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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Patcharapa Thaweekul, Yuthadej Thaweekul, Karicha Mairiang
A 13-year-old, obese girl presented with acute abdominal pain with abdominal distension for a year. The physical examination revealed marked abdominal distension with a large well-circumscribed mass sized 13×20 cm. Her body mass index (BMI) was 37.8 kg/m2. An abdominal CT scan revealed a huge multiloculated cystic mass and a left adnexal mass. She had an abnormal fasting plasma glucose and low HDL-C. Laparotomy, right salpingooophorectomy, left cystectomy, lymph node biopsies and partial omentectomy were performed...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Guo-Yu Zhou, Li-Jun Ren, Jia-Xiang Hou, Liu-Xin Cui, Zhong Ding, Xue-Min Cheng, Jing-Yuan Zhu, Rui-Rui Cui, Yue Ba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of fluoride exposure and ERα gene polymorphisms on reproductive hormone concentrations of women in accordance with endemic fluorosis residence. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study was conducted in Tongxu county, Henan Province, China. A total of 679 women were recruited using cluster sampling and each subject provided fasting blood and an associated urine sample. We measured the concentrations of serum gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and estradiol and urinary fluoride...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hisako Tanaka, Shino Imai, Makiko Nakade, Eri Imai, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Survey items of the Japan National Nutrition Survey (J-NNS) have changed over time. Several papers on dietary surveys have been published; however, to date, there are no in-depth papers regarding physical examinations. Therefore, we investigated changes in the survey items in the physical examinations performed in the J-NNS and the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS), with the aim of incorporating useful data for future policy decisions. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We summarized the description of physical examinations and marshalled the changes of survey items from the J-NNS and NHNS from 1946 to 2012...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Catherine J Bacon, Ngaire Kerse, Karen J Hayman, Simon A Moyes, Ruth O Teh, Mere Kepa, Avinesh Pillai, Lorna Dyall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study assessed vitamin D status and its determinants in a cohort of octogenarians living within New Zealand's Bay of Plenty and Lakes Districts. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration was measured in 209 Māori (aged 80-90 years) and 357 non-Māori (85 years), along with demographic, lifestyle, supplement use and other health data. RESULTS: Mean [95% CI] 25(OH)D concentration was 69 [67 to 72] nmol/L, with 15% >100 nmol/L and 6 individuals >150 nmol/L...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hyungjin Cho, So Mi Kim, Seong Su Jeong, Soon Bae Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Excessive oral salt intake can induce hypertension. According to previous studies, the prevalence of hypertension is higher in Myanmar than in Korea. We postulated that Myanmar adults had higher salt taste thresholds and eat much saltier food. This study aimed to compare salt taste thresholds and salt usage behaviour scores between adults in Myanmar and Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled patients who visited volunteer medical service clinics at Ansung in Korea and Hlegu and Bago in Myanmar in August 2014...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Zhong-Hua Liu, Zi-Hui Tang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Ling Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between salty food preference and osteoporosis (OP) in general Chinese men. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a largescale, community-based, cross-sectional study to estimate the associations by using self-report questionnaire to evaluate the salty food preference. The total of 1,092 men was available to data analysis in this study. Multiple regression models controlling for confounding factors to include salty food preference variables were employed to explore the relationships for OP...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Quynh Th Pham, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food marketing has been identified as a target for intervention in the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity within countries and globally, and promotion of healthy diets has been classified as a key strategy to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases and health inequalities. The present study aims to investigate how Vietnamese middle-class household food providers are impacted by food advertising communications, their views of food marketing and the ways they think the government can control food marketing to assist people to consume healthier diets...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Anri Fujimori, Tomomi Yamashita, Masaru Kubota, Hiromi Saito, Nobue Takamatsu, Mitsuhiko Nambu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although food hypersensitivity is a public health concern, its documentation among the elderly is limited. The current study aims to compare the prevalence and characteristics of food hypersensitivity among adolescent women between aged 18-24 with among older women >50 years of age. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 660 female university students between the ages of 18 and 24 who volunteered were enrolled as adolescent subjects. 470 women >50 years old who visited the Health Care Centre of Kyoto Katsura Hospital for health check-ups were enrolled as the older subjects...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ping Hu, Ling-Li Han, Feng-Gang Hou, Xiang-Long Xu, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sudden occurrence of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake not only devastated people's health, but also may have impacted on the psychological and dietary attitudes and behaviours of the survivors. Although the influence of natural disaster on people's health has been extensively investigated, there is a lack of information about the effects on people's dietary attitudes and behaviours. Our aim was to evaluate the influence of the Wenchuan earthquake on the dietary attitudes and behaviours of adult women from different zones of China in July 2008...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ren-Nan Feng, Shan-Shan Du, Yang Chen, Zhen Li, Ying-Feng Zhang, Chang-Hao Sun, Yong-Shuai Jiang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: National dietary surveys are needed and difficult to conduct in China. The current study aims to develop and validate an internet-based diet questionnaire for Chinese (IDQC) to assess intakes in Northern China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 292 city residents by email and telephone in Harbin to obtain the IDQC and 3-day diet diaries. The food group and nutrient intakes from the IDQC were validated against those from the 3-day diet diaries...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carmen Piernas, Dantong Wang, Shufa Du, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Chang Su, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: China's nutrition transition is characterized by dramatic increases in overweight and cardiometabolic (CM) risk. The burden of obesity, CM risk factors and dietary intake among Chinese children were explored. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children 7-12 y old from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey with available dietary intake data, anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood samples were included (n=663). CM risk prevalence was calculated; logistic regression was used to investigate the association of nutrient intakes with CM risk, adjusting for age, gender, physical activity, area of residence and income...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shi-An Yin, Zhen-Yu Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding human milk composition is critical for setting nutrient recommended intakes (RNIs) for both infants and lactating women. However, nationwide human milk composition remains unavailable in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Through cross-sectional study, human milk samples from 11 provinces in China were collected and their compositions were analyzed. Nutritional and health status of the lactating women and their infants were evaluated through questionnaire, physical examination and biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tippawan Pongcharoen, Sueppong Gowachirapant, Purisa Wecharak, Natnaree Sangket, Pattanee Winichagoon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been reported to be associated with pregnancy outcomes. Due to the nutrition transition in Thailand, the double burden of malnutrition is increasing and this may have negative consequences on birth outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG with the risks of low birth weight and macrosomia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We performed a secondary analysis of data obtained from an iodine supplementation trial in mildly iodine-deficient Thai pregnant women...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Min Yang, Jie Lin, Xiaoguang Ma, Chaonan Zhu, Chen Wei, Lu Wang, Jingjing Jiao, Shankuan Zhu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of regional body fat distribution with metabolic risk factors among Chinese. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Truncal fat (TF) and leg fat (LF) were measured by dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) among 947 adults, and abdominal visceral fat (VAT) and subcutaneous fat (SAT), upper leg SAT were measured by magnetic resonance image (MRI) among 103 adults during 2008-2013. Metabolic risk factors included fasting blood glucose, total triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Liuxia Yan, Xiaolei Guo, Huicheng Wang, Jiyu Zhang, Junli Tang, Zilong Lu, Xiaoning Cai, Longjian Liu, Edward J Gracely, Jixiang Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Albuminuria is a risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease. However, little is known about the association of 24 h urinary sodium and potassium excretion with albuminuria in China. The aim of this study was to examine this association by analyzing the data from 1,975 Chinese adults living in north China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Excretion of urinary sodium, potassium and albumin was assessed in a single 24-h urine sample for each participant...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ai-Ping Fang, Ke-Ji Li, Hao-Yu Shi, Jing-Jing He, He Li
To investigate the metabolic differences of calcium requirements between Chinese and Westerners, we examined systematically the characteristics of calcium metabolism in Chinese adults with habitual dietary calcium intakes. We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, and National Index to Chinese Newspapers & Periodicals, from inception to March 17, 2015, as well as the bibliographies of any relevant papers and journals, for trials assessing calcium metabolism in healthy Chinese adults within 18-60 years of age on the typical Chinese diet...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Myueng Guen Oh, Mi Ah Han, Man Woo Kim, Chan Guk Park, Young Dae Kim, Jun Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The favourable effects of coffee on liver enzymes have been reported worldwide. This study investigated the association between coffee consumption and serum aminotransferase concentration in Korean adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentration were defined as >30 IU/L for men and >19 IU/L for women...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Li-Ping Wu, Xiao-Fei Hu, Hui-Ping Wan, Yan-Min Yu, Jian-Hua Yu, Guo-Qiang Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of cod skin peptide (CSPE) on chemotherapy-induced toxicity in gastric cancer patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cohort of 60 gastric cancer patients for chemotherapy was randomly divided into two groups (n=30 per group), who were orally treated with either supplemental CSPE or placebo apart from chemotherapy. The hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities experienced by the patients, as well as their Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) as an index of quality of life was evaluated...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hadil S Subih, Janaye Behrens, Brooke Burt, Louise Clement, Rita Pannell, Laura Macha, Julian Spallholz, Mallory Boylan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Seventy six hemodialysis (HD) patients were used in a prospective randomized and clinical trial to determine if a multivitamin with vitamin D (cholecalciferol 12,000 IU/week) given during dialysis would improve the vitamin D status of hemodialysis subjects. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: 37 subjects were in the renal multivitamin without vitamin D (MV) group and 39 subjects were in a multivitamin route with vitamin D (MVD) group (12,000 IU of cholecalciferol per week)...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mei Dou, Yan Ma, Ai Guo Ma, Lei Han, Mi Mi Song, Yan Gang Wang, Min Xiu Yao, Xiao Fang Sun, Ying Li, Shan Gao, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Peroral supplementation with trivalent-chromium (Cr) or magnesium (Mg) has been shown to improve insulin resistance (IR). The objective of this study was to determine whether combined peroral supplementation with Cr and Mg improves IR more effectively than Cr or Mg alone. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects (n=120, age range 45-59 years old) and diagnosed with IR were randomly divided into four groups and monitored for a period of 3 months: group 1 (the placebo control group), group 2 (160 μg/d Cr), group 3 (200 mg/d Mg), and group 4 (160 μg/d Cr plus 200 mg/d Mg)...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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