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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009554/the-importance-of-body-image-disturbances-for-the-outcome-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-results-of-the-antop-study
#1
Florian Junne, Beate Wild, Gaby Resmark, Katrin E Giel, Martin Teufel, Peter Martus, Katrin Ziser, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Martina de Zwaan, Bernd Löwe, Andreas Dinkel, Stephan Herpertz, Markus Burgmer, Sefik Tagay, Eva Rothermund, Almut Zeeck, Wolfgang Herzog, Stephan Zipfel
This study investigates the role of body image self-appraisal in predicting the outcomes of outpatient psychotherapy in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Multiple linear regression analyses and a path-analysis model were applied to test the study hypotheses that body image at baseline predicts treatment outcomes of outpatient psychotherapy in patients with AN at follow-up measurement. The analyses were conducted as secondary analyses in a subgroup (n = 148) of the anorexia nervosa treatment of outpatient-cohort (ANTOP-study) (N = 242) of patients with AN...
July 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009415/indirect-and-direct-measures-of-striving-for-perfection-moderate-body-mass-index-curves-in-the-intensive-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Kathleen De Cuyper, Dirk Hermans, Guido Pieters, Laurence Claes, Kristof Vansteelandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003654/food-addiction-among-men-and-women-in-india
#3
Ashley A Wiedemann, Jessica L Lawson, Paige M Cunningham, Kathryn M Khalvati, Janet A Lydecker, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address a cultural gap in the food addiction (FA) literature by examining FA and associated clinical features in a nonclinical group of men and women residing in India. METHOD: Participants (N = 415) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey about weight and eating. Participants completed self-report measures assessing FA (Yale Food Addiction Scale [YFAS]), eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire [EDE-Q]), health-related quality of life (Short Form Health Survey-12-item version [SF-12]), and depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2)...
July 12, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003634/smartphone-based-cognitive-bias-modification-training-improves-healthy-food-choice-in-obesity-a-pilot-study
#4
Naomi Kakoschke, Chloe Hawker, Ben Castine, Barbora de Courten, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
Obesity is partly driven by unhealthy food choices underpinned by cognitive biases, including approach bias (a tendency to move towards food cues) and delay discounting (a preference for immediate rewards). Cognitive training strategies aimed at modifying these biases, namely, approach-avoidance training (AAT) and episodic future thinking (EFT), may improve food choice. This pilot randomised trial examined the effect of these two trainings, delivered daily for 1 week via smartphone apps, on approach bias for healthy/unhealthy foods, delay discounting for money/food, and hypothetical food choice...
July 12, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971860/testing-the-addictive-appetite-model-of-binge-eating-the-importance-of-craving-coping-and-reward-enhancement
#5
Monica Leslie, Robert Turton, Emilee Burgess, Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Janet Treasure
In the current study, we examine components of the "addictive appetite" model of recurrent binge eating. Specifically, we tested the influence of addictive processes and the influence of emotional regulation processes on recurrent binge eating behaviour. We recruited 79 women in total for the current study: 22 with bulimia nervosa, 26 weight-matched lean comparison women, 15 women with binge eating disorder, and 16 weight-matched overweight/obese comparison women. Participants completed questionnaire assessments of food craving and motivations for eating...
July 3, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29943460/clinical-characteristics-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Betteke Maria van Noort, Sylvie Katharina Lohmar, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Maria Winter, Viola Kappel
The aim of the current paper is to evaluate clinical characteristics of 30 children with early onset anorexia nervosa (EO-AN; age = 12.2 ± 1.6 years) compared with 30 patients with adolescent onset AN (AO-AN; age = 15.9 ± 0.7 years) and 60 age-matched healthy controls. Statistical analyses included one-way analyses of variance with three planned comparisons and chi-square tests. Compared with AO-AN, EO-AN patients displayed more restrictive eating behaviour (p = 0.038), received more tube-feeding (p = 0...
June 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927004/a-systematic-review-of-mhealth-interventions-for-the-support-of-eating-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Dimitra Anastasiadou, Frans Folkvord, Francisco Lupiañez-Villanueva
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the existing evidence of mobile health (mHealth) tools for the treatment of eating disorders (ED). METHOD: Electronic databases (Pubmed, PsycInfo, and SCOPUS) were searched, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Selected studies were divided into three categories according to the intended purpose of the mHealth tools used: (a) sole means of support, (b) complementary to standard face-to-face treatment, and (c) for relapse prevention...
June 21, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927002/childhood-body-mass-index-and-development-of-eating-disorder-traits-across-adolescence
#8
Camilla A Wiklund, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Laura M Thornton, Katarina Bälter, Elisabeth Welch, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the role of premorbid body mass index (BMI) in the emergence of eating disorders may be key to identifying effective prevention strategies. We explore relations between BMI and eating disorders traits in young twins. METHOD: The effect of BMI at age 9/12 and 15 on eating disorder traits measured using the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI) at ages 15 and 18 was examined using bivariate modelling in a longitudinal population sample of Swedish twins...
June 21, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901243/eating-disorders-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-structural-equation-modelling-of-a-conceptual-model
#9
Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Célia S Moreira, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests several risk factors for both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), but the relationships between these factors are not well understood. Considering our previous work and a conceptual model, this cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationships among distal and proximal factors for the presence of NSSI in ED. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. Structural equation modelling revealed that both distal and proximal factors were related to the presence of NSSI in ED, disclosing a mediating role of the proximal factors...
June 14, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882616/evaluation-of-an-approach-avoidance-training-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-prospective-trial
#10
Petra Warschburger, Michaela Gmeiner, Marisa Morawietz, Mike Rinck
This study evaluated the efficacy of approach-avoidance training as an additional treatment for children and adolescents with obesity seeking inpatient treatment. Two hundred thirty-two participants (8-16 years, 53.9% girls) were randomly assigned either to multisession approach-avoidance (IG) or to placebo training (CG). As outcomes, cognitive biases post intervention, body mass index, eating behaviour, food intake, self-regulation, and weight-related quality of life were assessed, also at 6- and 12-month follow-up...
June 8, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882613/early-maladaptive-schemas-similarities-and-differences-between-female-patients-with-eating-versus-substance-use-disorders
#11
Els Pauwels, Eva Dierckx, Katrien Schoevaerts, Els Santens, Hendrik Peuskens, Laurence Claes
Personality features are considered to be important factors in the pathogenesis of both eating disorder (ED) and substance use disorder (SUD). This study investigates similarities and differences between these early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) (a) between female patients with ED (N = 179) or SUD (N = 169) and (b) between ED subtypes of the restrictive (N = 52), bulimic type (N = 127), or SUD. In total, 348 female patients (Mage  = 29.95; SDage  = 8.40) completed the Young Schema Questionnaire. Multivariate analyses of covariance with EMS scales as dependent variables and (a) ED versus SUD and (b) ED subtypes versus SUD as independent variables and age and psychopathology as control variables revealed that ED patients scored significantly higher on Unrelenting Standards, Defectiveness, Social Undesirability, and Failure than did SUD patients...
June 8, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797743/demographic-psychiatric-and-personality-correlates-of-adults-seeking-treatment-for-disordered-gambling-with-a-comorbid-binge-purge-type-eating-disorder
#12
Hyoun S Kim, Kristin M von Ranson, David C Hodgins, Daniel S McGrath, Hermano Tavares
Preliminary evidence suggests that binge/purge type eating disorders and gambling disorder may commonly co-occur. However, this dual-diagnosis population remains understudied. The present research examined the prevalence rates and correlates of binge/purge type eating disorders (i.e., bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and anorexia nervosa binge/purge type) among adults seeking treatment for their gambling (N = 349). In total, 11.5% of the sample (n = 40) met criteria for a binge/purge type eating disorder, most commonly bulimia nervosa (n = 33)...
May 24, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797742/differences-in-set-shifting-and-central-coherence-across-anorexia-nervosa-subtypes-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Laura Herbrich, Viola Kappel, Betteke Maria van Noort, Sibylle Winter
OBJECTIVE: Regarding executive functioning in anorexia nervosa (AN), little is known about differences between the restricting (AN-R) and binge eating/purging (AN-BP) subtypes. Especially for adolescents, there is sparse data. Hence, the current aim is to investigate differences in set-shifting, central coherence, and self-reported executive functioning across adolescent AN subtypes. METHODS: Ninety AN-R, 21 AN-BP, and 63 controls completed an extensive assessment battery including neuropsychological tests for executive functioning and the self-report questionnaire Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning...
May 24, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774627/changes-in-eating-disorder-characteristics-over-the-years
#14
Michel Probst, Kärt Kürsa, Tine Van Damme, Jolien Diedens, Johan Vanderlinden
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross-sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervosa and admitted at an inpatient unit from the first of January 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. Several reliable and well-validated questionnaires (Eating Disorder Inventory, Body Attitude Test, Symptom Checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory) were administered and scores were compared...
May 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732651/supporting-carers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-in-austria-succeat-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Claudia Franta, Julia Philipp, Karin Waldherr, Stefanie Truttmann, Elisabeth Merl, Gabriele Schöfbeck, Doris Koubek, Clarissa Laczkovics, Hartmut Imgart, Annika Zanko, Michael Zeiler, Janet Treasure, Andreas Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner
Supporting Carers of Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders in Austria (SUCCEAT) is an intervention for carers of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa. This paper describes the study protocol for a randomised controlled trial including the process and economic evaluation. Carers are randomly allocated to one of the 2 SUCCEAT intervention formats, either 8 weekly 2-hr workshop sessions (n = 48) or web-based modules (n = 48), and compared with a nonrandomised control group (n = 48)...
May 6, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700970/executive-functioning-and-central-coherence-in-anorexia-nervosa-pilot-investigation-of-a-neurocognitive-endophenotype
#16
Melanie Brown, Katharine L Loeb, Robert E McGrath, Lana Tiersky, Nancy Zucker, Amanda Carlin
A neurocognitive profile characterized by problems in set shifting, executive functioning, and central coherence may pre-date and maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). To test this pattern as a possible endophenotype for AN, 10 youth with current AN, 14 healthy youth, and their biological parents, participated in a neuropsychological battery. Youth with AN demonstrated significantly weaker central coherence, related to enhanced detail-focused processing. Youth with AN and their parents demonstrated significantly greater psychopathology relative to controls, and youth-parent scores were significantly correlated...
April 27, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902351/validation-of-the-caregiver-skills-cask-scale-in-catalonia-concordance-between-caregivers-in-attitudes-and-behaviours
#18
Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, María Lozano-Madrid, Zaida Agüera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Anna M Pedraza, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Ana E Ortiz García, Teresa Rangil, Eulalia Lorán, Jose Soriano-Pacheco, Laura Medrano-Puigdollers, Sara Bujalance-Arguijo, Gina Badia, Maria Luque, Gloria Tràfach, Osane Gómez, Joan Peña, Carme Fabra, Maria Teresa Plana, Reyes Raspall, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Roser Granero, Cristina Carretero-Jardí, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Caregiver Skills scale (CASK) in a sample of eating disorder (ED) caregivers. A further aim was to examine the concordance/discrepancy between them (namely, between the mothers and fathers of ED patients). METHOD: Two hundred sixty-five ED caregivers were recruited from ED centers in Catalonia, Spain. Confirmatory factor analyses was used to test the factorial structure of the CASK scale. Cronbach's α was used to measure internal consistency of the CASK scales...
July 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744972/are-socio-emotional-and-neurocognitive-functioning-predictors-of-therapeutic-outcomes-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Anna Oldershaw, Tony Lavender, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emotional, social, and neurocognitive factors are theorised to maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). Yet whether they predict outcomes or relate to clinical change remains unclear. METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive adult outpatient eating disorder service referrals presenting with AN, who participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing 2 psychotherapies, were assessed for emotional processing, social cognition, and neurocognition pretherapy and posttherapy...
July 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717794/are-treatment-results-for-eating-disorders-affected-by-adhd-symptoms-a-one-year-follow-up-of-adult-females
#20
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of self-reported Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms on recovery rate at 1-year follow-up in an unselected group of patients in a specialized eating disorder (ED) clinic. METHODS: Four hundred forty-three adult females with an ED were assessed with the ADHD Self-Report Scale for Adults (ASRS-screener), and for demographic variables and ED symptoms. Recovery was registered at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: A high degree of ADHD symptoms at baseline was predictive for nonrecovery of ED at 1-year follow-up in patients with loss of control over eating, bingeing, or purging...
July 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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