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Journal of the History of the Neurosciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880075/holes-in-the-head-the-art-and-archeology-of-trepanation-in-ancient-peru-by-john-w-verano
#1
Stanley Finger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749148/the-earliest-observations-on-facial-palsy
#2
Edward H Reynolds, James V Kinnier Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050717/neuroanniversary-2017
#3
Paul Eling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927332/theodore-l-sourkes-phd-frsc-oc-february-21-1919-january-17-2015
#4
Paul Foley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829058/het-brein-van-farao-tot-fmri-een-fenomenale-ontdekkingsreis-the-brain-from-pharaoh-to-fmri-an-extraordinary-journey-through-the-history-of-brain-science-by-kees-brunia
#5
Han Diesfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828976/who-was-the-red-dean
#6
Paul Eling, Kees Brunia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828891/who-was-the-red-dean
#7
Paul Eling, Kees Brunia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26666300/a-convenient-inconvenience-the-eponymous-legacy-of-sir-william-richard-gowers-1845-1915
#8
Nadeem Toodayan
A century since his passing, the legacy of the great Victorian clinical neurologist, Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915), remains traceable to students and practitioners of medicine worldwide through eponymous medical terms named in his honor. Popular designations like "Gowers' sign" continue to lead curious minds to learn more about the pioneering neurologist's lifework and influence, and yet Gowers himself was not fond of medical eponyms. Memorably remarking that eponyms were an educational "inconvenience" in medicine, Gowers was apt to disfavor the system in the very same lecture in which he reportedly first referred to the spinal cord fasciculus that later took his name...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26584250/an-entire-universe-of-the-roman-world-s-architecture-found-in-the-human-skull
#9
Dana Turliuc, Șerban Turliuc, Andrei Cucu, Gabriela Dumitrescu, Claudia Costea
Today's neuroanatomical terminology has its origins in the Romans' way of life, in their civil and military house architecture, as well as in the fields of engineering and technology. Despite the fact that they did not know how the nervous system worked and what the role of each neuroanatomic structure was, over time, especially in Renaissance and early modern times, the anatomists sought descriptive names for the nervous structures they have identified by way of similarity with some ancient items. This study aims to briefly review the influence of Roman architecture, engineering, and technology on neuroanatomic nomenclature, the precursor of modern neuroanatomical terminology...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26584151/discovering-the-structure-of-nerve-tissue-part-3-from-jan-evangelista-purkyn%C3%A4-to-ludwig-mauthner
#10
Alexandr Chvátal
The previous works of Purkyně, Valentin, and Remak showed that the central and peripheral nervous systems contained not only nerve fibers but also cellular elements. The use of microscopes and new fixation techniques enabled them to accurately obtain data on the structure of nerve tissue and consequently in many European universities microscopes started to become widely used in histological and morphological studies. The present review summarizes important discoveries concerning the structure of neural tissue, mostly from vertebrates, during the period from 1838 to 1865...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566190/th%C3%A3-odore-flournoy-on-synesthetic-personification
#11
Anna Plassart, Rebekah C White
In 1893, Théodore Flournoy published a landmark book on synesthesia - Des phénomènes de synopsie [Of Synoptic Phenomena]. The book presented a pioneering chapter on synesthetic personification, including numerous striking case examples, and it is frequently cited by twenty-first-century researchers as providing some of the earliest examples of the phenomenon. Flournoy employed a broad definition of personification - the representation of stimuli as concrete and specific individuals or inanimate objects. This definition encompassed a more extensive set of phenomena than the definition used by researchers today and was illustrated by cases that would fall outside of contemporary subtypes of synesthetic personification...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767377/the-split-between-gall-and-spurzheim-1813-1818
#12
Harry Whitaker, Gonia Jarema
An acerbic footnote in Volume 3 (1818) of the five-volume great work of Franz Joseph Gall and Johann Gaspar Spurzheim, Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System in General and of the Brain in Particular with Observations on the Possibility of Understanding the Many Moral and Intellectual Dispositions of Man and Animals by the Configuration of Their Heads, marked the end of the collaboration between Gall, the founder of organologie, and Spurzheim, promoter of phrenology. We discuss the background of this note and the nature of the rift that marked the end of Gall and Spurzheim's collaboration...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684552/paul-broca-s-search-for-basque-skulls-the-full-story
#13
Santiago Giménez-Roldán
Paul Broca surmised that the short and broad-brachycephalic-skulls of the earliest European settlers had become longer and narrower-dolichocephalic-in modern populations due to the blending of different races. Swedish anatomist Anders Retzius had two brachycephalic skulls said to be from contemporary Basque individuals, a claim suited to test Broca's hypothesis. Broca worked with fellow anatomist and surgeon Pedro González Velasco, the founding father of Spanish anthropology, to gather a large number of Basque skulls...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379572/neurhistalert-22
#14
Frank W Stahnisch, Jyh Yung Hor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691515/on-the-origin-of-the-term-ependyma
#15
František Šimon
The term ependyma is considered as a translation of the expression integumentum ventriculorum cerebri or Überzug der Hirnhöhlen [the lining of the brain ventricles] in German used by the Wenzel brothers (1812). The first documented usage of this term is found in the work of the German anatomist Karl Ernst Bock from the year 1839, but nobody has ever claimed authorship of the word. Formulations such as "so-called" are used in connection with the term, avoiding any reference to a specific originator. The term first started being used in anatomical literature written in German...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529591/singultus-foetalis-and-dr-alfons-mermann
#16
Christopher C Miller, Georg A Petroianu
During intrauterine life, hiccups are universally present, their incidence peaking in the third trimester. Alfons Mermann (1852-1908), a gynecologist from Mannheim, Germany, best known for having established the Luisenheim Woechnerinnenasyl [lying-in asylum] there in 1887, is viewed as the first physician to name and describe singultus foetalis [fetal hiccups] in a modern peer-reviewed scientific publication. This short report attempts to shed some light on the work of Dr. Mermann and to explore whether or not he was indeed the first to recognize this phenomenon...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26529508/the-dissertation-on-pain-by-jan-k%C3%A5-titel-boh%C3%A3-%C3%A4-published-in-1746
#17
Alexandr Chvátal
It is reported that continuous attention to the topic of pain in the Czech lands started only in the sixties of the twentieth century. Newly discovered archival documents show, however, that the subject of pain was studied at the Prague Medical Faculty more than 200 years before. In 1746 one of the medical students, Jan Křtitel Boháč (John Baptist Bohadsch) defended his dissertation on pain, titled "De Doloribus in Genere." Unlike other dissertations of the time, Boháč's treatise was not a mere transcription of the teaching texts...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26528577/the-intercalatus-nucleus-of-staderini
#18
Marco Cascella
Rutilio Staderini was one of the leading Italian anatomists of the twentieth century, together with some scientists, such as Giulio Chiarugi, Giovanni Vitali, and others. He was also a member of a new generation of anatomists. They had continued the tradition of the most famous Italian scientists, which started from the Renaissance up until the nineteenth century. Although he carried out important studies of neuroanatomy and comparative anatomy, as well as embryology, his name is rarely remembered by most medical historians...
October 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625080/pharmacology-and-psychiatry-at-the-origins-of-greek-medicine-the-myth-of-melampus-and-the-madness-of-the-proetides
#19
Matteo F Olivieri, Francesca Marzari, Andreas J Kesel, Laura Bonalume, Francesco Saettini
Melampus is a seer-healer of Greek myth attributed with having healed the young princesses of Argos of madness. Analysis of this legend and its sources sheds light on the early stages of the "medicalizing" shift in the history of ancient Greek medicine. Retrospective psychological diagnosis suggests that the descriptions of the youths' madness rose from actual observation of behavioral and mental disorders. Melampus is credited with having healed them by administering hellebore. Pharmacological analysis of botanical specimens proves that Helleborus niger features actual neurological properties effective in the treatment of mental disorders...
September 13, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608268/the-devil-always-experienced-malicious-pleasure-in-imposing-himself-in-neuropsychiatric-nosology
#20
Régis Olry, Duane E Haines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
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