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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Simone Pettigrew, Michelle I Jongenelis, Nicole Biagioni, Iain S Pratt, Sarah Moore
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess persistence of improvements in nutrition-related attitudes and behaviours 2-4 years after attending an adult nutrition education program (FOODcents). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A link to an online survey was sent to 407 past FOODcents participants. The survey replicated items included in previous FOODcents evaluation surveys. In total, 87 responses were received (response rate 21%). Analyses were conducted on matched responses across 3 time points: pre, post, and follow-up...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hee-Sook Lim, Tae-Hee Kim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park, Bo-Ra Lee, Yoo-Jin Park, Yeon-Suk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Menstrual irregularities in adolescents are a concern because they are considered a subjective indicator of poor physical and reproductive health. Menstrual regularity is associated with many genetic and mental health factors, and lifestyle changes can markedly influence an individual's level of menstrual regularity. Therefore, we investigated associations between lifestyle factors and menstrual irregularities in Korean adolescents by analysing data collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2009 to 2013...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Thiribura Sundra Sumathi Suppiah, Thavin Kumar Mathana Sundram, Eugenie Sin Sing Tan, Chew Kek Lee, Normina Ahmad Bustami, Chung Keat Tan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition among adolescents and young adults. Its relationship with the dietary intake is highly debatable and equivocal. This study aimed to identify the association between acne vulgaris and dietary intake among Malaysians. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted involving 57 acne vulgaris patients and 57 age-, gender- and ethnicity-matched controls. All participants were aged 14 and above...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jeong-Hyeon Kim, Yong Soon Park, Hyoeun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted this cross-sectional study to identify the association between coffee consumption and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Korean population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects aged 30-79 years in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2010 and 2011 were included (n=8,246). The self-reported frequency of coffee consumption was classified as non-drinker, <1, 1, 2, and >=3 cups/day...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Emiko Okada, Kunihiko Takahashi, Hidemi Takimoto, Saeka Takabayashi, Tomoko Kishi, Tohru Kobayashi, Koshi Nakamura, Shigekazu Ukawa, Mieko Nakamura, Satoshi Sasaki, Akiko Tamakoshi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have analyzed dietary patterns to assess overall dietary habits, but there have been no studies of dietary patterns among the contemporary Japanese population nationwide. The objective of this study was to identify dietary patterns based on consumption of food items among Japanese adults, and to examine whether these dietary patterns were associated with nutrient intake, demographic characteristics, and lifestyle factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study population included 25,754 Japanese adults aged 20 years and older registered in the nationwide National Health and Nutrition Survey database in 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Alice Yunzi L Yu, Nancy López-Olmedo, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal trends in dietary energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein, sodium and potassium intake of Chinese adolescents aged 12 - 17 years by sex and urbanicity, using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Individual level, consecutive 3 - day 24-hour recalls were analyzed from survey years 1991 (n=504), 2000 (n=665), and 2011 (n=267) from nine provinces representing a range of geography, economic development, and health indicators in China...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tao Li, Jacques G Bindels, Shuaiming Zhang, Zangwen Tan, Ni Jia, Aihua Liu, Zonghan Zhu, Yaohua Dai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the dietary patterns and nutritional status of young children living in urban environments in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 750 children aged 6 - 35 months living in 5 large cities in China. The survey methodology included a physical exami-nation, blood hemoglobin measurements and a 24 hour dietary recall questionnaire Results: The educational lev-el of participant mothers was high (79% had attended college or university or higher), which may not be fully representative across all areas of urban China...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Marieke Vossenaar, Ilse van Beusekom, Jeniece Alvey, Colleen M Doak, Noel W Solomons
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The failure of infants in developing countries to meet nutrient intake recommendations is well documented. The objective of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy and identify problem nutrients of the diets of Guatemalan infants with continued breastfeeding. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A single previous-day dietary recall was collected from a convenience sample of 94 mothers of infants aged 6-11 mo attending a public health clinic in the urban area of Quetzaltenango, Guatemala...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rose Babu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Tinku Thomas, Sucharita Sambashivaiah, Anura V Kurpad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indians are more prone to develop diabetes at a younger age, with normal BMI, and this might partly be due to their higher body fat content. Increase in fat mass in the body might be because of the reduction in fat oxidizing capability. Given the fact that Indians consume high carbohydrate diets, effective fat oxidation is likely to be delayed. Simple preventive weight loss strategies like exercise or change in diet regimen are needed to reduce their body fat...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hai-Tao Yu, Xiao-Yi Fu, Bin Xu, Li-Li Zuo, Hong-Bo Ma, Shu-Ran Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is linked to metabolic diseases characterized by insulin resistance, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the metabolic disorders of uncomplicated obesity to identify early alterations in biological systems. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Metabolic differences between overweight/obese (n=36) and normal-weight (n=35) young Chinese men without known metabolic disorders were assessed. Metabolic profiling of the serum and urine was performed using ultra-performance liquidchromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hiroyuki Tominaga, Manei Oku, Yoshiya Arishima, Toru Ikeda, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Satoshi Nagano, Masato Minami, Akio Ido, Setsuro Komiya, Takao Setoguchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis patients are at risk for bone loss and sarcopenia, characterized by reduced muscle mass and limited mobility/function. Osteoporosis and sarcopenia both increase the risk of hospitalization and death in affected individuals. Malnutrition also occurs as a complication of hemodialysis and has been identified as a risk factor for osteoporosis and sarcopenia. In this study, we examined the relationship between osteoporosis, muscle volume, walking ability, and malnutrition in hemodialysis patients...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the association between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease risk factors among Japanese adults based on nationally representative data. This study aimed to explore the association between dietary patterns and hypertension or blood lipid profiles among Japanese people. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: De-identified Japan National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) 2012 data with a total of 8721 subjects (3524 men and 5197 women) aged 40-74 years were used...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xinyin Xu, Xianping Wu, Ying Deng, Kui Ji, Yichong Li, Xiaohua Liang, Xiaofang Chen, Jing Zeng, Zhuo Wang, Guanghui Yi, Jinyao Chen, Lishi Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the updated prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adults in West China and the influence of diet and behaviour on metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 2013-2014, and multi-stage stratified clustering sampling was applied in 12 counties of Sichuan province. Data regarding metabolic syndrome and style risk factors were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires, and physical measurements were recorded following a standardized protocol...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Leila Javadi, Manouchehr Khoshbaten, Abdolrasoul Safaiyan, Mostafa Ghavami, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi, Bahram Pourghassem Gargari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is related to inflammation and oxidative stress. Probiotics and prebiotics are considered anti-inflammatory and antioxidative factors. In this study, we evaluated the effects of probiotic and/or prebiotic on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in patients with NAFLD. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five NAFLD subjects were divided into four groups. The first group received a pro-biotic capsule of Bifidobacterium longum (B...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Szu-Yun Wu, Li-Lin Hsu, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Tsung-Jen Hsieh, Shin-Chang Su, Ya-Wen Peng, Tsam-Ming Guo, Yaw-Wen Kang, Wen-Harn Pan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The elderly population is increasing rapidly worldwide, and frailty is a common geriatric syndrome. Comprehensive dietary management strategies may have beneficial effects on frailty prevention and reversal. This 3-month single-blind, paralleled, randomized controlled trial compared the effects of micronutrients and/or protein supplements, and a personalised diet on frailty status in elderly individuals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Between 2014 and 2015, 40 prefrail or frail subjects aged >=65 years were recruited at Miaoli General Hospital, Taiwan...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tomoko Nishida, Kiyoshi Shimaoka, Shigeki Tsuzuku, Kazumasa Igura, Hisataka Sakakibara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prolonged effects of a 12-month exercise-plus-diet intervention in Japanese adults at risk of impaired glucose or lipid metabolism. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 180 participants were randomly divided into an intervention group (n=94), and a control group (n=86). An exercise-plus- diet intervention was conducted on the intervention group for 12 months. The effects were evaluated by questionnaire, physical examinations, and blood tests at baseline, 3 months, 12 months (the end of intervention), and 24 months (one year after the end of intervention)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lillian M Kent, Ross S Grant, Greg Watts, Darren P Morton, Paul M Rankin, Ewan J Ward
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low HDL concentrations are considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Interventions promoting a low-fat, plant-based eating pattern appear to reduce CVD risk while paradoxically also reducing HDL concentrations. Recent studies show HDL to comprise a range of subfractions, but the role these play in ameliorating the risk of CVD is unclear. The purpose of this study was to characterise changes in HDL subfractions in participants where HDL decreased following the CHIP intervention which promotes a low-fat, plant-based diet, with physical activity...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Pei-Hung Chang, Jason Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Kun-Yun Yeh, Eric Yen-Chao Chen, Shih-Wei Yang, Jen-Seng Huang, Chien-Hong Lai, Tsung-Han Wu, Yen-Min Huang, Yueh-Shih Chang, Wen-Chi Chou, Cheng-Hsu Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on treatment-related toxicities and tolerance in patients with advanced head and neck cancers who were undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed and compared the clinical characteristic, toxicities and survival of 143 patients with stage III, IVA, and IVB head and neck cancer who were treated with CCRT according to their PNI between 2007 and 2010...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tran Quoc Cuong, Merrilyn Banks, Mary Hannan-Jones, Do Thi Ngoc Diep, Danielle Gallegos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of malnutrition in adults in acute care settings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among 883 participants from 6 representative general public hospitals was conducted during April and May 2016. Participants were considered malnourished if they were classified using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) as malnourished (B or C) or with BMI <18.5 kg/m2...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yukiko Maegawa, Yuma Konishi, Masaru Kubota, Yuka Kawate, Yoshihiro Wakazono, Katsutsugu Umeda, Chiharu Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There exist many studies in Western countries dealing with pediatric nutritional assessment on admission, but those in Asian countries are comparatively limited. This study aimed at clarifying the prevalence of undernutrition in 3 Japanese pediatric hospitals, especially focusing on their different characteristics. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Study participants included 313 patients aged 1-17 years admitted to a tertiary hospital (175 patients), an acute-care hospital (99 patients), or a rehabilitation hospital (39 patients)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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