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Environmental Science and Pollution Research International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547378/the-impact-of-economic-complexity-on-carbon-emissions-evidence-from-france
#1
Muhlis Can, Giray Gozgor
This paper reanalyzes the determinants of the CO2 emissions in France. For this purpose, it considers the unit root test with two structural breaks and a dynamic ordinary least squares estimation. The paper also considers the effects of the energy consumption and the economic complexity on CO2 emissions. First, it is observed that the EKC hypothesis is valid in France. Second, the positive effect of the energy consumption on CO2 emissions is obtained. Third, it is observed that a higher economic complexity suppresses the level of CO2 emissions in the long run...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547377/the-excessive-enrichment-of-trace-elements-in-migratory-and-breeding-red-crowned-cranes-grus-japonensis-in-china
#2
Luo Jinming, Wang Yongjie, Gao Zhongyan, Wang Wenfeng
The excessive enrichment of trace elements, such as Pb and Cd, from food may contribute to the decline of migratory red-crowned cranes (Grus japonensis) in China. To test this prediction, we determined the concentrations of Pb and Cd, as well as further macro and trace elements (Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn) in the target species and their prey (sediment, reed root, mollusk, arthropods, and common fish species) in both the wintering (Yancheng wetland) and breeding sites (Zhalong wetland) of cranes in China. The maximum concentrations of Pb (130 mg kg(-1) dry weight (dw)) and Cd (10...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547376/nonribosomal-peptides-and-polyketides-of-burkholderia-new-compounds-potentially-implicated-in-biocontrol-and-pharmaceuticals
#3
Qassim Esmaeel, Maude Pupin, Philippe Jacques, Valérie Leclère
Bacteria belonging to the genus Burkholderia live in various ecological niches and present a significant role in the environments through the excretion of a wide variety of secondary metabolites including modular nonribosomal peptides (NRPs) and polyketides (PKs). These metabolites represent a widely distributed biomedically and biocontrol important class of natural products including antibiotics, siderophores, and anticancers as well as biopesticides that are considered as a novel source that can be used to defend ecological niche from competitors and to promote plant growth...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547375/the-effects-of-ozone-on-human-health
#4
Daniela Nuvolone, Davide Petri, Fabio Voller
Ozone is a highly reactive, oxidative gas associated with adverse health outcome, including mortality and morbidity. Data from monitoring sites worldwide show levels of ozone often exceeding EU legislation threshold and the more restrictive WHO guidelines for the protection of human health. Well-established evidence has been produced for short-term effects, especially on respiratory and cardiovascular systems, associated to ozone exposure. Less conclusive is the evidence for long-term effects, reporting suggestive associations with respiratory mortality, new-onset asthma in children and increased respiratory symptom effects in asthmatics...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547374/erratum-to-a-visual-basic-simulation-software-tool-for-performance-analysis-of-a-membrane-based-advanced-water-treatment-plant
#5
P Pal, R Kumar, N Srivastava, J Chaudhuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547373/research-on-efficiency-evaluation-model-of-integrated-energy-system-based-on-hybrid-multi-attribute-decision-making
#6
Yan Li
The efficiency evaluation model of integrated energy system, involving many influencing factors, and the attribute values are heterogeneous and non-deterministic, usually cannot give specific numerical or accurate probability distribution characteristics, making the final evaluation result deviation. According to the characteristics of the integrated energy system, a hybrid multi-attribute decision-making model is constructed. The evaluation model considers the decision maker's risk preference. In the evaluation of the efficiency of the integrated energy system, the evaluation value of some evaluation indexes is linguistic value, or the evaluation value of the evaluation experts is not consistent...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547372/heavy-metal-cu-cd-pb-cr-washing-from-river-sediment-using-biosurfactant-rhamnolipid
#7
Weifang Chen, Yan Qu, Zhihua Xu, Feifei He, Zai Chen, Sisi Huang, Yuxiang Li
Heavy metal-contaminated sediments posed a serious threat to both human beings and environment. A biosurfactant, rhamnolipid, was employed as the washing agent to remove heavy metals in river sediment. Batch experiments were conducted to test the removal capability. The effects of rhamnolipid concentration, washing time, solution pH, and liquid/solid ratio were investigated. The speciation of heavy metals before and after washing in sediment was also analyzed. Heavy metal washing was favored at high concentration, long washing time, and high pH...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547371/improvement-of-aquaponic-performance-through-micro-and-macro-nutrient-addition
#8
Dongyun Ru, Jikai Liu, Zhen Hu, Yina Zou, Liping Jiang, Xiaodian Cheng, Zhenting Lv
Aquaponics is one of the "zero waste" industry in the twenty-first century, and is considered to be one of the major trends for the future development of agriculture. However, the low nitrogen utilization efficiency (NUE) restricted its widely application. To date, many attempts have been conducted to improve its NUE. In the present study, effect of micro- and macro-nutrient addition on performance of tilapia-pak choi aquaponics was investigated. Results showed that the addition of micro- and macro-nutrients improved the growth of plant directly and facilitated fish physiology indirectly, which subsequently increased NUE of aquaponics from 40...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547370/integration-of-cerium-chemical-forms-and-subcellular-distribution-to-understand-cerium-tolerance-mechanism-in-the-rice-seedlings
#9
Xue Wang, Dongwu Liu
Rare earth elements (REEs) accumulate in the soil and ecosystem. Cerium (Ce) is one of the main additives in REE-containing fertilizers. However, little information is available on Ce distribution patterns and chemical forms in rice. The subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Ce were investigated in the rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L., cv. Zhonghua 11) exposed to 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM Ce. The elongation of root and shoot was significantly inhibited by 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM Ce. Cerium was significantly accumulated in the cell walls, cell organelles, and soluble fractions of the roots and shoots with the increase of Ce concentrations...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547369/air-protection-programmes-in-poland-in-the-context-of-the-low-emission
#10
Janusz Adamczyk, Arkadiusz Piwowar, Maciej Dzikuć
The protection of the air against pollutants from individual boiler plants is a big challenge in Poland. It results mainly from the preference for coal, the national energy carrier, the use of old low-efficiency boilers and the location of Poland in a temperate climate where the heating period lasts at least 5 months. This article presents a wide range of activities aimed at the reduction of the environmental impact of the emissions of pollutants from individual heat sources-the so-called low emission. The article presents the extent of the national legislation resulting from the European Union regulations...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547368/erratum-to-synergistic-effect-of-aluminum-and-ionizing-radiation-upon-ultrastructure-oxidative-stress-and-apoptotic-alterations-in-paneth-cells-of-rat-intestine
#11
N A Eltahawy, S M Elsonbaty, S Abunour, W E Zahran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540557/dissolution-of-steel-slags-in-aqueous-media
#12
Shashikant Yadav, Anurag Mehra
Steel slag is a major industrial waste in steel industries, and its dissolution behavior in water needs to be characterized in the larger context of its potential use as an agent for sequestering CO2. For this purpose, a small closed system batch reactor was used to conduct the dissolution of steel slags in an aqueous medium under various dissolution conditions. In this study, two different types of steel slags were procured from steel plants in India, having diverse structural features, mineralogical compositions, and particle sizes...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540556/the-use-of-bacterial-bioremediation-of-metals-in-aquatic-environments-in-the-twenty-first-century-a-systematic-review
#13
Feliphe Lacerda Souza de Alencar, Julio Alejandro Navoni, Viviane Souza do Amaral
Metal pollution is a current environmental issue as a consequence of unregulated anthropic activiy. A wide range of bioremediation strategies have been successfully implemented to recover contaminated areas. Among them, bacterial bioremediation stands out as a promising tool to confront these types of concerns. This study aimed to compare and discuss worldwide scientific evolution of bacterial potential for metal bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems. The study consisted of a systematic review, elaborated through a conceptual hypothesis model, during the period from 2000 to 2016, using PubMed, MEDLINE, and SciELO databases as data resources...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540555/plasma-activated-water-antibacterial-activity-and-artifacts
#14
Tung-Po Chen, Junfeng Liang, Tsan-Liang Su
Broad biological activities of "plasma-activated water" (PAW) have drawn great attentions recently. Treatment of water using gas discharge plasma led to acidic solutions with excellent and broad antibacterial activity. Because PAW caused severe membrane damages in bacteria and diffused freely in extracellular matrix, PAW also demonstrated good anti-biofilm activity. However, further studies revealed that trace amounts of metal ions (mainly copper and zinc) in PAW brought by plasma treatment played key roles in bacteria inactivation...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540554/understanding-brassinosteroid-regulated-mechanisms-to-improve-stress-tolerance-in-plants-a-critical-review
#15
Fahim Nawaz, Muhammad Naeem, Bilal Zulfiqar, Asim Akram, Muhammad Yasin Ashraf, Muhammad Raheel, Rana Nauman Shabbir, Rai Altaf Hussain, Irfan Anwar, Muhammad Aurangzaib
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal plant hormones involved in regulation of physiological and molecular processes to ameliorate various biotic and abiotic stresses. Exogenous application of BRs to improve stress tolerance in plants has recently become a high research priority. Several studies have revealed the involvement of these steroidal hormones in upregulation of stress-related defense genes and their cross talk with other metabolic pathways. This is likely to stimulate research on many unanswered questions regarding their role in enhancing the ability of plants to tolerate adverse environmental conditions...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540553/multivariate-analysis-and-geochemical-approach-for-assessment-of-metal-pollution-state-in-sediment-cores
#16
Ahmad Jamshidi-Zanjani, Mohsen Saeedi
Vertical distribution of metals (Cu, Zn, Cr, Fe, Mn, Pb, Ni, Cd, and Li) in four sediment core samples (C1, C2, C3, and C4) from Anzali international wetland located southwest of the Caspian Sea was examined. Background concentration of each metal was calculated according to different statistical approaches. The results of multivariate statistical analysis showed that Fe and Mn might have significant role in the fate of Ni and Zn in sediment core samples. Different sediment quality indexes were utilized to assess metal pollution in sediment cores...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540552/application-of-ruo2-ni-foam-electrodes-for-remediation-of-ibuprofen-in-soil-matrix-the-effect-of-electrokinetic-parameters
#17
Ching Yuan, Chung-Hsuang Hung, Tzu-Yuan Huang
Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are an extraordinary and diverse group of chemicals used in veterinary medicine, agriculture, and for human health and cosmetics care. They are considered emerging contaminants and have raised great concern in recent years. Among the PPCPs, ibuprofen (IBP) is one of the most known non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which has been found at a high concentration in irrigation water in the USA and showed harmful effect for organisms. This study examined IBP degradation performance by an electrokinetic process coupled with 24-96 cm(2) of RuO2/Ni foam (RN) electrodes applied 1-3 V cm(-1) potential gradient for 5-9 days...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540551/zif-8-derived-nitrogen-doped-porous-carbon-as-metal-free-catalyst-of-peroxymonosulfate-activation
#18
Wenjie Ma, Yunchen Du, Na Wang, Peng Miao
Nitrogen-doped porous carbon (NPC) is synthesized through a direct pyrolysis of zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF)-8 under N2 flow followed by acid washing process. It is found that NPC-800 pyrolyzed at 800 °C can inherit the perfect rhombic dodecahedron morphology of ZIF-8 crystals and achieve the considerable nitrogen-doping content of 15.20%. When NPC-800 is applied as the heterogeneous catalyst in peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation for the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) and phenol, NPC-800 will exhibit its better performance than some conventional transition metal-based oxides and common carbon materials...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540550/simultaneous-enhancement-of-sludge-dewaterability-and-removal-of-sludge-borne-heavy-metals-through-a-novel-oxidative-leaching-induced-by-nano-cao2
#19
Boran Wu, Xiaohu Dai, Xiaoli Chai
The production of sewage sludge with the presence of various contaminants has been a serious issue for the operation of wastewater treatment plants on both the economical and environmental sides. To minimize the sludge volume to be handled and limit the potential environmental risk, this study developed a novel oxidative leaching process for enhanced sewage sludge dewatering and simultaneous removal of heavy metals based on nano-CaO2. Response surface methodology determined the following optimal conditioning parameters in terms of capillary suction time reduction: 0...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540549/the-association-between-air-pollutants-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Chunyan Yang, Weiwei Zhao, Kui Deng, Vanessa Zhou, Xiaohua Zhou, Yan Hou
Autism spectrum disorders are a member of the pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) that have been increasing dramatically since described by Leo Kanner in 1943. In the past decade, the number of epidemiological publications addressing air pollution exposures and autism has grown correspondingly, but the association is still unclear. Whether air pollutants play a causal role and which substances are related with autism requires further study. We systematically reviewed the literature from 2005 to 2016 in MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), Web of Science, and PubMed and summarized the association between different air pollutants and autism...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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