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Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098070/epidemiology-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-cattle-in-china-a-review
#1
Chao Gong, Xue-Feng Cao, Lei Deng, Wei Li, Xiang-Ming Huang, Jing-Chao Lan, Qi-Cheng Xiao, Zhi-Jun Zhong, Fan Feng, Yue Zhang, Wen-Bo Wang, Ping Guo, Kong-Ju Wu, Guang-Neng Peng
The present review discusses the findings of cryptosporidiosis research conducted in cattle in China and highlights the currently available information on Cryptosporidium epidemiology, genetic diversity, and distribution in China, which is critical to understanding the economic and public health importance of cryptosporidiosis transmission in cattle. To date, 10 Cryptosporidium species have been detected in cattle in China, with an overall infection rate of 11.9%. The highest rate of infection (19.5%) was observed in preweaned calves, followed by that in juveniles (10...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008825/simulating-the-elimination-of-sleeping-sickness-with-an-agent-based-model
#2
Pascal Grébaut, Killian Girardin, Valentine Fédérico, François Bousquet
Although Human African Trypanosomiasis is largely considered to be in the process of extinction today, the persistence of human and animal reservoirs, as well as the vector, necessitates a laborious elimination process. In this context, modeling could be an effective tool to evaluate the ability of different public health interventions to control the disease. Using the Cormas(®) system, we developed HATSim, an agent-based model capable of simulating the possible endemic evolutions of sleeping sickness and the ability of National Control Programs to eliminate the disease...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008824/triloculotrema-euzeti-n-sp-monogenea-monocotylidae-from-the-nasal-tissues-of-the-blackspotted-smooth-hound-mustelus-punctulatus-carcharhiniformes-triakidae-from-off-tunisia
#3
Lobna Boudaya, Lassad Neifar
Triloculotrema euzeti n. sp. (Monogenea, Monocotylidae, Merizocotylinae) is described from the nasal tissues of the blackspotted smooth-hound Mustelus punctulatus collected from the coastal marine waters off Tunisia. The new parasite species is distinguished from the other two species of the genus, T. japanicae Kearn, 1993 and T. chisholmae Justine, 2009, by the morphology of the sclerotised male copulatory organ which has longitudinal ridges. The species is also characterised by its oötype with short descending and ascending limbs (long and more convoluted in the other two species)...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004635/host-specificity-and-the-structure-of-helminth-parasite-communities-of-fishes-in-a-neotropical-river-in-mexico
#4
Guillermo Salgado-Maldonado, María Teresa Novelo-Turcotte, Juan Manuel Caspeta-Mandujano, Gabriela Vazquez-Hurtado, Benjamin Quiroz-Martínez, Norman Mercado-Silva, Mario Favila
In a tropical locality of Río La Antigua, Veracruz, Mexico, 11 fish species, represented by 244 individual fish from six freshwater fish families living sympatrically and synchronically, were examined for helminth parasites. A total of 36 taxa of helminths were recorded, 24 autogenic and 12 allogenic forms, including 6 monogeneans, 14 trematodes, 1 cestode, and 15 nematodes. Most helminth taxa were recovered for 10/11 of the component communities we analyzed. The results contribute empirical evidence that host specificity is an important force in the development of helminth communities of freshwater fishes...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004634/polymorphisms-in-k13-pfcrt-pfmdr1-pfdhfr-and-pfdhps-in-parasites-isolated-from-symptomatic-malaria-patients-in-burkina-faso
#5
Anyirékun Fabrice Somé, Hermann Sorgho, Issaka Zongo, Thomas Bazié, Frédéric Nikiéma, Amadé Sawadogo, Moussa Zongo, Yves-Daniel Compaoré, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo
BACKGROUND: The emergence of resistance to artemisinin derivatives in western Cambodia is threatening to revert the recent advances made toward global malaria control and elimination. Known resistance-mediating polymorphisms in the K13, pfcrt, pfmdr1, pfdhfr, and pfdhps genes are of greatest importance for monitoring the spread of antimalarial drug resistance. METHODS: Samples for the present study were collected from 244 patients with uncomplicated malaria in health centers of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000591/relative-importance-of-meteorological-and-geographical-factors-in-the-distribution-of-fasciola-hepatica-infestation-in-farmed-sheep-in-qinghai-province-china
#6
Hongyu Qin, Xiang Gao, Hongbin Wang, Jianhua Xiao
Fasciola hepatica is an important trematode parasite of economic importance that infests sheep and cattle worldwide. We conducted a detailed investigation into the spatial distribution of F. hepatica infestation in farmed sheep in Qinghai (Wutumeiren) province, Mainland China. Mathematical modelling was used to assess the inter-relationships between meteorological and geographical factors and the risk of F. hepatica infestation across the province. A capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test (MM3-SERO) was used to detect F...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000590/parasitoids-of-the-eucalyptus-gall-wasp-leptocybe-invasa-hymenoptera-eulophidae-in-china
#7
Xia-Lin Zheng, Zong-You Huang, Dan Dong, Chun-Hui Guo, Jun Li, Zhen-De Yang, Xiu-Hao Yang, Wen Lu
Leptocybe invasa Fisher & La Salle (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) is an invasive pest in Eucalyptus plantations throughout the world. Potential biological control agents for L. invasa were investigated in the Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Jiangxi, and Sichuan provinces of China, where Eucalyptus spp. have been severely damaged by the eucalyptus gall wasp. Three hymenopteran parasitoids of L. invasa were identified: Quadrastichus mendeli Kim & La Salle (Eulophidae), Aprostocetus causalis La Salle & Wu (Eulophidae), and Megastigmus viggianii Narendran & Sureshan (Torymidae); M...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991415/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-a-topical-combination-of-fipronil-permethrin-frontline-tri-act-%C3%A2-frontect-%C3%A2-against-egg-laying-and-adult-emergence-of-the-cat-flea-ctenocephalides-felis-in-dogs
#8
Frédéric Beugnet, Lénaïg Halos, Wilfried Lebon, Julian Liebenberg
This study was conducted to assess the prevention of egg laying and the inhibition of the emergence of the cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) resulting from the application of a combination of fipronil and permethrin (Frontline Tri-Act(®)/Frontect(®), Merial) on dogs. Sixteen healthy dogs were included after pre-treatment live flea counts and randomly allocated to two groups. Eight dogs served as untreated controls and 8 dogs were treated on Day 0 and Day 30 with topical application of fipronil/permethrin at the minimum dose of 6...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991414/a-description-of-echinorhynchus-baeri-kostylew-1928-acanthocephala-echinorhynchidae-from-salmo-trutta-in-turkey-with-notes-on-synonymy-geographical-origins-geological-history-molecular-profile-and-x-ray-microanalysis
#9
Omar M Amin, Richard A Heckmann, R Paul Evans, Yahya Tepe
A population of Echinorhynchus baeri Kostylew, 1928 with 18-24 rows of 8-10 proboscis hooks each and long fusiform eggs measuring 95-110 × 18-22 μm collected from Salmo trutta (Salmonidae) in a branch of the Murat River in Turkey is described and specimens are designated as neotype. Specimens of two similar populations of E. baeri (E. baeri Kostylew, 1928 and E. sevani Dinnik, 1932) were previously described from Salmo ischchan in Lake Sevan, Armenia. Waters of Lake Sevan and the Murat River were previously joined during the Middle Miocene-Pliocene...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921993/can-sergentomyia-diptera-psychodidae-play-a-role-in-the-transmission-of-mammal-infecting-leishmania
#10
Carla Maia, Jérôme Depaquit
Leishmaniases are parasitic diseases caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania. The parasites, which infect various wild and domestic mammals, including humans, are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies belonging to the Phlebotomus genus in the Old World and to several genera (including Lutzomyia, Psychodopygus and Nyssomyia) in the New World. In this paper, we consider the genus Sergentomyia as divided into seven subgenera, mainly based on spermathecal morphology: Sergentomyia, Sintonius, Parrotomyia, Rondanomyia, Capensomyia, Vattieromyia and Trouilletomyia...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905271/the-effects-of-climate-factors-on-scabies-a-14-year-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#11
Jui-Ming Liu, Hsiao-Wei Wang, Fung-Wei Chang, Yueh-Ping Liu, Feng-Hsiang Chiu, Yi-Chun Lin, Kuan-Chen Cheng, Ren-Jun Hsu
Scabies is a common infectious disease and can cause severe outbreaks if not controlled quickly. Besides personal contact history, environmental factors are also important. This study analyzed the effects of environmental climate factors on the incidence of scabies in Taiwan. We conducted a 14-year nationwide population-based study: a total of 14,883 patients with scabies infestation were enrolled. Monthly climate data were collected from Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau, including data on temperature, relative humidity, total rainfall, total rain days, and total sunshine hours...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882868/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-risk-factors-in-domestic-sheep-in-henan-province-central-china
#12
Nian Zhang, Shuai Wang, Dong Wang, Chaoying Li, Zhenchao Zhang, Zhijun Yao, Tingting Li, Qing Xie, Shiguo Liu, Haizhu Zhang
Sheep are highly susceptible to infections with Toxoplasma gondii and play a major role in the transmission of toxoplasmosis to humans. In the present study, 779 serum samples from sheep were collected from Henan province, central China from March 2015 to May 2016, and antibodies to T. gondii were detected by modified agglutination test (MAT). The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii in sheep was 12.71% (99/779). The risk factors significantly associated with T. gondii seroprevalence were the geographical origin, age, presence of cats, and the rearing system...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882867/subtyping-of-cryptosporidium-cuniculus-and-genotyping-of-enterocytozoon-bieneusi-in-rabbits-in-two-farms-in-heilongjiang-province-china
#13
Ziyin Yang, Wei Zhao, Yujuan Shen, Weizhe Zhang, Ying Shi, Guangxu Ren, Di Yang, Hong Ling, Fengkun Yang, Aiqin Liu, Jianping Cao
Cryptosporidium spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are two prevalent opportunistic pathogens in humans and animals. Currently, few data are available on genetic characterization of both pathogens in rabbits in China. The aim of the present study was to understand prevalence and genetic characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. and E. bieneusi in rabbits. We collected 215 fecal samples from 150 Rex rabbits and 65 New Zealand White rabbits on two different farms in Heilongjiang Province, China. Cryptosporidium spp...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849517/a-targeted-door-to-door-strategy-for-sleeping-sickness-detection-in-low-prevalence-settings-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#14
Mathurin Koffi, Martial N'Djetchi, Hamidou Ilboudo, Dramane Kaba, Bamoro Coulibaly, Emmanuel N'Gouan, Lingué Kouakou, Bruno Bucheton, Philippe Solano, Fabrice Courtin, Stephan Ehrhardt, Vincent Jamonneau
Significant efforts to control human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) over the three past decades have resulted in drastic reductions of disease prevalence in Côte d'Ivoire. In this context, the costly and labor-intensive active mass screening strategy is no longer efficient. In addition to a more cost-effective passive surveillance system being implemented in this low-prevalence context, our aim was to develop an alternative targeted active screening strategy. In 2012, we carried out a targeted door-to-door (TDD) survey focused on the immediate vicinities of former HAT patients detected in the HAT focus of Bonon and compared the results to those obtained during classical active mass screening (AMS) surveys conducted from 2000 to 2012 in the same area...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849516/studies-of-laboulbeniales-on-myrmica-ants-iii-myrmecophilous-arthropods-as-alternative-hosts-of-rickia-wasmannii
#15
Walter P Pfliegler, Ferenc Báthori, Danny Haelewaters, András Tartally
Myrmecophilous arthropods and their manifold relations to host ants are interesting from an evolutionary perspective. Rickia wasmannii is an ectoparasitic fungus belonging to the Laboulbeniales order. Here, we show that inquiline mites can become infected by R. wasmannii, which was thought to be restricted to the genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). This is the first report of R. wasmannii from an alternative host in another subphylum (Chelicerata). We also found immature fruiting bodies on a larva of Microdon myrmicae (Diptera: Syrphidae), which represents the first report of any Rickia species on flies...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849515/review-of-west-nile-virus-circulation-and-outbreak-risk-in-madagascar-entomological-and-ornithological-perspectives
#16
Michaël Luciano Tantely, Steven M Goodman, Tsirinaina Rakotondranaivo, Sébastien Boyer
West Nile fever (WNF) is a zoonotic disease, occurring nearly globally. In Madagascar, West Nile virus (WNV) was first detected in 1978 from wild birds and the virus is currently distributed across the island, but no epidemic or epizootic period has been recorded. One fatal human case of WNV infection was reported in 2011, suggesting a "tip of the iceberg" phenomenon of a possible WNF epidemic/epizootic on the island. The main objective of this literature-based survey is to review patterns of WNV circulation in Madagascar from the entomological and ornithological points of view...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849514/first-record-of-phlebotomus-transphlebotomus-mascittii-in-slovakia
#17
Vit Dvorak, Kristyna Hlavackova, Alica Kocisova, Petr Volf
A large-scale entomological survey was carried out in summer 2016 in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It revealed, for the first time, the presence of the phlebotomine sand fly Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908 (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in south-western Slovakia. Species identification of a captured female was confirmed by both morphological and sequencing (COI) analyses.
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845028/ultrastructural-study-of-vitellogenesis-and-oogenesis-of-crepidostomum-metoecus-digenea-allocreadiidae-intestinal-parasite-of-salmo-trutta-pisces-teleostei
#18
Samuel Greani, Yann Quilichini, Bernard Marchand
We describe the vitellogenesis and oogenesis of Crepidostomum metoecus from Salmo trutta collected in Corsica. This is the first study conducted in the Allocreadiidae family. The maturation of C. metoecus vitellocytes comprises four different stages depending on organelle content. The follicular vitellarium is surrounded by a basal lamina. Vitellocytes are randomly distributed into the vitellarium, although fully mature vitellocytes are found in the center of the follicle. During maturation, the nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio decreases, whereas synthetic activity increases...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774956/current-decline-in-the-number-and-size-of-galba-truncatula-and-omphiscola-glabra-populations-intermediate-hosts-of-fasciola-hepatica-on-the-acidic-soils-of-central-france
#19
Gilles Dreyfuss, Philippe Vignoles, Daniel Rondelaud
Field investigations on the habitats colonized by Galba truncatula or Omphiscola glabra were carried out on 162 farms of the Limousin region, Central France, to determine whether there is currently a decline in the number and size of snail populations. Seven types of snail habitats were considered here. Compared to the numbers of snail populations recorded from 1976 to 1992, the values noted from 2013 to 2016 were significantly lower, with a decline rate of 34% for G. truncatula and 23% for O. glabra. Variations in this decline rate with the type of snail habitat were also noted...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762213/comparison-of-toxoplasma-gondii-igg-avidity-architect-and-vidas-assays-with-the-estimated-date-of-infection-in-pregnant-women
#20
Aurélie Smets, Thomas Fauchier, Grégory Michel, Pierre Marty, Christelle Pomares
A maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy is a risk for congenital infection through maternal-fetal transplacental transmission. Estimation of the date of infection is of the utmost importance for management and treatment recommendations. In this setting, IgG avidity has been shown to be useful as high avidity rules out an infection dating less than 4 months. The estimated date of infection can also be obtained by the ratio of T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Vidas (bioMérieux) assay versus T...
2016: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
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