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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481055/physical-activity-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-does-temperament-matter
#1
Kerstin Gruner-Labitzke, Laurence Claes, Merle Bartsch, Mareike Schulze, Svenja Langenberg, Hinrich Köhler, Michael Marschollek, Martina de Zwaan, Astrid Müller
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate if physical activity (PA) in bariatric surgery patients is related to temperament. METHODS: Preoperative (n = 70) and post-operative (n = 73) patients were categorized as being physically 'active' versus 'inactive' on the basis of objective PA monitoring. Assessment included the behavioural inhibition system (BIS)/behavioural activation system (BAS) scales, the effortful control (EC) subscale of the Adult Temperament Questionnaire-Short Form, a numeric pain rating scale and measures for depressive and eating disorder symptoms...
May 8, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474473/short-term-treatment-outcomes-and-dropout-risk-in-men-and-women-with-eating-disorders
#2
Zaida Agüera, Isabel Sánchez, Roser Granero, Nadine Riesco, Trevor Steward, Virginia Martín-Romera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Xandra Romero, Mariarita Caroleo, Cristina Segura-García, José Manuel Menchon, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
This study compared treatment outcomes between men and women with eating disorders (EDs) and analysed clinical predictors of treatment outcome. Our sample consisted of 131 male and 131 female ED patients who underwent cognitive behavioural therapy treatment. ED severity, personality and psychopathology were assessed using standard instruments. We found that the risk of dropout was higher for men with bulimia nervosa (BN) than for women with BN and that men with BN and other specified feeding and EDs were more likely to obtain full remission in comparison with their female counterparts...
May 4, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467032/comparative-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Christine M Peat, Nancy D Berkman, Kathleen N Lohr, Kimberly A Brownley, Carla M Bann, Katherine Cullen, Mary J Quattlebaum, Cynthia M Bulik
Psychological and pharmacological interventions for binge-eating disorder have previously demonstrated efficacy (compared with placebo or waitlist control); thus, we aimed to expand that literature with a review of comparative effectiveness. We searched MEDLINE,® EMBASE,® Cochrane Library, Academic OneFile, CINAHL® for binge-eating disorder treatment articles and selected studies using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were sufficient for network meta-analysis comparing two pharmacological interventions; psychological interventions were analysed qualitatively...
May 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467004/chances-and-limitations-of-video-games-in-the-fight-against-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Isabelle Mack, Carolin Bayer, Norbert Schäffeler, Nadine Reiband, Ellen Brölz, Guido Zurstiege, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Caterina Gawrilow, Stephan Zipfel
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted to assess the chances and limitations of video games to combat and prevent childhood obesity. This search included studies with video or computer games targeting nutrition, physical activity and obesity for children between 7 and 15 years of age. RESULTS: The study distinguished between games that aimed to (i) improve knowledge about nutrition, eating habits and exercise; (ii) increase physical activity; or (iii) combine both approaches...
May 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425618/classifying-adults-with-binge-eating-disorder-based-on-severity-levels
#5
Antonios Dakanalis, Giuseppe Riva, Silvia Serino, Fabrizia Colmegna, Massimo Clerici
The clinical utility of the severity criterion for binge eating disorder (BED), introduced in the DSM-5 as a means of addressing heterogeneity and variability in the severity of this disorder, was evaluated in 189 treatment-seeking adults with (DSM-5) BED. Participants classified with mild, moderate, severe and extreme severity of BED, based on their weekly frequency of binge eating episodes, differed significantly from each other in body mass index (BMI), eating disorder features, putative factors involved in the maintenance process of the disorder, comorbid mood, anxiety and personality disorders, psychological distress, social maladjustment and illness-specific functional impairment (medium-to-large effect sizes)...
April 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387426/facets-of-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Jason M Lavender, Erica L Goodman, Kristen M Culbert, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson
This study sought to investigate independent associations of impulsivity and compulsivity with eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Women (N = 81) with full or subthreshold Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV anorexia nervosa (AN) completed a semi-structured interview and self-report questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses were conducted using ED symptoms as dependent variables and facets of impulsivity and compulsivity as predictor variables (controlling for body mass index and AN diagnostic subtype)...
April 7, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370722/development-of-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale-version-2-0
#7
Erica M Schulte, Ashley N Gearhardt
The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) operationalizes indicators of addictive-like eating, originally based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for substance-use disorders. The YFAS has multiple adaptations, including a briefer scale (mYFAS). Recently, the YFAS 2.0 was developed to reflect changes to diagnostic criteria in the DSM-5. The current study developed a briefer version of the YFAS 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) using the participant sample from the YFAS 2...
March 29, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345215/temporal-discounting-and-the-tendency-to-delay-gratification-across-the-eating-disorder-spectrum
#8
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha Rennalls, Hollie Danby, Claire Jacques, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) have been associated with poorer reward-related inhibitory control, reflected by a reduced tendency to delay gratification. The opposite has been reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but differences have not been directly compared across eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated self-reported (Delaying Gratification Inventory) and task-based (temporal discounting) inhibitory control in 66 women with an ED and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Poorer task-based inhibitory control was observed in the BN compared with the AN group and poorer self-reported inhibitory control in the BN and in the BED groups compared with the AN and the HC groups, suggesting that reward-related inhibitory control varies across EDs...
March 27, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276171/guided-self-help-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-metaregression
#9
REVIEW
Gemma D Traviss-Turner, Robert M West, Andrew J Hill
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based self-help is a recommended first stage of treatment for mild-moderate eating disorders. The provision of guidance enhances outcome. The literature evaluating exclusively 'guided' self-help (GSH) has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: The aim was to establish the effectiveness of GSH for reducing global eating disorder psychopathology and abstinence from binge eating, compared with controls. Results were pooled using random effects meta-analysis and heterogeneity explored using metaregression...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260238/perception-of-peripersonal-and-interpersonal-space-in-patients-with-restrictive-type-anorexia
#10
Jean-Louis Nandrino, Claire Ducro, Tina Iachini, Yann Coello
This study examines whether the perception of peripersonal action-space and interpersonal social-space is modified in patients with restrictive-type anorexia in two experimental conditions using videos. First, participants stopped the video of an approaching stimulus when they felt the distance to be comfortable for interacting with it (first-person perspective). Second, participants stopped the video when an observed individual approaching a stimulus, or being approached by it, was at a comfortable distance (third-person perspective)...
March 5, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233375/reward-dependence-and-harm-avoidance-among-patients-with-binge-purge-type-eating-disorders
#11
Sigal Gat-Lazer, Ronny Geva, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
INTRODUCTION: The Cloninger's Psychobiological Model of Temperament and Character includes temperamental dimensions such as reward dependence (RD) and harm avoidance (HA). Studies of RD differentiate between sensitivity to reward (SR) versus to punishment (SP). We investigated the interrelationship between HA and RD in acutely ill patients with binge/purge (B/P) type eating disorders (EDs) and following symptomatic stabilization. METHODS: Fifty patients with B/P EDs were assessed at admission to inpatient treatment, 36 of whom were reassessed at discharge...
February 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402070/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-indicator-for-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Paulo P P Machado, Carlos M Grilo, Ross D Crosby
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the new DSM-5 severity criterion for anorexia nervosa (AN) based on proposed body mass index (BMI) cut-points. METHOD: Participants were a clinical sample of 201 treatment-seeking patients diagnosed with DSM-5 AN in Portugal. Participants were categorised based on DSM-5 severity levels and were compared on demographic and clinical variables assessed with the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire. RESULTS: Based on DSM-5 severity definitions for AN, 73 (36...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402069/anorexia-nervosa-theory-and-treatment-where-are-we-35%C3%A2-years-on-from-hilde-bruch-s-foundation-lecture
#13
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Valentina Cardi
Hilde Bruch's foundation lecture in 1982 is a milestone from which to survey current theory and treatment for anorexia nervosa. Bruch described problems in body perception, emotion processing and interpersonal relationships as core theoretical aspects of the illness and built her theory of psychopathology on these aspects, as well as on animal studies on attachment. She also noted that many psychological problems result as consequence of starvation. In the first part of this paper, we parse Bruch's clinical descriptions into elements of psychopathology (disturbances in body perception, attachment, emotion expression, perception and regulation, social comparison, interpersonal, and family and therapeutic relationships), in order to assemble and update the theoretical evidence for a model of the illness...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402068/eating-related-psychopathology-and-food-addiction-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#14
Özgür Albayrak, Manuel Föcker, Josephine Kliewer, Simon Esber, Triinu Peters, Martina de Zwaan, Johannes Hebebrand
OBJECTIVE: Our aims were to investigate the relationship between food addiction and mental disorders including eating disorders (ED), eating-related psychopathology and body mass index-standard deviation score in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Food addiction was assessed with the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Eating-related psychopathology was measured with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ). Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402067/altered-reward-reactivity-as-a-behavioural-endophenotype-in-eating-disorders-a-pilot-investigation-in-twins
#15
Natalie Kanakam, Isabel Krug, David Collier, Janet Treasure
Altered reward reactivity is a potential risk endophenotype for eating disorders (EDs). The aim of this study was to examine reward reactivity in female twins with EDs and compare it with a twin control group. A sample of 112 twins [n = 51 met lifetime DSM-IV ED criteria (anorexia nervosa n = 26; bulimic disorders n = 24), n = 19 unaffected cotwins and n = 42 control twins] was administered measures assessing reward reactivity, including the Game of Dice Task, the Behavioural Inhibition/Activation (BIS/BAS) Scales and the Appetitive Motivation Scale (AMS)...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276114/reproductive-and-appetite-hormones-and-bulimic-symptoms-during-midlife
#16
Jessica H Baker, Claire M Peterson, Laura M Thornton, Kimberly A Brownley, Cynthia M Bulik, Susan S Girdler, Marsha D Marcus, Joyce T Bromberger
Eating disorders and related symptoms occur during midlife; however, little is known about their aetiology. It has been hypothesised that perimenopause represents a window of vulnerability for the development or exacerbation of eating disorder symptomatology because, like puberty, perimenopause is a period of reproductive hormone change. We compared symptoms of bulimia nervosa (bulimic symptomatology) assessed via mean scores on a self-report questionnaire in premenopausal and perimenopausal women. We also examined the association between hormone concentrations (reproductive/appetite) and bulimic symptomatology...
May 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217881/is-overestimation-of-body-size-associated-with-neuropsychological-weaknesses-in-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Maria Øverås, Hilde Kapstad, Cathrine Brunborg, Nils Inge Landrø, Øyvind Rø
BACKGROUND: Recent research indicates some evidence of neuropsychological weaknesses in visuospatial memory, central coherence and set-shifting in adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). The growing interest in neuropsychological functioning of patients with AN is based upon the assumption that neuropsychological weaknesses contribute to the clinical features of the illness. However, due to a paucity of research on the connection between neuropsychological difficulties and the clinical features of AN, this link remains hypothetical...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217880/follow-up-assessment-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-pilot-study
#18
Laura Herbrich, Betteke van Noort, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Sibylle Winter, Viola Kappel
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a specialized treatment approach targeting cognitive weaknesses in anorexia nervosa (AN). Regarding follow-up effects of CRT, there are only few studies available; for adolescents, there are no data. METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents with AN were assigned to receive either CRT and treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Assessments were performed at baseline (n = 48) and compared with assessments at a 6-month follow-up (n = 33)...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217879/affective-responses-in-different-stages-of-anorexia-nervosa-results-from-a-startle-reflex-paradigm
#19
Laurence Erdur, Cora Weber, Frank Zimmermann-Viehoff, Matthias Rose, Hans-Christian Deter
OBJECTIVE: There is an evolving debate about pathological affective responses in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). We examined startle responses in different stages of AN. METHODS: We applied a startle reflex paradigm with standardized visual stimuli (International Affective Pictures System; food and body pictures) in 64 female participants (17 acute AN, 16 chronically ill AN, 15 long-term recovered AN, 16 healthy controls). We measured subjective ratings of valence and anxiety, and electromyographic startle responses...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078784/rumination-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-associations-with-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-weight-bias-internalization
#20
Shirley B Wang, Janet A Lydecker, Carlos M Grilo
Overvaluation of shape and weight in binge-eating disorder (BED) is associated with greater eating-disorder psychopathology and greater weight-bias internalization, which are-in turn-associated with poorer mental and physical health. Little is known, however, about the significance of other cognitive processes, such as rumination, in BED. This study examined rumination and overvaluation of shape/weight with eating-disorder psychopathology and weight-bias internalization among 237 treatment-seeking patients with BED and comorbid obesity...
March 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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