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Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327316/-diagnosis-differential-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-substance-use-disorders-in-general-hospital-general-section
#1
REVIEW
Anton Schmick, Josef Jenewein, Sönke Böttger
Substance use disorders are becoming an increasingly significant problem in general hospitals and hence play a key role in consultation- and liaison psychiatry. Diverse psychotropic effects of various substances mimic psychiatric disorders. An alcohol intoxication can present depressive or manic symptoms, a cannabis delirium can present as a psychosis while stimulants use can suggest the diagnosis of an anxiety disorder. Obtaining dual diagnoses by identifying substance-induced and non-substance-induced psychopathologies is clinically challenging...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327315/maternal-bonding-behavior-adult-intimate-relationship-and-quality-of-life
#2
Michaela Schmoeger, Matthias Deckert, Petra Wagner, Ulrike Sirsch, Ulrike Willinger
Continuity and discontinuity in the development of social relationships have been investigated by reviewing the course of social bonds and by analyzing the effects of a sound intimate relationship in adulthood in conjunction with recalled maternal bonding on the quality of life among students.A questionnaire-based study of 207 students was conducted. Perceptions of maternal bonding were designated as being representative of one of the two contrasting bonding types "optimal maternal bonding" and "affectionless maternal control" assessed by the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and combined with perceptions of a sound intimate adult relationship measured by the Family Assessment Measure III Dyadic Relationships Scale (FAM-III-D)...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236245/-relevance-of-type-of-diagnosis-and-occupational-status-for-the-results-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#3
Friedrich Riffer, Manuel Sprung, Lore Streibl, Elmar Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: The specific effectiveness of psychiatric rehabilitation has been confirmed in numerous studies. Of particular interest is to what extend different results can be observed regarding the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients. Unemployment at the start of treatment is generally deemed to be a disadvantage for treatment outcome. Weaker treatment effects have also been reported for some types of mental illnesses, such as pain- und somatoform disorders. METHODS: Results from the evaluation of a sample of 2260 patients form the psychiatric rehabilitation clinic Gars am Kamp were analyzed, with regard to the occupational status and type of mental illness of patients...
December 13, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189949/haben-retardierte-morphine-vorteile-gegen%C3%A3-ber-anderen-substitutionspr%C3%A3-paraten
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164501/-achtung-hier-tut-johann-garber-malen-und-basteln
#5
Maria Höger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230722/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#6
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230721/bericht-aus-dem-pr%C3%A3-sidium-der-%C3%A3-gkjp
#7
Andreas Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940150/-suicide-risk-in-somatoform-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Giancarlo Giupponi, Ignazio Maniscalco, Sandra Mathà, Carlotta Ficco, Georg Pernther, Livia Sanna, Maurizio Pompili, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Andreas Conca
BACKGROUND: The somatoform disorders include a group of complex disorders consist of somatic symptoms for which there are no identifiable organic cause or pathogenetic mechanisms. Given the importance of these disorders and the need to clarify the diagnosis of somatoform disorder affecting the suicide risk, we took into consideration the scientific literature to investigate the correlation between the two conditions. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic search through Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, SciELO, ORCID, Google Scholar, DOAJ using the following terms: somatoform, somatization disorder, pain disorder AND psychological factor, suicide, parasuicide, suicidality...
September 22, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929409/bericht-aus-dem-vorstand
#9
Moritz Mühlbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864970/die-beschw%C3%A3-rung-des-paradiesischen
#10
Nina Ansperger, Maria Höger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887619/-psychodynamics-in-organisation-and-cooperation-of-child-and-adolescents-institutions
#11
Rainer Fliedl, Kathrin Sevecke
According to underlying law (Krankenanstaltengesetz) the internal structure of Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (CAP) represents a matrix structure, defining formal roles and tasks of the personel. In contrast, external cooperation is defined in several different laws. Furthermore, patients and their systems are exhibiting a high tensional potential. These different influences can cause more or less severe enmeshments. Thus, during the treatment of this patients it is necessary to take into account the possibility of these enmeshments...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856567/-assement-of-incapacity-to-work-and-the-mini-icf-app
#12
Benedikt Habermeyer, Stefan Kaiser, Wolfram Kawohl, Erich Seifritz
OBJECTIVE: According to recent recommendations the Mini-ICF Rating for Limitations of Activities and Participation in Psychological Disorders (Mini-ICF-APP) should be used in the assessment of incapacity to work. However evidence from empirical research in the field is missing. METHODS: The application of the Mini-ICF-APP in the psychiatric assessment of 121 cases was analysed. RESULTS: A significant correlation between capacity to work and the duration of sick-leave with the Mini-ICF-APP sum-score was confirmed...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853045/-the-history-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-essay-about-a-long-development
#13
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein
The history of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria is very short - it was established first in 1975, finally it achieved the status of a seperate specialisation in 2007. In earlier years the name of this specialty was used under the guise of scientific interest for malpractice and child abuse or child murder during the times of the 2nd World War.But also, the development after 1945 showed how long abviant ideas could survive. During the last decade CAP showed a formidable development, quality and support of patient care improved significantly...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853042/-future-development-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria
#14
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein, Rainer Fliedl, Kathrin Sevecke, Andreas Karwautz
Anniversaries are turningpoints for reflexions of the past and planing for the future. In conclusion of all papers in this actual issue one can say tha CAP has reached a respected place in the medical landscape. Also internationally, the work of Austrian child and adolescent psychiatrist is recognised and respected. CAP is cooperating as an respected discipline with adjacent specialties as pediatrics and psychiatry as well as with external partners as Kinder- und Jugendhilfe (social child welfare).Anyway, the actual situation shows several deficits concerning patient care on all levels of the health system as well as in education and training of sufficient numbers of child and adolescent psychiatrists...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853032/-the-epidemiology-of-mental-disorders-in-youth-a%C3%A2-narrative-review-including-austrian-data
#15
Martin Fuchs, Andreas Karwautz
For decades, epidemiological studies have consistently and impressively demonstrated the frequency of mental illness in childhood and adolescence. Mental health disorders are among the most common causes of diminished quality of life among young people, sometimes casting long shadows into adulthood. This narrative review looks at this phenomenon using a selection of research findings dealing with overall prevalence figures, with the prevalence of individual disorders, and with the progression of mental illness from childhood and adolescence to adulthood...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853027/-ten-years-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria-a-new-medical-speciality-within-the-structures-of-public-health-services
#16
Charlotte Hartl, Andreas Karwautz
We discuss the comprehensive work for the development of child and adolescent psychiatry in Austria, summarize the current status of care in various settings and focus on further developments. Intramural care offers about 50% of the places needed and is heterogeneously distributed over the country, extramural care offers already around one quarter of care in need. We calculated a fully developed extramural care system from about 2033. Further development of the Austrian care system in child and adolescent psychiatry needs collaborative efforts of all responsible players...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853017/-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-a-panorama
#17
Franz Resch
The child- and adolescent psychiatry has emancipated itself 10 years ago from an additional specialist physician's area to a separate specialist medical domain with a specific curriculum. Associated with this is an irreconcilable interlacing with the psychotherapy of childhood and adolescence. Even if childhood and juvenile psychiatry is always settled within the framework of a biopsychosocial model, psychotherapy is of particular importance. In the following, the psychotherapeutic requirements and ethical issues of the human being are to be formulated according to a view on the new morbidity and the Zeitgeist in which we are working...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853003/-preventive-human-rights-monitoring-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-welfare-institutions
#18
Ernst Berger, Caroline Paar
Since 1 July 2012 the Austrian Ombudsman Board (AOB) together with its six regional expert commissions form the so called "National Prevention Mechanism" implementing the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The commissions are mandated to conduct regular, unrestricted and unannounced visits to all types of places in which there is or can be a deprivation or restriction of personal liberty, such as prisons, police stations, but also psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852998/editorial
#19
EDITORIAL
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein, Andreas Karwautz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#20
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
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