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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276171/guided-self-help-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-metaregression
#1
REVIEW
Gemma D Traviss-Turner, Robert M West, Andrew J Hill
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based self-help is a recommended first stage of treatment for mild-moderate eating disorders. The provision of guidance enhances outcome. The literature evaluating exclusively 'guided' self-help (GSH) has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: The aim was to establish the effectiveness of GSH for reducing global eating disorder psychopathology and abstinence from binge eating, compared with controls. Results were pooled using random effects meta-analysis and heterogeneity explored using metaregression...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276114/reproductive-and-appetite-hormones-and-bulimic-symptoms-during-midlife
#2
Jessica H Baker, Claire M Peterson, Laura M Thornton, Kimberly A Brownley, Cynthia M Bulik, Susan S Girdler, Marsha D Marcus, Joyce T Bromberger
Eating disorders and related symptoms occur during midlife; however, little is known about their aetiology. It has been hypothesised that perimenopause represents a window of vulnerability for the development or exacerbation of eating disorder symptomatology because, like puberty, perimenopause is a period of reproductive hormone change. We compared symptoms of bulimia nervosa (bulimic symptomatology) assessed via mean scores on a self-report questionnaire in premenopausal and perimenopausal women. We also examined the association between hormone concentrations (reproductive/appetite) and bulimic symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260238/perception-of-peripersonal-and-interpersonal-space-in-patients-with-restrictive-type-anorexia
#3
Jean-Louis Nandrino, Claire Ducro, Tina Iachini, Yann Coello
This study examines whether the perception of peripersonal action-space and interpersonal social-space is modified in patients with restrictive-type anorexia in two experimental conditions using videos. First, participants stopped the video of an approaching stimulus when they felt the distance to be comfortable for interacting with it (first-person perspective). Second, participants stopped the video when an observed individual approaching a stimulus, or being approached by it, was at a comfortable distance (third-person perspective)...
March 5, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233375/reward-dependence-and-harm-avoidance-among-patients-with-binge-purge-type-eating-disorders
#4
Sigal Gat-Lazer, Ronny Geva, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
INTRODUCTION: The Cloninger's Psychobiological Model of Temperament and Character includes temperamental dimensions such as reward dependence (RD) and harm avoidance (HA). Studies of RD differentiate between sensitivity to reward (SR) versus to punishment (SP). We investigated the interrelationship between HA and RD in acutely ill patients with binge/purge (B/P) type eating disorders (EDs) and following symptomatic stabilization. METHODS: Fifty patients with B/P EDs were assessed at admission to inpatient treatment, 36 of whom were reassessed at discharge...
February 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211586/social-cognition-and-emotional-functioning-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#5
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the theory of mind ability in a sample of obese patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and to explore the correlations between emotional and clinical assessments. METHODS: Overall, 20 non-BED, 16 under-threshold BED and 22 BED obese patients completed a battery of tests assessing social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: Binge eating disorder, non-BED and under-threshold-BED obese patients showed similar ability to recognise others' emotions, but BED obese patients exhibited a deficit in recognising their own emotions as demonstrated by more impaired levels of alexithymia and interoceptive awareness and were more depressed...
February 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127825/the-prevalence-of-past-12-month-and-lifetime-dsm-iv-eating-disorders-by-bmi-category-in-us-men-and-women
#6
Alexis E Duncan, Hannah N Ziobrowski, Ginger Nicol
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether the prevalence of lifetime and past 12-month DSM-IV eating disorders (ED) diagnoses differed by body mass index category among men and women in a general population sample. METHODS: Data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (n = 12 337 adults) were analysed using logistic regression. Analyses were conducted separately by gender. RESULTS: Lifetime ED prevalence was 2.22% in men and 4...
January 27, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217881/is-overestimation-of-body-size-associated-with-neuropsychological-weaknesses-in-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Maria Øverås, Hilde Kapstad, Cathrine Brunborg, Nils Inge Landrø, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates some evidence of neuropsychological weaknesses in visuospatial memory, central coherence and set-shifting in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). The growing interest in neuropsychological functioning of patients with AN is based upon the assumption that neuropsychological weaknesses contribute to the clinical features of the illness. However, due to a paucity of research on the connection between neuropsychological difficulties and the clinical features of AN, this link remains hypothetical...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217880/follow-up-assessment-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-pilot-study
#8
Laura Herbrich, Betteke van Noort, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Winter, Viola Kappel
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a specialized treatment approach targeting cognitive weaknesses in anorexia nervosa (AN). Regarding follow-up effects of CRT, there are only few studies available; for adolescents, there are no data. METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents with AN were assigned to receive either CRT and treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Assessments were performed at baseline (n = 48) and compared with assessments at a 6-month follow-up (n = 33)...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217879/affective-responses-in-different-stages-of-anorexia-nervosa-results-from-a-startle-reflex-paradigm
#9
Laurence Erdur, Cora Weber, Frank Zimmermann-Viehoff, Matthias Rose, Hans-Christian Deter
OBJECTIVE: There is an evolving debate about pathological affective responses in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). We examined startle responses in different stages of AN. METHODS: We applied a startle reflex paradigm with standardized visual stimuli (International Affective Pictures System; food and body pictures) in 64 female participants (17 acute AN, 16 chronically ill AN, 15 long-term recovered AN, 16 healthy controls). We measured subjective ratings of valence and anxiety, and electromyographic startle responses...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078784/rumination-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-associations-with-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-weight-bias-internalization
#10
Shirley B Wang, Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
Overvaluation of shape and weight in binge-eating disorder (BED) is associated with greater eating-disorder psychopathology and greater weight-bias internalization, which are-in turn-associated with poorer mental and physical health. Little is known, however, about the significance of other cognitive processes, such as rumination, in BED. This study examined rumination and overvaluation of shape/weight with eating-disorder psychopathology and weight-bias internalization among 237 treatment-seeking patients with BED and comorbid obesity...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058799/impact-of-asd-traits-on-treatment-outcomes-of-eating-disorders-in-girls
#11
Catherine S Stewart, Fiona S McEwen, Anna Konstantellou, Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic
Evidence links high levels of Autism Spectrum Disorder Traits in women with chronicity of anorexia nervosa. This study reports through clinical audit the impact of ASD traits on treatment outcomes of girls who were referred for treatment in a specialist eating disorder service. Presence of current, but not early childhood, ASD traits was elevated in comparison with previously reported community samples. Current ASD traits were correlated with emotional disorders and with need for treatment augmentation (psychiatric inpatient or day patient admission), but this relationship was not significant after the contribution of depression had been controlled for...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032373/meaningful-memory-in-acute-anorexia-nervosa-patients-comparing-recall-learning-and-recognition-of-semantically-related-and-semantically-unrelated-word-stimuli
#12
Valentin Terhoeven, Ursula Kallen, Katrin Ingenerf, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Matthias Weisbrod, Wolfgang Herzog, Timo Brockmeyer, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Christoph Nikendei
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether observed memory impairment in anorexia nervosa (AN) depends on the semantic structure (categorized words) of material to be encoded. We aimed to investigate the processing of semantically related information in AN. METHOD: Memory performance was assessed in a recall, learning, and recognition test in 27 adult women with AN (19 restricting, 8 binge-eating/purging subtype; average disease duration: 9.32 years) and 30 healthy controls using an extended version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, applying semantically related and unrelated word stimuli...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928853/early-response-to-treatment-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-a-diagnostic-test-accuracy-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Louise Kathrine Gregor, Gaia Albano, Angelo Marchica, Gianluca Lo Coco, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: Early response to eating disorders treatment is thought to predict a later favourable outcome. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analyses examined the robustness of this concept. METHOD: The criteria used across studies to define early response were summarised following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Diagnostic Test Accuracy methodology was used to estimate the size of the effect. RESULTS: Findings from 24 studies were synthesized and data from 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917578/threat-detection-and-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-women-recovered-from-anorexia-nervosa-neural-alterations-in-extrastriate-and-medial-prefrontal-cortices
#14
Lasse Bang, Øyvind Rø, Tor Endestad
OBJECTIVE: Behavioral studies have shown that anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with attentional bias to general threat cues. The neurobiological underpinnings of attentional bias to threat in AN are unknown. This study investigated the neural responses associated with threat-detection and attentional bias to threat in AN. METHODS: We measured neural responses to a dot-probe task, involving pairs of angry and neutral face stimuli, in 22 adult women recovered from AN and 21 comparison women...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943534/biased-interpretation-of-ambiguous-social-scenarios-in-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Valentina Cardi, Robert Turton, Sylvia Schifano, Jenni Leppanen, Colette R Hirsch, Janet Treasure
Patients with anorexia nervosa experience increased sensitivity to the risk of social rejection. The aims of this study were to assess the interpretation of ambiguous social scenarios depicting the risk of rejection and to examine the relationship between interpretation biases and clinical symptoms. Thirty-five women with anorexia nervosa and 30 healthy eaters completed clinical questionnaires, alongside a sentence completion task. This task required participants to generate completions to ambiguous social scenarios and to endorse their best completion...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943533/expressed-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-first-onset-anorexia-nervosa-a-long-term-investigation-over-2-5%C3%A2-years
#16
Reinhild Schwarte, Nina Timmesfeld, Astrid Dempfle, Melanie Krei, Karin Egberts, Charlotte Jaite, Christian Fleischhaker, Christoph Wewetzer, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Jochen Seitz, Katharina Bühren
OBJECTIVE: High levels of expressed emotions (EE) and depressive symptoms (DS) are often found in caregivers of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Both parameters are considered to influence AN symptoms of the patient. METHODS: One hundred seventy adolescent women with AN and their caregivers were assessed at admission, discharge, at 1-year and 2.5-year follow up to evaluate AN symptoms of the patient and EE and DS of caregivers. RESULTS: The EE and DS were elevated at admission and decreased during treatment, criticism (as part of EE) exhibited again at the 2...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862660/aggression-regulation-in-day-treatment-of-eating-disorders-two-centre-rct-of-a-brief-body-and-movement-oriented-intervention
#17
Cees Boerhout, Marte Swart, Marjon Voskamp, Nadine A C Troquete, Jooske T van Busschbach, Hans W Hoek
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate a body and movement-oriented intervention on aggression regulation, specifically aimed towards reducing anger internalization in patients with an eating disorder. METHOD: Patients were randomized to treatment-as-usual (TAU) plus the intervention (n = 38) or to TAU only (n = 32). The intervention was delivered by a psychomotor therapist. TAU consisted of multidisciplinary day treatment (3-5 days per week during 3-9 months)...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862641/association-between-oxytocin-receptor-genotype-maternal-care-and-eating-disorder-behaviours-in-a-community-sample-of-women
#18
Nadia Micali, Marta Crous-Bou, Janet Treasure, Elizabeth A Lawson
This study aimed to investigate associations between oxytocin receptor gene (OXT-R) polymorphisms (rs53576 and rs2254298), their interaction with maternal care (GxE), and ED behaviours in a community sample. We studied 3698 women from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) who participated in a two-phase prevalence study of lifetime ED and had genotype data. The GG rs53576 genotype was associated with binge eating and purging, and the rs2254298 AG/AA genotype with restrictive eating lifetime...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862611/predictors-moderators-and-mediators-of-treatment-outcome-following-manualised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
This systematic review synthesised the literature on predictors, moderators, and mediators of outcome following Fairburn's CBT for eating disorders. Sixty-five articles were included. The relationship between individual variables and outcome was synthesised separately across diagnoses and treatment format. Early change was found to be a consistent mediator of better outcomes across all eating disorders. Moderators were mostly tested in binge eating disorder, and most moderators did not affect cognitive-behavioural treatment outcome relative to other treatments...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790863/identity-processes-and-statuses-in-patients-with-and-without-eating-disorders
#20
Margaux Verschueren, Koen Luyckx, Erin A Kaufman, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Philip Moons, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Ann Berens, Katrien Schoevaerts, Laurence Claes
Problems with identity formation are associated with a range of psychiatric disorders. Yet, the mechanisms underlying such problems and how they are refined into specific diagnostic presentations require further investigation. The present study investigated identity processes among 123 women with eating disorders (ED) and age-matched community controls via a newly developed identity model. Several clinical outcome variables were assessed. Patients with ED scored lower on committing to and identifying with identity-related choices and scored higher on maladaptive or ruminative exploration, identity diffusion and identity disorder...
January 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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