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Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse

Lynn Hernandez, Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Hannah Graves, Thomas H Chun, William Lewander, Anthony Spirito
The current study examined associations between substance use and depressed mood by gender and type of substance used (no use, alcohol, marijuana or both alcohol and marijuana) in a sample of 713 adolescents (Mage = 15.3) recruited from a Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). Adolescents who reported any marijuana use had higher overall depressed mood scores compared to all other adolescents. When examined by gender, females with both alcohol and marijuana use reported the highest overall depressed mood symptoms...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lindsay M Squeglia, Whitney A Brammer, Lara A Ray, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: Positive alcohol expectancies and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are independent risk factors for adolescent alcohol problems and substance use disorders. However, the association of early ADHD diagnostic status, as well as its separate dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity, with alcohol expectancies is essentially unknown. METHOD: At baseline (i.e., Wave 1), parents of 139 6-to 9-year-old children (71% male) with (N = 77; 55%) and without (N = 62; 45%) ADHD completed structured diagnostic interviews of child psychopathology...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lisa A Melander, Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
Substance use among homeless young people is a pervasive problem, and there have been many efforts to understand more about the dynamics of this health compromising behavior. The current study examined perceived substance use norms within homeless youths' social networks utilizing in-depth interviews. The sample included 19 homeless individuals aged 16 to 21. Four elements of substance use within networks emerged: substance use choices, drug use safety issues, encouragement and/or discouragement, and appropriate situations in which substance use is condoned...
January 2, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Jordan P Davis, Emily A Lux, Douglas C Smith, Leah Cleeland
: Evidence suggests that vulnerable populations such as substance users, those involved in the criminal justice system, and those with cognitive deficits often fail to recall information regarding the informed assent process. This study investigated correlates of assent quiz errors (AQE) among adolescents enrolling in a substance use disorder treatment study. METHOD: Adolescents (age 13-19) entering substance use treatment completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in a longitudinal research study, followed by a brief 6-item assent quiz...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, James Schmeidler, Jennifer Wareham, Rhissa Briones-Robinson, Ken C Winters, Rocio Ungaro
The issue of delinquency among truant youth is insufficiently documented in the literature. There is a need to elucidate this issue, and assess the efficacy of interventions to reduce this problem behavior. The present, NIDA-funded study addressed this gap by examining the impact of a Brief Intervention (BI), originally designed to address youth substance use, on their delinquent behavior over an 18-month follow-up period (for self-reported delinquency) and a 24-month follow-up period (for official record delinquency)...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Maria E Pagano, Shanna E Swaringen, Scott H Frank
Although 12-step literature posits inconsiderate behaviors to characterize alcoholics and addicts, there is little data to support this association among adolescent populations. Using a matched-pair study design with 579 youth aged 14-18 (52% female, 30% minority), a significant, dose-response relationship was found between greater alcohol and drug use severity and increased likelihood of driving under the influence, having unprotected sex with and without a history of sexually transmitted incidence, and low volunteerism among boys...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Cara C Tomaso, Byron L Zamboanga, Amie L Haas, Shannon R Kenney, Lindsay S Ham, Brian Borsari
Drinking games and prepartying (i.e., drinking before going to a social gathering/event) have emerged as high-risk drinking behaviors in high school students. The present study examines the current prepartying behaviors of high school students who report current participation in extreme consumption games (e.g., Chugging) with those who do not. High school students (N=182) reporting current drinking games participation completed anonymous surveys. Gamers who prepartied frequently (vs. those who did not) were approximately 1...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Michael Siegel, Ashley Galloway, Craig S Ross, Jane Binakonsky, David H Jernigan
We sought, for the first time, to identify the extent of jello shot consumption among underage youth. We conducted a study among a national sample of 1,031 youth, aged 13 to 20, using a pre-recruited internet panel maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks to assess past 30-day consumption of jello shots. Nearly one-fifth of underage youth have consumed jello shots in the past 30 days and jello shots make up an average of nearly 20% of their overall alcohol intake. Jello shot users in our sample were approximately 1...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Jordan M Braciszewski, Robert L Stout, Golfo K Tzilos, Roland S Moore, Beth C Bock, Patricia Chamberlain
With an ever increasing gap between need and availability for substance use services, more scalable and efficient interventions are needed. For youth in the foster care system, this gap is dramatic and expands as they leave care. Effective prevention services are strongly needed for this group of vulnerable young people. We propose a novel technology-driven intervention for preventing problematic substance use among youth receiving foster care services. This intervention approach would extend the work in brief computerized interventions by adding a text message-based booster, dynamically tailored to each individual's readiness to change...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Rhissa Briones Robinson, Rocío Ungaro, Ken C Winters, Lora Karas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Paula J Fite, Joy Gabrielli, John L Cooley, Sonia L Rubens, Casey A Pederson, Eric M Vernberg
This study examined associations between physical and relational forms of aggression and victimization and risk for willingness to engage in substance use and actual use in a sample of 231 (50% Male) 2(nd) thru 4(th) grade students (Mean age = 8.3 years). Physical aggression was more strongly associated with risk for substance use outcomes than physical victimization. Neither relational aggression nor victimization were linked to risk for substance use. Specifically targeting physical aggression for the prevention of early substance use among elementary school-age youth appears to be warranted...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Rhissa Briones Robinson, Kimberly Barrett, Ken C Winters, Rocío Ungaro, Lora Karas, Steven Belenko, Jennifer Wareham
Few studies investigating the validity of marijuana use have used samples of truant youth. In the current study, self-reports of marijuana use are compared with urine test results for marijuana to identify marijuana underreporting among adolescents participating in a longitudinal Brief Intervention for drug-involved truant youth. It was hypothesized that marijuana underreporting would be associated with alcohol underreporting and engaging in sexual risk behaviors. The results indicated marijuana underreporting was significantly associated with self-denial of alcohol use, but not associated with sexual risk behavior...
November 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Anthony Spirito, Lynn Hernandez, Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Hannah Graves, Valerie S Knopik, Nancy Barnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Rhissa Briones-Robinson, Kimberly Barrett, Ken C Winters, Rocio Ungaro, Lora M Karas, Steven Belenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Marcos J Martinez, Stephanie L Ayers, Stephen Kulis, Eddie Brown
Peer, parent, and grandparent norms may be a protective factor for American Indian (AI) youth intentions to use substances, but little research has explored these influences on urban AI youth. Using OLS regression, a secondary data analysis examined the relationship between peer, parent and grandparent substance use norms, and intentions to use substances (N = 148). Findings indicated that grandparent and peer norms were the strongest predictors of intentions to use substances. Implications of these results include the need for concerted, culturally focused efforts that address AI youth substance use by targeting AI peer and family networks...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly C Kirby
Parents experience a variety of challenges when they are confronted with the fact that their adolescent child is drinking alcohol or using other substances. This special issue is focused on the work being conducted at the NIDA-funded Parents Translational Research Center (PTRC) at the Treatment Research Institute in Philadelphia. By translating scientific evidence and elements of proven clinical interventions into practical tools for parents, the work of the PTRC aims to assist parents with assistance in intervening early, finding appropriate services and facilitating treatment entry for their substance-using child...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Kimberly C Kirby, Brian Versek, MaryLouise E Kerwin, Kathleen Meyers, Lois A Benishek, Elena Bresani, Yukiko Washio, Amelia Arria, Robert J Meyers
We describe a project focused on training parents to facilitate their treatment-resistant adolescent's treatment entry and to manage their child after entry into community-based treatment. Controlled studies show that Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) is a unilateral treatment that fosters treatment entry of adults; however, there are no controlled trials for parents with a substance-abusing child. We examined the behavioral parent training literature to guide us in tailoring CRAFT for parents of adolescents...
May 4, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Shayna Soenksen, L A R Stein, Joanna D Brown, JoAnn R Stengel, Joseph S Rossi, Rebecca Lebeau
Rates of marijuana use among detained youths are exceptionally high. Research suggests a cannabis withdrawal syndrome is valid and clinically significant; however, these studies have mostly been conducted in highly controlled laboratory settings with treatment-seeking, White adults. The present study analyzed archival data to explore the magnitude of cannabis withdrawal symptoms within a diverse sample of detained adolescents while controlling for tobacco use and investigating the impact of race on symptom reports...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Kenneth W Griffin, Sarah R Lowe, Bianca P Acevedo, Gilbert J Botvin
This study explored the relationship between trajectories of affective self-regulation skills during secondary school and young adult substance use in a large multi-ethnic, urban sample (N = 995). During secondary school, participants completed a measure of cognitive and behavioral skills used to control negative, unpleasant emotions or perceived stress. As young adults, participants reported on the frequency and quantity of their alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in a telephone interview. Controlling for demographic variables, self-regulation did not significantly change over adolescence, although there was significant variation in participants' rates of growth and decline...
2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Brittany Landrum, Danica K Knight, Jennifer E Becan, Patrick M Flynn
Increasing motivation and raising retention rates are considerable challenges for providers of adolescent substance abuse treatment. Research has shown that motivation for treatment, social influences (peers, family, counselors), and for some clients external pressure from the juvenile justice system, can serve as key factors in successful retention. To further understand influences on motivation and retention, focus groups were conducted in two residential treatment facilities. Adolescent clients, parents, and treatment staff were asked to describe their experiences with the treatment process focusing specifically on factors related to treatment attrition and retention...
2015: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
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