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International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481382/impact-of-road-traffic-noise-on-sleep-disturbances-and-attention-disorders-amongst-school-children-living-in-upper-silesian-industrial-zone-poland
#1
Michał Skrzypek, Małgorzata Kowalska, Elżbieta M Czech, Ewa Niewiadomska, Jan E Zejda
OBJECTIVES: Published reports suggest that some adverse health impact may be related to noise exposure, and motor vehicle traffic is considered to be the main source of environmental hazard of noise. The aim of this study has been to assess an association between occurrence of sleep and attention disorders with exposure to the noise generated by motor vehicle traffic in the case of a large group of children living in an urban environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data was obtained using a cross sectional study design in Bytom (Silesia, Poland) from 2003-2007 for a selected group of 7-14 year olds (N = 5136)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481381/cardiovascular-risk-factors-determined-via-the-internet-in-2-periods-of-time-2004-2009-and-2010-2015-in-poland
#2
Bartosz G Trzeciak, Janusz Siebert, Piotr Gutknecht, Andrzej Molisz, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon
OBJECTIVES: Web information systems may serve as a diagnostic tool for the Internet users and they also support the epidemiological work of doctors and health care providers. As part of this study, a system has been created for detecting and calculating cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study has been the comparison of cardiovascular risk factors and calculated fatal cardiovascular risk in 2 periods of time: 2004-2009 and 2010-2015 in Poland, as determined via the Internet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The "Ryzyko program" ("Risk program") is available on the website of the Medical University of Gdańsk...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481380/factors-for-and-against-establishing-and-working-in-private-practice-correlated-with-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-of-ferman-physicians-in-schleswig-holstein-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Edgar Voltmer, Claudia Spahn, Erica Frank
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors in favor of or against establishing and working in private practice, to determine the quality of life and work-related behavior and experience patterns of German physicians working in private practice, and to analyze the correlation of those factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A representative sample of physicians in private practice in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, was surveyed according to a 2-year longitudinal design (T1 - 2008, N = 549 and T2 - 2010, N = 414)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481379/faster-health-deterioration-among-nail-technicians-occupationally-exposed-to-low-levels-of-volatile-organic-compounds
#4
Peter Grešner, Radosław Świercz, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska
OBJECTIVES: The study has aimed at investigating the subjective assessment of an individual's health status and comparing the prevalence of selected work-related symptoms among nail technicians occupationally exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) to the one among control subjects. Associations between occupational exposure to VOCs and the incidence of adverse health effects were also analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 145 female nail technicians and 152 control subjects...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481378/occupational-diseases-in-the-automotive-industry-in-czechia-geographic-and-medical-context
#5
Jan Jarolímek, Pavel Urban, Petr Pavlínek, Dagmar Dzurova
OBJECTIVES: The automotive industry represents the most important industrial sector in Czechia. The objective of this study has been to analyze the occurrence of occupational diseases (OD) in the automotive industry during the period from 2001 till 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on OD cases was retrieved from the National Registry of OD. Further, we conducted a survey in automotive companies with focus on occupational health services and positions of the companies in global production networks (GPNs)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481377/effects-of-6-week-nordic-walking-training-on-body-composition-and-antioxidant-status-for-women-55-years-of-age
#6
Agata Cebula, Anna Katarzyna Tyka, Wanda Pilch, Zbigniew Szyguła, Tomasz Pałka, Katarzyna Sztafa-Cabała, Barbara Frączek, Aleksander Tyka
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of 6-week Nordic walking (NW) workout with individually customized intensity, on the body composition, and oxidative stress biomarkers for women > 55 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen sedentary women (age 58.1±2.02 years old, body mass index (BMI) 26.74±2.72 kg/m2) worked out the NW 3 times/week over the 6-week period. Training intensity, which reflected the dominance of oxygen metabolism, was determined based on changes in physiological indicators during graded exercise on a treadmill (walking with poles)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481376/recovery-of-rescuers-from-a-24-h-shift-and-its-association-with-aerobic-fitness
#7
Katariina Lyytikäinen, Leena Toivonen, Esa Hynynen, Harri Lindholm, Heikki Kyröläinen
OBJECTIVES: Rescuers work in 24-h shifts and the demanding nature of the occupation requires adequate recovery between work shifts. The purpose of this study has been to find out what kind of changes in autonomic control may be seen during work shift and its recovery period in the case of rescuers. An additional interest has been to see if aerobic fitness is associated with recovery from work shifts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen male rescuers (aged 34±9 years old) volunteered to participate in the study...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481375/pleural-mesothelioma-in-household-members-of-asbestos-exposed-workers-in-friuli-venezia-giulia-italy
#8
Flavia D' Agostin, Paola de Michieli, Corrado Negro
OBJECTIVES: Malignant mesothelioma is closely associated to asbestos exposure. One such exposure may occur through contact with occupationally exposed household members and their belongings. This study examines the features of pleural mesothelioma attributable only to asbestos brought home by another family member. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data sources were 1063 mesothelioma cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2014, from the Friuli Venezia Giulia Mesothelioma Register...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481374/portuguese-version-of-the-swedish-occupational-fatigue-inventory-sofi-among-assembly-workers-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-validity
#9
Joana Santos, Carlos Carvalhais, Catarina Ramos, Tiago Coelho, Pedro Ribeiro Rocha Monteiro, Mário A P Vaz
OBJECTIVES: Reliable and valid instruments are essential for understanding fatigue in occupational settings. This study analyzed the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (SOFI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 218 workers from an automotive industry involved in assembly tasks for fabrication of mechanical cables. Convergent and discriminant validity, internal consistency reliability and confirmatory factor analysis were performed...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481373/pilot-study-of-contact-sensitization-to-rubber-allergens-and-bisphenol-a-amongst-dental-students
#10
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Assya Krasteva, Maria Dencheva, Mariana Tzekova, Georgy Nikolov, Mariela Yaneva-Deliverska, Angelina Kisselova-Yaneva
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study has been to evaluate the rate of contact sensitization to some rubber allergens and to bisphenol A (BPA) amongst students of dental medicine and dental patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 participants were included in the study: 40 students of dental medicine exposed to the studied rubber allergens and BPA-based dental materials during the course of their education; 10 dental patients without occupational exposure to the latter substances served as a control group...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481372/evaluation-of-occupation-hot-exposure-in-industrial-workplaces-in-a-subtropical-country
#11
Yu-Chiao Yang, Ming-Chi Wei, Show-Jen Hong
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study has been to evaluate the occupational heat exposure of 12 workers at 5 plants in a subtropical country. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The heat stresses and strain on workers in 5 plants were assessed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 7243 index (wet bulb globe temperature - WBGT) and the ISO 7933 index (maximum allowable exposure time - D<sub>lim</sub>). RESULTS: Results indicated that 42% of the subjects (5 workers) surpassed the WBGT limits...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481371/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-perception-of-working-conditions-a-survey-of-brazilian-dentists-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#12
Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Gabriella Barreto Soares, Renato Moreira Arcieri, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders amongst dentists who work in public clinics in São Paulo, Brazil, to investigate their awareness of the presence of risk factors in the workplace, disability due to pain, and the influence of pain on this awareness and disability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 204 dentists who work in public health clinics in the northwest of São Paulo, Brazil...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481370/employment-outcomes-for-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
Viviana R Carmona, Juana Gómez-Benito, Tania B Huedo-Medina, J Emilio Rojo
Access to employment plays a critical role in the recovery and functioning of people with schizophrenia. We have investigated the effectiveness of treatments to enhance employment outcomes for people with schizophrenia and evaluated the potential moderators of these outcomes. A literature search was conducted in CINAHL, Cochrane Databases, MEDLINE, ProQuest XML, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. Grey literature databases, references lists of the retrieved articles and specialized journals in the field were also inspected...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481369/e-smoking-emerging-public-health-problem
#14
REVIEW
Mateusz Jankowski, Grzegorz Brożek, Joshua Lawson, Szymon Skoczyński, Jan Eugeniusz Zejda
E-cigarette use has become increasingly popular, especially among the young. Its long-term influence upon health is unknown. Aim of this review has been to present the current state of knowledge about the impact of e-cigarette use on health, with an emphasis on Central and Eastern Europe. During the preparation of this narrative review, the literature on e-cigarettes available within the network PubMed was retrieved and examined. In the final review, 64 research papers were included. We specifically assessed the construction and operation of the e-cigarette as well as the chemical composition of the e-liquid; the impact that vapor arising from the use of e-cigarette explored in experimental models in vitro; and short-term effects of use of e-cigarettes on users' health...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366960/psychological-detachment-as-moderator-between-psychosocial-work-conditions-and-low-back-pain-development
#15
Tobias Mierswa, Michael Kellmann
OBJECTIVES: Recovery processes in leisure time influence the effect of psychosocial work factors on health issues. However, this function of recovery has been neglected in research regarding the influence of work-related risk factors on low back pain (LBP) development. The aim of this prospective study was to examine the function of psychological detachment - a relevant recovery experience - concerning the influence of psychosocial work factors on LBP development. A moderating function of detachment for the interplay of work factors and LBP was assumed...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366959/effort-reward-balance-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-supplementary-person-organization-fit-and-perceived-stress-among-middle-level-managers
#16
Małgorzata Waszkowska, Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Marcin Drabek, Dorota Merecz-Kot
OBJECTIVES: The study has aimed to identify the relations between the supplementary person-organization fit (P-O fit) and the perceived stress among managerial staff, with special regard to the mediating role of the effort-reward balance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of 715 middle-level managers, aged 25-64 years old, employed in large companies. To measure the selected variables, the authors used the Questionnaire of Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI), Perceived Stress Scale - 10 (PSS-10), and Person-Organization Fit Questionnaire...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366958/back-and-neck-pain-disability-and-upper-limb-symptoms-of-home-healthcare-workers-a-case-control-study-from-northern-italy
#17
Matteo Riccò, Federica Pezzetti, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are quite frequent in healthcare workers (HCWs), but data about MSD in home-based healthcare workers (HHWs) are lacking. In this study we describe the prevalence of MSD among Italian HHWs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among 300 random-selected female HCWs, the sample comprising 100 HHWs, 100 HCWs with a low exposure to patient handling (MAPO - Movimentazione e Assistenza Pazienti Ospedalizzati - Movement and Assistance of Hospital Patients index 0-5) and 100 HCWs with high exposure to patient handling (MAPO index ≥ 5...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366957/postures-of-upper-extremity-correlated-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-cts
#18
Chia-Liang Chiang, Chu-Yung Liao, Hsien-Wen Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Non-medical hospital staff members are in frequent contact with patients and therefore are required to perform a wide variety of repetitive and high-frequency activities. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between upper extremity activity and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) among non-medical hospital staff members. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Carpal tunnel syndrome in 144 non-medical hospital staff members was diagnosed using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), a physician's diagnosis, physical examination (Tinel's signs and Phalen test) and a nerve conduction velocity (NCV) test...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366956/study-of-arsenic-exposure-in-oral-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-in-west-bengal
#19
Pritha Pal, Ranjan Raychowdhury, Tuphan Kanti Dolai, Sanchita Roy, Rinini Dastidar, Ajanta Halder
OBJECTIVES: To study any possible correlation between arsenic toxicity and the development of oral carcinoma in West Bengal population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ethical clearance for this study was obtained from the Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences. Out of 30 785 patients attending our hospital from November 2012 to July 2015, 107 cases and 50 control individuals were selected. The hair and buccal smear samples were obtained upon their consent for the purpose of the analysis of arsenic count and cytogenetic damage, respectively...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366955/signs-and-symptoms-of-mercury-exposed-gold-miners
#20
Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Ludovic Bernaudat, Uwe Siebert, Gabriele Roider, Dennis Nowak, Gustav Drasch
OBJECTIVES: Gold miners use mercury to extract gold from ore adding liquid mercury to the milled gold-containing ore. This results in a mercury-gold compound, called amalgam. Miners smelt this amalgam to obtain gold, vaporizing it and finally inhaling the toxic mercury fumes. The objective was to merge and analyze data from different projects, to identify typical signs and symptoms of chronic inorganic mercury exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Miners and community members from various artisanal small-scale gold mining areas had been examined (Philippines, Mongolia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Indonesia)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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