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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#1
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804985/a-randomised-controlled-comparison-of-second-level-treatment-approaches-for-treatment-resistant-adults-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-assessing-the-benefits-of-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-therapy
#2
Marta Ferrer-García, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Laura Forcano, Nadine Riesco, Isabel Sánchez, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, Antonios Dakanalis
A question that arises from the literature on therapy is whether second-level treatment is effective for patients with recurrent binge eating who fail first-level treatment. It has been shown that subjects who do not stop binge eating after an initial structured cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) programme benefit from additional CBT (A-CBT) sessions; however, it has been suggested that these resistant patients would benefit even more from cue exposure therapy (CET) targeting features associated with poor response (e...
August 14, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799287/neuropsychological-and-cognitive-correlates-of-recovery-in-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Jessica A Harper, Brooks Brodrick, Erin Van Enkevort, Carrie J McAdams
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical or cognitive measures either predictive of illness trajectory or altered with sustained weight recovery in adult women with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: Participants were recruited from prior studies of women with anorexia nervosa (AN-C) and in weight-recovery following anorexia nervosa (AN-WR). Participants completed a neuropsychological battery at baseline and clinical assessments at both baseline and follow-up. Groups based on clinical outcome (continued eating disorder, AN-CC; newly in recovery, AN-CR; sustained weight-recovery, AN-WR) were compared by using one-way ANOVAs with Bonferroni-corrected post hoc comparisons...
August 11, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762613/visual-attention-to-ambiguous-emotional-faces-in-eating-disorders-role-of-alexithymia
#4
Esther Fujiwara, Veronica L Kube, Daniel Rochman, Alexander K Macrae-Korobkov, Vanessa Peynenburg
Eating disorders (EDs) are often accompanied by social-emotional problems. Recently, alexithymia has been suggested to explain objective emotion processing deficits in EDs. We tested if elevated levels of alexithymia may explain emotional face-processing problems in a mixed ED group (N = 24, 19 with anorexia and five with bulimia), comparing them with high-alexithymic (N = 25) and low-alexithymic healthy controls (N = 25). Participants judged the mixture ratio of clear and ambiguous facial emotion blends while eye movements were recorded...
August 1, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762262/embodiment-mediates-the-relationship-between-avoidant-attachment-and-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#5
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Valdo Ricca, Umberto Volpe, Francesco De Riso, Massimiliano Nigro, Francesco Zamponi, Milena Mancini, Giovanni Stanghellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Janet Treasure, Mario Maj
OBJECTIVE: The overvaluation of body shape and weight of persons with eating disorders (EDs) is putatively explained by a disturbance in the way they experience their own body (embodiment). Moreover, attachment disorders seem to promote the use of body as source for self-definition. Therefore, we assessed the role of embodiment in the connection between attachment styles and ED psychopathology. METHOD: One-hundred and thirteen ED patients and 117 healthy subjects completed the Identity and Eating Disorders (IDEA) Questionnaire, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI-2) and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale...
July 31, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752904/social-rank-and-rejection-sensitivity-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-insecure-attachment-and-disordered-eating
#6
Tara De Paoli, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Emma Halliwell, Francis Puccio, Isabel Krug
AIM: The current study assessed a new interpersonal model for eating disorders (EDs), in which interpersonal rejection sensitivity (RS), appearance-based RS and social rank were hypothesised to mediate the relationship between insecure attachment and disordered eating. METHOD: The sample comprised a clinical ED group (N = 122) and a control group (N = 622). Participants were asked to complete a number of self-report measures related to the variables of interest...
July 28, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719083/subtypes-of-personality-and-locus-of-control-in-bariatric-patients-and-their-effect-on-weight-loss-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#7
Carolin Peterhänsel, Katja Linde, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
The present study subdivided personality types in a bariatric sample and investigated their impact on weight loss and psychopathology 6 and 12 months after surgery. One hundred thirty participants answered questionnaires on personality (NEO-FFI), 'locus of control' (IPC), depression severity (BDI-II), eating disorder psychopathology (EDE-Q), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; SF-12). K-means cluster analyses were used to identify subtypes. Two subtypes emerged: an 'emotionally dysregulated/undercontrolled' cluster defined by high neuroticism and external orientation and a 'resilient/high functioning' cluster with the reverse pattern...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#8
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695662/a-readiness-ruler-for-assessing-motivation-to-change-in-people-with-eating-disorders
#9
Annie St-Hilaire, Kaitlyn Axelrod, Josie Geller, Juliana Mazanek Antunes, Howard Steiger
OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychometric properties of the Eating Disorder Readiness Ruler a simple self-report instrument designed to enable rapid assessment of readiness to change problematic eating behaviours in people with clinical eating disorders. METHOD: We administered the ED-RR, the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire and a measure of autonomous and controlled motivation for change to 206 individuals receiving outpatient treatment for an eating disorder...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695573/relationships-between-self-reported-and-observed-parenting-behaviour-adolescent-disordered-eating-attitudes-and-behaviours-and-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-data-from-the-australian-temperament-project
#10
Vanja Rozenblat, Joanne Ryan, Eleanor Wertheim, Ross King, Craig A Olsson, Primrose Letcher, Isabel Krug
This study examined whether self-reported and observationally measured parental behaviours were associated with disordered eating, and investigated possible moderation by a serotonin-transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR). Study 1 included 650 adolescents from the Australian Temperament Project who completed the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 Drive for Thinness and Bulimia scales at 15/16 years and were genotyped for 5-HTTLPR. Parents completed an Australian Temperament Project-devised measure of parental warmth and harsh punishment...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675592/exploring-types-of-family-environments-in-youth-with-eating-disorders
#11
Sabrina M Darrow, Erin C Accurso, Emily R Nauman, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
While many studies have explored the relationship between different eating disorder diagnoses and the familial social environment, current evidence does not support associations between distinct family interaction patterns (e.g. high enmeshment) and particular diagnoses (e.g. anorexia nervosa). The current study seeks to move beyond the current literature to explore whether empirically derived subtypes of family environment are associated with clinical features within a transdiagnostic sample of youth seeking treatment for eating disorders (n = 123)...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660717/risk-of-urolithiasis-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-the-health-improvement-network
#12
Michelle R Denburg, Mary B Leonard, Thomas O Jemielita, Neville H Golden, Gregory Tasian, Lawrence Copelovitch
This population-based retrospective cohort study sought to determine if anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with a higher risk of urolithiasis. Nine thousand three hundred two females with AN were compared to 92 959 randomly selected age-matched and practice-matched females. Cox regression was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for urolithiasis and evaluate effect modification by age. Twenty-three participants with AN (0.25%) developed urolithiasis compared with 154 unexposed participants (0.17%) over a median of 4 years of observation...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660699/development-and-validation-of-a-decision-tool-for-early-identification-of-adult-patients-with-severe-and-complex-eating-disorder-psychopathology-in-need-of-highly-specialized-care
#13
Alexandra E Dingemans, Maartje Goorden, Freek J B Lötters, Clazien Bouwmans, Unna N Danner, Annemarie A van Elburg, Eric F van Furth, Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen
Patients with complex and severe eating disorders often receive a number of ineffective or/and insufficient treatments. Direct referral of these patients to highly specialized tertiary treatment facilities in an earlier stage of the disorder is likely to be more (cost)-effective. The aim of the study was to develop a decision tool that aids clinicians in early identification of these patients. After identification of criteria that were indicative of severity and complexity of eating disorder psychopathology by means of a systematic review of literature and consultation of a focus group, a Delphi method was applied to obtain consensus from experts on the list of relevant criteria...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635077/self-disgust-within-eating-disordered-groups-associations-with-anxiety-disgust-sensitivity-and-sensory-processing
#14
Katie Bell, Helen Coulthard, Diane Wildbur
This study aimed to assess the relationship between self-disgust and sensory processing within eating psychopathology. Five hundred and ninety-one women with a self-reported diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or who had no previous history of an eating disorder completed a battery of online questionnaires measuring disgust, emotion and sensory variables. Those with an eating disorder reported significantly higher rates of self-disgust than those with no history of disordered eating. In groups of women with self-reported bulimia, self-disgust was associated with sensation avoidance and sensation seeking...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586130/daily-changes-in-composition-and-diversity-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-series-of-three-cases
#15
Susan C Kleiman, Elaine M Glenny, Emily C Bulik-Sullivan, Eun Young Huh, Matthew C B Tsilimigras, Anthony A Fodor, Cynthia M Bulik, Ian M Carroll
Anorexia nervosa, a severe psychiatric illness, is associated with an intestinal microbial dysbiosis. Individual microbial signatures dominate in healthy samples, even over time and under controlled conditions, but whether microbial markers of the disorder overcome inter-individual variation during the acute stage of illness or renourishment is unknown. We characterized daily changes in the intestinal microbiota in three acutely ill patients with anorexia nervosa over the entire course of hospital-based renourishment and found significant, patient-specific changes in microbial composition and diversity...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568971/longitudinal-bi-directional-effects-of-disordered-eating-depression-and-anxiety
#16
Francis Puccio, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, George Youssef, Sarah Mitchell, Michelle Byrne, Nick Allen, Isabel Krug
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to explore the potentially longitudinal bi-directional effects of disordered eating (DE) symptoms with depression and anxiety. METHOD: Participants were 189 (49.5% male) adolescents from Melbourne, Australia. DE, depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed at approximately 15, 16.5 and 18.5 years of age. RESULTS: Analysis of longitudinal bi-directional effects assessed via cross-lagged models indicated that DE symptoms of eating and shape/weight concerns were risk factors for anxiety...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568706/examining-maternal-psychopathology-family-functioning-and-coping-skills-in-childhood-obesity-a-case-control-study
#17
Miriam Blanco, Ana R Sepulveda, Tatiana Lacruz, Melissa Parks, Beatriz Real, Yolanda Martin-Peinador, Francisco J Román
The shared family environment is an important risk factor in the development of childhood obesity. This study aims to examine differences in maternal psychopathology, family functioning, expressed emotion and coping skills between families of a child with obesity and those with a normal-weight child. This case-control study consisted of 50 mothers with a child (age 8-12 years) with obesity (p ≥ 97) and a control group of 50 mothers of a child with normal weight (p < 85), matched for age, sex and socio-economic status...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544668/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Melanie Brown, Lauren Robinson, Giovanna Cristina Campione, Kelsey Wuensch, Tom Hildebrandt, Nadia Micali
Intolerance of uncertainty is an empirically supported transdiagnostic construct that may have relevance in understanding eating disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of intolerance of uncertainty in eating disorders using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We calculated random-effects standardised mean differences (SMD) for studies utilising the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS) and summarised additional studies descriptively...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467032/comparative-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-binge-eating-disorder-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Christine M Peat, Nancy D Berkman, Kathleen N Lohr, Kimberly A Brownley, Carla M Bann, Katherine Cullen, Mary J Quattlebaum, Cynthia M Bulik
Psychological and pharmacological interventions for binge-eating disorder have previously demonstrated efficacy (compared with placebo or waitlist control); thus, we aimed to expand that literature with a review of comparative effectiveness. We searched MEDLINE,® EMBASE,® Cochrane Library, Academic OneFile, CINAHL® for binge-eating disorder treatment articles and selected studies using predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were sufficient for network meta-analysis comparing two pharmacological interventions; psychological interventions were analysed qualitatively...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345215/temporal-discounting-and-the-tendency-to-delay-gratification-across-the-eating-disorder-spectrum
#20
Savani Bartholdy, Samantha Rennalls, Hollie Danby, Claire Jacques, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt, Owen G O'Daly
Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) have been associated with poorer reward-related inhibitory control, reflected by a reduced tendency to delay gratification. The opposite has been reported in anorexia nervosa (AN), but differences have not been directly compared across eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated self-reported (Delaying Gratification Inventory) and task-based (temporal discounting) inhibitory control in 66 women with an ED and 28 healthy controls (HCs). Poorer task-based inhibitory control was observed in the BN compared with the AN group and poorer self-reported inhibitory control in the BN and in the BED groups compared with the AN and the HC groups, suggesting that reward-related inhibitory control varies across EDs...
September 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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