Read by QxMD icon Read

Microbiological Research

L Rivas-Jimenez, K Ramírez-Ortiz, A F González-Córdova, B Vallejo-Cordoba, H S Garcia, A Hernandez-Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Ning Liu, Guo-Ao Ning, Xiao-Hong Liu, Xiao-Xiao Feng, Jian-Ping Lu, Li-Juan Mao, Zhen-Zhu Su, Ying Wang, Chu-Long Zhang, Fu-Cheng Lin
The endophytic fungus Harpophora oryzae is a beneficial endosymbiont isolated from wild rice. H. oryzae can not only promote rice growth and biomass accumulation but also protect rice roots from invasion by its close relative Magnaporthe oryzae. Autophagy is a highly evolutionary conserved process from lower to higher eukaryotic organisms, and is involved in the maintenance of normal cell differentiation and development. In this study, we isolated a gene (HoATG5) which encodes an essential protein required for autophagy from the beneficial endophyte fungus H...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Lina Marcela Silva-Bedoya, María Solange Sánchez-Pinzón, Gloria Ester Cadavid-Restrepo, Claudia Ximena Moreno-Herrera
The operation of wastewater treatment technologies depends on a combination of physical, chemical and biological factors. Microorganisms present in wastewater treatment plants play essential roles in the degradation and removal of organic waste and xenobiotic pollutants. Several microorganisms have been used in complementary treatments to process effluents rich in fats and oils. Microbial lipases have received significant industrial attention because of their stability, broad substrate specificity, high yields, and regular supply, as well as the fact that the microorganisms producing them grow rapidly on inexpensive media...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Udai B Singh, Deepti Malviya, Wasiullah, Shailendra Singh, Jatindra K Pradhan, Bhanu P Singh, Manish Roy, Mohd Imram, Neelam Pathak, B M Baisyal, Jai P Rai, B K Sarma, Rajiv K Singh, P K Sharma, Saman Deep Kaur, M C Manna, Sushil K Sharma, Arun K Sharma
Sheath blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.) caused by Rhizoctonia solani is a major disease and attempts are being made to develop microbe based technologies for biocontrol of this pathogen. However, the mechanisms of biocontrol are not fully understood and still require indepth study in the backdrop of emerging concepts in biological systems. The present investigation was aimed at deciphering the mechanisms of biocontrol of sheath blight of rice employing Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma harzianum as model agents for biocontrol...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Xiaoli Yu, Haiying Jin, Xuelian Cheng, Qian Wang, Qingsheng Qi
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), the committed intermediate of the heme biosynthetic pathway, attracts close attention among researchers because of its potential applications to cancer treatment and agriculture. Overexpression of heterologous hemA and hemL, which encode glutamyl-tRNA reductase and glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminotransferase, respectively, in Corynebacterium glutamicum produces ALA, although whether ALA accumulation causes unintended effects on the host is unknown. Here we used an integrated systems approach to compare global transcriptional changes induced by the expression of hemA and hemL...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Olga E Melkina, Ignatiy I Goryanin, Gennadii B Zavilgelsky
The antirestriction proteins ArdA ColIb-P9, Arn T4 and Ocr T7 specifically inhibit type I and type IV restriction enzymes and belong to the family of DNA-mimic proteins because their three-dimensional structure is similar to the double-helical B-form DNA. It is proposed that the DNA-mimic proteins are able to bind nucleoid protein H-NS and alleviate H-NS-silencing of the transcription of bacterial genes. Escherichia coli lux biosensors were constructed by inserting H-NS-dependent promoters into a vector, thereby placing each fragment upstream of the promoterless Photorhabdus luminescens luxCDABE operon...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Justyna Możejko-Ciesielska, Robert Kiewisz
Bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) are polyesters accumulated as carbon and energy storage materials under limited growth conditions in the presence of excess carbon sources. They have been developed as biomaterials with unique properties for the past many years being considered as a potential substitute for conventional non-degradable plastics. Due to the increasing concern towards global climate change, depleting petroleum resource and problems with an utilization of a growing number of synthetic plastics, PHAs have gained much more attention from industry and research...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
K Tamreihao, Debananda S Ningthoujam, Salam Nimaichand, Elangbam Shanta Singh, Pascal Reena, Salam Herojeet Singh, Upendra Nongthomba
Streptomyces corchorusii strain UCR3-16, obtained from rice rhizospheric soils showed antifungal activities against 6 major rice fungal pathogens by diffusible and volatile compounds production. The strain was found positive for production of fungal cell wall degrading enzymes such as chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, β-1,4-glucanase, lipase and protease. The strain was also positive for plant growth promoting traits. It produced up to 30.5μg/ml of IAA and solubilized a significant amount of inorganic phosphate (up to 102μg/ml)...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Jun Wu, Lijuan Wu, Cheng Fang, Rong Nie, Jiamou Wang, Xuan Wang, Wenbin Liu
Mycoplasmas are a group of microbes that can cause human diseases. The mycoplasmal lipoprotein p37 promotes cancer metastasis, at least in part, by interacting with EGFR. In this study, we show that the p37 lipoprotein binds another member of the EGFR family, HER2, through the HER2 extracellular domain. The binding of p37-HER2 promotes phosphorylation of HER2 and activates the downstream signaling molecule Erk1/2. Because the HER2 signaling pathway contributes to breast tumor metastasis, our results imply that the mycoplasmal lipoprotein p37 may also be involved in breast cancer metastasis...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Talwinder Kaur, Shivam Jasrotia, Puja Ohri, Rajesh Kumari Manhas
The present work demonstrated the nematicidal potential of Streptomyces hydrogenans strain DH16 (a strain with strong antagonism against fungal phytopathogens and insect pest) against Meloidogyne incognita. The culture supernatant and solvent extract significantly inhibited egg hatching (almost 100%) along with J2 mortality of more than 95% after 96h. The nematicidal activity of 10-(2,2-dimethyl-cyclohexyl)-6,9-dihydroxy-4,9-dimethyl-dec-2-enoic acid methyl ester (SH2; a new antifungal compound) purified from this streptomycete was also evaluated using different concentrations...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Magdalena A Olszewska, Aleksandra M Kocot, Anna Nynca, Łucja Łaniewska-Trokenheim
pH stress is recognized as an important feature for Lactobacillus in relation to lifestyle and commercial utility. Hence, this study aims to investigate the cell function of Lactobacilli cells subjected to pHs between 7.0 and 2.0. For this purpose, the Lactobacilli isolates of vegetable origin were first hybridized with fluorescent oligonucleotide rRNA probes for detecting Lactobacillus species. Then, cells were exposed to pH stress and labelled with fluorescent probes, carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) and propidium iodine (PI), which provided the insight into esterase activity and membrane integrity of cells...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Ivana Seccareccia, Ákos T Kovács, Ramses Gallegos-Monterrosa, Markus Nett
Cupriavidus necator is a non-obligate bacterial predator of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. In this study, we set out to determine the conditions, which are necessary to observe predatory behavior of C. necator. Using Bacillus subtilis as a prey organism, we confirmed that the predatory performance of C. necator is correlated with the available copper level, and that the killing is mediated, at least in part, by secreted extracellular factors. The predatory activity depends on the nutrition status of C...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Elham Karimi, Naser Safaie, Masoud Shams-Baksh, Bagher Mahmoudi
The use of biocontrol strains recently has become a popular alternative to conventional chemical treatments. A set of bacteria isolated from sugar beet rhizosphere and from roots and shoots of apple and walnut were evaluated for their potential to control sugar beet seedling damping-off caused by R. solani AG-4 and AG2-2.The results of in vitro assays concluded that three isolates, SB6, SB14, SB15, obtained from rhizosphere of sugar beet and five isolates, AP2, AP4, AP6, AP7, AP8, obtained from shoots and roots of apple were the most effective antagonists that inhibited the mycelial growth of both R...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Bhagya Iyer, Mahendrapal Singh Rajput, Rahul Jog, Ekta Joshi, Krishna Bharwad, Shalini Rajkumar
Rhizobia are a class of symbiotic diazotrophic bacteria which utilize C4 acids in preference to sugars and the sugar utilization is repressed as long as C4 acids are present. This can be manifested as a diauxie when rhizobia are grown in the presence of a sugar and a C4 acid together. Succinate, a C4 acid is known to repress utilization of sugars, sugar alcohols, hydrocarbons, etc by a mechanism termed as Succinate Mediated Catabolite Repression (SMCR). Mechanism of catabolite repression determines the hierarchy of carbon source utilization in bacteria...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Qi Shen, Yue Chen, Danfeng Jin, Hui Lin, Qun Wang, Yu-Hua Zhao
In this work, Trichosporon fermentans CICC 1368, which has been shown to accumulate cellular lipids efficiently using industry-agricultural wastes, was subjected to preliminary genome analysis, yielding a genome size of 31.3 million bases and 12,702 predicted protein-coding genes. Our analysis also showed a high degree of gene duplications and unique genes compared with those observed in other oleaginous yeasts, with 3-4-fold more genes related to fatty acid elongation and degradation compared with those in Rhodosporidium toruloides NP11 and Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Runa Antony, Aritri Sanyal, Neelam Kapse, Prashant K Dhakephalkar, Meloth Thamban, Shanta Nair
Snow ecosystems represent a large part of the Earth's biosphere and harbour diverse microbial communities. Despite our increased knowledge of snow microbial communities, the question remains as to their functional potential, particularly with respect to their role in adapting to and modifying the specific snow environment. In this work, we investigated the diversity and functional capabilities of microorganisms from 3 regions of East Antarctica, with respect to compounds present in snow and tested whether their functional signature reflected the snow environment...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Luzia Mendes, Rui Rocha, Andreia Sofia Azevedo, Catarina Ferreira, Mariana Henriques, Miguel Gonçalves Pinto, Nuno Filipe Azevedo
PURPOSE: We aim to develop peptic nucleic acid (PNA) probes for the identification and localization of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomintans and Porphyromonas gingivalis in sub-gingival plaque and gingival biopsies by Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH). METHODS: A PNA probe was designed for each microorganism. The PNA-FISH method was optimized to allow simultaneous hybridization of both microorganisms with their probe (PNA-FISH multiplex). After being tested on representative strains of P...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Rana Haidar, Jean Roudet, Olivier Bonnard, Marie Cécile Dufour, Marie France Corio-Costet, Mathieu Fert, Thomas Gautier, Alain Deschamps, Marc Fermaud
The antagonistic activity of 46 bacterial strains isolated from Bordeaux vineyards were evaluated against Phaeomoniella chlamydospora, a major grapevine pathogen involved in Esca. The reduction of the necrosis length of stem cuttings ranged between 31.4% and 38.7% for the 8 most efficient strains. Two in planta trials allowed the selection of the two best strains, Bacillus pumilus (S32) and Paenibacillus sp. (S19). Their efficacy was not dependent on application method; co-inoculation, prevention in the wood and soil inoculation were tested...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Amrita Sarkar, Santanu Mandal
The invasion of pathogens causes a disruption of the gut homeostasis. Innate immune responses and those triggered by endogenous microbiota form the first line of defence in our body. Pathogens often successfully overcome the resistances offered, calling for therapeutic intervention. Conventional strategy involving antibiotics might eradicate pathogens, but often leave the gut uncolonised and susceptible to recurrences. Probiotic supplements are useful alternatives. Bifidobacterium is one of widely studied probiotic genus, effective in restoring gut homeostasis...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Imen Zalila-Kolsi, Afif Ben Mahmoud, Hacina Ali, Sameh Sellami, Zina Nasfi, Slim Tounsi, Kaïs Jamoussi
Bacillus species are attractive due to their potential use in the biological control of fungal diseases. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain BLB369, Bacillus subtilis strain BLB277, and Paenibacillus polymyxa strain BLB267 were isolated and identified using biochemical and molecular (16S rDNA, gyrA, and rpoB) approaches. They could produce, respectively, (iturin and surfactin), (surfactin and fengycin), and (fusaricidin and polymyxin) exhibiting broad spectrum against several phytopathogenic fungi. In vivo examination of wheat seed germination, plant height, phenolic compounds, chlorophyll, and carotenoid contents proved the efficiency of the bacterial cells and the secreted antagonist activities to protect Tunisian durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"