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International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149116/solving-the-problem-of-smoking-in-the-polish-enterprises-during-2003-2015
#1
Elżbieta Korzeniowska, Krzysztof Puchalski
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking is a major organizational, economical, and public relations-related (PR-related) problem for the company. Moreover, it is an important health determinant of the working population. The paper reports the results of the research which analyzed the current state and the tobacco control activities' transformations undertaken by Polish employers between 2003 and 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comes from the research performed in 2006, 2010 and 2015, involving random- selected representative samples of Polish enterprises, employing no fewer than 50 employees...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099505/histological-findings-and-lung-dust-analysis-as-the-basis-for-occupational-disease-compensation-in-asbestos-related-lung-cancer-in-germany
#2
Inke Sabine Feder, Anja Theile, Andrea Tannapfel
OBJECTIVES: This study has researched the significance of histologically raised findings and lung dust analyses in the context of claiming the recognition of and thus compensation for an asbestos-associated occupational disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this approach, all findings from the German Mesothelioma Register in 2015 that included lung dust analyses were evaluated and were compared with information on asbestos fiber exposure at work based on fiber years, and with the results of radiological findings...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072713/leisure-time-physical-inactivity-among-healthcare-workers
#3
Saulo Vasconcelos Rocha, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Tania Maria Araújo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI) and associated factors among healthcare workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study carried out with 2684 healthcare workers from 4 municipalities from the northeast region, Brazil. The LTPI was assessed by dichotomous question. The association between LTPI and the various independent variables was examined through the multinomial logistic regression analysis (crude and adjusted)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072712/the-determinants-of-lead-and-cadmium-blood-levels-for-preschool-children-from-industrially-contaminated-sites-in-poland
#4
Małgorzata Kowalska, Elżbieta Kulka, Wanda Jarosz, Michał Kowalski
OBJECTIVES: Industrially contaminated sites (ICS) represent an important public health issue in European countries. The Silesian Voivodeship, the region located in the southern part of Poland, the historical center of industry, has many sites that meet ICS criteria. Most of them are landfills containing lead, cadmium and zinc. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study has been to evaluate determinants of lead and cadmium blood levels for preschool children living in the vicinity of selected environmental hazards in Piekary Śląskie, the city located in the region of Silesia...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072711/seroprevalence-of-anti-hav-total-antibodies-among-workers-in-wastewater-treatment-plants
#5
Elka Ilieva Toseva, Mariya Vasileva Atanasova, Tanya Hristova Turnovska
OBJECTIVES: Data on high frequency of hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies for wastewater treatment staff is contradictory. Literature lacks data on the seroprevalence of antibodies to HAV (anti-HAV) among workers in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Bulgaria. The aim of this study is to establish a specific humoral immune response to hepatitis A virus - anti-HAV total antibodies among staff in WWTPs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A complex study of health and working conditions included 110 subjects working in 3 WWTPs in Bulgaria (74% of all workers in the 3 studied WWTPs and 20% of all employees in Bulgaria registered in 2014 under the wastewater collection, discharge and treatment code of economic activity)...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072710/economic-situation-and-occupational-accidents-in-poland-2002-2014-panel-data-regional-study
#6
Błażej Łyszczarz, Ewelina Nojszewska
OBJECTIVES: Occupational accidents constitute a substantial health and economic burden for societies around the world and a variety of factors determine the frequency of accidents at work. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the economic situation and the rate of occupational accidents in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis comprised data for 66 Polish sub-regions taken from the Central Statistical Office's Local Data Bank. The regression analysis with panel data for period 2002-2014 was applied to identify the relationships involved...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072709/auditory-fatigue-among-call-dispatchers-working-with-headsets
#7
Thomas Venet, Ayoub Bey, Pierre Campo, Joël Ducourneau, Quentin Mifsud, Charles Hoffmann, Aurélie Thomas, Marc Mouzé-Amady, Cécile Parietti-Winkler
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether call center dispatchers wearing headsets are subject to auditory fatigue at the end of a work shift. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was gathered at times when call centers were busiest. All call operators wore a headset for up to 12 h. Acoustic environment and noise exposure under the headset were continuously recorded during the entire work shift. Variations in auditory parameters were assessed using pure-tone air-conduction audiometry and an objective test based on distortion product otoacoustic emissions - contralateral suppression of distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) amplitudes (EchoScan test)...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063910/health-status-of-long-term-sick-leave-and-working-female-teachers-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Julia Brütting, Diana Druschke, Silvia Spitzer, Reingard Seibt
OBJECTIVES: Limited research on the health situation of teachers on long-term sick leave is available. The aim of this study has been to describe the health status of female teachers on long-term sick leave (LSFT) in comparison to working female teachers (WFT) and to determine predictors for their state of mental health (MH) and cardiovascular fitness (CF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight LSFT and 300 WFT (average age: 53±5 years old) participated in a screening diagnostic inventory...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063909/prevalence-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-its-correlation-with-pain-amongst-female-hairdressers
#9
Bekir Enes Demiryurek, Aslı Aksoy Gündoğdu
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) may develop with repetitive and forced movements of the hands and wrists. In this study, we have aimed to evaluate whether the frequency of CTS is increased amongst female hairdressers as compared with unemployed women or not. Besides, we have also analyzed whether the functionality and pain intensity levels amongst female hairdressers with CTS are different from the ones of unemployed women with CTS or not. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The consecutive female hairdressers and unemployed women who had referred to our electroneuromyography (ENMG) laboratory for the upper extremity nerve conduction studies were included...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035402/respiratory-parameters-at-varied-altitudes-in-intermittent-mining-work
#10
Alessandro Bacaloni, Margarita Cecilia Zamora Saà, Federica Sinibaldi, Alessia Steffanina, Susanna Insogna
OBJECTIVES: Workers in the mining industry in altitude are subjected to several risk factors, e.g., airborne silica and low barometric pressure. The aim of this study has been to assess the risks for this work category, evaluating single risk factors as airborne silica, altitude and work shift, and relating them with cardiovascular and ventilatory parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Healthy miners employed in a mining company, Chile, working at varied altitudes, and subjected to unusual work shifts, were evaluated...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021634/lipopolysaccharide-accelerates-fine-particulate-matter-induced-cell-apoptosis-in-human-lung-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#11
Qin Ru, Qi Xiong, Lin Chen, Xiang Tian, Kai Yue, Baomiao Ma, Lu Liu, Rihui Wu, Congyue Xu, Mingshan Pi, Chaoying Li
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study has been to investigate the effect of the Standard Reference Material of fine particulate matter (SRM 2786) on cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human lung bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE cells). Whether the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation could further accelerate cell apoptosis induced by SRM 2786 stimulation has also been determined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 16HBE cells were exposed to various doses of SRM 2786 with or without LPS...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991270/how-job-and-family-demands-impact-change-in-perceived-stress-a-dyadic-study
#12
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieślak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this two-wave study has been to test the spillover and crossover of job and family demands on changes in perceived stress at work and in the family. Specifically, we proposed that demands from one domain (work or family) spilled over to another domain through interrrole conflict (work-family/family-work conflict) and context-specific self-efficacy. Additionally, we hypothesized that changes in perceived stress were impacted not only by a person's own demands through interrole conflict but also by the demands of one's significant other, in the process of crossover...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972600/spirometric-and-hygienic-criteria-in-recognition-of-occupational-copd-in-poland-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medical-records
#13
Aneta Kleniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Kamila Szcześniak, Marta Wiszniewska
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be work-related. It has been estimated that 15% of the population burden of COPD is attributable to occupational exposure. However, in Poland COPD is rarely recognized as an occupational disease. The aim of the study has been to analyze the causes of the low prevalence of work-related COPD in the context of the existing criteria as well as to analyze which part of the assessment - clinical or hygienic one - is responsible for such a low rate of occupational COPD recognitions...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972599/determination-of-pain-in-musculoskeletal-system-reported-by-office-workers-and-the-pain-risk-factors
#14
Sevim Celik, Kadir Celik, Elif Dirimese, Nurten Taşdemir, Tarik Arik, İbrahim Büyükkara
OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted as a cross-sectional descriptive study aimed at determining the existence of pain in the musculoskeletal system among office workers and the reasons for it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 528 office workers. Collection of data was achieved using a questionnaire prepared by the researchers in line with information from the literature. RESULTS: The male and female office workers most frequently complained of pain in the lower back (55...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972598/evaluation-of-occupational-physical-load-during-6-month-international-crisis-management-operation
#15
Kai Pihlainen, Matti Santtila, Tommi Vasankari, Keijo Häkkinen, Heikki Kyröläinen
OBJECTIVES: Generally, operational military duties are associated with a variety of stressors, such as prolonged physical activity (PA). However, limited information is available on the occupational workload or changes in PA during international military operations. Thus, the aim of the study was to investigate the changes in body composition, stress biomarkers, PA, and heart rate (HR) responses of 79 male soldiers during a 6-month international crisis management operation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Measurements were conducted 3 times in South-Lebanon during the operation...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967647/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-disability-due-to-low-back-pain-among-care-workers
#16
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Taiki Sugimoto, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and disability due to low back pain (LBP) among care workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 656 care workers having experienced LBP in the year prior to the year of this study. The Roland-Morris Disability questionnaire (RDQ) and self-reported questionnaires regarding LBP, fear of movement, depressive symptom, psychosocial factors, intensity of pain, and duration of pain were administered, and a medical examination was performed...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967646/zinc-exposure-for-female-workers-in-a-galvanizing-plant-in-northern-italy
#17
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Very little is known regarding the toxicokinetics of inhaled zinc, in particular in the case of female workers and for modern, low exposure settings. Our aim is to evaluate the relationship of external zinc levels to those of serum and urine for female workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven female workers (age: 41.7±8 years old, body mass index (BMI): 23.5±4.2 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) in a galvanizing plant were investigated. Exposure assessment consisted of personal/environmental air samples, and measurement of zinc in serum (collected at the end of first shift of the working week (T1)) and urine, collected before the first shift of the working week (T0), T1 and at the end of the last shift of the working week (T2)...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956553/benzene-exposure-from-the-bp-refinery-flaring-incident-alters-hematological-and-hepatic-functions-among-smoking-subjects
#18
Mark A D'Andrea, G Kesava Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the health effects of benzene exposure among smoking subjects from a prolonged flaring incident that occurred at the British Petroleum (BP) refinery in Texas City, USA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included smoking subjects who had been exposed and unexposed to the benzene release. Using medical charts, clinical data including white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in the case of smoking subjects exposed to benzene was reviewed and analyzed...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953269/small-for-gestational-age-prevalence-risk-factors-in-central-appalachian-states-with-mountain-top-mining
#19
Hamid Ferdosi, Steve H Lamm, Nana Ama Afari-Dwamena, Elisabeth Dissen, Rusan Chen, Ji Li, Manning Feinleib
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for small-for-gestational age (SGA) for counties in central Appalachian states (Kentucky (KY), Tennessee (TN), Virginia (VA), and West Virginia (WV)) with varied coal mining activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Live birth certificate files (1990-2002) were used for obtaining SGA prevalence rates for mothers based on the coal mining activities of their counties of residence, mountain-top mining (MTM) activities, underground mining activities but no mountain-top mining activity (non-MTM), or having no mining activities (non-mining)...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930301/night-shift-work-and-risk-of-compromised-visual-acuity-among-the-workers-in-an-electronics-manufacturing-company
#20
Yu-Cheng Lin, Kuo-Jung Ho
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between night-shift work exposure and visual health, this cross-sectional study utilized visual acuity, a surrogate measure for visual function, as a parameter, and performed an analysis comparing visual acuity between daytime and nighttime employees in an electronics manufacturing company. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of personal histories, occupational records, physical examinations and blood tests was obtained from the electronic health records of workers...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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