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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Yoko Saino, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Takako Hao, Kenji Mimatsu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severe infection, inadequate food intake, and pressure ulcers in patients with type 2 diabetes can result in malnutrition. We describe a case in which rehabilitation nutrition was effective for treat-ing a pressure ulcer in a malnourished patient with type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 58-year-old man with type 2 diabetes was diagnosed with hidradenitis suppurativa on the left buttock and thigh and a severe pres-sure ulcer on his left kneecap...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yu Xin, Lihua Wu, Xiaolin Lu, Shaofang Shangguan, Zhen Wang, Shaoyan Chang, Jiyong Yin, Wei Piao, Ting Zhang, Li Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) irreversibly converts 5,10- methylenetetrahydrofolate to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, which is the main form of folate used in the body. Previous studies suggest that MTHFR polymorphism influences folate metabolism, but conflicting results are reported. We performed a meta-analysis to accurately characterize the association between MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and peripheral blood folate concentration in healthy populations...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fang-Ying Lek, Hing-Huat Ong, Yee-How Say
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association of DRD2 Taq1A, Taq1B and Taq1D gene polymorphisms with eating behavior, the preference/intake frequency/craving of high-fat foods and obesity in 394 Malaysian adults (161 males, 233 females; 308 Chinese, 86 Indians; 67 obese, 327 non-obese). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eating behaviors namely Cognitive Restraint, Uncontrolled Eating and Emotional Eating scores were assessed by the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chung Thanh Nguyen, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Vuong Van Do, Nghia Duy Ngu, Binh Quang Tran, Colin Binns
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between tea consumption and type 2 diabetes risk remains inconsistent in Asian populations. This case-control study investigated the association between habitual tea consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes among Vietnamese adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted during 2013-2015 in Vietnam. A total of 599 newly diagnosed diabetic cases (aged 40-65 years) and 599 hospital-based controls, frequency matched by age and sex, were recruited...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hadia Radwan, Hayder A Hasan, Lina Najm, Sara Zaurub, Faridah Jami, Fahimeh Javadi, Lina Adeeb Deeb, Amani Iskandarani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Eating disorders (ED) can be influenced by psychological and socio-cultural factors. The aim of this study was to explore the association between parental and media influences and body image concerns as factors in the onset of ED. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 662 students (407 women and 255 men) attending one of three universities in United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study employed an online self-administered questionnaire with validated scales: Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Media Influences Scale, and Family Influences Scale (FIS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Cheng-Lun Li, Ho-Jui Tung, Ming-Chin Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status is not only associated with older individuals' physical health but also has an impact on their cognitive functioning. Evidence indicates that a socially integrated lifestyle in the later stages of life protects against cognitive decline and dementia. This study tested the combined effect of two hazards, the risk of malnutrition and eating meals alone, on the cognitive changes among a representative sample of older Taiwanese individuals over an 8-year period...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Claudia Leong Shu-Fen, Ciarán G Forde, Siew Ling Tey, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Taste perception plays a key role in consumer acceptance and food choice, which has an important impact on human health. Our aim was to examine the relationship between recognition thresholds for five basic tastes (sweet, salty, sour, bitter, and umami) in Chinese and Indians in relation to their dietary intake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included 114 subjects (60 Chinese, 54 Indians). Taste thresholds were determined using a forced choice method and dietary intakes were assessed using an estimated three-day food diary...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kyungdo Han, NamRyang Kim, Youngkyung Ko, Yong-Gyu Park, Jun-Beom Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between urinary sodium, urinary sodium/creatinine, and urinary sodium/urine specific gravity and oral health behavior using nationally representative data. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used; the sample analyzed in this study consisted a total of 15,013 respondents over 19 years old who had no missing values for the urinalysis or outcome variables...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xianglong Xu, Bing Li, Ruixue Bai, Yunshuang Rao, Lingli Liu, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women are a dominant force in the family's diet and nutrition in China. The shortterm effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake were found. However, the long-term effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the food safety, energy, and intake frequency of women remain unclear. This study analyzed the effects of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake on the dietary behaviors of women one year after the earthquake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 207 women were selected using the proportional sampling method...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Feng-Yi He, Chao-Gang Chen, Diao-Zhu Lin, Feng Li, Xiu-Hong Lin, Zhi-Min Yuan, Li Yan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have obtained conflicting findings regarding the possible associations between glycemic load (GL) indices and diabetes. In the present study, we examined cross-sectional associations between several GL indices, including the total dietary GL, the energy-adjusted GL, and the prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism, including prediabetes and diabetes. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study was conducted in Guangzhou, China from July 2011 to December 2011...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Joko Wahyuwibowo, Stefani Harumsari, Siti Thomas Zulaikha, Ari Suwondo, Muchlis Achsan Udji Sofro, Suharyo Hadisaputro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anaemia in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is multifactorial and an increasingly important variable to consider in the management. This is the first study of anaemia in HIV infection in the Javanese population, which constitutes the largest ethnic group in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to determine the factors which are associated with anaemia in Javanese patients with HIV infection. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study applied a cross-sectional design involving HIV patients in Dr Kariadi Hospital and Balai Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat (BKPM), Semarang, Indonesia...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hyun Seung Choi, Jung Hyun Chang, Jeong Hong Kim, Ju Wan Kang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High sodium intake is a well-known risk factor for diseases such as cardiovascular and renal disease. There may also be links between sodium intake and inner ear symptoms. However, the available data are limited, and clinicians remain suspicious about sodium intake and hearing threshold. We analyzed the relationship between spot urine sodium concentration and sensorineural hearing loss in Korean adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 534 subjects, aged 12-19 years old, were enrolled in this study...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hitomi Suga, Keiko Asakura, Satoshi Sasaki, Masanori Nojima, Hitomi Okubo, Naoko Hirota, Akiko Notsu, Mitsuru Fukui, Chigusa Date
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite growing interest in the association between dietary amino acid intake and optimal health, validated dietary questionnaires that can estimate amino acid intake have been scarce. We examined the validity of amino acid intakes estimated using a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) comparing with 16-day semi-weighed dietary records (DR). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 184 Japanese men and women completed a four-day DR and a DHQ four times, once in each season...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sudeep Shrestha, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Raman Shrestha, Rolf Dw Klemm, Bareng As Nonyane, Ramesh K Adhikari, Patrick Webb, Keith P West
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Preschool undernutrition remains a burden in Nepal. This paper reports results of surveys in 2013 and 2014, examining patterns of child nutritional status across the country, associations with household food insecurity and antecedent comparative national data for subsequent evaluations of nutritional status following the earthquake in Nepal in 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-stage sample was drawn comprising 21 sites in 75 districts of the country, representing the mountains, hills and Terai zones, providing proportionate to zonal samples of 4286 and 4947 households and 5401 and 5474 preschool children in each year, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Junya Zhai, Hongmei Xue, Jiao Luo, Lishi Zhang, Guo Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Income inequality in China has risen steadily over the past decades. This study explored the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight among urban children aged 7-12 years in Chengdu, a comparatively prosperous metropolis city located in "the West China", the backward, less developed region of China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 among urban children aged 7-12 years old in Chengdu city...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Reiko Tajirika-Shirai, Hidemi Takimoto, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Hitoshi Kaneko, Toshiro Kubota, Naoyuki Miyasaka
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: An increased prevalence of low maternal weight and insufficient pregnancy weight gain may be responsible for an increase in low birthweight infants in Japan. We aimed to examine the effects of individualised dietary education at medical check-ups on maternal/fetal outcomes in Japanese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred and six underweight and normal weight singleton pregnant women, who attended check-ups at an obstetric facility until ≥30 weeks gestation and delivered at 36-41 weeks gestation, were selected for analyses...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Leping Fan, Yue Zhang, Jie Zhu, Yixuan Song, Jingna Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of vitamin D deficiency with type 2 diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 287 type 2 diabetic patients were categorized in two ways, and each divided into two groups: DPN (n=164) and non-DPN (NDPN) groups (n=123); and DN (n=148) and non-DN (NDN) groups (n=139). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D3] level...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Janatin Hastuti, Masaharu Kagawa, Nuala M Byrne, Andrew P Hills
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anthropometric equations are widely used to estimate body composition however, are only appropriate for use in populations in which they have been developed and validated. The present study developed anthropometric prediction equations for Indonesian adults and cross-validated them with selected equations used in this population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred Indonesian adults aged between 18- 65 years (292 males and 308 females) were divided equally into development and validation groups...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Majid Hajifaraji, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Fatemeh Abbasalizadeh, Nasser Aghamohammadzadeh, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi, Neda Dolatkhah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Very little is known about the use of probiotics among pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) especially its effect on oxidative stress and inflammatory indices. The aim of present study was to measure the effect of a probiotic supplement capsule on inflammation and oxidative stress biomarkers in women with newly-diagnosed GDM. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 64 pregnant women with GDM were enrolled in a double-blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial in the spring and summer of 2014...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Guiju Sun, Hui Xia, Yuexin Yang, Shushu Ma, Haiteng Zhou, Guofang Shu, Shaokang Wang, Xian Yang, Huali Tang, Fengling Wang, Yaqiong He, Rong Ding, Hong Yin, Yanyan Wang, Yang Yang, Hangju Zhu, Ligang Yang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As the most widely produced edible vegetable oil, palm oil is known as to contain a high level of saturated fatty acid, which was thought to adversely affect serum lipid profiles. However, recent studies have shown no influence or benefits of palm oil on serum lipids. The potential nutritional value of palm oil is attributed to the high mono-unsaturation at the crucial sn2-position of the oil's triacylglycerols, as with the so-called 'healthy' olive oil (OO)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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