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Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

Jianguo Wang, Nan Chen, Chuanping Feng, Miao Li
To obtain an economical and effective adsorbent for fluoride removal, lanthanum-loaded pomelo peel biochar (PPBC-La) was synthesized using a facile approach. The batch adsorption experiments were investigated to determine adsorbent performance. The PPBC-La and its pristine biochar (PPBC) were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), zeta potential, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) methods. Experimental results showed that the adsorption data were described well by the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm models...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mark Daniel G de Luna, Maricris T Laciste, Nolan C Tolosa, Ming-Chun Lu
The present study investigates the influence of calcination temperature on the properties and photoactivity of multi-element doped TiO2 . The photocatalysts were prepared by incorporating silver (Ag), fluorine (F), nitrogen (N), and tungsten (W) into the TiO2 structure via the sol-gel method. Spectroscopic techniques were used to elucidate the correlation between the structural and optical properties of the doped photocatalyst and its photoactivity. XRD results showed that the mean crystallite size increased for undoped photocatalysts and decreased for the doped photocatalysts when calcination was done at higher temperatures...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kazuaki Tokuhashi, Kenji Takizawa, Shigeo Kondo
The rate constants of OH radicals with CF3 CF=CCl2 , CF3 CH=CF2 , CF3 CF=CH2 , CF3 CH=CH2 , and (CF3 )2 C=CH2 have been measured over the temperature range 250-430 K. Kinetic measurements have been carried out using flash photolysis and laser photolysis methods combined respectively with laser-induced fluorescence technique. The Arrhenius rate parameters have been determined as k(CF3 CF=CCl2 ) = (6.50 ± 0.22) × 10-13 ∙exp[(200 ± 10)/T], k(CF3 CH=CF2 ) = (4.85 ± 0.14) × 10-13 ∙exp[(120 ± 10)/T], k(CF3 CF=CH2 ) = (1...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ronalda Silva de Araújo, Bruna Aguiar, Milena Dropa, Maria Tereza Pepe Razzolini, Maria Inês Zanoli Sato, Marcelo de Souza Lauretto, Ana Tereza Galvani, José Antônio Padula, Glavur Rogério Matté, Maria Helena Matté
Cryptosporidium and Giardia are associated with cases of water and foodborne outbreaks in the world. This study included 50 samples of surface raw water collected from two watersheds in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The isolation of (oo)cysts was performed in accordance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's methods 1623 and genotypic characterization and quantification were carried out by Nested PCR and qPCR assays based on 18S rRNA and gdh genes, respectively. U.S. EPA 1623 method showed the presence of (oo)cysts in 40% ([Formula: see text] = 0...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xi Zhou, Tingjun Zhang, Zhongqin Li, Yan Tao, Feiteng Wang, Xin Zhang, Chunhai Xu, Shan Ma, Ju Huang
Airborne pollutant characteristics, potential sources, and variation trends of cause are investigated based on the hourly air concentrations of gaseous pollutants and particulate matter from 2013 to 2016 in Lanzhou. The mean concentration of SO2 , NO2 , CO, 8-hO3 , PM2.5 , and PM10 was 25.2 ± 16.0 μg m-3 , 46.5 ± 21.1 μg m-3 , 1.3 ± 0.7 mg m-3 , 77.8 ± 45.5 μg m-3 , 58.7 ± 32.9 μg m-3 , and 131.1 ± 86.2 μg m-3 , respectively. The concentrations of SO2 , PM10 , and PM2...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sukhmeen Kaur Kohli, Neha Handa, Anket Sharma, Vandana Gautam, Saroj Arora, Renu Bhardwaj, Leonard Wijaya, Mohammed Nasser Alyemeni, Parvaiz Ahmad
Lead (Pb) is considered one the most hazardous pollutant, and its accumulation in soil and plants is of prime concern. To understand the role of plant hormones in combating heavy metal stress, the present study was planned to assess the interactive effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) (10-7  M) and salicylic acid (SA) (1 mM) in regulating growth, pigment contents, antioxidative defense response, and gene expression in Brassica juncea L. seedlings exposed to different concentrations of Pb metal (0.25, 0.50, and 0...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sarre Kadia Myra Nzaba, Bulelwa Ntsendwana, Bhekie Brilliance Mamba, Alex Tawanda Kuvarega
This study examined the photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye brilliant black (BB) using non-metal/metal co-doped TiO2 . N,Pt co-doped TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared by a modified sol-gel method using amine-terminated polyamidoamine dendrimer generation 0 (PG0) as a template and source of nitrogen. Structural, morphological, and textural properties were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy coupled to energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy (RS), photoluminescence (PL) and ultra-violet/visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis)...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiaofei Zeng, Abhijeet P Borole, Spyros G Pavlostathis
Furanic and phenolic compounds are problematic compounds resulting from the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biofuel production. Microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) is a promising technology to convert furanic and phenolic compounds to renewable H2 . The objective of the research presented here was to elucidate the processes and electron equivalents flow during the conversion of two furanic (furfural, FF; 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, HMF) and three phenolic (syringic acid, SA; vanillic acid, VA; 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, HBA) compounds in the MEC bioanode...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Priscila Aparecida Milani, João Luiz Consonni, Geórgia Labuto, Elma Neide Vasconcelos Martins Carrilho
Sugarcane bagasse and hydroponic lettuce roots were used as biosorbents for the removal of Cu(II), Fe(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) from multielemental solutions and lake water, in batch processes. These biomasses were studied in natura (lettuce roots, NLR, and sugarcane bagasse, NSB) and chemically modified with HNO3 (lettuce roots, MLR, and sugarcane bagasse, MSB). The results showed higher adsorption efficiency for MSB and either NLR or MLR. The maximum adsorption capacities (qmax ) in multielemental solution for Cu(II), Fe(II), Mn(II), and Zn(II) were 35...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nuria Vela, May Calín, María J Yáñez-Gascón, Isabel Garrido, Gabriel Pérez-Lucas, José Fenoll, Simón Navarro
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are xenobiotics that interfere with the synthesis, secretion, transport, binding, action, and elimination of the natural hormones. In this paper, the photodegradation of six EDs in municipal wastewater treatment plant effluents at pilot plant scale is reported. The EDs were bisphenol A, bisphenol B, diamyl phthalate, butyl benzylphthalate, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate, and ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate. ZnO as photocatalyst in tandem with Na2 S2 O8 as electron acceptor under natural sunlight were used...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zili Zhang, Jian Wang, Wenju Lu
Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) has long been linked to elevated mortality and morbidity from epidemiological evidences. However, questions remain unclear whether NO2 acts directly on human health or being an indicator of other ambient pollutants. In this study, random-effect meta-analyses were performed on examining exposure to nitrogen oxide (NOx ) and its association with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The overall relative risk (RR) of COPD risk related to a 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 exposure increased by 2...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Parichehr Saranjampour, Kevin Armbrust
The n-octanol/water partition coefficient (KOW ) is a physical/chemical property that is extensively used for regulatory and environmental risk and exposure assessments. The KOW value can estimate various chemical properties such as water solubility, bioavailability, and toxicity using quantitative structure-activity relationships which demands an accurate knowledge of this property. The present investigation aims to compare outcomes of three commonly cited methods of KOW measurement in the literature for six hydrophobic chemicals with insecticidal functions as well as highly volatile petroleum constituents...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Fernanda Dos Santos Cunha, Natalino da Costa Sousa, Rudã Fernandes Brandão Santos, Juliana Oliveira Meneses, Márcia Valéria Silva do Couto, Fabrício Tavares Cunha de Almeida, José Guedes de Sena Filho, Paulo César Falanghe Carneiro, Alexandre Nizio Maria, Rodrigo Yudi Fujimoto
Deltamethrin is one of the most commonly used pyrethroids in the world, and it has a high toxic potential, mainly on aquatic organism. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate LC50 values of deltamethrin on tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) fingerlings and to investigate genotoxic effects and histopathological responses. Fish were exposed to different concentrations of deltamethrin (0, 6.16 × 10-3 ; 6.44 × 10-2 ; 1.34 × 10-1 , and 1.93 × 10-1  mg L-1 ) for 96 h. In addition, a genotoxicity analysis was carried out on peripheral blood erythrocytes and histopathological changes were classified by the severity degree of damage and organ functioning...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Elena Okada, Débora Pérez, Eduardo De Gerónimo, Virginia Aparicio, Héctor Massone, José Luis Costa
We measured the occurrence and seasonal variations of glyphosate and its metabolite, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), in different environmental compartments within the limits of an agricultural basin. This topic is of high relevance since glyphosate is the most applied pesticide in agricultural systems worldwide. We were able to quantify the seasonal variations of glyphosate that result mainly from endo-drift inputs, that is, from direct spraying either onto genetically modified (GM) crops (i.e., soybean and maize) or onto weeds in no-till practices...
March 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiangfen Cui, Hongguang Cheng, Xuelian Liu, Elisa Giubilato, Andrea Critto, Haixu Sun, Lei Zhang
Adverse health effects related to accumulative cadmium (Cd) exposure have aroused widespread attention from the public in China. Knowledge on the relationships between Cd exposure and early renal effects is particularly limited for children, who are more susceptible to absorbing metals than adults. A typical Cd-polluted area of South China was selected to determine the Cd exposure and related early renal effects of the general population, including children. In total, 211 children and 806 adults were enrolled in the study...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
María Lovato, José Real Buffelli, Mariana Abrile, Carlos Martín
The application of conventional physicochemical and microbiological techniques for the removal of organic pollutants has limitations for its utilization on wastewaters as landfill leachates because of their high concentration of not easily biodegradable organic compounds. The use of ozone-based technologies is an alternative and complementary treatment for this type of wastewaters. This paper reports the study of the degradation of landfill leachates from different stages of a treatment plant using ozone and ozone + UV...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lijuan Huo, Daoyou Huang, Xibai Zeng, Shiming Su, Yanan Wang, Lingyu Bai, Cuixia Wu
This study investigated arsenic (As) availability and uptake by rape (Brassica campestris L.) during two harvest periods of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-stabilized ferrihydrite (HFO) nanoparticles for in situ treatment As-contaminated soil. Application of modified HFO nanoparticles in soils not only provided a larger specific surface area but also markedly improved stability against aggregation and recrystallization. For 90-day incubation, bare HFO particles were gradually converted to the crystalline Fe(III) oxide form, although this was not observed for the 0...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Joachim Janda, Karsten Nödler, Heinz-Jürgen Brauch, Christian Zwiener, Frank T Lange
A simple and robust analytical method for the determination of perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) with C2 to C8 chains, based on solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), was developed, validated and applied to tap water, groundwater and surface water. Two stationary phases for LC (Obelisc N and Kinetex C18 ) and two materials with weak anion-exchange properties for SPE (Strata X-AW and Oasis WAX) were evaluated. Robust separation and retention was achieved with the reversed phase column and an acidic eluent...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hossein Faghihian, Zahra Adibmehr
Novel magnetic ion-imprinted polymer was prepared by use of SBA-15 as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross linker, diphenylcarbazide as ligand, and Cd2+ , Cu2+ , and Ni2+ as the template of ion source. The adsorption capacity of the synthesized adsorbent was 111, 95, and 87 mg g-1 , respectively for cadmium, copper, and nickel. The selectivity of the adsorbents examined in the presence of different cations including Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , Zn2+ , Co2+ , Fe2+ , Mn2+ , Hg2+ , and Pb2+ indicated that the synthesized ion-imprinted adsorbents were highly selective for the appropriate cations...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lamri Naidja, Hocine Ali-Khodja, Salah Khardi
In order to assess the significance of PM in ambient air, it is necessary to evaluate their physical and chemical characteristics as well as identify their major emission sources. On a global scale, particulate matter in the atmosphere arises mainly from the combustion process of motorized vehicles, but natural sources are still considered as the major contributors. In Africa, PM emissions differ from those in developed countries; human activities such as biomass burning in households, poor household waste management, and the high number of diesel-powered vehicles are the predominant anthropogenic sources...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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