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Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

Natsuki Shimizu, Hiroyuki Hashidate, Tomohiro Ota, Akihiko Saito
Background Activity monitors are known to provide quantitative evaluation of physical activity in people with stroke. However, little evidence is available on the test-retest reliability and suitable measuring conditions for evaluating physical activity with an activity monitor in people with subacute stroke at a hospital setting. Objectives To evaluate reliability of physical activity measurement using an activity monitor in different measuring conditions in hospitalized people with subacute stroke according to gait ability...
March 12, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Amanda Larén, Amanda Odqvist, Per-Olof Hansson, Carina U Persson
Objective Little is known about which factors are associated with a patient's fear of falling (FoF) after acute stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate baseline variables and their association with FoF during rehabilitation in acute stroke. Patients and methods The study population consisted of the 462 patients with acute stroke who were admitted to a stroke unit, included in the observational study "The Fall Study in Gothenburg (FallsGOT)" and were able to answer a single question: "Are you afraid of falling?" (Yes/No)...
March 1, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Claudia Kim Nyberg, Jan Egil Nordvik, Frank Becker, Darius A Rohani, Donatas Sederevicius, Anders M Fjell, Kristine B Walhovd
Background Computerized cognitive training is suggested to enhance attention and working memory functioning following stroke, but effects on brain and behavior are not sufficiently studied and longitudinal studies assessing brain and behavior relationships are scarce. Objective The study objectives were to investigate relations between neuropsychological performance post-stroke and white matter microstructure measures derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), including changes after 6 weeks of working memory training...
February 25, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Margaret A French, Susanne M Morton, Ryan T Pohlig, Darcy S Reisman
Background A single nucleotide polymorphism, Val66Met, in the Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) gene has been studied for its role in recovery following stroke. Despite this work, the role of BDNF genotype on long-term recovery is unclear. Additionally, no study has examined its impact on functional mobility. As a result, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between BDNF genotype and functional mobility in chronic stroke survivors by first accounting for factors related to the Val66Met polymorphism and post-stroke recovery...
February 25, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Jonas Schröder, Steven Truijen, Tamaya Van Criekinge, Wim Saeys
Purpose It is hypothesized that peripheral somatosensory stimulation (PSS) can promote postural recovery after stroke by increasing afferent input and postural contribution of the paretic leg. Therefore, this systematic review aims to investigate which PSS approaches are documented and investigated on effectiveness. Methods Five databases (PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, Cochrane Library Trials, RehabData) have been searched on clinical studies in stroke rehabilitation, investigating PSS, which is defined as a non-motor and focal stimulation to the paretic leg aiming an increase in somatosensory input...
February 23, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Gunhild Mo Hansen, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Iris Brunner, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen
Background Several predictors have been associated with upper extremity (UE) recovery after stroke, but characteristics that predict shoulder function after constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) have not yet been identified. Objectives To identify predictors associated with satisfactory shoulder function in patients with reduced shoulder function at admission to CIMT. Methods One hundred and seventy five patients were treated using CIMT while in a specialized inpatient hospital. Satisfactory shoulder function was defined according to the functional ability scale of the Wolf Motor Function test...
February 23, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Kimberly Hreha, Glen Gillen, Natalia Noce, Dawn Nilsen
Background Strokes resulting in cognitive and motor problems can be debilitating and prolong recovery. Risk of a second stroke occurs for 40% of all first-time stroke survivors within five years. Prism adaptation treatment (PAT) may simultaneously improve functions of both spatial and motor systems. This has not been studied with a cohort comprised of multiple strokes nor measured change using specific motor outcomes. Objectives To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of using PAT to improve spatial and motor functions in stroke survivors with multiple strokes...
February 19, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Hitoshi Mutai, Tomomi Furukawa, Ayumi Wakabayashi, Akihito Suzuki, Tokiji Hanihara
Background As the population continues to age rapidly, clarifying the factors affecting the prognosis in very elderly stroke patients is essential to enhance the quality of their rehabilitation. Objectives To compare the functional recovery of elderly stroke patients classified into three age groups and to identify the predictors of functional recovery in the very elderly following acute inpatient rehabilitation. Methods Observational study: We collected data on 461 stroke patients in the neurology and neurosurgery ward and classified them into three age groups (65-74, 75-84, and ≥ 85 years)...
February 19, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Katlin Genthe, Christopher Schenck, Steven Eicholtz, Laura Zajac-Cox, Steven Wolf, Trisha M Kesar
Objectives Gait training interventions that target paretic propulsion induce improvements in walking speed and function in individuals post-stroke. Previously, we demonstrated that able-bodied individuals increase propulsion unilaterally when provided real-time biofeedback targeting anterior ground reaction forces (AGRF). The purpose of this study was to, for the first time, investigate short-term effects of real-time AGRF gait biofeedback training on post-stroke gait. Methods Nine individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis (6 females, age = 54 ± 12...
February 19, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Susan M Linder, Anson B Rosenfeldt, Andrew S Bazyk, Mandy Miller Koop, Sarah Ozinga, Jay L Alberts
Background Individuals with stroke present with motor control deficits resulting in the abnormal activation and timing of agonist and antagonist muscles and inefficient movement patterns. The analysis of pedaling biomechanics provides a window into understanding motor control deficits, which vary as a function of workload. Understanding the relationship between workload and motor control is critical when considering exercise prescription during stroke rehabilitation. Objectives To characterize pedaling kinematics and motor control processes under conditions in which workload was systematically increased to an eventual patient-specific maximum...
February 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Sarah Blanton, Sandra Dunbar, Patricia C Clark
Background Family members provide valuable contributions during rehabilitation after stroke, but frequently report higher incidences of burden, depression, and social isolation during caregiving. Thus, effective interventions to reduce stroke impact on the family are needed. Objectives To evaluate the content validity and satisfaction of a caregiver-focused web-based intervention designed to improve stroke survivor physical function while reducing caregiver negative outcomes. Methods Caregivers of individuals with stroke (N = 6) and expert rehabilitation researchers (N = 4) were presented with a novel, web-based intervention (CARE-CITE) designed to foster problem-solving and skill-building while facilitating caregiver involvement during constraint-induced movement therapy...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Takaaki Fujita, Atsushi Sato, Kazuaki Iokawa, Kazuhiro Yamane, Yuichi Yamamoto, Yoko Ohira, Koji Otsuki, Fusae Tozato
Background Dressing performance relates strongly with balance function, and it is mainly influenced by the motor functions of the affected and unaffected lower extremity and trunk function in stroke patients. For the remedial approach to be effective, ascertaining the degree of function needed in the affected and unaffected lower extremities and trunk to achieve balance function requisite for dressing is necessary. Objectives This study aimed to elucidate standards of lower extremity and trunk function necessary for stroke patients to gain balance requisite for dressing...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Hanna C Persson, Helena Selander
Background People after stroke may have residual problems with mobility that can affect their independence and mode of transport. However, there is limited knowledge about transport mobility several years after stroke. Objective The objective was to survey the outdoor mobility and transportation in an urban setting five years post-stroke. Method This cross-sectional study was based on a mail survey focusing on long-term consequences after stroke. The survey comprises a set of self-evaluated questionnaires and was sent to 457 persons, of whom 281 responded (61...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Maria Pais de Carvalho, Daniela Pinto, Melissa Gorayeb, Jorge Jacinto
Background Botulinum toxin type-A (BoNTA) is a recognized treatment for upper limb spasticity (ULS) after stroke, but there aren't many studies analyzing its effect in shoulder muscles. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of BoNTA injections for ULS, when shoulder muscles are included. Methods A cross-sectional study. Data from clinical forms of outpatients, treated at a Rehabilitation Center (2001-2016). Analyzes: goals of treatment; demographic characteristics/goal; treatment success, using Goal Attainment Scaling...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Catherine J VanDerwerker, Ryan E Ross, Katy H Stimpson, Aaron E Embry, Stacey E Aaron, Brian Cence, Mark S George, Chris M Gregory
Objective and importance Residual effects of stroke include well-documented functional limitations and high prevalence of depression. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and aerobic exercise (AEx) are established techniques that improve depressive symptoms, but a combination of the two has yet to be reported. The purpose of this case series is to examine the safety, feasibility, and impact of combined rTMS and AEx on post-stroke depression and functional mobility. Clinical presentation Three participants with a history of stroke and at least mild depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionare-9 ≥5)...
January 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Lina Bunketorp-Käll, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Michael Nilsson, Christian Blomstrand
Purpose The burden of caregiving for stroke survivors is well known, but the effect of late stroke rehabilitation on the life situation of informal caregivers is unknown. Here, we assessed changes in the life situation of informal caregivers of stroke survivors enrolled in a multimodal intervention trial. Methods This controlled study was a questionnaire-based survey accompanying a three-armed randomized controlled trial of 123 stroke survivors. The care recipients of 106 caregivers who chose to participate were assigned to rhythm-and-music-based therapy (R-MT; n = 37), horse-riding therapy (H-RT; n = 37), or delayed intervention (control group, n = 32)...
December 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Renata Morales Banjai, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira de Freitas, Flavia Paiva da Silva, Sandra Regina Alouche
Background Stroke can compromise upper limb performance and influence the individual's participation in real life situations. Objective To investigate how components of body function and activity affect the individuals' self-perception of their participation after stroke. Methods In this observational study, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health was used as model. Body function was assessed by palmar grip and pinch strength; Ashworth modified scale; Fugl-Meyer scale; and Motor-Free Visual Perception Test...
December 10, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Masafumi Nozoe, Masashi Kanai, Hiroki Kubo, Miki Kobayashi, Miho Yamamoto, Shinichi Shimada, Kyoshi Mase
Background Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a life-threatening condition that often leads to severe disability in relatively young and healthy people. This disability is physical in many aSAH survivors, so muscle dysfunction may be an important factor in the functional level of these patients. Thus, measuring muscle thickness represents a suitable method for determining muscle function in patients with acute aSAH, because the disordered consciousness often experienced during the acute phase causes active movement to be difficult for these patients...
December 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Eunice Kar Wing Chan, Qing Shen, Dennis Cordato, Ian Kneebone, Ying-Hua Xu, Daniel Kam Yin Chan
Background Delirium is common after stroke and has significant negative impact on mortality, morbidity, cognitive function, and institutionalization. Despite these known effects, any impact of delirium on the emotional well-being of stroke survivors is unclear. Methods A post hoc analysis was performed on our prospective cohort study of 156 stroke patients. Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale scores were compared between patients with delirium and patients without delirium at 1-month, 6-month, and 12-month post-stroke...
December 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
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