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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Sophie Antoine-Jonville, Cecile Faure, Olivier Hue, Stephane Henri
The objective is to present the case of a 21-yr-old athlete observed with non-physiological immediate postprandial insulin response (1162 pmol/l; normal glucose excursion: 6.6 mmol/l), in a warm environment. No suspicion or evidence of any underlying pathology was found in this well-trained Afro-Caribbean male runner. He never reported any hypoglycemic episode. When performing the same protocol performed in a cooler environment (21.0°C vs 30.3°C), only physiological responses were observed. We conclude that 1) youth, leanness and regular exercise training are not absolutely protective against glucose metabolism impairment in apparently healthy subjects; 2) ambient temperature should be regarded as a potential source of glucose metabolism impairment...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Claudia Shu-Fen Leong, Ciarán G Forde, Siew Ling Tey, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Taste perception plays a key role in consumer acceptance and food choice, which has an important impact on human health. Our aim was to examine the relationship between taste intensities and preferences of sweet (sucrose), salty (sodium chloride and potassium chloride), sour (citric acid), and bitter (quinine and phenylthiocarbamide) in relation to dietary intake and dietary patterns in people of Chinese ancestry. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included 100 adult Singaporean Chinese (50 women)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sooyoun Kwon, Yoonjae Yeoh, Satoko Abe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the nutritional quality and patterns of lunch menus provided by child care centers in South Korea and Japan. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The weekly lunch menus from Monday to Saturday that child care centers provided in November 2014 in South Korea and Japan were analyzed. For Korea, a total of 72 meals provided by 12 centers in Seoul were analyzed by referring to the homepage of the Center for Children's Foodservice Management, which serviced menus for child care centers...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Louisa Ming Yan Chung, Shirley Siu Ming Fong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The integration of nutrition knowledge into nutritional behaviour can help children to develop a healthy lifestyle that may be carried forward into adulthood. E-learning enables students to take ownership of recording their dietary intake and modify their diets by making their own decisions regarding food choices and portion sizes through reflective feedback. This study investigated the role of behavioural feedback in nutrition education in modifying students' nutrition knowledge and behaviour...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ryusuke Takechi, Helman Alfonso, Amy Harrison, Naoko Hiramatsu, Akari Ishisaka, Akira Tanaka, La'Belle Tan, Andy H Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the demonstrated protective effects of green tea and coffee intake against several chronic diseases, finding between studies have not been consistent. One potential reason of this discrepancy is the imprecision in the measurement of tea or coffee consumption using food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and food record (FR) in epidemiological studies. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In a sample of 57 healthy Japanese women, intake of green tea and coffee was estimated by a validated FFQ and a 3-day FR, while their plasma and urine concentrations of polyphenol biomarkers were measured by HPLC...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xiaoyue Xu, Julie E Byles, Zumin Shi, John J Hall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With rapid population ageing and an increasing rate of hypertension in China, this study aims to examine the association between dietary patterns, dietary lead and hypertension among older Chinese population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We analysed the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey data (2,634 individuals with dietary and hypertension measurement data, aged ≥60 years). Dietary data were obtained using 24 hour-recall over three consecutive days...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Information on a whole array of characteristics associated with dietary misreporting in a representative sample in each country is still limited. Using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, we investigated the prevalence and characteristics of under- and over-reporting of energy intake among 19,986 Japanese adults aged >=20 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Each individual's energy intake was calculated based on a 1-day semi-weighed dietary record...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ae Wha Ha, Woo Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In addition to the intake ratio of omega 6 (n-6) to omega 3 (n-3) fatty acids, their intake amount has an effect on health. This study evaluated the n-6:n-3 intake ratio as well as the food sources and association of these fatty acids with demographic characteristics based on sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study included 13,937 participants from the survey. The weighted mean intake and major food groups of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids were determined...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
E Siong Tee, Abdul Razak Nurliyana, A Karim Norimah, Hamid Jan B Jan Mohamed, Sue Yee Tan, Mahenderan Appukutty, Sinead Hopkins, Frank Thielecke, Moi Kim Ong, Celia Ning, Mohd Taib Mohd Nasir
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the relationship between breakfast consumption and body weight status among primary and secondary school children in Malaysia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This nationwide cross-sectional study involved 5,332 primary school children aged 6 to 12 years and 3,000 secondary school children aged 13 to 17 years. Height and weight were measured and BMI-for-age was determined. Socio-demographic backgrounds, breakfast habits and physical activity levels were assessed using questionnaires...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Devanesan Jacinth Nithya, Ramanathapuram Vaidyanathan Bhavani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity plays a critical role in infants as they need energy and nutrient dense foods for both physical and mental development. This study examines whether three dietary diversity indices validate against Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR) and studies the relationship of dietary diversity with nutritional status of preschool children, in two districts of India: Wardha district in Maharashtra state and Koraput district in Odisha state...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Zumin Shi, Maria Makrides, Shao Jia Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary patterns have been linked to the risk of obesity in adults but little is known about such a link in young children. To examine the association between dietary patterns, nutrient intake and obesity in a representative population of preschool children in Australia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed using a 3-day weighed food diary. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Children were classified as overweight or obesity if their BMI z-score was between the 85th-95th percentiles or was above the 95th percentile, respectively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hoang Thi Duc Ngan, Le Danh Tuyen, Pham Van Phu, Smita Nambiar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a rising health concern in Vietnam, however, research in this area is not extensive. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, and to study associations between weight status and selected lifestyle factors, such as diet and physical activity levels, among children aged 6-10 years in Hai Phong City, Vietnam. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred and seventy-six children from an urban and a rural primary school participated in this cross-sectional study...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wei Wang, Yu Sun, Meng Zhang, Yixin Zhang, Wen Chen, Long Tan, Jun Shen, Zhuo Zhao, Shuhai Lan, Wanqi Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the iodine status of breast milk and breast-fed infants during the first 12 weeks postpartum in Tianjin, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 175 pregnant women were recruited before delivery. Their breastmilk and 24-h urine samples were collected at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postpartum; spot urine samples were simultaneously collected from their infants. The iodine content of the samples was measured. RESULTS: The mean breast milk iodine concentrations (BMICs) at 4, 8, and 12 weeks were 221...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yusrawati, Gustuti Rina, Lipoeto Nur Indrawati, Rizanda Machmud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal iron deficiency in late pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period has an indirect impact to decrease neurotrophin concentration in the fetal hippocampus, namely brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). It plays an important role in the development of learning, memory, and behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in BDNF between neonates born to mothers with normal and low ferritin. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional design involving 20 term pregnant women with normal ferritin (>=12 ng/mL) and 20 term pregnant women with low ferritin (<12 ng/mL)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Li Wu, Lei Han, Ying Zhan, Lianhua Cui, Wei'ai Chen, Li Ma, Jing Lv, Rongfang Pan, Didi Zhao, Ziyi Xiao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Chinese pregnant women and identified risk factors for GDM after the implementation of the universal two-child policy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: On the basis of income and population, we randomly selected three hospitals through stratified and cluster sampling. From January 1 to July 31, 2016, 4959 women who had been registered within 12 weeks of gestation received a 75-g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 24-28 gestational weeks...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xiuhong Lin, Chaogang Chen, Diaozhu Lin, Mingtong Xu, Zhimin Yuan, Fengyi He, Li Yan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Large-scale epidemiological investigations worldwide have shown that dietary glycemic load is associated with metabolic diseases, including diabetes. However, only a few studies have examined the correlations between glycemic load and blood glucose and lipids in Chinese diabetic patients. Therefore, this study aimed to determine these correlations in southeastern China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 201 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and 126 participants with normal blood glucose were enrolled at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Guangdong Province...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hsin-Fang Chung, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Abdullah Al Mamun, Kurt Z Long, Ya-Fang Huang, Shyi-Jang Shin, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Meng-Chuan Huang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Western dietary patterns have been linked with kidney disease. This study investigated the association between Chinese dietary patterns and kidney disease in a Taiwanese population with type 2 diabetes and evaluated dietary fatty acid patterns, a kidney-related dietary biomarker. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 838 patients with type 2 diabetes and used their dietary and renal data obtained from three repeated measures in 2008, 2009 and 2010...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chie Taguchi, Yoshimi Kishimoto, Norie Suzuki-Sugihara, Emi Saita, Mika Usuda, Wei Wang, Yasunobu Masuda, Kazuo Kondo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Eggs, an important source of high-quality protein, contain a variety of key nutrients and antioxidants. Here we conducted an intervention study to evaluate whether the additional consumption of one egg per day would affect the daily nutritional intakes and blood antioxidant status in Japanese woman university students. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For 4 weeks, the 14 subjects were provided a nutritious breakfast including one boiled egg, and they were asked to keep a daily dietary record...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Marlena C Kruger, Catherine Middlemiss, Shinichi Katsumata, Yuko Tousen, Yoshiko Ishimi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Isoflavone (daidzein and genistein) interventions in postmenopausal women have produced inconsistent skeletal benefits, partly due to population heterogeneity in daidzein metabolism to equol by enteric bacteria. This study assessed changes in microflora and bone turnover in response to isoflavone and ki-wifruit supplementation in New Zealand postmenopausal women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Healthy women 1-10 years post-menopause were randomly allocated to group A (n=16) or B (n=17) for a 16-week crossover trial...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nafiseh Sokri Mashhadi, Mehrnoosh Zakerkish, Javad Mohammadiasl, Mehdi Zarei, Majid Mohammadshahi, Mohammad Hossein Haghighizadeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This randomized, placebo-controlled trial was performed for 8 weeks to investigate the potential effects of astaxanthin (AST) supplementation on the adiponectin concentration, lipid peroxidation, glycemic control, insulin sensitivity, and anthropometric indices in participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 44 participants with type 2 diabetes who met our inclusion criteria. Eight milligrams of AST supplementation or a placebo were randomly administered once daily for 8 weeks to these participants...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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