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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225885/body-uneasiness-is-associated-with-food-addiction-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, Dorian A Lamis, Benedetto Farina, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, Anna Contardi
The main aim of the present study was to investigate the association between food addiction (FA) symptoms and body uneasiness in a nonclinical sample, while controlling for potential confounding variables. Participants (N = 395; 123 men) were administered self-report measures assessing FA, binge eating severity, body uneasiness, depressive symptoms, emotion dysregulation and socio-demographic variables. Body uneasiness was independently associated with FA symptoms (standardized beta coefficients ranging between 0...
September 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198606/a-case-series-to-investigate-food-related-fear-learning-and-extinction-using-in-vivo-food-exposure-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-clinical-application-of-the-inhibitory-learning-framework
#2
Valentina Cardi, Jenni Leppanen, David Mataix-Cols, Iain C Campbell, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe malnutrition. This study tested the hypothesis that fear of food is a learned behaviour and evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of gradual exposure to food to improve eating behaviour in people with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: Eighteen women were recruited and completed baseline self-reports. They were interviewed regarding early experiences of eating and the development of food-related anxiety. Participants received eight sessions of in vivo food exposure...
September 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198142/obsessive-compulsive-symptomatology-in-female-adolescent-inpatients-with-restrictive-compared-with-binge-purge-eating-disorders
#3
Yael Doreen Lewis, Tal Gilon Mann, Adi Enoch-Levy, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Doron Gothelf, Abraham Weizman, Daniel Stein
OBJECTIVE: Strong relationships exist between obsessive-compulsive (OC) disorder and eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the study was to investigate whether OC symptoms would be expressed differently in different ED types. METHOD: Ninety-four female adolescent inpatients with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R), 67 with binge/purge AN (AN-B/P), and 48 with bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed on admission and discharge using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorders Scale (YBC-EDS), Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
September 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159982/food-addiction-and-impaired-executive-functions-in-women-with-obesity
#4
Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, María Lozano-Madrid, Zaida Agüera, José A Fernández-Formoso, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Nuria Vilarrasa, Amador García-Ruiz-de-Gordejuela, Misericordia Veciana de Las Heras, Nuria Custal, Nuria Virgili, Rafael López-Urdiales, Ashley N Gearhardt, José M Menchón, Carles Soriano-Mas, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
BACKGROUND: Individuals with obesity (OB) often report suffering from addiction-like symptoms. As in addictions, deficits in executive function domains, such as decision-making and sustained attention, are found in OB. No study to date has examined the associations between food addiction, OB, and neuropsychological performance. METHOD: Thirty-three adult women with OB and 36 healthy weight controls completed the Yale Food Addiction Scale Version 2.0, a validated instrument used to assess food-related addictive behaviours...
August 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136346/associations-between-dimensions-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-examination-of-personality-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Cheri A Levinson, Stephanie C Zerwas, Leigh C Brosof, Laura M Thornton, Michael Strober, Bernadette Pivarunas, James J Crowley, Zeynep Yilmaz, Wade H Berrettini, Harry Brandt, Steven Crawford, Manfred M Fichter, Katherine A Halmi, Craig Johnson, Allan S Kaplan, Maria La Via, James Mitchell, Alessandro Rotondo, D Blake Woodside, Walter H Kaye, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are highly comorbid. However, the factors that account for this comorbidity are poorly understood. We examined the core dimensions of AN and OCD and psychological and personality factors shared by both disorders. METHOD: In path analyses (N = 732 women with either current AN or recovered from AN), we examined which factors were uniquely and independently associated with the core dimensions of AN and OCD...
August 22, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094893/predictors-of-outcome-among-young-adult-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Erika Nyman-Carlsson, Andreas Birgegård, Ingemar Engström, Sanna Aila Gustafsson, Lauri Nevonen
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis in cases of anorexia nervosa (AN) is unsatisfactory, and it is therefore important to examine pretreatment predictors of outcome. METHODS: Female AN patients (N = 74) included in a randomised controlled trial receiving individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or family-based treatment (FBT) were included. Predictors of the outcome were explored using pretreatment eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: In the CBT group, lower levels of emotional dysregulation and greater deficits in identifying and coping with inner states were predictors of weight increase, explaining 37...
August 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094889/food-addiction-and-other-addictive-behaviours-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#7
Astrid Müller, Crispin Leukefeld, Carolin Hase, Kerstin Gruner-Labitzke, Julian W Mall, Hinrich Köhler, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the association between food addiction (FA) and other addictive behaviours in 216 bariatric surgery candidates (91.7% class 3 obesity; 80.1% women; age Mdn = 44.00 years, range 18-73). METHOD: Assessment included the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) and standardized self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of disorders related to substance use (alcohol and nicotine) and behavioural addictions (gambling, Internet-use, buying, hypersexual disorders, and exercise dependence)...
August 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084217/illness-pathways-between-eating-disorder-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-understanding-comorbidity-with-network-analysis
#8
Irina A Vanzhula, Benjamin Calebs, Laura Fewell, Cheri A Levinson
Eating disorders (EDs) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid. However, specific mechanisms by which PTSD-ED comorbidity is maintained are unknown. The current study constructed two PTSD-ED comorbidity networks (25 EDs and 17 PTSD symptoms) in two samples: a clinical (N = 158 individuals with an ED diagnosis) and a nonclinical sample (N = 300 college students). Glasso networks were constructed to identify (1) pathways between disorders (bridge symptoms) and (2) core symptoms. Three illness pathways emerged: between binge eating and irritability, between desire for a flat stomach and disturbing dreams, and between concentration problems and weight and shape-related concentration problems...
August 7, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073739/confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-norwegian-version-of-the-repetitive-eating-questionnaire-further-evidence-for-two-distinct-subtypes-of-grazing-behaviour
#9
Deborah Lynn Reas, Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Joseph Wonderlich, Gro Syversen, Ingela Lundin Kvalem
OBJECTIVE: The Repetitive Eating Questionnaire, Rep(eat)-Q, is a 12-item self-report measure of compulsive and noncompulsive forms of grazing behaviour (i.e., eating modest amounts of food in a repetitive and unplanned manner). The aim was to validate the proposed two-factor model of the Rep(eat)-Q in a community sample. METHOD: A total of 190 university students (78% female) were administered the Rep(eat)-Q along with other measures of eating behaviour. Mean age was 22...
August 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062717/network-analysis-of-specific-psychopathology-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#10
Marco Solmi, Enrico Collantoni, Paolo Meneguzzo, Elena Tenconi, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Network analysis is increasingly applied to psychiatric populations to understand relationships among symptoms. METHODS: Network analysis was applied on 955 patients with anorexia nervosa (AN; 631 restricting-type [ANR] and 324 binge eating-/purging-type [ANBP]), assessed with Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire. RESULTS: Depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity (SCL-90), and ineffectiveness (EDI) had the highest centrality (strength from 1...
July 31, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062744/an-intensive-family-based-treatment-guided-intervention-for-medically-hospitalized-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-parental-self-efficacy-and-weight-related-outcomes
#11
Abigail Matthews, Claire M Peterson, James Peugh, Laurie Mitan
Recent studies suggest the efficacy of family-based treatment (FBT) among youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) in intensive treatment settings. This study aimed to assess weight outcomes in youth who received an FBT intervention while hospitalized for medical complications of AN. Parental self-efficacy among participating caregivers was also measured. Post-discharge weights of 49 participants were compared with weights of 44 youth who were hospitalized prior to the provision of the FBT intervention. Youth who received the FBT intervention gained significantly more weight than youth in the retrospective treatment as usual group at 3 and 6 months following discharge...
July 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058191/disordered-eating-behaviours-and-autistic-traits-are-there-any-associations-in-nonclinical-populations-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Stephanie Stensbjerg Christensen, Mette Bentz, Lars Clemmensen, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Else Marie Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review existing literature concerning the possible association between autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical populations. METHOD: We performed a systematic literature search in three large databases. Studies were included if they assessed any association between a broad range of autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical samples. RESULTS: Sixteen eligible studies were found covering 3,595 participants in total, including five studies on children/adolescents (n = 685)...
July 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039633/the-adult-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-in-a-bariatric-surgery-seeking-sample-factor-structure-convergent-validity-and-associations-with-bmi
#13
Hana F Zickgraf, Andrea Rigby
The aim of this study was to validate the Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ), a measure of food approach and avoidant traits, for use in bariatric surgery candidates. Participants were 337 bariatric surgery candidates in the Mid-Atlantic United States. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that one item did not load onto its original factor. A 34-item, eight-factor model had better fit than a seven-factor model; dropping the Hunger factor, as previously suggested, did not improve fit. The factors had good internal consistency and showed convergent/divergent validity with an existing measure of food approach traits...
July 23, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033569/infant-feeding-behaviours-and-attitudes-to-feeding-amongst-mothers-with-eating-disorders-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Maria Giulia Martini, Emma Taborelli, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Nadia Micali
This study aims to investigate breastfeeding, infant feeding behaviours, and attitudes to feeding amongst women with eating disorders (ED) and healthy controls (HC). Women with active ED (C-ED; N = 25), past ED (P-ED; N = 28), and HC (N = 46) were recruited in pregnancy and followed up longitudinally. Post-natally infant feeding behaviour was investigated at 8 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year and parental modelling at 1 and 2 years. Women with P-ED and C-ED reported higher concerns about their infant being/becoming overweight compared with HC, respectively, at 8 weeks and 6 months and 6 months only post-partum...
July 22, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028060/are-there-differences-between-men-and-women-in-outcome-of-intensive-inpatient-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa-an-analysis-of-routine-data
#15
Ulrich Voderholzer, Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Silke Naab, Manfred Fichter, Alexander Graetz, Martin Greetfeld, Jörg Heuser, Sandra Schlegl
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) in men is rare and understudied. We compared admission characteristics and response to specialized inpatient treatment between men and women with AN. METHOD: One hundred sixteen consecutive male patients with AN were matched to 116 female patients. Patients completed the self-rating Structured Inventory for Anorexic and Bulimic Syndromes (SIAB-S) at admission and discharge. Differences at admission and in treatment response were examined with independent samples t-tests and ANOVA for repeated measures, respectively...
July 20, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009554/the-importance-of-body-image-disturbances-for-the-outcome-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-results-of-the-antop-study
#16
Florian Junne, Beate Wild, Gaby Resmark, Katrin E Giel, Martin Teufel, Peter Martus, Katrin Ziser, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Martina de Zwaan, Bernd Löwe, Andreas Dinkel, Stephan Herpertz, Markus Burgmer, Sefik Tagay, Eva Rothermund, Almut Zeeck, Wolfgang Herzog, Stephan Zipfel
This study investigates the role of body image self-appraisal in predicting the outcomes of outpatient psychotherapy in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Multiple linear regression analyses and a path-analysis model were applied to test the study hypotheses that body image at baseline predicts treatment outcomes of outpatient psychotherapy in patients with AN at follow-up measurement. The analyses were conducted as secondary analyses in a subgroup (n = 148) of the anorexia nervosa treatment of outpatient-cohort (ANTOP-study) (N = 242) of patients with AN...
July 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009415/indirect-and-direct-measures-of-striving-for-perfection-moderate-body-mass-index-curves-in-the-intensive-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Kathleen De Cuyper, Dirk Hermans, Guido Pieters, Laurence Claes, Kristof Vansteelandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003654/food-addiction-among-men-and-women-in-india
#18
Ashley A Wiedemann, Jessica L Lawson, Paige M Cunningham, Kathryn M Khalvati, Janet A Lydecker, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address a cultural gap in the food addiction (FA) literature by examining FA and associated clinical features in a nonclinical group of men and women residing in India. METHOD: Participants (N = 415) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey about weight and eating. Participants completed self-report measures assessing FA (Yale Food Addiction Scale [YFAS]), eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire [EDE-Q]), health-related quality of life (Short Form Health Survey-12-item version [SF-12]), and depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2)...
July 12, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971860/testing-the-addictive-appetite-model-of-binge-eating-the-importance-of-craving-coping-and-reward-enhancement
#19
Monica Leslie, Robert Turton, Emilee Burgess, Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Janet Treasure
In the current study, we examine components of the "addictive appetite" model of recurrent binge eating. Specifically, we tested the influence of addictive processes and the influence of emotional regulation processes on recurrent binge eating behaviour. We recruited 79 women in total for the current study: 22 with bulimia nervosa, 26 weight-matched lean comparison women, 15 women with binge eating disorder, and 16 weight-matched overweight/obese comparison women. Participants completed questionnaire assessments of food craving and motivations for eating...
July 3, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003634/smartphone-based-cognitive-bias-modification-training-improves-healthy-food-choice-in-obesity-a-pilot-study
#20
Naomi Kakoschke, Chloe Hawker, Ben Castine, Barbora de Courten, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
Obesity is partly driven by unhealthy food choices underpinned by cognitive biases, including approach bias (a tendency to move towards food cues) and delay discounting (a preference for immediate rewards). Cognitive training strategies aimed at modifying these biases, namely, approach-avoidance training (AAT) and episodic future thinking (EFT), may improve food choice. This pilot randomised trial examined the effect of these two trainings, delivered daily for 1 week via smartphone apps, on approach bias for healthy/unhealthy foods, delay discounting for money/food, and hypothetical food choice...
September 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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