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Microbiological Research

Katarzyna M Dolata, Isabel Guerrero Montero, Wayne Miller, Susanne Sievers, Thomas Sura, Christian Wolff, Rabea Schlüter, Katharina Riedel, Colin Robinson
In Escherichia coli, the Twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway secretes a set of folded proteins with important physiological functions to the periplasm and outer membrane. The loss of Tat secretion impairs outer membrane integrity and leads to decreased cell growth. Only recently, the Tat pathway has gained more attention due to its essential role in bacterial virulence and applications in the production of fully folded heterologous proteins. In this study, we investigated the influence of the deletion of all active Tat pathway components on the E...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Rupali Gupta, Akanksha Singh, Madhumita Srivastava, Karuna Shanker, Rakesh Pandey
The modification of rhizosphere microbial diversity and ecological processes are of rising interest as shifting in microbial community structure impacts the mutual role of host-microbe interactions. Nevertheless, the connection between host-microbial community diversity, their function under biotic stress in addition to their impact on plant performances is poorly understood. The study was designed with the aim to analyze the tripartite interactions among Chitiniphilus sp., Streptomyces sp. and their combination with indigenous rhizospheric microbial population of Bacopa monnieri for enhancing the plant growth and bacoside A content under Meloidogyne incognita stress...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Ricardo Sánchez-Cruz, Irán Tpia Vázquez, Ramón Alberto Batista-García, Erick Williams Méndez-Santiago, María Del Rayo Sánchez-Carbente, Alfonso Leija, Verónica Lira-Ruan, Gerogina Hernández, Arnoldo Wong-Villarreal, Jorge Luis Folch-Mallol
Legumes establish symbiotic relationships with different microorganisms, which could function as plant growth promotion microorganisms (PGPM). The finding of new PGPM strains is important to increase plant production avoiding or diminishing the use of industrial fertilizers. Thus, in this work we evaluated the plant growth promotion traits of ten strains isolated from Mimosa pudica root nodules. According to the 16S rDNA sequence, the microorganisms were identified as Enterobacter sp. and Serratia sp. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report describing and endophytic interaction between Mimosa pudica and Enterobacter sp...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Annarita Ricciardelli, Angela Casillo, Alessandro Vergara, Nicole Balasco, Maria Michela Corsaro, Maria Luisa Tutino, Ermenegilda Parrilli
Biofilms are the most widely distributed and successful microbial modes of life. The capacity of bacteria to colonize surfaces provides stability in the growth environment, allows the capturing of nutrients and affords protection from a range of environmental challenges and stress. Bacteria living in cold environments, like Antarctica, can be found as biofilms, even though the mechanisms of how this lifestyle is related to their environmental adaptation have been poorly investigated. In this paper, the biofilm of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125, one of the model organisms of cold-adapted bacteria, has been characterized in terms of biofilm typology and matrix composition...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Fangnan Yu, Xiaoshu Jing, Xiaochen Li, Hailong Wang, Hanna Chen, Lin Zhong, Jia Yin, Deng Pan, Yulong Yin, Jun Fu, Liqiu Xia, Xiaoying Bian, Qiang Tu, Youming Zhang
Pseudomonas protegens CHA0 is a well-characterized, root-colonizing bacterium with broad-spectrum biocontrol ability. Therefore, it has a great potential to curb plant diseases and to partly replace synthetic chemical pesticides that are harmful to humans. Here, we obtained the multifunctional mutant CHA0-ΔretS-Nif via Red/ET recombineering technology. After deletion of the retS gene and integration of the nitrogen-fixing gene island (Nif) into the CHA0 genome, the resulting mutant, CHA0-ΔretS-Nif, manifested improved both bactericidal activity and biological nitrogen-fixation function...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Ahmad Karkhah, Soheil Ebrahimpour, Maryam Rostamtabar, Veerendra Koppolu, Sorena Darvish, Veneela Krishna Rekha Vasigala, Majid Validi, Hamid Reza Nouri
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterial pathogen that resides in more than half of the human population and has co-evolved with humans for more than 58,000 years. This bacterium is orally transmitted during childhood and is a key cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers and two malignant cancers including MALT (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma and adenocarcinoma. Despite the strong innate and adaptive immune responses, H. pylori has a long-term survival in the gastric mucosa. In addition to the virulence factors, survival of H...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Liang Chen, Hao Shi, Junying Heng, Dianxuan Wang, Ke Bian
Peanut suffer from a number of fungal and bacterial pathogens, while plant endophytes were considered excellent candidates as biocontrol agents. In this study, the peanut endophytic bacterium LDO2 was evaluated for the potential of peanut pathogens inhibition and growth-promotion, and the genetic mechanisms were explored by genome mining. Strain LDO2 significantly inhibited the growth of peanut pathogenic fungi and pathogenic bacteria, and specifically, it showed pronounced inhibition on mycelia growth of Aspergillus flavus mycelia and caused mycelial deformity...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Bhagya Iyer, Shalini Rajkumar
Rhizobium sp. Td3 is a Sesbania plant growth promoting, Cajanus cajan nodulating rhizobia. Studying its whole genome was important as it is a potent phosphate solubilizer with constitutive gluconic acid production ability through operation of the periplasmic glucose oxidation pathway even under conditions of catabolite repression. This is in contrast to the other explored phosphate solubilizers. Rhizobial isolates sequenced so far are known to lack components of the direct glucose oxidation pathway and cannot produce gluconic acid on its own...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Juliane Grimmer, Roger Dumke
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a frequent cause of community-acquired infections of the human respiratory tract. During the evolutionary adaptation of the bacteria to the host, the genome of the pathogen is strongly reduced resulting in the loss of cell wall, limited metabolic pathways and a relatively small number of virulence factors. As interacting with host proteins, surface-exposed proteins with a primary function in cytosol-located processes of metabolism and regulation such as glycolytic enzymes, heat-shock proteins and chaperones have been considered as contributing to pathogenesis...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Xuan Zhao, Guoying Zhang, Caiyi Li, Jianya Ling
Cordyceps kyushuensis is the only species of cordyceps growing on the larvae of Clanis bilineata Walker, and has been demonstrated that there are lots of pharmacological components including cordycepin. Cordycepin shows lots of pharmacological action but it could be converted to 3'-deoxyinosine by adenosine deaminase in vivo, which weakens the efficiency of cordycepin. That pentostatin, which has been reported to inhibit adenosine deaminase, combining cordycepin could enhance the efficiency of cordycepin in vivo...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Shanshan Li, Xiaoyu Yu, Wenjuan Wu, Daniel Z Chen, Ming Xiao, Xinhua Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Tushar D Lodha, Indu B, Sasikala Ch, Ramana Ch V
All three domains of life have an ordered plasma membrane which is pivotal in the selective fitness of primitive life. Like cholesterol in eukaryotes, hopanoids are important in bacteria to modulate membrane order. Hopanoids are pentacyclic triterpenoid lipids biosynthesised in many eubacteria, few ferns and lichens. Hopanoid modulates outer membrane order and hopanoid deficiency results in the weakened structural integrity of the membrane which may in turn affect the other structures within or spanning the cell envelope and contributing to various membrane functions...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Huizhong Liu, Huaduo Yan, Yujie Xiao, Hailing Nie, Qiaoyun Huang, Wenli Chen
In Pseudomonas putida KT2440, the exopolysaccharide Pea is associated with biofilm stability and pellicle formation; however, little is known about its regulatory pathway. In this study, we identified that the gene cluster pea was transcribed from 25 bp upstream of the operon and the stationary phase alternative sigma factor RpoS regulated the transcription of pea. When RpoS was absent, another sigma factor, likely the housekeeping sigma factor RpoD, could also mediate pea transcription but at a low level...
January 2019: Microbiological Research
Sravani Ankati, T Swaroopa Rani, Appa Rao Podile
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) promote plant growth and activate defense response against phytopathogens. At the subcellular level plant-PGPR interaction is less understood, which would be essential for future improvement(s) of PGPR formulations. In a rigorous screening process, that also involved efficient PGPR strains, Bacillus sonorensis RS4 was selected to study partner-triggered interactions. The potential of B. sonorensis RS4 to improve growth of groundnut, efficiency to colonize roots, and influence on root topology was assessed...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Yuichi Sakamoto, Shiho Sato, Miyuki Ito, Yuki Ando, Kiyoshi Nakahori, Hajime Muraguchi
Light and nutrients are crucial environmental factors influencing fungal sexual reproduction. Blue light induces simultaneous hyphal knot formation in Coprinopsis cinerea mycelia grown on low-glucose media but not in mycelia grown on high-glucose media. Many hyphal knots are visible in the arc near the edge of the colony one day after 15 min of blue light stimulation. These findings collectively suggest that blue light accelerates hyphal knot induction in nutrient-limited conditions. Transcriptome analysis revealed that gene expression after light exposure is divided into at least two major stages...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Luisa F Posada, J C Álvarez, Magally Romero-Tabarez, Luz de-Bashan, Valeska Villegas-Escobar
Bacillus subtilis EA-CB0575 is a plant growth-promoting bacterium (PGPB) associated with banana and tomato crops. Root colonization is an important trait for PGPB microorganisms and potentiates the bacterial effect related to the mechanisms of plant growth promotion. Therefore, detection of bacterial colonization of roots in different culture systems is important in the study of plant-microorganism interactions. In this study, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and catalyzed reporter deposition-FISH (CARD-FISH) were evaluated to determine the colonization ability of B...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Marika Rossi, Massimo Pesando, Marta Vallino, Luciana Galetto, Cristina Marzachì, Raffaella Balestrini
Many aspects of plant diseases caused by phytoplasmas are still unknown, as these pathogens are phloem restricted, uncultivable wall-less bacteria and must be studied always in association with their host. Phytoplasma transcripts are strongly underrepresented within host tissues and this poses problems for gene expression analyses. In this study, a procedure was established to infect the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana with the phytoplasma Flavescence dorée, a serious threat to European viticulture. Rates of phytoplasma infective insects and transmission efficiency to A...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Miaochun Fan, Zhenshan Liu, Lijun Nan, Entao Wang, Weimin Chen, Yanbing Lin, Gehong Wei
Multiple heavy metals (HMs) commonly coexist in mining areas, which highlights the necessity to select multiple HM-resistant plant growth-promoting bacteria for improving phytoremediation efficiency. In this study, we isolated and characterized 82 endophytic bacteria from the root nodules of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) grown in a Pb-Zn mining area. There were 80 isolates showing resistance to four HMs, 0.01-18.0 mM/L for Cd, 0.2-40.0 mM/L for Zn, 0.3-2.2 mM/L for Pb, and 0.2-1.4 mM/L for Cu...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Bamisope Steve Bamisile, Chandra Kanta Dash, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Ravindran Keppanan, Oluwatoyin Grace Afolabi, Mubasher Hussain, Muhammad Qasim, Liande Wang
Entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) can be established as endophytes in the host plants to offer a long-term preventive measure for pests and diseases. This practice serves as a better alternative to the common practice of periodic direct application of EPF on plants or the target pests as a short-term defense strategy against pests and diseases. These fungal endophytes, aside from their role in pests and diseases prevention, also act as plant growth promoters. Several fungal endophytes have been associated with improvement in plant height, dry and wet weight and other growth parameters...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
Sana Azaiez, Imen Ben Slimene, Ines Karkouch, Rym Essid, Selim Jallouli, Naceur Djebali, Salem Elkahoui, Ferid Limam, Olfa Tabbene
Four hundred and fifty bacteria were evaluated for antagonistic activity against bacterial soft rot of potato caused by Pectobacterium carotovorum sp strain II16. A strain Ar10 exhibiting potent antagonist activity has been identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on the basis of biochemical and molecular characterization. Cell free supernatant showed a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity against human and phytopathogenic bacteria in the range of 10-60 AU/mL. Incubation of P. carotovorum cells with increasing concentrations of the antibacterial compound showed a killing rate of 94...
December 2018: Microbiological Research
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