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Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse

Charlotte Lyn Bright, Paul Sacco, Karen M Kolivoski, Laura M Stapleton, Hyun-Jin Jun, Darnell Morris-Compton
This study explores gender-specific patterns and transitions of adolescent substance use and delinquency in a sample of youths at ages 12, 15, and 18 (N = 803). Latent transition analysis identified "Primary Delinquent," "Delinquency and Substance Use," and "Low Risk" classes. Females were less likely to be in the "Primary Delinquent" class at age 12 than males. From 15 to 18, females were approximately equally likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to both other classes, whereas males were more likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to "Delinquency and Substance Use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Sarah M Bagley, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Julie Krupa, Jennifer Wareham, James Schmeidler, Ralph J DiClemente
Truant youth are likely to engage in a number of problem behaviors, including sexual risky behaviors. Previous research involving non-truant youth has found sexual risk behaviors to be related to marijuana use and depression, with differential effects for male and female youth. Using data collected in a NIDA funded, prospective intervention project, results are reported of a male-female, multi-group, longitudinal analysis of the relationships among truant youth baseline sexual risk behavior, marijuana use, and depression, and their sexual risk behavior over four follow-up time points...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lynn Hernandez, Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Hannah Graves, Thomas H Chun, William Lewander, Anthony Spirito
The current study examined associations between substance use and depressed mood by gender and type of substance used (no use, alcohol, marijuana or both alcohol and marijuana) in a sample of 713 adolescents (Mage = 15.3) recruited from a Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). Adolescents who reported any marijuana use had higher overall depressed mood scores compared to all other adolescents. When examined by gender, females with both alcohol and marijuana use reported the highest overall depressed mood symptoms...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lindsay M Squeglia, Whitney A Brammer, Lara A Ray, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: Positive alcohol expectancies and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are independent risk factors for adolescent alcohol problems and substance use disorders. However, the association of early ADHD diagnostic status, as well as its separate dimensions of inattention and hyperactivity, with alcohol expectancies is essentially unknown. METHOD: At baseline (i.e., Wave 1), parents of 139 6-to 9-year-old children (71% male) with (N = 77; 55%) and without (N = 62; 45%) ADHD completed structured diagnostic interviews of child psychopathology...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Lisa A Melander, Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
Substance use among homeless young people is a pervasive problem, and there have been many efforts to understand more about the dynamics of this health compromising behavior. The current study examined perceived substance use norms within homeless youths' social networks utilizing in-depth interviews. The sample included 19 homeless individuals aged 16 to 21. Four elements of substance use within networks emerged: substance use choices, drug use safety issues, encouragement and/or discouragement, and appropriate situations in which substance use is condoned...
January 2, 2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Joel Epstein, Jeffrey Noel, Megan Finnegan, Kate Watkins
Researchers have developed many different computerized interventions designed to teach students about the dangers of substance use. Following in this tradition, we produced a series of video games called Bacon Brains. However, unlike many other programs, ours focused on the "Science of Addiction," providing lessons on how alcohol and other drugs affect the brain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our games in teaching students our science-based curriculum. We enrolled over 200 students and randomly assigned them to play our games or a different series of NIDA-produced games...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Yvonne M Chasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Kelly Serafini, Michael J Toohey, Brian D Kiluk, Kathleen M Carroll
Anger is a common affective experience, yet it is relatively understudied in the substance use treatment literature. This study explored anger as a predictor of treatment outcomes in a large sample of adolescents. Data were extracted from the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study for Adolescents (DATOS-A). An anger profile was created based on adolescents' pre-treatment responses to four items assessing history of temper outbursts and aggression. Individuals were classified as High Anger (n = 506) and Normal/Low Anger (n = 2,326) based on their pattern of responses to these items...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
David S Festinger, Karen L Dugosh, Nicolle Clements, Anna B Flynn, Mathea Falco, A Thomas McLellan, Amelia M Arria
Nonmedical use of prescription drugs is common and poses risks such as injury, overdose, and development of abuse and dependence. Internet pharmacies offer prescription drugs without a prescription, creating a source of illicit drugs accessible to anyone with an Internet connection. We examined this issue in a convenience sample of 1,860 adolescents and young adults from 24 residential and outpatient treatment programs. Few individuals obtained drugs from the Internet (n = 26, 2.3%). Pain relievers were the most frequently purchased type of drug...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Briana A Woods-Jaeger, Richard H Nobles, Linnea Warren, Mary E Larimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Christopher J Hammond, Kevin M Gray
Despite recent advances in psychosocial treatments targeting adolescent substance use disorders (SUD), effect sizes generally remain small to modest, and few treatment-enrolled youth achieve sustained abstinence. Among adults, SUD-targeted pharmacotherapies have emerged as viable options to complement psychosocial treatments and enhance outcomes. Developmental differences exist in pharmacodynamics and treatment-response, and comparatively little research has focused on SUD-targeted pharmacotherapies for youth...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, Jennifer Wareham, James Schmeidler, Ken C Winters
Based on problem-behavior theory (Jessor & Jessor, 1977), a second-order problem behavior model of delinquency, marijuana use, and risky sexual behavior over five waves was estimated among truant adolescents. The study also investigated the influence of the problem factor on future arrest charges and the effect of socio-demographics on problem behavior and future crime. Results confirm the existence of a second-order latent factor of problem behaviors. Problem behaviors predicted more future arrest charges...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Ali M Yurasek, Leslie A Robinson, Gilbert Parra
Few adolescent smoking cessation programs have been able to match the success rate found in adult programs. The current study identified smoking cessation strategies used by adolescents and whether strategies differed as a function of ethnic, gender, or individual smoking-level. Participants were 136 high school students who made an attempt to quit or reduce their smoking. Logistic regressions revealed that individuals making an actual quit attempt and African American adolescents used cessation strategies presumed to be more effective...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Zachary W Adams, Jenna L McCauley, Sudie E Back, Julianne C Flanagan, Rochelle F Hanson, Therese K Killeen, Carla Kmett Danielson
Clinicians (n=138) who treat adolescents with co-occurring posttraumatic stress and substance use disorders (PTSD+SUD) were surveyed about their attitudes and practice behaviors. Most providers were trained in PTSD treatment; fewer were trained in SUD or PTSD+SUD treatments. PTSD+SUD treatment was rated more difficult than treatment of other diagnoses. Providers typically addressed symptoms of PTSD and SUD separately and sequentially, rather than with integrated approaches. There was no consensus about which clinical strategies to use with adolescent PTSD+SUD...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
S Lynne Rich, Janet K Wilson, Angela A Robertson
This study examines the impact of abuse trauma (physical and sexual) on alcohol and drug use of high-risk girls (12-18 years of age) who were surveyed within the first two weeks of their incarceration. One-way ANOVA analyses and Tukey post-hoc tests indicate physical abuse with a weapon was associated with higher marijuana use and number of drugs used. Sexual abuse, especially within the past year increased marijuana use, alcohol use, number of drugs used, and alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems. Policy implications reflect the need for treatment protocols within substance abuse programs to address abuse trauma, particularly, forced sex which has occurred within the last year...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Jordan P Davis, Emily A Lux, Douglas C Smith, Leah Cleeland
Evidence suggests that vulnerable populations such as substance users, those involved in the criminal justice system, and those with cognitive deficits often fail to recall information regarding the informed assent process. This study investigated correlates of assent quiz errors (AQE) among adolescents enrolling in a substance use disorder treatment study. METHOD: Adolescents (age 13-19) entering substance use treatment completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in a longitudinal research study, followed by a brief 6-item assent quiz...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Richard Dembo, James Schmeidler, Jennifer Wareham, Rhissa Briones-Robinson, Ken C Winters, Rocio Ungaro
The issue of delinquency among truant youth is insufficiently documented in the literature. There is a need to elucidate this issue, and assess the efficacy of interventions to reduce this problem behavior. The present, NIDA-funded study addressed this gap by examining the impact of a Brief Intervention (BI), originally designed to address youth substance use, on their delinquent behavior over an 18-month follow-up period (for self-reported delinquency) and a 24-month follow-up period (for official record delinquency)...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Maria E Pagano, Shanna E Swaringen, Scott H Frank
Although 12-step literature posits inconsiderate behaviors to characterize alcoholics and addicts, there is little data to support this association among adolescent populations. Using a matched-pair study design with 579 youth aged 14-18 (52% female, 30% minority), a significant, dose-response relationship was found between greater alcohol and drug use severity and increased likelihood of driving under the influence, having unprotected sex with and without a history of sexually transmitted incidence, and low volunteerism among boys...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Cara C Tomaso, Byron L Zamboanga, Amie L Haas, Shannon R Kenney, Lindsay S Ham, Brian Borsari
Drinking games and prepartying (i.e., drinking before going to a social gathering/event) have emerged as high-risk drinking behaviors in high school students. The present study examines the current prepartying behaviors of high school students who report current participation in extreme consumption games (e.g., Chugging) with those who do not. High school students (N=182) reporting current drinking games participation completed anonymous surveys. Gamers who prepartied frequently (vs. those who did not) were approximately 1...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
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