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Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328583/differences-regarding-the-five-factor-personality-model-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
Evelyn Berger-Sieczkowski, Bernadette Gruber, Elisabeth Stögmann, Johann Lehrner
Personality and dementia are connected in different ways. A broad knowledge about personality and prodromal stages of dementia might be helpful to identify dementia as early as possible. Hence, personality differences between three cognitively impaired groups on the basis of patients' self-assessments of personality traits and connections between personality and cognitive functioning were examined via a cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of cognitively impaired patients (N = 133), aged 50 and older, who came to a memory clinic due to cognitive complaints...
October 17, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328582/-meta-analysis-of-evaluation-results-of-psychiatric-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-in-austria
#2
REVIEW
Manuel Sprung, Hannah M Münch, Elmar Kaiser, Lore Streibl, Friedrich Riffer
OBJECTIVE: Since previous meta-analyses of psychiatric-psychosomatic rehabilitation only rarely included studies from Austrian rehabilitation clinics a systematic review with meta-analysis of previously available evaluation results from Austrian rehabilitation clinics should be conducted. METHODS: A systematic literature search in several data bases (Psyndex, PsycInfo, MEDLINE, Pubmed) and additional manual search was conducted. Evaluation results from the most commonly used assessment instruments (SCL-90/BSI, BDI, WHOQOL-BREF, GAF) were extracted from the studies included and subsequently a meta-analysis was calculated with the extracted data (pre-post comparison)...
October 17, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30267381/-beliefs-and-distress-related-to-hearing-voices-the-german-version-of-the-beliefs-about-voices-questionnaire-revised-bavq-r
#3
Andrea Gmeiner, Jessica Aslan, Amy Gaglia, Tamara Rumpold, Beate Schrank, Stefanie Süßenbacher, Michaela Amering
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about voices are a determining factor with regards to distress, coping and therapeutic interventions in verbal auditory hallucinations. Aim of the present study was to use and validate the internationally well established Beliefs About Voices Questionnaire-Revised (BAVQ-R) in a German translation with people suffering from schizophrenic psychoses. METHODS: 93 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and current verbal auditory hallucinations completed the BAVQ-R autonomously for their dominant voice...
September 28, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232709/-remission-of-a-complex-periodic-catatonic-syndrome-under-electroconvulsive-therapy
#4
Robert Queissner, Walter Wurm, Christoph Ebner, Eva Reininghaus, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
This article is reporting about a spontaneous occurred catatonic syndrome in a 52 years old female patients with no prior psychiatric illness record. The catatonia followed a severe depressive episode with psychotic symptoms. At the beginning additionally to the catatonic-symptoms severe disorientation and memory disturbances were prominent in a way it can be seen in neurodegenerative diseases like Lewy-Body-Dementia and Creutzfeldt-Jacob-Disease. The patient didn't respond on any medication or showed severe side-effects which led to discontinue the medication...
September 19, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218392/somatic-complaints-in-children-and-adolescents-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#5
Petra Sackl-Pammer, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Rebecca Jahn, Andreas Karwautz, Eva Pollak, Susanne Ohmann, Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
BACKGROUND: Associations of social anxiety disorder (SAD) with various somatic symptoms have been already reported in the literature several times. The present study investigated somatic complaints in children and adolescents with SAD compared to controls and evaluated the relationship between social anxiety and somatic symptom severity. METHODS: Thirty children and adolescents with SAD were compared with 36 healthy age-matched controls. Self-reported fears were assessed using the Phobiefragebogen für Kinder und Jugendliche (PHOKI); emotional and behavioral problems were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL/4-18); and the Gießener Beschwerdebogen für Kinder und Jugendliche (GBB-KJ) was used to assess 59 somatic symptoms...
September 14, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194609/-coercive-interventions-historical-summary-and-review-of-subjective-experience
#6
REVIEW
Monika Edlinger, Tobias Bader, Alex Hofer
Psychiatric treatment has always been associated with violence and coercion. Involuntary admission and coercive measures are still frequently occurring components in everyday clinical practice.Up to 15% of psychiatric inpatients experience coercive treatment at least once during hospital stay. Particularly patients suffering from schizophrenia, organic mental disorders and mania have a high risk for such incidents.There is an ongoing intense debate on the need and justification of coercive measures, although most clinicians and scientists currently agree that there is no alternative...
September 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167986/-medical-continuity-in-the-supply-psychiatry-before-and-after-implementation-of-the-new-working-hours-act-based-on-the-example-of-the-psychiatric-department-in-the-danube-hospital-vienna
#7
Peter Fischer, Joachim Scharfetter, Heinz Hundsdorfer, Alexandra Bushkova, Sören Hanak, Beate Wally
A successful and sustainable treatment of psychiatric patients is based on intensive relationship work. After the introduction of the new Working Hours Act the standards of evidence-based treatment are endangered. Using the data of the official working schedule of the Psychiatric Department of the Danube hospital in Vienna, before and after the introduction of the new Working Hours Act, we demonstrate a significant decrease of the medical consistency of the patient-related doctors. New approaches must be considered in order to solve this problem of quality...
August 30, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128657/-current-state-of-the-scientific-literature-on-effects-of-therapeutic-climbing-on-mental-health-conclusion-a-lot-to-do
#8
REVIEW
Anika Frühauf, Kathrin Sevecke, Martin Kopp
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic Climbing is applied in physiological as well as in psychological rehabilitation programs. Systematic reviews have been conducted, evaluating the physiological effects of therapeutic climbing. The aim of the following article is a review on existing literature about the psychological effects of climbing therapy. METHODS: We searched the databases of PubMed, Scholar and ScienceDirect up to December 2017 in German and English language. Trials were included if they assessed psychological variables in climbing interventions...
August 20, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178225/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand-der-%C3%A3-gkjp
#9
A Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178224/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#10
Ursula Goedl-Fleischhacker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178223/%C3%A2-80%C3%A2-jahre-nach-dem-anschluss%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#11
EDITORIAL
Georg Psota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132270/%C3%A2-gehirngef%C3%A3-hl-kunst-aus-gugging-von-1970-bis-zur-gegenwart%C3%A2-die-neue-dauerausstellung-im-museum-gugging-zu-sehen-bis-11-april-2021
#12
Maria Höger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948852/the-mental-health-in-austrian-teenagers-mhat-study-design-methodology-description-of-study-population
#13
Michael Zeiler, Gudrun Wagner, Julia Philipp, Martina Nitsch, Stefanie Truttmann, Wolfgang Dür, Andreas Karwautz, Karin Waldherr
Profound epidemiological data on the prevalence of mental health disorders and respective risk and protective factors is a prerequisite for adequate prevention, intervention and service planning. Children and adolescents are regarded as high priority groups for prevention in this field because of the high chronicity and individual burden of mental health disorders. The Mental Health in Austrian Teenagers (MHAT)-Study is the first epidemiological study based on a large representative sample of adolescents (N > 3700) in Austria in order to obtain the prevalence of a wide range of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders...
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675657/-impact-of-psychoeducation-on-the-disease-concept-in-bipolar-patients
#14
Christian Simhandl, Barbara König
Aim of the investigation was the proof of influence of specific psychoeducation for bipolar disorder patients and their concept of illness. Additionally we looked in a subsample at the in literature described equal efficacy of peer to peer councelling and councelling by bipolar specialists in psychoeducationIn our investigation on 176 bipolar patients we could show in group psychoeducation that specific group psychoeducation by trained personal and by experts leads to a changed perception of the disorder concept...
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654470/-parental-alienation-syndrome-a-serious-form-of-child-psychological-abuse
#15
Wilfrid von Boch-Galhau
Induced parental alienation is a specific form of psychological child abuse, which is listed in DSM-5, the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), under diagnostic code V 995.51 "child psychological abuse". Untreated induced parental alienation can lead to long-term traumatic psychological and physical effects in the children concerned. This fact is still not given sufficient attention in family court cases. The article gives a condensed overview of parental alienation, summarising its definition, the symptoms and the various levels of severity...
September 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992439/-strangulation-as-scenic-behavior-a-case-report-of-a-pseudosuicide-in-the-course-of-a-nrem-parasomnia
#16
Omid Amouzadeh-Ghadikolai, Laura Pascale-Scharmüller, Andreas Baranyi, Michael Lehofer, Michael Saletu
It is generally accepted, that sleepwalkers show complex behaviors leading to non-intended consequences. It is not unusual that these persons are thereby injured. However, sporadically a bizarre endangering of themselves or others is reported also, which ranges from homicide of the life partner to accidental (pseudo-)suicide.In this article, we report on a 28year-old man who unexpectedly attempted to hang himself by a whip at night. We discuss the reasons, why this bizarre act should actually be taken as a scenic behavior in the course of a NREM-parasomnia, and the difficulty to proof this claim...
July 10, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987508/screening-for-dementia-with-the-vienna-visuo-constructional-test-3-0-screening-vvt-3-0-screening
#17
Noel Valencia, Johann Lehrner
BACKGROUND: Visuo-constructive functions are an important cognitive domain for the diagnosis and early detection of dementia. Using the Vienna Visuo-Constructional Test 3.0 Screening (VVT 3.0 Screening), we assessed visuo-constructive performance in subjective cognitive decline (SCD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and healthy control (HC) groups to determine whether VVT scores can be used to distinguish the mentioned diagnostic groups and predict disease progression to more advanced stages...
July 9, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884958/bericht-aus-dem-pr%C3%A3-sidium-der-%C3%A3-gkjp
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884957/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#19
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846913/sind-leitlinien-umsetzbar
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
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