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Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389933/effect-of-radiation-dose-reduction-on-texture-measures-of-trabecular-bone-microstructure-an-in-vitro-study
#1
Muthu Rama Krishnan Mookiah, Thomas Baum, Kai Mei, Felix K Kopp, Georg Kaissis, Peter Foehr, Peter B Noel, Jan S Kirschke, Karupppasamy Subburaj
Osteoporosis is characterized by bone loss and degradation of bone microstructure leading to fracture particularly in elderly people. Osteoporotic bone degeneration and fracture risk can be assessed by bone mineral density and trabecular bone score from 2D projection dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry images. However, multidetector computed tomography image based quantification of trabecular bone microstructure showed significant improvement in prediction of fracture risk beyond that from bone mineral density and trabecular bone score; however, high radiation exposure limits its use in routine clinical in vivo examinations...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389932/monthly-oral-ibandronate-100%C3%A2-mg-is-as-effective-as-monthly-intravenous-ibandronate-1%C3%A2-mg-in-patients-with-various-pathologies-in-the-movest-study
#2
Hiroshi Hagino, Masako Ito, Junko Hashimoto, Masao Yamamoto, Koichi Endo, Kyoko Katsumata, Yoshihiro Asao, Rumiko Matsumoto, Tetsuo Nakano, Hideki Mizunuma, Toshitaka Nakamura
The non-inferiority of oral ibandronate 100 mg to intravenous (i.v.) ibandronate 1 mg in increasing lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral density (BMD) after 12 months of treatment was demonstrated in the randomized, phase III MOVEST study. We conducted subgroup analyses in the per-protocol set of the study (n = 183 oral ibandronate; n = 189 i.v. ibandronate). In patients with LS BMD T score ≥ -3.0 or < -3.0 at screening, LS BMD gains from baseline were 4.42 and 5.79%, respectively, with oral ibandronate, and 4...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389931/physicochemical-characterization-of-mineral-deposits-in-human-ligamenta-flava
#3
Sylwia Orzechowska, Andrzej Wróbel, Marcin Kozieł, Wiesław Łasocha, Eugeniusz Rokita
The aim of our study was the detailed characterization of calcium deposits in ligamenta flava. The use of microcomputed tomography allowed extending the routine medical investigations to characterize mineral grains in the microscopic scale. A possible connection between spinal stenosis and ligament mineralization was investigated. The studies were carried out on 24 surgically removed ligamentum flavum samples divided into control and stenosis groups. Physicochemical characterization of the inorganic material was performed using X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365812/serum-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-and-autoantibodies-related-to-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-the-general-japanese-population-and-their-association-with-osteoporosis-and-osteoarthritis-the-road-study
#4
Rie Kodama, Shigeyuki Muraki, Toshiko Iidaka, Hiroyuki Oka, Masatoshi Teraguchi, Ryohei Kagotani, Yoshiki Asai, Hiroshi Hashizume, Munehito Yoshida, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Kozo Nakamura, Toru Akune, Sakae Tanaka, Noriko Yoshimura
To purpose of this study was to reveal the mean levels and positive proportion of serological markers related to rheumatoid arthritis, and clarify their relationship with osteoporosis and hand osteoarthritis (OA). A total of 1546 participants from the third survey of the research on osteoarthritis/osteoporosis against disability study were enrolled in the current study. Using participant blood samples, the levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein (CCP) antibody, rheumatoid factor (RF), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), C-reactive protein (CRP), and high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) were measured...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365811/disuse-osteopenia-induced-by-botulinum-toxin-is-similar-in-skeletally-mature-young-and-aged-female-c57bl-6j-mice
#5
Jens Bay Vegger, Annemarie Brüel, Mikkel Bo Brent, Jesper Skovhus Thomsen
Osteopenia and osteoporosis predominately occur in the fully grown skeleton. However, it is unknown whether disuse osteopenia in skeletally mature, but growing, mice resembles that of fully grown mice. Twenty-four 16-week-old (young) and eighteen 44-week-old (aged) female C57BL/6J mice were investigated. Twelve young and nine aged mice were injected with botulinum toxin in one hind limb; the remaining mice served as controls. The mice were euthanized after 3 weeks of disuse. The femora were scanned by micro-computed tomography (µCT) and bone strength was determined by mechanically testing the femoral mid-diaphysis and neck...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364325/vitamin-d-status-and-abdominal-aortic-calcification-in-postmenopausal-women
#6
A El Maghraoui, T Hamza, S Sadni, A El Maataoui, A Majjad, A Rezqi, Z Ouzzif, A Mounach
Vitamin D has an important role in bone metabolism and may be involved in the process of vascular calcification. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D status on the presence of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). We enrolled, in a cross-sectional study, 429 postmenopausal women [mean age, weight, and BMI of 59.5 ± 8.3 (50-83) years, 75.8 ± 13.3 (35-165) kg, and 29.9 ± 5.2 (14.6-50.8) kg/m(2), respectively]. Lateral vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) images and scans of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were obtained using a Lunar Prodigy densitometer...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364324/primary-hyperparathyroidism-insights-from-the-indian-phpt-registry
#7
Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Ashutosh Kumar Arya, Satinath Mukhopadhyay, Rajesh Khadgawat, Suja Sukumar, Sailesh Lodha, Deependra N Singh, Anjali Sathya, Priyanka Singh, Anil Bhansali
The presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is variable throughout the world. The present study explored retrospective data submitted to the Indian PHPT registry ( http://www.indianphptregistry.com ) between July 2005 and June 2015 from 5 centres covering four different geographical regions. The clinical, biochemical, radiological and histopathological characteristics of PHPT patients across India were analysed for similarity and variability across the centres. A total of 464 subjects (137 men and 327 women) with histopathologically proven PHPT were analysed...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357594/knockdown-of-ggps1-in-chondrocyte-expedites-fracture-healing-by-accelerating-the-progression-of-endochondral-ossification-in-mice
#8
Bingyang Dai, Qiangqiang Li, Xiaoxiao Song, Yuxiang Ge, Jing Wu, Kaijia Zhang, Chao Wang, Yifeng Zhang, Huajian Teng, Chaojun Li, Qing Jiang
Bone fracture healing is achieved through the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells, while bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) contribute to endochondral ossification. During fracture healing, mesenchymal progenitor cells first form a cartilaginous blastema that becomes vascularized to recruit precursor cells of osteoblasts through the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (Bmp2)/Smad-dependent Runx2 pathway. Statins deplete geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP), which participates in the regulation of BMSCs differentiation, through the inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase, leading to impaired protein geranylgeranylation, which strongly impacts the bone synthesis induced by Bmp2...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357593/the-relationship-between-subclinical-thyroid-dysfunction-and-the-risk-of-fracture-or-low-bone-mineral-density-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#9
Ruifei Yang, Liang Yao, Yuan Fang, Jing Sun, Tiankang Guo, Kehu Yang, Limin Tian
Our aim was to assess the risk of fractures or low bone mineral density (BMD) associated with subclinical thyroid dysfunction among cohorts. We systematically searched Medline (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CENTRAL and SinoMed up to 31 July 2016 to identify cohort studies which have analyzed associations between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and fracture or BMD. A total of 19 population-based cohorts including 79,368 participants with relationships between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and fractures or BMD were identified as eligible for this meta-analysis...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342094/comparison-of-the-use-of-rhbmp-7-versus-iliac-crest-autograft-in-single-level-lumbar-fusion-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Fubiao Ye, Zhiyuan Zeng, Jianru Wang, Hui Liu, Hua Wang, Zhaomin Zheng
The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical effectiveness of rhBMP-7 (or osteogenic protein-1) versus that of autogenous iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) in single-level posterolateral fusion (PLF) of the lumbar spine. A systematic search of all articles published through July 1, 2016 was conducted in databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared rhBMP-7 with ICBG for the treatment of single-level degenerative spondylolisthesis, provided the fusion rate, clinical success rate, safety and adverse events report, operation time, and hospital stay durations as the outcome were assessed...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324176/bhlha9-regulates-apical-ectodermal-ridge-formation-during-limb-development
#11
Kensuke Kataoka, Takahide Matsushima, Yoshiaki Ito, Tempei Sato, Shigetoshi Yokoyama, Hiroshi Asahara
Split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) and SHFM combined with long-bone deficiency (SHFLD) are congenital dysgeneses of the limb. Although six different loci/mutations (SHFM1-SHFM6) have been found from studies on families with SHFM, the causes and associated pathogenic mechanisms for a large number of patients remain unidentified. On the basis of the identification of a duplicated gene region involving BHLHA9 in some affected families, BHLHA9 was identified as a novel SHFM/SHFLD-related gene. Although Bhlha9 is predicted to participate in limb development as a transcription factor, its precise function is unclear...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321652/role-of-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-in-glucocorticoid-induced-muscle-change-in-mice
#12
Yukinori Tamura, Naoyuki Kawao, Takeshi Shimoide, Kiyotaka Okada, Osamu Matsuo, Hiroshi Kaji
We recently revealed that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a serine protease inhibitor, is involved in diabetes, osteoporosis and muscle wasting induced by glucocorticoid (GC) treatment in mice. In the present study, we investigated the detailed mechanisms by which GC induces muscle wasting through PAI-1 in vivo and in vitro. PAI-1 deficiency suppressed the mRNA levels of atrogin1 and muscle RING-Finger Protein 1 (MuRF1), ubiquitin ligases leading to muscle degradation, elevated by GC treatment in the gastrocnemius muscle of mice...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321651/effects-of-strontium-ranelate-treatment-on-osteoblasts-cultivated-onto-scaffolds-of-trabeculae-bovine-bone
#13
Gerluza Aparecida Borges Silva, Bruno Machado Bertassoli, Cristiane Aparecida Sousa, Juliano Douglas Albergaria, Rayan Silva de Paula, Erika Cristina Jorge
Blocks of Bovine bone have shown promising results as implantable scaffolds to promote bone regeneration. Strontium ranelate (SrR) is both an antiresorptive and an anabolic drug that has been indicated for oral administration to treat osteoporosis. Few studies, however, have investigated the local effects of SrR and its use in association with biomaterials thus far. In this work, we investigated SrR effects in cultures of primary osteoblasts (PO, from Wistar rats calvaria) and immortalized osteoblasts (IO, from MC3T3-E1 cell line) cultivated as a monolayer or in association with scaffolds of bovine bone in mineralized (MBB) and demineralized (DBB) forms...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303402/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-bone-mineral-density-in-a-taiwanese-elderly-population
#14
Song-Seng Loke, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Wen-Cheng Li
Previous studies have demonstrated uncertainty regarding the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on bone. In the present work, we investigated the association between MetS, its components, and decreased bone mineral density (BMD) in a cross-sectional study of patients who underwent BMD measurement by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry during a health examination. Decreased BMD was defined as either osteopenia or osteoporosis. MetS components and body mass index (BMI) were compared between individuals with normal and decreased BMD, and simple and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between the variables and decreased BMD in women and men...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293781/greb1-genetic-variants-are-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-caucasians
#15
Kevin G Hegarty, Frances J Drummond, Mary Daly, Fergus Shanahan, Michael G Molloy
Gaining an understanding of factors contributing to bone quality is key to the development of effective preventative treatments for osteoporosis and reduction in osteoporotic fractures. Oestrogen is a strong regulator of bone remodelling which maintains skeletal structural integrity. The growth regulation by oestrogen in breast cancer 1 (GREB1) gene, with an as yet undefined function, is an early response gene in the oestrogen-regulated pathway. Suggestive evidence of linkage with bone mineral density (BMD) variation has been reported with D2S168, located telomeric of GREB1...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293780/multiscale-investigation-on-the-effects-of-additional-weight-bearing-in-combination-with-low-magnitude-high-frequency-vibration-on-bone-quality-of-growing-female-rats
#16
Tianlong Zhang, Jiazi Gao, Juan Fang, He Gong
This study aimed to explore the effects of additional weight bearing in combination with low-magnitude high-frequency vibration (LMHFV; 45 Hz, 0.3 g) on bone quality. One hundred twenty rats were randomly divided into ten groups; namely, sedentary (SED), additional weight bearing in which the rat wears a backpack whose weight is x% of the body weight (WBx; x = 5, 12, 19, 26), basic vibration (V), and additional weight bearing in combination with LMHFV in which the rat wears a backpack whose weight is x% of the body weight (Vx; x = 5, 12, 19, 26)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293779/effect-of-osteoporosis-medication-on-changes-in-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-markers-after-24-month-administration-of-daily-teriparatide-comparison-among-minodronate-raloxifene-and-eldecalcitol
#17
Shinichi Nakatoh
This study reveals the changes in bone mineral density (BMD), the turnover rate, and the balance [multiple of median formation/multiple of median resorption (MoMf/MoMr)] affected by the selection of different bone resorption inhibitors after 24-month daily teriparatide (20 µg/day) administration. The turnover rate was calculated as √(MoMf(2) + MoMr(2)), where MoMf = bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) value/18.6 and MoMr = tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) value/463. One hundred and twenty-one osteoporotic women (mean age 82...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243796/monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-and-bone-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#18
Nicola Veronese, Claudio Luchini, Marco Solmi, Giuseppe Sergi, Enzo Manzato, Brendon Stubbs
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a common condition in the elderly. A number of studies have investigated the relationship between MGUS and bone health outcomes including bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporosis and fractures, but no meta-analysis exists. We conducted a systematic review and exploratory meta-analysis comparing bone health outcomes in patients with MGUS. Two independent authors searched PubMed and Scopus from inception until 19 October 2016. A meta-analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies investigating fractures and BMD was conducted...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243795/minodronic-acid-induces-morphological-changes-in-osteoclasts-at-bone-resorption-sites-and-reaches-a-level-required-for-antagonism-of-purinergic-p2x2-3-receptors
#19
Makoto Tanaka, Akihiro Hosoya, Hiroshi Mori, Ryoji Kayasuga, Hiroaki Nakamura, Hidehiro Ozawa
Minodronic acid is an aminobisphosphonate that is an antagonist of purinergic P2X2/3 receptors involved in pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the action and distribution of minodronic acid and the potential for P2X2/3 receptor antagonism based on the estimated concentration of minodronic acid. Microlocalization of radiolabeled minodronic acid was examined in the femur of neonatal rats. The bone-binding characteristics of minodronic acid and morphological changes in osteoclasts were analyzed in vitro...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243794/discrete-tomography-in-an-in-vivo-small-animal-bone-study
#20
Elke Van de Casteele, Egon Perilli, Wim Van Aarle, Karen J Reynolds, Jan Sijbers
This study aimed at assessing the feasibility of a discrete algebraic reconstruction technique (DART) to be used in in vivo small animal bone studies. The advantage of discrete tomography is the possibility to reduce the amount of X-ray projection images, which makes scans faster and implies also a significant reduction of radiation dose, without compromising the reconstruction results. Bone studies are ideal for being performed with discrete tomography, due to the relatively small number of attenuation coefficients contained in the image [namely three: background (air), soft tissue and bone]...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
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