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International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332306/current-work-environments-what-problems-are-being-faced-by-japanese-urologists
#1
REVIEW
Kaoru Nemoto, Yasutomo Suzuki, Yukihiro Kondo
Computer technology has contributed to innovative progress in industrial infrastructures and has had a major influence on various work environments. Evaluations of work environments are routinely carried out in Western countries, but historically there has been resistance to such evaluations in Japan. In this mini-review, we discuss the current work environments of urologists in Japan. The number of urologists has increased each year, and the population density of urologists was 5.4 (per 100 000 people) in 2014...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323434/thulium-laser-ablation-facilitates-retrograde-intra-renal-surgery-for-upper-urinary-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#2
Takashi Yoshida, Makoto Taguchi, Takaaki Inoue, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323430/transsphincteric-repair-of-rectourethral-fistulas-15-years-of-experience-with-the-york-mason-approach
#3
George Dafnis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical and functional outcomes of our single institution's 15-year experience with surgically treated rectourethral fistulas using a modification of the York Mason technique. METHODS: Prospectively recorded data between 2002 and 2016 of all patients who underwent transsphincteric repair of rectourethral fistula using a modified York Mason technique at Eskilstuna County Hospital, Eskilstuna, Sweden, were assessed. A total of 20 consecutive patients, including 17 referrals (85%) and three patients (15%) from our hospital have undergone the modified York Mason procedure...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323427/duration-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-nadir-of-testosterone-at-20-ng-dl-predict-testosterone-recovery-to-supracastrate-level-in-prostate-cancer-patients-who-received-external-beam-radiotherapy
#4
Akinori Takei, Shinichi Sakamoto, Ken Wakai, Takaaki Tamura, Yusuke Imamura, Minhui Xu, Maihulan Maimaiti, Koji Kawamura, Takashi Imamoto, Akira Komiya, Koichiro Akakura, Tomohiko Ichikawa
OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors of testosterone recovery after termination of androgen deprivation therapy in high/intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients receiving external beam radiation therapy with neoadjuvant and adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy. METHODS: A total of 82 patients who underwent external beam radiation therapy with androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Serum testosterone levels after androgen deprivation therapy terminations were studied...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315854/predictive-factors-of-biochemical-recurrence-after-radical-prostatectomy-for-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#5
Yukiko Murata, Katsunori Tatsugami, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Masumitsu Hamaguchi, Shigetomo Yamada, Yusuke Hayakawa, Kouhei Ueda, Seiya Momosaki, Naotaka Sakamoto
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors of biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy in high-risk patients. METHODS: A total of 191 high-risk prostate cancer patients according to the D'Amico classification treated with radical prostatectomy at a single institution between April 2000 and December 2013 were enrolled. The pathological evaluation including intraductal carcinoma of prostate was reassessed, and the clinical and pathological risk factors of biochemical recurrence were analyzed...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268306/intra-adrenal-corticotropin-in-bilateral-macronodular-adrenal-hyperplasia-report-of-two-japanese-cases
#6
Hisamitsu Ide, Yan Lu, Masaya Ono, Takuo Tokairin, Hiroshi Okada, Shigeo Horie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268303/perilla-extract-improves-frequent-urination-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-with-enhancement-of-the-urothelial-presence-and-anti-inflammatory-effects
#7
Naoya Kitamura, Machiko Nishino, Akihiko Fujii, Kohjiro Hashizume, Junji Nakamura, Hidehiko Kondo, Atsushi Ohuchi, Tadashi Hase, Takatoshi Murase
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of perilla extract on urinary symptoms in spontaneously hypertensive rats as a model of spontaneous overactive bladder. METHODS: Spontaneously hypertensive rats were randomly divided into two groups and fed either a control diet or a perilla extract-containing diet. Cystometry, gene expression and histological analyses were carried out to evaluate the effects of perilla extract after 2-week feeding of either the control or the perilla extract diet...
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266472/current-treatment-strategies-for-advanced-prostate-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Kazumasa Komura, Christopher J Sweeney, Teruo Inamoto, Naokazu Ibuki, Haruhito Azuma, Philip W Kantoff
During the past decade, treatment strategies for patients with advanced prostate cancer involving stage IV (T4N0M0, N1M0 or M1) hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and recurrent prostate cancer after treatment with curative intent, as well as castration-resistant prostate cancer, have extensively evolved with the introduction and approval of several new agents including sipuleucel-T, radium-223, abiraterone, enzalutamide and cabazitaxel, all of which have shown significant improvement on overall survival. The appropriate use of these agents and the proper sequencing of these agents are still not optimized...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247553/prediction-models-for-progression-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Yasuhisa Fujii
An accurate prediction of progression is critically important in the management of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. At present, three risk models are widely known for prediction of the risk of tumor recurrence and progression of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Club Urológico Español de Tratamiento Oncológico, and new European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer models. Bladder neck involvement has been shown to be one of the significant predictors for progression in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, and a new scoring model (Tokyo Medical and Dental University model) consisting of bladder neck involvement, tumor grade, and stage has been developed and externally validated...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241301/how-to-evaluate-true-bladder-contractility-measurement-of-the-area-under-the-curve-of-watts-factor-could-provide-a-new-approach-to-true-bladder-contractility
#10
Takeya Kitta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241300/prevalence-of-fluoroquinolone-resistant-rectal-flora-in-patients-undergoing-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-needle-biopsy-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#11
Ho Seok Chung, Eu Chang Hwang, Ho Song Yu, Seung Il Jung, Sun Ju Lee, Dong Hoon Lim, Won Jin Cho, Hyun Sop Choe, Seung-Ju Lee, Sung Woon Park
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of fluoroquinolone-resistant rectal flora in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy and to identify the high-risk groups. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2016, rectal swabs of 557 men who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy were obtained from five institutions. Clinical variables, including demographics, rectal swab culture results and infectious complications, were evaluated...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224251/efficacy-and-safety-of-fesoterodine-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-symptoms-in-elderly-women-with-and-without-hypertension
#12
Osamu Yokoyama, Hidetomi Yamagami, Shintaro Hiro, Shinichi Hotta, Masaki Yoshida
OBJECTIVE: To assess fesoterodine treatment in elderly women with overactive bladder with and without hypertension. METHODS: Data for 2527 elderly women with overactive bladder symptoms, including urgency urinary incontinence, were pooled from 10 double-blind, placebo-controlled fesoterodine studies. RESULTS: A total of 1523 elderly women (60.3%) had a history of hypertension, and 1004 women (39.7%) had no hypertension history. Overactive bladder symptoms, mean bodyweight and mean body mass index at baseline were significantly higher in women with overactive bladder and hypertension versus those without hypertension (P < 0...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224236/prognostic-factors-of-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-a-finnish-randomized-screening-trial
#13
Subas Neupane, Ewout Steyerberg, Jani Raitanen, Kirsi Talala, Juho Pylväläinen, Kimmo Taari, Teuvo Lj Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prognostic factors of prostate cancer death among patients enrolled in a Finnish prostate cancer screening trial. METHODS: Data on TNM stage, Gleason score, serum prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis, comorbidity and primary treatment were collected from medical records, as well as date and cause of death from Statistics Finland. Four prognostic risk groups were defined based on TNM stage, Gleason score and prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216687/editorial-comment-to-high-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-worse-overall-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-metastatic-urothelial-bladder-cancer
#14
Yoshio Ohno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212132/urological-laparoendoscopic-single-site-and-reduced-port-surgery-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#15
Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Takatsugu Okegawa, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Fuminori Sato, Ken Nakagawa, Tomonori Habuchi, Akio Hoshi, Akio Matsubara, Koji Yoshimura, Toshiro Terachi, Hiromitsu Mimata, Akihiro Kawauchi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current status of urological laparoendoscopic single-site and reduced port surgery in Japan. METHODS: Of the 152 institutions to which councilors of the Japanese Society of Endourology belong, 42 (28%) have carried out laparoendoscopic single-site and reduced port surgery. A total of 32 of these institutions agreed to participate in this survey. Patients who had undergone surgery between January 2008 and March 2014 were included in the present study...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205507/current-status-of-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate
#16
REVIEW
Katsumi Shigemura, Masato Fujisawa
There are several options for the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia representatively from transurethral resection of the prostate. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate is one of those options, and many institutions and urologists have initiated this technique, and most of them have accomplished better outcomes compared with transurethral resection of the prostate. In contrast to transurethral resection of the prostate, which requires a similar procedure to transurethral resection of bladder tumors, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate requires a special surgical technique: enucleation and morcellation with around 10 years' history of experience, even in Japan...
December 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205506/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-mirabegron-for-the-treatment-of-storage-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-overactive-bladder-comparison-with-placebo-and-tolterodine
#17
REVIEW
Arcangelo Sebastianelli, Giorgio I Russo, Steven A Kaplan, Kevin T McVary, Ignacio Moncada, Stavros Gravas, Christopher Chapple, Giuseppe Morgia, Sergio Serni, Mauro Gacci
A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mirabegron 50 mg and 100 mg in the treatment of storage lower urinary tract symptoms/overactive bladder in comparison with a placebo and tolterodine 4 mg. A total of 491 articles were collected and eight randomized studies were identified as eligible for this meta-analysis. Overall, eight trials were included in the meta-analysis evaluating 10 248 patients. Mirabegron at both doses of 50 mg and 100 mg, and and tolterodine 4 mg were significantly associated with the reduction of incontinence episodes per 24 h, reduction of mean number of micturitions per 24 h, increase of voided volume and reduction of urgency episodes per 24 h, compared to a placebo...
December 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194771/outcomes-of-indwelling-metallic-stents-for-malignant-extrinsic-ureteral-obstruction
#18
Jumpei Asakawa, Taro Iguchi, Satoshi Tamada, Noriko Ninomiya, Minoru Kato, Takeshi Yamasaki, Tatsuya Nakatani
OBJECTIVES: To report the treatment outcomes of patients with extrinsic ureteral obstruction treated with metallic stents and to identify the factors predicting stent failure. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with extrinsic ureteral obstruction as a result of malignancy (66 ureters) were treated with metallic stents (Resonance® ) and included in the study. The median observation period was 118 days. RESULTS: The median survival time of these patients was 210 days, and the stent patency rate was 86...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193372/summary-of-the-uaa-aaus-guidelines-for-urinary-tract-infections
#19
Hyun-Sop Choe, Seung-Ju Lee, Stephen S Yang, Ryoichi Hamasuna, Shingo Yamamoto, Yong-Hyun Cho, Tetsuro Matsumoto
Urinary tract infections, genital tract infections and sexually transmitted infections are the most prevalent infectious diseases, and the establishment of locally optimized guidelines is critical to provide appropriate treatment. The Urological Association of Asia has planned to develop the Asian guidelines for all urological fields, and the present urinary tract infections, genital tract infections and sexually transmitted infections guideline was the second project of the Urological Association of Asia guideline development, which was carried out by the Asian Association of Urinary Tract Infection and Sexually Transmitted Infection...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178540/can-time-to-failure-predict-the-faulty-component-in-artificial-urinary-sphincter-device-malfunctions
#20
David Y Yang, Brian J Linder, Adam R Miller, Laureano J Rangel, Daniel S Elliott
OBJECTIVE: Artificial urinary sphincter malfunctions can occur in any of the individual components. Preoperative identification of the malfunctioning component can be valuable for patient counseling and surgical planning. The optimal strategy for repair of failed artificial urinary sphincter components is debated given the relative rarity of the situation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of time to failure with failed artificial urinary sphincter component and to compare our outcomes of specific component versus complete device replacement...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
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