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Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940150/-suicide-risk-in-somatoform-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Giancarlo Giupponi, Ignazio Maniscalco, Sandra Mathà, Carlotta Ficco, Georg Pernther, Livia Sanna, Maurizio Pompili, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Andreas Conca
BACKGROUND: The somatoform disorders include a group of complex disorders consist of somatic symptoms for which there are no identifiable organic cause or pathogenetic mechanisms. Given the importance of these disorders and the need to clarify the diagnosis of somatoform disorder affecting the suicide risk, we took into consideration the scientific literature to investigate the correlation between the two conditions. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic search through Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, SciELO, ORCID, Google Scholar, DOAJ using the following terms: somatoform, somatization disorder, pain disorder AND psychological factor, suicide, parasuicide, suicidality...
September 22, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864970/die-beschw%C3%A3-rung-des-paradiesischen
#2
Nina Ansperger, Maria Höger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887619/-psychodynamics-in-organisation-and-cooperation-of-child-and-adolescents-institutions
#3
Rainer Fliedl, Kathrin Sevecke
According to underlying law (Krankenanstaltengesetz) the internal structure of Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (CAP) represents a matrix structure, defining formal roles and tasks of the personel. In contrast, external cooperation is defined in several different laws. Furthermore, patients and their systems are exhibiting a high tensional potential. These different influences can cause more or less severe enmeshments. Thus, during the treatment of this patients it is necessary to take into account the possibility of these enmeshments...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856567/-assement-of-incapacity-to-work-and-the-mini-icf-app
#4
Benedikt Habermeyer, Stefan Kaiser, Wolfram Kawohl, Erich Seifritz
OBJECTIVE: According to recent recommendations the Mini-ICF Rating for Limitations of Activities and Participation in Psychological Disorders (Mini-ICF-APP) should be used in the assessment of incapacity to work. However evidence from empirical research in the field is missing. METHODS: The application of the Mini-ICF-APP in the psychiatric assessment of 121 cases was analysed. RESULTS: A significant correlation between capacity to work and the duration of sick-leave with the Mini-ICF-APP sum-score was confirmed...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853045/-the-history-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-essay-about-a-long-development
#5
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein
The history of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria is very short - it was established first in 1975, finally it achieved the status of a seperate specialisation in 2007. In earlier years the name of this specialty was used under the guise of scientific interest for malpractice and child abuse or child murder during the times of the 2nd World War.But also, the development after 1945 showed how long abviant ideas could survive. During the last decade CAP showed a formidable development, quality and support of patient care improved significantly...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853042/-future-development-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria
#6
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein, Rainer Fliedl, Kathrin Sevecke, Andreas Karwautz
Anniversaries are turningpoints for reflexions of the past and planing for the future. In conclusion of all papers in this actual issue one can say tha CAP has reached a respected place in the medical landscape. Also internationally, the work of Austrian child and adolescent psychiatrist is recognised and respected. CAP is cooperating as an respected discipline with adjacent specialties as pediatrics and psychiatry as well as with external partners as Kinder- und Jugendhilfe (social child welfare).Anyway, the actual situation shows several deficits concerning patient care on all levels of the health system as well as in education and training of sufficient numbers of child and adolescent psychiatrists...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853032/-the-epidemiology-of-mental-disorders-in-youth-a%C3%A2-narrative-review-including-austrian-data
#7
Martin Fuchs, Andreas Karwautz
For decades, epidemiological studies have consistently and impressively demonstrated the frequency of mental illness in childhood and adolescence. Mental health disorders are among the most common causes of diminished quality of life among young people, sometimes casting long shadows into adulthood. This narrative review looks at this phenomenon using a selection of research findings dealing with overall prevalence figures, with the prevalence of individual disorders, and with the progression of mental illness from childhood and adolescence to adulthood...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853027/-ten-years-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-a-new-medical-speciality-within-the-structures-of-public-health-services
#8
Charlotte Hartl, Andreas Karwautz
We discuss the comprehensive work for the development of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria, summarize the current status of care in various settings and focus on further developments. Intramural care offers about 50% of the places needed and is heterogeneously distributed over the country, extramural care offers already around one quarter of care in need. We calculated a fully developed extramural care system from about 2033. Further development of the Austrian care system in child and adolescent psychiatry needs collaborative efforts of all responsible players...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853017/-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-panorama
#9
Franz Resch
The child- and adolescent psychiatry has emancipated itself 10 years ago from an additional specialist physician's area to a separate specialist medical domain with a specific curriculum. Associated with this is an irreconcilable interlacing with the psychotherapy of childhood and adolescence. Even if childhood and juvenile psychiatry is always settled within the framework of a biopsychosocial model, psychotherapy is of particular importance. In the following, the psychotherapeutic requirements and ethical issues of the human being are to be formulated according to a view on the new morbidity and the Zeitgeist in which we are working...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853003/-preventive-human-rights-monitoring-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-welfare-institutions
#10
Ernst Berger, Caroline Paar
Since 1 July 2012 the Austrian Ombudsman Board (AOB) together with its six regional expert commissions form the so called "National Prevention Mechanism" implementing the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The commissions are mandated to conduct regular, unrestricted and unannounced visits to all types of places in which there is or can be a deprivation or restriction of personal liberty, such as prisons, police stations, but also psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852998/editorial
#11
EDITORIAL
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein, Andreas Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#12
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929409/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#13
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791627/influence-of-intravenous-administration-of-the-antipsychotic-drug-benperidol-on-the-qt-interval
#14
Alexander Schmidt, Peter Fischer, Beate Wally, Joachim Scharfetter
A group effect is generally assumed regarding the prolongation of the QT interval through butyrophenone antipsychotics like haloperidol. Consequently intravenous administration of benperidol is seen critically notwithstanding sparse evidence; thus benperidol and haloperidol were compared regarding their cardiac risk of prolonging the QT interval when administered intravenously for acute sedation of psychotic patients. The QT interval was measured by a 12-lead ECG. For the correction of QT values Bazett's formula was used...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#15
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791573/development-of-a%C3%A2-clinical-version-of-the-carers-needs-assessment-for-schizophrenia
#16
Johannes Wancata, Fabian Friedrich, Annemarie Unger, Rebecca Jahn
OBJECTIVE: Based on the research version of the Carers' Needs Assessment for Schizophrenia (CNA-S) a shortened clinical version was developed for routine assessment of interventions needed by the caregivers of schizophrenia patients in everyday clinical work. METHODS: The development of this questionnaire (including a manual explaining its use) was based on results from earlier studies and suggestions from Austrian researchers involved in previous studies using the research version...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667578/-who-benefits-from-the-night-clinic-value-of-a%C3%A2-part-time-treatment-facility
#18
Constanze Stutz, Wolfram Kawohl, Christoph Platz, Ingeborg Warnke, Matthias Jäger
BACKGROUND: The night clinic which is part of the psychiatric department of the University of Zurich is a part-time treatment option with psychiatric treatment and support in the evening. This study aimed to characterize the patients and detect different functions of the treatment setting. METHODS: Data of 253 patients covering a six-year period from 2008 up to 2013 were retrospectively assessed using descriptive methods. Subgroups according to the situation before admission and after discharge were compared...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639210/-oxytocin-and-the-mechanisms-of-alcohol-dependence
#19
REVIEW
Till Faehrmann, Gerald Zernig, Sergei Mechtcheriakov
One of the crucial purposes of treating alcohol-dependent patients is to enhance their ability to stay abstinent after detoxification therapy. Anxiety and stress vulnerability are the main factors provoking alcohol craving and relapse. In the first months of abstinence, alcohol-dependent patients frequently show sleep disturbances, irritability and depression, indicating chronic activation of stress pathways. In addition, the loss of confidence in interpersonal interactions results in social withdrawal and reduced willingness to participate in therapeutic programs...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#20
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
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