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Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767379/individual-cognitive-change-after-dbs-surgery-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-using-reliable-change-index-methodology
#1
Thomas Foki, Daniela Hitzl, Walter Pirker, Klaus Novak, Gisela Pusswald, Johann Lehrner
Long-term therapy of Parkinson's disease (PD) with levodopa (L-DOPA) is associated with a high risk of developing motor fluctuations and dyskinesia. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in PD patients of the subthalamic nucleus can improve these motor complications. Although the positive effect on motor symptoms has been proven, postoperative cognitive decline has been documented. To tackle the impact of PD-DBS on cognition, 18 DBS patients were compared to 25 best medically treated Parkinson's patients, 24 Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) patients and 12 healthy controls using the Neuropsychological Test Battery Vienna-long (NTBV-long) for cognitive outcome 12 months after first examination...
May 16, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728981/quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-with-inpatient-treatment-in-adolescents-with-psychiatric-disorders-a-comparison-between-patients-parents-and-caregivers-self-assessments-at-admission-and-discharge
#2
Petra Katzenschläger, Rainer Fliedl, Christian Popow, Michael Kundi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare results of patients', parents', and caregivers' (nursing staff and educators) (self-)assessments of quality of life, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction with inpatient treatment in a child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. In addition, the investigation included a comparison between admission and discharge of the three investigated groups. METHODS: The study considered adolescents at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hinterbruehl, along with their parents and caregivers...
May 4, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675657/-impact-of-psychoeducation-on-the-disease-concept-in-bipolar-patients
#3
Christian Simhandl, Barbara König
Aim of the investigation was the proof of influence of specific psychoeducation for bipolar disorder patients and their concept of illness. Additionally we looked in a subsample at the in literature described equal efficacy of peer to peer councelling and councelling by bipolar specialists in psychoeducationIn our investigation on 176 bipolar patients we could show in group psychoeducation that specific group psychoeducation by trained personal and by experts leads to a changed perception of the disorder concept...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654470/-parental-alienation-syndrome-a-serious-form-of-child-psychological-abuse
#4
Wilfrid von Boch-Galhau
Induced parental alienation is a specific form of psychological child abuse, which is listed in DSM-5, the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), under diagnostic code V 995.51 "child psychological abuse". Untreated induced parental alienation can lead to long-term traumatic psychological and physical effects in the children concerned. This fact is still not given sufficient attention in family court cases. The article gives a condensed overview of parental alienation, summarising its definition, the symptoms and the various levels of severity...
April 13, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637424/-cultural-differences-concerning-depressive-disorders-and-attachment-dimensions
#5
Elif Gündüz, Barbara H Juen, Willi Geser, Ahmet Ayer, Eberhard A Deisenhammer
BACKGROUND: Attachment is a psychological parameter across cultures and is influenced by childhood experiences. Though the construct of attachment tends to certain stability, different influences, like culture, can change the quality of attachment during lifetime. As can be seen from the example of depression in adulthood the clinical symptoms of this disorder may be different due to the cultural background. METHODS: The present study focuses on inter- and intracultural differences concerning the attachment qualities of Turkish people in the homeland, Turkish migrants in Austria and Austrians (N = 297) by using the self-assessment questionnaire RSQ...
April 10, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516360/no-evidence-of-subgroups-found-in-amphetamine-consumers-in-iran
#6
Atireza Bananej, Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Otto Lesch, Henriette Walter, Katrin Skala
Amphetamine type substances are the second most commonly consumed illicit drug type and their use is an important contributor to the global burden of disease. This investigation set out to determine whether, similar to alcohol or nicotine addiction, subgroups of consumers can also be found in amphetamine addicts. 204 consumers of methamphetamine only (n = 50) or both methamphetamine and heroin (n = 154) have been investigated in Mashhad, Iran by means of "Lesch Alcoholism Typology". No significant differences in consumption pattern or age of onset have been found between the different types...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516359/-time-related-aspects-of-suicides-suicide-frequency-related-to-birthday-major-holidays-day-of-the-week-season-month-of-birth-and-zodiac-signs
#7
Eberhard A Deisenhammer, Christoph Stiglbauer, Georg Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Suicides are generally the consequence of overchallenged coping strategies of individual for psychological, social or internal and external biological strain factors. Timing of the suicide, too, may be influenced by external factors. Studies so far have yielded in part inconsistent results concerning the association of suicides with particular days or periods of the year. Even less is known regarding a potential effect of the time of birth on suicide risk. METHODS: The Tyrol Suicide Register (TSR) provides data on suicides occurring in the Austrian State of Tyrol including birthday of the suicide victim and day of the suicide...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516358/-position-paper-about-the-care-of-refugees-a-statement-about-the-psychosocial-health-care-of-refugees
#8
REVIEW
Carryn Danzinger, Matthäus Fellinger, Waltraud Fellinger-Vols, Georg Psota, Johannes Wancata, Alice Wimmer, Thomas Wochele-Thoma
This paper is general statement about the psychosocial care of refugees, developed by the of the Austrian Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics as well as by the Austrian Society for Social Psychiatry. Reasons of recent wave of refugees and the usual mental disorders among refugees are described. The increasing number of refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants poses a challenge for mental health services in Europe. As a consequence, several expert recommendations were given. As a first step, basic needs of refugees such as regular housing facilities, sufficient nutrition and safety in everyday life should be met...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516406/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#9
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516405/bericht-aus-dem-pr%C3%A3-sidium-der-%C3%A3-gkjp
#10
A Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446049/%C3%A2-wer-aber-ist-johann-hauser-%C3%A2
#11
Maria Höger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327315/maternal-bonding-behavior-adult-intimate-relationship-and-quality-of-life
#12
Michaela Schmoeger, Matthias Deckert, Petra Wagner, Ulrike Sirsch, Ulrike Willinger
Continuity and discontinuity in the development of social relationships have been investigated by reviewing the course of social bonds and by analyzing the effects of a sound intimate relationship in adulthood in conjunction with recalled maternal bonding on the quality of life among students.A questionnaire-based study of 207 students was conducted. Perceptions of maternal bonding were designated as being representative of one of the two contrasting bonding types "optimal maternal bonding" and "affectionless maternal control" assessed by the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and combined with perceptions of a sound intimate adult relationship measured by the Family Assessment Measure III Dyadic Relationships Scale (FAM-III-D)...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236245/-relevance-of-type-of-diagnosis-and-occupational-status-for-the-results-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#13
Friedrich Riffer, Manuel Sprung, Lore Streibl, Elmar Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: The specific effectiveness of psychiatric rehabilitation has been confirmed in numerous studies. Of particular interest is to what extend different results can be observed regarding the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients. Unemployment at the start of treatment is generally deemed to be a disadvantage for treatment outcome. Weaker treatment effects have also been reported for some types of mental illnesses, such as pain- und somatoform disorders. METHODS: Results from the evaluation of a sample of 2260 patients form the psychiatric rehabilitation clinic Gars am Kamp were analyzed, with regard to the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940150/-suicide-risk-in-somatoform-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Giancarlo Giupponi, Ignazio Maniscalco, Sandra Mathà, Carlotta Ficco, Georg Pernther, Livia Sanna, Maurizio Pompili, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Andreas Conca
BACKGROUND: The somatoform disorders include a group of complex disorders consist of somatic symptoms for which there are no identifiable organic cause or pathogenetic mechanisms. Given the importance of these disorders and the need to clarify the diagnosis of somatoform disorder affecting the suicide risk, we took into consideration the scientific literature to investigate the correlation between the two conditions. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic search through Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, SciELO, ORCID, Google Scholar, DOAJ using the following terms: somatoform, somatization disorder, pain disorder AND psychological factor, suicide, parasuicide, suicidality...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#15
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639210/-oxytocin-and-the-mechanisms-of-alcohol-dependence
#16
REVIEW
Till Faehrmann, Gerald Zernig, Sergei Mechtcheriakov
One of the crucial purposes of treating alcohol-dependent patients is to enhance their ability to stay abstinent after detoxification therapy. Anxiety and stress vulnerability are the main factors provoking alcohol craving and relapse. In the first months of abstinence, alcohol-dependent patients frequently show sleep disturbances, irritability and depression, indicating chronic activation of stress pathways. In addition, the loss of confidence in interpersonal interactions results in social withdrawal and reduced willingness to participate in therapeutic programs...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a-pilot-study
#17
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
March 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327316/-diagnosis-differential-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-substance-use-disorders-in-general-hospital-general-section
#18
REVIEW
Anton Schmick, Josef Jenewein, Sönke Böttger
Substance use disorders are becoming an increasingly significant problem in general hospitals and hence play a key role in consultation- and liaison psychiatry. Diverse psychotropic effects of various substances mimic psychiatric disorders. An alcohol intoxication can present depressive or manic symptoms, a cannabis delirium can present as a psychosis while stimulants use can suggest the diagnosis of an anxiety disorder. Obtaining dual diagnoses by identifying substance-induced and non-substance-induced psychopathologies is clinically challenging...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230722/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#19
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230721/bericht-aus-dem-pr%C3%A3-sidium-der-%C3%A3-gkjp
#20
Andreas Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
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