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Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701101/validation-of-an-immersive-virtual-reality-system-for-training-near-and-far-space-neglect-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-pilot-study
#1
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Daisuke Muroi, Masahiro Ohira, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is defined as impaired ability to attend and see on one side, and when present, it interferes seriously with daily life. These symptoms can exist for near and far spaces combined or independently, and it is important to provide effective intervention for near and far space neglect. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to propose an immersive virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation program using a head-mounted display that is able to train both near and far space neglect, and to validate the immediate effect of the VR program in both near and far space neglect...
July 12, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693410/staying-married-after-stroke-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-qualitative-study
#2
Sharon Anderson, Norah C Keating, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Marriages are one of the most powerful predictors of health and longevity, yet research in stroke has focused separately on survivors' experience of impairments and how spouses deal with caregiving. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory study was to understand the key themes related to reconstruction or breakdown of marriages after stroke. METHODS: In semi-structured interviews, 18 couples in long-term marriages discussed how their marriages were reconstructed or broke down after one member of the couple returned home after being hospitalized for a stroke...
July 10, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687056/the-efficacy-of-treadmill-training-on-balance-dysfunction-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke-a-systematic-review
#3
Zachary Tally, Laura Boetefuer, Courtney Kauk, Gabriela Perez, Lorraine Schrand, Jeffrey Hoder
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise interventions are useful in facilitating the functional recovery of those with chronic stroke and, routinely, are gait-specific. While treadmill training has proven useful in gait performance recovery post-stroke, its efficacy on balance dysfunction has not been  systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effect of treadmill training (TT) interventions on balance dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke...
July 7, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618848/the-stroke-caregiving-trajectory-in-relation-to-caregiver-depressive-symptoms-burden-and-intervention-outcomes
#4
Rachel Graf, Jennifer LeLaurin, Magda Schmitzberger, I Magaly Freytes, Tatiana Orozco, Stuti Dang, Constance R Uphold
BACKGROUND: Caregiver depression and burden have a detrimental effect on stroke survivors' rehabilitation and are contributors to stroke survivors' hospital readmission and institutionalization. The stroke caregiving trajectory is unique compared to other illnesses, and the effect of length of caregiving on stroke caregiver outcomes is poorly understood. Interventions can improve caregiver outcomes, but the optimal timing of these interventions is unclear. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship between: (1) length of caregiving and stroke caregiver depressive symptoms and burden, and (2) length of caregiving and amount of change in depressive symptoms and burden following the Resources and Education for Stroke Caregivers' Understanding and Empowerment (RESCUE) intervention - an online and telephone problem-solving, education, and support intervention...
June 15, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549391/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-for-post-stroke-non-fluent-aphasia-a-critical-review
#5
Arunima Kapoor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for post-stroke non-fluent aphasia through a review of current literature. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase & Scopus) were searched for articles. Relevant studies were further evaluated and studies that met inclusion criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 4713 studies. Thirty-five articles were further evaluated to be included...
May 26, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545344/identification-of-the-components-associated-with-functioning-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-comprehensive-core-set-for-stroke-in-indian-stroke-survivors
#6
Shankar Ganesh, Sidhanjana Mohapatra, Patitapaban Mohanty, Monalisa Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Mishra
OBJECTIVES: Rehabilitation interventions are expected to ensure best possible recovery and minimize functional disability in stroke survivors. However, not many studies have investigated patterns of recovery and outcomes after stroke in low-income countries. The objective of this study is to identify the biological, psychological, and social components associated with functioning over time in Indian stroke patients using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based tools and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)...
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545326/erratum
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486861/clinical-and-psychosocial-predictors-of-exceeding-target-length-of-stay-during-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
Wesley Lai, Mackenzie Buttineau, Jennifer K Harvey, Rebecca A Pucci, Anna P M Wong, Linda Dell'Erario, Stephanie Bosnyak, Shannon Reid, Nancy M Salbach
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation hospitals post-stroke are classified into rehabilitation patient groups based on age and functional level. Clinical practice guidelines, called quality-based procedures, recommend a target length of stay (LOS) for each group. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to evaluate the extent to which patients post-stroke at an inpatient rehabilitation hospital are meeting LOS targets and to identify patient characteristics that predict exceeding target LOS...
May 9, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482762/power-training-in-chronic-stroke-individuals-differences-between-responders-and-nonresponders
#9
Stacey E Aaron, Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Aaron E Embry, Mark G Bowden, Chris M Gregory
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle weakness is a primary contributor to post-stroke dysfunction. Resistance training is an effective treatment for hemiparetic weakness and improves walking performance. Post-stroke subject characteristics that do or do not improve walking speed following resistance training are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to describe baseline characteristics, as well as responses to training, associated with achieving a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in walking speed (≥0...
May 8, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476095/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-swallowing-apraxia-and-cortical-excitability-in-stroke-patients
#10
Ying Yuan, Jie Wang, Dongyu Wu, Xiaobo Huang, Weiqun Song
BACKGROUND: Swallowing apraxia is characterized by impaired volitional swallowing but relatively preserved reflexive swallowing. Few studies are available on the effectiveness of behavioral therapy and management of the condition. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on swallowing apraxia and cortical activation in stroke patients. METHODS: The study included three inpatients (age 48-70 years; 1 male, 2 females; duration of stroke, 35-55 d) with post-stroke swallowing apraxia and six age-matched healthy subjects (age 45-65 years; 3 males, 3 females)...
May 5, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472895/the-relationship-between-objective-balance-perceived-sense-of-balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-stroke-patients
#11
Semra Oguz, Ilksan Demirbuken, Bahar Kavlak, Gonul Acar, Saadet Ufuk Yurdalan, Mine Gulden Polat
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between objective balance, fear of falling, and perceived sense of balance (PSB) in stroke patients. METHODS: Seventy patients aged 18-65 years with chronically developed hemiplegia or hemiparesis were enrolled in the study. Patients' objective balance scores, fear of falling, and PSB were obtained using the berg balance scale (BBS), the falls efficacy scale (FES), and a visual analog scale, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460597/boosting-the-traditional-physiotherapist-approach-for-stroke-spasticity-using-a-sensorized-ankle-foot-orthosis-a-pilot-study
#12
Federica Tamburella, Juan C Moreno, Marco Iosa, Iolanda Pisotta, Febo Cincotti, Donatella Mattia, José L Pons, Marco Molinari
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a motor disorder that is commonly treated manually by a physical therapist (PhT) stretching the muscles. Recent data on learning have demonstrated the importance of human-to-human interaction in improving rehabilitation: cooperative motor behavior engages specific areas of the motor system compared with execution of a task alone. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that PhT-guided therapy that involves active collaboration with the patient (Pt) through shared biomechanical visual biofeedback (vBFB) positively impacts learning and performance by the Pt during ankle spasticity treatment...
May 1, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438076/increased-work-and-social-engagement-is-associated-with-increased-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-in-stroke-survivors-at-3%C3%A2-months-and-12-months-post-stroke-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-australian-stroke-cohort
#13
Tamara Tse, Siti Zubaidah Binte Yusoff, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis, Geoffrey Alan Donnan, Leeanne M Carey
BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of longitudinal studies investigating stroke-specific outcomes and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to identify which factors (level of disability, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, physical activity, and work and social engagement) were independently associated with each stroke-specific domain of QOL, adjusting for age and gender, at 3 months and 12 months post-stroke in an Australian cohort. METHOD: Survivors of ischemic stroke were recruited from 18 sites of the STroke imAging pRevention and Treatment (START) longitudinal cohort study...
April 24, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191861/the-effect-of-self-management-education-following-mild-stroke-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Timothy J Wolf, Meredith J Spiers, Meghan Doherty, Emily V Leary
BACKGROUND: Mild stroke comprises 53% of stroke hospital admissions; however, the majority of those with mild stroke patients receive little support to address chronic symptoms following stroke. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effect of the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) for use with individuals immediately post mild-stroke. METHODS: Single-blind, exploratory, randomized controlled trial with participants who sustained a mild stroke (NIHSS <6)...
July 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915583/the-six-minute-walk-test-predicts-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-individuals-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#15
Wouter J Harmsen, Gerard M Ribbers, Jorrit Slaman, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Sebastiaan J C M M Neggers, Rita J van den Berg-Emons
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) established during progressive cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the "gold-standard" for cardiorespiratory fitness. However, CPET measurements may be limited in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) by disease-related complaints, such as cardiovascular health-risks or anxiety. Furthermore, CPET with gas-exchange analyses require specialized knowledge and infrastructure with limited availability in most rehabilitation facilities...
May 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796177/effects-of-virtual-reality-for-stroke-individuals-based-on-the-international-classification-of-functioning-and-health-a-systematic-review
#16
Gisele Carla Dos Santos Palma, Tatiana Beline Freitas, Giordano Márcio Gatinho Bonuzzi, Marcos Antonio Arlindo Soares, Paulo Henrique Wong Leite, Natália Araújo Mazzini, Murilo Ruas Groschitz Almeida, José Eduardo Pompeu, Camila Torriani-Pasin
OBJECTIVE: This review determines the effects of virtual reality interventions for stroke subjects based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability,and Health (ICF) framework. Virtual reality is a promising tool for therapy for stroke rehabilitation, but the effects of virtual reality interventions on post-stroke patients based on the specific ICF domains (Body Structures, Body Functions, Activity, and Participation) have not been investigated. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted, including trials with adults with a clinical diagnosis of a chronic, subacute, or acute stroke...
May 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406071/validation-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-function-in-sitting-test-s-fist-to-assess-sitting-balance-in-subacute-post-stroke-adult-patients
#17
Rosa Cabanas-Valdés, Caritat Bagur-Calafat, Fernanda Maria Caballero-Gómez, Carmen Cervera-Cuenca, Raúl Moya-Valdés, Pere Ramón Rodríguez-Rubio, Gerard Urrútia
BACKGROUND: Function in Sitting Test (FIST) is a clinical functional assessment of sitting balance validated in adults with stroke. For a major use of this, the test is recommended to be translated in Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVES: Translate to Spanish the FIST and determine its intra-rater and inter-rater reliabilities and concurrent validity as a measure of sitting balance in adult individuals with stroke. METHODS: The original version was translated into Spanish and was agreed by a team of experts...
April 13, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399777/post-stroke-hemiparesis-does-chronicity-etiology-and-lesion-side-are-associated-with-gait-pattern
#18
Gabriela Lopes Gama, Coutinho de Lucena Larissa, Ana Carolina de Azevedo Lima Brasileiro, Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza Silva, Élida Rayanne Viana Pinheiro Galvão, Álvaro Cavalcanti Maciel, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
BACKGROUND: Studies that evaluate gait rehabilitation programs for individuals with stroke often consider time since stroke of more than six months. In addition, most of these studies do not use lesion etiology or affected cerebral hemisphere as study factors. However, it is unknown whether these factors are associated with post-stroke motor performance after the spontaneous recovery period. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether time since stroke onset, etiology, and lesion side is associated with spatiotemporal and angular gait parameters of individuals with chronic stroke...
April 12, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361604/caregiver-proxy-reliability-of-the-igbo-culture-adapted-maleka-stroke-community-reintegration-measure-a-validation-study
#19
Emmanuel Chiebuka Okoye, Peter Agba Awhen, Christopher Olusanjo Akosile, Fatai Adesina Maruf, Ngozi Iheukwumere, Afamefuna Victor Egwuonwu
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the caregiver-proxy reliability of the Igbo-culture adapted urban version of the Maleka Stroke Community Reintegration Measure (I-MSCRIM). METHODS: This was a validation study involving 74 consenting stroke survivors and their 74 primary informal caregivers consecutively recruited from selected tertiary hospitals in South-East Nigeria (Igboland). The I-MSCRIM was researcher-administered to the participants. Obtained data was analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, range, mean, standard deviation, Spearman rank order correlation, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Intra-class Correlation Coefficient...
March 31, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335701/the-effect-of-a-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-the-sitting-balance-of-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Hyuntae Park, Dong Won Kim
BACKGROUND: The use of a whole-body vibration (WBV) therapy has recently been applied and investigated as a rehabilitation method for subacute stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a WBV therapy on recovery of balance in subacute stroke patients who were unable to gain sitting balance. METHODS: The conventional rehabilitation group (CG) received conventional physical therapy, including sitting balance training by a physical therapist, for 30 min a one session, for twice a day for five days a week for two weeks...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
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