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Journal of the History of the Neurosciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880075/holes-in-the-head-the-art-and-archeology-of-trepanation-in-ancient-peru-by-john-w-verano
#1
Stanley Finger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767377/the-split-between-gall-and-spurzheim-1813-1818
#2
Harry Whitaker, Gonia Jarema
An acerbic footnote in Volume 3 (1818) of the five-volume great work of Franz Joseph Gall and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim, Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General and of the Brain in Particular with Observations on the Possibility of Understanding the Many Moral and Intellectual Dispositions of Man and Animals by the Configuration of Their Heads, marked the end of the collaboration between Gall, the founder of organologie, and Spurzheim, promoter of phrenology. We discuss the background of this note and the nature of the rift that marked the end of Gall and Spurzheim's collaboration...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749148/the-earliest-observations-on-facial-palsy
#3
Edward H Reynolds, James V Kinnier Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625080/pharmacology-and-psychiatry-at-the-origins-of-greek-medicine-the-myth-of-melampus-and-the-madness-of-the-proetides
#4
Matteo F Olivieri, Francesca Marzari, Andreas J Kesel, Laura Bonalume, Francesco Saettini
Melampus is a seer-healer of Greek myth attributed with having healed the young princesses of Argos of madness. Analysis of this legend and its sources sheds light on the early stages of the "medicalizing" shift in the history of ancient Greek medicine. Retrospective psychological diagnosis suggests that the descriptions of the youths' madness rose from actual observation of behavioral and mental disorders. Melampus is credited with having healed them by administering hellebore. Pharmacological analysis of botanical specimens proves that Helleborus niger features actual neurological properties effective in the treatment of mental disorders...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684552/paul-broca-s-search-for-basque-skulls-the-full-story
#5
Santiago Giménez-Roldán
Paul Broca surmised that the short and broad-brachycephalic-skulls of the earliest European settlers had become longer and narrower-dolichocephalic-in modern populations due to the blending of different races. Swedish anatomist Anders Retzius had two brachycephalic skulls said to be from contemporary Basque individuals, a claim suited to test Broca's hypothesis. Broca worked with fellow anatomist and surgeon Pedro González Velasco, the founding father of Spanish anthropology, to gather a large number of Basque skulls...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379572/neurhistalert-22
#6
Frank W Stahnisch, Jyh Yung Hor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691515/on-the-origin-of-the-term-ependyma
#7
František Šimon
The term ependyma is considered as a translation of the expression integumentum ventriculorum cerebri or Überzug der Hirnhöhlen [the lining of the brain ventricles] in German used by the Wenzel brothers (1812). The first documented usage of this term is found in the work of the German anatomist Karl Ernst Bock from the year 1839, but nobody has ever claimed authorship of the word. Formulations such as "so-called" are used in connection with the term, avoiding any reference to a specific originator. The term first started being used in anatomical literature written in German...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529591/singultus-foetalis-and-dr-alfons-mermann
#8
Christopher C Miller, Georg A Petroianu
During intrauterine life, hiccups are universally present, their incidence peaking in the third trimester. Alfons Mermann (1852-1908), a gynecologist from Mannheim, Germany, best known for having established the Luisenheim Woechnerinnenasyl [lying-in asylum] there in 1887, is viewed as the first physician to name and describe singultus foetalis [fetal hiccups] in a modern peer-reviewed scientific publication. This short report attempts to shed some light on the work of Dr. Mermann and to explore whether or not he was indeed the first to recognize this phenomenon...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529508/the-dissertation-on-pain-by-jan-k%C3%A5-titel-boh%C3%A3-%C3%A4-published-in-1746
#9
Alexandr Chvátal
It is reported that continuous attention to the topic of pain in the Czech lands started only in the sixties of the twentieth century. Newly discovered archival documents show, however, that the subject of pain was studied at the Prague Medical Faculty more than 200 years before. In 1746 one of the medical students, Jan Křtitel Boháč (John Baptist Bohadsch) defended his dissertation on pain, titled "De Doloribus in Genere." Unlike other dissertations of the time, Boháč's treatise was not a mere transcription of the teaching texts...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26528577/the-intercalatus-nucleus-of-staderini
#10
Marco Cascella
Rutilio Staderini was one of the leading Italian anatomists of the twentieth century, together with some scientists, such as Giulio Chiarugi, Giovanni Vitali, and others. He was also a member of a new generation of anatomists. They had continued the tradition of the most famous Italian scientists, which started from the Renaissance up until the nineteenth century. Although he carried out important studies of neuroanatomy and comparative anatomy, as well as embryology, his name is rarely remembered by most medical historians...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608268/the-devil-always-experienced-malicious-pleasure-in-imposing-himself-in-neuropsychiatric-nosology
#11
Régis Olry, Duane E Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602871/epilepsy-ammon-s-horn-sclerosis-and-camille-bouchet
#12
Mervyn J Eadie
Increasing interest into the relationship between Ammon's horn sclerosis (hippocampal sclerosis) and epilepsy seems to have developed after 1880 when Sommer's paper appeared. Bouchet and Cazauvieilh had published the original description of the hippocampal anatomical abnormality in 1825 while attempting to locate the cerebral sites of origin of epilepsy and insanity. However, they offered no interpretation of the significance of the structural change. What has sometimes not been noticed in the subsequent literature is that, after a further investigation, in 1853, Bouchet described the change in 18 of 43 additional brains from persons with epilepsy...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715487/the-eponymous-legacy-of-sir-william-richard-gowers-1845-1915-a-revealing-letter
#13
Nadeem Toodayan, Christopher J Boes
The eponymous legacy of Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) was the subject of a comprehensive appraisal first written for this journal late last year. Since the completion of that work, a revealing February 1903 letter has come to light recording, amongst other things, Gowers' firsthand and somewhat private opinions concerning some of his own eponymous contributions to medicine. This addendum to the primary author's original article will review and contextualize this very interesting find as it relates to Gowers' eponymous legacy...
August 11, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379724/american-neurophysiology-and-two-nineteenth-century-american-physiological-societies
#14
J Wayne Lazar
This article contrasts two American Physiological Societies, one founded near the beginning of the nineteenth century in 1837 and the other founded near its end in 1887. The contrast allows a perspective on how much budding neuroscience had developed during the nineteenth century in America. The contrast also emphasizes the complicated structure needed in both medicine and physiology to allow neurophysiology to flourish. The objectives of the American Physiological Society of 1887 were (and are) to promote physiological research and to codify physiology as a discipline...
July 5, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388258/%C3%A3-migr%C3%A3-scientists-and-the-global-turn-in-the-history-of-science-a-commentary-on-the-special-issue-new-perspectives-on-forced-migration-in-the-history-of-twentieth-century-neuroscience
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388257/between-resentment-and-aid-german-and-austrian-psychiatrist-and-neurologist-refugees-in-great-britain-since-1933
#16
Aleksandra Loewenau
This article is a historiographical exploration of the experiences that German and Austrian émigré psychiatrists and neurologists made in Great Britain since 1933, after the Nazi Governments in Central Europe had ousted them from their positions. When placing these occurrences in a wider historiographical perspective, the in-depth analysis provided here also describes the living and working conditions of the refugee neuroscientists on the British Isles. In particular, it looks at the very elements and issues that influenced the international forced migration of physicians and psychiatrists during the 1930s and 1940s...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388256/a-variation-on-forced-migration-wilhelm-peters-prussia-via-britain-to-turkey-and-muzafer-sherif-turkey-to-the-united-states
#17
Gül Russell
In 1933 the Turkish Republic formally offered university positions to 30 German-speaking academics who were dismissed with the coming to power of the National Socialist Government. That initial number went up to 56 with the inclusion of the technical assistants. By 1948 the estimated total had increased to 199. Given renewable five-year contracts with salaries substantially higher than their Turkish counterparts, the foreign émigrés were to implement the westernization program of higher education. The ten year-old secular Turkish Republic's extensive social reforms had encompassed the adoption of the Latin alphabet, and equal rights for women, removing gender bias in hiring...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388255/eugenics-ideals-racial-hygiene-and-the-emigration-process-of-german-american-neurogeneticist-franz-josef-kallmann-1897-1965
#18
Stephen Pow, Frank W Stahnisch
Biological psychiatry in the early twentieth century was based on interrelated disciplines, such as neurology and experimental biology. Neuropsychiatrist Franz Josef Kallmann (1897-1965) was a product of this interdisciplinary background who showed an ability to adapt to different scientific contexts, first in the field of neuromorphology in Berlin, and later in New York. Nonetheless, having innovative ideas, as Kallmann did, could be an ambiguous advantage, since they could lead to incommensurable scientific views and marginalization in existing research programs...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388254/new-perspectives-on-forced-migration-in-the-history-of-twentieth-century-neuroscience
#19
Frank W Stahnisch, Gül Russell
This special issue of the Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, comprised of six articles and one commentary, reflects on the multifold dimensions of intellectual migration in the neurosciences and illustrates them by relevant case studies, biographies, and surveys from twentieth-century history of science and medicine perspectives. The special issue as a whole strives to emphasize the impact of forced migration in the neurosciences and psychiatry from an interdisciplinary perspective by, first, describing the general research topic, second, by showing how new models can be applied to the historiography and social studies of twentieth-century neuroscience, and, third, by providing a deeper understanding of the impact of European émigré researchers on emerging allied fields, such as neurogenetics, biological psychiatry, psychosomatics, and public mental health, etc...
July 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366966/the-sleeping-brain-extenuating-circumstances-of-the-marquis-de-la-fayette-on-october-6-1789
#20
Régis Olry, Duane E Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
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