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Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049279/a-rapid-assessment-and-response-approach-for-socially-marketed-nutrition-commodities-in-viet-nam
#1
Tahir Turk, Nguyen Dinh Quang, Tran Thuy Nga, Huynh Phuong, Le Van Anh Tung, Vu Hoang Trang
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of death in children in developing countries is protein-energy malnutrition. In Viet Nam, 25.9% of children under 5 experience stunted growth and 6.6% are moderately wasted. Iron deficiency anaemia and vitamin A deficiency contribute to these and other malnutrition conditions. OBJECTIVES: Given these factors, more evidence based approaches are required to improve understanding of current attitudes, opinions and behaviours of mothers with young children, in order to operationalise social marketing of nutrition commodities in Viet Nam...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049278/do-demographic-characteristics-influence-the-eating-competence-of-elderly-taiwanese
#2
Kuei-I Lee, Wan-Teng Lin, Wen-Dee Chiang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between demographic characteristics and eating competence (EC), "the behaviour and attitudinal conceptualization of eating", among elderly Taiwanese. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Random questionnaire survey. Overall, 564 questionnaires were analyzed, and independent t-tests, analysis of variance, chi-square tests, were used to compare the differences in the EC scores when stratified by various demographic variables...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049277/adults-and-children-prefer-a-plate-food-guide-relative-to-a-pyramid
#3
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Sarah Moore, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored attitudes toward two food guides currently being widely used in Australia: the Healthy Eating Pyramid and the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating Plate. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Ten focus groups were conducted with adults (aged 18+ years) and children (aged 10-17 years) across various locations in Perth, Western Australia. The discussions focused on liked and disliked aspects of each food guide and the implications for participants' perceptions of their relative usefulness...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049276/comparison-of-the-nutrient-based-standards-for-school-lunches-among-south-korea-japan-and-taiwan
#4
Meeyoung Kim, Satoko Abe, Chengyu Zhang, Soyoung Kim, Jiyu Choi, Emely Hernandez, Miho Nozue, Jihyun Yoon
Nutritional standards are important guidelines for providing students with nutritionally-balanced school meals. This study compared nutrient-based school lunch standards regulated by South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. The data were collected from relevant literature and websites of each country during September 2014. The number of classification groups of target students was 8, 5, and 5 for South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan, respectively. Gender was considered across all age groups in South Korea but only for high school students in Taiwan...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049275/characteristics-of-food-group-intake-by-household-income-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#5
Nobuo Nishi, Chika Horikawa, Nobuko Murayama
This study examines the relationship between of food group intake and household income in a representative Japanese population. A total of 11,015 subjects (5,127 men and 5,888 women) aged 20 to 79 years, in 5,475 households who were part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, in 2010 and 2011 were analyzed. Dietary intake was recorded for one day in November for those aged one year and older, from 300 randomly selected survey districts. Household income per year was recorded in the questionnaire in three categories: low (<2 million yen), middle (2-6 million yen) and high (>=6 million yen)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049274/iron-release-from-the-lucky-iron-fish%C3%A2-safety-considerations
#6
Gavin R Armstrong, Cate E Dewey, Alastair Js Summerlee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The principal objective was to explore in greater detail safety issues with regard to the use of the Lucky Iron Fish® (fish) as a treatment for iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia in women in rural Cambodia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Experiments were done to determine: (1) purity of the iron in the fish by mass spectroscopy; (2) release of iron and contaminants released during boiling in water using inductive-ly-coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy; (3) the impact of cooking time, acidity and number of fish in acidified water and two types of Khmer soups; and (4) drinkability of the water after boiling with different num-bers of fish...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049273/positive-association-between-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-white-blood-cell-counts-in-chinese
#7
Hong Yang, Yuan-Qing Fu, Bo Yang, Ju-Sheng Zheng, Xiao-Yun Zeng, Wen Zeng, Zhi-Fen Fan, Min Chen, Ling Wang, Duo Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the association between peripheral circulating white blood cell count (WBC) and the metabolic syndrome among populations in central China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In the present study, 5,278 subjects (2,412 women, 2,866 men) aged 18-75 years were recruited through a health check program in Wuhan, China. Biochemical and haematological parameters were measured by standard methods and the metabolic syndrome diagnosed as defined by the Chinese Diabetes Society criteria for Chinese...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049272/associations-between-depression-and-unhealthy-behaviours-related-to-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yumi Ohmori, Hiroto Ito, Akemi Morita, Kijo Deura, Motohiko Miyachi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to determine whether depression was associated with metabolic syndrome and unhealthy behaviours in community residents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Using the 2009-2010 baseline data of the Saku Cohort Study, 1,225 men and women who participated in a community health screening were included in the cross-sectional analyses. Depression was assessed using the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Consistent with the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine's definition, we defined metabolic syndrome as abdominal obesity plus two or more of the following: high blood pressure, hyperglycaemia, and dyslipidaemia...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049271/dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-time-management-are-associated-with-constipation-in-preschool-children-in-japan
#9
Keiko Asakura, Shizuko Masayasu, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Constipation is a common complaint in children, which is not fatal but can affect quality of life. Several lifestyle-related risk factors for constipation have been reported, particularly dietary factors, but results have been inconsistent. Here, we examined the relationship of dietary and lifestyle factors with constipation in Japanese preschool children using data of a nationwide study. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were 5,309 children aged 5 to 6 years at 380 nursery schools in 44 of 47 prefectures in Japan...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049270/identifying-acceptability-and-price-points-for-purchasing-micronutrient-powders-for-children-2-to-5-years-old-in-nepal
#10
Rajni Gunnala, Cria G Perrine, Giriraj Subedi, Saba Mebrahtu, Pradiumna Dahal, Maria Elena Jefferds
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Little is known about purchasing micronutrient powders (MNP) for children 2-5 years. We describe acceptability for purchasing and price points for MNP for children 2-5 years among caregivers living in districts where free MNP are distributed for children 6-23 months. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Crosssectional surveys conducted 3 months after MNP program implementation in 2 districts; 15 months after implementation in 2 different districts...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049269/nutrient-intake-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-2-5-5-years-of-age-with-picky-eating-behaviours-and-low-weight-for-height
#11
Sheri Volger, Xiaoyang Sheng, Ling M Tong, Dongmei Zhao, Ting Fan, Feng Zhang, John Ge, Wing Man Ho, Nicholas P Hays, Manjiang P Yao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Picky eating behaviours are common in young children and may adversely affect dietary intake. This study examined the adequacy of dietary patterns and nutrient intake in preschool-aged children in China and Hong Kong with picky eating behaviours and weight-for-height in the lowest quartile of the WHO Growth Standards. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Dietary intake was assessed using baseline 3-day food records from a multicenter, randomized trial in Chinese children (N=151) ages 2...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049268/local-food-supplementation-and-psychosocial-stimulation-improve-linear-growth-and-cognitive-development-among-indonesian-infants-aged-6-to-9-months
#12
Helmizar Helmizar, Fasli Jalal, Nur Indrawati Lipoeto, Endang L Achadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of culturally-relevant food supplementation and psychosocial stimulation on infant growth and development. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A community-based randomized controlled trial was conducted in 40 clusters from 5 selected villages in Tanah Datar District of West Sumatera, Indonesia. We assessed 355 infants aged 6 to 9 months at the beginning of the study. The infants were divided into 4 groups: 1) Food Supplementation (FS); 2) Psychosocial Stimulation (PS); 3) Food Supplementation and Psychosocial Stimulation (FS+PS); and 4) Control Group (CG)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049267/dietary-fiber-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#13
Qi-Qi Mao, Yi-Wei Lin, Hong Chen, Jie Qin, Xiang-Yi Zheng, Xin Xu, Li-Ping Xie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between fiber intake and pancreatic cancer risk is conflicting and poorly explored. The aim of study was to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer by conducting a meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Systematic search of PubMed and Embase databases up to April 2015 were conducted to identify relevant studies. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were combined using random-effects models to assess the risk of pancreatic cancer when comparing extreme categories of fiber intake...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049266/does-vitamin-d-affect-muscle-strength-and-architecture-an-isokinetic-and-ultrasonographic-study
#14
Murat Kara, Timur Ekiz, Özgür Kara, Tülay Tiftik, Fevziye Ünsal Malas, Sibel Özbudak Demir, Neşe Özgirgin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore the association between 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and muscle strength/architecture. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Thirty patients (27 women, 3 men) were allocated into Group I (n=15, mean age; 44.4±9.4 years) and Group II (n=15, mean age; 39.0±9.9 years) according to the median of 25(OH)D (<13.7 ng/mL vs >13.7 ng/mL, respectively). Peak torque/body weight of the knee flexor/extensor muscles at 60°/sec and 180°/sec and those of ankle flexor/ extensor muscles at 30°/sec and 90°/sec were evaluated by using a Biodex System 3 Pro Multijoint System isokinetic dynamometer...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049265/increased-dietary-zinc-and-vitamin-b-2-is-associated-with-increased-alanine-aminotransferase-in-taiwanese-adolescents
#15
Chyi-Huey Bai, Yi-Wen Chien, Tzu-Chieh Huang, Shin-Jiuan Wu, Nai-Hua Yeh, Wen-Harn Pan, Jung-Su Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is generally used for evaluating liver function, and its concentrations are closely associated with sex and nutritional status. This study investigates the relationships between dietary components and serum ALT activity in Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected from 1,941 adolescents aged 13-18 years who participated in the fourth National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (2010-2011, adolescents)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049264/recovery-of-lactobacillus-casei-strain-shirota-lcs-from-the-intestine-of-healthy-vietnamese-adults-after-intake-of-fermented-milk
#16
Truong Tuyet Mai, Duong Van Hop, Trinh Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Thi Lam
To demonstrate the gastrointestinal survival of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) in healthy Vietnamese adults, a fermented milk drink containing LcS was administered daily for 14 days. Twenty-six healthy Vietnamese adults took part in the study. Each participant consumed 65 mL of a fermented milk drink containing LcS daily for 14 days. The drink contained a dose of 10 8 CFU/mL LcS. Fecal samples were collected before, during and after consuming the fermented milk drink. LcS was confirmed by culture and ELISA...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049263/the-effects-of-tomato-juice-on-male-infertility
#17
Yu Yamamoto, Koichi Aizawa, Makiko Mieno, Mika Karamatsu, Yasuko Hirano, Kuniko Furui, Tatsuya Miyashita, Kazumitsu Yamazaki, Takahiro Inakuma, Ikuo Sato, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Teruaki Iwamoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effects of tomato juice consumption on seminal plasma lycopene levels and sperm parameters in infertile men. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects were male infertility patients with poor sperm concentration (<20×10 6/mL) and/or motility (<50%). Following a fourweek observation period, subjects were randomly assigned among three groups: a tomato juice group, an antioxidant group, and a control group...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049262/black-tea-consumption-improves-postprandial-glycemic-control-in-normal-and-pre-diabetic-subjects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#18
Arisa Butacnum, Rewadee Chongsuwat, Akkarach Bumrungpert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postprandial glycemic control is important for prevention of diabetes. Black tea consumption may improve postprandial glycemic control. The major bioactive compounds are polyphenols, black tea polymerized polyphenol (BTPP).This study examined the effect of black tea consumption on postprandial blood glucose and insulin response following sucrose loading in normal and pre-diabetes subjects. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#19
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049260/a-prospective-study-of-nutritional-supplementation-for-preventing-oral-mucositis-in-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#20
Takuya Okada, Yasuaki Nakajima, Tetsuro Nishikage, Tairo Ryotokuji, Yutaka Miyawaki, Akihiro Hoshino, Yutaka Tokairin, Kenro Kawada, Kagami Nagai, Tatsuyuki Kawano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing chemotherapy often develop distressing adverse effects such as oral mucositis and diarrhea. Nutritional support with elemental diet is effective against various gastrointestinal complications and may exert protective effects against adverse effects induced by chemotherapy. To evaluate the influence of elemental diet on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis and diarrhea, we conducted a randomized control trial in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing chemotherapy...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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