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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370658/placebo-response-and-cessation-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-parallel-group-clinical-trials
#1
Thomas J Blom, Anna I Guerdjikova, Susan L McElroy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore predictors and clinical correlates of placebo response and cessation in binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Data from two identically designed, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, and multicenter pharmacotherapy studies for adults with moderate to severe BED were pooled. RESULTS: Of 360 placebo recipients, 134 (37%) were responders and 53 (15%) achieved 4-week binge eating cessation. Placebo response and cessation were each associated with higher baseline disability scores but not with measures of BED symptomatology severity...
October 29, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358028/abnormalities-in-the-eeg-power-spectrum-in-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Marie Blume, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
To provide a basis for electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback protocols for bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and obesity, this systematic review investigates alterations in EEG-measured brain activity, specifically frequency bands. A systematic literature search with predefined search terms yielded N = 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The risk of bias was assessed for all studies. In resting-state EEG, the beta activity was elevated in fronto-central regions in individuals with obesity and co-morbid BED...
October 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353597/food-addiction-and-preoperative-weight-loss-achievement-in-patients-seeking-bariatric-surgery
#3
Fernando Guerrero Pérez, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Andreu Simó-Servat, Ana Ruiz, Nuria Virgili, Rafael López-Urdiales, Mónica Montserrat-Gil de Bernabe, Pilar Garrido, Rosa Monseny, Amador García-Ruiz-de-Gordejuela, Jordi Pujol-Gebelli, Carmen Monasterio, Neus Salord, Ashley N Gearhardt, Lily Carlson, José M Menchón, Nuria Vilarrasa, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that food addiction (FA) is prevalent among individuals with obesity seeking bariatric surgery (BS), but there is no evidence about whether FA is a predictor of weight loss (WL). We aimed to analyse the prevalence of FA in patients with obesity seeking BS and to examine whether FA could predict WL following dietary intervention before surgery. METHOD: The study included 110 patients with obesity who underwent a dietetic intervention...
October 23, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350446/food-addiction-distinguishes-an-overweight-phenotype-that-can-be-reversed-by-low-calorie-diet
#4
Maria Angela Guzzardi, Silvia Garelli, Alessandro Agostini, Elena Filidei, Flaminia Fanelli, Assuero Giorgetti, Marco Mezzullo, Sabrina Fucci, Roberta Mazza, Valentina Vicennati, Patricia Iozzo, Uberto Pagotto
Similarities in neural activation patterns in obese and substance-dependent subjects led to the food addiction concept, but studies exploiting this issue for obesity stratification are missing. We assessed brain activation in response to food cues using 18 F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-PET in 36 overweight women, stratified by low or high food addiction groups according to the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Assessments were repeated after a 3-month diet. We found greater activation in thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, putamen, and occipital cortex (reward), but not in prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortices (control/reward receipt) in the high-YFAS versus low-YFAS group...
October 23, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338592/food-addiction-a-transdiagnostic-construct-of-increasing-interest
#5
EDITORIAL
Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Andreas Karwautz, Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334340/therapist-adherence-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-individual-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adolescent-binge-eating-disorder
#6
Hans-Christian Puls, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
To evaluate psychological treatments for adolescent binge-eating disorder (BED), reliable information on therapeutic process factors is needed. This study examines therapist adherence and therapeutic alliance and their associations in cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adolescents with BED. In a randomised-controlled efficacy trial, adherence and alliance were objectively determined based on 247 audio-taped CBT sessions from a sample of N = 64 adolescents with BED. Variability of adherence and alliance, explained by treatment module, patient, and therapist were examined using multilevel modeling...
October 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334309/symptoms-of-disordered-eating-among-adult-international-adoptees-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Mattias Strand, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Peeter Fredlund, Anton Lager
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on disordered eating among adoptees. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of symptoms of disordered eating and body image concerns among international adoptees in a large representative community survey on health-related behaviours. METHOD: Combining survey data from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort and Swedish population data, adult international adoptees were compared with total participant data to assess differences in disordered eating and body dissatisfaction...
October 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334311/preliminary-validation-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-for-children-2-0-a-dimensional-approach-to-scoring
#8
Emma T Schiestl, Ashley N Gearhardt
OBJECTIVE: Assessment approaches for food addiction in younger samples have not been updated to reflect recently revised diagnostic approaches for addictive disorders. The aim of the current study is to develop a new dimensional approach to assess food addiction in adolescents that is psychometrically sound, developmentally appropriate, and reflective of the updated diagnostic criteria. METHODS: The dimensional Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children 2.0 (dYFAS-C 2...
October 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328214/precision-psychiatry-what-it-means-for-eating-disorders
#9
EDITORIAL
Carol Kan, Valentina Cardi, Daniel Stahl, Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318852/food-addiction-in-russian-adolescents-associations-with-age-sex-weight-and-depression
#10
Mikhail F Borisenkov, Tatyana A Tserne, Larisa A Bakutova
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are a cause of the recent obesity epidemic. Food addiction (FA) and factors associated with eating disorders have not been adequately studied in adolescents. METHOD: The final study sample included 1,144 students. Study participants were asked to indicate their age, sex, and month of birth and fill out the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. RESULTS: Of the total number of adolescents studied, 4...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318838/negative-urgency-and-the-dual-pathway-model-of-bulimic-symptoms-a-longitudinal-analysis
#11
Francis Puccio, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Isabel Krug
OBJECTIVE: This study extends the dual pathway model (DPM) of bulimic symptoms by considering the bidirectional effects amongst symptoms of depression, dietary restraint, and bulimia. We also assessed the influence of negative urgency, a personality construct associated with bulimic symptoms, on the DPM. METHOD: Participants were 244 females (Mage  = 23.77 years) from the general community. Variables pertinent to the DPM as well as negative urgency were assessed at baseline, and symptoms of depression, dietary restraint, and bulimia were reassessed at 1-month follow-up...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318829/severity-of-somatic-symptoms-in-outpatients-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#12
Angelika Weigel, Bernd Löwe, Sebastian Kohlmann
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies investigated objective somatic consequences of eating disorders whereas research on subjective somatic symptom severity, that is, profiles of subjective burden of somatic symptoms in patients with anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), is sparse. METHODS: Somatic symptom severity (Patient Health Questionnaire-15) was investigated in a cross-sectional consecutive sample of outpatients with AN or BN. Using regression and mediation analyses, effects of somatic symptom severity on days of sick leave during the last 2 weeks and quality of life were examined...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318670/associations-of-food-addiction-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-women-with-an-eating-disorder-a-common-strategy-for-regulating-emotions
#13
Lily Carlson, Trevor Steward, Zaida Agüera, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Pablo Magaña, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Laurence Claes, Ashley N Gearhardt, José M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between lifetime nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotion regulation, and food addiction (FA) in women (n = 220) with eating disorders (ED) compared with (n = 121) healthy controls (HC). METHOD: Participants were assessed via face-to-face interviews for ED diagnosis and lifetime NSSI. FA was assessed with Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 and emotion regulation using the Difficulty in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). RESULTS: The prevalence of FA was significantly higher among women with an ED when compared with HC (75...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280451/unravelling-the-role-and-mechanism-of-adipokine-and-gastrointestinal-signals-in-animal-models-in-the-nonhomeostatic-control-of-energy-homeostasis-implications-for-binge-eating-disorder
#14
Marta G Novelle, Carlos Diéguez
Central and peripheral signals regulating energy homeostasis interact tightly with neuronal pathways to modulate the hedonic component of food intake. Dysregulation of these interactions could explain the development of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or obesity and the increasing incidence of food addiction. In this review, we have highlighted the crucial role of peripheral hormones, such as leptin and ghrelin, among others, in these nonhomeostatic pathways. We have also emphasised the relevance of central cannabinoid pathway and lateral hypothalamus, with orexin and melanin-concentrating hormone neurons, as the critical hub controlling motivation and reward...
October 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259593/compulsive-grazing-and-addictive-tendencies-towards-food
#15
Revi Bonder, Caroline Davis, Jennifer L Kuk, Natalie J Loxton
Evidence suggests that palatable foods can promote an addictive process akin to drugs of abuse. To date, research in the field of food addiction has focused largely on binge eating as a symptom of this condition. The present study investigated relationships between food addiction and other patterns of overeating, such as compulsive grazing-a behaviour with high relevance to bariatric surgery outcomes. Adults between the ages of 20 and 50 years (n = 232) were recruited for the study. Participants completed questionnaires to assess various eating behaviours and related personality measures...
September 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225885/body-uneasiness-is-associated-with-food-addiction-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, Dorian A Lamis, Benedetto Farina, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore, Anna Contardi
The main aim of the present study was to investigate the association between food addiction (FA) symptoms and body uneasiness in a nonclinical sample, while controlling for potential confounding variables. Participants (N = 395; 123 men) were administered self-report measures assessing FA, binge eating severity, body uneasiness, depressive symptoms, emotion dysregulation and socio-demographic variables. Body uneasiness was independently associated with FA symptoms (standardized beta coefficients ranging between 0...
September 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198606/a-case-series-to-investigate-food-related-fear-learning-and-extinction-using-in-vivo-food-exposure-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-clinical-application-of-the-inhibitory-learning-framework
#17
Valentina Cardi, Jenni Leppanen, David Mataix-Cols, Iain C Campbell, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe malnutrition. This study tested the hypothesis that fear of food is a learned behaviour and evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of gradual exposure to food to improve eating behaviour in people with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: Eighteen women were recruited and completed baseline self-reports. They were interviewed regarding early experiences of eating and the development of food-related anxiety. Participants received eight sessions of in vivo food exposure...
September 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198142/obsessive-compulsive-symptomatology-in-female-adolescent-inpatients-with-restrictive-compared-with-binge-purge-eating-disorders
#18
Yael Doreen Lewis, Tal Gilon Mann, Adi Enoch-Levy, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Doron Gothelf, Abraham Weizman, Daniel Stein
OBJECTIVE: Strong relationships exist between obsessive-compulsive (OC) disorder and eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the study was to investigate whether OC symptoms would be expressed differently in different ED types. METHOD: Ninety-four female adolescent inpatients with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R), 67 with binge/purge AN (AN-B/P), and 48 with bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed on admission and discharge using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorders Scale (YBC-EDS), Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
September 9, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252189/the-association-of-serum-leptin-levels-with-food-addiction-is-moderated-by-weight-status-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#19
Triinu Peters, Jochen Antel, Manuel Föcker, Simon Esber, Anke Hinney, Erik Schéle, Suzanne L Dickson, Özgür Albayrak, Johannes Hebebrand
Leptin is essential for the control of energy homeostasis and eating behaviour. We investigated potential associations between serum leptin levels and food addiction in adolescent psychiatric inpatients (n = 228). The most frequent psychiatric diagnoses were mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders. More than three quarters of the study group suffered from more than one psychiatric disorder. Food addiction was assessed with the Yale Food Addiction Scale. Leptin was determined in serum...
September 4, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159982/food-addiction-and-impaired-executive-functions-in-women-with-obesity
#20
Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, María Lozano-Madrid, Zaida Agüera, José A Fernández-Formoso, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Nuria Vilarrasa, Amador García-Ruiz-de-Gordejuela, Misericordia Veciana de Las Heras, Nuria Custal, Nuria Virgili, Rafael López-Urdiales, Ashley N Gearhardt, José M Menchón, Carles Soriano-Mas, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
BACKGROUND: Individuals with obesity (OB) often report suffering from addiction-like symptoms. As in addictions, deficits in executive function domains, such as decision-making and sustained attention, are found in OB. No study to date has examined the associations between food addiction, OB, and neuropsychological performance. METHOD: Thirty-three adult women with OB and 36 healthy weight controls completed the Yale Food Addiction Scale Version 2.0, a validated instrument used to assess food-related addictive behaviours...
August 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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