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Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549391/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-for-post-stroke-non-fluent-aphasia-a-critical-review
#1
Arunima Kapoor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for post-stroke non-fluent aphasia through a review of current literature. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase & Scopus) were searched for articles. Relevant studies were further evaluated and studies that met inclusion criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 4713 studies. Thirty-five articles were further evaluated to be included...
May 26, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545344/identification-of-the-components-associated-with-functioning-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-comprehensive-core-set-for-stroke-in-indian-stroke-survivors
#2
Shankar Ganesh, Sidhanjana Mohapatra, Patitapaban Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation interventions are expected to ensure best possible recovery and minimize functional disability in stroke survivors. However, not many studies have investigated patterns of recovery and outcomes after stroke in low-income countries. The objective of this study is to identify the biological, psychological, and social components associated with functioning over time in Indian stroke patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based tools and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545326/erratum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486861/clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-exceeding-target-length-of-stay-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#4
Wesley Lai, Mackenzie Buttineau, Jennifer K Harvey, Rebecca A Pucci, Anna P M Wong, Linda Dell'Erario, Stephanie Bosnyak, Shannon Reid, Nancy M Salbach
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation hospitals post-stroke are classified into rehabilitation patient groups based on age and functional level. Clinical practice guidelines, called quality-based procedures, recommend a target length of stay (LOS) for each group. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to evaluate the extent to which patients post-stroke at an inpatient rehabilitation hospital are meeting LOS targets and to identify patient characteristics that predict exceeding target LOS...
May 9, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482762/power-training-in-chronic-stroke-individuals-differences-between-responders-and-nonresponders
#5
Stacey E Aaron, Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Aaron E Embry, Mark G Bowden, Chris M Gregory
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle weakness is a primary contributor to post-stroke dysfunction. Resistance training is an effective treatment for hemiparetic weakness and improves walking performance. Post-stroke subject characteristics that do or do not improve walking speed following resistance training are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to describe baseline characteristics, as well as responses to training, associated with achieving a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in walking speed (≥0...
May 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476095/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-swallowing-apraxia-and-cortical-excitability-in-stroke-patients
#6
Ying Yuan, Jie Wang, Dongyu Wu, Xiaobo Huang, Weiqun Song
BACKGROUND: Swallowing apraxia is characterized by impaired volitional swallowing but relatively preserved reflexive swallowing. Few studies are available on the effectiveness of behavioral therapy and management of the condition. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on swallowing apraxia and cortical activation in stroke patients. METHODS: The study included three inpatients (age 48-70 years; 1 male, 2 females; duration of stroke, 35-55 d) with post-stroke swallowing apraxia and six age-matched healthy subjects (age 45-65 years; 3 males, 3 females)...
May 5, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472895/the-relationship-between-objective-balance-perceived-sense-of-balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-stroke-patients
#7
Semra Oguz, Ilksan Demirbuken, Bahar Kavlak, Gonul Acar, Saadet Ufuk Yurdalan, Mine Gulden Polat
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between objective balance, fear of falling, and perceived sense of balance (PSB) in stroke patients. METHODS: Seventy patients aged 18-65 years with chronically developed hemiplegia or hemiparesis were enrolled in the study. Patients' objective balance scores, fear of falling, and PSB were obtained using the berg balance scale (BBS), the falls efficacy scale (FES), and a visual analog scale, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460597/boosting-the-traditional-physiotherapist-approach-for-stroke-spasticity-using-a-sensorized-ankle-foot-orthosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Federica Tamburella, Juan C Moreno, Marco Iosa, Iolanda Pisotta, Febo Cincotti, Donatella Mattia, José L Pons, Marco Molinari
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a motor disorder that is commonly treated manually by a physical therapist (PhT) stretching the muscles. Recent data on learning have demonstrated the importance of human-to-human interaction in improving rehabilitation: cooperative motor behavior engages specific areas of the motor system compared with execution of a task alone. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that PhT-guided therapy that involves active collaboration with the patient (Pt) through shared biomechanical visual biofeedback (vBFB) positively impacts learning and performance by the Pt during ankle spasticity treatment...
May 1, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438076/increased-work-and-social-engagement-is-associated-with-increased-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-in-stroke-survivors-at-3%C3%A2-months-and-12-months-post-stroke-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-australian-stroke-cohort
#9
Tamara Tse, Siti Zubaidah Binte Yusoff, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis, Geoffrey Alan Donnan, Leeanne M Carey
BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of longitudinal studies investigating stroke-specific outcomes and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to identify which factors (level of disability, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, physical activity, and work and social engagement) were independently associated with each stroke-specific domain of QOL, adjusting for age and gender, at 3 months and 12 months post-stroke in an Australian cohort. METHOD: Survivors of ischemic stroke were recruited from 18 sites of the STroke imAging pRevention and Treatment (START) longitudinal cohort study...
April 24, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406071/validation-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-function-in-sitting-test-s-fist-to-assess-sitting-balance-in-subacute-post-stroke-adult-patients
#10
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Fernanda Maria Caballero-Gómez, Carmen Cervera-Cuenca, Raúl Moya-Valdés, Pere Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Function in Sitting Test (FIST) is a clinical functional assessment of sitting balance validated in adults with stroke. For a major use of this, the test is recommended to be translated in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: Translate to Spanish the FIST and determine its intra-rater and inter-rater reliabilities and concurrent validity as a measure of sitting balance in adult individuals with stroke. METHODS: The original version was translated into Spanish and was agreed by a team of experts...
April 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399777/post-stroke-hemiparesis-does-chronicity-etiology-and-lesion-side-are-associated-with-gait-pattern
#11
Gabriela Lopes Gama, Coutinho de Lucena Larissa, Ana Carolina de Azevedo Lima Brasileiro, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza Silva, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Álvaro Cavalcanti Maciel, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Studies that evaluate gait rehabilitation programs for individuals with stroke often consider time since stroke of more than six months. In addition, most of these studies do not use lesion etiology or affected cerebral hemisphere as study factors. However, it is unknown whether these factors are associated with post-stroke motor performance after the spontaneous recovery period. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether time since stroke onset, etiology, and lesion side is associated with spatiotemporal and angular gait parameters of individuals with chronic stroke...
April 12, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361604/caregiver-proxy-reliability-of-the-igbo-culture-adapted-maleka-stroke-community-reintegration-measure-a-validation-study
#12
Emmanuel Chiebuka Okoye, Peter Agba Awhen, Christopher Olusanjo Akosile, Fatai Adesina Maruf, Ngozi Iheukwumere, Afamefuna Victor Egwuonwu
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the caregiver-proxy reliability of the Igbo-culture adapted urban version of the Maleka Stroke Community Reintegration Measure (I-MSCRIM). METHODS: This was a validation study involving 74 consenting stroke survivors and their 74 primary informal caregivers consecutively recruited from selected tertiary hospitals in South-East Nigeria (Igboland). The I-MSCRIM was researcher-administered to the participants. Obtained data was analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, range, mean, standard deviation, Spearman rank order correlation, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Intra-class Correlation Coefficient...
March 31, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335701/the-effect-of-a-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-the-sitting-balance-of-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Hyuntae Park, Dong Won Kim
BACKGROUND: The use of a whole-body vibration (WBV) therapy has recently been applied and investigated as a rehabilitation method for subacute stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a WBV therapy on recovery of balance in subacute stroke patients who were unable to gain sitting balance. METHODS: The conventional rehabilitation group (CG) received conventional physical therapy, including sitting balance training by a physical therapist, for 30 min a one session, for twice a day for five days a week for two weeks...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335690/promoting-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-self-management-a-feasibility-study
#14
Elisabeth Preston, Catherine M Dean, Louise Ada, Rosalyn Stanton, Sandy Brauer, Suzanne Kuys, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Many people with mild disability after stroke are physically inactive despite the risk of recurrent stroke. A self-management program may be one strategy to increase physical activity in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of a self-management program, and determine whether self-management can increase daily physical activity levels and self-efficacy for exercise, decrease cardiovascular risk, and improve walking ability, participation, and quality of life in people with mild disability after stroke...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330419/how-does-sex-affect-the-care-dependency-risk-one-year-after-stroke-a-study-based-on-claims-data-from-a-german-health-insurance-fund
#15
Susanne Schnitzer, Johannes Deutschbein, Christian H Nolte, Martin Kohler, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Liane Schenk
OBJECTIVES: The study explores the association between sex and care dependency risk one year after stroke. METHODS: The study uses claims data from a German statutory health insurance fund. Patients were included if they received a diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke between 1 January and 31 December 2007 and if they survived for one year after stroke and were not dependent on care before the event (n = 1851). Data were collected over a one-year period...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327054/effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-motor-recovery-in-the-early-period-after-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#16
Aliye Tosun, Sabiha Türe, Ayhan Askin, Engin Ugur Yardimci, Secil Umit Demirdal, Tülay Kurt Incesu, Ozgur Tosun, Hikmet Kocyigit, Galip Akhan, Fazıl Mustafa Gelal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on upper extremity motor function in patients with acute/subacute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Twenty-five ischemic acute/subacute stroke subjects were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Experimental group 1 received low frequency (LF) rTMS to the primary motor cortex of the unaffected side + physical therapy (PT) including activities to improve strength, flexibility, transfers, posture, balance, coordination, and activities of daily living, mainly focusing on upper limb movements; experimental group 2 received the same protocol combined with NMES to hand extensor muscles; and the control group received only PT...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326897/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-and-health-related-behaviors-among-stroke-survivors-data-from-the-5th-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
Yookyung Lee, Won-Seok Kim, Nam-Jong Paik
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and health-related behaviors are important in primary prevention of stroke and are also recommended for secondary prevention. Gender differences in physical activity and health-related behaviors have been reported in various populations and diseased states but data is lacking on stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparities in physical activity in stroke patients and to investigate possible reasons for such disparities...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322130/motor-recovery-in-post-stroke-patients-with-aphasia-the-role-of-specific-linguistic-abilities
#18
Valeria Ginex, Laura Veronelli, Nicola Vanacore, Eleonora Lacorte, Alessia Monti, Massimo Corbo
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a serious consequence of stroke but aphasics patients have been routinely excluded from participation in some areas of stroke research. OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of specific linguistic and non-verbal cognitive abilities on the short-term motor recovery of patients with aphasia due to first-ever stroke to the left hemisphere after an intensive rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: 48 post-acute aphasic patients, who underwent physiotherapy and speech language therapy, were enrolled for this retrospective cohort-study...
March 21, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317472/psychological-health-of-caregivers-and-association-with-functional-status-of-stroke-patients
#19
Serda Em, Mehtap Bozkurt, Mehmet Caglayan, Figen Ceylan Cevik, Cemal Kaya, Pelin Oktayoglu, Kemal Nas
OBJECTIVE: Stroke does not only affect the physical state of patients but also the emotional state of their relatives, most effectively their caregivers. The study aims to examine the mood of caregivers experienced with care for patients with stroke who are highly dependent on the assistance and also to establish the relationship between the emotional state of caregivers and the severity of disability of the patients. METHODS: This study contained a total of 76 patients with sufficient cognitive functions and severe physical disabilities with hemiplegia caused by a cerebrovascular accident and their caregivers and 94 controls...
March 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251861/skeletal-muscle-changes-following-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-comparison-to-healthy-individuals
#20
Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Chris M Gregory
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive study of the impact of stroke on muscle and functional performance, questions remain regarding the extent to which changes are due to the neurological injury vs. age-related loss of morphology and force production. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize available evidence describing post-stroke changes in lower extremity muscle size and strength compared to healthy adults. METHODS: Scientific literature was searched up to April 2016 to identify studies that included lower extremity muscle size and strength measures in individuals with chronic stroke...
March 2, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
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