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International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143371/editorial-comment-from-dr-taguchi-to-demographics-management-and-treatment-outcomes-of-benign-and-malignant-retroperitoneal-tumors-in-japan
#1
Satoru Taguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136679/current-trends-and-pitfalls-in-endoscopic-treatment-of-urolithiasis
#2
REVIEW
Takaaki Inoue, Shinsuke Okada, Shuzo Hamamoto, Takashi Yoshida, Tadashi Matsuda
Current development of endoscopic technology, lithotripters, and stone-retrieval devices has expanded the indications for retrograde and antegrade endoscopic therapy in the management of urolithiasis. This technology has also resulted in minimally invasive therapy. As surgeons' experience of endourological procedures with the newer instruments has become integrated, the surgical technique and indications for urolithiasis have also changed in the past few years. The present review provides an overview of endourological procedures for upper urinary tract stones and the key points related to surgical techniques...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117631/astrocyte-elevated-gene-1-promotes-invasion-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-bladder-cancer-cells-through-activation-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3
#3
Xiaoming Yang, Lei Shi, Chengzhi Yi, Yang Yang, Liansheng Chang, Dongkui Song
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of astrocyte elevated gene-1 on the invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of bladder cancer cells in vitro and metastasis in vivo. METHODS: Gain- and loss-of-function studies were carried out to investigate the biological roles of astrocyte elevated gene-1 in bladder cancer cell invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and lung metastasis. The mechanism underlying the activity of astrocyte elevated gene-1 was examined...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105189/cyclophosphamide-induced-tolerance-in-kidney-transplantation-avoids-long-term-immunosuppressive-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Ario Takeuchi, Koji Kato, Koichi Akashi, Masatoshi Eto
There has recently been remarkable progress in immunosuppressive agents, such as tacrolimus and cyclosporine. Therefore, the rate of organ establishment has improved in transplantation. However, immunosuppressive agents generally suppress the function of T cells. Thus, opportunistic infections, such as cytomegalovirus infection, are still a major problem in kidney transplantation. Induction of specific tolerance to avoid immunosuppressive drug therapy after kidney transplantation is considered as the ultimate goal of transplantation...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094400/editorial-comment-to-does-the-suburethral-sling-change-its-location
#5
Hikaru Tomoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094398/early-improvement-of-storage-or-voiding-symptoms-by-tadalafil-predicts-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#6
Osamu Yokoyama, Akichika Ozeki, Nahoko Suzuki, Masahiro Murakami
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early changes in International Prostate Symptom Score predict final improvement in the quality of life and treatment satisfaction of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms from benign prostatic hyperplasia receiving tadalafil. METHODS: This post-hoc analysis of three randomized-controlled trials of tadalafil for lower urinary tract symptoms from benign prostatic hyperplasia used subpopulations based on treatment status (tadalafil, placebo) and region (Japan, Asia)...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094397/high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-worse-overall-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-metastatic-urothelial-bladder-cancer
#7
Yu Guang Tan, Ernest Wen Cong Eu, Hong Hong Huang, Weber Kam On Lau
OBJECTIVES: To study the role of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in predicting survival outcomes for patients with advanced bladder cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 150 patients diagnosed with advanced or metastatic bladder cancer between January 2004 and June 2014. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was computed on diagnosis and after the first cycle of chemotherapy. A neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio cut-off of 3.0 was determined, with a concordance index of 0...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080257/health-related-quality-of-life-in-infertile-couples-receiving-testicular-sperm-extraction-treatment
#8
Hisanori Taniguchi, Tadashi Matsuda, Yoshiharu Nakaoka, Yoshiharu Morimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068092/high-dose-mizoribine-combined-with-calcineurin-inhibitor-cyclosporine-or-tacrolimus-basiliximab-and-corticosteroids-for-renal-transplantation-a-japanese-multicenter-study
#9
Tsukasa Nishioka, Norio Yoshimura, Hidetaka Ushigome, Yoshihiko Watarai, Kenji Nishimura, Kiyokazu Akioka, Nobuyuki Nakamura, Mutsushi Kawakita, Kenji Yuzawa, Tatsuya Nakatani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility and safety of high-dose mizoribine combination therapy using cyclosporine and tacrolimus as calcineurin inhibitors in patients undergoing kidney transplant. METHODS: The present study enrolled 156 patients who received kidney transplants in 18 institutions between 2009 and 2013. ABO-incompatible and/or pre-sensitized recipients were excluded. Immunosuppression used cyclosporine (88) or tacrolimus (68) as a calcineurin inhibitor, and the dosage was adjusted based on blood concentrations...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067727/editorial-comment-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-prostatic-abscess-in-the-post-antibiotic-era
#10
Katsumi Shigemura, Masato Fujisawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057558/editorial-comment-to-influence-of-dutasteride-treatment-on-serum-hormone-levels-and-aging-male-symptoms-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-enlargement
#11
Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Atsushi Mizokami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057511/improved-survival-of-men-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer-treated-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-plus-radiotherapy-to-the-prostate
#12
Akihiro Yano, Makoto Kagawa, Hideki Takeshita, Yohei Okada, Makoto Morozumi, Satoru Kawakami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052905/metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-during-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Koji Mitsuzuka, Yoichi Arai
Androgen deprivation therapy continues to be widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer despite the appearance of new-generation androgen-receptor targeting drugs after 2000. Androgen deprivation therapy can alleviate symptoms in patients with metastatic prostate cancer and might have a survival benefit in some patients, but it causes undesirable changes in lipid, glucose, muscle or bone metabolism. These metabolic changes could lead to new onset or worsening of diseases, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia or fracture...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027269/partial-nephrectomy-for-small-children-robot-assisted-versus-open-surgery
#14
Quentin Ballouhey, Aurélien Binet, Pauline Clermidi, Karim Braik, Thierry Villemagne, Jérôme Cros, Hubert Lardy, Laurent Fourcade
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of robot-assisted heminephrectomy for duplex kidney in children with those of open heminephrectomy. METHODS: The present retrospective multicentric analysis reviewed the records of robot-assisted versus open heminephrectomy carried out for duplex kidney in children from 2007 to 2014. Demographic data, weight, surgical time, hospital stay, complications and outcome were recorded. Follow up was based on a clinical review, renal sonography and dimercaptosuccinic acid renal scintigraphy...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994196/demographics-management-and-treatment-outcomes-of-benign-and-malignant-retroperitoneal-tumors-in-japan
#15
Naohiro Fujimoto, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Masanori Hisaoka, Kazuma Udo, Akira Yokomizo, Tadamasa Shibuya, Hironobu Wakeda, Kiyoaki Nishihara, Ryosuke Moriya, Keiko Iwakuma
OBJECTIVES: To show the demographics, type of treatment and clinical outcomes of patients with retroperitoneal tumors in Japan. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients with retroperitoneal tumors treated between 2000 and 2012 at 12 university hospitals in Japan. Histology was re-evaluated using the 2013 World Health Organization classification. RESULTS: A total of 167 patients were included in the analysis. The number of diagnosed patients increased over the 12-year study period...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975723/age-and-prostate-volume-are-risk-factors-for-transient-urinary-incontinence-after-transurethral-enucleation-with-bipolar-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#16
Yosuke Hirasawa, Yuji Kato, Kiichiro Fujita
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive factors for transient urinary incontinence after transurethral enucleation with bipolar. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 584 patients who underwent transurethral enucleation with bipolar between December 2011 and September 2016 operated by a single surgeon. Urinary incontinence after transurethral enucleation with bipolar was defined as involuntary leakage of urine that required the use of pads. It was evaluated at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after transurethral enucleation with bipolar...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975673/influence-of-dutasteride-treatment-on-serum-hormone-levels-and-aging-male-symptoms-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-enlargement
#17
Takahiro Maeda, Eiji Kikuchi, Masanori Hasegawa, Keiko Homma, Toshiyuki Ando, Kenjiro Suzuki, Gou Kaneko, Ryuichi Mizuno, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the effects of dutasteride on serum hormone levels and aging male symptoms in patients with benign prostatic enlargement. METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in 110 symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement patients treated with daily administration of 0.5 mg dutasteride. We analyzed serum hormonal levels and aging related symptoms using a validated Aging Male Symptom questionnaire at baseline and after 3 months of dutasteride treatment...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965358/benefits-and-limitations-of-animal-models-in-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction-for-translational-research
#18
REVIEW
Takeya Kitta, Yukiko Kanno, Hiroki Chiba, Madoka Higuchi, Mifuka Ouchi, Mio Togo, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara
The functions of the lower urinary tract have been investigated for more than a century. Lower urinary tract symptoms, such as incomplete bladder emptying, weak urine stream, daytime urinary frequency, urgency, urge incontinence and nocturia after partial bladder outlet obstruction, is a frequent cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia in aging men. However, the pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. The use of animal models is absolutely imperative for understanding the pathophysiological processes involved in bladder dysfunction...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965354/prosultiamine-for-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-accompanied-by-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-associated-myelopathy-tropical-spastic-paraparesis
#19
Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Tatsufumi Nakamura, Katsuya Satoh, Hideki Sakai
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate oral prosultiamine treatment in patients with overactive bladder accompanied by human T-lymphotropic virus type 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center, open-label study. Patients received oral prosultiamine (300 mg) once daily in the morning, and the overactive bladder symptom score and urine levels of overactive bladder-related biomarkers (nerve growth factor/creatinine and adenosine triphosphate/creatinine) 12 weeks after the initial administration were compared with the baseline values...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944509/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-prostatic-abscess-in-the-post-antibiotic-era
#20
REVIEW
Anne Lenore Ackerman, Pooja S Parameshwar, Jennifer T Anger
We reviewed the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, treatment options and outcomes of prostatic abscess in the post-antibiotic era, focusing on how patient risk factors and the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms influence management of the condition. A MEDLINE search for "prostate abscess" or "prostatic abscess" was carried out. Prostate abscess is no longer considered a consequence of untreated urinary infection; now, men with prostatic abscess are typically debilitated or immunologically compromised, with >50% of patients having diabetes...
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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