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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381532/acute-renal-failure-related-to-cave-visit-evidence-in-literature-and-observation-on-the-cave-trapped-victims-in-thailand-2018
#1
LETTER
Pathum Sookaromdee, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381531/self-care-at-home-education-impression-on-the-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-treated-in-ardebil-iran
#2
LETTER
Nader Aghakhani, Solmaz Habibzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381530/a-case-of-recurrent-embolic-stroke-of-undetermined-source-in-a-chronic-kidney-disease-patient-undergoing-hemodialysis
#3
LETTER
Mitsutoshi Shindo, Shohei Kaneko, Saori Minato, Yuko Mutsuyoshi, Katsunori Yanai, Hiroki Ishii, Taisuke Kitano, Haruhisa Miyazawa, Kiyonori Ito, Yuichiro Ueda, Keiji Hirai, Taro Hoshino, Susumu Ookawara, Yoshiyuki Morishita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381529/distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-secondary-to-vesico-ureteric-reflux-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#4
Anjali Bharani, Tanmay Bharani, Rajesh Bharani
Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is the most common congenital anomaly of the urinary tract that occurs in 30%-50% of children presenting with recurrent urinary tract infections. Long-standing untreated VUR results in renal scarring and hydronephrotic changes ultimately leading to chronic renal failure and arterial hypertension. However, it may also result in diffuse tubulopathy compromising the concentrating capacity of tubules and urinary acidification defects. Renal tubular dysfunction should be considered in all children with VUR presenting with failure to thrive, rickets, bony deformity/pain, hypokalemia, and metabolic acidosis...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381528/hepatitis-c-virus-directly-acting-antivirals-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#5
Manish Balwani, Charulata Bawankule, Vishal Ramteke, Amit Pasari
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been associated with both infective and noninfective etiologies. It is usually preceded by acute gastrointestinal or respiratory infections. We report an unusual case of GBS in a hepatitis C virus-positive hemodialysis (HD)-dependent patient who was being treated with sofosbuvir and daclatasvir along with antitubercular drugs for pulmonary tuberculosis. One should keep GBS in the differential diagnosis in HD patients whenever patient presents with lower limb weakness. Early diagnosis will help in timely initiation of treatment which is crucial to treat GBS...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381527/hemosiderin-tubulopathy-induced-acute-kidney-injury-a-rare-initial-manifestation-of-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria
#6
Srikanth Prasad Rao, Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Mahesha Vankalakunti, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Chethan Manohar
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is characterized by episodes of intravascular hemolysis, infections, and thromboembolic complications. Renal abnormalities are rare which occur either due to hemolytic crisis or repeated thrombotic episodes involving small venules. Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring hemodialysis due to toxic effects of hemoglobinuria, with a stable disease is exceptional. We describe a case of an elderly gentleman presenting with features of severe AKI requiring hemodialysis due to hemosiderin tubulotoxicity as the first manifestation of PNH...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381526/immune-complex-mediated-rapidly-progressive-glomerulonephritis-in-a-patient-with-family-history-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
Ahmad Alflaiw, Ghormallah Alghamdi, Khalid Alsaad, Noura Aloudah
We describe here a case of a 53-year-old Saudi female who presented to the emergency room with shortness of breath progressive in nature for the previous one month, associated with a cough and occasional greenish sputum. She turned out to be a case of immunocomplex mediated glomerulonephritis presenting as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in a female patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in her daughter.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381525/a-rare-cause-of-acute-renal-failure-aortic-occlusion
#8
Bulent Kaya, Ibrahim Yildiz, Pinar Ozmen Yildiz
Aortic occlusion usually occurs in the infrarenal abdominal aorta while occlusion of the suprarenal aorta is much less common. The clinical presentation may vary from limb ischemia, neurologic symptoms of the lower extremities, abdominal symptoms, renal failure, and resistant hypertension (HTN). We present a case of suprarenal aortic occlusion presenting with renal failure and resistant HTN but without lower limb ischemia.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381524/-myroides-odoratimimus-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Ishthiaque Ahamed, Vellaichamy M Annapandian, Krithika D Muralidhara
Myroides species formerly known as Flavobacterium odoratum, a rare clinical isolate often considered as nonpathogenic. Myroides odoratimimus commonly found in the environment and frequently isolated from the immunocompromised patients. The incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by Myroides species is a rare phenomenon. We describe a rare case of UTI caused by Myroides odoratimimus in an elderly patient.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381523/an-initial-evaluation-of-hypokalemia-turned-out-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-secondary-to-parathyroid-adenoma
#10
Manish R Balwani, Amit Pasari, Amol Meshram, Anil Jawahirani, Priyanka Tolani, Hansini Laharwani, Charulata Bawankule
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) usually presents with hypercalcemia related symptoms and signs. Kidneys play an important role in calcium homeostasis. PHPT has been reported to be associated with hyperchloremia, defective urinary acidification, and renal tubular acidosis (RTA). The dysfunction of distal renal tubules is proposed to be secondary to calcium deposition in distal tubules. This case report highlights an initial presentation of parathyroid adenoma as hypokalemia due to distal RTA secondary to medullary nephrocalcinosis...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381522/bilateral-renal-cortical-necrosis-following-acute-pancreatitis-a-rare-complication-of-a-common-disease
#11
Arun Karat Anandan, Pradeep Balachandran, Arpitha Chowksey, Gomathy Sankaranarayanan, Usha Samuel
Acute renal cortical necrosis is a rare cause of intrinsic acute kidney injury (AKI) which is commonly associated with obstetric complications such as placental abruption and some serious systemic disorders such as hemolytic-uremic syndrome, sepsis, severe burns, and snake bite. Acute pancreatitis is an extremely rare cause of renal cortical necrosis, and only less than 10 cases are reported in the literature. Here, we present a 24-year-old male presented with features of acute pancreatitis and oliguric AKI...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381521/lymphocutaneous-nocardiosis-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient-successfully-treated-with-tigecycline
#12
Eleni Mylona, Vasilios Papastamopoulos, Myrto Giannopoulou, Efstathia Perivolioti, Zoi Psaroudaki, Athanasios Skoutelis
Cutaneous nocardiosis is an infrequent infection which has been increasingly reported in immunocompromised patients. Although trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is considered to be the agent of choice for treatment of nocardiosis, newer antimicrobials such as tigecycline have been proven to be effective in vitro, as well. We report the first case of primary cutaneous nocardiosis in a renal transplant recipient having corresponded well to treatment with tigecycline.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381520/renal-stones-in-two-children-with-two-rare-etiologies
#13
Gurinder Kumar, Rami Raad AlAni
The incidence of urolithiasis in children has shown an increase in recent years which may be attributed to changing dietary patterns, sedentary lifestyles, and obesity. Among the various etiologies for renal stones in children, two rare entities worth mentioning are cystinuria and 2, 8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) urolithiasis. Cystinuria is an inherited cause of nephrolithiasis which occurs due to impaired cystine reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule. 2, 8-DHA urolithiasis is an inherited autosomal recessive disease resulting in urinary stone disease secondary to deficiency of adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) activity...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381519/acquired-zinc-deficiency-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-with-gastrointestinal-tuberculosis-responding-promptly-to-oral-correction
#14
Priyanka Ghuge, Rusina Karia, Ram H Malkani
Zinc deficiency is an uncommon condition, known to occur in two forms: inherited type, known as Acrodermatitis enteropathies and the acquired type. Cutaneous clinical manifestations observed include characteristic dermatitis on acral, periorificial, and anogenital areas through an unknown mechanism. The patient had a combination of causes which lead to a state of zinc deficiency. We are presenting it due to the rarity of acquired acrodermatitis in patients of gastrointestinal tuberculosis and renal transplant recipients...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381518/pattern-of-glomerulonephritis-in-the-kashmir-valley
#15
Abdul Majeed Chowdry, Mohd Ashraf Bhat, Mohd Saleem Najar, Ankush Sharma, Hilal Azad, Intikhab Mir
Glomerulonephritis (GN) is a common cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) that can affect patients at any age. With respect to ESKD, there are significant global variations in the percentage of the incident and prevalent patients secondary to GN. The present study was therefore conducted to know the pattern of GN in the Kashmir valley. Retrospective study was conducted in the tertiary center Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences of Kashmir valley which included cases of different types of GN diagnosed on histopathology over a period of three years...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381517/chronic-kidney-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
Samuel B Ogundele
Chronic kidney disease has been observed to be a major threat to the world's health, and in some African countries, it is a death sentence. It affects economically productive young adults between the ages of 20-50 in Sub-Saharan Africa as against the middle age and elderly in the developed world. Challenges of renal care in Africa are numerous among which are equity, accessibility, financial constraint, and lack of workforce to mention a few. Therefore, Africa countries must prioritize renal care and include it in the health agenda to cater for the present and future health need of the people...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381516/expanding-renal-transplantation-organ-donor-pool-in-nigeria
#17
Ademola Alabi Popoola, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Benjamin Olusomi Bolaji, Tajudeen Olalekan Ajiboye
Kidney transplantation is the gold standard for end-stage renal disease. All over the world there are several challenges preventing sufficient organ donation to meet the growing needs of patients on the waiting list. One major challenge which is common to most countries is the shortage of organs from willing living donors. Many countries, especially, the developed countries, have devised several models of expanding their donor pools to meet the growing needs of patients on the waiting list. Nigeria, a developing country has very low kidney transplantation rate even though some progress have been made in making the procedure feasible in about a dozen hospitals in Nigeria...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381515/analysis-of-native-kidney-biopsy-data-from-a-single-center-from-bihar-india
#18
Amresh Krishna, Harsh Vardhan, Prit Pal Singh, Om Kumar
This is a retrospective study of all native kidney biopsies performed at our center between October 1, 2012 and March 31, 2015. Relevant clinical and laboratory variables were recorded. Biopsy samples were processed for light microscopy and immunofluorescence in all cases. Histological classification was adapted from the World Health Organization recommendations. The indications for kidney biopsy were nephrotic syndrome in adults in 190 cases, rapidly progressive renal failure in 43, unexplained renal failure in 25, and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome in children in 12...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381514/prevalence-of-depression-and-its-associated-factors-among-patients-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-public-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rajiv Ahlawat, Pramil Tiwari, Sanjay D'Cruz
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are at high risk of depressive disorders because of considerable psychological stress due to physical and social changes brought on by disease. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of depression in patients with CKD and the factors affecting it at a public tertiary care hospital. This cross-sectional study was carried out at the renal clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Data on 612 patients diagnosed with CKD from September 2014 to April 2016 was obtained. Nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire from PRIME-MD was used to assess the depression...
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30381513/histomorphological-pattern-of-renal-biopsy-in-dhaka-a-single-center-study
#20
Sk Md Jaynul Islam, Wasim Selimul Haque, Selina Akhter, S M Mahbubul Alam
Renal biopsy is a useful procedure to understand the histological pattern of renal disease. We present the histomorphological characteristics of renal biopsy specimen received at histopathology department, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Dhaka received during July 2015 to December 2015 for six months period was included in the study.
September 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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