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Journal of Cultural Diversity

Christine Salvucci, Carolyn A Lawless
The purpose of this study was to identify perceptions of nursing faculty on the barriers to recruitment, hiring, and retention of minority nursing faculty who are Black/African-American, and Hispanic/Latina (o) in order to understand the current dynamics limiting the representation of these two minority groups in nursing education. The design was a descriptive, comparative design, using an online survey. A multi-stage sampling method selected 667 nursing faculty from 56 colleges, resulting in a final sample size of 103 (15...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Chiu-Yin Wong, John Indiatsi, Gary K W Wong
The present case study examined English as a second language (ESL) teacher candidates' views on their preparedness on instructing culturally and linguistically diverse students. A survey was administrated to a group of ESL teacher candidates at the end of the training program. Results revealed that although the participants received training in culture and instructional strategies, lacking adequate knowledge in students' diverse cultures and languages was reported as a major challenge. Personality traits and knowing specific strategies are reported as their strengths...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Jalelah Abdul-Raheem
There is a need for minority faculty in higher education due to the increase in minority high school graduates and higher education enrollees. Faculty members who are tenured have the ability to advocate for cultural equality in their institutions and serve as mentors for students. Minority faculty whose tenured process is hindered by inequality may also be unable to become a proper mentor for minority students. The purpose of this paper is to identify why faculty diversity will lead to increased student success and comfort, minority mentors, minority research, and equity advocacy, and representation from all minority groups...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Adele Vukic, Audrey Steenbeek, Josephine Muxlow
Increased representation of the Black population in the health care system is central to decrease health disparities, enhance access to services, and improve health outcomes and quality of care. Current strategies for recruitment and retention of the Black population in higher education in the health fields are explored. The added value of mentorship programs are presented as a promising approach for addressing the high rates of attrition of the Black population in health professional education institutions...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Judy Neubrander, Sharon E Metcalfe
This article will review one school's quest to address the multi-level social, historical, environmental and structural determinants faced by under-represented ethnic minorities (UREM) and disadvantaged background (DB) students as they seek entrance into a nursing program. Nursing Network Careers and Technology (NN-CAT) provides a nursing career network for underrepresented and disadvantaged students in western North Carolina and has increased the number of underrepresented and disadvantaged students who are admitted, retained and graduate with a bachelor's degree in nursing from Western Carolina University...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Denise K Ferrell, Susan K DeCrane
BACKGROUND: Success of minority students in higher education is an issue of great relevance today, as the changing United States demographic necessitates that programs in higher education afford success across cultural groups. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine thematic concepts of academic success as perceived by current nursing students in 2 entry-level nursing programs, and to propose a theoretical model to maximize the success of minority students...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Rebecca Dover Wilson, Nadia Elgoghail
BACKGROUND: The transition from a traditional West African diet and lifestyle to a modern diet has a significant impact on health and the risk of chronic disease. OBJECTIVE: To implement a health education program for West African immigrants in the U.S. to address health risks associated with the modern diet. METHODS: A health education program model targeted at West African immigrants in the Bronx was determined based on existing health education programs with educational materials, group education sessions, and targeted individual counseling...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Tracey Long
One method of gaining knowledge, skills and experience with different cultures for nurses and nursing students is through an international immersion experience with training in language, culture and community nursing. This study is a qualitative and quantitative measurement of the influence of a two-week service learning medical experience on a student-nursing group who traveled abroad to Belize, Central America.
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Melissa K Filippi, David G Perdue, Christina Hester, Angelia Cully, Lance Cully, K Allen Greiner, Christine M Daley
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality. Effective prevention and early detection may be achieved through screening, but screening rates are low, especially in American Indian (AI) populations. We wanted to understand perceptions of CRC screening among AI located in the Great Lakes region. Focus groups were recorded and transcribed verbatim (N = 45). Data were analyzed using qualitative text analysis. Themes that deterred CRC screening were low CRC knowledge, fear of the procedure and results, cost and transportation issues, and a lack of quality and competent care...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Eunjung Kim, Seunghye Hong, Camille Mariko Rockett
This study aimed to explore the perceptions of Korean American parents on effective parenting strategies taught in a standardized U.S. parenting program. Participants in the study were interviewed using semi-structured open-ended questions, and audio taped interview data were transcribed and analyzed using content analysis. Themes that emerged were: effective parenting strategies, impact of learning effective parenting strategies on parents, and learning effective parenting strategies: impact on children. Findings indicated that Korean American parents felt the program was based on Western parenting strategies but they were effective...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Denise K Ferrell, Susan K DeCrane, Nancy Edwards, Karen J Foli, Kathleen F Tennant
BACKGROUND: Minority providers are more likely to practice in underserved areas with minority populations. Currently the representation of minorities in healthcare professions is less than that of the United States population. More research is needed to examine specific variables associated with educational success of minority students. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine, and increase the understanding of, current factors that influence success among ethnic and minority nursing students...
2016: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Predrag Miskin, Eric Matthews, Lisa A Wallace, Sylvia Fox
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of perceived cultural self-efficacy of senior students in second-degree pre-licensure nursing programs in the provision of culturally appropriate care to immigrants. The study employed a quantitative, non-experimental design with survey methodology. The convenience sample consisted of 117 senior students enrolled in accelerated bachelor of sciences in nursing and entry levels master of sciences programs. The study used Bernal and Froman's Cultural Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES)...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Leslie B Glickman, Josephine Olsen, Virginia Rowthorn
BACKGROUND: Cultural competency skills for health and human services providers is important because of the growing diverse populous. Experiential learning through global immersion may promote these skills. METHODS: Using a non-randomized cohort design, there were two groups of unmatched graduate students. One reviewed an online educational module and participated in campus activities and an experience in Malawi; the other reviewed the module only. The students were assessed pre- and post-immersion using a measure of cross-cultural adaptability, a component of cultural competency skills...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Lorrie C Wong, Malia Ribeiro, Mirella Vasquez-Brooks, Dominic Estrella, Chen-Yen Wang, Richard Arakaki, Jillian Inouye
The objective of the study was to evaluate strategies and barriers to recruiting Asians and Pacific Islanders (API) with type 2 diabetes, into clinical trials. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were utilized to analyze reasons for non-participation. A "talk story" interview method was employed to recruit participants and uncover reasons for non-participation. A total of 1891 potential participants were identified and 340 declined participation. Eighty who declined were randomly selected to provide their reasons for non-participation...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Jennifer Volberding
This study sought to determine factors that influence an undergraduate athletic training student's (ATS) level of cultural competence (CC). Utilizing a CC score derived from a student survey, one-way ANOVAs to identify differences in CC scores by gender, race, and year in school and three separate correlation analyses (all students, Caucasian Students, Students of Color) to identify the relationship between CC and variables were performed. Only eight variables in the Students of Color model were significant...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Rosanna F DeMarco, Cindy Cao
PURPOSE: A four-week interdisciplinary student/faculty research project in Vietnam served as a focused experience in understanding Vietnamese healthcare structures, functions, outcomes. DESIGN: Testing the validity and feasibility of a successful US HIV intervention program called Women's Voices Women's LivesĀ© using group and individual interviews. FINDINGS: Healthcare inequities and poverty were found to paralyze individual, family, and community mobilization in HIV testing while stigma is a key barrier to both testing and care seeking...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Jean Spann Anthony, April Johnson, John Schafer
UNLABELLED: Nearly 40% of African Americans use clergy as their primary source of help with depression. However, less than half of African American clergy are trained in counseling. OBJECTIVES: 1) to examine how African American cler recognize depression and 2) identify what they need to more effectively identify and address depression in their congregants. DESIGN: This was a descriptive, quantitative study using a Personal Profile Questionnaire and a Mental Health Counseling Survey...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Nerfis Sanchez Elminowski
The results of a needs assessment showed that nurse practitioners want additional education on culture and related concepts. Subsequently, a 3-hour cultural education workshop was developed to address this need. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact and effectiveness of a cultural education workshop on the participant's cultural knowledge and cultural competency resulting from the application of that knowledge. Eighteen nurse practitioners and 45 graduate students participated in the study. The results of the study revealed that the cultural awareness workshop had a positive effect on the participants' cultural knowledge and cultural competence...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Reimund C Serafica, Clementina D Ceria-Ulep, Susan H Lane
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among the variables of the dietary consumption and the anthropometric measurements of Filipino Americans (FAs). The study sample consisted of 128 participants residing in the US who completed two questionnaires and biometric measurements. Strong positive correlations between the consumption of fat and sugar and body mass index (BM) among the participants were found. In contrast, the correlations between the consumption of fruits and vegetables and BMI were strongly negative...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Lu Tang, Lisa M Mieskowski, JoAnn S Oliver, Morgan K Eichorst, Rebecca S Allen
Obstacles that prevent rural African Americans (AAs) from regularly engaging in cancer screening were explored, and a theoretical approach was formulated utilizing social networks as a culturally sensitive form of health promotion. Disparities in cancer morbidity and mortality continue to exist between AAs and Caucasians in the United States. Often rural dwellers are further disadvantaged because of a potential lack of medical and financial resources and low health literacy. Social networks provide an existing framework where health concerns are discussed and health interventions in cancer screening can strengthen or encourage relevant health behaviors in rural AAs and other disadvantaged populations...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
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