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Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

Sher Bahadur Poudel, Govinda Bhattarai, Jae-Hwan Kim, Sung-Ho Kook, Young-Kwon Seo, Young-Mi Jeon, Jeong-Chae Lee
Fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) plays an important role in regulating the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of cells. However, the role of FGF7 in bone formation is not yet fully understood. We examined the effect of FGF7 on bone formation using a rat model of mandible defects. Rats underwent mandible defect surgery and then either scaffold treatment alone (control group) or FGF7-impregnated scaffold treatment (FGF7 group). Micro-CT and histological analyses revealed that the FGF7 group exhibited greater bone formation than did the control group 10 weeks after surgery...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Hani M Khojah, Sameh Ahmed, Mahran S Abdel-Rahman, Khaled M Alkhalil, Al-Badr Hamza
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of vitamin K homologs as potential biomarkers for disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, 42 patients with RA and 40 healthy controls were enrolled. Serum levels of vitamin K homologs were measured using a high-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence method. Different biochemical and clinical markers for disease activity were measured and correlated with serum levels of vitamin K homologs. There were no significant differences between RA patients and healthy subjects in demographic data...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Yifan Jin, Lihua Xu, Xiaohui Hu, Shixian Liao, Janak L Pathak, Jinsong Liu
Osteoporotic patients have a high risk of dental and orthopedic implant failure. Lithium chloride (LiCl) has been reported to enhance bone formation. However, the role of LiCl in the success rate of dental and orthopedic implants in osteoporotic conditions is still unknown. We investigated whether LiCl enhances implant osseointegration, implant fixation, and bone formation in osteoporotic conditions. Sprague-Dawley female rats (n = 18) were ovariectomized (OVX) to induce osteoporosis, and another nine rats underwent sham surgery...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Hitoshi Saito, Hiroyuki Kakihata, Yosuke Nishida, Sawako Yatomi, Shigeru Nihojima, Yumiko Kobayashi, Hidehiro Tabata, Makoto Nomura
This large-scale post-marketing surveillance study was conducted to assess the safety and effectiveness of eldecalcitol treatment in patients with osteoporosis in a Japanese clinical setting. A total of 3567 patients with osteoporosis were enrolled and received eldecalcitol 0.75 μg/day for 12 months. For this interim report, 3285 patients were eligible for analysis. Mean age was 74.9 ± 8.7 years; 86.8 % (2854/3285) were women. There were 142 reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in 129 patients (3...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Young-Kyun Lee, Jae-Suk Chang, Yong-Ki Min, Dong-Won Byun, Yongsoon Park, Yong-Chan Ha
Inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake is a possible risk factor of osteoporosis. Our purposes were to estimate calcium and vitamin D intake in Korean women, and to determine associated risk factors for low calcium and vitamin D intake. This is a multicenter, hospital-based, and cross-sectional study on osteoporosis. In this study, 1516 women of 50 years or older were involved. Dietary calcium and vitamin D intake were evaluated using the self-reporting KCAT questionnaire. Average daily calcium intake was 662...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Jianhui Yang, Qiong Wu, Jianguo Lv, Huiyong Nie
Apoptosis of osteoblasts triggered by high-dose glucocorticoids (GCs) has been identified as a major cause of osteoporosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying GC-induced osteoporosis remain elusive. This study was conducted to make clear the mechanism of GC-induced osteoblast apoptosis and to examine whether reduction of ER stress by 4-PBA inhibited osteoblast apoptosis. After treatment with dexamethasone (Dex) or hydrocortisone, cell viability was assessed using an MTT assay. Flow cytometry was performed to assess the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Fei Zhao, Li-Hong Gao, Shan-Shan Li, Zhan-Ying Wei, Wen-Zhen Fu, Jin-Wei He, Yu-Juan Liu, Yun-Qiu Hu, Jing Dong, Zhen-Lin Zhang
The methyltransferase-like 21C gene (METTL21C), which is mainly expressed in muscle, can promote the differentiation of myoblasts to myotubes and reduce glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis of osteocytes. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of METTL21C and peak bone mineral density (BMD), body mass index, total fat mass (TFM), and total lean mass (TLM) in Chinese young men. Fifteen tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped, and haplotype blocks were derived in 400 Chinese male nuclear families...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Dian-Qi Li, Qi-Long Wan, Janak L Pathak, Zu-Bing Li
Enhanced osteoclast formation increases bone resorption, which triggers bone remodeling. Platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) enhances precursor cell homing, angiogenesis, and bone healing, and thereby could also treat osteoporosis. However, the effect of PDGF-BB on osteoclast formation is not fully understood. We investigated whether exogenous recombinant PDGF-BB directly affects osteoclast formation and osteoclast precursor cell chemotaxis. The murine monocyte-macrophage cell line RAW264.7 and bone-marrow-derived macrophages were cultured with recombinant mouse PDGF-BB with or without a platelet-derived growth factor receptor β inhibitor (AG-1295) or a Janus kinase 2 inhibitor (AG-490) to analyze the effect on osteoclastogenesis in vitro...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Saroj Kumar Sahoo, Kishore Kumar Katam, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Vijayalakshmi Bhatia
We studied bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), and body composition in offspring of women supplemented with vitamin D during pregnancy. Pregnant women were randomized to receive oral cholecalciferol 60,000 units 4 weekly (group 1), 8 weekly (group 2), or placebo (group 3). All received 1 g calcium daily (groups 1 and 2 without, and group 3 with 400 units vitamin D). Offspring at 12-16 months underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Maternal hypovitaminosis D at recruitment was common (serum 25OHD <50 nmol/L in 88 %) and severe (25OHD <25 nmol/L in 46 %)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Sabrina E Noel, Sandra Arevalo, Caren E Smith, Chao-Qiang Lai, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Jose M Ordovas, Katherine L Tucker
Population admixture plays a role in the risk of chronic conditions that are related to body composition; however, our understanding of these associations in Puerto Ricans, a population characterized by multiple ancestries, is limited. This study investigated the relationship between genetic admixture and body composition in 652 Puerto Ricans from the Boston Puerto Rican Osteoporosis Study. Genetic ancestry was estimated from 100 ancestry-informative markers. Body composition measures were obtained from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Jie Chen, Ge Ma, Wei Liu, Yanpu Liu, Yuxiang Ding
In order to explore the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from ovariectomized (OVX) rats, an OVX rat model was used. An ELISA was performed to examine the changes in CGRP level in the plasma and skeleton. The BMSCs from the sham rats were designated group A. The BMSCs from the OVX rats (groups B, C, D and E) were treated with different concentrations of CGRP (10(-6), 10(-8), 10(-10) and 0 M) in vitro. The proliferation and osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation potential of the BMSCs were evaluated...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
C V Harinarayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Satoshi Soen, Takashi Umemura, Tsuyoshi Ando, Toshiaki Kamisaki, Masahiko Nishikawa, Ryoichi Muraoka, Yoshinori Ikeda, Kyoko Takeda, Mitsuharu Osawa, Toshitaka Nakamura
Currently, the only available evidence for the efficacy of once-weekly 17.5 mg risedronate in preventing vertebral fractures was obtained in a 48-week study in Japan. We performed a 156-week prospective, longitudinal, observational study to determine the efficacy of the 17.5 mg risedronate in preventing vertebral fractures. We included Japanese patients with established osteoporosis who were older than 50 years and had radiographically confirmed vertebral fractures. The primary endpoint was the incidence of vertebral fractures every 24 weeks, with the final interval spanning 36 weeks...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Hirohito Abe, Takashi Sakai, Takeshi Ogawa, Masaki Takao, Takashi Nishii, Nobuo Nakamura, Nobuhiko Sugano
The purpose of this study was to clarify bone turnover marker levels in rapidly destructive coxopathy (RDC). Twenty patients with RDC (mean age, 72 ± 11 years; 3 men, 17 postmenopausal women), 111 with osteoarthritis (OA) (age, 60 ± 10 years; 15 men, 13 premenopausal women, 83 postmenopausal women), and 18 with osteonecrosis of femoral head (ON) (55 ± 14 years; 11 men, 3 premenopausal women, 4 postmenopausal women), and 100 patients with femoral neck fracture (FNF) (81 ± 10 years; 27 men, 73 postmenopausal women) were included...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Shiro Tanaka, Teruhiko Miyazaki, Yukari Uemura, Nobuaki Miyakawa, Itsuo Gorai, Toshitaka Nakamura, Masao Fukunaga, Yasuo Ohashi, Hiroaki Ohta, Satoshi Mori, Hiroshi Hagino, Takayuki Hosoi, Toshitsugu Sugimoto, Eiji Itoi, Hajime Orimo, Masataka Shiraki
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of concurrent treatment with vitamin K2 and risedronate compared with treatment with risedronate alone in patients with osteoporosis and to explore subsets of patients for which concurrent treatment is particularly efficacious. Women with osteoporosis aged 65 years or older were recruited from 123 institutes in Japan and allocated to take either vitamin K2 (45 mg/day) and risedronate (2.5 mg/day or 17.5 mg/week) or risedronate (2.5 mg/day or 17.5 mg/week) alone...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Lidija Orlic, Ivana Mikolasevic, Zeljka Crncevic-Orlic, Ivan Jakopcic, Josipa Josipovic, Drasko Pavlovic
We aim to determine the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), measured by T- and Z-score, and mortality risk in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We also investigate which are the most suitable skeletal sites for predicting mortality rate. We analyzed the survival of 102 patients who had been treated with chronic HD according to BMD. Patients with a T-score ≤2.5 at the middle, ultradistal and proximal part of the forearm had a higher mortality risk than those with a T-score of -2.5 or higher. Furthermore, no statistically significant association was found between loss of bone mass at other measuring points-lumbar spine (anteroposterior orientation from L1-L4) and hip (neck, trochanter, intertrochanter, total and Ward's triangle)-and mortality risk...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Soma Saha, Shiva Prasad Gantyala, Sameer Aggarwal, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Radhika Tandon, Ravinder Goswami
Cataract is a cardinal manifestation of hypoparathyroidism. Although patients with hypoparathyroidism require cataract surgery at a younger age than individuals without hypoparathyroidism, there is limited information on the outcome of this surgery. We assessed long-term complications of cataract surgery in patients with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IH) and its relationship with their clinical and biochemical parameters. Twenty-seven patients with IH and 25 nonhypoparathyroid controls with a minimum follow-up of 2 years after cataract surgery were assessed for visual acuity, intraocular pressure, lens centricity, Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy, and the severity of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) and anterior capsular opacification...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Naoto Endo, Keiji Fujino, Tokuhide Doi, Masami Akai, Yuichi Hoshino, Tetsuo Nakano, Tsutomu Iwaya
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of elcatonin injections and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for patients with osteoporosis who have acute lumbar pain after experiencing new vertebral compression fractures. Two hundred twenty-eight Japanese female patients (mean age 77.3 years) with acute lumbar pain from osteoporotic vertebral fractures were randomly divided into two groups. Patients in one group were given an NSAID (NSAIDs group) and patients in the other group were given weekly intramuscular injections of 20 units of elcatonin (elcatonin group)...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Lele Liao, Yiyue Chen, Wanchun Wang
Osteoarthritis, (OA), also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of the joints and occurs when the protective cartilage (articular cartilage) on the ends of bones such as the knees, hips and fingers abrades over time. It mainly affects the whole joint structure, including the articular cartilage, subchondral bone and synovial tissue. Extensive work has been done in the past decades to investigate the cellular mechanism of this disease...
September 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
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