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Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920550/sit-to-stand-activity-during-stroke-rehabilitation
#1
Andy Kerr, Jesse Dawson, Chris Robertson, Philip Rowe, Terence J Quinn
Objectives The sit to stand (STS) movement is key to independence and commonly affected by stroke. Repetitive practice is likely to improve STS ability during rehabilitation, however current practice levels are unknown. The objective of this study was simply to count the number of STS movements performed during the rehabilitation period of stroke patients using a physical activity monitor (PAM) and test whether being observed altered outcome. Methods Participants were medically stable patients referred for rehabilitation following stroke...
September 18, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920549/rupture-of-a-non-traumatic-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-does-location-of-aneurysm-associate-with-functional-independence-following-post-acute-in-patient-neurorehabilitation
#2
Henriette Holm Stabel, Asger Roer Pedersen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: Patients with non-traumatic rupture of an aneurysm located at the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) often experience cognitive disabilities. It is unknown whether location of aneurysm also affects the possibility for improvement in functional independence compared to patients with an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) located elsewhere. The aim was to explore the association between location of aneurysm (ACoA versus other) and level of functional independence, measured by Functional Independence Measure (FIM), at discharge from rehabilitation...
September 18, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891760/the-nottingham-fatigue-after-stroke-notfast-study-results-from-follow-up-six-months-after-stroke
#3
Louise Hawkins, Nadina B Lincoln, Nikola Sprigg, Nick S Ward, Amit Mistri, Pippa Tyrrell, Esme Worthington, Avril Drummond
Background Post-stroke fatigue is common and disabling. Objectives The aim of NotFAST was to examine factors associated with fatigue in stroke survivors without depression, six months after stroke. Methods Participants were recruited from four UK stroke units. Those with high levels of depressive symptoms (score ≥7 on Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards) or aphasia were excluded. Follow-up assessment was conducted at six months after stroke. They were assessed on the Fatigue Severity Scale, Rivermead Mobility Index, Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scale, Barthel Index, Beck Anxiety Index, Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and Sleep Hygiene Index...
September 11, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885102/home-programs-for-upper-extremity-recovery-post-stroke-a-survey-of-occupational-therapy-practitioners
#4
Elena V Donoso Brown, Renae Fichter
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity hemiparesis is an impairment post-stroke that impacts quality of life. Home programs are an intervention strategy used by many occupational therapists to support continued motor recovery post-stroke, yet little is known about how these programs are designed and implemented. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe how occupational therapy practitioners approach this task and specifically what strategies they use to support adherence and what types of technology are most commonly used...
September 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859603/effects-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-for-lower-limbs-on-measurements-of-functional-mobility-and-postural-balance-in-subjects-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Tállyta Camyla Chaves da Silva, Mayara Fabiana Pereira Costa, Fabrícia Azevedo da Costa Cavalcanti, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
Abstrato Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is suggested to reduce functional asymmetry between the upper limbs after stroke. However, there are few studies about CIMT for lower limbs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of CIMT for lower limbs on functional mobility and postural balance in subjects with stroke. METHODS: A 40-day follow-up, single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed with 38 subacute stroke patients (mean of 4.5 months post-stroke)...
August 31, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851257/social-participation-in-working-age-adults-with-aphasia-an-updated-systematic-review
#6
Caitlin Pike, Alta Kritzinger, Bhavani Pillay
BACKGROUND: A previous systematic review found limited data regarding social participation in working-age people with aphasia (PWA). A review of recent studies may reveal more information on challenges in reestablishing social roles. METHOD: The aim was to provide an updated systematic review on social participation in PWA under 65 years of age. Studies from 2005 to 2017 were searched from Scopus, Pubmed, and Psychinfo. Search terms were derived from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the Aphasia- Framework for Outcomes Measures (A-FROM)...
August 29, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845746/diagnostic-and-prognostic-role-of-resistin-and-copeptin-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#7
Edi Perovic, Anamarija Mrdjen, Mladen Harapin, Andrea Tesija Kuna, Ana-Maria Simundic
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate (i) whether there is a difference in the concentration of resistin and copeptin between acute ischemic stroke patients and stroke-free controls; and (ii) if there is any prognostic value of resistin and copeptin in predicting stroke infarct volume, stroke severity, and outcome. METHODS: Our case-control study has recruited 112 acute ischemic stroke patients admitted within 24 h after the stroke onset. We have also included 63 age and gender matched stroke-free controls...
August 28, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835194/inequities-in-access-to-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-stroke-an-international-scoping-review
#8
Elizabeth A Lynch, Dominique A Cadilhac, Julie A Luker, Susan L Hillier
Background Inequities in accessing inpatient rehabilitation after stroke have been reported in many countries and impact on patient outcomes. Objective To explore variation in international recommendations regarding which patients should receive inpatient rehabilitation after stroke and to describe reported access to rehabilitation. Methods A scoping review was conducted to identify clinical guidelines with recommendations regarding which patients should access inpatient rehabilitation after stroke, and data regarding the proportion of patients accessing stroke rehabilitation...
August 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826325/comparison-of-the-mini-balance-evaluations-systems-test-with-the-berg-balance-scale-in-relationship-to-walking-speed-and-motor-recovery-post-stroke
#9
Sangeetha Madhavan, Alka Bishnoi
BACKGROUND: The Mini-BESTest is a recently developed balance assessment tool that incorporates challenging dynamic balance tasks. Few studies have compared the psychometric properties of the Mini-BESTest to the commonly used Berg Balance Scale (BBS). However, the utility of these scales in relationship to post stroke walking speeds has not been explored. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the Mini-BESTest and BBS to evaluate walking speeds in individuals with stroke...
August 21, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701101/validation-of-an-immersive-virtual-reality-system-for-training-near-and-far-space-neglect-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-pilot-study
#10
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Daisuke Muroi, Masahiro Ohira, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is defined as impaired ability to attend and see on one side, and when present, it interferes seriously with daily life. These symptoms can exist for near and far spaces combined or independently, and it is important to provide effective intervention for near and far space neglect. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to propose an immersive virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation program using a head-mounted display that is able to train both near and far space neglect, and to validate the immediate effect of the VR program in both near and far space neglect...
July 12, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693410/staying-married-after-stroke-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-qualitative-study
#11
Sharon Anderson, Norah C Keating, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Marriages are one of the most powerful predictors of health and longevity, yet research in stroke has focused separately on survivors' experience of impairments and how spouses deal with caregiving. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory study was to understand the key themes related to reconstruction or breakdown of marriages after stroke. METHODS: In semi-structured interviews, 18 couples in long-term marriages discussed how their marriages were reconstructed or broke down after one member of the couple returned home after being hospitalized for a stroke...
July 10, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687056/the-efficacy-of-treadmill-training-on-balance-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-systematic-review
#12
Zachary Tally, Laura Boetefuer, Courtney Kauk, Gabriela Perez, Lorraine Schrand, Jeffrey Hoder
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise interventions are useful in facilitating the functional recovery of those with chronic stroke and, routinely, are gait-specific. While treadmill training has proven useful in gait performance recovery post-stroke, its efficacy on balance dysfunction has not been  systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of treadmill training (TT) interventions on balance dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke...
July 7, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251861/skeletal-muscle-changes-following-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#13
Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Chris M Gregory
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive study of the impact of stroke on muscle and functional performance, questions remain regarding the extent to which changes are due to the neurological injury vs. age-related loss of morphology and force production. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize available evidence describing post-stroke changes in lower extremity muscle size and strength compared to healthy adults. METHODS: Scientific literature was searched up to April 2016 to identify studies that included lower extremity muscle size and strength measures in individuals with chronic stroke...
September 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191861/the-effect-of-self-management-education-following-mild-stroke-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Timothy J Wolf, Meredith J Spiers, Meghan Doherty, Emily V Leary
BACKGROUND: Mild stroke comprises 53% of stroke hospital admissions; however, the majority of those with mild stroke patients receive little support to address chronic symptoms following stroke. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effect of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) for use with individuals immediately post mild-stroke. METHODS: Single-blind, exploratory, randomized controlled trial with participants who sustained a mild stroke (NIHSS <6)...
July 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618848/the-stroke-caregiving-trajectory-in-relation-to-caregiver-depressive-symptoms-burden-and-intervention-outcomes
#15
Rachel Graf, Jennifer LeLaurin, Magda Schmitzberger, I Magaly Freytes, Tatiana Orozco, Stuti Dang, Constance R Uphold
BACKGROUND: Caregiver depression and burden have a detrimental effect on stroke survivors' rehabilitation and are contributors to stroke survivors' hospital readmission and institutionalization. The stroke caregiving trajectory is unique compared to other illnesses, and the effect of length of caregiving on stroke caregiver outcomes is poorly understood. Interventions can improve caregiver outcomes, but the optimal timing of these interventions is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship between: (1) length of caregiving and stroke caregiver depressive symptoms and burden, and (2) length of caregiving and amount of change in depressive symptoms and burden following the Resources and Education for Stroke Caregivers' Understanding and Empowerment (RESCUE) intervention - an online and telephone problem-solving, education, and support intervention...
June 15, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549391/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-for-post-stroke-non-fluent-aphasia-a-critical-review
#16
Arunima Kapoor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for post-stroke non-fluent aphasia through a review of current literature. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase & Scopus) were searched for articles. Relevant studies were further evaluated and studies that met inclusion criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 4713 studies. Thirty-five articles were further evaluated to be included...
May 26, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545344/identification-of-the-components-associated-with-functioning-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-comprehensive-core-set-for-stroke-in-indian-stroke-survivors
#17
Shankar Ganesh, Sidhanjana Mohapatra, Patitapaban Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation interventions are expected to ensure best possible recovery and minimize functional disability in stroke survivors. However, not many studies have investigated patterns of recovery and outcomes after stroke in low-income countries. The objective of this study is to identify the biological, psychological, and social components associated with functioning over time in Indian stroke patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based tools and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545326/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486861/clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-exceeding-target-length-of-stay-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#19
Wesley Lai, Mackenzie Buttineau, Jennifer K Harvey, Rebecca A Pucci, Anna P M Wong, Linda Dell'Erario, Stephanie Bosnyak, Shannon Reid, Nancy M Salbach
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation hospitals post-stroke are classified into rehabilitation patient groups based on age and functional level. Clinical practice guidelines, called quality-based procedures, recommend a target length of stay (LOS) for each group. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to evaluate the extent to which patients post-stroke at an inpatient rehabilitation hospital are meeting LOS targets and to identify patient characteristics that predict exceeding target LOS...
May 9, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482762/power-training-in-chronic-stroke-individuals-differences-between-responders-and-nonresponders
#20
Stacey E Aaron, Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Aaron E Embry, Mark G Bowden, Chris M Gregory
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle weakness is a primary contributor to post-stroke dysfunction. Resistance training is an effective treatment for hemiparetic weakness and improves walking performance. Post-stroke subject characteristics that do or do not improve walking speed following resistance training are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to describe baseline characteristics, as well as responses to training, associated with achieving a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in walking speed (≥0...
May 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
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