, Chlorella saccharophila and Nannochloropsis sp...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lingling Xu, Xin Wu, Zhenyu Hong, Yanru Zhang, Junjun Deng, Youwei Hong, Jinsheng Chen
Size-resolved particle composition, size distribution, and mixing state were characterized at the single-particle level during two air pollution episodes during 12-25 January, 2016 in a coastal city in southeast China. The two pollution episodes occurred under distinct meteorological conditions (i.e., different wind speeds, relative humidity, and backward trajectories); thus, they were assigned to stagnation and transport episodes, respectively. Single-particle data, obtained from single-particle aerosol mass spectrometry (SPAMS), showed that carbonaceous particles were the predominant particles during the whole study period, accounting for more than 60% of the total particles...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jianchun Fang, Chi Keung Marco Lau, Zhou Lu, Wanshan Wu, Lili Zhu
This paper uses the 1990-2010 natural disaster and carbon emission data of G20 countries to examine the impact of natural disasters and climate change on the natural capital component of inclusive wealth. Our study shows that climate change and GDP have no positive impacts on the growth of natural capital. By contrast, trade openness and natural disaster frequency contribute to the accumulation of natural capital in G20 countries. There is an inverted U-shaped relationship between the growth of natural capital and the magnitude of natural disaster...
November 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Radwan A Al-Weshah, Yohannes Yihdego
Freshwater groundwater resources at north Kuwait were contaminated by infiltrated oil as well as sea water that was used to fight the oil-well fires during the liberation of Kuwait in 1991. This paper investigates the feasibility of five remediation options to restore the polluted aquifers. These options include: (i) pump and treat of contaminated groundwater; (ii) cleaning the aquifer formation; (iii) construction of additional desalination plant; (iv) constructing additional storage tanks, and (v) development of artificial aquifer recharge schemes...
November 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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