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European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30623519/efficacy-of-psychotherapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-on-self-esteem-improvement-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Emily J Kothe, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis examined the effects of psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge-eating disorder (BED) on self-esteem improvement. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychological treatments that assessed self-esteem change in eating disorders were included. Thirty-four RCTs were included; most sampled BED and then BN. Hedge's g effects were entered into random effects models. RESULTS: Psychotherapy for BN led to significantly greater post-treatment improvements in self-esteem than control conditions (g = 0...
January 9, 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30585369/high-intensity-exercise-is-associated-with-a-better-nutritional-status-in-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Melissa Rizk, Laurence Kern, Christophe Lalanne, Mouna Hanachi, Jean-Claude Melchior, Claude Pichard, Lama Mattar, Sylvie Berthoz, Nathalie Godart
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the links between duration and intensity of exercise and the nutritional status in terms of body composition in acute anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. METHOD: One hundred ninety-one hospitalized women suffering from AN were included. Exercise duration and intensity were assessed using a semistructured questionnaire. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance. Linear multiple regression analyses were carried out using body mass index, fat-free mass index, and fat mass index as dependent variables and including systematically exercise duration, exercise intensity, and other confounding variables described in the literature that were significantly associated with each dependent variable in univariate analysis...
December 26, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549173/prevalence-and-correlates-of-a-positive-screen-for-eating-disorders-among-syrian-refugees
#3
Antoine Aoun, Janine Joundi, Najwa El Gerges
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of a positive screen for eating disorders (EDs) in a sample of Syrian refugees living in North Lebanon. The study was conducted on a convenience sample of 450 (84.67% women and 15.33% men) refugees, aged between 18 and 45 years. The prevalence of a positive screen for ED was 5.79%. Bivariate analyses revealed that female gender (p = 0.02), presence of medical conditions (p = 0.01), old occurrence of major stressful life event (p < 0...
December 13, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549146/a-controlled-study-of-the-collaborative-care-skills-workshops-versus-psycho-educational-workshops-among-spanish-caregivers-of-relatives-with-an-eating-disorder
#4
Ana R Sepúlveda, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Melissa Parks, Elena Gutiérrez
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a negative reaction to the illness would be reduced through the "Collaborative Care Skills Workshops" programme among Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder. Caregivers were randomly allocated to either the skill-based workshops (n = 32) or psycho-educational workshops (n = 31), and assessments were carried out over time (T0 vs. T1 vs. T2 ). There were no significant differences between interventions on primary or secondary caregiver outcomes or among the patients themselves...
December 13, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30467917/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-association-between-facets-of-mindfulness-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-individuals-diagnosed-with-eating-disorders
#5
Margarita Sala, Irina A Vanzhula, Cheri A Levinson
Mindfulness-based treatments for eating disorders could be improved by understanding how facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time. We examined whether facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time and vice versa. Individuals with an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 124; 87.9% diagnosed with anorexia nervosa) and an undergraduate sample (N = 290) completed measures of mindfulness at baseline. The clinical sample also completed these measures 1 month later. Individuals in the clinical sample had lower acting with awareness and higher observing than individuals in the undergraduate sample (ps < 0...
November 22, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30417472/psychometric-properties-of-the-autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-treatment-questionnaire-in-women-with-eating-disorders
#6
Jeanne Sansfaçon, Émilie Fletcher, David C Zuroff, Norbert Schmitz, Alexia Miller, Mimi Israel, Howard Steiger
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire (ACMTQ) for use in women with an eating disorder (ED). METHOD: Data were available for 463 individuals. We assessed factor structure, internal reliability, test-retest reliability, convergent/divergent validity, and incremental predictive validity. RESULTS: Our data showed acceptable fit to our hypothesized model (comparative fit index = 0.92, root mean square error of approximation = 0...
November 12, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370658/placebo-response-and-cessation-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-parallel-group-clinical-trials
#7
Thomas J Blom, Anna I Guerdjikova, Susan L McElroy
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore predictors and clinical correlates of placebo response and cessation in binge eating disorder (BED). METHOD: Data from two identically designed, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, and multicenter pharmacotherapy studies for adults with moderate to severe BED were pooled. RESULTS: Of 360 placebo recipients, 134 (37%) were responders and 53 (15%) achieved 4-week binge eating cessation. Placebo response and cessation were each associated with higher baseline disability scores but not with measures of BED symptomatology severity...
October 29, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358028/abnormalities-in-the-eeg-power-spectrum-in-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Marie Blume, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
To provide a basis for electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback protocols for bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and obesity, this systematic review investigates alterations in EEG-measured brain activity, specifically frequency bands. A systematic literature search with predefined search terms yielded N = 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The risk of bias was assessed for all studies. In resting-state EEG, the beta activity was elevated in fronto-central regions in individuals with obesity and co-morbid BED...
October 25, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30548737/obituary-for-professor-gerald-russell
#9
Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350446/food-addiction-distinguishes-an-overweight-phenotype-that-can-be-reversed-by-low-calorie-diet
#10
Maria Angela Guzzardi, Silvia Garelli, Alessandro Agostini, Elena Filidei, Flaminia Fanelli, Assuero Giorgetti, Marco Mezzullo, Sabrina Fucci, Roberta Mazza, Valentina Vicennati, Patricia Iozzo, Uberto Pagotto
Similarities in neural activation patterns in obese and substance-dependent subjects led to the food addiction concept, but studies exploiting this issue for obesity stratification are missing. We assessed brain activation in response to food cues using 18 F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-PET in 36 overweight women, stratified by low or high food addiction groups according to the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Assessments were repeated after a 3-month diet. We found greater activation in thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, putamen, and occipital cortex (reward), but not in prefrontal and orbitofrontal cortices (control/reward receipt) in the high-YFAS versus low-YFAS group...
November 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338592/food-addiction-a-transdiagnostic-construct-of-increasing-interest
#11
EDITORIAL
Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Andreas Karwautz, Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334311/preliminary-validation-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-for-children-2-0-a-dimensional-approach-to-scoring
#12
Emma T Schiestl, Ashley N Gearhardt
OBJECTIVE: Assessment approaches for food addiction in younger samples have not been updated to reflect recently revised diagnostic approaches for addictive disorders. The aim of the current study is to develop a new dimensional approach to assess food addiction in adolescents that is psychometrically sound, developmentally appropriate, and reflective of the updated diagnostic criteria. METHODS: The dimensional Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children 2.0 (dYFAS-C 2...
November 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003654/food-addiction-among-men-and-women-in-india
#13
Ashley A Wiedemann, Jessica L Lawson, Paige M Cunningham, Kathryn M Khalvati, Janet A Lydecker, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to address a cultural gap in the food addiction (FA) literature by examining FA and associated clinical features in a nonclinical group of men and women residing in India. METHOD: Participants (N = 415) were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to complete an online survey about weight and eating. Participants completed self-report measures assessing FA (Yale Food Addiction Scale [YFAS]), eating-disorder psychopathology (Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire [EDE-Q]), health-related quality of life (Short Form Health Survey-12-item version [SF-12]), and depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-2)...
November 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353597/food-addiction-and-preoperative-weight-loss-achievement-in-patients-seeking-bariatric-surgery
#14
Fernando Guerrero Pérez, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Andreu Simó-Servat, Ana Ruiz, Nuria Virgili, Rafael López-Urdiales, Mónica Montserrat-Gil de Bernabe, Pilar Garrido, Rosa Monseny, Amador García-Ruiz-de-Gordejuela, Jordi Pujol-Gebelli, Carmen Monasterio, Neus Salord, Ashley N Gearhardt, Lily Carlson, José M Menchón, Nuria Vilarrasa, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that food addiction (FA) is prevalent among individuals with obesity seeking bariatric surgery (BS), but there is no evidence about whether FA is a predictor of weight loss (WL). We aimed to analyse the prevalence of FA in patients with obesity seeking BS and to examine whether FA could predict WL following dietary intervention before surgery. METHOD: The study included 110 patients with obesity who underwent a dietetic intervention...
October 23, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334340/therapist-adherence-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-individual-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adolescent-binge-eating-disorder
#15
Hans-Christian Puls, Ricarda Schmidt, Anja Hilbert
To evaluate psychological treatments for adolescent binge-eating disorder (BED), reliable information on therapeutic process factors is needed. This study examines therapist adherence and therapeutic alliance and their associations in cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adolescents with BED. In a randomised-controlled efficacy trial, adherence and alliance were objectively determined based on 247 audio-taped CBT sessions from a sample of N = 64 adolescents with BED. Variability of adherence and alliance, explained by treatment module, patient, and therapist were examined using multilevel modeling...
October 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334309/symptoms-of-disordered-eating-among-adult-international-adoptees-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Mattias Strand, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Peeter Fredlund, Anton Lager
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data on disordered eating among adoptees. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of symptoms of disordered eating and body image concerns among international adoptees in a large representative community survey on health-related behaviours. METHOD: Combining survey data from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort and Swedish population data, adult international adoptees were compared with total participant data to assess differences in disordered eating and body dissatisfaction...
October 18, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328214/precision-psychiatry-what-it-means-for-eating-disorders
#17
EDITORIAL
Carol Kan, Valentina Cardi, Daniel Stahl, Janet Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318852/food-addiction-in-russian-adolescents-associations-with-age-sex-weight-and-depression
#18
Mikhail F Borisenkov, Tatyana A Tserne, Larisa A Bakutova
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are a cause of the recent obesity epidemic. Food addiction (FA) and factors associated with eating disorders have not been adequately studied in adolescents. METHOD: The final study sample included 1,144 students. Study participants were asked to indicate their age, sex, and month of birth and fill out the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. RESULTS: Of the total number of adolescents studied, 4...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318838/negative-urgency-and-the-dual-pathway-model-of-bulimic-symptoms-a-longitudinal-analysis
#19
Francis Puccio, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Isabel Krug
OBJECTIVE: This study extends the dual pathway model (DPM) of bulimic symptoms by considering the bidirectional effects amongst symptoms of depression, dietary restraint, and bulimia. We also assessed the influence of negative urgency, a personality construct associated with bulimic symptoms, on the DPM. METHOD: Participants were 244 females (Mage  = 23.77 years) from the general community. Variables pertinent to the DPM as well as negative urgency were assessed at baseline, and symptoms of depression, dietary restraint, and bulimia were reassessed at 1-month follow-up...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318829/severity-of-somatic-symptoms-in-outpatients-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#20
Angelika Weigel, Bernd Löwe, Sebastian Kohlmann
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies investigated objective somatic consequences of eating disorders whereas research on subjective somatic symptom severity, that is, profiles of subjective burden of somatic symptoms in patients with anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), is sparse. METHODS: Somatic symptom severity (Patient Health Questionnaire-15) was investigated in a cross-sectional consecutive sample of outpatients with AN or BN. Using regression and mediation analyses, effects of somatic symptom severity on days of sick leave during the last 2 weeks and quality of life were examined...
October 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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