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Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152447/ureteral-obstructive-nephropathy-due-to-compression-by-intrinsic-endometriosis-of-the-ovary
#1
LETTER
Luisa Bono, Gioacchino Li Cavoli, Carlo Giammarresi, Rosa Turdo, Tancredi Vincenzo Li Cavoli, Barbara Oliva, Flavia Caputo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152446/acute-kidney-injury-and-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-complicating-hepatitis-a
#2
LETTER
Hans Raj Pahadiya, Manoj Lakhotia, Ronak Gandhi, Akanksha Choudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152445/diabetes-mellitus-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
LETTER
Seyed Majid Mousavi Movahhed, Seyed Seifollah Beladi Mousavi, Samaneh Akbarpour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152444/distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-in-sickle-cell-anemia
#4
Anjali Bharani, Rani Manchanda, Ritesh Kumar Singh, Swati Prashant
We report a rare case of two young male siblings with sickle cell anemia who presented with bilateral lower limb deformities, failure to thrive, polyuria, and polydipsia. On investigations, they were found to have normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, hypokalemia, and nephrocalcinosis were seen on ultrasonography of the kidneys. These reports were suggestive of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). They were started on oral alkali replacement and potassium therapy with which clinical improvement was seen. Conventionally, renal tubular dysfunction is thought to occur infrequently in patients with sickle cell anemia...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152443/alkaptonuria-a-new-association-of-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis
#5
Azar Nickavar, Maryam Razzaghy Azar
Alkaptonuria (ALK) is a rare genetic disorder, characterized by binding of ochronotic pigment to the connective tissues in different tissues. This is the first report of a child presented with primary distal renal tubular acidosis associated with ALK. Both disorders were managed by their specific medical treatments, with no further complication.
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152442/hypercalcemic-crisis-as-a-prodromal-feature-of-pneumcystis-jirovecii-pneumonia
#6
Kamel El-Reshaid, Shaikha Al-Bader
We describe a patient who had developed hypercalcemic crisis, with altered mental status and renal failure, one year following aggressive corticosteroid-therapy for lupus nephritis. Her disease relapsed after successful live-related kidney transplantation 11 years ago. She had normal parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D yet high 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D. Four weeks later, she developed severe dyspnea and hypoxia with a reticulonodular pattern on chest computed tomography. Bacteriological and serological tests were negative for pathogens...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152441/an-uncommon-cause-of-rapidly-progressive-renal-failure-in-a-lupus-patient-pauci-immune-crescentic-glomerulonephritis
#7
Manish R Balwani, Charulata Bawankule, Prakash Khetan, Vishal Ramteke, Priyanka Tolani, Vivek Kute
We report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented with rapidly progressive renal failure (RPRF) with positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) and anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody and active urinary sediment in the form of microscopic hematuria and proteinuria. Provisional clinical diagnosis of lupus nephritis was made. Renal biopsy showed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis, the diagnosis of which was supported by positive serum anti-MPO antibody. Renal biopsy in SLE patients can sometimes reveal varied pathological entities such as antinuclear cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) positive vasculitis, as in our case, which modified our treatment protocol...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152440/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-with-steroid-resistant-massive-ascites-successfully-treated-by-peritoneal-lavage
#8
Nagayuki Kaneshiro, Naohiko Imai, Tsutomu Sakurada, Yugo Shibagaki
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is the most serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD). EPS is diagnosed by clinical symptoms (abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia.) and image study (intestinal expansion, peritoneal thickening and calcification, and ascites.). Steroid therapy and surgery are recommended as the treatment of EPS. Here, we report a case of EPS with steroid-resistant massive ascites successfully treated with peritoneal lavage. A 59-year-old female with end-stage kidney disease secondary to hypertension was started on PD in 2003...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152439/sarcoidosis-with-multiple-organ-involvement-associated-with-necrotizing-crescentic-glomerulonephritis
#9
Abdullah K Al-Hwiesh, Ibrahiem Saeed Abdul-Rahman, Amani Alhwiesh, Nadia Al-Oudah, Jumana Abdulwahab Alratroo, Nahad Al-Oudah, Fahd A Al-Muhanna, Husain Alsharani, Eman Fathi Ibrahim, Ibrahim Al-Durayash, Abdulhadi Jawad Al-Mubark
We report a case of a young Saudi male who presented with generalized body weakness and easy fatigability associated with fever, night sweating, loss of weight and appetite, and renal impairment. He was diagnosed as a case of sarcoidosis, and renal biopsy report was consistent with necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN). Immunosuppressive medication was started to help halting the progression to renal failure and stabilize renal function. To the best of our knowledge, the association between sarcoidosis and crescentic GN has been reported in only few cases in literature...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152438/hematuria-secondary-to-aeromonas-infection-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient
#10
Syed Sajad Hussain, Samina Farhat, Sanjiv Jasuja
Urinary tract infection is the most common bacterial infection occurring in renal transplant recipients and is associated with significant morbidity. The etiology and site of origin of hematuria in the transplant recipient is similar to that of the general population. Aeromonas species have been found to cause infection in immunocompromised hosts including patients of chronic kidney disease. To the best of our knowledge, there has not been any case report regarding the infection of Aeromonas in kidney transplant recipients...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152437/acute-renal-infarction-induced-by-heavy-marijuana-smoking
#11
Abdullah K Al-Hwiesh, Hussein Bahbhani, Amani Alhwiesh, Ibraheem Saad, Fahad AlMohama
Acute renal infarction usually occurs in patients with severe atherosclerosis or valvular heart disease. We here report a 42-year Saudi male who presented with severe abdominal pain nausea and vomiting associated with hematuria, after heavy smoking of marijuana. Computed tomography abdomen revealed bilateral renal infarction. Serum anti phospholipids antibody and anti-cardio lipid antibody were positive. To the best of our knowledge, the association between marijuana and secondary lupus anticoagulant-induced renal infarction has not been reported previously...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152436/nephromegaly-in-an-infant-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-resolving-successfully-with-eculizumab
#12
Gurinder Kumar
Atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (aHUS) can pose a diagnostic challenge due to the multisystem involvement and varied manifestations. Early diagnosis and initiation of Eculizumab have been reported to have favorable renal outcomes. We report a case of 11-month-old male infant who presented at the age of two months with anemia, acute kidney injury, hypertension, and nephromegaly. Renal biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of aHUS and Eculizumab was started. Thrombotic microangiopathy markers showed the resolution...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152435/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#13
Sanjay Vikrant, Dalip Gupta, Mehakinder Singh
We aimed to study the epidemiology and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI). This is a prospective study of adults aged 18 years or above diagnosed with AKI over a period of 16 months at a tertiary care hospital. Three hundred and nine patients had AKI. The observed incidence of AKI was eight per 1000 admissions. About 92.2% had community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI), and in 7.8% it was hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI). Etiological factors for AKI were medical in 87.4% of the cases, surgical in 9.4%, and obstetric 3...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152434/clinical-spectrum-of-hospital-acquired-acute-kidney-injury-a-prospective-study-from-central-india
#14
Shraddha Goswami, Naresh Pahwa, Rubina Vohra, Bhavani M Raju
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder worldwide that is associated with severe morbidity, mortality and cost. If managed adequately and in a timely manner, the majority of these cases are preventable, treatable and often reversible with simple measures. We conducted a two years prospective study of patients admitted to medical and surgical units of a tertiary care center in Central India to identify the causes of Hospital Acquired AKI (HAAKI) and its impact on patient outcomes. HAAKI occurred in 215 of 9,800 patients (2...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152433/incidence-and-factors-associated-with-seroconversion-to-hepatitis-c-virus-seropositivity-amongst-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-douala-cameroon
#15
Marie Patrice Halle, Tangie Larry, Cecile Okalla, Nda Mefo'o, Fouda Hermine, Gloria Ashuntantang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection one of the most common blood-borne infections is endemic in Cameroon and a serious problem in hemodialysis (HD). We aimed to determine the annual incidence and factors associated with seroconversion to hepatitis C positivity amongst patients on maintenance HD after an exposition of two years in a center with a high prevalence of hepatitis C (20.6%) and where no isolation policy is practiced. This was a retrospective cohort study carried out in January 2015 in the HD unit of Douala General Hospital in Cameroon including 71 patients on maintenance HD who tested negative for HCV in January 2013...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152432/spectrum-of-renal-allograft-biopsy-a-five-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-center-of-eastern-india
#16
Malagouda R Patil, Smita Subhash Divyaveer, Chetan Mahajan, Arpita Roy Choudhury, Sanjay Dasgupta, Dipankar Sarkar, Harmeet Riyait, Anila Abraham, Rajendra Pandey
Renal allograft dysfunction (RAD) can have myriad causes and presentations. Allograft biopsy remains the gold standard for optimum management. This is a retrospective study carried out at a tertiary care institute from August 2011 to March 2016. Details of the renal allograft biopsy requisitions were recorded and analyzed. Two hundred and two patients had undergone kidney transplantation (KT) during the study period. One hundred and twenty-six had undergone renal biopsy for RAD. The acute asymptomatic rise of serum creatinine was the most common clinical presentation (47...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152431/experience-with-arteriovenous-fistula-creation-for-maintenance-hemodialysis-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-western-nigeria
#17
Ayo A Salako, Tajudeen A Badmus, Martin C Igbokwe, Rotimi A David, Adeyinka Laoye, Ibrahim A Akinbola, Chigozie I Onyeze, Rereloluwa N Babalola
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is prevalent in our region. A major mode of treatment is by maintenance hemodialysis, and reliable vascular access is paramount for this to be successful. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation offers permanent vascular access in patients with ESRD. We present our experience on AVF creation over a 10-year period. Our objective was to retrospectively review the outcome of all cases of AVF that have been created for ESRD patients at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife Nigeria between January 2006 and December 2015...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152430/the-burden-of-caring-for-renal-patients-the-nurses-perspective
#18
Oluwafunmilola Mary Mobolaji-Olajide, Oluwatoyin Christiana Amira, Iyabo Yewande Ademuyiwa, Fatiu Abiola Arogundade, Emon Duke
Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Nigeria is on the increase and it is associated with increasing caregiving burden for both the professionals and informal caregivers. This study evaluated the burden experienced by nurses caring for CKD patients, identified the procedures causing the caregiving burden and factors associated with burden in two hospitals in Ondo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and forty nurses caring for renal patients were selected from two health institutions in Ondo State. Information on sociodemographic data was obtained using a self-administered questionnaire...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152429/the-effect-of-hypothyroidism-on-serum-irisin-level-in-patients-with-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease-a-pilot-study-with-a-cross-sectional-design
#19
Milind Machhindra Patil, Sreejith Parameswaran, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan, Jaya Prakash Sahoo, Karthik Balachandran, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar
Both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypothyroidism are associated with decreased serum irisin level. The presence of hypothyroidism may influence serum irisin level in CKD patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hypothyroidism on serum irisin level in patients with nondiabetic CKD. Two hundred nondiabetic CKD patients aged between 18 and 65 years with glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were included in this study. Forty-three (21.5%) patients had hypothyroidism (overt and subclinical both)...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152428/effectiveness-of-intradialytic-exercise-on-dialysis-adequacy-physiological-parameters-biochemical-markers-and-quality-of-life-a-pilot-study
#20
Thenmozhi Paluchamy, Rajeswari Vaidyanathan
End-stage renal disease is emerging as a major public health problem in the developing countries. It must be treated with renal replacement therapy and hemodialysis (HD) is the most widely used therapy and the only maintenance treatment if kidney transplant is not feasible. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of intradialytic exercise on dialysis efficacy, physiological parameters, biochemical markers, and quality of life among patients on HD. Experimental research design was adopted to conduct the study with 20 patients in our HD unit who met the inclusion criteria and patients were randomly allocated into experimental group and control group...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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