journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Medicinal Chemistry

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721832/biomarkers-associated-with-bleeding-risk-in-the-setting-of-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Skevos Sideris, Stefanos Archontakis, George Latsios, George Lazaros, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Eleftherios Tsiamis, Manolis Vavuranakis, Charalampos Vlachopoulos, Konstantinos Gatzoulis, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Dimitris Tousoulis
Background Prevention of thromboembolic disease, mainly stroke, with oral anticoagulants remains a major therapeutic goal in patients with atrial fibrillation. Unfortunately, despite the high efficacy, anticoagulant therapy is associated with a significant risk of, frequently catastrophic, hemorrhagic complications. Among different clinical and laboratory parameters related to an increased risk of bleeding, several biological markers have been recognized and various risk scores for bleeding have been developed...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721831/transient-production-of-recombinant-pharmaceutical-proteins-in-plants-evolution-and-perspectives
#2
Lilya Kopertekh, Joachim Schiemann
During the last two decades the production of pharmaceutical proteins in plants evolved from proof of concept to established technology adopted by several biotechnological companies. This progress is particularly based on intensive research starting stable genetic transformation and moving to transient expression. Due to its advantages in yield and speed of protein production transient expression platforms became leading plant-based manufacturing technology. Current transient expression methods rely on Agrobacterium-mediated delivery of expression vectors into plant cells...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721830/redox-state-in-atrial-fibrillation-pathogenesis-and-relevant-therapeutic-approaches
#3
Alexios S Antonopoulos, Athina Goliopoulou, Evangelos Oikonomou, Sotiris Tsalamandris, Georgios-Angelos Papamikroulis, George Lazaros, Eleftherios Tsiamis, George Latsios, Stella Brili, Spyridon Papaioannou, Vasiliki Gennimata, Dimitris Tousoulis
Myocardial redox state is a critical determinant of myocardial biology, regulating cardiomyocytes' apoptosis, hypertrophy, ion channels function and cardiac contractility and relaxation. Data from animal models have shown that altered myocardial nitroso-redox balance and NADPH oxidases activity are pivotally involved in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. Similarly experimental animal data have demonstrated that increased reactive oxygen / nitrogen species formation in the atrial tissue is associated with altered electrophysiological properties of atrial myocytes and electrical remodeling...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721829/ngs-technologies-as-a-turning-point-in-rare-disease-research-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
Ana Fernández-Marmiesse, Sofía Gouveia, María L Couce
Approximately 25-50 million Americans, 30 million Europeans, and 8% of the Australian population have a rare disease. Rare diseases are thus a common problem for clinicians and account for enormous healthcare costs worldwide due to the difficulty of establishing a specific diagnosis. In this article we review the milestones achieved in our understanding of rare diseases since the emergence of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies and analyze how these advances have influenced research and diagnosis...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721828/mir-149-as-a-potential-molecular-target-for-cancer
#5
Suet Hui Ow, Pei Jou Chua, Boon Huat Bay
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding nucleotides that regulate the expression of proteins. They play major roles in fundamental cellular processes. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been frequently detected in cancers. miR-149 has been implicated in tumor progression by regulating cellular proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal-transition and chemoresistance. There have been reports that miR-149 can function both as an oncogene or tumor suppressor, depending on the type of cancer, thereby giving rise to the possibility of utilizing miR-149 mimics and inhibitors for cancer therapy...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721827/melatonin-as-pleiotropic-molecule-with-therapeutic-potential-for-type-2-diabetes-and-cancer
#6
Marzena Wojcik, Michal Krawczyk, Pawel Wojcik, Katarzyna Cypryk, Lucyna Alicja Wozniak
The incidence both of diabetes, particularly type 2 (T2DM), and cancer is increasing worldwide, making these diseases growing global health problem along with increasing healthcare expenditures. The current therapeutic approach for the treatment of these multifactorial diseases is far from satisfactory. Therefore, there is still considerable interest in searching new therapeutic strategies with the use of both natural and synthetic compounds exhibiting higher efficiency and lower toxicity compared to medicines used currently in clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721826/clinical-uses-of-melatonin-in-neurological-diseases-and-mental-and-behavioural-disorders
#7
Emilio J Sánchez-Barceló, Noemi R Revilla, María D Mediavilla, Carmen Martínez-Cué, Russel J Reiter
Melatonin is a molecule with numerous properties applicable to the treatment of neurological diseases. Among these properties are the following: potent scavenger of oxygen and nitrogen reactive species, anti-inflammatory features, immuno-enhancing nature, and modulation of circadian rhythmicity. Furthermore, low concentrations of melatonin are usually found in patients with neurological diseases and mental disorders. The positive results obtained in experimental models of diverse pathologies, including diseases of the nervous system (e...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721825/biomarkers-associated-with-stroke-risk-in-atrial-fibrillation
#8
Adam Ioannou, Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Debbie Falconer, Onkar Rehal, Emma Sewart, Effimia Zacharia, Konstantinos Toutouzas, Charalampos Vlachopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos, Constantinos Tsioufis, Dimitris Tousoulis
Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased risk for cardioembolic stroke. The risk of cardioembolism is not adequately reduced with the administration of oral anticoagulants, since a number of patients continue to experience thromboembolic events despite receiving anti-thrombotic treatment. Several biomarkers have been proposed to predict cardioembolic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Some of them are already used in the clinical practice, such as D-Dimers, Troponin and brain natriuretic peptide...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721824/potential-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-hesperidin-from-the-genus-citrus
#9
Silvia Tejada, Samuel Pinya, Miquel Martorell, Xavier Capó, Josep A Tur, Antoni Pons, Antoni Sureda
The benefits of the Mediterranean diet for protecting against many diseases are usually attributed to high consumption of certain foods, characterized by the presence of bioactive substances such as polyphenols. Citrus fruits, which are cultivated and consumed worldwide, are typical products of the Mediterranean diet. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases such as arthritis, allergies and neurodegenerative disorders, among others. Dietary polyphenols constitute a large family of bioactive substances with potential beneficial effects against a broad group of diseases...
July 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714388/the-prospective-role-of-micrornas-in-depression
#10
Zhiying Hu, Yuting Jiang, Xue Huo, Yang Yang, Henry Davies, Benson O A Botchway, Marong Fang
Depression is a debilitating disease that is affecting a growing number of patients both physically and mentally. In addition to the mood changes, depression causes cognitive impairment, including learning and memory dysfunction. Although depression studies have been going on for decades, the underlying mechanism still remains unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a type of small non-coding RNAs, predominantly control the expression of their target mRNAs to exert their functions. Some evidence has revealed the importance of miRNAs in the mechanism of depression though the studies are still in their infancy...
July 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714387/macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-a-favorable-marker-in-inflammatory-diseases
#11
Johannes Hertelendy, Georg Reumuth, David Simons, Christian Stoppe, Bong-Sung Kim, Jan-Philipp Stromps, Paul C Fuchs, Jürgen Bernhagen, Norbert Pallua, Gerrit Grieb
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was firstly described in the 1960s as a pleiotropic cytokine affecting a variety of immune cells. Different physiological functions mainly involving inflammatory reactions such as chemokine-like function and regulating systemic stress responses have been reported. In several clinical studies the use of MIF as a biomarker has been investigated promising support for diseases with an inflammatory aspect such as sepsis, systemic infections and autoimmune diseases. This article in detail reviews clinical data and evaluates the function as biomarker focusing on inflammatory and autoimmune diseases...
July 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714386/nitroisoxazolones-showing-diverse-chemical-behavior-a-useful-building-block-for-polyfunctionalized-systems
#12
Nagatoshi Nishiwaki
4-Nitroisoxazolin-5(2H)-one (nitroisoxazolone) has multiple functionalities embedded as the partial structures that include a nitroalkene, an enamine, a lactone, a N-O bond, and an α, β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety. These structural features facilitate versatile chemical transformations that lead to polyfunctionalized heterocycles that are not easily available by alternative methods. Anionic nitroisoxazolone readily undergoes ring opening to afford dianionic cyano-aci-nitroacetate. This dianionic reagent serves as a safe cyano(nitro)methylating agent to afford glutaronitriles and α-nitro-δ-keto nitriles that are precursors of polyfunctionalized isoxazolines, pyridines, and diazabicycliccompounds...
July 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714385/therapeutic-application-of-natural-medicine-monomers-in-cancer-treatment
#13
Chen Zhong, Nathan R Wall, Yuangang Zu, Guangchao Sui
Natural medicine monomers (NMMs) isolated from plants have been recognized for their roles in treating different human diseases including cancers. Many NMMs exhibit effective anti-cancer activities and can be used as drugs or adjuvant agents to enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiotherapy with low or tolerable side effects. Some NMMs, such as Paclitaxel and Camptothecin, have been extensively studied for decades and are now used as anti-cancer medicines due to their remarkable curative effects, such as inhibiting cancer cell proliferation and metastasis, and inducing cell death and differentiation...
July 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714384/chemistry-in-the-bioactivity-of-chlorophylls-an-overview
#14
Antonio Pérez-Gálvez, Isabel Viera, María Roca
BACKGROUND: In addition to the considerable number of different chlorophyll structures originated naturally, prominent research is made to produce new specific semi-synthetic structures. The final target is to obtain chlorophyll derivatives with even better bioactive properties than those of the natural parent compounds. METHOD: A detailed, extensive and critic literature search have been made in Web of ScienceTM Results: Great efforts are applying to optimize the function of chlorophyll-based photosensitizers, to understand the molecular mechanisms of the antioxidant and antigenotoxic properties of chlorophyll derivatives and, lastly, to investigate new biological actions of them...
July 14, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707589/advances-in-the-anticancer-value-of-the-ursolic-acid-through-nanodelivery
#15
Azadeh Manayi, Marjan Nikan, Navid Nobakht Haghighid, Mohammad Abdollahi
Ursolic acid, a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid is commonly found in plants and foods with promising biological and pharmacological activities. The compound has been under the attention of researchers due to its considerable anticancer effects through suppression of differentiation, angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis of tumor cells via different pathways with low toxicity. Bioavailability of ursolic acid is poor due to poor solubility of the compound in water. Low bioavailability and short plasma half-life of ursolic acid along with non-specific distribution in the body are considered as impediments in the therapeutic development of the compound...
July 13, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707588/targeting-the-prokineticin-system-to-control-chronic-pain-and-inflammation
#16
Lucia Negri, Daniela Maftei
Prokineticin1 and prokineticin2 belong to a new family of chemokines identified in several species including mammals and characterized by the presence of five disulfide bridges. These proteins signal through two G-coupled receptors (prokineticin-receptor1 and prokineticin-receptor2) widely expressed in all tissues and involved in a large spectrum of biological activities, including angiogenesis, hematopoiesis, immune processes, inflammation and nociceptive transmission. Prokineticin2 is overexpressed in inflamed tissues and has a crucial role in neutrophil dependent inflammation and hypernociception...
July 13, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707592/rational-drug-design-of-antineoplastic-agents-using-3d-qsar-cheminformatic-and-virtual-screening-approaches
#17
Jelica Vucicevic, Katarina Nikolic, John B O Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Computer-Aided Drug Design has strongly accelerated the development of novel antineoplastic agents by helping in the hit identification, optimization, and evaluation. RESULTS: Computational approaches such as cheminformatic search, virtual screening, pharmacophore modeling, molecular docking and dynamics have been developed and applied to explain the activity of bioactive molecules, design novel agents, increase the success rate of drug research, and decrease the total costs of drug discovery...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707591/new-generation-non-ssri-antidepressants-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-and-pharmacological
#18
Roberto Mandrioli, Michele Protti, Laura Mercolini
BACKGROUND: New-generation antidepressants (NGAs) are the latest additions to the clinician's arsenal in the fight against depression. After the introduction of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a plethora of other groups followed, identified by their main mechanisms of activity: serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI); serotonin modulators and stimulators (SMS); serotonin antagonists and reuptake inhibitors (SARI); noradrenergic and selective serotonergic antidepressants (NaSSA); norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (NeRI); serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (SNDRI) or triple reuptake inhibitors (TRI); and melatonin and serotonin agonists (MaSA)...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707590/combining-drug-and-psychological-treatments-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-what-is-the-evidence-when-and-for-whom
#19
Umberto Albert, Gabriele Di Salvo, Francesca Solia, Gianluca Rosso, Giuseppe Maina
BACKGROUND: serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) are first-line treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Since response is often inadequate, in recent years researchers investigated whether combining CBT and SRIs, either ab initio or sequentially, results in a greater reduction of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: the aims of the present paper are to assess if combination treatment seems adding benefits as compared to either monotherapy alone and if sequential strategies may be effective in converting partial or non responders to a first-line treatment into responders...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707587/immunotherapeutic-interleukin-6-or-interleukin-6-receptor-blockade-in-cancer-challenges-and-opportunities
#20
Nirmala C Kampan, Sue D Xiang, Orla M McNally, Andrew N Stephens, Michael A Quinn, Magdalena Plebanski
Interleukin 6 (IL-6), a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine with pleiotropic activity is a central player in chronic inflammatory diseases including cancers. Therefore, blockade of the IL-6 signaling pathway has become a target for the therapy of in diverse cancers such as multicentric Castleman's disease (CD), multiple myeloma and solid tumours including renal, prostate, lung, colorectal and ovarian cancers. Monoclonal antibodies against IL-6 (Siltuximab) and the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) (Tocilizumab) have emerged as potential immunotherapies, alone or in combination with conventional chemotherapy...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
journal
journal
32086
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"