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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774627/changes-in-eating-disorder-characteristics-over-the-years
#1
Michel Probst, Kärt Kürsa, Tine Van Damme, Jolien Diedens, Johan Vanderlinden
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross-sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervosa and admitted at an inpatient unit from the first of January 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. Several reliable and well-validated questionnaires (Eating Disorder Inventory, Body Attitude Test, Symptom Checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory) were administered and scores were compared...
May 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744972/are-socio-emotional-and-neurocognitive-functioning-predictors-of-therapeutic-outcomes-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Anna Oldershaw, Tony Lavender, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emotional, social, and neurocognitive factors are theorised to maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). Yet whether they predict outcomes or relate to clinical change remains unclear. METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive adult outpatient eating disorder service referrals presenting with AN, who participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing 2 psychotherapies, were assessed for emotional processing, social cognition, and neurocognition pretherapy and posttherapy...
May 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732651/supporting-carers-of-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders-in-austria-succeat-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Claudia Franta, Julia Philipp, Karin Waldherr, Stefanie Truttmann, Elisabeth Merl, Gabriele Schöfbeck, Doris Koubek, Clarissa Laczkovics, Hartmut Imgart, Annika Zanko, Michael Zeiler, Janet Treasure, Andreas Karwautz, Gudrun Wagner
Supporting Carers of Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders in Austria (SUCCEAT) is an intervention for carers of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa. This paper describes the study protocol for a randomised controlled trial including the process and economic evaluation. Carers are randomly allocated to one of the 2 SUCCEAT intervention formats, either 8 weekly 2-hr workshop sessions (n = 48) or web-based modules (n = 48), and compared with a nonrandomised control group (n = 48)...
May 6, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717794/are-treatment-results-for-eating-disorders-affected-by-adhd-symptoms-a-one-year-follow-up-of-adult-females
#4
Nils Erik Svedlund, Claes Norring, Ylva Ginsberg, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of self-reported Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms on recovery rate at 1-year follow-up in an unselected group of patients in a specialized eating disorder (ED) clinic. METHODS: Four hundred forty-three adult females with an ED were assessed with the ADHD Self-Report Scale for Adults (ASRS-screener), and for demographic variables and ED symptoms. Recovery was registered at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: A high degree of ADHD symptoms at baseline was predictive for nonrecovery of ED at 1-year follow-up in patients with loss of control over eating, bingeing, or purging...
May 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708623/eating-disorders-symptoms-in-sexual-minority-women-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Paolo Meneguzzo, Enrico Collantoni, Davide Gallicchio, Paolo Busetto, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Although the literature consistently shows increased levels of psychological distress in the gay population, less evidence-and with contrasting findings-is available with regard to lesbian women. The aim of the present study is to review the literature in the eating disorders (EDs) field in order to provide further data on the frequency of EDs symptoms in sexual minority women. METHOD: A systematic review of the studies identified by electronic database search (PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar) up to August 2017...
April 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700970/executive-functioning-and-central-coherence-in-anorexia-nervosa-pilot-investigation-of-a-neurocognitive-endophenotype
#6
Melanie Brown, Katharine L Loeb, Robert E McGrath, Lana Tiersky, Nancy Zucker, Amanda Carlin
A neurocognitive profile characterized by problems in set shifting, executive functioning, and central coherence may pre-date and maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). To test this pattern as a possible endophenotype for AN, 10 youth with current AN, 14 healthy youth, and their biological parents, participated in a neuropsychological battery. Youth with AN demonstrated significantly weaker central coherence, related to enhanced detail-focused processing. Youth with AN and their parents demonstrated significantly greater psychopathology relative to controls, and youth-parent scores were significantly correlated...
April 27, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700895/parental-characteristics-in-association-with-disordered-eating-in-11-to-12-year-olds-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#7
Pernille Stemann Larsen, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Else Marie Olsen, Nadia Micali, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
We examined the association between parental characteristics and disordered eating among 11- to 12-year-olds within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Frequency of fasting, purging, and binge eating was obtained by self-report from 37,592 children and combined into a measure of disordered eating (no, monthly, and weekly). Information on parental characteristics was obtained during pregnancy, from the 7-year follow-up, and by linkage to population registers. Data were analysed using multinomial logistic regression models with robust standard errors...
April 27, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691947/using-bivariate-latent-basis-growth-curve-analysis-to-better-understand-treatment-outcome-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa
#8
Catherine E Byrne, Joseph A Wonderlich, Timothy Curby, Sarah Fischer, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between eating-related obsessionality and weight restoration utilizing bivariate latent basis growth curve modelling. Eating-related obsessionality is a moderator of treatment outcome for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). This study examined the degree to which the rate of change in eating-related obsessionality was associated with the rate of change in weight over time in family-based treatment (FBT) and individual therapy for AN. METHOD: Data were drawn from a 2-site randomized controlled trial that compared FBT and adolescent focused therapy for AN...
April 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665149/decision-making-impairment-in-anorexia-nervosa-new-insights-into-the-role-of-age-and-decision-making-style
#9
Valeria Giannunzio, Daniela Degortes, Elena Tenconi, Enrico Collantoni, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
OBJECTIVE: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) often report difficulties in decision making, which may interfere with treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate decision making in a large sample of adolescent and adult patients with AN, by using the Iowa gambling task. METHOD: Participants were 611 female individuals (310 patients and 301 controls) who underwent neuropsychological and clinical assessment. RESULTS: Significantly poorer decision-making performance was observed in adult patients, whereas no difference emerged between affected and nonaffected adolescents...
April 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635827/perfectionism-and-cognitive-rigidity-in-anorexia-nervosa-is-there-an-association
#10
Sara Buzzichelli, Enrica Marzola, Federico Amianto, Secondo Fassino, Giovanni Abbate-Daga
Little is known about the relationship between neuropsychology, personality, and eating psychopathology in anorexia nervosa (AN). We aimed to investigate the interaction between set shifting and perfectionism in AN and to ascertain the role of perfectionism as a mediator between set shifting and eating psychopathology. Eighty-five patients with AN and 71 healthy controls completed Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (using 8 as a cut-off for generating groups with high vs. low perfectionism), Beck Depression Inventory, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Trail Making Task, and Hayling Sentence Completion Task...
April 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611303/different-attention-bias-patterns-in-anorexia-nervosa-restricting-and-binge-purge-types
#11
Tal Gilon Mann, Sami Hamdan, Yair Bar-Haim, Amit Lazarov, Adi Enoch-Levy, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Janet Treasure, Daniel Stein
Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been shown to display both elevated anxiety and attentional biases in threat processing. In this study, we compared threat-related attention patterns of patients with AN restricting type (AN-R; n = 32), AN binge/purge type (AN-B/P; n = 23), and healthy controls (n = 19). A dot-probe task with either eating disorder-related or general and social anxiety-related words was used to measure attention patterns. Severity of eating disorder symptoms, depression, anxiety, and stress were also assessed...
April 3, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607561/effectiveness-of-emotional-skills-training-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-with-autistic-symptoms-in-group-and-individual-format
#12
James Adamson, Jenni Leppanen, Marianna Murin, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CREST interventions in individual and group formats for adult anorexia nervosa. Furthermore, this study also aims to analyse whether patients with high levels of autistic symptoms respond differently. METHODS: Participants' self-report measures were taken before and after individual and group interventions (N = 66 and N = 62, respectively). Mixed effects analysis was used to analyse overall response to both formats and assess interaction with autism symptoms...
April 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577512/cognitive-remediation-therapy-crt-in-a-specialist-inpatient-eating-disorder-service-for-children-and-adolescents-can-crt-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Lucia Giombini, Sophie Nesbitt, Hannah Cox, Anna Foxall, Teo Sharia, Abigail Easter, Kate Tchanturia
INTRODUCTION: Research on treatments for young people (YP) with anorexia nervosa (AN) is scarce. Evidence supports the use of cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) to improve central coherence and set-shifting, inefficiencies that can negatively impact on prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate the feasibility of individual CRT in an inpatient setting for YP aged 10-18 years with AN and to qualitatively examine YP's and their parents experiences. METHOD: In a single-centre, pilot, randomised controlled trial, 80 patients aged 10-18 years with AN will be randomly allocated to the immediate or delayed CRT group, in addition to standard treatment...
March 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577487/the-effectiveness-of-contingency-management-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Katrin Ziser, Gaby Resmark, Katrin Elisabeth Giel, Sandra Becker, Felicitas Stuber, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Contingency management in stipulating weight gain is routinely used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa, however, empirical investigations concerning its effectiveness have been scarce. This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA statement. Of N = 973 hits, 42 full-texts were included in the qualitative synthesis (11 theoretical texts, 19 case reports, 12 descriptive, cohort, and controlled trials). A central topic in the included publications concerns the enhancement of patients' autonomy through participation in the contingency management process...
March 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687578/social-attribution-in-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Anna Oldershaw, Hannah DeJong, David Hambrook, Ulrike Schmidt
People with anorexia nervosa (AN) report socioemotional difficulties; however, measurement has been criticised for lacking ecological validity and the state or trait nature of difficulties remains unclear. Participants (n = 122) were recruited across 3 groups: people who are currently ill with AN (n = 40); people who recovered (RecAN, n = 18); healthy-control participants (n = 64). Participants completed clinical questionnaires and the Social Attribution Task. The Social Attribution Task involves describing an animation of moving shapes, scored for number of propositions offered, accuracy, and social relevance...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542258/cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-adolescent-inpatients-with-severe-and-complex-anorexia-nervosa-a-treatment-trial
#16
Amy Harrison, Pamela Stavri, Lynn Ormond, Francine McEnemy, Dilan Akyol, Annum Qureshi, Hind Al-Khairulla
Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a low-intensity treatment adjunct for individuals with severe and complex anorexia nervosa (AN) with difficulties in globally oriented, flexible thinking. Previously trialled in adults, this study investigated whether individual and group CRT was a feasible, acceptable, and beneficial treatment for 125 adolescent inpatients with severe and complex AN. Seventy patients (mean age = 15.22, SD = 1.44) received 10 sessions of individual CRT, and 55 patients (mean age = 14...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542211/efficacy-of-a-partial-hospital-programme-for-adults-with-eating-disorders
#17
Tiffany A Brown, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Julie Trim, Tiffany Nakamura, Mary Ellen Trunko, Walter H Kaye
Partial hospital programmes (PHPs) have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs); however, few programmes have examined long-term outcomes across diagnoses, including subtypes of anorexia nervosa (AN). The present study examined the effectiveness of PHP for adult patients (n = 243) with AN-restricting subtype (n = 79), AN binge/purge subtype (n = 46), and bulimia nervosa (n = 118). These patients tended to have long-standing courses of illness (43%, illness duration >7 years) and high levels of psychiatric comorbidity (92...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542203/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-binge-eating-disorder-and-insomnia-symptoms
#18
Therese E Kenny, Megan Van Wijk, Christopher Singleton, Jacqueline C Carter
OBJECTIVE: Although studies on sleep difficulties in binge eating disorder (BED) have produced inconsistent findings, research has linked poor sleep to the presence of related concerns (e.g., obesity, anxiety, and depression). To clarify the relationship between BED and sleep problems, this study aimed to compare insomnia symptoms in individuals with BED and those with no history of an eating disorder (NED). METHOD: An adult community sample of individuals with BED (N = 68) and NED (N = 78) completed measures of insomnia, depression and anxiety, and eating disorder symptoms...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542195/different-outcomes-psychopathological-features-and-comorbidities-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-reporting-childhood-abuse-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#19
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Emanuele Cassioli, Eleonora Ciampi, Francesco Zamponi, Beatrice Campone, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valdo Ricca
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of childhood adversities in long-term outcomes in eating disorders (EDs). One hundred thirty-three eating disorder patients were studied by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and psychometric tests, at baseline, at the end of individual cognitive behavioural therapy, and at 3-year follow-up. As compared with the other patients, those reporting childhood abuse (overall: 24.8%; physical abuse: 20.3%; sexual abuse: 13.6%) showed higher impulsivity, psychiatric comorbidity, lower full recovery at follow-up (12...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528168/body-checking-and-body-avoidance-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra Nikodijevic, Kimberly Buck, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Tara de Paoli, Isabel Krug
This review sought to systematically review and quantify the evidence related to body checking and body avoidance in eating disorders (EDs) to gauge the size of effects, as well as examine potential differences between clinical and nonclinical populations, and between different ED subtypes. PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PsycEXTRA, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE databases were searched for academic literature published until October 2017. A grey literature search was also conducted. Fifty-two studies were identified for the systematic review, of which 34 were eligible for meta-analysis...
May 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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