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Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899515/the-water-extract-of-liuwei-dihuang-possesses-multi-protective-properties-on-neurons-and-muscle-tissue-against-deficiency-of-survival-motor-neuron-protein
#1
Yu-Ting Tseng, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Wei-Fang Liang, Fang-Rong Chang, Yi-Ching Lo
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of survival motor neuron (SMN) protein, which is encoded by the SMN1 and SMN2 genes, induces widespread splicing defects mainly in spinal motor neurons, and leads to spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Currently, there is no effective treatment for SMA. Liuwei dihuang (LWDH), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, possesses multiple therapeutic benefits against various diseases via modulation of the nervous, immune and endocrine systems. Previously, we demonstrated water extract of LWDH (LWDH-WE) protects dopaminergic neurons and improves motor activity in models of Parkinson's disease...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899514/citral-a-monoterpenoid-aldehyde-interacts-synergistically-with-norfloxacin-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#2
Priyanka Gupta, Dinesh Kumar Patel, Vivek Kumar Gupta, Anirban Pal, Sudeep Tandon, M P Darokar
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (SA), is a major human pathogen causing wide range of clinical infections, which has been further complicated by drug resistance like methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), vancomycin intermediate S. aureus (VISA)/vancomycin resistant S. aureus (VRSA), etc. The present study was aimed at determining anti-staphylococcal potential of citral against drug resistant clinical isolates alone and in combination with antibiotics. PURPOSE: To assess the potential of citral in combination with norfloxacin in treating drug resistant infections of SA...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899513/mechanisms-underlying-the-wound-healing-potential-of-propolis-based-on-its-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity
#3
Xue-Ping Cao, Yi-Fan Chen, Jiang-Lin Zhang, Meng-Meng You, Kai Wang, Fu-Liang Hu
BACKGROUND: Propolis is a resinous substance collected by honeybees, Apis mellifera, from various plant sources. Having various pharmacological and biological activities, it has been used in folk medicine and complementary therapies since ancient times. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects and underlying mechanism of the protective effects of the ethanol extract of Chinese propolis (EECP) on L929 cells injured by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). STUDY DESIGN: The wound healing activities of EECP in L929 cells with H2O2-induced damage were investigated...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899512/nepeta-deflersiana-attenuates-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-injuries-in-rats-possible-involvement-of-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-inflammation-through-nuclear-factor-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-downregulation
#4
Areej Mohammad Al-Taweel, Mohammad Raish, Shagufta Perveen, Ghada Ahmed Fawzy, Ajaz Ahmad, Mushtaq Ahmad Ansari, Shahid Mudassar, Majid Ahmad Ganaie
BACKGROUND: Nepeta deflersiana (Lamiaceae) is a perennial herb used in the Saudi and Yemeni folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, carminative, and antirheumatic agent. PURPOSE: This study explores the phytochemistry of the plant and the cardioprotective effect of N. deflersiana ethanolic extract (NDEE) against isoproterenol (ISP)-induced myocardial injury in rats. DESIGN/METHODS: Cardiac function, serum cardiac enzymes, myocardial antioxidants, inflammatory, and apoptotic biomarkers, and histopathological parameters were studied in ISP-injured Wistar rat heart tissues...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899511/safflower-bud-inhibits-rankl-induced-osteoclast-differentiation-and-prevents-bone-loss-in-ovariectomized-mice
#5
Joo-Hee Choi, Seul-Ki Lim, Dong-Il Kim, Min-Jung Park, Young-Kuk Kim, An-Chul Lee, Young-Min Kim, Soo-Jin Yang, Jong-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: The powder and extract of safflower seeds are known to be effective in the prevention of bone loss in ovariectomized animals. However, the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanisms of safflower bud (SB), the germinated safflower, on bone destruction is unclear. PURPOSE: The present study was designed to investigate the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of SB on osteoclastic differentiation and on bone loss in ovarietomized (OVX) mice. METHODS: Osteoclastogenesis was determined by TRAP staining, F-actin ring formation, and bone resorption assay...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899510/screening-of-hepatoprotective-compounds-from-licorice-against-carbon-tetrachloride-and-acetaminophen-induced-hepg2-cells-injury
#6
Yi Kuang, Yan Lin, Kai Li, Wei Song, Shuai Ji, Xue Qiao, Qingying Zhang, Min Ye
BACKGROUND: Licorice and its constituents, especially licorice flavonoids have been reported to possess significant hepatoprotective activities. However, previous studies mainly focus on the extract and major compounds, and few reports are available on other licorice compounds. PURPOSE: This work aims to evaluate the in vitro hepatoprotective activities of licorice compounds and screen active compounds, and to establish the structure-activity relationship. METHODS: A compound library consisting of 180 compounds from three medicinal licorice species, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, G...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899509/a-standardized-humulus-lupulus-l-ethanol-extract-partially-prevents-ovariectomy-induced-bone-loss-in-the-rat-without-induction-of-adverse-effects-in-the-uterus
#7
Annekathrin M Keiler, Janina Helle, Manuela I Bader, Tino Ehrhardt, Kristin Nestler, Georg Kretzschmar, Ricardo Bernhardt, Günter Vollmer, Dejan Nikolić, Judy L Bolton, Guido F Pauli, Shao-Nong Chen, Birgit M Dietz, Richard B van Breemen, Oliver Zierau
BACKGROUND: Hops (Humulus lupulus (L.)) dietary supplements are of interest as herbal remedies to alleviate menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes, depression and anxiety. So far, the evidence regarding estrogenic and related properties of hops preparations has been considered insufficient for a market authorization for menopausal indications. PURPOSE: The study aims to investigate a chemically standardized hops extract regarding its safety in the uterus, as wells as its efficacy to prevent bone loss in the ovariectomized rat model...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899508/pellitorine-an-extract-of-tetradium-daniellii-is-an-antagonist-of-the-ion-channel-trpv1
#8
Zoltán Oláh, Dóra Rédei, László Pecze, Csaba Vizler, Katalin Jósvay, Péter Forgó, Zoltán Winter, György Dombi, Gerda Szakonyi, Judit Hohmann
BACKGROUND: Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) confers noxious heat and inflammatory pain signals in the peripheral nervous system. Clinical trial of resiniferatoxin from Euphorbia species is successfully aimed at TRPV1 in cancer pain management and heading toward new selective painkiller status that further validates this target for drug discovery efforts. Evodia species, used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years, are a recognised source of different TRPV1 agonists, but no antagonist has yet been reported...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899507/ziziphus-spinosa-seeds-for-insomnia-a-review-of-chemistry-and-psychopharmacology
#9
REVIEW
Johannah Linda Shergis, Xiaojia Ni, Jerome Sarris, Anthony Lin Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Charlie C Xue, Chuanjian Lu, Helmut Hugel
BACKGROUND: In Chinese medicine, Ziziphus jujuba Mill. var. spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chou is widely used for the treatment of insomnia. PURPOSE/SECTIONS: This paper summarises the chemistry, psychopharmacology, and compares the pharmaceutical effects of the seeds of Ziziphus jujuba plant, Ziziphus spinosa (ZS) seeds, with benzodiazepines. Whole extracts and constituent compounds have been evaluated in preclinical and clinical studies. CONCLUSIONS: ZS secondary metabolites modulate GABAergic activity and the serotonergic system...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899506/green-tea-effects-on-cognition-mood-and-human-brain-function-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Edele Mancini, Christoph Beglinger, Jürgen Drewe, Davide Zanchi, Undine E Lang, Stefan Borgwardt
BACKGROUND: Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a beverage consumed for thousands of years. Numerous claims about the benefits of its consumption were stated and investigated. As green tea is experiencing a surge in popularity in Western culture and as millions of people all over the world drink it every day, it is relevant to understand its effects on the human brain. PURPOSE: To assess the current state of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of green tea or green tea extracts, l-theanine and epigallocatechin gallate both components of green tea-on general neuropsychology, on the sub-category cognition and on brain functions in humans...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899505/an-alkaloid-extract-obtained-from-phlegmariurus-saururus-induces-neuroprotection-after-status-epilepticus
#11
Víctor Danelon, Laura Montroull, Mariana Vallejo, José Cabrera, Alicia Agnese, María Gabriela Ortega, Daniel Mascó
BACKGROUND: The brain is exposed to many excitotoxic insults that can lead to neuronal damage. Among these, Epilepsy is a neurological disease that affects a large percentage of world population and is commonly associated with cognitive disorders and excitotoxic neuronal death. Most experimental strategies are focused on preventing Status Epilepticus (SE), but once it has already occurred, the key question is whether it is possible to save neurons. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine if a purified alkaloid extract (AE) obtained from Phlegmariurus saururus, a genus of Lycophyte plants (sometimes known as firmossesor fir club mosses) could induce neuroprotection following SE...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899504/horizontal-natural-product-transfer-a-potential-source-of-alkaloidal-contaminants-in-phytopharmaceuticals
#12
Mahdi Yahyazadeh, Melanie Nowak, Heiko Kima, Dirk Selmar
BACKGROUND: It was recently shown that nicotine and pyrrolizidine alkaloids that leach out from decomposing plant material (donor plants) are subsequently taken up by the roots of acceptor plants and translocated into their leaves. Furthermore, it is well established that plant roots take up xenobiotics, generally by simple diffusion, and that this passive import depends on the physico-chemical properties of the substances. HYPOTHESIS: Based on the well-known uptake of xenobiotics, we assumed that in analogy, the uptake of alkaloids, which are leached out from plant material (donor plants) represents a quite general feature of plant biology...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899503/salicylate-based-phytopharmaceuticals-induce-adaptive-cytokine-and-chemokine-network-responses-in-human-fibroblast-cultures
#13
Gudrun Ulrich-Merzenich, Frederik Hartbrod, Olaf Kelber, Jürgen Müller, Anna Koptina, Heike Zeitler
BACKGROUND: Cytokines and chemokines (CC) play a central role in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. Neutralising antibodies for single proinflammatory cytokines have developed into a powerful, though expensive and not always curative therapeutic strategy for severe diseases. Considering the redundancy of CC functions, network (N) rather than single target approaches are essential. Phytopharmaceuticals, common adjuvant therapies, are known modulators of a broad spectrum of CCs, but as complex mixtures with multiple targets they have not been systematically investigated...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899502/melaleuca-quinquenervia-essential-oil-inhibits-%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-induced-melanin-production-and-oxidative-stress-in-b16-melanoma-cells
#14
Wen-Wan Chao, Chia-Chi Su, Hsin-Yi Peng, Su-Tze Chou
BACKGROUND: Essential oils are odorous, volatile products of plant secondary metabolism, which are found in many leaves and stems. They show important biological activities, which account for the development of aromatherapy used in complementary and alternative medicine. The essential oil extracted from Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake (paperbark) (MQ-EO) has various functional properties. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the chemical composition of MQ-EO by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and evaluate its tyrosinase inhibitory activity...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899501/modulation-of-p-glycoprotein-by-stemona-alkaloids-in-human-multidrug-resistance-leukemic-cells-and-structural-relationships
#15
Sonthaya Umsumarng, Pornsiri Pitchakarn, Supachai Yodkeeree, Wanisa Punfa, Sariya Mapoung, Rosdayati Alino Ramli, Stephen G Pyne, Pornngarm Limtrakul
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major reason for the failure of chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer patients. P-gp over-expression in MDR cancer cells is a multifactorial phenomenon with biochemical resistance mechanisms. Stemofoline (STF), isolated from Stemona bukillii, has been reported to be an MDR reversing compound. PURPOSE: This study investigated whether other Stemona alkaloids that had been purified from Stemonaceae plants exerted MDR modulation activity...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899500/calebin-a-a-novel-component-of-turmeric-suppresses-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-regulated-cell-survival-and-inflammatory-gene-products-leading-to-inhibition-of-cell-growth-and-chemosensitization
#16
Amit K Tyagi, Sahdeo Prasad, Muhammed Majeed, Bharat B Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: While the anti-inflammatory and anticancer potential of curcumin, which is derived from turmeric (Curcuma longa), has been studied extensively, very little is known about Calebin A, another novel compound from the same source. PURPOSE: To determine whether Calebin A exhibits anti-inflammatory and anticancer potential. METHODS: We examined the anti-inflammatory potential of Calebin A by DNA binding of NF-κB. Anticancer properties of Calebin were determined by MTT and FACS analysis and NF-κB regulated expression of proteins was assessed by western blotting...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899499/mechanisms-underlying-antiatherosclerotic-properties-of-an-enriched-fraction-obtained-from-ilex-paraguariensis-a-st-hil
#17
Patrícia Gonçalves Santiago, Francielly Mourão Gasparotto, Karimi Sater Gebara, Flavia Barbieri Bacha, Francislaine Aparecida Dos Reis Lívero, Maria Angélica Strapazon, Euclides Lara Cardozo Junior, Cândida Aparecida Leite Kassuya, Lauro Mera de Souza, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
BACKGROUND: Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil. var. paraguariensis (Aquifoliaceae) popularly known as 'mate' is an important species native to South America. Despite numerous studies showing significant antioxidant and lipid lowering properties, the antiatherosclerotic mechanisms of this species remain unknown. PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible antiatherosclerotic effects of a butanolic fraction (n-BFIP) obtained from I. paraguariensis and to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in this activity...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899498/galangin-ameliorates-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-vivo-by-modulation-of-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-inflammation-through-interplay-of-mapk-signaling-cascade
#18
Ameesha Tomar, Swati Vasisth, Sana Irfan Khan, Salma Malik, Tapas Chandra Nag, Dharamveer Singh Arya, Jagriti Bhatia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cisplatin is a widely used chemotherapeutic agent but now-a-days its usage is limited in clinical chemotherapy because of its severe nephrotoxic effect on renal tissues. Galangin, a flavonoid obtained from ginger family has been demonstrated to have antioxidant, anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. This study is aimed to investigate the possible ameliorative effect of galangin in a rodent model of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult male albino wistar rats were divided into six groups (n=6) viz normal, cisplatin-control, galangin (25, 50 and 100mg/kg p...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899497/molecular-targets-and-anticancer-potential-of-sanguinarine-a-benzophenanthridine-alkaloid
#19
REVIEW
Sehamuddin Galadari, Anees Rahman, Siraj Pallichankandy, Faisal Thayyullathil
BACKGROUND: Cancer is an enormous global health burden, and should be effectively addressed with better therapeutic strategies. Currently, over 60% of the clinically approved anticancer agents are either directly isolated from natural sources or are modified from natural lead molecules. Sanguinarine (SNG), a quaternary benzophenanthridine alkaloid has gained increasing attention in recent years as a potential anticancer agent. PURPOSE: There is a large untapped source of phytochemical-based anticancer agents remaining to be explored...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899496/neem-azadirachta-indica-an-indian-traditional-panacea-with-modern-molecular-basis
#20
REVIEW
Subash Chandra Gupta, Sahdeo Prasad, Amit K Tyagi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Bharat B Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: For centuries, agents derived from natural sources (mother nature), especially plants have been the primary source of medicine. Neem, also referred to as Azadirachta indica is one such plant that has been so named because it provides freedom from all diseases, and used for thousands of years in Indian and African continents. Different parts of the plant including flowers, leaves, seeds and bark have been used to treat both acute and chronic human diseases; and used as insecticide; antimicrobial, larvicidal, antimalarial, antibacterial, antiviral, and spermicidal...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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