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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928853/early-response-to-treatment-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-a-diagnostic-test-accuracy-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Louise Kathrine Gregor, Gaia Albano, Angelo Marchica, Gianluca Lo Coco, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: Early response to eating disorders treatment is thought to predict a later favourable outcome. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analyses examined the robustness of this concept. METHOD: The criteria used across studies to define early response were summarised following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Diagnostic Test Accuracy methodology was used to estimate the size of the effect. RESULTS: Findings from 24 studies were synthesized and data from 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
December 7, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917578/threat-detection-and-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-women-recovered-from-anorexia-nervosa-neural-alterations-in-extrastriate-and-medial-prefrontal-cortices
#2
Lasse Bang, Øyvind Rø, Tor Endestad
OBJECTIVE: Behavioral studies have shown that anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with attentional bias to general threat cues. The neurobiological underpinnings of attentional bias to threat in AN are unknown. This study investigated the neural responses associated with threat-detection and attentional bias to threat in AN. METHODS: We measured neural responses to a dot-probe task, involving pairs of angry and neutral face stimuli, in 22 adult women recovered from AN and 21 comparison women...
December 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862660/aggression-regulation-in-day-treatment-of-eating-disorders-two-centre-rct-of-a-brief-body-and-movement-oriented-intervention
#3
Cees Boerhout, Marte Swart, Marjon Voskamp, Nadine A C Troquete, Jooske T van Busschbach, Hans W Hoek
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate a body and movement-oriented intervention on aggression regulation, specifically aimed towards reducing anger internalization in patients with an eating disorder. METHOD: Patients were randomized to treatment-as-usual (TAU) plus the intervention (n = 38) or to TAU only (n = 32). The intervention was delivered by a psychomotor therapist. TAU consisted of multidisciplinary day treatment (3-5 days per week during 3-9 months)...
November 16, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862611/predictors-moderators-and-mediators-of-treatment-outcome-following-manualised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
This systematic review synthesised the literature on predictors, moderators, and mediators of outcome following Fairburn's CBT for eating disorders. Sixty-five articles were included. The relationship between individual variables and outcome was synthesised separately across diagnoses and treatment format. Early change was found to be a consistent mediator of better outcomes across all eating disorders. Moderators were mostly tested in binge eating disorder, and most moderators did not affect cognitive-behavioural treatment outcome relative to other treatments...
November 16, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862641/association-between-oxytocin-receptor-genotype-maternal-care-and-eating-disorder-behaviours-in-a-community-sample-of-women
#5
Nadia Micali, Marta Crous-Bou, Janet Treasure, Elizabeth A Lawson
This study aimed to investigate associations between oxytocin receptor gene (OXT-R) polymorphisms (rs53576 and rs2254298), their interaction with maternal care (GxE), and ED behaviours in a community sample. We studied 3698 women from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) who participated in a two-phase prevalence study of lifetime ED and had genotype data. The GG rs53576 genotype was associated with binge eating and purging, and the rs2254298 AG/AA genotype with restrictive eating lifetime...
November 14, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790863/identity-processes-and-statuses-in-patients-with-and-without-eating-disorders
#6
Margaux Verschueren, Koen Luyckx, Erin A Kaufman, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Philip Moons, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Ann Berens, Katrien Schoevaerts, Laurence Claes
Problems with identity formation are associated with a range of psychiatric disorders. Yet, the mechanisms underlying such problems and how they are refined into specific diagnostic presentations require further investigation. The present study investigated identity processes among 123 women with eating disorders (ED) and age-matched community controls via a newly developed identity model. Several clinical outcome variables were assessed. Patients with ED scored lower on committing to and identifying with identity-related choices and scored higher on maladaptive or ruminative exploration, identity diffusion and identity disorder...
October 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790806/differences-in-cortisol-awakening-response-between-binge-purging-and-restrictive-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Palmiero Monteleone, Francesca Marciello, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Mario Maj
Malnutrition and childhood trauma were shown to affect in opposite way the cortisol awakening response (CAR) of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). To assess the influence of binge-purging behaviour on the CAR of AN patients, we measured the CAR of restrictive AN (ANR) or binge-purging AN (ANBP) patients without history of childhood maltreatment. Seventeen ANBP women, 18 ANR women and 42 healthy women collected saliva samples at awakening and after 15, 30 and 60 min, and filled in the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2)...
October 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790790/influence-of-parental-expressed-emotions-on-children-s-emotional-eating-via-children-s-negative-urgency
#8
Simone Munsch, Daniela Dremmel, Susanne Kurz, Jiske De Albuquerque, Andrea H Meyer, Anja Hilbert
We investigated whether parental expressed emotion (criticism and emotional overinvolvement) is related to children's emotional eating and whether this relationship is mediated by children's negative urgency. One hundred children, aged 8 to 13 years, either healthy or have binge-eating disorder and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, completed the questionnaires, along with their parents. Parental criticism and, to a lesser extent, parental emotional overinvolvement were both positively related to children's emotional eating, and this relationship was mediated by children's negative urgency...
October 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670130/self-discrepancy-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-across-eating-disorder-diagnostic-groups
#9
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, Timothy J Strauman, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Marjorie H Klein, Tracey L Smith, Carol B Peterson
This study examined self-discrepancy, a construct of theoretical relevance to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, across different types of EDs. Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 112), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 72), and binge eating disorder (BED; n = 199) completed semi-structured interviews assessing specific types of self-discrepancies. Results revealed that actual:ideal (A:I) discrepancy was positively associated with AN, actual:ought (A:O) discrepancy was positively associated with BN and BED, and self-discrepancies did not differentiate BN from BED...
September 27, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633286/a-lack-of-clinical-effect-of-high-frequency-rtms-to-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-on-bulimic-symptoms-a-randomised-double-blind-trial
#10
Aurelia Gay, Isabelle Jaussent, Torrance Sigaud, Stephane Billard, Jerome Attal, Maude Seneque, Bogdan Galusca, Frederique Van Den Eynde, Catherine Massoubre, Philippe Courtet, Sebastien Guillaume
Studies suggest that stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) reduces food craving in bulimic patients, but evidence supporting repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a therapeutic tool is lacking. We investigated the safety and therapeutic efficacy of an adjunct high-frequency rTMS programme targeting the left DLPFC. Forty-seven women with bulimia nervosa were randomised to a real or sham stimulation group. The real group underwent 10 rTMS sessions, each consisting of 20 trains of 5 seconds with 55-second intervals between trains, at a frequency of 10 Hz...
September 15, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785902/interaction-between-orexin-a-and-sleep-quality-in-females-in-extreme-weight-conditions
#11
Sarah Sauchelli, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose C Fernández-García, Lourdes Garrido-Sánchez, Francisco J Tinahones, Felipe F Casanueva, Rosa M Baños, Cristina Botella, Ana B Crujeiras, Rafael de la Torre, Jose M Fernández-Real, Gema Frühbeck, Roser Granero, Francisco J Ortega, Amaia Rodríguez, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel, Jose M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
The current study examined the relationship between plasma orexin-A and sleep in obesity. Concentrations of orexin-A and sleep were evaluated in 26 obese, 40 morbid obese and 32 healthy-weight participants. The sleep monitor Actiwatch AW7 and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to evaluate sleep. The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised was administered to assess symptoms of psychopathology. A higher weight status was associated with elevated orexin-A levels (p = .050), greater depression, anxiety and somatization symptoms (all: p < ...
November 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511789/cardiac-risk-and-disordered-eating-decreased-r-wave-amplitude-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-women-with-subclinical-binge-purge-symptoms
#12
Melinda Green, Jennifer Rogers, Christine Nguyen, Katherine Blasko, Amanda Martin, Dominique Hudson, Kristen Fernandez-Kong, Zauditu Kaza-Amlak, Brandon Thimmesch, Tyler Thorne
The purpose of the present study was threefold. First, we examined whether women with bulimia nervosa (n = 12) and women with subthreshold binge/purge symptoms (n = 20) showed decreased mean R wave amplitude, an indicator of cardiac risk, on electrocardiograph compared to asymptomatic women (n = 20). Second, we examined whether this marker was pervasive across experimental paradigms, including before and after sympathetic challenge tasks. Third, we investigated behavioural predictors of this marker, including binge frequency and purge frequency assessed by subtype (dietary restriction, excessive exercise, self-induced vomiting, and laxative abuse)...
November 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594387/characteristics-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-a-cohort-of-adult-patients
#13
Yoshikatsu Nakai, Kazuko Nin, Shun'ichi Noma, Satoshi Teramukai, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis of adult patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) with those with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD: We completed a retrospective review of adult patients with a feeding and eating disorder assessed between 1990 and 2005 that qualified for a diagnosis of ARFID. Patients with ARFID were compared with those with AN, with respect to the demographics, clinical symptoms and psychometric analysis...
September 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594180/predicting-dropout-from-intensive-outpatient-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-binge-eating-disorder-using-pre-treatment-characteristics-a-naturalistic-study
#14
Maartje S Vroling, Femke E Wiersma, Mirjam W Lammers, Eric O Noorthoorn
BACKGROUND: Dropout rates in binge eating disorder (BED) treatment are high (17-30%), and predictors of dropout are unknown. METHOD: Participants were 376 patients following an intensive outpatient cognitive behavioural therapy programme for BED, 82 of whom (21.8%) dropped out of treatment. An exploratory logistic regression was performed using eating disorder variables, general psychopathology, personality and demographics to identify predictors of dropout. RESULTS: Binge eating pathology, preoccupations with eating, shape and weight, social adjustment, agreeableness, and social embedding appeared to be significant predictors of dropout...
September 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593963/food-addiction-in-bulimia-nervosa-clinical-correlates-and-association-with-response-to-a-brief-psychoeducational-intervention
#15
Ines Hilker, Isabel Sánchez, Trevor Steward, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Ashley N Gearhardt, Rita Cristina Rodríguez-Muñoz, Carlos Dieguez, Ana B Crujeiras, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Felipe F Casanueva, José M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
: Food addiction (FA) has been examined in different populations. Although high FA levels are associated with greater eating disorder severity, few studies have addressed how FA relates to treatment outcome. GOALS: The study aims (1) to determine whether a brief intervention for bulimia nervosa (BN) reduces FA diagnosis or severity compared with baseline and (2) to determine if FA is predictive of treatment outcome. METHOD: Sixty-six female BN patients participated in the study...
September 4, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426991/family-functioning-in-adolescents-with-binge-eating-disorder
#16
Anne Tetzlaff, Ricarda Schmidt, Anne Brauhardt, Anja Hilbert
OBJECTIVE: While the importance of family factors on the development and maintenance of adolescent anorexia and bulimia nervosa has been well documented, virtually nothing is known about these impacts in binge-eating disorder (BED). Therefore, this study sought to examine family functioning (FF) in families of adolescents with BED. METHOD: A total of 40 adolescents meeting diagnostic criteria for full-syndrome or sub-threshold BED were compared to 40 matched adolescents without any eating disorder symptoms (CG)...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383030/does-the-interpersonal-model-generalize-to-obesity-without-binge-eating
#17
Gianluca Lo Coco, Rachel Sutton, Giorgio A Tasca, Laura Salerno, Veronica Oieni, Angelo Compare
The interpersonal model has been validated for binge eating disorder (BED), but it is not yet known if the model applies to individuals who are obese but who do not binge eat. The goal of this study was to compare the validity of the interpersonal model in those with BED versus those with obesity, and normal weight samples. Data from a sample of 93 treatment-seeking women diagnosed with BED, 186 women who were obese without BED, and 100 controls who were normal weight were examined for indirect effects of interpersonal problems on binge eating psychopathology mediated through negative affect...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349363/sleep-patterns-before-and-after-weight-restoration-in-females-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-controlled-study
#18
Marwan El Ghoch, Simona Calugi, Jasmine Bernabè, Massimo Pellegrini, Chiara Milanese, Elisa Chignola, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: To assess sleep patterns in female patients with anorexia nervosa before and after weight restoration. METHODS: Sleep patterns were measured objectively using a Sense Wear Armband before and after weight restoration in 50 female patients with anorexia nervosa, and in 25 healthy females. RESULTS: At baseline, patients with anorexia nervosa exhibited lower total sleep time and sleep onset latency than controls, the former apparently associated with baseline BMI, duration of illness and age...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349211/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-eating-disordered-patients-with-or-without-non-suicidal-self-injury
#19
Els Pauwels, Eva Dierckx, Katrien Schoevaerts, Laurence Claes
This study investigates early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) in function of eating disorder (ED) subtypes (restrictive/bulimic) and the presence/absence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Female inpatients (N = 491) completed the Young Schema Questionnaire and the Self-Injury Questionnaire. The influence of ED subtype and the presence/absence of NSSI and their interaction on the EMS were investigated by means of a MANCOVA. The results showed main effects of ED subtype and the presence of NSSI on EMS. Patients with bulimia scored significantly higher on insufficient self-control and emotional deprivation, which are more related to cluster B compared with restrictive patients, whereas restrictive patients scored significantly higher on social undesirability, failure to achieve, subjugation and unrelenting standards compared with patients with bulimia that are more related to cluster C...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241070/a-meta-analysis-on-resting-state-high-frequency-heart-rate-variability-in-bulimia-nervosa
#20
REVIEW
Stephanie K V Peschel, Nicole R Feeling, Claus Vögele, Michael Kaess, Julian F Thayer, Julian Koenig
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic nervous system function is altered in eating disorders. We aimed to quantify differences in resting state vagal activity, indexed by high-frequency heart rate variability comparing patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and healthy controls. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature to identify studies eligible for inclusion and meta-analytical methods were applied. Meta-regression was used to identify potential covariates. RESULTS: Eight studies reporting measures of resting high-frequency heart rate variability in individuals with BN (n = 137) and controls (n = 190) were included...
September 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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