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Microbiological Research

Sunita Gaind
The present investigation reveals the solubilization efficiency of tri-calcium phosphate (TCP), Udaipur rock phosphate (URP), aluminium phosphate (AP) and ferric phosphate (FP) by Aspergillus niger (ITCC 6719) and Trichoderma harzianum (ITCC 6721) as function of carbon concentrations. Increasing glucose concentration from 1 to 7% in the growth medium, though improved the phosphorus (P) solubilization significantly but each fungal strain preferred different optimum carbon concentrations for mediating solubilization of different P sources...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Vytautas Melvydas, Ramune Staneviciene, Algima Balynaite, Jurate Vaiciuniene, Rasa Garjonyte
Formation of self-organized regular patterns (Liesegang patterns) due to reaction-diffusion process in the gel medium and related to vital activity of yeasts is presented. Two different yeast strains (Candida pulcherrima and non-Candida pulcherrima) possess a common characteristic feature to secrete a precursor which in the presence of iron(III) ions forms an insoluble red pigment. During yeast cultivation onto solid agar media, periodic spontaneous distinctly spaced red-colored patterns around the yeasts can are formed if the concentration of elemental iron in the growth media is in the range 4-12mg/L...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Vivek Singh, Ram Sanmukh Upadhyay, Birinchi Kumar Sarma, Harikesh Bahadur Singh
In the present study we bioprimed seeds of six vegetable crops (tomato, brinjal, chilli, okra, ridge gourd and guar) with different spore doses of Trichoderma asperellum BHUT8 ranging from 10(2) to 10(8) spores ml(-1) and the effect of biopriming was seen on seed germination and development. The most effective spore dose for enhancement in seed germination and radicle length was found to be 10(3) spores ml(-1) in tomato and ridge gourd, 10(4) spores ml(-1) in brinjal and okra while 10(6) spores ml(-1) in chilli and guar...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Ajit Kumar Passari, Vineet Kumar Mishra, Vincent Vineeth Leo, Vijai Kumar Gupta, Bhim Pratap Singh
In this study, culturable endophytic bacterial isolates obtained from an ethnomedicinal plant Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp., were assessed for their diversity, in vitro screening for their plant growth promoting (PGP) activities and to use them as inoculant for in vivo PGP activities with biocontrol potential. Totally, 73 isolates were recovered from different tissues of C. colebrookianum were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetically analyzed by using BOX-PCR fingerprinting. Out of 73 isolates, 52 exhibited varying extents of antagonistic potential were selected for screening for various PGP traits...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
La Xiang, Qinhong Wang, Yuling Zhou, Lifeng Yin, Guimin Zhang, Yanhe Ma
The mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) can be degraded by a lactone hydrolase ZHD, which was derived from Gliocladium roseum. Here, based on the native ZHD encoding gene zhd101, a codon optimized zhd gene was synthesized, which was used for high expression of ZHD in Pichia pastoris GS115. Meanwhile, to further improve the expression of recombinant ZHD, the plasmids containing 1 to 4 copies of the zhd expression cassette were constructed, respectively, using the biobrick method. The protein expression in the recombinant P...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Paola Fincheira, Herbert Venthur, Ana Mutis, Maribel Parada, Andrés Quiroz
Agrochemicals are currently used in horticulture to increase crop production. Nevertheless, their indiscriminate use is a relevant issue for environmental and legal aspects. Alternative tools for reducing fertilizers and synthetic phytohormones are being investigated, such as the use of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as growth inducers. Some soil bacteria, such as Pseudomonas and Bacillus, stimulate Arabidopsis and tobacco growth by releasing VOCs, but their effects on vegetables have not been investigated...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Allan J Guimaraes, Kamilla Xavier Gomes, Juliana Reis Cortines, José Mauro Peralta, Regina H Saramago Peralta
Free-living amoebas (FLA) are ubiquitous environmental protists that have enormously contributed to the microbiological contamination of water sources. FLAs have displayed resistance to environmental adversities and germicides and have played important roles in the population control of microbial communities due to its predatory behavior and microbicidal activity. However, some organisms have developed resistance to the intracellular milieu of amoebas, as in the case of Acanthamoebas, which in turn, have been functioning as excellent reservoirs for amoeba-resistant microorganisms (ARMs), such as bacteria, viruses and fungi...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Tomonori Suzuki, Thomas Nagano, Koichi Niwa, Shingo Mutoh, Masataka Uchino, Motohiro Tomizawa, Yoshimasa Sagane, Toshihiro Watanabe
Botulinolysin (BLY) is a toxin produced by Clostridium botulinum that belongs to a group of thiol-activated hemolysins. In this study, a protein exhibiting hemolytic activity was purified from the culture supernatant of C. botulinum serotype D strain 4947. The purified protein displayed a single band by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with a molecular mass of 55kDa, and its N-terminal and internal amino acid sequences exhibited high similarity to a group of thiol-activated hemolysins produced by gram-positive bacteria...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Murugan N, Malathi J, Umashankar V, Madhavan H N
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa VRFPA04, obtained from a keratitis patient was found to exhibit resistance to betalactam (Penicillins, cephalosporins, including carbapenems, except aztreonam), aminoglycosides, quinolone group of drugs and susceptible to colistin. The complete genome sequencing of the ocular isolate to measure and ascertain the degree of multidrug resistance in VRFPA04 strain resulted in 6,818,030bp (6.8Mb) genome sizes, which happen to be the third largest genome available in the Genbank to date...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Ramalingam Radhakrishnan, Jae-Man Park, In-Jung Lee
Very few bacterial species were identified as bio-herbicides for weed control. The present research was focused to elucidate the plant growth retardant properties of Enterobacter sp. I-3 during their interaction by determining the changes in endogenous photosynthetic pigments, plant hormones and amino acids. The two bacterial isolates I-4-5 and I-3 were used to select the superior bacterium for controlling weed seeds (Echinochloa crus-galli L. and Portulaca oleracea L.) germination. The post-inoculation of I-3 (Enterobacter sp...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Aneta Sowa-Jasiłek, Agnieszka Zdybicka-Barabas, Sylwia Stączek, Jerzy Wydrych, Krzysztof Skrzypiec, Paweł Mak, Kamil Deryło, Marek Tchórzewski, Małgorzata Cytryńska
The greater wax moth Galleria mellonella has been increasingly used as a model host to determine Candida albicans virulence and efficacy of antifungal treatment. The G. mellonella lysozyme, similarly to its human counterpart, is a member of the c-type family of lysozymes that exhibits antibacterial and antifungal activity. However, in contrast to the relatively well explained bactericidal action, the mechanism of fungistatic and/or fungicidal activity of lysozymes is still not clear. In the present study we provide the direct evidences that the G...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Rishikesh Kumar, Madhvi Soni, Kalyan K Mondal
Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate. Xap secretes effector proteins via type III secretion system (T3SS) to suppress pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered plant immunity (PTI). Previously we reported that XopN, a conserved effector of Xap, modulate in planta bacterial growth, and blight disease. In continuation to that here we report the deletion of XopN from Xap caused higher accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) including H2O2 and O2(-)...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Dongjie Fan, Qiming Zhou, Chuanpeng Liu, Jianzhong Zhang
Trigger factor (TF) is one of the multiple bacterial chaperone proteins interacting with nascent peptides and facilitating their folding in bacteria. While TF is well-characterized in E. coli, HP0795, a TF-like homologue gene identified earlier in the pathogenic Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), has not been studied biochemically to date. To characterize its function as a chaperone, we performed 3D-modeling, cross-linking and in vitro enzyme assays to HP0795 in vitro. Our results show that HP0795 possesses peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity and exhibits a dimeric structure in solution...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Qiuchun Li, Xiaolei Xie, Kequan Yin, Yueyuan Tang, Xiaohui Zhou, Yun Chen, Jie Xia, Yachen Hu, Hanne Ingmer, Yang Li, Xinan Jiao
Staphylococcus epidermidis is considered as a major cause of nosocomial infections, bringing an immense burden to healthcare systems. Virulent phages have been confirmed to be efficient in combating the pathogen, but the prensence of CRISPR-Cas system, which is a bacterial immune system eliminating phages was reported in few S. epidermidis strains. In this study, the CRISPR-Cas system was detected in 12 from almost 300 published genomes in GenBank and by PCR of cas6 gene in 18 strains out of 130 clinical isolates obtained in Copenhagen...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
Georgios Banilas, Georgios Sgouros, Aspasia Nisiotou
Lachancea (Kluyveromyces) thermotolerans is an important member of the grape/wine yeast community with great technological potential for the wine industry. Although several molecular marker techniques have been developed for typing different yeast species, no one has been designed so far for L. thermotolerans. Here we present a simple and efficient method based on a multilocus SSR analysis for molecular typing and genetic diversity assessment of L. thermotolerans isolates. Following whole genome screening, five polymorphic microsatellite markers were selected and tested on a panel of grape isolates from different vineyards of two geographically separated viticultural zones, Nemea and Peza, in Greece...
December 2016: Microbiological Research
L Rivas-Jimenez, K Ramírez-Ortiz, A F González-Córdova, B Vallejo-Cordoba, H S Garcia, A Hernandez-Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Ning Liu, Guo-Ao Ning, Xiao-Hong Liu, Xiao-Xiao Feng, Jian-Ping Lu, Li-Juan Mao, Zhen-Zhu Su, Ying Wang, Chu-Long Zhang, Fu-Cheng Lin
The endophytic fungus Harpophora oryzae is a beneficial endosymbiont isolated from wild rice. H. oryzae can not only promote rice growth and biomass accumulation but also protect rice roots from invasion by its close relative Magnaporthe oryzae. Autophagy is a highly evolutionary conserved process from lower to higher eukaryotic organisms, and is involved in the maintenance of normal cell differentiation and development. In this study, we isolated a gene (HoATG5) which encodes an essential protein required for autophagy from the beneficial endophyte fungus H...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Lina Marcela Silva-Bedoya, María Solange Sánchez-Pinzón, Gloria Ester Cadavid-Restrepo, Claudia Ximena Moreno-Herrera
The operation of wastewater treatment technologies depends on a combination of physical, chemical and biological factors. Microorganisms present in wastewater treatment plants play essential roles in the degradation and removal of organic waste and xenobiotic pollutants. Several microorganisms have been used in complementary treatments to process effluents rich in fats and oils. Microbial lipases have received significant industrial attention because of their stability, broad substrate specificity, high yields, and regular supply, as well as the fact that the microorganisms producing them grow rapidly on inexpensive media...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Udai B Singh, Deepti Malviya, Wasiullah, Shailendra Singh, Jatindra K Pradhan, Bhanu P Singh, Manish Roy, Mohd Imram, Neelam Pathak, B M Baisyal, Jai P Rai, B K Sarma, Rajiv K Singh, P K Sharma, Saman Deep Kaur, M C Manna, Sushil K Sharma, Arun K Sharma
Sheath blight of rice (Oryza sativa L.) caused by Rhizoctonia solani is a major disease and attempts are being made to develop microbe based technologies for biocontrol of this pathogen. However, the mechanisms of biocontrol are not fully understood and still require indepth study in the backdrop of emerging concepts in biological systems. The present investigation was aimed at deciphering the mechanisms of biocontrol of sheath blight of rice employing Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma harzianum as model agents for biocontrol...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Xiaoli Yu, Haiying Jin, Xuelian Cheng, Qian Wang, Qingsheng Qi
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), the committed intermediate of the heme biosynthetic pathway, attracts close attention among researchers because of its potential applications to cancer treatment and agriculture. Overexpression of heterologous hemA and hemL, which encode glutamyl-tRNA reductase and glutamate-1-semialdehyde aminotransferase, respectively, in Corynebacterium glutamicum produces ALA, although whether ALA accumulation causes unintended effects on the host is unknown. Here we used an integrated systems approach to compare global transcriptional changes induced by the expression of hemA and hemL...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
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