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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031522/letter-to-the-editor-posterior-spinal-instrumented-fusion-for-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-patients-with-multisystemic-neurodegenerative-disorder-a-report-of-two-cases
#1
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031521/letter-to-the-editor-wide-resection-versus-curettage-with-adjuvant-therapy-for-giant-cell-tumour-of-bone
#2
Abhijeet Ashok Salunke, Subodh Pathak, Tapan Singh Chauhan, Jaymin Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031520/acute-calcification-of-intervertebral-disc-and-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-in-a-7-year-old-girl-a-case-report
#3
Churk Hang Li, Tun Hing Lui, Wai Kit Ngai
A 7-year-old girl presented with a 2-day history of acute neck pain without any preceding injury. The pain was around the left posterior paraspinal muscle and was aggravated by neck movement. There was no neurological abnormality; white cell count and inflammatory markers were slightly elevated. Radiology of the cervical spine showed calcification of C3/4 and C4/5 discs as well as the posterior longitudinal ligament over C3/4. She was treated conservatively with a neck collar and Panadol syrup. No non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug was prescribed...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031519/remarkable-bone-formation-following-gefitinib-for-extensive-lytic-bone-metastasis-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Elrofai Suliman Bashir, Angel Khor Nee Kwan, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Kwan Mun Keong
Gefitinib inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and improves survival in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. We report 2 patients with extensive lytic bony metastasis in the spine and pelvis secondary to advanced pulmonary adenocarcinoma who were treated with gefitinib and had remarkable bone formation in the lytic bone lesions in the spine and pelvis. Surgery for stabilisation was avoided.
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031518/arthroscopic-fixation-with-endobutton-for-tibial-eminence-fractures-visualised-through-a-proximal-superomedial-portal-a-surgical-technique
#5
Hitoshi Sekiya, Kenzo Takatoku, Akinori Kimura, Yuji Kanaya, Takashi Fukushima, Katsushi Takeshita
Most tibial eminence fractures are avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) from its tibial insertion. This study describes a new arthroscopic technique using an additional proximal superomedial portal to visualise the tibial eminence fracture and to fix the fracture with the EndoButton to avoid the risk of fragment breakage. The proximal superomedial portal enables fracture reduction without damage to the intermeniscal ligament. Fixation with the EndoButton is strong enough to allow early rehabilitation with vigorous exercise...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031517/review-article-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-for-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Sanjay Meena, Shreesh Kumar Gangary, Pankaj Sharma
We reviewed 8 randomised controlled trials that compared operative and non-operative treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Patients with operative treatment were more likely to resume pre-injury work (relative risk [RR]=0.60, p=0.04), had fewer problems when wearing shoes (RR=0.42, p=0.0004), and had a higher physical component summary score of SF-36 (difference in means=6.75, p<0.0001) but a higher complication rate (RR=1.74, p=0.0005).
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031516/review-article-osteophytes
#7
Siu Him Janus Wong, Kwong Yuen Chiu, Chun Hoi Yan
An osteophyte is a fibrocartilage-capped bony outgrowth that is one of the features of osteoarthritis. This study reviewed the types, risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, and medical and surgical treatment of osteophytes. Extraspinal osteophytes are classified as marginal, central, periosteal, or capsular, whereas vertebral osteophytes are classified as traction or claw. Risk factors for development of osteophytes include age, body mass index, physical activity, and other genetic and environmental factors...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031515/percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-for-osteoid-osteoma-under-guidance-of-threedimensional-fluoroscopy
#8
Yavuz Arıkan, Umut Yavuz, Osman Lapcin, Sami Sökücü, Bilge Özkan, Yavuz Kabukçuoğlu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation under guidance of 3-dimensional fluoroscopy in 17 patients with osteoid osteoma. METHODS: Records of 11 male and 6 female consecutive patients aged 4 to 28 (mean, 13.8) years who underwent radiofrequency ablation under guidance of 3-dimensional fluoroscopy for osteoid osteoma and were followed up for a mean of 15.8 (range, 12-28) months were reviewed. All patients had been treated with analgesics but failed to achieve lasting pain relief...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031514/long-term-outcome-of-rockwood-capsular-shift-for-recurrent-shoulder-dislocation
#9
Luigi Murena, Nicola Guindani, Stefano Turino, Federico A Grassi, Paolo Cherubino
PURPOSE: To review the long-term outcome of Rockwood capsular shift for recurrent shoulder dislocation secondary to trauma. METHODS: Records of 30 males and 4 females who underwent Rockwood capsular shift for recurrent (≥2 episodes) anterior shoulder dislocation were reviewed. An additional Bankart repair with different techniques was performed in 24 of the patients by 2 different surgeons. The outcome was assessed using the Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) and the Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) index questionnaires, the modified Rowe score, and the Constant-Murley score...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031513/double-intertrochanteric-osteotomy-for-trochanteric-overgrowth-and-a-short-femoral-neck-in-adolescents
#10
Turgut Akgül, Cengiz Şen, Halil İbrahim Balci, Gökhan Polat
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of Wagner double intertrochanteric osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck in 7 adolescents. METHODS: Records of one male and 6 females aged 15 to 20 years who underwent modified Wagner osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck by a single senior surgeon were reviewed. The diagnoses were coxa vara (n=2), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n=3), Leg-Calve-Perthes (n=1), and proximal femoral focal deficiency (n=1)...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031512/z-plasty-for-severe-gluteal-muscle-contracture-in-children
#11
Kun Zha, Hui Guo Liu, Shuhua Yang, Faqi Cao
PURPOSE: To review the records of 363 patients with severe gluteal muscle contracture to determine its mechanism, underlying pathology, and treatment outcome. METHODS: Records of 136 males and 227 females aged 5 to 18 (mean, 12.2) years who underwent Z-plasty for bilateral (n=347) or unilateral (n=16) severe gluteal muscle contracture were reviewed. Severe gluteal muscle contracture was classified as typical (n=52) or special (n=311). The typical type is associated with symptoms of positive out-toe gait, Ober sign, back-extending test, cross-leg test, squatting with knee side-by-side test, and hip dysfunction...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031511/use-of-tranexamic-acid-in-dynamic-hip-screw-plate-fixation-for-trochanteric-fractures
#12
Ranjit Kumar Baruah, Pranab Jyoti Borah, Russel Haque
PURPOSE: To evaluate perioperative blood loss and blood transfusion requirement in patients who underwent dynamic hip screw plate fixation for a stable trochanteric fracture with or without preoperative intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA). METHODS: 49 men and 11 women (mean age, 56.5 years) who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with a dynamic hip screw plate for a stable trochanteric fracture by a single surgeon were equally randomised to receive either a single dose of intravenous TXA (15 mg/kg) 15 minutes prior to surgery or an equal volume of normal saline by slow infusion...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031510/use-of-a-magnetic-bone-nail-for-lengthening-of-the-femur-and-tibia
#13
Ozgur Karakoyun, Sami Sokucu, Mehmet Fatih Erol, Metin Kucukkaya, Yavuz Selim Kabukçuoğlu
PURPOSE: To report our experience with the PRECICE nail for limb lengthening in 23 patients. METHODS: Records of 15 female and 8 male patients aged 14 to 38 (mean, 23.6) years who underwent lengthening of the tibia (n=6) or femur (n=21) using the PRECICE nail were reviewed. The reasons for lengthening included trauma (n=7), hemihypertrophy (n=2), focal femoral deficiency (n=2), Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (n=1), hip septic arthritis sequelae (n=1), hereditary multiple exostosis (n=1), club foot sequela (n=1), congenital tibial pseudoarthrosis (n=1), fibrous dysplasia (n=1), idiopathic limb length discrepancy (n=7), and cosmetic (n=1)...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031509/cell-morphology-viability-osteocalcin-activity-and-alkaline-phosphatase-activity-in-milled-versus-unmilled-surface-of-the-femoral-head
#14
Kee Hyung Rhyu, Chang Hoon Cho, Kyung Sik Yoon, Young Soo Chun
PURPOSE: To evaluate cellular activity in milled versus unmilled surface of the femoral head in 21 patients who underwent robot-assisted total hip arthroplasty(THA). METHODS: The femoral head of 21 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted THA for osteonecrosis was used. 10 cc of trabecular bone from the entire milled surface was obtained using a curette. The same amount of trabecular bone was obtained at least 1 cm away from the milled surface and served as a matched control...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031508/effect-of-cable-cerclage-on-regional-blood-circulation-in-rabbits-a-scintigraphic-study
#15
Ozgur Karakoyun, Ertan Sahin, Mehmet Fatih Erol, Mesut Karıksız, Metin Küçükkaya
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in blood circulation of the femoral cortex in rabbits using scintigraphy before and after cable cerclage alone or combined with an intramedullary Kirschner wire. METHOD: Ten New Zealand rabbits were used. For the right femur, a 2-mm-thick cable was placed around the mid-diaphyseal region and squeezed with a 400-N force and locked with a clip. For the left femur, a 1.8-mm Kirschner wire was inserted retrogradely into the medullary canal, and a 2-mm-thick cable was applied using the same technique...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031507/combined-use-of-ibandronate-and-eldecalcitol-in-postmenopausal-japanese-women-with-osteoporosis
#16
Junichi Takada, Hiroshi Wada, Kousuke Iba, Kouichi Sasaki, Takayuki Dohke, Kumiko Kanaya, Takashi Yoshizaki, Toshihiko Yamashita
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of combined use of ibandronate and eldecalcitol for 6 to 12 months on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone strength of the proximal femur in postmenopausal Japanese women with osteoporosis. METHODS: BMD and bone strength of the proximal femur were evaluated in 78 postmenopausal women (mean age, 73.6 years) who underwent treatment for osteoporosis with combined use of ibandronate and eldecalcitol for at least 6 months. BMD was measured at the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and every 6 months thereafter...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031506/intramedullary-and-intra-osseous-arthrodesis-of-the-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#17
Efstathios Drampalos, Shen Hwa Vun, Irfan Fayyaz
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of arthrodesis of the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in 23 patients. METHODS: Records of 9 men and 14 women aged 27 to 88 (mean, 57) years who underwent arthrodesis of the hallux MTP joint using an intramedullary device and an intra-osseous device were reviewed. Indications for surgery were severe hallux valgus (n=15), hallux rigidus (n=6) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2). Outcome measures included visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux score, bone union, hallux valgus angle (HVA), dorsiflexion angle (DA), complications, revision, and patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031505/z-plasty-of-the-flexor-hallucis-longus-tendon-at-tarsal-tunnel-for-checkrein-deformity
#18
Jae Hoon Lee, Young Jun Kim, Jong Hun Baek, Dong Hee Kim
PURPOSES: To review the outcome of Z-plasty of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon at the tarsal tunnel for checkrein deformity in 8 patients. METHODS: Records of 6 males and 2 females aged 14 to 67 (mean, 39.5) years who underwent Z-plasty (lengthening) of the FHL tendon at the tarsal tunnel for checkrein deformity in the first and second toes by a single surgeon were reviewed. All patients had undergone 3 months of conservative treatment. The mean time from injury to surgical treatment was 8...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031504/comparison-of-early-outcome-of-weil-osteotomy-and-distal-metatarsal-mini-invasive-osteotomy-for-lesser-toe-metatarsalgia
#19
Nicholas Eng Meng Yeo, Bryan Loh, Jerry YongQiang Chen, Andy Khye Soon Yew, Sean Yc Ng
PURPOSE: To compare the 6-month outcome of Weil osteotomy with distal metatarsal mini-invasive osteotomy (DMMO) in 33 patients with lesser toe metatarsalgia. METHODS: Records of 33 patients who underwent Weil osteotomy (n=20, 41 toes) or DMMO (n=13, 22 toes) for lesser toe metatarsalgia by a single surgeon were reviewed. 25 of them had a concurrent procedure on the 1st toe. Outcome at 6 months was assessed using the visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) lesser toe metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal (MTP-IP) score, and the RAND-36 score...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031503/single-stage-posterior-instrumentation-for-progressive-tubercular-thoracic-and-thoracolumbar-kyphosis
#20
Kamrul Ahsan, Najmus Sakeb
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of single-stage posterior instrumentation for progressive tubercular thoracic and thoracolumbar kyphosis in 45 patients. METHODS: Records of 16 men and 29 women aged 20 to 59 (mean, 34.1) years who underwent single-stage posterior instrumentation for active thoracic (n=27) or thoracolumbar (n=18) tuberculosis by a single surgeon and were followed up for a minimum of 5 years were reviewed. Neurological status was evaluated using the Frankel grading system...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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