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Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353494/primary-liver-cancers-part-2-progression-pathways-and-carcinogenesis
#1
Kun Jiang, Barbara A Centeno
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and primary intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have been increasing in incidence worldwide and are leading causes of cancer death. Studies of the molecular alterations leading to these carcinomas provide insights into the key mechanisms involved. A literature review was conducted to identify articles with information relevant to current understanding of the etiologies and molecular pathogenesis of HCC and ICC. Chronic inflammatory diseases are the key etiological risk factors for both HCC and ICC, although other diseases play a role, and for many ICCs, an underlying risk factor is not identified...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350068/primary-liver-cancers-part-1-histopathology-differential-diagnoses-and-risk-stratification
#2
Kun Jiang, Sameer Al-Diffhala, Barbara A Centeno
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC) are the 2 most common primary malignant liver tumors, with hepatocellular and bile ductular differentiation, respectively. This article reviews the key histopathological findings of these 2 primary liver cancers and includes a review of the role of ancillary testing for differential diagnosis, risk stratification according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging recommendation, and a review of precancerous lesions. A literature review was conducted to identify articles with information relevant to precancerous precursors, current histopathological classification, ancillary testing, and risk stratification of primary malignant liver tumors...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334791/application-of-fluorescence-guided-surgery-to-subsurface-cancers-requiring-wide-local-excision-literature-review-and-novel-developments-toward-indirect-visualization
#3
Kimberley S Samkoe, Brent D Bates, Jonathan T Elliott, Ethan LaRochelle, Jason R Gunn, Kayla Marra, Joachim Feldwisch, Dipak B Ramkumar, David F Bauer, Keith D Paulsen, Brian W Pogue, Eric R Henderson
The excision of tumors by wide local excision is challenging because the mass must be removed entirely without ever viewing it directly. Positive margin rates in sarcoma resection remain in the range of 20% to 35% and are associated with increased recurrence and decreased survival. Fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) may improve surgical accuracy and has been utilized in other surgical specialties. ABY-029, an anti-epidermal growth factor receptor Affibody molecule covalently bound to the near-infrared fluorophore IRDye 800CW, is an excellent candidate for future FGS applications in sarcoma resection; however, conventional methods with direct surface tumor visualization are not immediately applicable...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334788/latissimus-dorsi-flap-in-breast-reconstruction-recent-innovations-in-the-workhorse-flap
#4
Rachita Sood, Jeena M Easow, Geoffrey Konopka, Zubin J Panthaki
BACKGROUND: Surgeons employ the latissimus dorsi flap (LDF) for reconstruction of a large variety of breast cancer surgery defects, including quadrantectomy, lumpectomy, modified radical mastectomy, and others. The LDF may be used in delayed or immediate reconstruction, in combination with tissue expanders for a staged reconstruction, with implant-based immediate reconstruction, or alone as an autogenous flap. METHODS: The authors discuss the historical uses and more recent developments in the LDF...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327594/liver-resection-and-surgical-strategies-for-management-of-primary-liver-cancer
#5
Sonia T Orcutt, Daniel A Anaya
Primary liver cancer-including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC)-incidence is increasing and is an important source of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Management of these cancers, even when localized, is challenging due to the association with underlying liver disease and the complex anatomy of the liver. Although for ICC, surgical resection provides the only potential cure, for HCC, the risks and benefits of the multiple curative intent options must be considered to individualize treatment based upon tumor factors, baseline liver function, and the functional status of the patient...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325422/outcomes-in-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-and-implant-based-reconstruction-does-age-really-matter
#6
Lauren V Kuykendall, Angie Zhang, Bugra Tugertimur, Sara Bijan, Corin Agoris, Ambuj Kumar, Deniz Dayicioglu
Despite the growing elderly population, there is limited research specific to this demographic concerning breast reconstruction (BR). Lack of evidence-based BR recommendations in older populations may contribute to misconceptions and subsequent underutilization of BR, especially autologous BR. Patients who received either deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap BR or tissue expander/implant (TE/I) BR by a single surgeon between July 2011 and July 2015 were surveyed postoperatively by using the psychometrically validated BREAST-Q questionnaire to determine patient satisfaction...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318956/improvement-in-existing-chest-wall-irregularities-during-breast-reconstruction
#7
Katherine M Huber, Amanda Zimmerman, Deniz Dayicioglu
Mastectomies for both cancer resection and risk reduction are becoming more common. Existing chest wall irregularities are found in these women presenting for breast reconstruction after mastectomy and can pose reconstructive challenges. Women who desired breast reconstruction after mastectomy were evaluated preoperatively for existing chest wall irregularities. Case reports were selected to highlight common irregularities and methods for improving cosmetic outcome concurrently with breast reconstruction procedures...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318955/case-report-of-igm-multiple-myeloma-diagnosing-a-rare-hematologic-entity
#8
Fernando Javier Bonilla-Valentín, Javier Cerra, William Cáceres-Perkins, Melissa Alsina
IgM multiple myeloma is an exceedingly rare hematologic entity comprising only less than 0.5% of multiple myeloma cases. Given the rarity of this disorder, it makes it a challenge to differentiate from other more prevalent hematologic disorders like Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia. These 2 diseases have the common finding of an IgM monoclonal gammopathy and distinguishing between these 2 diagnoses is of great importance given that therapy and prognosis differ significantly. This report illustrates the case of a 64-year-old man who presented with IgM lambda monoclonal gammopathy in whom signs, symptoms, laboratories, and imaging were initially thought to be consistent with Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975841/progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-and-monoclonal-antibodies-a-review
#9
Chandrashekar Bohra, Lubomir Sokol, Samir Dalia
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a viral infection predominantly seen in patients with HIV infection. However, with the increased use of monoclonal antibodies (MAB) for various lymphoproliferative disorders, we are now seeing this infection in non-HIV patients on drugs such as natalizumab, rituximab, and so on. The aim of this article is to review the relationship between the occurrence of PML and MAB used in the treatment of hematological malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Review of articles from PubMed-indexed journals which study PML in relation to the use of MAB...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975840/in-the-age-of-breast-augmentation-breast-reconstruction-provides-an-opportunity-to-augment-the-breast
#10
Amanda L Zimmerman, Bugra Tugertimur, Paul D Smith, Ambuj Kumar, Deniz Dayicioglu
BACKGROUND: Augmentation mammoplasty remains the most common cosmetic surgery procedure performed. The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of augmented volume of the reconstructed breast in patients that undergo nipple-sparing mastectomy and patients previously augmented who undergo mastectomy with tissue expander/implant-based reconstruction. METHODS: Patients undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy, nipple-sparing mastectomy, and mastectomy after previous augmentation followed by tissue expander/implant-based reconstruction between June 2011 and April 2015 by 2 surgeons at the same institution were included...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975839/pain-and-anxiety-levels-of-patients-undergoing-tissue-expansion-after-mastectomies-a-case-series-study
#11
Nicole K Le, Carla García-Molina, Ambuj Kumar, Lisa Griffin, Deniz Dayicioglu
The tissue expansion process is done after mastectomies to increase the submuscular space in preparation for the placement of permanent breast implant. The process is often believed to be painful by patients who are often intimidated by the prospect of mechanically stretching out their skin and muscle. This study aims to quantify the pain experienced by patients and determine the different pain management techniques used. We used a case series approach, in which patients who were undergoing serial tissue expansion process were asked to rate their pain and anxiety on a scale from 1 to 10, using a questionnaire and the visual analog scale...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975838/disparities-in-use-and-access-to-postmastectomy-breast-reconstruction-among-african-american-women-a-targeted-review-of-the-literature
#12
Sara E Soni, M Catherine Lee, Clement K Gwede
Postmastectomy breast reconstruction is a therapy that has been shown to have positive psychological effects on its recipients. There is evidence that racial disparities in its use exist, particularly among African American (AA) women. The purpose of this targeted review of the literature was to examine the use of postmastectomy breast reconstruction among AA women and to explore factors that contribute to such disparities. Published literature that evaluated rates of breast reconstruction in AA women, as well as barriers to reconstruction in this population, was reviewed...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975837/oncoplastic-surgery-keeping-it-simple-with-5-essential-volume-displacement-techniques-for-breast-conservation-in-a-patient-with-moderate-to-large-sized-breasts
#13
Abhishek Chatterjee, Deniz Dayicioglu, Nazanin Khakpour, Brian J Czerniecki
Oncoplastic surgery is an evolving field in breast surgery combining the strengths of breast surgical oncology with plastic surgery. It provides the surgeon the ability to excise large areas of the breast in the oncologic resection without compromising, and possibly improving, its aesthetic appearance. The purpose of this review is to provide a guide that could help a breast surgeon excise breast cancer in most areas of the breast using 5 oncoplastic techniques. These techniques would be used depending primarily on the location of the cancer in the breast and also on the size of the tumor...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975825/evaluation-and-management-of-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules-the-revolution-of-risk-stratification-beyond-cytological-diagnosis
#14
Pablo Valderrabano, Bryan McIver
In accordance with National Guidelines, we currently follow a linear approach to the diagnosis of thyroid nodules, with management decision based primarily on a cytological diagnosis following fine-needle aspiration biopsy. However, 25% of these biopsies render an indeterminate cytology, leaving uncertainty regarding appropriate management. Individualizing the risk of malignancy of these nodules could improve their management significantly. We summarize the current evidence on the relevance of clinical information, radiological features, cytological features, and molecular markers tests results and describe how these can be integrated to personalize the management of thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975824/a-case-report-of-steroid-responsive-nivolumab-induced-encephalitis
#15
Kaja Richard, Jacqueline Weslow, Stephanie L Porcella, Sowmya Nanjappa
Nivolumab (Opdivo) approval for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prompts recognition of its future use in various cancers. Although rare, occurring in 1% to 3% of treated cases, nivolumab along with other immune checkpoint inhibitors are associated with immune-related encephalitis. With its prospective use, nivolumab-induced encephalitis illustrates the necessity of early recognition and successful management to decrease morbidity and mortality. We describe a treated case of nivolumab-induced encephalitis...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975823/serotonin-syndrome-complicating-treatment-of-ifosfamide-neurotoxicity-with-methylene-blue
#16
Matthew Snyder, Suhas Gangadhara, Andrew S Brohl, Steven Ludlow, Sowmya Nanjappa
Methylene blue is a widely used treatment for ifosfamide neurotoxicity. We present a case of severe encephalopathy complicating ifosfamide-based therapy for recurrent retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma. After treatment with methylene blue, the patient experienced clinical decompensation and was diagnosed with serotonin syndrome based on a constellation of clinical findings. Withdrawal of methylene blue and other serotonergic medications led to clinical stabilization and ultimately neurological recovery. Our case highlights the challenge of diagnosing serotonin syndrome in the face of preexisting ifosfamide neurotoxicity, as there is significant clinical overlap between these 2 syndromes...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975822/multimodality-management-of-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-report-of-a-single-institution-experience
#17
Chenwi M Ambe, Phuong Nguyen, Barbara A Centeno, Junsung Choi, Jonathan Strosberg, Larry Kvols, Pamela Hodul, Sarah Hoffe, Mokenge P Malafa
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) constitute approximately 3% of pancreatic neoplasms. Like patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), some of these patients present with "borderline resectable disease." For these patients, an optimal treatment approach is lacking. We report our institution's experience with borderline resectable PanNETs using multimodality treatment. METHODS: We identified patients with borderline resectable PanNETs who had received neoadjuvant therapy at our institution between 2000 and 2013...
October 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975836/surgical-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Daniel Zamora-Valdes, Timucin Taner, David M Nagorney
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In select patients, surgical treatment in the form of either resection or transplantation offers a curative option. The aims of this review are to (1) review the current American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases/European Association for the Study of the Liver guidelines on the surgical management of HCC and (2) review the proposed changes to these guidelines and analyze the strength of evidence underlying these proposals...
July 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975835/role-and-future-directions-of-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-primary-liver-cancer
#19
Florence K Keane, Theodore S Hong
The incidence of primary liver cancers continues to increase in the United States and worldwide. The majority of patients with primary liver cancer are not candidates for curative therapies such as surgical resection or orthotopic liver transplantation due to tumor size, vascular invasion, or underlying comorbidities. Therefore, while primary liver cancer is the sixth-most common cancer diagnosis worldwide, it represents the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Radiotherapy traditionally played a limited role in the treatment of primary liver cancer due to concerns over hepatic tolerance and the inability to deliver a tumoricidal dose of radiotherapy while still sparing normal hepatic parenchyma...
July 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975834/role-of-systemic-therapy-and-future-directions-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Jennifer Eatrides, Emilie Wang, Nishi Kothari, Richard Kim
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive tumor that often arises in the setting of liver cirrhosis. Although early-stage disease is often amenable for surgical resection, transplant, or locoregional therapies, many patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage or have poor liver reserve. Systemic therapy is the mainstay of treatment for these patients. At present, the only approved therapy for the treatment of advanced disease is the tyrosine multikinase inhibitor sorafenib. Candidacy for treatment is based on liver reserve...
July 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
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