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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341400/are-trans-diagnostic-models-of-eating-disorders-fit-for-purpose-a-consideration-of-the-evidence-for-food-addiction
#1
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Monica Leslie, Rayane Chami, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Explanatory models for eating disorders have changed over time to account for changing clinical presentations. The transdiagnostic model evolved from the maintenance model, which provided the framework for cognitive behavioural therapy for bulimia nervosa. However, for many individuals (especially those at the extreme ends of the weight spectrum), this account does not fully fit. New evidence generated from research framed within the food addiction hypothesis is synthesized here into a model that can explain recurrent binge eating behaviour...
January 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318711/risk-factors-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology-within-the-treatment-seeking-transgender-population-the-role-of-cross-sex-hormone-treatment
#2
Bethany Alice Jones, Emma Haycraft, Walter Pierre Bouman, Nicola Brewin, Laurence Claes, Jon Arcelus
Many transgender people experience high levels of body dissatisfaction, which is one of the numerous factors known to increase vulnerability to eating disorder symptoms in the cisgender (non-trans) population. Cross-sex hormones can alleviate body dissatisfaction so might also alleviate eating disorder symptoms. This study aimed to explore risk factors for eating disorder symptoms in transgender people and the role of cross-sex hormones. Individuals assessed at a national transgender health service were invited to participate (N = 563)...
January 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282801/augmentative-approaches-in-family-based-treatment-for-adolescents-with-restrictive-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Imogen Lim Richards, Anni Subar, Stephen Touyz, Paul Rhodes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature reporting outcomes of augmentative family-based treatment (FBT) interventions for adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: Articles were identified through a systematic search of five electronic databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Database). RESULTS: Thirty articles were included, reporting on FBT augmentations featuring adjunctive treatment components, modified treatment structure and/or content with adherence to FBT principles, and adaptations allowing FBT delivery in different settings...
December 28, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266583/associations-of-food-addiction-in-a-sample-recruited-to-be-nationally-representative-of-the-united-states
#4
Erica M Schulte, Ashley N Gearhardt
The current study investigated the prevalence of food addiction and its associations with obesity and demographic factors in a sample recruited to be more nationally representative of the United States than previous research. Individuals (n = 1050) were recruited through Qualtrics' qBus, which sets demographic quotas developed using the United States census reference population. Participants (n = 986) self-reported food addiction, measured by the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0, height, weight, age, gender, race and income...
December 21, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266572/the-impact-of-alexithymia-on-emotion-dysregulation-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-over-time
#5
Tiffany A Brown, Jade C Avery, Michelle D Jones, Leslie K Anderson, Christina E Wierenga, Walter H Kaye
Research supports that anorexia nervosa-restricting subtype (AN-R) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are associated with emotion regulation difficulties and alexithymia. However, the impact of diagnosis on the relationship between these constructs is less well understood. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether eating disorder diagnosis moderated the association between admission alexithymia and emotion regulation through discharge. Adult patients with AN-R (n = 54) and BN (n = 60) completed assessments at treatment admission and discharge from a partial hospital program...
December 21, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218761/naturalistic-outcome-of-family-based-inpatient-treatment-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Inger Halvorsen, Deborah Lynn Reas, Jan-Vegard Nilsen, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Outpatient family-based treatment (FBT) is the best-documented treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN), but research is scarce on FBT adapted to inpatient settings. AIM: The naturalistic outcome of inpatient FBT for adolescent AN was investigated. METHODS: Thirty-seven (65%) of 57 patients who received inpatient FBT at a tertiary adolescent eating disorders (ED) unit participated in a follow-up interview (mean 4.5 ± 1...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218756/weight-suppression-but-not-symptom-improvement-predicts-weight-gain-during-inpatient-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa
#7
Johannes Baltasar Hessler, Alice Diedrich, Martin Greetfeld, Sandra Schlegl, Caroline Schwartz, Ulrich Voderholzer
OBJECTIVE: Fear of gaining weight is a common obstacle to seeking treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). We investigated changes in body mass index (BMI) during inpatient treatment for BN in relation to treatment outcome and weight suppression (WS). METHODS: Female inpatients of a specialized eating disorders clinic were grouped as deteriorated/unchanged, reliably improved, and clinically significantly improved based on Eating Disorder Inventory-2 scores. Repeated measures ANOVA was employed to examine changes in BMI between admission and discharge depending on treatment outcome and WS...
December 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168305/the-trajectory-of-anhedonic-and-depressive-symptoms-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-and-cross-sectional-approach
#8
Ilka Boehm, Luisa Flohr, Julius Steding, Larissa Holzapfel, Jochen Seitz, Veit Roessner, Stefan Ehrlich
Anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure, is associated with depression, schizophrenia and also anorexia nervosa (AN). However, it remains unanswered whether anhedonic symptoms in AN are undernutrition-dependent depressive symptoms or a core feature of AN. Therefore, we aim at investigating the trajectory of anhedonic and depressive symptoms over the course of the disorder. Self-reported symptoms were collected in 35 nonmedicated acutely ill, 33 long-term recovered patients and 62 healthy females. The majority of the acutely ill (n = 24) were followed up after >15% weight restoration (short-term recovery)...
November 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160017/do-disordered-eating-behaviours-have-long-term-health-related-consequences
#9
Ulla Kärkkäinen, Linda Mustelin, Anu Raevuori, Jaakko Kaprio, Anna Keski-Rahkonen
OBJECTIVE: Long-term health-related consequences of disordered eating behaviours of young adults remain poorly understood. We examined whether disordered eating behaviours in mid-20s are associated with physical and mental health 10 years later. METHODS: Women (n = 2631) and men (n = 2394) from a population-based FinnTwin16 cohort were assessed using three subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 at age 24. Self-rated health, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and psychological distress were assessed at age 24 and reassessed 10 years later...
November 21, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152825/feasibility-study-combining-art-therapy-or-cognitive-remediation-therapy-with-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#10
James Lock, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, William S Agras, Noam Weinbach, Booil Jo
Adolescents with anorexia nervosa who have obsessive-compulsive (OC) features respond poorly to family-based treatment (FBT). This study evaluated the feasibility of combining FBT with either cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) or art therapy (AT) to improve treatment response in this at-risk group. Thirty adolescents with anorexia nervosa and OC features were randomized to 15 sessions of FBT + CRT or AT. Recruitment rate was 1 per month, and treatment attrition was 16.6% with no differences between groups...
November 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152813/replication-of-a-modified-factor-structure-for-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-extension-to-clinical-eating-disorder-and-non-clinical-samples-in-portugal
#11
Paulo P P Machado, Carlos M Grilo, Ross D Crosby
Psychometric investigations of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) have generally not supported the original scale structure. The present study tested an alternative brief factor structure in two large Portuguese samples: (1) a non-clinical sample of N = 4117 female students and (2) a treatment-seeking sample of N = 609 patients diagnosed with eating disorders. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a poor fit for the original EDE-Q structure in both the non-clinical and the clinical samples but revealed a good fit for the alternative 7-item 3-factor structure (dietary restraint, shape/weight overvaluation and body dissatisfaction)...
November 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105211/parental-expressed-emotion-during-two-forms-of-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Erica Allan, Daniel Le Grange, Susan M Sawyer, Louise A McLean, Elizabeth K Hughes
High parental expressed emotion (EE), reflected by criticism or emotional over-involvement, has been related to poorer outcome in family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa. This study assessed EE in 89 mothers and 64 fathers at baseline and end of treatment in a randomised trial comparing conjoint FBT to parent-focused FBT (PFT). Compared with conjoint FBT, PFT was associated with a decrease in maternal criticism, regardless of adolescent remission. Furthermore, an increase in maternal criticism was more likely to be observed in conjoint FBT (80%) than PFT (20%, p = 0...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105204/emotional-reactivity-and-appraisal-of-food-in-relation-to-eating-disorder-cognitions-and-behaviours-evidence-to-support-the-motivational-conflict-hypothesis
#13
Sarah E Racine, Karen R Hebert, Stephen D Benning
Eating disorders are associated with both negative and positive emotional reactions towards food. Individual eating disorder symptoms may relate to distinct emotional responses to food, which could necessitate tailored treatments based on symptom presentation. We examined associations between eating disorder symptoms and psychophysiological responses to food versus neutral images in 87 college students [mean (SD) age = 19.70 (2.09); mean (SD) body mass index = 23.25(2.77)]. Reflexive and facial electromyography measures tapping negative emotional reactivity (startle blink reflex) and appraisal (corrugator muscle response) as well as positive emotional reactivity (postauricular reflex) and appraisal (zygomaticus muscle response) were collected...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098749/to-go-or-not-to-go-a-proof-of-concept-study-testing-food-specific-inhibition-training-for-women-with-eating-and-weight-disorders
#14
Robert Turton, Bruno P Nazar, Emilee E Burgess, Natalia S Lawrence, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure, Colette R Hirsch
Inefficient food-specific inhibitory control is a potential mechanism that underlies binge eating in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Go/no-go training tools have been developed to increase inhibitory control over eating impulses. Using a within-subjects design, this study examined whether one session of food-specific go/no-go training, versus general inhibitory control training, modifies eating behaviour. The primary outcome measure was food consumption on a taste test following each training session...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067753/the-impact-of-self-reported-impulsivity-on-the-course-of-weight-is-mediated-by-disinhibited-eating
#15
Tanja Legenbauer, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan, Charlotte Fischer, Ramona Burgmer, Stephan Herpertz
This study investigates the impact of impulsivity and the mediating role of disinhibited eating behaviour (DEB) on weight and weight trajectories in a large data set including obese non-treatment seeking individuals (obese control, n = 138) and obese individuals who were either receiving a conventional treatment program (n = 227) or bariatric surgery (n = 123). Data was assessed one, 4 and 9 years after baseline including self-reports for impulsivity and DEB. Results suggest a significant association between impulsivity and body mass index, which is partially mediated by DEB...
October 25, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168283/emotion-regulation-as-a-transdiagnostic-feature-among-eating-disorders-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-approach
#16
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Múrcia, José M Menchón, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are observed in eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies have explored ER before and after treatment. The aims are as follows: to explore ER difficulties across ED types and a healthy control (HC) group (Study 1) and to assess pretreatment and post-treatment changes among ED types (Study 2). In Study 1, adult women with EDs (n = 438) and HC (n = 126) completed an assessment including Eating Disorders Inventory-2, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
January 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057605/putative-risk-factors-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-eating-disorders
#17
Ana Isabel Vieira, Bárbara C Machado, Paulo P P Machado, Isabel Brandão, António Roma-Torres, Sónia Gonçalves
Evidence suggests a common association between eating disorders (EDs) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). The present study aimed to investigate the potential risk factors for NSSI among ED patients. We assessed 245 ED patients with the Oxford Risk Factor Interview for ED. The results showed that 33% of ED patients reported NSSI in their lifetime. NSSI appeared to occur more frequently among binge eating/purging type ED patients than among patients with other ED and to be related to a more severe eating pathology...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057604/perfectionism-group-treatment-for-eating-disorders-in-an-inpatient-partial-hospitalization-and-outpatient-setting
#18
Cheri A Levinson, Leigh C Brosof, Irina A Vanzhula, Laura Bumberry, Stephanie Zerwas, Cynthia M Bulik
Perfectionism is elevated in individuals with eating disorders and is posited to be a risk factor, maintaining factor, and treatment barrier. However, there has been little literature testing the feasibility and effectiveness of perfectionism interventions in individuals specifically with eating disorders in an open group format. In the current study, we tested the feasibility of (a) a short cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism intervention delivered in an inpatient, partial hospitalization, and outpatient for eating disorders setting (combined N = 28; inpatient n = 15; partial hospital n = 9; outpatient n = 4), as well as (b) a training for disseminating the treatment in these settings (N = 9)...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057603/delay-discounting-of-reward-and-impulsivity-in-eating-disorders-from-anorexia-nervosa-to-binge-eating-disorder
#19
Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Zaida Agüera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Evidence points to eating disorder patients displaying altered rates of delay discounting (one's degree of preference for immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards). Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are believed to have an increased capacity to delay reward, which reflects their ability to override the drive to eat. Contrarily, binge eating disorder (BED) patients are associated with a reduced predisposition to delay gratification. Here, we investigated monetary delay discounting and impulsivity in 80 adult women with EDs (56 AN and 24 BED), diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria, and 80 healthy controls...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057602/detecting-eating-psychopathology-in-female-athletes-by-asking-about-exercise-use-of-the-compulsive-exercise-test
#20
Carolyn R Plateau, Jon Arcelus, Caroline Meyer
The present study assessed the suitability of the Compulsive Exercise Test (athlete version; CET-A) for identifying female athletes with clinically significant features related to or comparable with eating psychopathology. Three hundred and sixty-one female athletes (including 12 with a clinically diagnosed eating disorder) completed the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire and the CET-A. Receiver operating curve analysis was employed to identify a cut-off value on the CET-A, which could indicate clinically significant features related to or comparable with eating psychopathology among female athletes...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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